28,644 results match your criteria expression neurotrophins

Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cell Condition Medium Loaded on PCL Nanofibrous Scaffold Promoted Nerve Regeneration After Sciatic Nerve Transection in Male Rats.

Neurotox Res 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Food Engineering, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

Nowadays, researchers pay a vast deal of attention to neural tissue regeneration due to its tremendous effect on the patient's life. There are many strategies, from using conventional autologous nerve grafts to the newly developed methods for reconstructing damaged nerves. Among the various therapeutic methods, incorporating highly potent biomolecules and growth factors, the damaged nerve site would promote nerve regeneration. Read More

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TGF-β regulates nerve growth factor expression in a mouse intervertebral disc injury model.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Jul 23;22(1):634. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 1-15-1 Minami-ku Kitasato, Sagamihara City, Kanagawa, Japan.

Background: Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is a major cause of low back pain (LBP). Following disc injury, nerve growth factor (NGF) concentrations rise in IVDs, and anti-NGF therapy has been shown to attenuate LBP in humans. Increased levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) in degenerative IVDs and in in vitro studies suggest that these factors promote NGF production. Read More

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Insulin Promotes Schwann-Like Cell Differentiation of Rat Epidermal Neural Crest Stem Cells.

Mol Neurobiol 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Neurobiology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Schwann cells (SCs) are considered potentially attractive candidates for transplantation therapies in neurodegenerative diseases. However, problems arising from the isolation and expansion of the SCs restrict their clinical applications. Establishing an alternative Schwann-like cell type is a prerequisite. Read More

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CNTs-CaP/chitosan-coated AZ91D magnesium alloy extract promoted rat dorsal root ganglia neuron growth via activating ERK signalling pathway.

Cell Biochem Funct 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Increasing attention has been paid on the application of biodegradable materials such as magnesium and its alloys in neuron repair. AZ91D magnesium alloy coated with carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and/or calcium phosphate (CaP)/chitosan (CS) was fabricated in this study. To evaluate the bioactivity of these AZ91D-based composites, the extracts were prepared by immersing samples in modified simulated body fluid (m-SBF) for 0, 2, 8, 16, 24, 34, 44, 60, or 90 days. Read More

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Genome-wide chromatin accessibility analyses provide a map for enhancing optic nerve regeneration.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 21;11(1):14924. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Neuroscience, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, 63110, USA.

Retinal Ganglion Cells (RGCs) lose their ability to grow axons during development. Adult RGCs thus fail to regenerate their axons after injury, leading to vision loss. To uncover mechanisms that promote regeneration of RGC axons, we identified transcription factors (TF) and open chromatin regions that are enriched in rat embryonic RGCs (high axon growth capacity) compared to postnatal RGCs (low axon growth capacity). Read More

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A developmental stage- and Kidins220-dependent switch in astrocyte responsiveness to brain-derived neurotrophic factor.

J Cell Sci 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Center for Synaptic Neuroscience and Technology, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, 16132 Genova, Italy.

Astroglial cells are key to maintain nervous system homeostasis. Neurotrophins are known for their pleiotropic effects on neuronal physiology, but also exert complex functions onto glial cells. In this work, we investigated: (i) the signaling competence of embryonic and postnatal primary cortical astrocytes exposed to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF); and (ii) the role of Kinase D interacting substrate (Kidins220), a transmembrane scaffold protein that mediates neurotrophin signaling in neurons, in the astrocyte response to BDNF. Read More

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Topical application of quercetin improves wound repair and regeneration in diabetic rats.

Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 2021 Jul 19:1-18. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Animal Biotechnology, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana, India.

There is an urgent need of effective drug/formulation to speed up the healing process in diabetic wounds. In our earlier studies, quercetin has accelerated the healing of nondiabetic wounds. So, we investigated the wound-healing potentials of quercetin in diabetic rats. Read More

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C-terminal domain small phosphatase 1 (CTDSP1) regulates growth factor expression and axonal regeneration in peripheral nerve tissue.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 14;11(1):14462. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Laboratory of Clinical and Experimental Orthopaedics, Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, 4801 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD, 20889, USA.

Peripheral Nerve Injury (PNI) represents a major clinical and economic burden. Despite the ability of peripheral neurons to regenerate their axons after an injury, patients are often left with motor and/or sensory disability and may develop chronic pain. Successful regeneration and target organ reinnervation require comprehensive transcriptional changes in both injured neurons and support cells located at the site of injury. Read More

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Ultrarapid Inflammation of the Olfactory Bulb After Spinal Cord Injury: Protective Effects of the Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor on Early Neurodegeneration in the Brain.

Front Aging Neurosci 2021 25;13:701702. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Biotechnology and Animal Science, College of Bioresources, National Ilan University, Yilan, Taiwan.

