34,204 results match your criteria extracellular vesicles

NLRP3 inflammasome in neurodegenerative disease.

Transl Res 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Molecular and Systems Biology, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH. Electronic address:

Neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by a dysregulated neuro-glial microenvironment, culminating in functional deficits resulting from neuronal cell death. Inflammation is a hallmark of the neurodegenerative microenvironment and despite a critical role in tissue homeostasis, increasing evidence suggests that chronic inflammatory insult can contribute to progressive neuronal loss. Inflammation has been studied in the context of neurodegenerative disorders for decades but few anti-inflammatory treatments have advanced to clinical use. Read More

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Biomarker and therapeutic potential of peripheral extracellular vesicles in Alzheimer's disease.

Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2022 Aug 8:114486. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

VIB Center for Inflammation Research, VIB, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Biomedical Molecular Biology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address:

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are cell-derived nanoparticles with an important role in intercellular communication, even across brain barriers. The bidirectional brain-barrier crossing capacity of EVs is supported by research identifying neuronal markers in peripheral EVs, as well as the brain delivery of peripherally administered EVs. In addition, EVs are reflective of their cellular origin, underlining their biomarker and therapeutic potential when released by diseased and regenerative cells, respectively. Read More

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microRNA-93 packaged in extracellular vesicles from mesenchymal stem cells reduce neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury.

Brain Res 2022 Aug 8:148042. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Medical College of Guangxi University, Nanning, 530004, Guangxi, China. Electronic address:

OBJECTIVE Mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles (MSC-EVs) have been proposed as a promising strategy for treating ischemia-related diseases. Herein, we probed into the role of miR-93 delivered by BMSC-EVs in hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HIBD). METHODS Neonatal HIBD mouse models and hippocampal neuron models of oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) were constructed. Read More

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Extracellular vesicles and Alzheimer's disease in the novel era of Precision Medicine: Implications for disease progression, diagnosis and treatment.

Exp Neurol 2022 Aug 8:114183. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Medicine, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal; ICVS/3B's - PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga/Guimarães, Portugal; Institute of Biosciences & Applications NCSR "Demokritos", Athens, Greece. Electronic address:

Extracellular vesicles (EVs), secreted membranous nano-sized particles, are critical intercellular messengers participating in nervous system homeostasis, while recent evidence implicates EVs in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Specifically, small EVs have been shown to spread toxic proteins, induce neuronal loss, and contribute to neuroinflammation and AD progression. On the other hand, EVs can reduce amyloid-beta deposition and transfer neuroprotective substances between cells, mitigating disease mechanisms. Read More

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Mesenchymal stromal cell secretome for traumatic brain injury: Focus on immunomodulatory action.

Exp Neurol 2022 Aug 8:114199. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS, Department of Neuroscience, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

The severity and long-term consequences of brain damage in traumatic brain injured (TBI) patients urgently calls for better neuroprotective/neuroreparative strategies for this devastating disorder. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) hold great promise and have been shown to confer neuroprotection in experimental TBI, mainly through paracrine mechanisms via secreted bioactive factors (i.e. Read More

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Large extracellular vesicles do not mitigate the harmful effect of hyperglycemia on endothelial cell mobility.

Eur J Cell Biol 2022 Aug 4;101(4):151266. Epub 2022 Aug 4.

Department of Medical Physics, Marian Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Applied Computer Science, Jagiellonian University, 11 Łojasiewicza St., Kraków, Poland; Center for Theranostics, Jagiellonian University, 40 Kopernika St., Kraków, Poland. Electronic address:

Extracellular vesicles, especially the larger fraction (LEVs - large extracellular vesicles), are believed to be an important means of intercellular communication. Earlier studies on LEVs have shown their healing properties, especially in the vascular cells of diabetic patients. Uptake of LEVs by endothelial cells and internalization of their cargo have also been demonstrated. Read More

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Exosome mediated Tom40 delivery protects against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress by regulating mitochondrial function.

PLoS One 2022 11;17(8):e0272511. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, United States of America.

Mitochondrial dysfunction is a hallmark of neurodegeneration. The expression level of Tom40, a crucial mitochondrial membrane protein, is significantly reduced in neurodegenerative disease subjects. Tom40 overexpression studies have shown to protect the neurons against oxidative stress by improving mitochondrial function. Read More

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Extracellular vesicle-mediated immunoregulation in cancer.

