1,492 results match your criteria farmers investigated

Adaptation to perennial flooding and food insecurity in the Sudan savannah agroecological zone of Ghana.

Environ Res 2022 Aug 8;214(Pt 3):114037. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Geography and Resource Development, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana.

Flooding is one of the most destructive climatic hazards which has affected agricultural activities in the world, especially Sub-Saharan Africa. This article investigated the impact of the recurrent annual floods on food production and how subsistent farmers have adapted to resultant food insecurity in the Sudan Savannah agroecological zone of Ghana. The specific objectives of the study were to understand the nature of flooding (frequency, period and extent of coverage of flood water), how the perennial floods contribute to food insecurity, how farmers adapt to it to contribute towards policy development on flood control and improve food security. Read More

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Differential response of bacterial diversity and community composition to different tree ages of pomelo under red and paddy soils.

Front Microbiol 2022 22;13:958788. Epub 2022 Jul 22.

College of Resources and Environment/International Magnesium Institute, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, China.

Rhizosphere soil microbial communities substantially impact plant growth by regulating the nutrient cycle. However, dynamic changes in soil microbiota under different tree ages have received little attention. In this study, changes in soil physicochemical properties, as well as bacterial diversity and community structures (by high-throughput Illumina MiSeq sequencing), were explored in pomelo trees of different ages (i. Read More

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Impact of the participation of rural households in the appraisal on poor households' identification.

PLoS One 2022 5;17(8):e0272519. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

China Academy for Rural Development, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Developing countries have common goals of poverty eradication and improving people's livelihoods. As the largest developing country, China has made remarkable achievements in poverty alleviation during the 30 years of reform. Although a targeted poverty alleviation mechanism was established by the Chinese government in 2013, the identification of poor households has been an arduous journey. Read More

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[The prevalence of HIV, hepatitis C virus and syphilis and related factors among cross-border couples in Mangshi county, Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan province from 2017 to 2019].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 Aug;56(8):1101-1106

National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China.

To understand the prevalence of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV) and syphilis and related factors among cross-border couples in Mangshi county, Dehong autonomous prefecture, Yunnan province. From May, 2017 to April, 2019, 2 500 couples with 5 000 cross-border marriages were selected by using cluster sampling method. The demographic characteristics, AIDS-related health services, HIV, HCV, syphilis infection and other information were collected through questionnaires and laboratory tests. Read More

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Parental occupational exposure to combustion products, metals, silica and asbestos and risk of childhood leukaemia: Findings from the Childhood Cancer and Leukaemia International Consortium (CLIC).

Environ Int 2022 Jul 20;167:107409. Epub 2022 Jul 20.

Environment and Lifestyle Epidemiology Branch, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/WHO), 150 Cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon, France.

Parental occupational exposures around conception (father) or during pregnancy (mother) have been hypothesized as potential predisposing factors for childhood leukaemia. We investigated parental exposure to several known occupational carcinogens and childhood leukaemia risk. We conducted a pooled analysis using case-control data from four European countries (3362 childhood leukemia cases and 6268 controls). Read More

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Feed efficiency of lactating Holstein cows is repeatable within diet but less reproducible when changing dietary starch and forage concentrations.

Animal 2022 Jul 27;16(8):100599. Epub 2022 Jul 27.

U.S. Dairy Forage Research Center, USDA-Agricultural Research Service, Madison, WI 53706, USA. Electronic address:

Improving feed efficiency has become an important target for dairy farmers to produce more milk with fewer feed resources. With decreasing availability of arable land to produce feeds that are edible for human consumption, it will be important to increase the proportion of feeds in the diets for dairy cattle that are less edible for human consumption. The current research analyzed the ability of lactating dairy cows to maintain their feed efficiency when switching between a high starch diet (HS diet: 27% starch, 29% NDF, 47. Read More

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Carriage of Plasmid-Mediated Colistin Resistance-1-Positive Escherichia coli in Humans, Animals, and Environment on Farms in Vietnam.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2022 07 13;107(1):65-71. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Plasmid-Mediated Colistin Resistance 1 (mcr-1) was first reported in 2015 and is a great concern to human health. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of mcr-1 and mcr-1-positive Escherichia coli (MCRPEC) and the association in infection status among various reservoirs connected to livestock. The study was conducted in 70 poultry and swine farms in a commune in Ha Nam province, northern Vietnam. Read More

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Fumigant Activity of Ethyl Formate against the Chestnut Weevil, Heller.

Insects 2022 Jul 14;13(7). Epub 2022 Jul 14.

Forest Entomology and Pathology Division, National Institute of Forest Science, Seoul 02455, Korea.

