228,265 results match your criteria experiences


Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on developmental care practices for infants born preterm.

Early Hum Dev 2021 Oct 4;163:105483. Epub 2021 Oct 4.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.

Objectives: To assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on rates of hospital visitation and rates and durations of developmental care practices for infants born preterm.

Methods: We analyzed electronic medical record data from 129 infants born at less than 32 weeks gestational age (GA) cared for in the Lucile Packard Children's Hospital neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in a COVID-19-affected period (March 8, 2020 to Nov 30, 2020, n = 67) and the analogous period in 2019 (n = 62). Rates of family visitation and of family- and clinical staff-delivered developmental care were compared across cohorts, adjusting for covariates. Read More

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October 2021

Development and evaluation of a telehealth-based simulation to improve breastfeeding education and skills among nursing students.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Oct 2;57:103226. Epub 2021 Oct 2.

Palm Beach Atlantic University, 901 S Flagler Dr, West Palm Beach, FL 33401, USA. Electronic address:

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate undergraduate nursing students' perceptions of using telehealth-based simulations for practicing their breastfeeding education skills.

Background: Telehealth can help bridge the gap between the high need for healthcare services and the limited access to these services, such as breastfeeding mothers in rural settings. However current literature suggests that there is lack of telehealth education among healthcare providers, as well as, a shortage of adequately trained nurses on breastfeeding, making it difficult to provide new mothers with the support they need to successfully breastfeed. Read More

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October 2021

Healthcare inequities among adults with developmental disability: An integrative review with implications for nursing education.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Oct 2;57:103225. Epub 2021 Oct 2.

M. Louise Fitzpatrick College of Nursing, Villanova University, Villanova, PA 19085, USA. Electronic address:

Aim: This integrative review synthesized research on the healthcare inequities experienced by adults with developmental disability in the United States and discussed implications for nursing education.

Background: Individuals with developmental disability are living longer with chronic comorbidities and experience healthcare inequities.

Method: Application of inclusion criteria to database and ancestry searches resulted in 26 articles that were assessed for quality and analyzed thematically. Read More

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October 2021

Contributions of childhood abuse and neglect to reward neural substrates in adolescence.

Neuroimage Clin 2021 Sep 27;32:102832. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, United States; San Diego State University/University of California San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, United States.

Background: Childhood adverse experiences may come to bear particularly during adolescence, when neural reward systems are developing rapidly and psychopathology spikes. Despite prior work differentiating threat- (abuse) vs. deprivation- (neglect) related adversity, no research has yet identified their relative nor interactive contributions to reward neural substrates during adolescence. Read More

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September 2021

Ventriculoatrial shunting: an escape option in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus patients failing ventriculoperitoneal drainage.

World Neurosurg 2021 Oct 11. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Azienda Ospedali Riuniti Ancona, Italy.

Background: Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting is widely accepted as the golden standard treatment for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). However, a restricted group of patients experiences only minimal or no improvement after the operation. In such cases, the question whether the diagnosis was incorrect or the shunt is malfunctioning remains unanswered. Read More

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October 2021

Modulating medial prefrontal cortex activity using real-time fMRI neurofeedback: Effects on reality monitoring performance and associated functional connectivity.

Neuroimage 2021 Oct 11:118640. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Department of Psychology, University of Roehampton, Grove House, Roehampton Lane, London, SW15 5PJ, UK; Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Kings College London, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK; Department of Psychiatry, Icahn Medical Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, 1 Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1230, New York, NY 10029, USA.

Neuroimaging studies have found 'reality monitoring', our ability to distinguish internally generated experiences from those derived from the external world, to be associated with activity in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) of the brain. Here we probe the functional underpinning of this ability using real-time fMRI neurofeedback to investigate the involvement of mPFC in recollection of the source of self-generated information. Thirty-nine healthy individuals underwent neurofeedback training in a between groups study receiving either Active feedback derived from the paracingulate region of the mPFC (21 subjects) or Sham feedback based on a similar level of randomised signal (18 subjects). Read More

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October 2021

A Comparative Study of Health and Well-being Among Cisgender and Binary and Nonbinary Transgender Adolescents in Spain.

LGBT Health 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Seville, Seville, Spain.

