2,334 results match your criteria farm origin

Pan-Genome Portrait of Bacillus mycoides Provides Insights into the Species Ecology and Evolution.

Microbiol Spectr 2021 Jul 21:e0031121. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.

Bacillus mycoides is poorly known despite its frequent occurrence in a wide variety of environments. To provide direct insight into its ecology and evolutionary history, a comparative investigation of the species pan-genome and the functional gene categorization of 35 isolates obtained from soil samples from northeastern Poland was performed. The pan-genome of these isolates is composed of 20,175 genes and is characterized by a strong predominance of adaptive genes (∼83%), a significant amount of plasmid genes (∼37%), and a great contribution of prophages and insertion sequences. Read More

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Appropriate sampling methods and statistics can tell apart fraud from pesticide drift in organic farming.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 20;11(1):14776. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

CERES GmbH, Vorderhaslach 1, 91230, Happurg, Germany.

Pesticide residues are much lower in organic than in conventional food. The article summarizes the available residue data from the EU and the U.S. Read More

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High-Throughput Quantitation of Key Cocoa Tastants by Means of Ultra-High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry and Application to a Global Sample Set.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Chair of Food Chemistry and Molecular Sensory Science, Technical University of Munich, Lise-Meitner-Str. 34, D-85354 Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany.

Historically often described as the food of gods, cocoa-based products exhibit a pleasant aroma as well as a desirable astringent, bitter, and sour taste, which results in a high consumer preference. The key taste components of cocoa were identified and characterized by combining sensory analysis, fractionation, and structure elucidation. Cocoa astringency is driven by -phenylpropenoyl-l-amino acids, polyphenol glycosides, and flavan-3-ols, while the latter compound class also contributes to bitterness. Read More

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SNP-Based Genotyping Provides Insight Into the West Asian Origin of Russian Local Goats.

Front Genet 2021 1;12:708740. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

L.K. Ernst Federal Science Center for Animal Husbandry, Podolsk, Russia.

Specific local environmental and sociocultural conditions have led to the creation of various goat populations in Russia. National goat diversity includes breeds that have been selected for down and mohair production traits as well as versatile local breeds for which pastoralism is the main management system. Effective preservation and breeding programs for local goat breeds are missing due to the lack of DNA-based data. Read More

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Post-genotyping optimization of dataset formation could affect genetic diversity parameters: an example of analyses with alpine goat breeds.

BMC Genomics 2021 Jul 17;22(1):546. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Animal science, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Background: Local breeds retained unique genetic variability important for adaptive potential especially in light of challenges related to climate change. Our first objective was to perform, for the first time, a genome-wide diversity characterization using Illumina GoatSNP50 BeadChip of autochthonous Drežnica goat breed from Slovenia, and five and one local breeds from neighboring Austria and Italy, respectively. For optimal conservation and breeding programs of endangered local breeds, it is important to detect past admixture events and strive for preservation of purebred representatives of each breed with low or without admixture. Read More

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Isolation and characterization of a new goose orthoreovirus causing liver and spleen focal necrosis in geese, China.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou, 510640, China.

Since July 2020, an infectious disease characterized by liver and spleen white focal necrosis has spreading widely through geese farms in many regions of China. A novel goose orthoreovirus (GRV), designated GRV-GD2020, was isolated from the liver and spleen of dead geese. Phylogenetic analysis and Sequence comparison revealed that all the genes of GRV-GD2020 clustered with other waterfowl-origin orthoreovirus. Read More

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Comparative genomics of bovine mastitis-origin Staphylococcus aureus strains classified into prevalent human genotypes.

Res Vet Sci 2021 Jul 7;139:67-77. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Laboratory of Poultry Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; The Research Institute for Veterinary Science, College of Veterinary Medicine and BK21 for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Humans may serve as a reservoir host of Staphylococcus aureus, resulting in transmission to animals. Previously, we used RNA polymerase beta subunit gene (rpoB)-based genotyping and classified S. aureus strains into rpoB sequence types (RSTs). Read More

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Human disturbance drives loss of soil organic matter and changes its stability and sources in mangroves.

Environ Res 2021 Jul 10;202:111663. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Ondina, Salvador, Bahia, 40170-115, Brazil.

Mangrove soils with high organic carbon (C) content are likely to contain C that is vulnerable to remineralization during land use changes. Mangrove conversion to different land uses might deplete soil C stocks causing variable carbon dioxide emissions, but the extent of these emissions and the fraction of soil C (i.e. Read More

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IS Is Responsible for the Evolution and Transmission of -Harboring Plasmids in Escherichia coli of Poultry Origin in China.

mSystems 2021 Jul 13:e0064621. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Veterinary Pharmaceutics Development and Safety Evaluation, College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China.

Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae are some of the most important pathogens responsible for nosocomial infections, which can be challenging to treat. The carbapenemase genes, which are expressed by New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM)-producing Escherichia coli isolates, have been found in humans, environmental samples, and multiple other sources worldwide. Importantly, these genes have also been found in farm animals, which are considered an NDM reservoir and an important source of human infections. Read More

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Both sampling seasonality and geographic origin contribute significantly to variations in raw milk microbiota, but sampling seasonality is the more determining factor.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Jul 9. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Beijing Engineering Technology Research Center of Raw Milk Quality and Safety Control, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China. Electronic address:

Accurately profiling and characterizing factors shaping raw milk microbiota would provide practical information for detecting microbial contamination and unusual changes in milk. The current work was an observational study aiming to profile the microbiota of raw milk collected across wide geographic regions in China in different seasons and to investigate the contribution of geographical, seasonal, and environmental factors in shaping the raw milk microbiota. A total of 355 raw cow milk samples from healthy Holsteins and 41 environmental samples (farm soil and surface of milking room floor) were collected from 5 dairy farms in 5 Chinese provinces (namely, Daqing in Heilongjiang province, Jiaozuo in Henan province, Qingyuan in Guangdong province, Suqian in Jiangsu province, and Yinchuan in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region) in January, May, and September 2018. Read More

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Prevalence and Characteristics of spp. from a Pig Farm in Shanghai, China.

Foodborne Pathog Dis 2021 Jul;18(7):477-488

Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China.

spp. is a major foodborne pathogen that is distributed among most pork production chains worldwide. This study aimed to investigate the dynamic changes in spp. Read More

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Molecular investigation and phylogeny of Theileria spp. from naturally infected sheep and the first report of Theileria sp. OT3 in Sulaymaniyah governorate/Iraq.

Pol J Vet Sci 2021 Jun;24(2):201-209

Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Madame Mitterrand, Sulaymaniyah 46001, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

Theileriosis is a significant hemoprotozoal disease of domestic and wild ruminants in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Ovines are mainly infected by T. ovis and T. Read More

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Environmental Contamination of Free-range Hen with Dioxin.

J Vet Res 2021 Jun 23;65(2):225-229. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Radiobiology, National Veterinary Research Institute, 24-100 Pulawy, Poland.

Introduction: The transfer of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from a contaminated environment into the food chain is a serious consumer safety problem. As part of the Polish National Surveillance Program of PCDD/Fs and PCBs in food of animal origin, a concentration of PCDD/Fs of 4.61 ± 0. Read More

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Analysis of environmental dust in goat and sheep farms to assess Coxiella burnetii infection in a Q fever endemic area: Geographical distribution, relationship with human cases and genotypes.

Zoonoses Public Health 2021 Jul 8. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Animal Health, NEIKER-Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development, Basque Research and Technology Alliance (BRTA), Derio, Spain.

Real-time PCR analysis of environmental samples (dust and aerosols) is an easy tool to investigate the presence of Coxiella burnetii in the farm environment. The aim of this study was to assess the distribution of C. burnetii DNA in dust collected inside animal premises from 272 small ruminant farms in Bizkaia (northern Spain), a region with recent reports of human Q fever cases and outbreaks. Read More

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Isotope partitioning between cow milk and farm water: a tool for verification of milk provenance.

Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 2021 Jul 7:e9160. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences, and Environmental Sustainability, University of Parma, Parma, (Italy).

Rationale: The oxygen and hydrogen isotope composition of the water component of the milk from nine Italian dairy farms were studied together with the farm water for one year. The aim was to verify the importance of farm water and seasonal temperature variation on milk isotope values and propose mathematical relations as new tools to identify the milk origin.

Methods: Milk was centrifuged to separate the solids and then distilled under a vacuum to separate water. Read More

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The effects of simulated transport on the muscle characteristics of white-feathered end-of-cycle hens.

Poult Sci 2021 May 23;100(8):101280. Epub 2021 May 23.

Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, S7N 5A8. Electronic address:

Transportation of end-of-cycle hens (EOCH) may result in birds' experiencing metabolic stress, which changes muscle characteristics. This study evaluated the impacts of simulated transport on muscle characteristics of white-feathered EOCH (65-70 wk). The factorial arrangement included treatments of T/RH (-10°C uncontrolled RH [-10], 21°C with 30 [21/30] or 80% RH [21/80], 30°C with 30 [30/30] or 80% RH [30/80]), duration (4, 8, 12 h), and feather cover (105 well-feathered [WF], 105 poorly-feathered [PF]). Read More

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Effect of farm and animal-level factors on youngstock mortality and growth on calf rearing farms.

