235 results match your criteria fatalities maryland


Estimating the impact of the mattress fire safety Standard 16 CFR Part 1633 on bed fire outcomes.

Fire Mater 2021 ;45(1)

Fire Research Division, Engineering Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland.

Beds are a prevalent combustible in fatal fires in the United States effective 1 July 2007, the US Consumer Product Safety Commission promulgated a standard to severely reduce the heat release rate and the early heat output from mattresses and foundations when ignited by a flaming ignition source. This study estimates the Standard's success over its first decade using fire incidence, US population, and mattress sales data. The technique mitigates the influence of some exogenous factors that might have changed during this decade. Read More

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January 2021

Trends in substances involved in polysubstance overdose fatalities in Maryland, USA 2003-2019.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 Jun 12;223:108700. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N. Broadway, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Background: The substances driving the overdose epidemic in the United States have changed over time. Since 2013, fentanyl-analogues have become the primary opioids driving the epidemic. Recently, polysubstance related deaths have come to the forefront of the epidemic. Read More

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Variation in predicted COVID-19 risk among lemurs and lorises.

Am J Primatol 2021 06 1;83(6):e23255. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

The Vertebrate Genomes Lab, The Rockefeller University, New York, New York, USA.

The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, which in humans leads to the disease COVID-19, has caused global disruption and more than 2 million fatalities since it first emerged in late 2019. As we write, infection rates are at their highest point globally and are rising extremely rapidly in some areas due to more infectious variants. The primary target of SARS-CoV-2 is the cellular receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2). Read More

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Foams with Enhanced Rheology for Stopping Bleeding.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Mar 22;13(12):13958-13967. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, United States.

Bleeding from injuries to the torso region is a leading cause of fatalities in the military and in young adults. Such bleeding cannot be stopped by applying direct pressure (compression) of a bandage. An alternative is to introduce a foam at the injury site, with the expansion of the foam counteracting the bleeding. Read More

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Disparities in potential years of life lost due to intimate partner violence: Data from 16 states for 2006-2015.

PLoS One 2021 17;16(2):e0246477. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Injury Prevention Research Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

Background: Intimate partner violence can lead to deaths of one or both partners and others (i.e., corollary victims). Read More

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February 2021

Variation in predicted COVID-19 risk among lemurs and lorises.

bioRxiv 2021 Feb 3. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Experimental and Health Sciences Department (DCEXS), Institut de Biologia Evolutiva, Universitat Pompeu Fabra-CSIC, Barcelona, Spain.

The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, which in humans leads to the disease COVID-19, has caused global disruption and more than 1.5 million fatalities since it first emerged in late 2019. As we write, infection rates are currently at their highest point globally and are rising extremely rapidly in some areas due to more infectious variants. Read More

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February 2021

Steroid-refractory PD-(L)1 pneumonitis: incidence, clinical features, treatment, and outcomes.

J Immunother Cancer 2021 Jan;9(1)

Oncology, Johns Hopkins Medicine Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

Background: Immune-checkpoint inhibitor (ICI)-pneumonitis that does not improve or resolve with corticosteroids and requires additional immunosuppression is termed steroid-refractory ICI-pneumonitis. Herein, we report the clinical features, management and outcomes for patients treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), infliximab, or the combination of IVIG and infliximab for steroid-refractory ICI-pneumonitis.

Methods: Patients with steroid-refractory ICI-pneumonitis were identified between January 2011 and January 2020 at a tertiary academic center. Read More

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January 2021

Fight against COVID-19 but avoid disruption of services for other communicable diseases (CDs) and noncommunicable diseases (NCDs).

Authors:
Hiroaki Mitsuya

Glob Health Med 2020 Dec;2(6):343-345

Research Institute, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

COVID-19 has been a global and grave public health threat. The number of deaths from COVID-19 has already surpassed by far that of fatalities from the top three communicable diseases (CDs): human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV) infection, tuberculosis, and malaria. The toll from COVID-19 is also inevitably surpassing hepatitis toll by the beginning of 2021. Read More

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December 2020

Epidemiology of Blast Neurotrauma: A Meta-analysis of Blast Injury Patterns in the Military and Civilian Populations.

World Neurosurg 2021 Feb 25;146:308-314.e3. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Division of Neurosurgery, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland; Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland.

Background: Mass casualty incidents (MCIs) due to bombing-related terrorism remain an omnipresent threat to our global society. The aim of this study was to elucidate differences in blast injury patterns between military and civilian victims affected by terrorist bombings.

Methods: An analysis of the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) and a PubMed literature search of casualty reports of bombing attacks from 2010-2020 was performed (main key words: blast injuries/therapy, terrorism, military personnel) with key epidemiological and injury pattern data extracted and statistically analyzed. Read More

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February 2021

Risk factors for seropositivity in the Old Order Amish.

Epidemiol Infect 2020 Nov 25;149:e89. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Department of Psychiatry, Mood and Anxiety Program, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is an important human disease-causing parasite. In the USA, T. Read More

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November 2020

Trend in ABO-incompatible RBC transfusion-related fatalities reported to the FDA, 2000-2019.

