3,560 results match your criteria experiential behavioral

Using dynamical systems mathematical modeling to examine the impact emotional expression on the therapeutic relationship: A demonstration across three psychotherapeutic theoretical approaches.

Psychother Res 2021 May 6:1-15. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Counselor Education, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, USA.

The purpose of this paper is to describe an approach to dynamical systems (DS) using a set of differential equations, and how an application of these equations can be used to address a critical element of the therapeutic relationship. Using APA's and videos, DS models were created for each of the six sessions with expert clinicians (Judith Beck, Leslie Greenberg, and Nancy McWilliams) from the three theoretical approaches. A second-by-second observational coding system of the emotional exchanges of the therapists and clients was used as the data for the equations. Read More

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Forming new habits in the face of chronic cancer-related fatigue: An interpretative phenomenological study.

Support Care Cancer 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Scientific Research Department, Centre for Psycho-Oncology, Helen Dowling Institute, Professor Bronkhorstlaan 20, 3723 MB, Bilthoven, the Netherlands.

Purpose: The growing group of patients who suffer from chronic cancer-related fatigue (CCRF) after cancer have helpful and less helpful ways of responding to this long-lasting and disruptive problem. This qualitative study aimed to gain insight in essential elements of how patients respond to CCRF, with a focus on helpful responses to facilitate adaptation.

Methods: We conducted semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of 25 participants who experienced severe CCRF for at least 3 months. Read More

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Implementation support for contingency management: preferences of opioid treatment program leaders and staff.

Implement Sci Commun 2021 Apr 30;2(1):47. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University School of Public Health, 121 South Main Street, Providence, RI, 02903, USA.

Background: Contingency management (CM), a behavioral intervention that provides incentives for achieving treatment goals, is an evidence-based adjunct to medication to treat opioid use disorder. Unfortunately, many front-line treatment providers do not utilize CM, likely due to contextual barriers that limit effective training and ongoing support for evidence-based practices. This study applied user-informed approaches to adapt a multi-level implementation strategy called the Science to Service Laboratory (SSL) to support CM implementation. Read More

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Training oncology care providers in the assessment and treatment of tobacco use and dependence.

Cancer 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.

Background: Clinical practice guidelines for promoting smoking cessation in cancer care exist; however, most oncology settings have not established tobacco use assessment and treatment as standard care. Inadequate staff training and other implementation challenges have been identified as barriers for delivery of evidence-based tobacco treatment. Providing training in tobacco treatment tailored to the unique needs of tobacco-dependent patients with cancer is one strategy to improve adoption of best practices to promote smoking cessation in cancer care. Read More

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Limited reparenting as a corrective emotional experience in schema therapy: A preliminary task analysis.

Psychother Res 2021 Apr 29:1-14. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Psychology, İstanbul Şehir University, İstanbul, Turkey.

Aim: To construct a process model of limited reparenting as a corrective emotional experience using schema therapy (ST).

Method: We followed a task analytical approach, building two separate rational models based on the ST theory and our experience. Then, we constructed a final rational model. Read More

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It's not a bug, it's boredom: Effortful willpower balances exploitation and exploration.

Behav Brain Sci 2021 Apr 26;44:e33. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Sports Science, University of Konstanz, D-78457Konstanz, https://scikon.uni-konstanz.de/persons/profile/wanja.wolff/.

The continuous revaluation of rewards lies at the core of Ainslie's account of willpower. Yet, he does not explicate the underlying experiential mechanisms. We draw upon theoretical, neuroscientific, and computational evidence to demonstrate that boredom evokes revaluation. Read More

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The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on negative symptoms in individuals at clinical high-risk for psychosis and outpatients with chronic schizophrenia.

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, 125 Baldwin St., Athens, GA, 30602, USA.

Negative symptoms are core features of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders that are frequently observed across all phases of illness. By their nature, COVID-19 social isolation, physical distancing, and health precautions induce behavioural aspects of negative symptoms. However, it is unclear whether these prevention measures also lead to increases in experiential negative symptoms, whether such effects are equivalent across individual negative symptom domains, and if exacerbations occur equivalently across phases of illness. Read More

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Fictionalism of Anticipation.

Biosemiotics 2021 Apr 15:1-17. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Institute of Applied Mathematics, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania.