Prev Vet Med 2021 Aug 24;193:105416. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Production Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Paroninkuja 20, FI-04920, Saarentaus, Finland; Department of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Helsinki, Koetilantie 5, FI-00790, Helsinki, Finland.

Both calf mortality and daily weight gain have a crucial impact on profitability of calf rearing farms. In addition, high calf mortality rates represent an animal welfare problem. Mortality rates on calf rearing farms have been reported in several studies in different countries, but scant data regarding daily weight gain of the calves are available. Read More

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Microbial metagenomic approach uncovers the first rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus genome in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 1;11(1):13689. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Redeemer's University, Ede, Nigeria.

Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease (RHD) causes high morbidity and mortality in rabbits and hares. Here, we report the first genomic characterization of lagovirus GI.2 virus in domestic rabbits from sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

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Virus Adaptation Following Experimental Infection of Chickens with a Domestic Duck Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza Isolate from the 2017 USA H7N9 Outbreak Identifies Polymorphic Mutations in Multiple Gene Segments.

Viruses 2021 Jun 18;13(6). Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, USA National Poultry Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, USA, Department of Agriculture, 934 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605, USA.

In March 2017, highly pathogenic (HP) and low pathogenic (LP) avian influenza virus (AIV) subtype H7N9 were detected from poultry farms and backyard birds in several states in the southeast United States. Because interspecies transmission is a known mechanism for evolution of AIVs, we sought to characterize infection and transmission of a domestic duck-origin H7N9 LPAIV in chickens and genetically compare the viruses replicating in the chickens to the original H7N9 clinical field samples used as inoculum. The results of the experimental infection demonstrated virus replication and transmission in chickens, with overt clinical signs of disease and shedding through both oral and cloacal routes. Read More

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Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profiles and Resistance Genes in Genus spp. Isolated from the Environment and Rainbow Trout of Two Fish Farms in France.

Microorganisms 2021 Jun 1;9(6). Epub 2021 Jun 1.

INRAE, Oniris, BIOEPAR, 44300 Nantes, France.

This study presents the occurrence and abundance of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) and genes (ARGs) isolated from water, biofilm and fish in two commercial trout farms before and one week after flumequine treatment. Wild (WT) and non-wild (NWT) strains were determined for quinolones (flumequine, oxolinic acid and enrofloxacin), oxytetracycline (OXY), florfenicol (FFN), trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP) and colistin (COL), and pMAR (presumptive multi-resistant) strains were classified. Forty-four ARGs for the mentioned antibiotics, β-lactams and multi-resistance were quantified for 211 isolates. Read More

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Knowledge and Perspectives on the Welfare of Italian Heavy Pigs on Farms.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Jun 6;11(6). Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, 40064 Bologna, Italy.

This review aims to give an overview of the most significant available information on welfare issues of Italian heavy pigs on farms. These animals, whose meat is used to produce typical products, are characterized by much higher body weights and age at slaughter (approximately 160-170 kg, and 9 months of age) than most pigs reared in Europe, resulting in peculiar behavioral and rearing-related needs. To highlight the main findings and the areas in which additional research is needed, the paper was organized by allocating the studies on the basis of the Welfare Quality four principles framework, i. Read More

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Antimicrobial Resistance of from Broilers, Pigs, and Cattle in the Greater Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana.

Int J Microbiol 2021 5;2021:5158185. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Theoretical and Applied Biology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

Globally, resistance to antimicrobial drugs in food animals is on the rise. of livestock, though commensal in nature, serves as reservoir for antimicrobial resistance genes with the potential of disseminating them. This study sought to examine the antimicrobial resistance profiles of in broilers, pigs, and cattle in the Kumasi Metropolis and undertake molecular characterisation of the resistances. Read More

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Clonal spread of O101: H9-ST10 and O101: H9-ST167 strains carrying and among diarrheal calves in a Chinese farm, with Australian as the possible origin of O101: H9-ST10.

Zool Res 2021 Jul;42(4):461-468

College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510642, China.

During a 2018 antimicrobial resistance surveillance of isolates from diarrheal calves in Xinjiang Province, China, an unexpectedly high prevalence (48.5%) of fosfomycin resistance was observed. This study aimed to reveal the determinants of fosfomycin resistance and the underlying transmission mechanism. Read More

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Prevalence of fibrinous pericarditis in heavy pigs (170 kg) and its association with other pluck lesions at slaughter inspection.