Transfusion 2020 Dec 16;60(12):2867-2875. Epub 2020 Oct 16.

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA.

Background: ABO-incompatible red blood cell (RBC) transfusions and acute hemolytic reactions occur infrequently, yet resultant fatalities are reported to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) every year. We describe a 20-year retrospective study of reported mistransfusion cases to identify temporal trends, common causes, and corrective actions taken to prevent recurrence.

Study Design And Methods: ABO-incompatible RBC transfusion-related fatalities reported to the FDA in 2000-2019 were reviewed for patient demographics, primary attributed cause, contributing factors, and corrective actions. Read More

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December 2020

Repurposing the Veterinary Antiprotozoal Drug Ronidazole for the Treatment of Clostridioides difficile Infection.

Int J Antimicrob Agents 2020 Dec 9;56(6):106188. Epub 2020 Oct 9.

Department of Comparative Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA; Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, 24061, USA. Electronic address:

Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) is a principal cause of hospital-acquired infections and fatalities worldwide. The need for new, more potent anticlostridial agents is far from being met. Drug repurposing can be utilized as a rapid and cost-efficient method of drug development. Read More

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December 2020

Nontraumatic Exertional Fatalities in Football Players, Part 2: Excess in Conditioning Kills.

Orthop J Sports Med 2020 Aug 20;8(8):2325967120943491. Epub 2020 Aug 20.

Department of Athletics, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA.

Background: The incidence of nontraumatic fatalities in high school (HS) and National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) football players has continued at a constant rate since the 1960s.

Purpose: To describe the causes of nontraumatic fatalities in HS and NCAA football players and provide prevention strategies.

Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Read More

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Nontraumatic Exertional Fatalities in Football Players, Part 1: Epidemiology and Effectiveness of National Collegiate Athletic Association Bylaws.

Orthop J Sports Med 2020 Aug 19;8(8):2325967120942490. Epub 2020 Aug 19.

Department of Athletics, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA.

Background: Football has the highest number of nontraumatic fatalities of any sport in the United States.

Purpose: To compare the incidence of nontraumatic fatalities with that of traumatic fatalities, describe the epidemiology of nontraumatic fatalities in high school (HS) and college football players, and determine the effectiveness of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) policies to reduce exertional heat stroke (EHS) and exertional sickling (ES) with sickle cell trait (SCT) fatalities in athletes.

Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Read More

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Population-level COVID-19 mortality risk for non-elderly individuals overall and for non-elderly individuals without underlying diseases in pandemic epicenters.

Environ Res 2020 09 1;188:109890. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Objective: To provide estimates of the relative rate of COVID-19 death in people <65 years old versus older individuals in the general population, the absolute risk of COVID-19 death at the population level during the first epidemic wave, and the proportion of COVID-19 deaths in non-elderly people without underlying diseases in epicenters of the pandemic.

Eligible Data: Cross-sectional survey of countries and US states with at least 800 COVID-19 deaths as of April 24, 2020 and with information on the number of deaths in people with age <65. Data were available for 14 countries (Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, Mexico, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK) and 13 US states (California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania). Read More

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September 2020

The relationships between correct helmet use, enforcement presence, and mortality in a Latin-America city: The case study of Bogotá, Colombia.

Traffic Inj Prev 2020 21;21(7):500-505. Epub 2020 Aug 21.

Department of Global Health, The Milken Institute School of Public Health, Washington, DC, USA.

Objective: In Bogotá, Colombia, motorcyclists represent a concern as the proportion of motorcycle users between 2013 and 2018 has increased from 18% to 35%. Despite available risk reduction strategies, the fatality rates are also growing, notably in young adults (15-29 years old). This study aims at identifying correct helmet use patterns and its relationship with official records of injuries and casualties in the city over time. Read More

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Living in a Multi-Risk Chaotic Condition: Pandemic, Natural Hazards and Complex Emergencies.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 08 5;17(16). Epub 2020 Aug 5.

College of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA.

Humans are living in an uncertain world, with daily risks confronting them from various low to high hazard events, and the COVID-19 pandemic has created its own set of unique risks. Not only has it caused a significant number of fatalities, but in combination with other hazard sources, it may pose a considerably higher multi-risk. In this paper, three hazardous events are studied through the lens of a concurring pandemic. Read More

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The Economic Implications of COVID-19 in the United States.

S D Med 2020 05;73(5):218-222

Department of Internal Medicine, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center.

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) first reported in Wuhan, China, in 2019 has evolved into a pandemic and public health emergency, leading to extensive fatalities and halting global economies. Older adults have emerged as a critically vulnerable population as earlier data suggests a disproportionately increased incidence of COVID-19 in this population, as well as worse health outcomes. Disease attenuating behaviors such as social distancing has been encouraged and mandated across different countries leading to downstream economic ramifications. Read More

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Reducing Impaired Driving Fatalities: Data Need to Drive Testing, Enforcement, and Policy.

JAMA Intern Med 2020 08;180(8):1068-1069

Center for Injury Research and Policy, Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.

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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): strengthening our resolve to achieve universal palliative care.

