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Application of a new hyperbaric oxygen therapy protocol in patients with arterial and venous gas embolism due to hydrogen peroxide poisoning.

Undersea Hyperb Med 2021 Second Quarter;48(2):187-193

Department of Emergency Medicine and Research Institute of Hyperbaric Medicine and Science, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Republic of Korea.

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) ingestion can cause vascular gas embolism (GE). Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2) is known to improve neurological abnormalities in patients with arterial gas embolism (AGE). Previously, HBO2 based on the U. Read More

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Incidence and Direct Medical Cost of Acute Stress Disorder and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Korea: Based on National Health Insurance Service Claims Data from 2011 to 2017.

J Korean Med Sci 2021 May 10;36(18):e125. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Psychiatry, Kangwon National University Hospital, Kangwon University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.

Background: We aimed to investigate the annual incidence of trauma and stress-related mental disorder including acute stress disorder (ASD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) using the National Health Insurance Service Database. In addition, we estimated direct medical cost of ASD and PTSD in Korea.

Methods: To examine the incidence, we selected patients who had at least one medical claim containing a 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems code for ASD (F43. Read More

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Male Sex Is a Significant Predictor of All-cause Mortality in Patients with Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-associated Vasculitis.

J Korean Med Sci 2021 May 10;36(18):e120. Epub 2021 May 10.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: We investigated and compared the initial clinical features at diagnosis and the poor outcomes during follow-up in Korean patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) based on sex.

Methods: The medical records of 223 immunosuppressive drug-naïve patients with AAV were reviewed. Age, body mass index (BMI), smoking history, AAV subtypes, ANCA positivity, clinical manifestations, Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS), five-factor score (FFS), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) at diagnosis were collected. Read More

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Surgical Treatment of Upper Extremity Segmental Myoclonus in an Adolescent with Chiari Malformation and Cervicothoracic Syrinx.

Pediatr Neurosurg 2021 May 11:1-6. Epub 2021 May 11.

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: Myoclonus is an involuntary movement disorder characterized by semirhythmic jerking movements of muscle groups but is rarely seen in association with Chiari malformation type I (CM-1). CM-1 is a frequently encountered clinical entity in pediatric neurosurgery characterized by caudal displacement of the cerebellar tonsils with or without syringomyelia. We report a pediatric patient who presented with upper extremity myoclonus and was found to have CM-1 and a complex septated cervicothoracic syrinx eccentric to the left. Read More

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Cerebral Venous Thrombosis Associated with COVID-19 Infection: An Observational, Multicenter Study.

Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 2021 May 11;11(2):55-60. Epub 2021 May 11.

Rashid Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Background And Purpose: Coronavirus disease 2019 (CO-VID-19) has an increased propensity for systemic hypercoagulability and thromboembolism. An association with cerebrovascular diseases, especially cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT), has been reported among these patients. The objective of the present study was to identify risk factors for CVT as well as its presentation and outcome in COVID-19 patients. Read More

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Osmotic tolerance of rabbit spermatozoa is affected by extender composition and temperature.

Anim Reprod Sci 2021 May 6;229:106763. Epub 2021 May 6.

Faculty of Biosciences and Technologies for Agriculture Food and Environment, University of Teramo, via Balzarini 1, Teramo, 64100, Italy. Electronic address:

Sperm osmotic adaptability to anisosmotic conditions is important for sperm epididymal maturation, motility activation at ejaculation, and female tract colonization, or for conducting technological procedures such as cryopreservation. Several factors affect this adaptability, including the fluid composition that contributes to water flow dynamics, and the temperature at which osmotic stress is initiated. This study was designed to investigate the effect of medium composition (electrolyte- or sugar-based extender) and temperature (25 and 5 °C) on rabbit sperm adaptability to anisosmotic conditions. Read More

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Sexual aggression against males: Differences between acts by males and females - Results from the German Health and Sexuality Survey (GeSiD).

Child Abuse Negl 2021 May 8;117:105071. Epub 2021 May 8.

Institute for Sex Research, Sexual Medicine and Forensic Psychiatry University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Current research examining sexual aggression against males is rare and representative studies often do not sufficiently differentiate between male and female affected persons, male and female offending person, as well as between different types of sexual aggression.

