28,219 results match your criteria explored impact


Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the psychological health of individuals with mental health conditions: A mixed methods study.

J Clin Psychol 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Québec, Canada.

Objectives: This study explored how the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected individuals with mental health conditions.

Methods: Participants were 477 adults (82% female) who reported a past-year mental health condition. They completed an online survey that included an open-ended question. Read More

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September 2021

Bismuth-based nanoparticles impair adipogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells.

Toxicol In Vitro 2021 Sep 21:105248. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Rede de Plataformas Tecnológicas FIOCRUZ - Bioensaios com Métodos Alternativos em Citotoxicidade, Instituto Carlos Chagas, FIOCRUZ Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. Electronic address:

Bismuth-based nanoparticles (BiNPs) have attracted attention for their potential biomedical applications. However, there is a lack of information concerning their interaction with biological systems. In this study, it was investigated the effect of physically synthesized BiNPs to human adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs). Read More

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September 2021

Fate of glacier surface snow-originating bacteria in the glacier-fed hydrologic continuums.

Environ Microbiol 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Biological Sciences, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA.

Glaciers represent important biomes of Earth and are recognized as key species pools for downstream aquatic environments. Worldwide, rapidly receding glaciers are driving shifts in hydrology, species distributions and threatening microbial diversity in glacier-fed aquatic ecosystems. However, the impact of glacier surface snow-originating taxa on the microbial diversity in downstream aquatic environments has been little explored. Read More

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September 2021

Assessment of Prediction Methods for Protein Structures Determined by NMR in CASP14: Impact of AlphaFold2.

Proteins 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Dept of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Sciences, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA.

NMR studies can provide unique information about protein conformations in solution. In CASP14, three reference structures provided by solution NMR methods were available (T1027, T1029, and T1055), as well as a fourth data set of NMR-derived contacts for an integral membrane protein (T1088). For the three targets with NMR-based structures, the best prediction results ranged from very good (GDT_TS = 0. Read More

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September 2021

The Impact of Right Temporal Lobe Epilepsy On Nonverbal Memory: Meta-regression of Stimulus- and Task-related Moderators.

Neuropsychol Rev 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, 2109, Australia.

Nonverbal memory tests have great potential value for detecting the impact of lateralized pathology and predicting the risk of memory loss following right temporal lobe resection (TLR) for temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients, but this potential has not been realized. Previous reviews suggest that stimulus type moderates the capacity of nonverbal memory tests to detect right-lateralized pathology (i.e. Read More

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September 2021

Role of male partners in the long-term well-being of women who have experienced severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in rural Tanzania: a qualitative study.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 Sep 24:1-8. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Anthropology Department, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Men can be essential sources of support in maternal health, even more so in case of severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM), affecting 1-2% of childbearing women in low-resource settings. In a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews, we explored the perspectives of nine male partners of women who suffered from (pre-)eclampsia six to seven years earlier in rural Tanzania. Male partners considered their role to be pivotal regarding finances, decision-making in healthcare-seeking and family planning and provided physical and emotional support. Read More

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September 2021

Educating the Educator: Evaluation and Review of the ADMSEP Education Scholars Program.

Acad Psychiatry 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Objective: This report examines the first 8 years of the Association of Directors of Medical Student Education in Psychiatry (ADMSEP) Education Scholars Program (ESP) to determine the impact of the program on alumni careers and scholarship and their reception of the ESP. The 2-year longitudinal professional development program, launched in 2012, provides foundational knowledge to improve scholarship skills for faculty in psychiatry medical student education. The program is unique among national faculty development programs for psychiatry medical educators in its focus on scholarship and its requirement of completion of a research project in medical education. Read More

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September 2021

Improving Adherence to Wearing Compression Stockings for Chronic Venous Insufficiency and Venous Leg Ulcers: A Scoping Review.

Patient Prefer Adherence 2021 17;15:2085-2102. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Physiotherapy, Bond University, Faculty of Health Science and Medicine, Queensland, Australia.

Purpose: Patient adherence to wearing compression stockings in the management of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) and venous leg ulcers (VLUs) is low. Poor adherence with compression stockings contributes to recurrence and impaired healing of VLUs. As such, the purpose of this review was to report on the scientific evidence related to adherence and explore modifiable factors which impact adherence with compression stockings. Read More

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September 2021

Neuro-Cognitive Profile of Morning and Evening Chronotypes at Different Times of Day.