A promising recent approach for understanding complex phenomena is recognition of anticipatory behavior of living organisms and social organizations. The anticipatory, predictive action permits learning, novelty seeking, rich experiential existence. I argue that the established frameworks of anticipation, adaptation or learning imply overly passive roles of anticipatory agents, and that a standpoint reflects the core of anticipatory behavior better than representational or future references. Read More

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Encouraging a Little Help from Our Friends: Resident Physician Burnout & Peer Communication Curriculum.

Spartan Med Res J 2021 Apr 13;6(1):22044. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Family Medicine, McLaren Greater Lansing; College of Osteopathic Medicine, Michigan State University.

Introduction: Resident physician burnout and depression rates are increasing faster than in the non-physician workforce. To foster a supportive community where such concerns may be addressed, residents can be educated in identification and first-line support of burnout in fellow residents. The literature has not described peer roleplaying applied toward aiding fellow residents with burnout. Read More

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An Emotion Regulation and Impulse Control (ERIC) Intervention for Vulnerable Young People: A Multi-Sectoral Pilot Study.

Front Psychol 2021 1;12:554100. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia.

There is a demonstrated link between the mental health and substance use comorbidities experienced by young adults, however the vast majority of psychological interventions are disorder specific. Novel psychological approaches that adequately acknowledge the psychosocial complexity and transdiagnostic needs of vulnerable young people are urgently needed. A modular skills-based program for emotion regulation and impulse control (ERIC) addresses this gap. Read More

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Relationships Between Dietary Intake and Weight-Related Experiential Avoidance Following Behavioral Weight-Loss Treatment.

Int J Behav Med 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, USA.

Background: Interventions targeting weight-related experiential avoidance (EA) and disinhibited eating (DE) may also improve diet quality. Participants with overweight/obesity and DE who recently completed a behavioral weight-loss program were randomized to receive acceptance and commitment therapy or continued behavioral weight-loss treatment. In this secondary analysis, we explored (1) change in diet quality from baseline to 6-month follow-up (FU) and (2) whether weight-related EA at baseline and (3) change in weight-related EA during treatment were related to change in diet quality from baseline to FU. Read More

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Neurophysiological Contributors to Advantageous Risk-Taking: An Experimental Psychopharmacological Investigation.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA.

The ability to learn from experience is critical for determining when to take risks and when to play it safe. However, we know little about how within-person state changes, such as an individual's degree of neurophysiological arousal, may impact the ability to learn which risks are most likely to fail vs. succeed. Read More

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Building the alliance and using experiential techniques in the early phases of psychotherapy for avoidant personality disorder.

J Clin Psychol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Center for Metacognitive Interpersonal Therapy, Rome, Italy.

Individuals experiencing avoidant personality disorder (AvPD) tend to make sense of social interactions via maladaptive self-and other attributions. They also experience difficulties in recognizing emotions. A further feature of AvPD psychopathology is the tendency to resort to maladaptive coping strategies, such as behavioral avoidance and perfectionism. Read More

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Are Individual Differences in Information-Processing Styles Related to Transformational Leadership? A Test of the Cognitive Experiential Leadership Model.

Front Psychol 2021 26;12:599008. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

School of Psychological Science, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia.

The recently proposed Cognitive Experiential Leadership Model (CELM) states that leaders' preference for rational thinking and behavioral coping will be related to their level of transformational leadership. The CELM was based on research that principally used cross-sectional self-report methods. Study 1 compared both self-ratings and follower-ratings of leadership styles with leaders' self-rated thinking styles in 160 leader-follower dyads. Read More

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Enhancing behavioral intervention science: using community-based participatory research principles with the multiphase optimization strategy.

Transl Behav Med 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Social Work, Rutgers: The State University of New Jersey, Newark, NJ 07102, USA.

Innovative methodological frameworks are needed in intervention science to increase efficiency, potency, and community adoption of behavioral health interventions, as it currently takes 17 years and millions of dollars to test and disseminate interventions. The multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) for developing behavioral interventions was designed to optimize efficiency, efficacy, and sustainability, while community-based participatory research (CBPR) engages community members in all research steps. Classical approaches for developing behavioral interventions include testing against control interventions in randomized controlled trials. Read More

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Does Training Modality Predict Fidelity of an Evidence-based Intervention Delivered in Schools?

