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Associations between surgical start time (regular vs after hours) and morbidity and mortality during hospitalization in dogs and cats.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Objective: To examine the relationship between after-hours (ie, nights and weekends) emergency general surgery and morbidity or mortality in dogs and cats during hospitalization.

Design: Cross-sectional study from September 1, 2013 to May 31, 2017.

Setting: University teaching hospital. Read More

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Exclusive Breastfeeding for 6 Months Postpartum and Factors Associated With Success in a Tertiary Care Baby-Friendly Hospital: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

J Perinat Neonatal Nurs 2021 Jul-Sep 01;35(3):266-274

Department of Obstetric and Gynecological Nursing, Akdeniz University Faculty of Nursing, Antalya, Turkey (Dr Yangın and Ms Akpınar); Baby-Friendly Hospital Program Coordination Unit, Akdeniz University Hospital, Antalya, Turkey (Mss Çakmak and Çalışkan Özdöl); and Department of Pediatrics, Neonatal Intensive Care, Lara Anatolia Hospital, Antalya, Turkey (Dr Akçakuş).

It is very important that infants are exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months of life and then that breastfeeding is continued until 2 years of age. In this study, we aimed to determine the rate of exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life following birth and the factors associated with continuation of exclusive breastfeeding. The study was a retrospective cohort study. Read More

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Application of Human Factors Methods to Ensure Appropriate Infant Identification and Abduction Prevention Within the Hospital Setting.

J Perinat Neonatal Nurs 2021 Jul-Sep 01;35(3):258-265

Department of Patient Safety, Regulatory, & Accreditation, Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio (Dr Webster); Center for Women & Infants, UofL Hospital, Louisville, Kentucky (Mss Stikes and Gardner); Labor & Delivery and Mother/Baby, Center for Women & Infants, UofL Hospital, Louisville, Kentucky (Ms Bunnell); and Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky (Dr Petruska).

Infant misidentification and abduction are recognized as "never" events for hospitals in the United States. As near misses are often unreported, root cause analysis of observed near misses may fail to uncover important contributors. We utilized failure mode and effects analysis to proactively identify and eliminate or reduce the risk of infant misidentification or abduction. Read More

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Assessment of electromechanically stimulated bone marrow stem cells seeded acellular cardiac patch in a rat myocardial infarct model.

Biomed Mater 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Faculty of Pharmacy, Hacettepe University, Department of Basic Pharmaceutical sciences, 06100 Sıhhiye/ANKARA-TURKEYE, Ankara, Ankara, 06800, TURKEY.

In this study, we evaluated cardiomyogenic differentiation of electromechanically stimulated rat bone marrow-derived stem cells (rt-BMSCs) on an acellular bovine pericardium (aBP) and we looked at the functioning of this engineered patch in a rat myocardial infarct (MI) model. aBP was prepared using a detergent-based decellularization procedure followed by rt-BMSCs seeding, and electrical, mechanical, or electromechanical stimulations (3-millisecond pulses of 5 V/cm at 1 Hz, 5% stretching) to enhance cardiomyogenic differentiation. Furthermore, the electromechanically stimulated patch was applied to the MI region over three weeks. Read More

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Receipt of Screening Mammography by Insured Women Diagnosed With Breast Cancer and Impact on Outcomes.

J Natl Compr Canc Netw 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

1Department of Radiology, University of Washington School of Medicine; and.

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine factors associated with receipt of screening mammography by insured women before breast cancer diagnosis, and subsequent outcomes.

Patients And Methods: Using claims data from commercial and federal payers linked to a regional SEER registry, we identified women diagnosed with breast cancer from 2007 to 2017 and determined receipt of screening mammography within 1 year before diagnosis. We obtained patient and tumor characteristics from the SEER registry and assigned each woman a socioeconomic deprivation score based on residential address. Read More

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Routine postoperative fluid restriction to prevent syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion after transsphenoidal resection of pituitary adenoma.

J Neurosurg 2021 Jul 30:1-8. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

1Department of Neurological Surgery and.

Objective: Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is a common problem during the postoperative course after pituitary surgery. Although treatment of this condition is well characterized, prevention strategies are less studied and reported. The authors sought to characterize outcomes and predictive factors of SIADH after implementation of routine postoperative fluid restriction for patients undergoing endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenoma. Read More

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Predictors of surgical outcome in focal cortical dysplasia and its subtypes.

J Neurosurg 2021 Jul 30:1-11. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

4Neurosurgery, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Secunderabad, India.

