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Exploring the occupational lives of Syrians under temporary protection in Turkey.

Aust Occup Ther J 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Temerty Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Persons who become displaced due to situations such as war and natural disasters face extreme challenges in maintaining their occupational repertoires. This study aimed to explore the occupational lives of Syrians under temporary protection in Turkey.

Methods: This mixed method study used a cross-sectional design with a predominantly qualitative focus. Read More

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Vulnerability and resilience among older South Korean Vietnam war veterans: A latent profile analysis.

Psychol Serv 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Psychology and Management.

Relatively little is known about South Korean Vietnam War veterans, despite their being the second largest contingent of troops during the Vietnam War. Earlier research found elevated levels (39%) of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in this older population, due to high exposure to combat and malevolent environments (Lee et al., 2020). Read More

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Communal mastery and associations with depressive and PTSD symptomatology among urban trauma-exposed women.

Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

STAR: Stress, Anxiety & Resilience Consultants.

Racial and ethnic minority women from low-resource urban communities experience disproportionately high rates of trauma exposure. Higher rates of lifetime trauma exposure are strongly associated with subsequent psychological sequela, specifically depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Communal mastery is the ability to cope with challenges and achieve goals by being closely interconnected with friends, family, and significant others. Read More

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Anonymous Living Liver Donation: Literature Review and Case Series Report.

Transplant Direct 2021 Aug 16;7(8):e726. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Division of Transplant Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA.

Background: Anonymous living liver donations (ALLDs) raise ethical concerns regarding the donors' motivations. Thus, ALLDs are not as widely accepted as directed donations from friends and family. Literature on ALLDs is limited. Read More

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Patterns of Immune Activation in HIV and Non HIV Subjects and Its Relation to Cardiovascular Disease Risk.

Front Immunol 2021 5;12:647805. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Ezintsha, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Introduction: Insight into inflammation patterns is needed to understand the pathophysiology of HIV and related cardiovascular disease (CVD). We assessed patterns of inflammation related to HIV infection and CVD risk assessed with carotid intima media thickness (CIMT).

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in Johannesburg, South Africa, including participants with HIV who were virally suppressed on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) as well as HIV-negative participants who were family members or friends to the HIV-positive participants. Read More

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Move more - be happier? Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life in Children with Congenital Heart Disease.

Am Heart J 2021 Jul 18. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Congenital Heart Disease, Deutsches Herzzentrum München, Technische Universität München; Institute of Preventive Pediatrics, Technische Universität München.

Objective: This cross-sectional study aimed to determine whether there is an association between objectively assessed physical activity (PA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children with CHD.

Patients And Methods: From September 2017 to January 2021, 343 children with CHD (12.1 ± 3. Read More

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Self-reported violence by nursing students in the context of undergraduate studies.

Rev Bras Enferm 2021 14;74(4):e20201179. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Objectives: to identify the characteristics of violence in the context of the teaching and learning of the undergraduate Nursing course, from the perspective of students.

Methods: quantitative, cross-sectional study, developed with 208 undergraduate students in Nursing. The data was obtained through the application of a survey questionnaire and processed by descriptive and bivariate statistics. Read More

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Perinatal mental health around the world: priorities for research and service development in China.

BJPsych Int 2020 Aug;17(3):50-53

MD, PhD, FRCOG, Professor and Head, Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

China's healthcare is improving together with rapid economic growth. Yet, mental healthcare is lagging behind. Prevalence of perinatal depression is high among women of the one-child generation, but access to qualified care is limited. Read More

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Opioid treatment program and community pharmacy collaboration for methadone maintenance treatment: Results from a feasibility clinical trial.

Addiction 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Friends Research Institute, Inc., Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background And Aims: Pharmacy administration and dispensing of methadone for methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) can expand treatment access for opioid use disorder (OUD). This study investigated the feasibility and acceptability of a novel model permitting an opioid treatment program (OTP) physician to prescribe methadone for OUD treatment through collaboration with a partnered pharmacy.

Design: Nonrandomized, single-arm, open-label feasibility trial. Read More

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Exploring the Experiences and the Nutritional Supports of LGBTQ+ Canadians during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Authors:
Phillip Joy

Can J Diet Pract Res 2021 Jul 21:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Applied Human Nutrition, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, NS.

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the lives of lesbian, gay, bi, trans, queer, and other groups (LGBTQ+) within Canada. This research aimed to explore the experiences of LGBTQ+ Canadians in relation to their nutritional needs, practices, and supports during the COVID-19 pandemic. The qualitative study was framed within a poststructuralism and queer theory paradigm and consisted of an online questionnaire. Read More

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"Anti-COVID-19" Medications, Supplements, and Mental Health Status in Indonesian Mothers with School-Age Children.