Int Nurs Rev 2020 Jun 4;67(2):160-163. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

In this paper, we strongly advocate for universal palliative care access during the COVID-19 pandemic. The delivery of universal palliative care services has been called for by leading global health organizations and experts. Nurses are critical to realizing this goal. Read More

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An analysis of fatal iatrogenic therapeutic errors reported to United States poison centers.

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2021 Jan 28;59(1):53-60. Epub 2020 May 28.

Maryland Poison Center, Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Objective: This is a descriptive study evaluating fatal iatrogenic and in-hospital medication errors reported to United States poison centers.

Methods: A retrospective evaluation of the National Poison Data System from 2000-2017 of all therapeutic errors with a scenario coded as iatrogenic/healthcare professional or occurring in a healthcare facility. Death abstracts were reviewed for details of the exposure and therapeutic error scenarios were recoded or added to the case as appropriate. Read More

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January 2021

United States Special Operations Command fatality study of subcommands, units, and trends.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2020 08;89(2S Suppl 2):S213-S224

From the Defense Health Agency (R.S.K., E.L.M., J.T.H., J.C.J., H.R.M., F.K.B., J.M.G., S.A.S.), Joint Trauma System, Joint Base San Antonio-Fort Sam Houston, Texas; Military and Emergency Medicine (R.S.K., F.K.B.), Department of Pathology (E.L.M.), Department of Radiology (H.T.H.), Department of Surgery (J.M.G., S.A.S.), Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, Maryland; College of Medicine (R.S.K.), Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas; Defense Health Agency (E.L.M., H.T.H.), Armed Forces Medical Examiner System, Dover Air Force Base, Delaware; United States Army Institute of Surgical Research (J.M.G.), Joint Base San Antonio-Fort Sam Houston, Texas; Department of Surgery (J.B.H.), University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama; Department of Public Health (J.T.H.), Department of Surgery (B.J.E.), University of Texas, San Antonio, Texas.

Background: Death from injury occurs predominantly in prehospital settings. Injury prevention and prehospital care of military forces is the responsibility of combatant commanders. Medical examiner and trauma systems should routinely study fatalities and inform commanders of mortality trends. Read More

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Mortality review of US Special Operations Command battle-injured fatalities.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2020 05;88(5):686-695

From the Defense Health Agency (E.L.M., R.S.K., J.C.J., J.T.H., H.R.M., F.K.B., J.M.G., S.A.S.), Joint Trauma System, Joint Base San Antonio-Fort Sam Houston, Texas; Uniformed Services University (E.L.M., R.S.K., H.T.H., F.K.B., J.M.G., S.A.S.), Bethesda, Maryland; College of Medicine, Texas A&M University (R.S.K.), College Station, Texas; Defense Health Agency, Armed Forces Medical Examiner System (E.L.M., H.T.H.), Dover Air Force Base, Delaware; United States Army Institute of Surgical Research (J.M.G.), Joint Base San Antonio-Fort Sam Houston, Texas; Department of Surgery, University of Alabama (J.B.H.), Birmingham, Alabama; Department of Surgery, University of Texas (J.B.H., B.J.E.), San Antonio, Texas.

Background: Comprehensive analyses of battle-injured fatalities, incorporating a multidisciplinary process with a standardized lexicon, is necessary to elucidate opportunities for improvement (OFIs) to increase survivability.

Methods: A mortality review was conducted on United States Special Operations Command battle-injured fatalities who died from September 11, 2001, to September 10, 2018. Fatalities were analyzed by demographics, operational posture, mechanism of injury, cause of death, mechanism of death (MOD), classification of death, and injury severity. Read More

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Vehicle safety features aimed at preventing alcohol-related crashes.

Authors:
R B Voas

Forensic Sci Rev 2020 Jan;32(1):55-81

Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America.

This review focuses on the role of motor vehicles in the prevention of alcohol-related fatalities in the United States. Since alcohol significantly affects brain function, it is natural to make drivers the prime targets for impaired-driving-prevention programs. However, the prevalence, design, ease of operation, and safety features of motor vehicles, as well as state regulations of their operation, have an important influence on crash occurrences, particularly those involving alcohol. Read More

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January 2020

A classic and fatal case of subacute bacterial endocarditis; A now potentially underappreciated disease.

Authors:
S A Schmalzle

IDCases 2020 11;19:e00701. Epub 2020 Jan 11.

University of Maryland Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease. 22 South Greene St, Baltimore MD 21201, United States.

Acute bacterial endocarditis is now common and easily suspected and recognized in the setting of prosthetic valves, injection drug use, or bacteremia with virulent organisms. Conversely, subacute bacterial endocarditis has drastically decreased in incidence, and recognition may be further hampered by the indolent non-specific presentation. Delayed diagnosis is common and can lead to serious complications and fatalities. Read More

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January 2020

Socioeconomic risk factors for fatal opioid overdoses in the United States: Findings from the Mortality Disparities in American Communities Study (MDAC).

PLoS One 2020 17;15(1):e0227966. Epub 2020 Jan 17.

Division of Epidemiology, Services, and Prevention Research, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America.

Background: Understanding relationships between individual-level demographic, socioeconomic status (SES) and U.S. opioid fatalities can inform interventions in response to this crisis. Read More

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