Objective: We investigated the prevalence of sexual aggression against males perpetrated by males and females distinguished by the type of sexual aggression and examined differences between sexual aggression against males committed by males and females in characteristics of the sexual aggression.

Participants And Setting: We examined representative self-report data collected in the German Health and Sexuality Survey (GeSiD; n = 4,955). Read More

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Hymenal transections in children found by photocolposcopy in suspected sexual abuse cases is associated with a history of bleeding.

J Forensic Leg Med 2021 May 6;80:102176. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, J.B.Winsløws Vej 17B, 5000 Odense C, Denmark. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the difference in selected variables between children with and without hymenal transection, which is a healed defect that extends through the entire depth of the posterior hymenal membrane to the vaginal wall.

Materials And Methods: All female children from Southern Denmark who were examined by photocolposcopy in a six-year period were included in a retrospective cohort study. Statistical analyses included a chi-square test and a logistic regression analysis. Read More

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Oxytocin receptor is a potential biomarker of the hyporesponsive HPA axis subtype of PTSD and might be modulated by HPA axis reactivity traits in humans and mice.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2021 May 3;129:105242. Epub 2021 May 3.

Maastricht University Medical Centre, School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, Universiteitssingel 50, 6229 ER, PO Box 616 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands; Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms University of Bonn, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, RG Molecular and Clinical Psychotraumatology & Psychotrauma Outpatient Unit, Venusberg-Campus-1, 53127 Bonn, Germany; University Medical Center Göttingen (UMG), Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, RG Stress Modulation of Neurodegeneration & Psychotrauma Outpatient Unit, Von-Siebold-Strasse 5, 37075 Göttingen, Germany. Electronic address:

This study aimed to identify yet unavailable blood biomarkers for the responsive and the hyporesponsive hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis subtypes of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). As, I, we recently discovered the intranasal neuropeptide oxytocin to reduce experimentally provoked PTSD symptoms, II, expression of its receptor (OXTR) has hitherto not been assessed in PTSD patients, and III, oxytocin and OXTR have previously been related to the HPA axis, we considered both as suitable candidates. During a Trier Social Stress Test (TSST), we compared serum oxytocin and blood OXTR mRNA concentrations between female PTSD patients, their HPA axis reactivity subtypes and sex and age-matched healthy controls (HC). Read More

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Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest volumes and characteristics during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Apr 27;48:191-197. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Indiana University, 1701 N Senate Ave, Indianapolis, IN 46202, United States.

Aim: The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted Emergency Medical Services (EMS) operations throughout the country. Some studies described variation in total volume of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) during the pandemic. We aimed to describe the changes in volume and characteristics of OHCA patients and resuscitations in one urban EMS system. Read More

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Attention bias to negative versus non-negative faces is related to negative affectivity in a transdiagnostic youth sample.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 May 1;138:514-518. Epub 2021 May 1.

Emotion and Development Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.

This study identified a shared pathophysiological mechanism of pediatric anxiety and irritability. Clinically, anxiety and irritability are common, co-occurring problems, both characterized by high-arousal negative affective states. Behaviorally, anxiety and irritability are associated with aberrant threat processing. Read More

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The impacts of egg storage time and maternal dietary vitamin E on the growth performance and antioxidant capacity of progeny chicks.

Poult Sci 2021 Mar 21;100(6):101142. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Institute of Animal Nutrition, Key Laboratory for Animal Disease-Resistance Nutrition of China Ministry of Education, Animal nutrition and feed Engineering Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 611130, China. Electronic address:

Two trials were designed to investigate the impacts of egg storage time and maternal dietary vitamin E (VE) supplementation on the growth performance and antioxidant capacity of progeny chicks. In total 512 Ross 308 broiler breeder hens (71-wk-old) were assigned to 2 dietary VE treatments (6 and 100 mg/kg) for 14 wk. Progeny chicks used in trials 1 and 2 were originated from eggs laid at week 10 (stored 0 d) and week 8 (stored 14 d), and week 14 (stored 0 d) and week 12 (stored 14 d), respectively. Read More

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Intergenerational effects of maternal growth strategies in broiler breeders.