Objective: The authors analyzed predictors of surgical outcome in patients with focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) and its ILAE (International League Against Epilepsy) subtypes after noninvasive multimodal evaluation and calculated time to first seizure.

Methods: Data of 355 patients with refractory epilepsy, confirmed FCD pathology, and 2-13 years of postsurgical follow-up were analyzed to determine the predictive roles of clinical, EEG, imaging, and surgical factors that influence seizure freedom.

Results: The mean ± SD age at surgery was 20. Read More

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Efficacy of IVRS-based mHealth intervention in reducing cardiovascular risk in metabolic syndrome: A cluster randomized trial.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2021 Jun 21;15(5):102182. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Academic Research Development Unit, Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, 302033, Jaipur, India.

Aims: Efficacy of mobile-phone based intervention for reducing cardiovascular risk in metabolic syndrome (MetSyn).

Methods: We screened adults 20-60 years in 10 villages in India for MetSyn using stratified cluster sampling. Lifestyle and biochemical risk factors were assessed. Read More

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Hepatic actinomycosis after total pancreatectomy: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 20;85:106212. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.

Introduction And Importance: Hepatic actinomycosis (HA) is a rare infection mimicking a malignancy. HA after total pancreatectomy for a pancreatic tumor has not been reported.

Case Presentation: A 70-year-old woman with a history of gastrectomy and sigmoidectomy for benign lesions, underwent a total pancreatectomy for a non-invasive, intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma (IPMC). Read More

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Successful pregnancy in morbidly obese lady with polycystic ovary syndrome after bariatric surgery: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 24;85:106235. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Science Health, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Obesity has been proven to have adverse effects on fertility and is one of the predisposing factors for delay in pregnancy even with the use of assisted reproductive technique. There are many pathways in which obesity can affect fertility such as anovulation, poor implantation and low-quality oocyte.

Case Presentation: We report a case of a 40-year-old lady with primary infertility for six years with underlying polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and BMI 45. Read More

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The correlation between social support and post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jul 16;294:543-557. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychological Therapies, Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, UK.

Background: Risk factors exploring the link between trauma and Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been extensively explored in adults, however, less is known about child and adolescent populations.

Methods: The current meta-analysis aimed to systematically evaluate and summarise the child focused literature to estimate the strength of the relationship between social support and PTSD symptoms following traumatic events.

Results: Fifty primary studies reporting an effect size for the relationship between total social support scale or a source of social support with PTSD were included. Read More

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Association between urine cotinine and depressive symptoms in non-smokers: National representative sample in Korea.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jul 16;294:527-532. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of psychiatry, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is known to have negative effects on mental as well as physical health. However, the association between SHS and mental health problems has not been assessed in non-smokers. To evaluate the association of exposure to tobacco smoke and depressive symptoms, and that of the prevalence of having depressive symptoms and urinary cotinine (UCo) concentrations in non-exposed subjects. Read More

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Cognitive impairment in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder: Prevalence estimation and model selection for predictors of cognitive performance.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jul 21;294:497-504. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK; South London & Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, Maudsley Hospital, London, UK.

Objectives Although cognitive dysfunction is a prominent feature of bipolar disorder (BD), previous research presents limitations in estimating the proportion of euthymic patients experiencing clinically relevant deficits and identifying predictors of cognitive difficulties. We explored the relevance of recommended definitions of clinically significant cognitive impairment for functional outcomes, estimated its prevalence, and identified patient characteristics associated with cognition. Methods We assessed cognitive performance across four domains in 80 euthymic participants with BD. Read More

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Efficient degradation of sulfamethazine via activation of percarbonate by chalcopyrite.

Water Res 2021 Jul 22;202:117451. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, Hunan 410082, China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha, Hunan 410082, China.

In this work, the novel application of chalcopyrite (CuFeS) for sodium percarbonate (SPC) activation towards sulfamethazine (SMT) degradation was explored. Several key influencing factors like SPC concentration, CuFeS dosage, reaction temperature, pH value, anions, and humic acid (HA) were investigated. Experimental results indicated that SMT could be effectively degraded in the neutral reaction media by CuFeS/SPC process (86. Read More

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COVID-19 related moral injury: Associations with pandemic-related perceived threat and risky and protective behaviors.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Jul 22;142:80-88. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA; San Francisco Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is associated with increased potential for morally injurious events, during which individuals may experience, witness, or learn about situations that violate deeply held moral beliefs. However, it is unknown how pandemic risk and resilience factors are associated with COVID-related moral injury.