Int J Womens Health 2021 13;13:699-709. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

District Level Health Office, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic affects all aspects of life and might cause stress for vulnerable groups such as mothers with school-age children, both housewives and working mothers. With the uncontrolled circulating information about medications, supplements, and herbs that are believed to treat COVID-19, self-medication and misused might escalate. Therefore, this study aims to determine the consumption of "anti-COVID" agents and the mental health of mothers with school-age children in Indonesia. Read More

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Prevalence of Cannabidiol Use in Patients With Spine Complaints: Results of an Anonymous Survey.

Int J Spine Surg 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Hospital for Special Surgery, Spine Service, New York, New York.

Background: Cannabidiol (CBD) is a cannabis derivative that has been popularized as a medicinal product with analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. Given the anecdotal observations that several patients have reported use of CBD for spine-related pain, this study was designed to characterize CBD consumption patterns and perceived effects in patients with spine-related complaints.

Methods: The study design was a cross-sectional survey. Read More

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Preventive behaviours and family inequalities during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study in China.

Infect Dis Poverty 2021 Jul 20;10(1):100. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

School of Pharmacy, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 13 Hangkong Road, Wuhan, China.

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is an international public health threat, and people's participation in disease-related preventive behaviours is the key to controlling infectious diseases. This study aimed to assess the differences in adopting preventive behaviours among populations to explore potential individual and household factors and inequalities within families.

Methods: This online survey was conducted in April 2020. Read More

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COVID-19 social distancing: negative effects on people with Parkinson disease and their associations with confidence for self-management.

BMC Neurol 2021 Jul 20;21(1):284. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

Background: The purpose of this study was to describe the effects of COVID-19 social distancing on the function, health, and well-being of people with Parkinson disease (PD), and test the association of these effects with patients' activation levels, i.e., their skills and confidence in managing their health. Read More

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Social participation and depressive symptoms in older African American cancer survivors: a comparison with non-cancer subjects.

Aging Ment Health 2021 Jul 21:1-6. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

School of Social Work, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA.

Objectives: African Americans are differentially affected by most cancers compared to other racial groups. Social participation has demonstrated beneficial effects on mental health in older adults with a history of cancer. The purpose of the present study is to examine and compare the effects of specific social participation activities on depressive symptoms among older African Americans with and without a history of cancer. Read More

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Exploring How Postmillennial Pharmacy Students Balance Life Priorities and Avoid Situations Known to Deplete Resilience.

Am J Pharm Educ 2021 Apr 19;85(4):8369. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

University of Otago, School of Pharmacy, Aotearoa, New Zealand

Students are facing increasing academic pressures that can contribute to poor wellbeing. Evidence to inform the development of better student support services is weak. This study aimed to explore Bachelor of Pharmacy students' self-reported life priorities and ways they strategize to avoid resilience-depleting events on a day-to-day basis. Read More

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Studying How Individuals Who Express the Feeling of Loneliness in an Online Loneliness Forum Communicate in a Nonloneliness Forum: Observational Study.

Authors:
Anietie Andy

JMIR Form Res 2021 Jul 20;5(7):e28738. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Penn Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

Background: Loneliness is a public health concern, and increasingly, individuals experiencing loneliness are seeking support on online forums, some of which focus on discussions around loneliness (loneliness forums). Some of these individuals may also seek support around loneliness on online forums not related to loneliness or well-being (nonloneliness forums). Hence, to design and implement appropriate and efficient online loneliness interventions, it is important to understand how individuals who express and seek support around loneliness on online loneliness forums communicate in nonloneliness forums; this could provide further insights into the support needs and concerns of these users. Read More

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Associations Between Methods of Meeting Sexual Partners and Sexual Practices Among Heterosexuals: Cross-sectional Study in Melbourne, Australia.

JMIR Form Res 2021 Jul 20;5(7):e26202. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Central Clinical School, Monash University, Clayton, Australia.

Background: The association between meeting partners on the web and sexual practices has been understudied in heterosexuals.

Objective: This study aims to examine the associations between the methods of meeting partners and sexual practices and HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in heterosexuals.

Methods: We conducted a survey among heterosexuals attending the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre in 2019. Read More

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Attitudes toward Lesbians, Gay Men, and Their Rights in a Sample of Ecuadorian Cisgender Men and Women.

J Homosex 2021 Jul 20:1-22. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Psychological Studies in Education and Well-being, National Pedagogic University, Mexico City, Mexico.

Since 1997, Ecuador has undergone a series of changes to ensure family rights to sexual minorities. However, there is still limited research regarding attitudes toward them. This study focused on the attitudes toward lesbians (L), gay men (G), and their rights. Read More

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It's not all about the likes: Social media affordances with nighttime, problematic, and adverse use as predictors of adolescent sleep indicators.

Sleep Health 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Communication and Media, Quantitative Methods and Social Sciences Program, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Adolescents are the most prominent users of social media, and their exposure to different contents, platforms, and types of use continues to develop. At the same time, sleep deprivation is on the rise, which may contribute to worsened health. Therefore, this cross-sectional study set out to examine the relationships among several social media affordances, habits of use, and sleep indicators in adolescents. Read More

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Future Care Planning: Concerns of Elderly Parents Caring for a Person With Serious Mental Illness.

