635,400 results match your criteria expression levels

Differential DNA Methylation of the IMMP2L Gene in Families with Maternally Inherited 7q31.1 Microdeletions is Associated with Intellectual Disability and Developmental Delay.

Cytogenet Genome Res 2021 Apr 13:1-15. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Research Institute of Medical Genetics, Tomsk National Research Medical Center, Tomsk, Russian Federation.

Most copy number variations (CNVs) in the human genome display incomplete penetrance with unknown underlying mechanisms. One such mechanism may be epigenetic modification, particularly DNA methylation. The IMMP2L gene is located in a critical region for autism susceptibility on chromosome 7q (AUTS1). Read More

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Curcumin Reduces Neuroinflammation and Improves the Impairments of Anesthetics on Learning and Memory by Regulating the Expression of miR-181a-5p.

Neuroimmunomodulation 2021 Apr 13:1-9. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Anesthesiology, Laiyang Central Hospital, Yantai City, China.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the role of curcumin (Cur) in isoflurane (ISO)-induced learning and memory dysfunction in Sprague-Dawley rats and further elucidate the mechanism of the protective effect produced by Cur.

Methods: Rat models of cognitive impairment were established by inhaling 3% ISO. The Morris water maze test was used to assess the cognitive function of rats. Read More

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Preliminary Investigation about the Expression of G Protein-Coupled Receptors in Platelets from Patients with Chronic Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura.

Acta Haematol 2021 Apr 13:1-9. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, China.

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the expression of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) in platelets from adult patients with chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP).

Methods: Peripheral blood samples were collected from 40 patients with chronic ITP in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, and 40 peripheral blood samples from healthy volunteers were collected; expressions of the adenosine diphosphate receptors (P2Y1 and P2Y12), alpha-2A adrenergic receptor (α2A-AR), and thromboxane A2 receptor (TP) in platelets were detected by flow cytometry. Gα protein, protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1), and protease-activated receptor 4 (PAR4) were analyzed by Western blot and analyzed statistically. Read More

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Dual activation of Hedgehog and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway caused by downregulation of SUFU targeted by miRNA-150 in human gastric cancer.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 Apr 12;13. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Guangdong Key Laboratory for Genome Stability and Disease Prevention, Department of Pathology, Shenzhen University School of Medicine, Shenzhen 518060, Guangdong, P.R. China.

Mounting evidence has shown that miRNA-150 expression is upregulated in gastric cancer (GC) and is associated with gastric carcinogenesis, but the underlying oncogenic mechanism remains elusive. Here, we discovered that miRNA-150 targets the tumor suppressor SUFU to promote cell proliferation, migration, and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) via the dual activation of Hedgehog (Hh) and Wnt signaling. MiRNA-150 was highly expressed in GC tissues and cell lines, and the level of this miRNA was negatively related to that of SUFU. Read More

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Reproductive performance, expression of TRAP6 and TGF-β4 genes in utero-vaginal junction mucosa, and indicators of liver function in female Chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar) breeders fed with fish oil and calcitriol during the egg-laying period.

Theriogenology 2021 Mar 30;168:50-58. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Animal Science, Sari Agricultural Science and Natural Resources University, Sari, 48177- 36781, Iran.

Reproductive attributes, expression of TRAP6 and TGF-β mRNA in the mucosa of the utero-vaginal junction (UVJ) of oviduct, and liver function were evaluated in Chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar) breeders subjected to long-term oral administration of fish oil (FO) and/or calcitriol (CT). A total of forty-eight 1.5-year-old laying Chukar partridges and 16 age-matched males (female:male ratio of 3:1) were randomly allocated to four groups (4 replicates of 3 female birds and one male bird each). Read More

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Evolution of sexual development and sexual dimorphism in insects.

Curr Opin Genet Dev 2021 Apr 10;69:129-139. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Evolution and Ecology, University of California, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA, 95616, USA.

Most animal species consist of two distinct sexes. At the morphological, physiological, and behavioral levels the differences between males and females are numerous and dramatic, yet at the genomic level they are often slight or absent. This disconnect is overcome because simple genetic differences or environmental signals are able to direct the sex-specific expression of a shared genome. Read More

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Bortezomib alleviates myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury via enhancing of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Apr 10;556:207-214. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Cardiology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:

Bortezomib is a classical proteasome inhibitor and previous researches have reported its roles of anti-oxidation and anti-inflammatory functions in various diseases. However, the role of Bortezomib in myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI) is unclear. Thus, our research seeks to reveal the protective effects of Bortezomib pretreatment in the mice model of MIRI. Read More

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Involvement of mitochondrial fission in renal tubular pyroptosis in mice exposed to high and environmental levels of glyphosate combined with hard water.