Methods: Individuals residing in the U. Read More

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Prediction of Intracerebral Hemorrhage After Endovascular Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke: Combining Quantitative Parameters on Dual-Energy CT with Clinical Related Factors.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 Jul 27;30(10):106001. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Departments of Radiology, Hebei General Hospital, 348 Heping West Road, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050000, China.

Objectives: To evaluate the predictive value of dual-energy CT (DECT) quantitative parameters and clinical influence factors for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) complications after endovascular treatment in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).

Methods: Seventy-two consecutive patients who underwent brain DECT immediately after endovascular treatment for AIS from November 2017 to October 2019 were included. Retrospectively, the volume of brain parenchymal hyperdensity area (HDA), the maximum iodine concentration, and maximum CT value on DECT images was evaluated and measured by two radiologists blinded to any clinical information independently. Read More

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Dichotomous thinking about social groups: Learning about one group can activate opposite beliefs about another group.

Cogn Psychol 2021 Jul 27;129:101408. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

University of California, Davis, United States.

Across three studies (N = 607), we examined people's use of a dichotomizing heuristic-the inference that characteristics belonging to one group do not apply to another group-when making judgments about novel social groups. Participants learned information about one group (e.g. Read More

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Source apportionment of atmospheric particle number concentrations with wide size range by nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF).

Environ Pollut 2021 Jul 24;289:117846. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China; State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Sources and Control of Air Pollution Complex, Beijing, 100084, China. Electronic address:

Quantifying the sources of atmospheric particles is essential to air quality control but remains challenging, especially for the source apportionment of particles based on number concentration with wide size range. Here, particle number concentrations (PNC) with size range 19-20,000 nm involving four modes Nucleation, Aitken, Accumulation, and Coarse are used to do source apportionment of PNC at the Guangdong Atmospheric Supersite (Heshan) during July-October 2015 by nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) with 6 factors. For July 2015, separated source apportionments for three different size ranges from collocated instruments nano scanning mobility particle sizer (NSMPS), SMPS, and aerodynamic particle sizer (APS) and for two different size ranges (below and above 100 nm) show similar quantitative source information with that for the one whole size range. Read More

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Characterization of PFOS toxicity on in-vivo and ex-vivo mouse pancreatic islets.

Environ Pollut 2021 Jul 26;289:117857. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Croucher Institute for Environmental Sciences, Department of Biology, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong SAR, China. Electronic address:

Considerable human data have shown that the exposure to perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) correlates to the risk of metabolic diseases, however the underlying effects are not clearly elucidated. In this study, we investigated the impacts of PFOS treatment, using in-vivo, ex-vivo and in-vitro approaches, on pancreatic β-cell functions. Mice were oral-gavage with 1 and 5 μg PFOS/g body weight/day for 21 days. Read More

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Gold nanodot assembly within a cobalt chalcogenide nanoshell: Promotion of electrocatalytic activity.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 Jul 20;605:274-285. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Hanyang University, Ansan, Gyeonggi-do 15588, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

The assembly of functional nanoparticles within materials with unique architectures can improve the interfacial surfaces, defects, and active sites, which are key factors for the designing novel nanocatalysts. Nano metal-organic framework (NMOF) can be employed to fabricate nanodots-confined nanohybrids for use in electrocatalytic processes. Herein, we report a controlled synthesis of gold nanodot assembly within cobalt chalcogenide nanoshell (dots-in-shell Au/CoS nanohybrids). Read More

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Undergraduate student nurses' experiences of their community placements.

Nurse Educ Today 2021 Jul 9;106:105054. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, National University of Ireland Galway. Electronic address:

Background: Community nursing placements play an increasingly important part in the undergraduate nursing students learning experience as a greater proportion of health care delivery is set to migrate to community care settings. Therefore, nursing education programmes and health services must ensure that student nurses are exposed to high quality community placements that provide suitable learning experiences for students to acquire the skills and knowledge required for the health service of the future.

Objectives: This qualitative evidence synthesis examines undergraduate nursing students' experiences of community nursing placements from 1996 to date. Read More

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Functional co-activation of the default mode network in APOE ε4-carriers: A replication study.

Neuroimage 2021 Jun 27;240:118304. Epub 2021 Jun 27.

Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain (FMRIB), Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Wellcome Centre for Integrative Neuroimaging, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Structural and functional alterations of the brain in persons genetically at-risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD) are crucial in unravelling AD development. Filippini et al. found that the default mode network (DMN) is already affected in young APOE ε4-carriers, with increased co-activation of the DMN during rest and increased hippocampal task activation. Read More

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Synthesis of hypercrosslinked polymers for efficient solid-phase microextraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and their derivatives followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry determination.