Ann Neurosci 2020 Jul 4;27(3-4):257-265. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Tatibandh, Raipur (C.G), India.

Background: Chronotype is the circadian time preference for sleep-wake timings. However, its impact on cognitive performance is least explored.

Objective: The present study investigated the effect of chronotype (morning "M" vs. Read More

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Parental experiences of adopting healthy lifestyles for children with disabilities living with overweight and obesity.

Disabil Health J 2021 Sep 15:101215. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Faculty of Health & Human Sciences, School of Health Professions, The University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK.

Background: Children with disabilities present with high obesity rates.

Objective: This study explored the parental experience of adopting healthy lifestyle choices, for children with disabilities, who received dietetic weight management advice.

Methods: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were carried out with eight parents/carers in their own homes or healthcare setting in an inner London locality, or by telephone. Read More

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September 2021

'It was hell in the community': a qualitative study of maternal and child health care during health care worker strikes in Kenya.

Int J Equity Health 2021 Sep 23;20(1):210. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH), Eldoret, Kenya.

Background: Health care workers in Kenya have launched major strikes in the public health sector in the past decade but the impact of strikes on health systems is under-explored. We conducted a qualitative study to investigate maternal and child health care and services during nationwide strikes by health care workers in 2017 from the perspective of pregnant women, community health volunteers (CHVs), and health facility managers.

Methods: We conducted in-depth interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs) with three populations: women who were pregnant in 2017, CHVs, and health facility managers. Read More

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September 2021

Valuing child and adolescent health: a qualitative study on different perspectives and priorities taken by the adult general public.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2021 Sep 23;19(1):222. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield, S1 4DA, UK.

Background: Quantitative health preference research has shown that different "perspectives", defined here as who is imagined to be experiencing particular health states, impact stated preferences. This qualitative project aimed to elucidate this phenomenon, within the context of adults' valuation of child and adolescent health states.

Methods: Six focus groups with 30 members of the UK adult public were conducted between December 2019 and February 2020 and analysed using framework analysis. Read More

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September 2021

Overexpression of GINS4 is associated with poor prognosis and survival in glioma patients.

Mol Med 2021 Sep 23;27(1):117. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Surgery of Spine and Spinal Cord, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Henan International Joint Laboratory of Intelligentized Orthopedics Innovation and Transformation, Henan Key Laboratory for Intelligent Precision Orthopedics, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, People's Hospital of Henan University, Henan, 450003, Zhengzhou, China.

Background: GINS4, an indispensable component of the GINS complex, is vital for a variety of cancer. However, no known empirical research has focused on exploring relationships between GINS4 and glioma. Thus, this study aims to understand and explain the role of GINS4 in glioma. Read More

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September 2021

Clinical Considerations of the Evangelical Purity Movement's Impact on Female Sexuality.

J Sex Marital Ther 2021 Sep 24:1-12. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Bastyr University, Kenmore, WA, USA.

Evangelical Protestant Christianity is the most prevalent religion in America, with women being the dominant practitioners. The that gained prominence in the 1990s sought to provide moral and religious based sexual education through private and public policies to both Christian and non-religious youth. This movement directly stressed the concept of while covertly spreading promoting The needs and concerns of women raised in this subculture are identified and explored for clinicians unfamiliar with their context. Read More

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September 2021

Humidity induces the formation of radicals and enhances photodegradation of chlorinated-PAHs on Fe(III)-montmorillonite.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Sep 13;423(Pt B):127210. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Institute of Organic Contaminant Control and Soil Remediation, College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210095, China. Electronic address:

Chlorinated-PAHs (ClPAHs) are widely detected in the soil surface and atmospheric particles. However, the underlying mechanisms of their photodegradation are not well understood. In the present study, the formation of radicals on ClPAHs-contaminated clay minerals was quantitatively monitored via electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, and the impact of relative humidity (RH) was systematically explored. Read More

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September 2021

The parents are watching: Midwifery students' perceptions of how workplace bullying impacts mothers and babies.