Int J Hematol 2022 Aug 11. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Department of Molecular and Cellular Medicine, Institute of Medical Science, Tokyo Medical University, 6-7-1, Nishishinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-0023, Japan.

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have emerged as immunomodulatory regulators during tumor progression. These small vesicles encapsulate a variety of molecules, including DNA, RNA, and proteins. When EVs come in contact with recipient cells, the EVs transmit various physiological characteristics; for example, proteins on the surface of EVs act as ligands. Read More

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Platelet-derived extracellular vesicles correlate with therapy-induced nocturnal blood pressure changes.

J Hypertens 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Dobney Hypertension Centre, Medical School - Royal Perth Hospital Unit, Royal Perth Hospital Medical Research Foundation, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.

Introduction: Elevated nocturnal blood pressure (BP) is closely associated with increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) events. Circulating extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been proposed as a potential CV risk biomarker and shown to correlate with BP. The present study aimed to assess whether a reduction in BP is paralleled by respective changes in EVs. Read More

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In vitro evaluation of platelet extracellular vesicles (PEVs) for corneal endothelial regeneration.

Platelets 2022 Aug 10:1-14. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Graduate Institute of Biomedical Materials and Tissue Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Corneal endothelial cells (CECs) slowly decrease in number with increasing age, which is a clinical issue as these cells have very limited regenerative ability. Therapeutic platelet biomaterials are increasingly used in regenerative medicine and cell therapy because of their safety, cost-effective manufacture, and global availability from collected platelet concentrates (PCs). Platelet extracellular vesicles (PEVs) are a complex mixture of potent bioactive vesicles rich in molecules believed to be instrumental in tissue repair and regeneration. Read More

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Mesenchymal stromal cells-derived extracellular vesicles reprogramme macrophages in ARDS models through the miR-181a-5p-PTEN-pSTAT5-SOCS1 axis.

Thorax 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, UK

Rationale: A better understanding of the mechanism of action of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and their extracellular vesicles (EVs) is needed to support their use as novel therapies for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Macrophages are important mediators of ARDS inflammatory response. Suppressor of cytokine signalling (SOCS) proteins are key regulators of the macrophage phenotype switch. Read More

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A cryostat-based frozen section method to increase the yield of extracellular vesicles extracted from different tissues.

Biotechniques 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Gastroenterology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Clinical Research Center for Digestive Disease, Beijing Digestive Disease Center, Beijing Key Laboratory for Precancerous Lesion of Digestive Disease, Beijing, 100050, PR China.

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small vesicles mediating intercellular communications that have been widely used in disease diagnosis. Extracting EVs from tissues is of great importance, but current approaches are finite and the EV yield is limited. Here, the authors introduced a new method to increase EV yield based on frozen sectioning. Read More

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Human platelet lysate-derived extracellular vesicles enhance angiogenesis through miR-126.

Cell Prolif 2022 Aug 9:e13312. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Department of Medical-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, Latina, Italy.

Objectives: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are key biological mediators of several physiological functions within the cell microenvironment. Platelets are the most abundant source of EVs in the blood. Similarly, platelet lysate (PL), the best platelet derivative and angiogenic performer for regenerative purposes, is enriched of EVs, but their role is still too poorly discovered to be suitably exploited. Read More

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Urinary extracellular vesicles and tubular transport.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Transplantation, Erasmus Medical Center, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Tubular transport is a key function of the kidney to maintain electrolyte and acid-base homeostasis. Urinary extracellular vesicles (uEVs) harbor water, electrolyte, and acid-base transporters expressed at the apical plasma membrane of tubular epithelial cells. Within the uEV proteome, the correlations between kidney and uEV protein abundances are strongest for tubular transporters. Read More

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Noncoding RNA-mediated molecular bases of chemotherapy resistance in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Cancer Cell Int 2022 Aug 9;22(1):249. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, 325035, Zhejiang, China.

Despite the significant progress in decreasing the occurrence and mortality of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), it remains a public health issue worldwide on the basis of its late presentation and tumor recurrence. To date, apart from surgical interventions, such as surgical resection, liver transplantation and locoregional ablation, current standard antitumor protocols include conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy. However, due to the high chemoresistance nature, most current therapeutic agents show dismal outcomes for this refractory malignancy, leading to disease relapse. Read More

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Single-particle assessment of six different drug-loading strategies for incorporating doxorubicin into small extracellular vesicles.