Prev Sci 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, 80309, USA.

Training prior to implementing evidence-based interventions (EBIs) is essential to reach high levels of fidelity. However, the time and cost of in-person training are often barriers to implementation. Online learning offers a potential solution, though few studies examine the relationship between online training and fidelity of implementation. Read More

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Translating evidence-based behavioral weight loss into a multi-level, community intervention within a community-based participatory research framework: the Wellness Engagement (WE) Project.

Transl Behav Med 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Department of Health Behavior and Policy, Richmond, VA, USA.

Black Americans and individuals from economically disadvantaged backgrounds are at disproportionate risk for obesity, yet are underrepresented in behavioral weight loss (BWL) trials and experience less benefit from traditional programs. The Wellness Engagement (WE) Project sought to translate evidence-based BWL within a CBPR framework to promote change across multiple domains of influence in an under-resourced, predominantly Black community. The purpose of this paper is to describe the efforts we undertook to translate data from our extensive formative phase into programming well suited to meet the needs of the Petersburg community. Read More

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Cardiac-specific experiential avoidance predicts change in general psychological well-being among patients completing cardiac rehabilitation.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Psychology Research Laboratory, Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCS, Verbania, Italy.

Previous studies have shown that experiential avoidance (EA) is associated with physical and psychological well-being in medical and non-medical samples. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the reciprocal association between psychological well-being and EA over time among cardiac rehabilitation (CR) patients with moderately to severely low levels of psychological well-being. Pre-CR data on demographic characteristics, measures of psychological well-being, and cardiac-specific EA were collected from 915 CR patients, as well as post-CR psychological well-being and EA data, from 800 of these patients. Read More

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Contesting Sexual Prejudice to Support Sexual Minorities: Views of Chinese Social Workers.

Diana K Kwok

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 19;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Special Education and Counselling, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Professional development has been recognized as one of the strategies to effectively combat sexual prejudice and negative attitudes against lesbian, gay, bisexual, questioning/queer (LGBQ+) individuals and sexual minorities. Nevertheless, studies related to LGBQ+-inclusive training are rarely found in the Chinese Hong Kong context, where sexual prejudice still prevails without the establishment of antidiscrimination law. Sociocultural considerations, such as religious and parental influences, are obstacles to discussing the reduction of sexual prejudices, both within wider society and social work organizations, without institutional support. Read More

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Development of a Novel and Scalable Simulation-Based Teamwork Training Model Using Within-Group Debriefing of Observed Video Simulation.

Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2021 Feb 25. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

The Challenge: Effective teamwork and communication skills are essential for safe and reliable health care. These skills require training and practice. Experiential learning is optimal for training adults, and the industry has recognized simulation training as an exemplar of this approach. Read More

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February 2021

Unraveling the Temporal Dynamics of Reward Signals in Music-Induced Pleasure with TMS.

J Neurosci 2021 Apr 29;41(17):3889-3899. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada

Music's ability to induce feelings of pleasure has been the subject of intense neuroscientific research lately. Prior neuroimaging studies have shown that music-induced pleasure engages cortico-striatal circuits related to the anticipation and receipt of biologically relevant rewards/incentives, but these reports are necessarily correlational. Here, we studied both the causal role of this circuitry and its temporal dynamics by applying transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the left dorsolateral PFC combined with fMRI in 17 male and female participants. Read More

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Novel behavioral interventions to improve long-term weight loss: A randomized trial of acceptance and commitment therapy or self-regulation for weight loss maintenance.

J Behav Med 2021 Mar 27. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University/The Miriam Hospital Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, 196 Richmond Street, Providence, RI, 20903, USA.

Maintenance of weight loss is hard to achieve, and novel interventions are needed to improve long-term outcomes. In this pilot randomized controlled trial, N = 188 participants received an online, 12-week weight loss intervention and N = 102 who lost ≥ 5% were then randomly assigned to a 1-day, 5-h workshop based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Self-Regulation (SR), or no workshop (Control) with 3 months of limited email follow-up. Assessments were conducted at baseline, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Read More

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[Vaccination confidence against influenza in Spain: reasons of hesitancy discourses and attitudes in general population and healthcare workers.]