Siebold & Zucc. (Fagales: Fagaceae), a species of chestnut native to Korea and Japan, is distributed in Korea, Japan, and northeastern China, where chestnuts are a major economic agroforest product. spp. Read More

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Plant-Rich Field Margins Influence Natural Predators of Aphids More Than Intercropping in Common Bean.

Insects 2022 Jun 23;13(7). Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, UK.

Field margins support important ecosystem services including natural pest regulation. We investigated the influence of field margins on the spatial and temporal distribution of natural enemies (NEs) of bean pests in smallholder farming systems. We sampled NEs from high and low plant diversity bean fields using sweep netting and coloured sticky traps, comparing monocropped and intercropped farms. Read More

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Does Adoption of Honeybee Pollination Promote the Economic Value of Kiwifruit Farmers? Evidence from China.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jul 7;19(14). Epub 2022 Jul 7.

College of Management, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China.

Honeybee pollination plays a significant role in sustaining the balance and biodiversity of sustainable rural development, agricultural production, and environments. However, little research has been carried out on the agricultural and economic benefits of pollination, especially for small farmers. This study investigated the adoption of honeybee pollination and its impact on farmers' economic value using primary data from 186 kiwifruit farmers in three major producing districts, such as Pujiang, Cangxi, and Dujiangyan, in the Sichuan province of China. Read More

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Seroprevalence of vector-borne pathogens in outdoor workers from southern Italy and associated occupational risk factors.

Parasit Vectors 2022 Jul 25;15(1):264. Epub 2022 Jul 25.

Interdisciplinary Department of Medicine, University of Bari, Bari, Italy.

Background: Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) represent an emerging global threat to public health due to the geographical expansion of arthropod vectors. The study aims to assess the seroprevalence of selected vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) in different groups of outdoor workers and the occupational risk factors for exposure to arthropod bites.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 170 workers recruited in two different regions of southern Italy, including farmers, forestry workers, veterinarians, geologists/agronomists and administrative employees, and tested for IgG antibodies against Bartonella henselae, Borrelia spp. Read More

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Randomized clinical trial investigating the effect of exercise and standing on concrete prior to first calving on time to first lameness event in dairy heifers.

J Dairy Sci 2022 Jul 22. Epub 2022 Jul 22.

School of Veterinary Science, Massey University, Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North, 4474, New Zealand.

This controlled clinical trial investigated if an intervention immediately before the first calving event could reduce lameness incidence in pasture-based dairy heifers. Seven hundred ninety heifers across 6 farms in the Waikato region of New Zealand were randomly enrolled into treatment or control groups at a ratio of 1:1. The treatment consisted of heifers walking approximately 1 km from pasture along the farm race, standing on concrete for one hour, and then walking back to their paddock. Read More

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Farmers' perceptions of climate change in Lower Mustang, Nepal.

Environ Monit Assess 2022 Jul 22;194(9):606. Epub 2022 Jul 22.

Department of Environmental Planning, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Climate change has become one of the highlighted issues of the world, resulting in vulnerability and adverse effects on livelihoods. It leads to an undeniable challenge for policymakers, the government, and other respective associations to formulate effective strategies; however, before formulating any coping, adaptation, or mitigation strategies, understanding the reality and perception of local people is crucial. This study investigated whether local farmers inhabiting Lower Mustang are aware of climatic change. Read More

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Connecting nutritional facts with the traditional ranking of ethnobotanically used fodder grasses by local farmers in Central Punjab of Pakistan.

Sci Rep 2022 Jul 19;12(1):12299. Epub 2022 Jul 19.

Department of Botany, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Okara, Okara, 56130, Pakistan.

The local farmers of Central Punjab, Pakistan have been using indigenous grasses as vital components of ruminant diets, but little is reported about their nutritional potential. Hence this study investigated nutritive potential of a selection of ethnobotanically important fodder grasses. Multiple nutritional parameters (proximate components, fibre fractions), secondary metabolites (phenolics, tannins) and in vitro digestibility values were determined. Read More

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Modelling livestock infectious disease control policy under differing social perspectives on vaccination behaviour.

PLoS Comput Biol 2022 07 14;18(7):e1010235. Epub 2022 Jul 14.

The Zeeman Institute for Systems Biology and Infectious Disease Epidemiology Research, School of Life Sciences and Mathematics Institute, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.

The spread of infection amongst livestock depends not only on the traits of the pathogen and the livestock themselves, but also on the veterinary health behaviours of farmers and how this impacts their implementation of disease control measures. Controls that are costly may make it beneficial for individuals to rely on the protection offered by others, though that may be sub-optimal for the population. Failing to account for socio-behavioural properties may produce a substantial layer of bias in infectious disease models. Read More

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Field Comparison of Removed Substrate Sampling and Emergence Traps for Estimating Culicoides Orbivirus Vectors in Northern Florida.