Midwifery 2021 Sep 14;103:103144. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Sciences, CQUniversity Australia, QLD, Australia. Electronic address:

Problem: Bullying in the midwifery profession has been documented and the problem is now known to extend to the poor treatment of midwifery students. In nursing, research has shown that bullying in the clinical workplace can adversely impact on quality of care. To date, no research has explored whether the bullying of midwifery students has secondary impacts on the experiences and care of mothers, babies, and their support persons. Read More

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September 2021

School-based physical activity programs for promoting physical activity and fitness in children and adolescents aged 6 to 18.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 Sep 23;9:CD007651. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

School of Nursing, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada.

Background: Physical activity among children and adolescents is associated with lower adiposity, improved cardio-metabolic health, and improved fitness. Worldwide, fewer than 30% of children and adolescents meet global physical activity recommendations of at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day. Schools may be ideal sites for interventions given that children and adolescents in most parts of the world spend a substantial amount of time in transit to and from school or attending school. Read More

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September 2021

The Privilege of Information-An Examination of the Defence of Therapeutic Privilege and its Implications for Pregnant Women.

Authors:
Aoife M Finnerty

Med Law Rev 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Senior Research Associate, BABEL Project, University of Bristol, UK.

Though apparently in existence across common law countries, the defence of 'therapeutic privilege' receives scant judicial analysis in case law. The extent of its reach is unclear and its underpinning justification is shaky. Often it forms a throwaway remark or poorly explored caveat when the duty of a physician to disclose information is being examined, rather than receiving any detailed judicial scrutiny in its own right. Read More

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September 2021

Caloric Restriction May Help Delay the Onset of Frailty and Support Frailty Management.

Front Nutr 2021 6;8:731356. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Geriatrics, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Frailty is an age-related clinical syndrome that may increase the risk of falls, disability, hospitalization, and death in older adults. Delaying the progression of frailty helps improve the quality of life in older adults. Caloric restriction (CR) may extend lifespan and reduce the risk of age-related diseases. Read More

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September 2021

Perceptions and Experiences of Older Persons in Two Types of Institution in France: Foster Care Family Institution and Medico-Social One.

Front Public Health 2021 6;9:684776. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Lyon, France.

The rapid increase in the number of older people with loss of autonomy and requiring human support, medical services, and adapted accommodation is a challenge in many countries. Beside institutions for older people, foster care families may offer an interesting innovative and affordable alternative that should to be evaluated. As the place of living has a major impact on the quality of life, our objective was to compare the perceptions and experience of older adults depending on the type of accommodation in which they live in. Read More

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September 2021

Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase Inhibitor Dichloroacetate Improves Host Control of Serovar Typhimurium Infection in Human Macrophages.

Front Immunol 2021 6;12:739938. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands.

Global increases in the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance highlight the urgent need for novel strategies to combat infectious diseases. Recent studies suggest that host metabolic pathways play a key role in host control of intracellular bacterial pathogens. In this study we explored the potential of targeting host metabolic pathways for innovative host-directed therapy (HDT) against intracellular bacterial infections. Read More

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September 2021

Relationship Between Parental Marital Conflict and Social Anxiety Symptoms of Chinese College Students: Mediation Effect of Attachment.

Front Psychol 2021 6;12:640770. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Shaanxi Provincial Key Research Center of Child Mental and Behavioral Health, School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi' an, China.

Social anxiety has been a common problem among college students and has an adverse impact on their adaptation outcomes. Among influential factors, parental marital conflict and attachment (parental and peer attachment) have been found to be related to social anxiety symptoms of college students; however, little is known how parental marital conflict and attachment jointly contribute to social anxiety symptoms of college students. The current study explored this issue. Read More

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September 2021

The impact of prioritisation and dosing intervals on the effects of COVID-19 vaccination in Europe: an agent-based cohort model.

Sci Rep 2021 09 22;11(1):18812. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences (NDORMS), University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Different strategies have been used to maximise the effect of COVID-19 vaccination campaigns in Europe. We modelled the impact of different prioritisation choices and dose intervals on infections, hospitalisations, mortality, and public health restrictions. An agent-based model was built to quantify the impact of different vaccination strategies over 6 months. Read More

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September 2021

Detrimental changes to the health and well-being of healthcare workers in an Australian COVID-19 hospital.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Sep 22;21(1):1002. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Epidemiology and Health Analytics, Western Sydney Local Health District, Locked Bag 7118, Parramatta BC, NSW, 2124, Australia.