The correlation among olfactory dysfunction, spinal cord injury (SCI), subjective cognitive decline, and neurodegenerative dementia has been established. Impaired olfaction is considered a marker for neurodegeneration. Hence, there is a need to examine if SCI leads to olfactory dysfunction. Read More

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Production of bioactive recombinant human fibroblast growth factor 12 using a new transient expression vector in E. coli and its neuroprotective effects.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Jul 10;105(13):5419-5431. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

School of Pharmaceutical Science, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, 325035, China.

In recent years, an increasing number of studies have shown that fibroblast growth factor 12 (FGF12) plays important roles in regulating neural development and function. Importantly, changes of FGF12 expression are thought to be related to the pathophysiology of many neurological diseases. However, little research has been performed to explore the protective effect of FGF12 on nerve damage. Read More

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Prenatal Stress in Maternal Hyperhomocysteinemia: Impairments in the Fetal Nervous System Development and Placental Function.

Biochemistry (Mosc) 2021 Jun;86(6):716-728

Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology named after D.O.Ott, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russia.

The article presents current views on maternal hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) as an important factor causing prenatal stress and impaired nervous system development in fetuses and newborns in early ontogenesis, as well as complications in adulthood. Experimental data demonstrate that prenatal HHcy (PHHcy) affects the morphological maturation of the brain and activity of its neurotransmitter systems. Cognitive deficit observed in the offspring subjected to PHHcy in experimental studies can presumably cause the predisposition to various neurodegenerative diseases, as the role of maternal HHcy in the pathogenesis such diseases has been proven in clinical studies. Read More

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Long-Term Social Isolation Reduces Expression of the BDNF Precursor and Prolyl Endopeptidase in the Rat Brain.

Biochemistry (Mosc) 2021 Jun;86(6):704-715

Institute of General Pathology and Pathophysiology, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, 125315, Russia.

Early-life stress is a risk factor for the development of behavioral and cognitive disorders in humans and animals. Such stressful situations include social isolation in early postnatal ontogenesis. Behavioral and cognitive impairments associated with neuroplastic changes in brain structures. Read More

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Synergic Neuroprotection Between Hort and Borneol Against Ischemic Stroke by Neurogenesis Modulating Reactive Astrogliosis and Maintaining the Blood-Brain Barrier.

Front Pharmacol 2021 16;12:666790. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Pharmacology and Safety Evaluation of Chinese Materia Medica, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Hort (LCH) is a famous ethnomedicine in Asia known for its excellent output on stroke treatment, and borneol usually acts as an assistant for its reducing permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) after stroke. Although their synergy against brain ischemia was verified in previous studies, the potential mechanism is still unknown. The research aimed to explore the exact synergic mechanisms between LCH and borneol on neurogenesis within the areas of the dentate gyrus and subventricular zone. Read More

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Sex-Based Differences in Cardiac Gene Expression and Function in BDNF Val66Met Mice.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jun 29;22(13). Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Biology, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY 42101, USA.

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a pleiotropic neuronal growth and survival factor that is indispensable in the brain, as well as in multiple other tissues and organs, including the cardiovascular system. In approximately 30% of the general population, BDNF harbors a nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphism that may be associated with cardiometabolic disorders, coronary artery disease, and Duchenne muscular dystrophy cardiomyopathy. We recently showed that transgenic mice with the human BDNF rs6265 polymorphism (Val66Met) exhibit altered cardiac function, and that cardiomyocytes isolated from these mice are also less contractile. Read More

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Differences in the Relative Abundance of ProBDNF and Mature BDNF in A549 and H1299 Human Lung Cancer Cell Media.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jun 30;22(13). Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Chemistry Department, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, MI 48197, USA.

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of the neurotrophin family, has been linked to several human malignancies and shown to promote tumorigenesis. The purpose of this study was to explore the relative abundance of pro-brain-derived neurotrophic factor (proBDNF) and mature BDNF (mBDNF) in A549 (p53 wild-type) and H1299 (p53-null) lung cancer cell media. Higher levels of proBDNF were detected in the media of A549 cells than in H1299 cell media. Read More

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Utilizing the ABC Transporter for Growth Factor Production by Deletion Mutant of .

Biomedicines 2021 Jun 16;9(6). Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Biological Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon 34141, Korea.

, a gram-negative bacterium, has been proven to be a capable protein manufacturing factory (PMF). Utilizing its ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter, a type I secretion system, has successfully produced recombinant proteins. However, besides the target proteins, also secretes unnecessary background proteins that complicate protein purification and other downstream processes. Read More

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BDNF as a Putative Target for Standardized Extract of -Induced Persistence of Object Recognition Memory.