Poult Sci 2021 Mar 12;100(6):101090. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2P5. Electronic address:

Maternal growth patterns affect broiler growth performance. The current study investigated the impact of lesser growth restriction, compared to the breeder-recommended target growth, during the prepubertal growth phase and earlier pubertal growth in breeders on their offspring growth and carcass traits. In a randomized controlled trial, a total of 40 female broiler breeders were randomly assigned to 10 unique growth trajectories with 2 levels of maternal BW gain (MW) in prepubertal phase and 5 levels of maternal pubertal growth inflection (MI) for each level of the MW. Read More

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Variation in selective constraints along the Plasmodium life cycle.

Infect Genet Evol 2021 May 8:104908. Epub 2021 May 8.

Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. Electronic address:

Plasmodium parasites, the cause of malaria, have a complex life cycle, infecting alternatively vertebrate hosts and female Anopheles mosquitoes and going through intra- and extra-cellular development in several organs of these hosts. Most of the ~5000 protein-coding genes present in Plasmodium genomes are only expressed at specific life stages, and different genes might therefore be subject to different selective pressures depending on the biological activity of the parasite and its microenvironment at this point in development. Here, we estimate the selective constraints on the protein-coding sequences of all annotated genes of rodent and primate Plasmodium parasites and, using data from scRNA-seq experiments spanning many developmental stages, analyze their variation with regard to when these genes are expressed in the parasite life cycle. Read More

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Single antigen testing to reduce early antibody-mediated rejection risk in female recipients of a spousal donor kidney.

Transpl Immunol 2021 May 8:101407. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Internal Medicine (Nephrology), Leiden University Medical Center, the Netherlands; Department of Internal Medicine, Haga Teaching Hospital, The Hague, the Netherlands.

Female recipients of a spousal donor kidney transplant are at greater risk of donor-specific pre-immunization, which may increase the risk of acute antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR). We assessed the incidence of early ABMR (within two weeks after transplantation), risk factors for ABMR and graft function in 352 complement-dependent cytotoxicity test-negative LURD transplant recipients, transplanted between 1997 and 2014 at the Leiden University Medical Center in The Netherlands. Risk factors for immunization were retrieved from the health records. Read More

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The risk factors for high-grade meningioma in brain and spine: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

World Neurosurg 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Histological grade has important implications for the management in meningioma. It is important to understand the risk of high-grade meningioma (Grade II and III). In this article, we systematically reviewed the histological grade of meningioma depending on the location and the sex, and its relationship with recurrence. Read More

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Comparative phylogenetic analysis of milk output at peak lactation.

Alexander Riek

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2021 May 8:110976. Epub 2021 May 8.

Institute of Animal Welfare and Animal Husbandry, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Dörnbergstr. 25/27, 29223 Celle, Germany. Electronic address:

A large body of literature exists on the comparative aspects of milk nutrient concentrations of numerous species. However, in the last three decades little attention has been given to the comparative aspects of quantitative milk output and the related nutrient outputs at peak lactation, one of the most energy demanding times for the lactating female. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate milk output, milk energy output (MEO) and milk nutrient outputs in mammals at peak lactation using the phylogenetic generalized least squares approach to account for the potential lack of independence among species. Read More

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Switching the proteolytic system from the ubiquitin-proteasome system to autophagy in the spinal cord of an amyotrophic lateral sclerosis mouse model.

Neuroscience 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Kita-Ku, Okayama, 700-8558, Japan. Electronic address:

The degradation of damaged proteins takes place via two major proteolytic pathways: the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) and autophagy. However, since it is unclear how these two proteolytic pathways contribute to the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), we investigated the switching mechanism from UPS to autophagy by pharmacologically modifying these pathways by treating the spinal cords of female ALS mouse model bearing G93A human SOD1 (G93A mice) with MG132 or 3-methyladenine (3MA). G93A mice exhibited a progressive increase in the amount of ubiquitin and p62 aggregates, BAG3 expression, and LC3-II/LC3-I ratio in both astroglia and motor neurons. Read More

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Leg press and chest press strength normative values by half-decades in older persons.