The aim of this study was to describe the well-being and mental health of Spanish adolescents by gender identity using a nationally representative sample. The sample comprised 1212 15-18-year-old adolescents who participated in the 2018 Spanish edition of the international study. Of the total sample, 90 were identified as binary transgender adolescents, 213 as nonbinary transgender adolescents, and 909 as cisgender adolescents (selected through a matching process from an original sample of 17,375 cisgender adolescents). Read More

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October 2021

Hospital Parenting Support for Adults with Incurable End-Stage Cancer: Multidisciplinary Health Professional Perspectives.

Health Soc Work 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Patients with incurable end-stage cancer (IESC) who are parenting minor-age children often experience parenting-related distress. Parenting concerns are not always addressed as part of routine hospital-based psychosocial care. Currently, there is a lack multidisciplinary health professional (HP) perspectives in this area. Read More

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October 2021

Exploring the reasons for novice nurse educators' transition from practice to academia in Ghana.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(10):e0258695. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Nursing Training College, Damongo, Ghana.

Background: There is an increasing transition rate of experienced clinical nurses from practice to academia. When nurses transition from practice to academia for the right reasons, it culminates in job satisfaction and retention. Thus, understanding what attracts clinical nurses to academia is an important consideration for employing and retaining competent nurse educators. Read More

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October 2021

Do patients' characteristics influence their healthcare concerns?-A hospital care survey.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(10):e0258618. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Family Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida, United States of America.

Background: Hospital performance is often monitored by surveys that assess patient experiences with hospital care. Certain patient characteristics may shape how some aspects of hospital care are viewed and reported on surveys.

Objective: The aim of the study was to examine factors considered important to patients and determine whether there were differences in answers based on age, gender, or educational level. Read More

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October 2021

Health care providers' perceptions and experiences related to Midwife-led continuity of care-A qualitative study.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(10):e0258248. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Division of Reproductive Health, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institute, Solna, Sweden.

Background: Though Midwife-led care remains a key to improving the health status of pregnant mothers, in Ethiopia, maternity care has traditionally been based on a model in which responsibility for care is shared by hospital-based midwives, nurses, general practitioners, and obstetricians. This type of care has been seen as representing a fragmented approach.

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore health care providers' perceptions and experiences related to Midwife-led continuity of care at primary hospitals in the north Shoa zone Ethiopia. Read More

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October 2021

"You Have to Validate It": Experiences of Female Sexual Minority Student-Athletes.

J Homosex 2021 Oct 14:1-22. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA.

Lesbians in sport may reside in a culture of silence due to the fear of being negatively labeled. Often, ideologies regarding lesbian athletes validate social inequalities through institutional practices. The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of NCAA female sexual minority student-athletes. Read More

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October 2021

Diverse experiences among older adults in Aotearoa/New Zealand during COVID-19 lockdown: A qualitative study.

Australas J Ageing 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

School of Health Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

Objectives: There are mixed results from studies of COVID-19-related anxiety. We explored older people's perspectives on anxiety and support during lockdown.

Methods: We thematically analysed 730 written comments from older community-dwelling adults aged 55-85 years in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Read More

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October 2021

The subjective experience of family caregivers of people living with Parkinson's disease: a meta-ethnography of qualitative literature.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

School of Nursing, Shanxi Medical University, No.56, Xinjian South Road, Yingze District, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China.

Background And Aims: Parkinson's disease patients (PwPD) rely heavily on their family caregivers. However, there remains uncertainty regarding the subjective experience of the family caregivers of PwPD. This study aims to provide an in-depth summary of the current knowledge about the subjective experiences of family caregivers caring for PwPD, to understand the factors that influence this experience and to provide the evidence for healthcare services. Read More

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October 2021

Impact of Racial Discrimination on the Mental Health of Minoritized Youth.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2021 Oct 14;23(12):81. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Psychiatry, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The impacts of racism and discrimination on developing minoritized youth are increasingly shown as having the potential to create long-lasting adverse outcomes on children's developmental trajectories.

Recent Findings: From the quality of the schools they attend, to the level and amount of toxicants in the air they breathe, to equitable access to health care, and within interpersonal relationships and experiences with their peers, multiple forms of racism, systemic/structural, interpersonal/personally mediated, and internalized shape the health status of Black, Indigenous, and people of color (BIPoC) youth. Accordingly, it is exceedingly important to use a developmental lens to distinguish the various outcomes these multiple forms of racism have on the health of minoritized youth. Read More

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October 2021

Women in Medicine: The Limits of Individualism in Academic Medicine.