Anal Bioanal Chem 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Chemical Biology, The MOE Key Laboratory of Spectrochemical Analysis & Instrumentation, The Key Laboratory for Chemical Biology of Fujian Province, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials, Department of Chemical Biology, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, People's Republic of China.

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have emerged as an attractive drug delivery system owing to their natural roles in intercellular communication. On account of the large intrinsic heterogeneity of EVs, it is highly desirable to evaluate not only the encapsulation efficiency but also the alteration of biological functionality after the drug-loading process at the single-particle level. However, the nanoscale size of EVs poses a great challenge. Read More

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Bacterial extracellular vesicles in the microbiome of first-pass meconium in newborn infants.

Pediatr Res 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Research Unit of Clinical Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.

Background: Bacterial extracellular vesicles (EVs) are more likely to cross biological barriers than whole-cell bacteria. We previously observed EV-sized particles by electron microscopy in the first-pass meconium of newborn infants. We hypothesized that EVs may be of bacterial origin and represent a novel entity in the human microbiome during fetal and perinatal periods. Read More

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Extracellular vesicles and seeding amplification: a step closer to a Parkinson's disease blood test.

Brain 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Tanz Centre for Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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Extracellular vesicles in bone homeostasis: key roles of physiological and pathological conditions.

J Bone Miner Metab 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Department of Molecular and Cellular Medicine, Institute of Medical Science, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, 160-0023, Japan.

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small particles with lipid bilayer membranes that are secreted by all cell types and are widely known as crucial intercellular communication mediators, shuttling biologically active molecules. The bone is a typically preferred site of cancer metastasis due to its unique cellular compositions and dynamics. Bone cell-derived EVs serve as regulators that orchestrate harmonious bone homeostasis. Read More

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Extracellular Vesicle-Encapsulated microRNAs as Novel Biomarkers of Lung Health.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, Environmental Health Sciences, New York, New York, United States.

Rationale: Early detection of respiratory diseases is critical to facilitate delivery of disease-modifying interventions. Extracellular vesicle-enriched microRNAs (EV-miRNAs) may represent reliable markers of early lung injury.

Objective: Evaluate associations of plasma EV-miRNAs with lung function. Read More

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Extracellular Vesicles Isolated From Hypoxia-Preconditioned Adipose-Derived Stem Cells Promote Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1α-Mediated Neovascularization of Random Skin Flap in Rats.

Ann Plast Surg 2022 Aug;89(2):225-229

From the Department of Plastic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Jiangxi, People's Republic of China.

Background: Random flaps are widely used for wound repair. However, flap necrosis is a serious complication leading to the failure of operation. Our previous study demonstrated a great proangiogenic potential of hypoxia-treated adipose-derived stem cells-extracellular vesicles (HT-ASC-EVs). Read More

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A Dynamic Interplay of Circulating Extracellular Vesicles and Galectin-1 Reprograms Viral Latency during HIV-1 Infection.

mBio 2022 Aug 9:e0061122. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Facultad de Medicina, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas en Retrovirus y Sida (INBIRS), Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Combined Antiretroviral therapy (cART) suppresses HIV replication but fails to eradicate the virus, which persists in a small pool of long-lived latently infected cells. Immune activation and residual inflammation during cART are considered to contribute to viral persistence. Galectins, a family of β-galactoside-binding proteins, play central roles in host-pathogen interactions and inflammatory responses. Read More

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Asymmetric depth-filtration: A versatile and scalable method for high-yield isolation of extracellular vesicles with low contamination.

J Extracell Vesicles 2022 Aug;11(8):e12256

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

We developed a novel asymmetric depth filtration (DF) approach to isolate extracellular vesicles (EVs) from biological fluids that outperforms ultracentrifugation and size-exclusion chromatography in purity and yield of isolated EVs. By these metrics, a single-step DF matches or exceeds the performance of multistep protocols with dedicated purification procedures in the isolation of plasma EVs. We demonstrate the selective transit and capture of biological nanoparticles in asymmetric pores by size and elasticity, low surface binding to the filtration medium, and the ability to cleanse EVs held by the filter before their recovery with the reversed flow all contribute to the achieved purity and yield of preparations. Read More

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Multivalent ACE2 engineering-a promising pathway for advanced coronavirus nanomedicine development.