Exp Gerontol 2021 May 8:111401. Epub 2021 May 8.

University of Miami, Laboratory of Neuromuscular Research and Active Aging, Department of Kinesiology and Sports Sciences, Coral Gables, FL, USA; University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Center on Aging, Miami, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Evaluating muscular strength is vital to the application of effective training protocols that target quality of life and independence in older individuals. Resistance training is a valuable tool to improve functional capacity, strength, and power in this population; however, the lack of normative values for common lifts such as the leg press (LP) and chest press (CP) reduce its utility. This study developed age- and sex-specific normative strength values for older individuals. Read More

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Gender differences in food allergy depend on the PPAR γ/NF-κB in the intestines of mice.

Life Sci 2021 May 8:119606. Epub 2021 May 8.

Key Laboratory of Precision Nutrition and Food Quality, Key Laboratory of Functional Dairy, Ministry of Education, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, PR China. Electronic address:

Aims: Epidemiology shows that gender affects the incidence of food allergy. However, there is a lack of evidence of gender differences in food allergies and little is known about the mechanisms. The aim of this study was to excavate potential reasons for gender differences in food allergy based on estrogen. Read More

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Adult and adolescent C57BL/6 J and DBA/2 J mice are differentially susceptible to fear learning deficits after acute ethanol or MK-801 treatment.

Behav Brain Res 2021 May 8:113351. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Biobehavioral Health, Penn State University, 219 Biobehavioral Health Building, University Park, PA, 16801, United States. Electronic address:

Ethanol and other drugs of abuse disrupt learning and memory processes, creating problems associated with drug use and addiction. Understanding individual factors that determine susceptibility to drug-induced cognitive deficits, such as genetic background, age, and sex, is important for prevention and treatment. Comparison of adolescent and adult mice of both sexes across inbred mouse strains can reveal age, sex, and genetic contributions to phenotypes. Read More

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Risk of electrolyte disorders, syncope and falls in patients taking thiazide diuretics: results of a cross-sectional study.

Am J Med 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Internal and Emergency Medicine, Buergerspital Solothurn, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Background: Thiazide diuretics are a mainstay in the management of hypertension and often associated with dyselectrolytemias. We investigated prevalence of and risk factors for hyponatremia and hypokalemia in thiazide users, substance-specific differences and the association of thiazides with syncope and falls.

Methods: In this cross-sectional analysis all patients admitted to an interdisciplinary emergency department in Switzerland between January 1 2017 and December 31 2018 with measurements of serum sodium and potassium were included. Read More

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Subacute Thyroiditis in COVID-19 Patients.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 May 11:1455613211012114. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Internal Medicine, 209002Bahat Hosphital, Sultangazi, İstanbul, Turkey.

Objective: As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic that occurred in the last year, it has been revealed that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) does not only cause viral respiratory tract infection but can also affect many organs in the short or long term. In our study, we aimed to reveal that COVID-19 infection affects the endocrine system and triggers subacute thyroiditis (SAT) in the acute period.

Material And Method: In our retrospective study, the ear-nose-throat examination, internal diseases consultation (investigation of COVID-19 symptoms and polymerase chain reaction [PCR] test), routine blood tests, T3, T4, thyroid-stimulating hormone, antithyroglobulin (anti-TG), antithyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO), thyroid scintigraphy, and thyroid ultrasonography results of 5 patients who applied to the otorhinolaryngology clinic due to complaints of neck pain and odynophagia between April 2020 and February 2021 were examined. Read More

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Sexual Dimorphism in the Functional Development of the Cochlear Amplifier in Humans.

Ear Hear 2021 Jan 11. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

1Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Edinburg, Texas, USA 2Department of Communication Disorders, NM State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA 3Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA and 4School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Edinburg, Texas, USA.

Objectives: Otoacoustic emissions, a byproduct of active cochlear mechanisms, exhibit a higher magnitude in females than in males. The relatively higher levels of androgen exposure in the male fetus are thought to cause this difference. Postnatally, the onset of puberty is also associated with the androgen surge in males. Read More

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January 2021

Interhemispheric Auditory Cortical Synchronization in Asymmetric Hearing Loss.