J Chromatogr A 2021 Jul 22;1653:462428. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

College of Science, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding 071001, China; College of Food Science and Technology, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding 071001, China. Electronic address:

Three novel hypercrosslinked polymers (HCPs) were synthesized via Friedel-Crafts reaction employing 1,3,5-tris(bromomethyl)-2,4,6-trimethylbenzene as alkylating agent, and triphenylbenzene, tetraphenylethylene and p-quaterphenyl as the aromatic units, respectively. The prepared HCPs were applied as solid-phase microextraction coatings for direct immersion extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their oxygenated and nitrated derivatives in environmental water samples. The key factors affecting the extraction efficiency including extraction time, extraction temperature, stirring rate, ionic strength and desorption conditions, were carefully studied. Read More

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The impact of antihypertensive use in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke in patients receiving alteplase.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Jul 22;50:93-96. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Rush University Medical Center, Chicago IL, 1653 W Congress Pkwy, Chicago, IL 60612, United States of America. Electronic address:

Background: Treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with intravenous alteplase within 4.5 h of symptom onset is associated with neurologic improvement. High baseline blood pressure (BP) and BP variability during the first 24 h of AIS is associated with increased early adverse events and death. Read More

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Radiomic models for lymph node metastasis prediction in cervical cancer: can we think beyond sentinel lymph node?

Transl Oncol 2021 Jul 27;14(10):101185. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli, IRCCS, UOC Ginecologia Oncologica, Dipartimento per la salute della Donna e del Bambino e della Salute Pubblica, Rome, Italy; Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Liu and colleagues performed a retrospective study to validate a computed tomography (CT) scan-based radiomic model to detect lymph node metastasis in cervical cancer. The proposed model incorporating the arterial and venous phase CT-scan features represented a non-invasive method exhibiting high sensitivity in the prediction of lymph node metastasis. It is well established that lymph node metastasis is one of the most significant prognostic factors in cervical cancer. Read More

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Microbial biofilm community dynamics in five lowland streams.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jul 20;798:149169. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Biology, Aarhus University, Ole Worms Allé 1, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark; WATEC, Aarhus University, Centre for Water Technology, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark.

Stream biofilms are complex aggregates of diverse organism groups that play a vital role in global carbon and nitrogen cycles. Most of the current studies on stream biofilm focus on a limited number of organism groups (e.g. Read More

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Accumulation and passive sampling of bisphenol analogues using triolein-embedded cellulose acetate membrane in waters.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jul 10;798:148985. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Chemistry College, Hanshan Normal University, Chaozhou 521041, China.

Bisphenol analogues (BPs) are emerging contaminants that have been widely detected in water environments. The presence of substituted hydrophilic and hydrophobic groups in the molecule may lead to unclear performance in passive sampling. This study tested the accumulation capacity and passive sampling of fifteen BPs in a triolein-embedded cellulose acetate membrane (TECAM) passive sampler. Read More

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Effects of acid rain on plant growth: A meta-analysis.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jul 27;297:113213. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Eco-circular Agriculture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China; Department of Ecology, College of Natural Resources and Environment, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China; Guangdong Engineering Technology Research Centre of Modern Eco-agriculture and Circular Agriculture, Guangzhou, 510642, China; Key Laboratory of Agro-Environment in the Tropics, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China; Guangdong Laboratory for Lingnan Modern Agriculture, Guangzhou, 510642, China.

Anthropogenic driven acid gases emission has caused acid rain in many regions globally. Although efforts have been made to assess the effects of acid rain on terrestrial ecosystems, a systematic assessment of growth-related traits across plant aboveground and belowground is lacking. Hence, we performed a phylogenetically controlled meta-analysis of 755 observations from 69 independent studies to quantify the effects of acid rain on six growth-related traits of plant. Read More

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Serological prevalence and risk factors of Toxoplasma gondii in Zoo Mammals in Chile.

Prev Vet Med 2021 Jul 24;194:105445. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Laboratory of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Livestock Sciences, Universidad de Chile, Santa Rosa 11.735, La Pintana, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address:

Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic cosmopolitan protozoan that causes a high mortality rate among zoo mammals such as New World primates, meerkats, marsupials and Pallas' cat. It has been recently reported in Chile, mainly among wild populations, but also as the cause of death of a kangaroo and a mara. However, there has not been a T. Read More

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