Nano Today 2022 Aug 4:101580. Epub 2022 Aug 4.

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Tennessee, Chattanooga 615 McCallie Ave, Chattanooga, TN 37403, United States.

The spread of coronavirus diseases has resulted in a clarion call to develop potent drugs and vaccines even as different strains appear beyond human prediction. An initial step that is integral to the viral entry into host cells results from an active-targeted interaction of the viral spike (S) proteins and the cell surface receptor, called angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). Thus, engineered ACE2 has been an interesting decoy inhibitor against emerging coronavirus infestation. Read More

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IL-8 Is Upregulated in the Tissue-Derived EVs of Odontogenic Keratocysts.

Biomed Res Int 2022 30;2022:9453270. Epub 2022 Jul 30.

The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) & Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School & Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Background: Interleukin 8 (IL-8) is a chemotactic cytokine released by various cells including leukocytes, endothelial cells, and epithelial cells. IL-8 has multiple functions in inflammation, tumour invasion, or angiogenesis. Human odontogenic cystic lesions are chronic and frequently inflamed. Read More

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Tumor-derived extracellular vesicles for the active targeting and effective treatment of colorectal tumors .

Drug Deliv 2022 Dec;29(1):2621-2631

School of Mechanical Engineering, Chonnam National University, Buk-gu, Gwangju, Korea.

Colorectal cancer remains one of the main causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Although numerous nanomedicine formulations have been developed to tackle the disease, their low selectivity still limits effective therapeutic outcomes. In this study, we isolated extracellular vesicles (EVs) from CT26 colorectal cancer cells and 4T1 murine mammary carcinoma cells, loaded them with the chemotherapeutic agent (doxorubicin, DOX). Read More

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December 2022

Human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes encapsulated in pluronic F127 hydrogel promote wound healing and regeneration.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2022 Aug 8;13(1):407. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Translational Medical Center for Stem Cell Therapy, Shanghai East Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200092, China.

Background: Large area skin trauma has always been a great challenge for both patients and clinicians. Exosomes originating from human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADSCs) have been a novel promising cell-free treatment in cutaneous damage repair. Nevertheless, the low retention rate of exosomes post-transplantation in vivo remains a significant challenge in clinical applications. Read More

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The effect of osteoporotic and non-osteoporotic individuals' T cell-derived exosomes on osteoblast cells' bone remodeling related genes expression and alkaline phosphatase activity.

BMC Res Notes 2022 Aug 8;15(1):272. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Stem Cell Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Objectives: Osteoporosis is a common skeletal disorder attributed to age and is defined as a systematic degradation of bone mass and the microarchitecture leading to bone fractures. Exosomes have been reported in almost all biological fluids and during the failure of bone remodeling. 20 ml of blood samples were obtained from osteoporotic and non-osteoporotic postmenopausal women. Read More

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Blockade of exosome generation by GW4869 inhibits the education of M2 macrophages in prostate cancer.

BMC Immunol 2022 Aug 8;23(1):37. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Jiangxi Academy of Medical Sciences, and Jiangxi Provincial Key Laboratory of Immunotherapy, Nanchang, 330006, Jiangxi, China.

Background: Tumor-associated macrophages are considered to be a major contributor affecting the development of tumors. Recently, numerous studies have shown that tumor cells were able to educate their microenvironment by delivering a significant amount of exosomes, however, the mechanism that exosomes from PCa cells work in macrophage polarization remains obscure. Therefore, we sought to determine whether blockade of exosome generation by GW4869, an inhibitor of exosome biogenesis, would impede macrophages from differentiating into M2 cells. Read More

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Extracellular vesicles derived from Wharton's Jelly mesenchymal stem cells inhibit the tumor environment via the miR-125b/HIF1α signaling pathway.

Sci Rep 2022 Aug 8;12(1):13550. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Ph.D. Program in Humanics, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8575, Japan.

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is associated with worse outcomes and results in high mortality; therefore, great efforts are required to find effective treatment. In the present study, we suggested a novel strategy to treat TNBC using mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-derived extracellular vesicles (EV) to transform the behaviors and cellular communication of TNBC cells (BCC) with other non-cancer cells related to tumorigenesis and metastasis. Our data showed that, BCC after being internalized with EV derived from Wharton's Jelly MSC (WJ-EV) showed the impaired proliferation, stemness properties, tumorigenesis and metastasis under hypoxic conditions. Read More

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