Molecules 2021 Jun 1;26(11). Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Cellular and Behavioral Pharmacology Laboratory, The Graduate Program in Biological Chemistry, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo 09972-270, Brazil.

Despite considerable progress on the study of the effect of standardized extract of (EGb) on memory processes, our understanding of its role in the persistence of long-term memory (LTM) and the molecular mechanism underlying its effect, particularly episodic-like memory, is limited. We here investigated the effects of EGb on the long-term retention of recognition memory and its persistence and BDNF expression levels in the dorsal hippocampal formation (DHF). Adult male Wistar rats (n = 10/group) were handled for 10 min/5 day. Read More

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Association of miRNA and mRNA Levels of the Clinical Onset of Multiple Sclerosis Patients.

Biology (Basel) 2021 Jun 20;10(6). Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Department of Chemistry and Clinical Biochemistry, Medical University of Lodz, 90-136 Lodz, Poland.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the central nervous system, in which many factors can act together to influence disease susceptibility and progression. To date, the exact cause of MS is still unclear, but it is believed to result from an abnormal response of the immune system to one or more myelin antigens that develops in genetically susceptible individuals after their exposure to a, as yet undefined, causal agent. In our study, we assessed the effect of microRNAs on the expression level of neuroprotective proteins, including neurotrophins (BDNF and NT4/5), heat shock proteins (HSP70 and HSP27), and sirtuin (SIRT1) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in the development of multiple sclerosis. Read More

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Brain Protein Expression Profile Confirms the Protective Effect of the ACTHPGP Peptide (Semax) in a Rat Model of Cerebral Ischemia-Reperfusion.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jun 8;22(12). Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Institute of Molecular Genetics of National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Kurchatov Sq. 2, 123182 Moscow, Russia.

The Semax (Met-Glu-His-Phe-Pro-Gly-Pro) peptide is a synthetic melanocortin derivative that is used in the treatment of ischemic stroke. Previously, studies of the molecular mechanisms underlying the actions of Semax using models of cerebral ischemia in rats showed that the peptide enhanced the transcription of neurotrophins and their receptors and modulated the expression of genes involved in the immune response. A genome-wide RNA-Seq analysis revealed that, in the rat transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) model, Semax suppressed the expression of inflammatory genes and activated the expression of neurotransmitter genes. Read More

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Glutathione Deficiency during Early Postnatal Development Causes Schizophrenia-Like Symptoms and a Reduction in BDNF Levels in the Cortex and Hippocampus of Adult Sprague-Dawley Rats.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jun 8;22(12). Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Neuro-Psychopharmacology, Maj Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 12 Smętna Street, 31-343 Kraków, Poland.

Growing body of evidence points to dysregulation of redox status in the brain as an important factor in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of l-buthionine-(,)-sulfoximine (BSO), a glutathione (GSH) synthesis inhibitor, and 1-[2-Bis(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]ethyl]-4-(3-phenylpropyl)piperazine dihydrochloride (GBR 12909), a dopamine reuptake inhibitor, given alone or in combination, to Sprague-Dawley pups during early postnatal development (p5-p16), on the time course of the onset of schizophrenia-like behaviors, and on the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA and its protein in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus (HIP) during adulthood. BSO administered alone decreased the levels of BDNF mRNA and its protein both in the PFC and HIP. Read More

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Dysregulated copper transport in multiple sclerosis may cause demyelination via astrocytes.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Jul;118(27)

Division of Neuroscience, Institute of Experimental Neurology, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS) San Raffaele Scientific Institute, 20132, Milan, Italy;

Demyelination is a key pathogenic feature of multiple sclerosis (MS). Here, we evaluated the astrocyte contribution to myelin loss and focused on the neurotrophin receptor TrkB, whose up-regulation on the astrocyte finely demarcated chronic demyelinated areas in MS and was paralleled by neurotrophin loss. Mice lacking astrocyte TrkB were resistant to demyelination induced by autoimmune or toxic insults, demonstrating that TrkB signaling in astrocytes fostered oligodendrocyte damage. Read More

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Structural basis of NF-κB signaling by the p75 neurotrophin receptor interaction with adaptor protein TRADD through their respective death domains.

J Biol Chem 2021 Jun 25;297(2):100916. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

School of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin, PR China; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Function and Application of Biological Macromolecular Structures, School of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin, PR China; Department of Physiology, National University of Singapore, Singapore; Life Sciences Institute, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address:

The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75) is a critical mediator of neuronal death and tissue remodeling and has been implicated in various neurodegenerative diseases and cancers. The death domain (DD) of p75 is an intracellular signaling hub and has been shown to interact with diverse adaptor proteins. In breast cancer cells, binding of the adaptor protein TRADD to p75 depends on nerve growth factor and promotes cell survival. Read More

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Clinical relevance of depressed kynurenine pathway in episodic migraine patients: potential prognostic markers in the peripheral plasma during the interictal period.