Environ Pollut 2021 Apr 5;283:117082. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Chronic interstitial nephritis in agricultural communities (CINAC) has reached epidemic proportions. The combination of glyphosate and hard water has been postulated to play a potent aetiological role in CINAC. Therefore, dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1)-mediated aberrant mitochondrial fission and subsequent activation of the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor protein 3 (Nlrp3)/caspase1 pathway may be involved in the pathogenesis of nephropathy. Read More

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Common variants in CREB1 gene confer risk for bipolar disorder in Han Chinese.

Asian J Psychiatr 2021 Apr 6;59:102648. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Division of Mood Disorders, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Psychotic Disorders, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Recently, we have identified involvement of the gene encoding cAMP responsive element-binding 1 (CREB1) in risk of BD in European ancestry. CREB1 has significant genetic diversity between Europeans and Chinese, thereby resulting in diverged CREB1 genetic backgrounds. In this study, we aimed to determine whether CREB1 confers susceptibility to BD and cognitive dysfunction in Han Chinese. Read More

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Antihypertensive potential of selected pyrimidine derivatives: Explanation of underlying mechanistic pathways.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Apr 10;139:111567. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia.

This study was designed to determine the effectiveness of 5-(3-Hydroxybenzylidene)-2, 4, 6(1H, 3H, 5H)-pyrimidinetrione (SR-5), 5-(4-Hydroxybenzylidene)-2, 4, 6(1H, 3H, 5H)-pyrimidinetrione (SR-8), 5-(3-Chlorobenzylidene)-2, 4, 6(1H, 3H, 5H)-pyrimidinetrione (SR-9) and 5-(4-Chlorobenzylidene)-2, 4, 6(1H, 3H, 5H)-pyrimidinetrione (SR-10) against hypertension. In deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt rats, SR-5, SR-8, SR-9, and SR-10 reduced blood pressure and normalized renal functions. In isolated rat aortic rings, SR-5, SR-8, SR-9, and SR-10 relaxed phenylephrine (PE) and K-induced contractions. Read More

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Arsenic accumulation and speciation in two cultivars of Pteris cretica L. and characterization of arsenate reductase PcACR2 and arsenite transporter PcACR3 genes in the hyperaccumulating cv. Albo-lineata.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Apr 10;216:112196. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague, Technická 3, 166 28 Prague, Czech Republic. Electronic address:

Pollution and poisoning with carcinogenic arsenic (As) is of major concern globally. Interestingly, there are ferns that can naturally tolerate remarkably high As concentrations in soils while hyperaccumulating this metalloid in their fronds. Besides Pteris vittata in which As-related traits and molecular determinants have been studied in detail, the As hyperaccumulation status has been attributed also to Pteris cretica. Read More

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Immune response and susceptibility of Nile tilapia fish to Aeromonas hydrophila infection following the exposure to Bifenthrin and/or supplementation with Petroselinum crispum essential oil.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Apr 10;216:112205. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sadat City, 32897, Egypt.

Bifenthrin (BF) is a widely used 3rd generation type I pyrethroid with a potential toxic effect in fish. Nevertheless, its effect on the immune system remains unclear. In the present study, Oreochromis niloticus was exposed to BF at 0. Read More

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LncRNA ZFAS1 plays a role in regulating the inflammatory responses in sepsis-induced acute lung injury via mediating miR-193a-3p.

Yan Jiang Wei Zhang

Infect Genet Evol 2021 Apr 10:104860. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Yantaishan Hospital, Yantai 264001, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To explore the role of lncRNA ZFAS1-mediated miR-193a-3p in the regulation of inflammatory responses in rats with sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI).

Methods: Sepsis-induced ALI models were constructed by LPS induction and then injected with ZFAS1 overexpression plasmid. Thereafter, lung injury score and the W/D weight ratio were calculated. Read More

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Long noncoding RNA PVT1 promotes tumour progression via the miR-128/ZEB1 axis and predicts poor prognosis in esophageal cancer.

Jing Hu Weifang Gao

Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2021 Apr 10:101701. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of digestive, Shijiazhuang People's Hospital, 050011 Shijiazhuang, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To confirm the value of PVT1 as a prognostic marker both in tumor tissue and serum of patients with esophageal cancer and clarify the mechanism.

Methods: This study analyzed data obtained from 76 patients who were surgically treated from January 1, 2015, to December 31, 2016, and received a pathological diagnosis of ESCC. PVT1 levels in tumor tissue and serum were detected by qRT-PCR. Read More

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Low Serum Alkaline Phosphatase Levels in Patients with Chronic Liver Diseases: Possible Contributions to Disease Pathogenesis.

Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2021 Apr 10:101694. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Section of Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Canada; Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Rady College of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Electronic address:

Objectives: A low serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level is an uncommon finding in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). The precise prevalence of this finding and whether low ALP expression influences CLD remain to be determined. The objectives of this study were: (1) to document the prevalence of low serum ALP levels in adult CLD patients and (2) compare features of CLD in patients with low versus normal or elevated serum ALP levels. Read More

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Mettl14-mediated mA Modification Facilitates Liver Regeneration by Maintaining Endoplasmic Reticulum Homeostasis.

Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Laboratory of Pathology, Key Laboratory of Transplant Engineering and Immunology, NHC, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China; Department of Pathology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China.

Background & Aims: N-methyladenosine (mA), the most prevalent and dynamic posttranscriptional methylation modification of mammalian mRNA, is involved in various biological processes, but its role in liver regeneration has not been characterized.

Methods: We first conducted transcriptome-wide mA mRNA sequencing (mA-seq) and characterized the expression pattern of mA in regenerating mouse liver. Next, we generated hepatocyte-specific Mettl3- or Mettl14-deficient mice and investigated their role in liver regeneration. Read More

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β-1,3-glucan from Euglena gracilis as an immunostimulant mediates the antiparasitic effect against Mesanophrys sp. on hemocytes in marine swimming crab (Portunus trituberculatus).

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Key Laboratory of Applied Marine Biotechnology, Ministry of Education; Collaborative Innovation Center for Zhejiang Marine High-efficiency and Healthy Aquaculture; School of Marine Sciences, Ningbo University, 818 Fenghua Road, Ningbo 315211, P. R. China. Electronic address:

β-1,3-glucans, natural polysaccharide groups, exert immunomodulatory effects to improve the innate response and disease resistance in aquatic species and mammals. However, this β-glucan stimulant is yet to be assayed in swimming crab (Portunus trituberculatus) hemocytes. In this study, we explored the immunomodulatory effect of β-1,3-glucans (derived from Euglena gracilis) via in vitro 24 h stimulation assays in swimming crab hemocytes. Read More

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Characterization of mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi) IL-6 and IL-6 signal transducer and the association between their SNPs and resistance to ISKNV disease.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Pearl River Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Key Laboratory of Fishery Drug Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Key Laboratory of Aquatic Animal Immune Technology, Guangdong Provinces, Guangzhou, 510380, China.

In fish, interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a very important immune-regulatory cytokine that plays a polyfunctional role in inflammation, metabolism, regeneration, and neural processes. IL-6 signal transducer (IL-6ST) is a specific receptor for IL-6 and expressed mainly in immune cells and hepatocytes. In this study, the complete cDNA and genomic DNA sequences of mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi) IL-6 and IL-6ST genes were identified and analyzed. Read More

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Clinico-pathological and transcriptomic analysis of radiation-induced lung injury in non-human primates.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Pathology, Section on Comparative Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1040, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) is a progressive condition, with an early phase, radiation pneumonitis (RP), and a late phase, lung fibrosis (LF). RILI may occur after partial-body ionizing radiation exposures or by internal radioisotope exposure, with wide individual variability in timing and extent of lung injury. This study aims to provide new insights into the pathogenesis and progression of RILI in the non-human primate (NHP) rhesus macaque model. Read More

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Gut-specific arylphorin mediates midgut regenerative response against cry-induced damage in Achaea janata.

Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 2021 Apr 10:110600. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Human Genetics and Molecular Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Central University of Punjab, Ghudda, Bathinda 151401, India.

Development of insect resistance to biopesticides is a current and pertinent global issue. Earlier, it was established that lepidopteran larvae can recover from Bt intoxication via a midgut regenerative response and subsequently generate resistance. Molecular aspects of restoration of the midgut integrity following toxin exposure are emerging recently. Read More

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Synergistic effects of green tea extract and Paclitaxel in the induction of mitochondrial apoptosis in ovarian cancer cell lines.

Gene 2021 Apr 10:145638. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Medical Radiation, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Green tea is a natural compound with anti-neoplastic properties. Paclitaxel (PTX) is a natural anti-tumor medication used to manage patients with advanced ovarian cancer. This manuscript evaluated the cytotoxic effects of green tea extract combined with PTX drug in two human ovarian cancer cell lines (p53-negative cell line, SKOV-3; and mutant type p53 cell line, OVCAR-3) and underlying mechanisms. Read More

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Tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interferon-gamma induce inflammasome-mediated corneal endothelial cell death.