Psychiatr Serv 2021 Jul 20:appips201900267. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, India (Sivakumar, Philip, Chandra); Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, India (Jain); Semel Institute on Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, and VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System at West Los Angeles, Los Angeles (Glynn).

Although recent advances in early treatment of people with serious mental illness have brought new hope to family members, parents of service users are still often left to worry about their loved one's future care. Without judicious planning, a parent''s death can be a catastrophic event that leaves an adult with serious mental illness without supports. This Open Forum emphasizes the benefits of mental health professionals being proactive and helping families and service users address concerns with future care planning. Read More

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Health belief model perspective on the control of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy and the promotion of vaccination: a web-based cross-sectional.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jul 12. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Fudan University, NO.130, Dong an Road, Shanghai, CN.

Background: The control of vaccine hesitancy and the promotion of vaccination are key protective measures against COVID-19.

Objective: This study assesses the prevalence of vaccine hesitancy and the vaccination rate and examines the association between factors of the health belief model and vaccination.

Methods: A convenience sample of 2,531 valid participants from 31 provinces and autonomous regions of mainland China was enrolled in this online survey study from January 1st to 24th, 2021. Read More

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Family and social environment associated with traits of antisocial personality disorder in the prison population of Peru.

Rev Esp Sanid Penit 2021 May-Aug;23(2):60-66

Translational Medicine Research Centre. Norbert Wiener University. Lima, Peru.

Introduction: The prison environment in Peru is one of the worst in the continent. In situations such as these, where there is considerable stress, many inmates can develop antisocial disorders, especially if they come from a conflictive family setting.

Objectives: To determine the association between family relationships, social environment and features of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) in the Peruvian prison population in 2016. Read More

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Technology Recommendations to Support Person-Centered Care in Long-Term Care Homes during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond.

J Aging Soc Policy 2021 Jul 18:1-16. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Affiliate Scientist, KITE, Toronto Rehabilitation Institution, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed persistent inequities in the long-term care sector and brought strict social/physical distancing distancing and public health quarantine guidelines that inadvertently put long-term care residents at risk for social isolation and loneliness. Virtual communication and technologies have come to the forefront as the primary mode for residents to maintain connections with their loved ones and the outside world; yet, many long-term care homes do not have the technological capabilities to support modern day technologies. There is an urgent need to replace antiquated technological infrastructures to enable person-centered care and prevent potentially irreversible cognitive and psychological declines by ensuring residents are able to maintain important relationships with their family and friends. Read More

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Digital social support for undergraduate students during COVID-19: Pivotal support for the digital transformation.

J Public Health Res 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Islamia University Bahawalpur.

Background: In a time of crisis, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, digital social support can prove helpful in buffering the stress and anxiety especially for students whose lives were being affected both socially and academically. The present study aims to explore the emotional and informational social support available to students during the online transformation of their education. It further investigates factors affecting anxiety and stress among students. Read More

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Pro-vaccination subjective norms moderate the relationship between conspiracy mentality and vaccination intentions.

Br J Health Psychol 2021 Jul 18. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Leibniz-Institut für Wissensmedien, Tübingen, Germany.

Objectives: Increasing vaccination hesitancy threatens societies' capacity to contain pandemics and other diseases. One factor that is positively associated with vaccination intentions is a supportive subjective norm (i.e. Read More

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Citizen science and online data: Opportunities and challenges for snake ecology and action against snakebite.

Toxicon X 2021 Jul 22;9-10:100071. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Global Biology, Birr, Switzerland.

The secretive behavior and life history of snakes makes studying their biology, distribution, and the epidemiology of venomous snakebite challenging. One of the most useful, most versatile, and easiest to collect types of biological data are photographs, particularly those that are connected with geographic location and date-time metadata. Photos verify occurrence records, provide data on phenotypes and ecology, and are often used to illustrate new species descriptions, field guides and identification keys, as well as in training humans and computer vision algorithms to identify snakes. Read More

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Barriers and Motivators to Opioid Treatment Among Suburban Women Who Are Pregnant and Mothers in Caregiver Roles.

Front Psychol 2021 1;12:688429. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Sociology, Bentley University, Waltham, MA, United States.

Women of childbearing age who misuse opioids are a particularly vulnerable population, and their barriers to treatment are unique because of their caregiver roles. Research on treatment for opioid use generally draws from urban and rural areas. This study fills a gap in research that focuses on barriers and motivators to opioid treatment in suburban areas. Read More

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Immediate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the work and personal lives of Australian hospital clinical staff.

Aust Health Rev 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

ObjectiveThis study investigated the short-term psychosocial effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on hospital clinical staff, specifically their self-reported concerns and perceived impact on their work and personal lives.MethodsNurses, midwives, doctors and allied health staff at a large metropolitan tertiary health service in Melbourne, Australia, completed an anonymous online cross-sectional survey between 15 May and 10 June 2020. The survey assessed respondents' COVID-19 contact status, concerns related to COVID-19 and other effects of COVID-19. Read More

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