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Pathological Crosstalk Between Oxidized LDL and ER Stress in Human Diseases: A Comprehensive Review.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 26;9:674103. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Genetics and Genomics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates.

The oxidative modification of the major cholesterol carrying lipoprotein, oxLDL, is a biomarker as well as a pathological factor in cardiovascular diseases (CVD), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), obesity and other metabolic diseases. Perturbed cellular homeostasis due to physiological, pathological and pharmacological factors hinder the proper functioning of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), which is the major hub for protein folding and processing, lipid biosynthesis and calcium storage, thereby leading to ER stress. The cellular response to ER stress is marked by a defensive mechanism called unfolded protein response (UPR), wherein the cell adapts strategies that favor survival. Read More

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Identification of potential gene signatures associated with osteosarcoma by integrated bioinformatics analysis.

PeerJ 2021 27;9:e11496. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Spine Surgery, Tianjin Union Medical Center, Tianjin, China.

Background: Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most primary malignant bone cancer in children and adolescents with a high mortality rate. This work aims to screen novel potential gene signatures associated with OS by integrated microarray analysis of the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database.

Material And Methods: The OS microarray datasets were searched and downloaded from GEO database to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between OS and normal samples. Read More

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METTL14 Acts as a Potential Regulator of Tumor Immune and Progression in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma.

Front Genet 2021 28;12:609174. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Urology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is characterized by its insensitivity to chemoradiotherapy and lacks effective diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. In this study, we focused on the role of m6A RNA methylation regulators for tumor immunity. Based on the expression of 20 m6A regulators, consensus clustering was performed to divide patients into cluster1/cluster2 and showed that there was a survival difference between the two clusters. Read More

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Proteomic Analysis of Humoral Immune Components in Bronchoalveolar Lavage of Patients Infected or Colonized by .

Front Immunol 2021 26;12:677798. Epub 2021 May 26.

Institut Pasteur, Molecular Mycology Unit, CNRS, Paris, France.

Humoral immune components have been individually studied in the context of interaction of host with , a major airborne fungal pathogen. However, a global view of the multitude and complex nature of humoral immune components is needed to bring new insight into host- interaction. Therefore, we undertook comparative proteomic analysis of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid collected from individuals infected or colonized with versus controls, to identify those alveolar humoral components affected upon infection. Read More

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Integrated Analysis of Omics Data Reveal AP-1 as a Potential Regulation Hub in the Inflammation-Induced Hyperalgesia Rat Model.

Front Immunol 2021 28;12:672498. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Anesthesiology, Suzhou Municipal Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Suzhou, China.

Inflammation-associated chronic pain is a global clinical problem, affecting millions of people worldwide. However, the underlying mechanisms that mediate inflammation-associated chronic pain remain unclear. A rat model of cutaneous inflammation induced by Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) has been widely used as an inflammation-induced pain hypersensitivity model. Read More

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Far eastern curlew and whimbrel prefer flying low - wind support and good visibility appear only secondary factors in determining migratory flight altitude.

Mov Ecol 2021 Jun 13;9(1):32. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Centre for Integrative Ecology, School of Life and Environmental Science, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Background: In-flight conditions are hypothesized to influence the timing and success of long-distance migration. Wind assistance and thermal uplift are thought to reduce the energetic costs of flight, humidity, air pressure and temperature may affect the migrants' water balance, and clouds may impede navigation. Recent advances in animal-borne long-distance tracking enable evaluating the importance of these factors in determining animals' flight altitude. Read More

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DeepR2cov: deep representation learning on heterogeneous drug networks to discover anti-inflammatory agents for COVID-19.

Brief Bioinform 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

College of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, Hunan University, China.

Recent studies have demonstrated that the excessive inflammatory response is an important factor of death in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. In this study, we propose a deep representation on heterogeneous drug networks, termed DeepR2cov, to discover potential agents for treating the excessive inflammatory response in COVID-19 patients. This work explores the multi-hub characteristic of a heterogeneous drug network integrating eight unique networks. Read More

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Optimal governance and implementation of vaccination programmes to contain the COVID-19 pandemic.

R Soc Open Sci 2021 Jun 9;8(6):210429. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia.

Since the recent introduction of several viable vaccines for SARS-CoV-2, vaccination uptake has become the key factor that will determine our success in containing the COVID-19 pandemic. We argue that game theory and social network models should be used to guide decisions pertaining to vaccination programmes for the best possible results. In the months following the introduction of vaccines, their availability and the human resources needed to run the vaccination programmes have been scarce in many countries. Read More

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Hyaluronan-mediated motility receptor expression functions as a prognostic biomarker in uterine carcinosarcoma based on bioinformatics analysis.