J Headache Pain 2021 Jun 25;22(1):60. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Semmelweis u 6, Szeged, H6725, Hungary.

Background: Altered glutamatergic neurotransmission and neuropeptide levels play a central role in migraine pathomechanism. Previously, we confirmed that kynurenic acid, an endogenous glutamatergic antagonist, was able to decrease the expression of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide 1-38, a neuropeptide with known migraine-inducing properties. Hence, our aim was to reveal the role of the peripheral kynurenine pathway (KP) in episodic migraineurs. Read More

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Inhibition of plasminogen/plasmin system retrieves endogenous nerve growth factor and adaptive spinal synaptic plasticity following peripheral nerve injury.

Neurochem Int 2021 Sep 23;148:105113. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Division of Human Anatomy, Laboratory of Morphology of Neuronal Networks, Department of Mental and Physical Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples, Italy. Electronic address:

Dysfunctions of the neuronal-glial crosstalk and/or impaired signaling of neurotrophic factors represent key features of the maladaptive changes in the central nervous system (CNS) in neuroinflammatory as neurodegenerative disorders. Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)/plasminogen (PA)/plasmin system has been involved in either process of maturation and degradation of nerve growth factor (NGF), highlighting multiple potential targets for new therapeutic strategies. We here investigated the role of intrathecal (i. Read More

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September 2021

Glial-derived neurotrophic factor in human airway smooth muscle.

J Cell Physiol 2021 Jun 25. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells modulate the local airway milieu via production of inflammatory mediators and growth factors including classical neurotrophins, such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). The glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family of ligands (GFLs) are nonclassical neurotrophins and their role in the airway is barely understood. The major GFLs, GDNF and Neurturin (NRTN) bind to GDNF family receptor (GFR) α1 and α2 respectively that pair with Ret receptor to accomplish signaling. Read More

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Neuroplasticity and non-invasive brain stimulation in the developing brain.

Prog Brain Res 2021 3;264:57-89. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Faculdade de Medicina da Bahia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Brazil.

The brain is a dynamic organ whose growth and organization varies according to each subject's life experiences. Through adaptations in gene expression and the release of neurotrophins and neurotransmitters, these experiences induce a process of cellular realignment and neural network reorganization, which consolidate what is called neuroplasticity. However, despite the brain's resilience and dynamism, neuroplasticity is maximized during the first years of life, when the developing brain is more sensitive to structural reorganization and the repair of damaged neurons. Read More

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Physical exercise mitigates neuropathic changes in an animal model for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease 1X.

Exp Neurol 2021 Sep 19;343:113786. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Neurology, Section of Developmental Neurobiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.. Electronic address:

Inherited neuropathies of the Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) type 1 are still untreatable diseases of the peripheral nervous system. We have previously shown that macrophages substantially amplify neuropathic changes in various mouse models of CMT1 subforms and that targeting innate immune cells substantially ameliorates disease outcome. However, up to date, specific approaches targeting macrophages pharmacologically might entail side effects. Read More

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September 2021

PACAP modulates the transcription of TLR-1/TLR-5/MyD88 pathway genes and boosts antimicrobial defenses in Clarias gariepinus.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2021 Aug 17;115:150-159. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Veterinary Immunology Project, Animal Biotechnology Division, Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Havana, Cuba. Electronic address:

Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a multifunctional neuropeptide that belongs to the secretin/glucagon/GHRH/VIP superfamily. Some of these molecules have antimicrobial activity and they are capable of stimulating the immune system. The present work studied the antibacterial and immunostimulatory activity of PACAP-38 from African catfish Clarias gariepinus against the Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa in an in vivo test. Read More

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Chemical and Green ZnO nanoparticles ameliorated adverse effects of cisplatin on histological structure, antioxidant defense system and neurotrophins expression in rat hippocampus.

J Chem Neuroanat 2021 Jun 17;116:101990. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Basic Sciences, Division of Histology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.

Cisplatin (CP) is a chemotherapy agent used in the treatment of cancer, but it has various side effects, in particular, neurotoxicity. Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are a potent antioxidant. However, there is limited knowledge about the protective effects of ZnO NPs against CP-induced hippocampal toxicity. Read More

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FoxG1 regulates the formation of cortical GABAergic circuit during an early postnatal critical period resulting in autism spectrum disorder-like phenotypes.

Nat Commun 2021 06 18;12(1):3773. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Neurophysiology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan.

Abnormalities in GABAergic inhibitory circuits have been implicated in the aetiology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). ASD is caused by genetic and environmental factors. Several genes have been associated with syndromic forms of ASD, including FOXG1. Read More

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