Acad Med 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

M. Sharma is an infectious disease physician, St. Michael's Hospital, and assistant professor, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. S. Rawal is a general internist, Toronto Western Hospital, and assistant professor, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

In the 21st century, more than ever before, issues facing women in medicine, such as pay equity and workplace harassment, are being explored and attended to by physicians and health care institutions. Discussions about women in medicine almost exclusively center around women physicians, even though most women in medicine are, in fact, not physicians. In addition, these discussions typically focus on gender, often failing to consider how race, class, and other dimensions of identity influence the experiences of women in medicine. Read More

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October 2021

Unobserved Observers: Nurses' Perspectives About Sharing Feedback on the Performance of Resident Physicians.

Acad Med 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

C. Bhat is a resident physician, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3198-6450. K.A. LaDonna is assistant professor, Department of Innovation in Medical Education, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. S. Dewhirst is a lecturer, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1996-6692. S. Halman is assistant professor, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa and the Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5474-9696. K. Scowcroft is a research assistant, Department of Innovation in Medical Education, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. S. Bhat is a registered nurse, Department of Emergency Medicine, the Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. W.J. Cheung is associate professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2730-8190.

Purpose: Postgraduate training programs are incorporating feedback from registered nurses (RNs) to facilitate holistic assessments of resident performance. RNs are a potentially rich source of feedback because they often observe trainees during clinical encounters when physician supervisors are not present. However, RN perspectives about sharing feedback have not been deeply explored. Read More

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October 2021

Transitions in Technology-Mediated Cardiac Rehabilitation and Self-management: Qualitative Study Using the Theoretical Domains Framework.

JMIR Cardio 2021 Oct 14;5(2):e30428. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

School of Computer Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: An acute cardiac incident is a life-changing event that often necessitates surgery. Although surgery has high success rates, rehabilitation, behavioral changes, and self-care are critical to long-term health. Recent systematic reviews have highlighted the potential of technology in this area; however, significant shortcomings have also been identified, particularly with regard to patient experience. Read More

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October 2021

Feasibility of administering the WAIS-IV using a home-based telehealth videoconferencing model.

Clin Neuropsychol 2021 Oct 14:1-13. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

TBI Network, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.

Use of telehealth to deliver neuropsychological services has proven to be a feasible approach, however, there is limited research which has examined the reliability of home-based assessment models using a comprehensive intelligence test. The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and feasibility of a home-based videoconferencing administration of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scales-4 Edition (WAIS-IV).

Thirty healthy participants (aged 18-40 years) completed the WAIS-IV both in-person and via home-based videoconferencing utilizing a randomized counter-balanced methodology to attempt to control for an order effect. Read More

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October 2021

The Ethics in Long-Term Care Model: Everyday Ethics and the Unseen Moral Landscape of Assisted Living.

J Appl Gerontol 2021 Oct 14:7334648211049806. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

1373Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Assisted living (AL) communities are long-term care settings where people live, work, and visit, and where social relationships and care, including end-of-life care, are negotiated. Assisted living is fraught with uncertainty and conflict about values, especially given residents' cognitive and physical frailty. These value-laden issues have implications for both resident and care partners' experiences. Read More

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October 2021

Parents Caring for Children Diagnosed with a Blood Cancer from Infancy to Emerging Adulthood: A Life span Perspective.

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

College of Journalism and Communications, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Pediatric blood cancer diagnosis is a stressful experience for families as it can involve urgent treatment that can be life-threatening and require extended hospital stays. Little is known about the experiences of parent caregivers of children with a blood cancer during the diagnosis period and how families' needs may differ in light of the patient's developmental phase in the life span. We conducted semistructured in-depth interviews with 20 parent caregivers (aged 30-65) of children diagnosed with a blood cancer, recruited through The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society's (LLS) constituency. Read More

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October 2021

Improving the content validity of the Trauma and Adverse Childhood Experiences Survey (TRACES) and the Child and Adolescent PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (CAPC-5): A collaborative research methodological approach.

Psychol Trauma 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Center for Child and Family Health.