J Int Med Res 2021 Jun;49(6):3000605211021043

Department of Gynaecologic Oncology, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China.

Objective: Uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) is a rare, aggressive tumour with a high metastasis rate and poor prognosis. This study aimed to explore potential key genes associated with the prognosis of UCS.

Methods: Transcriptional expression data were downloaded from the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis database and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were subjected to Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analyses using Metascape. Read More

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Multi-Omics Data Analyses Construct a Six Immune-Related Genes Prognostic Model for Cervical Cancer in Tumor Microenvironment.

Front Genet 2021 24;12:663617. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Gynecology, Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, China.

The cross-talk between tumor cells and the tumor microenvironment (TME) is an important factor in determining the tumorigenesis and progression of cervical cancer (CC). However, clarifying the potential mechanisms which trigger the above biological processes remains a challenge. The present study focused on immune-relevant differences at the transcriptome and somatic mutation levels through an integrative multi-omics analysis based on The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Read More

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Understanding measures of racial discrimination and microaggressions among American Indian and Alaska Native college students in the Southwest United States.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jun 9;21(1):1099. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Box 356560, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, Washington, 98195, USA.

Background: Racial discrimination, including microaggressions, contributes to health inequities, yet research on discrimination and microaggressions has focused on single measures without adequate psychometric evaluation. To address this gap, we examined the psychometric performance of three discrimination/microaggression measures among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) college students in a large Southwestern city.

Methods: Students (N = 347; 65% female; ages 18-65) completed the revised-Everyday Discrimination Scale, Microaggressions Distress Scale, and Experiences of Discrimination measure. Read More

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Transcriptional adaptation of in an original mouse model: New insights into the regulation of mycolactone.

Virulence 2021 Dec;12(1):1438-1451

Univ Angers, Inserm, CRCINA, Angers, France.

is the causal agent of Buruli ulcer, a chronic infectious disease and the third most common mycobacterial disease worldwide. Without early treatment, provokes massive skin ulcers, caused by the mycolactone toxin, its main virulence factor. However, spontaneous healing may occur in Buruli ulcer patients several months or years after the disease onset. Read More

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December 2021

Identified the novel resistant biomarkers for taxane-based therapy for triple-negative breast cancer.

Int J Med Sci 2021 26;18(12):2521-2531. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Developing treatment strategies for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has become an important clinical challenge. Currently, taxane-based chemotherapy is one of the standard treatments for TNBC. However, determining the key factor of taxane-resistance is urgently in need for clinical treatment for breast cancer. Read More

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Development and Validation of an Autophagy-Stroma-Based Microenvironment Gene Signature for Risk Stratification in Colorectal Cancer.

Onco Targets Ther 2021 31;14:3503-3515. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of gastrointestinal surgery of the First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, 110001, People's Republic of China.

Background: Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death in the USA. The aim of this study was to establish a tumor gene signature based on tumor stromal cell and autophagy for predicting the risk of recurrence in patients with colorectal cancer.

Methods: We used "Rtsne" and "xCell" R packages to estimate autophagy and stroma status, respectively. Read More

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Multi-omics analysis reveals the interaction between the complement system and the coagulation cascade in the development of endometriosis.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 7;11(1):11926. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

The State Key Lab of Reproductive, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jiangsu Province Hospital, Nanjing, 210029, China.

Endometriosis (EMS) is a disease that shows immune dysfunction and chronic inflammation characteristics, suggesting a role of complement system in its pathophysiology. To find out the hub genes and pathways involved in the pathogenesis of EMs, three raw microarray datasets were recruited from the Gene Expression Omnibus database (GEO). Then, a series of bioinformatics technologies including gene ontology (GO), Hallmark pathway enrichment, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and gene co-expression correlation analysis were performed to identify hub genes. Read More

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Involvement of the VEGF signaling pathway in immunosuppression and hypoxia stress: analysis of mRNA expression in lymphocytes mediating panting in Jersey cattle under heat stress.

BMC Vet Res 2021 Jun 7;17(1):209. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Animal Science, Khon Kaen University, Kaen, 40002, Thailand.