Ear Hear 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA 2Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA.

Objectives: Auditory cortical activation of the two hemispheres to monaurally presented tonal stimuli has been shown to be asynchronous in normal hearing (NH) but synchronous in the extreme case of adult-onset asymmetric hearing loss (AHL) with single-sided deafness. We addressed the wide knowledge gap between these two anchoring states of interhemispheric temporal organization. The objectives of this study were as follows: (1) to map the trajectory of interhemispheric temporal reorganization from asynchrony to synchrony using magnitude of interaural threshold difference as the independent variable in a cross-sectional study and (2) to evaluate reversibility of interhemispheric synchrony in association with hearing in noise performance by amplifying the aidable poorer ear in a repeated measures, longitudinal study. Read More

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Tinnitus and Its Central Correlates: A Neuroimaging Study in a Large Aging Population.

Ear Hear 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands 2Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands 3Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands 4These authors contributed equally to the article.

Objectives: To elucidate the association between tinnitus and brain tissue volumes and white matter microstructural integrity.

Design: Two thousand six hundred sixteen participants (mean age, 65.7 years [SD: 7. Read More

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Crocin attenuates oxidative and inflammatory stress-related periodontitis in cardiac tissues in rats.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

Background: Periodontitis, a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the supporting tissues around the teeth, causes significant inflammatory and oxidative changes in cardiac tissue. Crocin is the active constituent of Crocus sativus (saffron) which has antioxidant properties and is protective against cardiovascular disturbances.

Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of crocin on periodontitis-induced oxidative/inflammatory cardiac degeneration in rats in vivo. Read More

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Genetic and non-genetic factors associated with health and vitality traits in beef calves.

J Anim Sci 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Teagasc, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland.

Awareness and interest in calf health and wellbeing is intensifying, prompting change in the management and breeding decisions of producers and associated policy-makers. The objectives of the present study were to 1) quantify the risk factors associated with subjectively-measured scores of vigour and birth size as well as diagnoses of scour and pneumonia in a large national dataset of beef calves, and 2) to estimate the contribution of genetic variance to such phenotypic measures. After edits, the data consisted of health and birth size data subjectively scored by producers on 88,207 calves born in 6,126 Irish beef herds. Read More

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Midterm Results of Primary Exeter Cemented Stem in a Select Patient Population.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Background: Most North American surgeons predominantly use uncemented stems in primary total hip arthroplasties (THAs) and reserve cemented stems for selected older patients and those with poor bone quality. However, data on this "selective use" strategy for cemented stems in the population at risk for periprosthetic fracture and implant loosening are limited. The purpose of this study was to describe implant survivorship, complications, and radiographic results of a specific collarless, polished, tapered cemented stem (Exeter; Stryker) used selectively in a predominantly elderly population undergoing primary THA. Read More

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Potential Benefits of Limited Clinical and Radiographic Follow-up After Surgical Treatment of Ankle Fractures.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev 2021 05 11;5(5). Epub 2021 May 11.

From the Geisinger Medical Center, Department of Orthopaedics, MSK Institute, Danville, PA (Dr. Friedman and Dr. Horwitz); the Universidad del Rosario, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bogota, Colombia (Dr. Sanchez); the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California Davis Health System, Sacramento, CA (Dr. Zachos); Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Lahey Hospital and Medical Center, Burlington, MA (Dr. Marcantonio); Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Beaumont Health, Royal Oak, MI (Dr. Audet); Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH (Dr. Vallier); Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN (Dr. Mullis); University of Miami, Department of Anesthesiology, Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, FL (Dr. Myers-White); Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Carolinas Medical Center, Atrium Health Musculoskeletal Institute, Charlotte, NC (Dr. Kempton); and Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Akron General Hospital, Akron, OH (Dr. Watts).

Introduction: Ankle fractures are one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal injuries, with a significant number requiring surgical treatment. Postoperative complications requiring additional interventions frequently occur during the early postoperative period. We hypothesize that there is a limited need for routine clinical and radiographic follow-up once the fracture is deemed healed. Read More

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