Objective: The current study aimed to improve the content validity of the Trauma and Adverse Childhood Experiences Survey (TRACES) and the Child and Adolescent PTSD Checklist for the DSM-5 (CAPC-5).

Method: Two community-based collaborative research methods were used-cognitive interviewing and focus groups. Three rounds of cognitive interviews included a racially and economically diverse sample of 12 trauma-exposed youth and 12 caregivers. Read More

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October 2021

Retraction of Xu, Wan, and Schwarz (2020).

Authors:

J Exp Psychol Gen 2021 Jun;150(6):1070

Reports the retraction of ""That's bitter!": Culture-specific effects of gustatory experience on judgments of fairness and advancement" by Jialiang Xu, Fang Wan and Norbert Schwarz (, Advanced Online Publication, Oct 29, 2020, np). The following article is being retracted: Xu, J., Wan, F. Read More

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Peer victimization, learning flow, and academic achievement: Longitudinal relations among Chinese elementary school students.

Sch Psychol 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

School of Psychology.

This study explored the relations among peer victimization (i.e., physical, relational, and cyberbullying victimization), learning flow, and academic achievement among elementary school students, using a seven-wave longitudinal design across four consecutive semesters. Read More

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October 2021

Validity of informant report interpretations: Role of examinee performance and symptom invalidity.

Psychol Assess 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center.

Performance validity tests (PVTs) and symptom validity tests (SVTs) detect inaccuracies in examinee-completed measures, though methods for assessing the accuracy of informant reports-which may be inaccurate due to examinee deception, motivation for external incentives (e.g., disability payments), or attempts to validate examinee experiences-remain underexplored. Read More

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October 2021

Stress symptoms and Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a comparative study between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and typically developing children and adolescents.

Minerva Pediatr (Torino) 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) related confinement severely impacted people wellbeing. Many studies focused on general population, although it is reasonable to expect that patients with neurodevelopmental disorders might have been at higher risk. Children/adolescents with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) might be potentially more vulnerable, due to their intolerance to forced restrictions that limit stimulating experiences, to obligation to follow instructions and to acceptation of imposed rules We aimed to compare stress-related behavioral changes of the first COVD-19 related confinement among 6-18 years old ADHD and typically developing subjects. Read More

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October 2021

Perceived learning environment and academic motivation: An explanatory mixed methods study in a Molecular Biology and Genetics program.

Biochem Mol Biol Educ 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Bahçeşehir University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Lack of motivation of students is a major concern for the instructors and administration in universities, and it is in their interest to address these issues in the most effective and efficient way. The purpose of this explanatory sequential mixed-method study is to examine the predictive power of the learning environment on student academic motivation and to learn students' opinions on this issue. One hundred twenty students enrolled at the Molecular Biology and Genetics program completed the Academic Motivation and Learning Environment Perception scales, Quantitative findings indicated that only the activities dimension of the learning environment has a predictive power on academic motivation. Read More

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October 2021

Diet mediates thermal performance traits: implications for marine ectotherms.

J Exp Biol 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA.

Thermal acclimation is a key process enabling ectotherms to cope with temperature change. To undergo a successful acclimation response, ectotherms require energy and nutritional building blocks obtained from their diet. However, diet is often overlooked as a factor that can alter acclimation responses. Read More

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October 2021

Intimate Partner Violence, Animal Maltreatment, and Concern for Animal Safekeeping: A Survey of Survivors Who Owned Pets and Livestock.

Violence Against Women 2021 Oct 14:10778012211034215. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Provincial Association of Transition Houses and Services of Saskatchewan (PATHS), Regina, Canada.

An online survey was completed by victims/survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV), living in both urban and rural areas, who owned pets and/or livestock. The majority of the sample had not received services from domestic violence shelters and services. Quantitative and qualitative data regarding barriers to accessing support and escaping IPV are presented for both pet and livestock owners. Read More

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October 2021

Time changes: Timing contexts support event segmentation in associative memory.

Psychon Bull Rev 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200, MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

We tend to mentally segment a series of events according to perceptual contextual changes, such that items from a shared context are more strongly associated in memory than items from different contexts. It is also known that timing context provides a scaffold to structure experiences in memory, but its role in event segmentation has not been investigated. We adapted a previous paradigm, which was used to investigate event segmentation using visual contexts, to study the effects of changes in timing contexts on event segmentation in associative memory. Read More

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October 2021