Background: Extreme panting under heat stress threatens dairy cattle milk production. Previous research has revealed that the gas exchange-mediated respiratory drive in critically ill dairy cattle with low O saturation induces panting. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling may play important roles in immunosuppression and oxidative stress during severe respiratory stress responses in heat-stressed cattle. Read More

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Silencing Induces Facultative Parthenocarpy in Tomato.

Front Plant Sci 2021 20;12:672232. Epub 2021 May 20.

Key Laboratory of Horticultural Crop Biology and Germplasm Innovation in South China, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Horticulture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China.

Facultative parthenocarpy is of great practical value. However, the molecular mechanism underlying facultative parthenocarpy remains elusive. Transcriptional co-repressors (TPL) act as a central regulatory hub controlling all nine phytohormone pathways. Read More

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The bioinformatics and metabolomics research on anti-hypoxic molecular mechanisms of Salidroside via regulating the PTEN mediated PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway.

Chin J Nat Med 2021 Jun;19(6):442-453

Department of Pharmacology, Beijing Laboratory for Biomedical Detection Technology and Instrument, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China; Beijing Engineering Research Center for Nerve System Drugs, Beijing 100053, China. Electronic address:

Salidroside (SAL), a major bioactive compound of Rhodiola crenulata, has significant anti-hypoxia effect, however, its underlying molecular mechanism has not been elucidated. In order to explore the protective mechanism of SAL, the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), reactive oxygen species (ROS), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and hypoxia-induced factor 1α (HIF-1α) were measured to establish the PC12 cell hypoxic model. Cell staining and cell viability analyses were performed to evaluate the protective effects of SAL. Read More

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Reciprocal priming between receptor tyrosine kinases at recycling endosomes orchestrates cellular signalling outputs.

EMBO J 2021 Jun 4:e107182. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Division of Molecular and Cellular Function, School of Biological Science, Faculty of Biology Medicine and Health (FBMH), The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Integration of signalling downstream of individual receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) is crucial to fine-tune cellular homeostasis during development and in pathological conditions, including breast cancer. However, how signalling integration is regulated and whether the endocytic fate of single receptors controls such signalling integration remains poorly elucidated. Combining quantitative phosphoproteomics and targeted assays, we generated a detailed picture of recycling-dependent fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signalling in breast cancer cells, with a focus on distinct FGF receptors (FGFRs). Read More

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Molecular mechanisms of fat deposition: is a hub gene in fat lipolysis, comparing thin-tailed with fat-tailed sheep breeds.

Arch Anim Breed 2021 17;64(1):53-68. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, The University of Adelaide, South Australia 5371, Australia.

Tail fat content affects meat quality and varies significantly among different breeds of sheep. Ghezel (fat-tailed) and Zel (thin-tailed) are two important Iranian local sheep breeds with different patterns of fat storage. The current study presents the transcriptome characterization of tail fat using RNA sequencing in order to get a better comprehension of the molecular mechanism of lipid storage in the two mentioned sheep breeds. Read More

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February 2021

The unique molecular mechanism of diabetic nephropathy: a bioinformatics analysis of over 250 microarray datasets.

Clin Kidney J 2021 Jun 18;14(6):1626-1638. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Nephrology, Nanjing Medical University Affiliated Wuxi People's Hospital, Wuxi, Jiangsu, China.

Background/aims: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the main causes of end-stage kidney disease worldwide. Emerging studies have suggested that its pathogenesis is distinct from nondiabetic renal diseases in many aspects. However, it still lacks a comprehensive understanding of the unique molecular mechanism of DN. Read More

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SNX-3 mediates retromer-independent tubular endosomal recycling by opposing EEA-1-facilitated trafficking.

PLoS Genet 2021 Jun 3;17(6):e1009607. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Early endosomes are the sorting hub on the endocytic pathway, wherein sorting nexins (SNXs) play important roles for formation of the distinct membranous microdomains with different sorting functions. Tubular endosomes mediate the recycling of clathrin-independent endocytic (CIE) cargoes back toward the plasma membrane. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the tubule formation is still poorly understood. Read More

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The impact of National Containment Measures on a Pediatric Italian regional Hub for COVID-19, an observational study.

Ital J Pediatr 2021 Jun 2;47(1):122. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Occupational Medicine/Health Technology Assessment and Safety Research Unit, Clinical-Technological Innovations Research Area, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCSS, Rome, Italy.

Background: Numerous studies described the epidemiological link and main clinical features of pediatric COVID-19, during the first pandemic period. Our study encompasses several different phases since the National Lockdown in Italy. The primary outcome is (I) to analyze the prevalence of positive NST (Nasopharyngeal Swab Test) among the largest Italian Pediatric cohort admitted to a single regional PED Hub for COVID-19 during an eight-month period. Read More

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LIM homeodomain proteins and associated partners: Then and now.