J Med Entomol 2022 Jul 8. Epub 2022 Jul 8.

University of Florida IFAS, Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory, 200 9th Street SE, Vero Beach, FL 32962, USA.

The larval ecology of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) influences their spatial distributions and the pathogens they transmit. These features are of special concern for deer farmers in Florida where epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) is a major source of mortality in captive herds. Rarity of larval morphological expertise leads many researchers to study larval ecology by quantifying emergence, either with field emergence traps or removing substrate from the field for observation under laboratory conditions. Read More

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Veterinarian perceptions on the care of surplus dairy calves.

J Dairy Sci 2022 Aug 2;105(8):6870-6879. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z6, Canada. Electronic address:

Both male and female calves that are not required in the dairy herd sometimes receive inadequate care on dairy farms. Veterinarians work with farmers to improve animal care, and farmers often view veterinarians as trusted advisors; however, little is known about the attitudes of veterinarians on surplus calves. This study investigated the perspectives of Canadian cattle veterinarians on the care and management of surplus calves, as well as how they view their role in improving care. Read More

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Optimization of industrial (3000 L) production of Bacillus subtilis CW-S and its novel application for minituber and industrial-grade potato cultivation.

Sci Rep 2022 Jul 1;12(1):11153. Epub 2022 Jul 1.

Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Biotechnology and Natural Resource, Chung-Ang University, Anseong, Gyeonggi-do, 17546, Republic of Korea.

A commercial plant probiotic product was developed employing Bacillus subtilis CW-S in submerged fermentation. The effects of molasses and urea on cell growth were investigated with the goal of low-cost manufacturing. Plackett-Burman and Central-Composite Design (CCD) were utilized to optimize production parameters to maximize productivity. Read More

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Prevalence of major nematodes and human factors that affect infection in the zebra dove in a closed cage system.

Vet World 2022 May 19;15(5):1208-1214. Epub 2022 May 19.

WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Control of Opisthorchiasis (Southeast Asian Liver Fluke Disease), Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Background And Aim: Roundworms cause infections in the avian population that lead to illness and poor production. The singing zebra dove is an economically important animal in the Indo-Malay region. The prevalence of these parasitic groups in zebra doves is unknown. Read More

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Association between breeding bulls' reactivity to humans or handling and their daily behaviour and growth.

Animal 2022 Jul 24;16(7):100568. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Université Clermont-Auvergne, INRAE, VetAgro Sup, UMR Herbivores, Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France. Electronic address:

In beef cattle, reactivity to humans or handling by humans is considered a safety issue for farmers and to impact on productivity. Several testing procedures, associated with potential risks for both humans and animals, have been developed, involving simple human approach, free animals individually handled, or restraint in handling facilities. We investigated how such tests may be related to each other and which dimensions they reveal. Read More

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Evidence of geoelectrical resistivity values on groundwater conditions in Wadi El Natrun and its vicinities, West Delta, Egypt (cases studies).

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 24;12(1):10745. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Geophysical Exploration Department, Desert Research Center, Matariya, Cairo, Egypt.

Recently, Wadi El Natrun and its surroundings have witnessed intensive investments in land reclamation, including the arbitrary drilling of hundreds of groundwater wells. Currently, serious hydrogeological and environmental problems have been addressed, such as groundwater quality degradation and water head drop. Electrical resistivity measurements were performed at six locations across the study area to assess its ability to reveal the heterogeneous subsurface stratigraphic and hydrogeological setting of groundwater aquifer(s). Read More

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Tillage Promotes the Migration and Coexistence of Bacteria Communities from an Agro-Pastoral Ecotone of Tibet.

Microorganisms 2022 Jun 13;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Key Laboratory of Aquatic Botany and Watershed Ecology, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, China.

In the Tibetan agro-pastoral ecotone, which has an altitude of 4000 m above sea level, small-scale cropland tillage has been exploited on the grassland surrounding the houses of farmers and herdsmen. However, knowledge of the effects of land change from grassland to cropland on soil nutrients and microbial communities is poor. Here, we investigated the structure and assembly mechanism of bacterial communities in cropland (tillage) and grassland (non-tillage) from an agro-pastoral ecotone of Tibet. Read More

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Can Land Policy Promote Farmers' Subjective Well-Being? A Study on Withdrawal from Rural Homesteads in Jinjiang, China.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 06 16;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Public Administration, Law School, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China.