Background: Most studies examining the psychological impact of COVID-19 on healthcare workers (HCWs) have assessed well-being during the initial stages or the peak of the first wave of the pandemic. We aimed to measure the impact of COVID-19 and potential changes over time in its impact, on the health and well-being of HCWs in an Australian COVID-19 hospital.

Methods: An online questionnaire assessed current and retrospective physical and mental health; psychological distress (Kessler Psychological Distress Scale); lifestyle behaviours; and demographics, providing measures of health and wellbeing at three phases of the pandemic. Read More

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September 2021

The therapeutic relationship in the context of involuntary treatment orders: the perspective of nurses and patients.

J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Faculty of Nursing, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Introduction: Involuntary treatment orders (ITO) can impact the nurse-patient therapeutic relationship (TR) negatively. Despite the increasing use of ITOs around the world, few studies have explored their influence on the TR from the perspectives of nurses and patients.

Aim: To describe the TR in the context of ITOs as reported by nurses and individuals living with a mental illness. Read More

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September 2021

Heat tracing in a fractured aquifer with injection of hot and cold water.

Ground Water 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Geology and Applied Geology, Polytech Mons, University of Mons, Mons, Belgium.

Heat as a tracer in fractured porous aquifers is more sensitive to fracture-matrix processes than a solute tracer. Temperature evolution as a function of time can be used to differentiate fracture and matrix characteristics. Experimental hot (50 °C) and cold (10 °C) water injections were performed in a weathered and fractured granite aquifer where the natural background temperature is 30 °C. Read More

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September 2021

Characterizing Self-Assembled Monolayer Breakdown in Area-Selective Atomic Layer Deposition.

Langmuir 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, 496 Lomita Mall, Stanford, California 94305, United States.

To enable area-selective atomic layer deposition (AS-ALD), self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) have been used as the surface inhibitor to block a variety of ALD processes. The integrity of the SAM throughout the ALD process is critical to AS-ALD. Despite the demonstrated effectiveness of inhibition by SAMs, nucleation during ALD eventually occurs on SAM-protected surfaces, but its impact on SAM structures is still not fully understood. Read More

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September 2021

What You Net Depends on if You Grab: A Meta-analysis of Sampling Method's Impact on Measured Aquatic Microplastic Concentration.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, United States.

Microplastic pollution is measured with a variety of sampling methods. Field experiments indicate that commonly used sampling methods, including net, pump, and grab samples, do not always result in equivalent measured concentration. We investigate the comparability of these methods through a meta-analysis of 121 surface water microplastic studies. Read More

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September 2021

Cardiopulmonary Exercise Performance and Factors Associated with Aerobic Capacity in Neuromuscular Diseases.

Muscle Nerve 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Neuromuscular Diseases, University College London: Institute of Neurology, London, UK.

Introduction/aims: Aerobic deconditioning, due to lower levels of physical activity, could impact independence for people with neuromuscular conditions. We report the maximal cardiopulmonary response in a cohort of people with Charcot Marie Tooth type 1A (CMT) and inclusion body myositis (IBM). We also explored potential predictors of aerobic capacity with measures of physical impairment and functional performance. Read More

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September 2021

The Impact of Volunteering at a Family Camp for Children and Adolescents With Cancer: The Experience of Pediatric Intensive Care Nurses.

J Nurs Adm 2021 Oct;51(10):526-531

Author Affiliations: CEO (Ms Butterworth), AIM Youth Mental Health, Carmel, California and Founder, Jacob's Heart Children's Cancer Support Services, Watsonville, California; and Director of Nursing Research (Dr Nasr), Stanford Children's Health, Stanford School of Medicine; and Nurse Scientist and Postdoctoral Fellow in Palliative Care (Dr Pyke-Grimm), Stanford Children's Health; and PICU Nurse (Ms Swisher), Stanford Children's Health, Palo Alto, California; and SVP Patient Care Services and Chief Nursing Executive (Dr Johnson), Queens Health System, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Objective: This study explored the experience of pediatric ICU (PICU) nurses who volunteered at a camp for families of children and adolescents with cancer.

Background: PICU nurses are at risk of developing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, compassion fatigue, depression, and burnout due to exposure(s) to traumatic events. Spending time with patients, families, and nurse colleagues at camp may reduce the effects of this exposure. Read More

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October 2021