Curr Top Dev Biol 2021 21;145:113-166. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Chuo University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

The field of molecular embryology started around 1990 by identifying new genes and analyzing their functions in early vertebrate embryogenesis. Those genes encode transcription factors, signaling molecules, their regulators, etc. Most of those genes are relatively highly expressed in specific regions or exhibit dramatic phenotypes when ectopically expressed or mutated. Read More

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COVID-19 Vaccine and Death: Causality Algorithm According to the WHO Eligibility Diagnosis.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 May 26;11(6). Epub 2021 May 26.

Hub Center for Venous and Lymphatic Diseases Regione Emilia-Romagna, Sant'Anna University Hospital of Ferrara, 44124 Ferrara, Italy.

The current challenge worldwide is the administration of anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccines. Even if rarely, severe vascular adverse reactions temporally related to vaccine administration have induced diffidence in the population at large. In particular, researchers worldwide are focusing on the so-called "thrombosis and thrombocytopenia after COVID-19 vaccination". Read More

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Cancer Cell Metabolism in Hypoxia: Role of HIF-1 as Key Regulator and Therapeutic Target.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 27;22(11). Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Biosciences, Biotechnologies and Biopharmaceutics, University of Bari, Via Orabona 4, 70125 Bari, Italy.

In order to meet the high energy demand, a metabolic reprogramming occurs in cancer cells. Its role is crucial in promoting tumor survival. Among the substrates in demand, oxygen is fundamental for bioenergetics. Read More

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Tooth Loss and Blood Pressure in Parkinson's Disease Patients: An Exploratory Study on NHANES Data.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 10;18(9). Epub 2021 May 10.

Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar Egas Moniz (CiiEM), Clinical Research Unit (CRU), Egas Moniz-Cooperativa de Ensino Superior, 2829-511 Caparica, Portugal.

To evaluate tooth loss severity in PD patients and the impact of missing teeth on blood pressure (BP) and glycated hemoglobin (Hba1c) levels. All adults reporting specific PD medication regimens with complete dental examinations were included from the NHANES 2001 to 2018 databases. Sociodemographic, systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP) and Hba1c data were compared according to tooth loss severity, and linear regression analyses on the impact of tooth loss on SBP, DBP and Hba1c levels were conducted. Read More

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Identification of Critical Genes and Signaling Pathways in Human Monocytes Following High-Intensity Exercise.

Authors:
Pengda Li Li Luo

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 May 22;9(6). Epub 2021 May 22.

School of Physical Education and Sports Science, Soochow University, Suzhou 215021, China.

Background: Monocytes are critical components, not only for innate immunity, but also for the activation of the adaptive immune system. Many studies in animals and humans have demonstrated that monocytes may be closely associated with chronic inflammatory diseases and be proved to be pivotal in the association between high-intensity exercise and anti-inflammation response. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms driving this are barely understood. Read More

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Nucleoporin TPR Affects C2C12 Myogenic Differentiation via Regulation of Expression.

Cells 2021 May 21;10(6). Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Biology of the Cell Nucleus, Institute of Molecular Genetics of the CAS, 142 20 Prague, Czech Republic.

The nuclear pore complex (NPC) has emerged as a hub for the transcriptional regulation of a subset of genes, and this type of regulation plays an important role during differentiation. Nucleoporin TPR forms the nuclear basket of the NPC and is crucial for the enrichment of open chromatin around NPCs. TPR has been implicated in the regulation of transcription; however, the role of TPR in gene expression and cell differentiation has not been described. Read More

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Distribution Levels of Particulate Matter Fractions (<2.5 µm, 2.5-10 µm and >10 µm) at Seven Primary Schools in a European Ceramic Cluster.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 5;18(9). Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Agrochemistry and Environment, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, 03202 Elche (Alicante), Spain.

This study addresses the concentration of particulate matter and their size using a statistical analysis of data obtained inside seven schools located in the towns of Castellón (S1, S2, and S3), Alcora (S4, S5, and S6) and Lucena (S7) in northeast Spain. Samples were taken for five to eight hours, depending on school hours, to obtain a monthly sample for each school. The main goal of this study is to assess the differences depending on the type of location and the sampling point to be able to design corrective measures that improve the habitability and safety of the teaching spaces analyzed. Read More

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