Vet J 2021 Jul 19;273:105680. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Animal Medicine, Production and Health, University of Padova, Viale dell'Università 16, Legnaro 35020, PD, Italy.

This study determined the prevalence of fibrinous pericarditis and its correlation with other pluck lesions in 658 batches of pigs from 236 intensive farms located in Northern Italy over a 12-month period. All pigs were slaughtered at 170 kg, and a total 57,943 plucks (approximately 90 pigs/batch) were individually assessed for the presence of fibrinous pericarditis, pneumonia, pleuritis, and liver milk spots. There was no seasonal variation in the prevalence of plucks with fibrinous pericarditis and annual mean prevalence was 5. Read More

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Review: SARS-CoV-2 infection in farmed minks - an overview of current knowledge on occurrence, disease and epidemiology.

Animal 2021 Jul 11;15(7):100272. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Preclinical Sciences and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wolynska 35, 60-637 Poznan, Poland.

Coronaviruses (CoVs), which are enveloped, positive-sense RNA viruses, may cause infections in mammals and birds. Apart from the respiratory manifestations, CoVs are also responsible for infections of the gastrointestinal tract and nervous systems. Their propensity to recombine allows them to easily transmit and adapt to new hosts. Read More

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Isolation and Characterization of Potential Phages Targeting Multidrug-Resistant and Major Serovars of Derived From Broiler Production Chain in Thailand.

Front Microbiol 2021 28;12:662461. Epub 2021 May 28.

Faculty of Agro-Industry, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand.

is a major foodborne pathogen that causes foodborne disease in humans through consumption of contaminated foods, especially those of animal origin. Multiple strains are antibiotic-resistant due to the common use of antibiotics in farm animals, including broiler farms. In this study, an alternative strategy using phage-based treatment was evaluated against isolated from the broiler production. Read More

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On the origin of the genetic variation in infectious disease prevalence: Genetic analysis of disease status versus infections for Digital Dermatitis in Dutch dairy cattle.

J Anim Breed Genet 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Animal Breeding and Genomics, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the origin of the genetic variation in the prevalence of bovine digital dermatitis (DD) by comparing a genetic analysis of infection events to a genetic analysis of disease status. DD is an important endemic infectious disease affecting the claws of cattle. For disease status, we analysed binary data on individual disease status (0,1; indicating being free versus infected), whereas for infections, we analysed binary data on disease transmission events (1,0; indicating becoming infected or not). Read More

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Life cycle assessment, C footprint and carbon balance of virgin olive oils production from traditional and intensive olive groves in southern Spain.

J Environ Manage 2021 Sep 4;293:112951. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Electrical Engineering, Escuela Politécnica Superior, University of Jaén, 23700, Linares, Spain. Electronic address:

Olive oil production shapes the socio-economic and environmental life of many areas of the Mediterranean basin, especially southern Spain, the highest olive oil-producing region worldwide. Olive grove cultivation is tending to intensify from traditional low-density to intensive and high-density cropping systems, which might result in higher environmental impacts. The aim of this study is to estimate the environmental impacts, carbon (C) footprint and carbon balance of producing virgin origin olive oil in Spain from four traditional rainfed, four irrigated, and three intensive olive farms, including the processing phase. Read More

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September 2021

Provenance discrimination of Sorrento lemon with Protected Geographical indication (PGI) by multi-elemental fingerprinting.

Food Chem 2021 Nov 21;362:130168. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, via Università 100, 80055 Portici, NA, Italy.

Multielement analysis and chemometric methods were proposed to discriminate the Sorrento lemon (PGI) juices according to geographical origin. In 2018 and 2019, 169 fruits from three farms in PGI area and two in not-PGI area were collected and analysed for essential and not-essential elements by ICP-MS. The PCA of multielement fingerprinting grouped lemon juices from PGI farms revealing a strong differentiation at small geographical scale. Read More

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November 2021

Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii, Hepatitis E Virus and Salmonella antibodies in meat juice samples from pigs at slaughter in Switzerland.

J Food Prot 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

University of Zurich: Universitat Zurich Institute for Food Safety and Hygiene Winterthurerstrasse 272 SWITZERLAND Zürich 8057.

Toxoplasma gondii , hepatitis E virus (HEV) and Salmonella are zoonotic foodborne pathogens that may be transmitted to humans through the consumption of raw or undercooked pork.  The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of anti- Toxoplasma gondii , anti-HEV and anti- Salmonella antibodies from healthy pigs at slaughter in Switzerland. In the period of August to September 2020 diaphragm muscle of Swiss fattening pigs was collected in three Swiss abattoirs from a total of 188 farms. Read More

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