Hear Res 2013 Dec 27;306:76-92. Epub 2013 Sep 27.
Kresge Hearing Research Institute, University of Michigan Medical School, 1150 W. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5616, USA; National Centre for Audiology, Western University, 1201 Western Road, London, Ontario, Canada N6G 1H1. Electronic address:
For human listeners, the primary cues for localization in the vertical plane are provided by the direction-dependent filtering of the pinnae, head, and upper body. Vertical-plane localization generally is accurate for broadband sounds, but when such sounds are presented at near-threshold levels or at high levels with short durations (<20 ms), the apparent location is biased toward the horizontal plane (i.e. Read More