Urbanization and aging populations are threatening the sustainability of rural development around the world. Improving the happiness of rural residents is closely related not only to rural development but also to the harmony and stability of a country. Sustainable development has become an important strategy for China's rural areas. Read More

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IRW (Isoleucine-Arginine-Tryptophan) Improves Glucose Tolerance in High Fat Diet Fed C57BL/6 Mice via Activation of Insulin Signaling and AMPK Pathways in Skeletal Muscle.

Biomedicines 2022 May 26;10(6). Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Agricultural Food & Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2P5, Canada.

IRW (Isoleucine-Arginine-Tryptophan), has antihypertensive and anti-inflammatory properties in cells and animal models and prevents angiotensin-II- and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced insulin resistance (IR) in vitro. We investigated the effects of IRW on body composition, glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity in a high-fat diet (HFD) induced insulin resistant (IR) model. C57BL/6 mice were fed HFD for 6 weeks, after which IRW was incorporated into the diet (45 or 15 mg/kg body weight (BW)) until week 14. Read More

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Understanding the contribution of soybean crop residues inoculated with Bradyrhizobium spp. and not harvested on nitrogen supply in off-season corn cultivars.

PLoS One 2022 22;17(6):e0269799. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Biology, Laboratory for Molecular Plant Physiology and Biotechnology, University of Antwerp, Antwerpen, Belgium.

Excessive rainfall in the soybean preharvest period can make mechanized crop harvesting technically and economically unfeasible, causing 100% losses in soybean grain yield. An alternative to reduce the economic losses of farmers would be using unharvested soybean crop residues as a source of nitrogen (N) for the subsequent corn crop. However, a question that still needs to be understood is whether the amount of N released from unharvested soybean residues (straw and grains) is sufficient to meet all the nutritional demand for this nutrient in the off-season corn. Read More

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Growth rates of contract-reared versus home-reared replacement dairy heifers.

Animal 2022 Jul 17;16(7):100570. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Teagasc, Animal and Bioscience Research Department, Dairy Production Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co Cork P61P302, Ireland. Electronic address:

Successful heifer rearing is dependent on achieving optimal average daily gain (ADG) targets to calve for the first time at 24 months. Whilst dairy farmers internationally have traditionally managed their heifers on-farm to achieve these targets, recent dairy herd expansion within Europe has resulted in increased demand for labour-saving heifer-rearing strategies, such as off-farm contractrearing. However, loss of direct influence on the day-to-day management decisions affecting the ability of heifers to grow adequately to achieve this age of first calving may represent a potential barrier to uptake. Read More

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Why Do People Who Belong to the Same Clan Engage in the Same Entrepreneurial Activities?-A Case Study on the Influence of Clan Networks on the Content of Farmers' Entrepreneurship.

Front Psychol 2022 2;13:873583. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

College of Business Administration, Fujian Business University, Fuzhou, China.

Farmers' entrepreneurship is a powerful breakthrough for solving the problems associated with "agriculture, rural areas and farmers." Although studies have commonly used the same entrepreneurial activities to analyze farmers' entrepreneurship, its deep economic roots have rarely been investigated. Investigating the internal development mechanism within the same industry is helpful for understanding farmers' entrepreneurship motivation and decision making and is an important point at which to implement regional research and enrich the overall research on farmers' entrepreneurship in the Chinese context. Read More

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Effects of agricultural pesticides on the susceptibility and fitness of malaria vectors in rural south-eastern Tanzania.

Parasit Vectors 2022 Jun 16;15(1):213. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Environmental Health and Ecological Science Department, Ifakara Health Institute, P.O. Box 53, Ifakara, Tanzania.

Background: Agricultural pesticides may exert strong selection pressures on malaria vectors during the aquatic life stages and may contribute to resistance in adult mosquitoes. This could reduce the performance of key vector control interventions such as indoor-residual spraying and insecticide-treated nets. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of agrochemicals on susceptibility and fitness of the malaria vectors across farming areas in Tanzania. Read More

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A model-based evaluation of farmers' income variability under climate change (case study: autumn crops in Iran).

Braz J Biol 2022 10;84:e261997. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Islamic Azad University, Department of Agricultural Economic, Qaemshahr, Mazandaran, Iran.

The study strives to analyze the potential variations of farmers' income under climate change by using Ricardian approach. The case study was Mazandaran province of Iran and three autumn crops, i.e. Read More

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Agricultural Injuries: Risk Factors and Severity by Affected Body Part Among US (Midwest) Farmers.

J Agromedicine 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Environmental, Agricultural and Occupational Health, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 984388 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Objectives: : Statistics from the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics indicate that agriculture consistently ranks as the most hazardous industry in the US. To identify specific targets for prevention, we investigated injury risk factor profiles separately for each injured body site. We also characterized the severity of agricultural injuries by injured body site using the type of medical care and lost work time due to injury. Read More

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