Rev Esp Salud Publica 2021 Mar 25;95. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

CIMOP (Comunicación, Imagen y Opinión Pública). España.

Objective: Influenza is a huge public health problem and vaccination is the best prevention tool. Vaccination coverage of target population is still far from the established objectives. The aim was to delve into the most important factors and actors influencing behaviors of influenza vaccine hesitancy in Spain from a qualitative perspective. Read More

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Experiential marketing: Will it affect customer citizenship behavior? An empirical study of multiple mediation model in Thailand.

Zichen Wang

J Community Psychol 2021 Mar 22. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

College of Innovation Management, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand.

The purpose of this study is to examine the consumer's experience of sense, feel, thinking, action, and relate experience in the shopping process whether the consumer is willing to voluntarily make beneficial behaviors for the enterprise. The study also aimed to assess the mediating effect of subjective well-being, brand identity, and received service fairness in the relationship between experimental marketing and customer citizenship behavior. Convenient sampling techniques were used to select samples. Read More

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Respiratory sinus arrhythmia predicts perceived therapy process of a group-based acceptance and commitment therapy intervention.

Bull Menninger Clin 2021 ;85(1):9-22

Assistant Department head at the Naval Center for Combat and Operational Stress Control, San Diego, California.

Engagement in psychotherapy is partially contingent on present-moment focus, mindfulness, and emotion regulation skills. These skills can be linked to parasympathetic functioning with theoretical explanations provided by polyvagal and neurovisceral integration theories. The specific aims of this project were to evaluate relationships between a measure of parasympathetic functioning (respiratory sinus arrythmia [RSA]) and measures of client reports of engagement in an experiential and emotionally evocative group-based intervention. Read More

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January 2021

"Being on the Walk Put It Somewhere in My Body": The Meaning of Place in Health for Indigenous Women.

J Ethn Cult Divers Soc Work 2021 5;30(1):122-137. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Relationship to place is integral to Indigenous health. A qualitative, secondary phenomenological analysis of in-depth interviews with four non-Choctaw Indigenous women participating in an outdoor, experiential tribally-specific Choctaw health leadership study uncovered culturally grounded narratives using thematic analysis as an analytic approach. Results revealed that physically being in historical trauma sites of other Indigenous groups involved a multi-faceted process that facilitated embodied stress by connecting participants with their own historical and contemporary traumas. Read More

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Sex differences in early experience and the development of aggression in wild chimpanzees.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Mar;118(12)

Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131.

Sex differences in physical aggression occur across human cultures and are thought to be influenced by active sex role reinforcement. However, sex differences in aggression also exist in our close evolutionary relatives, chimpanzees, who do not engage in active teaching, but do exhibit long juvenile periods and complex social systems that allow differential experience to shape behavior. Here we ask whether early life exposure to aggression is sexually dimorphic in wild chimpanzees and, if so, whether other aspects of early sociality contribute to this difference. Read More

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The Role of Racial and Developmental Experience on Emotional Adaptive Coding in Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Dev Neuropsychol 2021 Mar-Apr;46(2):93-108. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Center on Child Health, Behavior, and Development, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, United States.

Sensitivity to emotional face aids in rapid detection and evaluation of others, such that by school-age, children and youth exhibit adult-like patterns when the prolonged viewing of an emotional face distorts the perception of a subsequent face. However, the developmental considerations of this phenomenon (known as ) are unclear given ongoing maturational and experiential changes, including the influence of own-race experiences or the lack of face expertise, as is evident in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study addressed whether emotional adaptive coding is sensitive to factors of face perception expertise, specifically self-race and developmental experience, in adults (age 19-28 years) and youth (age 10-16 years). Read More

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[Complex Posttraumatic Disorder and Work-Related Behavioral and Experience Patterns].

Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 2021 Mar 9. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Abt. Verhaltenstherapie und Psychosomatik, Rehazentrum Seehof der Deutschen Rentenversicherung, Teltow, Deutschland.

Objective: This study examined differences in work-related behavioral and experiential patterns between patients with positive screening for complex PTSD (CPTSD), patients with positive screening for PTSD and patients with negative screening for trauma sequelae.

Methods: Participants were 566 patients (mean age 50.96 +/- 8. Read More

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