Exp Eye Res 2021 Apr 10:108574. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA; Interdisciplinary Stem Cell Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

Purpose: Chronic corneal endothelial cell (CEC) loss results in corneal edema and vision loss in conditions such as pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK), Fuchs' dystrophy, and corneal graft failure. Low CEC density has been associated with an elevation of intraocular pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon (INF)-γ. These cytokines are capable of triggering pyroptosis, a programmed cell death mechanism mediated by the inflammasome, prompting the activation of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1β, the perpetuation of inflammation, and subsequent damage of corneal endothelial tissue. Read More

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Morin attenuates dexamethasone-mediated oxidative stress and atrophy in mouse C2C12 skeletal myotubes.

Arch Biochem Biophys 2021 Apr 10:108873. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Nutritional Physiology, Institute of Medical Nutrition, Tokushima University Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan. Electronic address:

Glucocorticoids are the drugs most commonly used to manage inflammatory diseases. However, they are prone to inducing muscle atrophy by increasing muscle proteolysis and decreasing protein synthesis. Various studies have demonstrated that antioxidants can mitigate glucocorticoid-induced skeletal muscle atrophy. Read More

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Secreted Extracellular Cyclophilin A is a Novel Mediator of Ventilator Induced Lung Injury.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Imperial College London, Anaesthetics & Intensive Care, London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland;

Rationale: Mechanical ventilation is a mainstay of intensive care but contributes to the mortality of patients through ventilator induced lung injury. Extracellular Cyclophilin A is an emerging inflammatory mediator and metalloproteinase inducer, and the gene responsible for its expression has recently been linked to COVID-19 infection.

Objectives: Here we explore the involvement of extracellular Cyclophilin A in the pathophysiology of ventilator-induced lung injury. Read More

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A Natural Product Chemist's Guide to Unlocking Silent Biosynthetic Gene Clusters.

Annu Rev Biochem 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA; email:

Microbial natural products have provided an important source of therapeutic leads and motivated research and innovation in diverse scientific disciplines. In recent years, it has become evident that bacteria harbor a large, hidden reservoir of potential natural products in the form of silent or cryptic biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs). These can be readily identified in microbial genome sequences but do not give rise to detectable levels of a natural product. Read More

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Study of the effect of light on follicular development in laying hens.

Anim Biosci 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Science, Wuhan, 430064, P. R. China.

Objective: The oxidative stress status and changes of chicken ovary tissue after shading were studied, to determine the mechanism of the effect of shading on follicular development.

Methods: Twenty healthy laying hens (40 weeks old) with uniform body weight and the same laying rate were randomly divided into two groups (the shading group and normal light group). In the shading group, the cage was covered to reduce the light intensity inside the cage to 0 without affecting ventilation or food intake. Read More

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VPS34 suppression reverses osimertinib resistance via simultaneously inhibiting glycolysis and autophagy.

Carcinogenesis 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Respiratory Disease, Daping Hospital, Army Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Autophagy and glycolysis are associated with osimertinib resistance. The energy complement and dynamic balance between these two processes make it difficult to block the process of drug resistance; breaking the complementary relationship between them may effectively overcome drug resistance. However, the exact mechanisms and the key players for regulating autophagy and glycolysis remain unclear. Read More

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In vivo FRET-FLIM reveals ER-specific increases in the ABA level upon environmental stresses.

Plant Physiol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Key Laboratory of Molecular Design for Plant Cell Factory of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes, Department of Biology, School of Life Science, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China.

Plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) is essential for regulating plant growth and various stress responses. ABA-mediated signaling depends on local ABA levels rather than overall cellular ABA concentration. Whereas cellular concentration of ABA can be detected using Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based ABA probes, direct imaging of subcellular ABA levels remains unsolved. Read More

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LncRNA PlncRNA-1 accelerates the progression of prostate cancer by regulating PTEN/Akt axis.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 Apr 13;13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Urology, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250021, China.

Long non-coding RNAs are key regulators of tumor development and progression, with the potential to be biomarkers of tumors. This study aimed to explore the role of PlncRNA-1 in the progression of prostate cancer (PCa). We found that PlncRNA-1 was up-regulated in 85. Read More

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TREM2 Dictates Antibacterial Defense and Viability of Bone Marrow-derived Macrophages During Bacterial Infection.

Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Zhejiang University School of Medicine First Affiliated Hospital, 71069, Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Hangzhou, China;

Macrophages undergo profound metabolic reprogramming to join key immunoregulatory functions, which can be initiated by pattern recognition receptors. TREM2, a macrophage phagocytic receptor, plays pivotal roles in sepsis by enhancing bacterial clearance, which is associated with regulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. However, how intracellular ROS participate in TREM2-mediated bactericidal activity remains unclear. Read More

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