38,434 results match your criteria exercise interventions


Community-Dwelling Older Adults and Physical Activity Recommendations: Patterns of Aerobic, Strengthening, and Balance Activities.

J Aging Phys Act 2021 Oct 15:1-13. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Department of Rehabilitation and Movement Science, The University of Vermont, Burlington, VT,USA.

Though it is known that most older adults do not meet the recommended physical activity (PA) guidelines, little is known regarding their participation in balance activities or the full guidelines. Therefore, we sought to describe PA patterns among 1,352 community-dwelling older adult participants of the Adult Changes in Thought study, a longitudinal cohort study exploring dementia-related risk factors. We used a modified version of the Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors questionnaire to explore PA performed and classify participants as meeting or not meeting the full guidelines or any component of the guidelines. Read More

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October 2021

The Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on Health Status and Behaviors in Korea: An Analysis of the Nationwide Survey.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Public Healthcare Center, Seoul National University Hospital, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, Seoul, KR.

Background: The Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic has radically shifted living practices, influencing changes in the health status and behaviors of everyone.

Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of COVID-19 on self-reported health status and health behaviors, along with any associated factors in a country without stringent lockdown measures.

Methods: We conducted an online self-reported survey from November 2020 to December 2020. Read More

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October 2021

Sarcopenia and health-related outcomes: an umbrella review of observational studies.

Eur Geriatr Med 2019 Dec 6;10(6):853-862. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

National Research Council, Neuroscience Institute, Aging Branch Via Giustiniani, 2, Padua, Italy.

Background: The clinical relevance of sarcopenia has increasingly been recognized. However, whether it is associated with the development of other medical conditions is still unclear. Therefore, we aimed to capture the scale of outcomes that have been associated with the presence of sarcopenia and systematically assess the quality, strength, and credibility of these associations using an umbrella review methodology. Read More

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December 2019

Effectiveness of exercise interventions for adults over 65 with moderate-to-severe dementia in community settings: a systematic review.

Eur Geriatr Med 2019 Dec 6;10(6):843-852. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

East Midlands Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (EM-CLAHRC), Nottingham, UK.

Purpose: To conduct a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise interventions for people with moderate-to-severe dementia in community settings.

Methods: Eight electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, AMED, PsycINFO, PEDro, The Cochrane Library and BNI) were searched from inception to July 2018. Snowball searching identified additional articles not identified initially. Read More

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December 2019

Sarcopenia, frailty and type 2 diabetes mellitus (Review).

Mol Med Rep 2021 Dec 15;24(6). Epub 2021 Oct 15.

The Second Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Takatsuki, Osaka 569‑8686, Japan.

Skeletal muscle is the largest and most energy‑consuming organ in the human body, which plays an important role in energy metabolism and glucose uptake. There is a notable decrease in glucose uptake in the skeletal muscle of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Endurance exercise can reduce hyperglycemia and improve insulin resistance in patients with type 2 DM. Read More

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December 2021

Marketing Physical Activity? Exploring the Role of Brand Resonance in Health Promotion.

J Health Commun 2021 Oct 15:1-9. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Behavioural Medicine Laboratory, School of Exercise Science, Physical and Health Education, University of Victoria, Victoria, Canada.

Social marketing campaigns promoting moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) may be more successful when associated with strong brands. Little is known regarding how brand constructs such as brand resonance may be related to MVPA and its antecedents (e.g. Read More

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October 2021

Valgus Control Feedback and Taping Improves the Effects of Plyometric Exercises in Women With Dynamic Knee Valgus.

Sports Health 2021 Oct 15:19417381211049805. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Graduate Athletic Training Program, Health & Human Performance Department, University of Tennessee Chattanooga, Chattanooga, Tennessee.

Background: Female athletes are more predisposed to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in comparison with their male counterparts. Research on ACL injury prevention strategies has demonstrated beneficial effects of plyometric exercises and feedback (FB) during the exercises. FB has resulted in reductions in vertical ground-reaction force and kinematic risk factors associated with ACL injury. Read More

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October 2021

Playing alone: can game design elements satisfy user needs in gamified mHealth services?

Health Promot Int 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

QUT Business School, Advertising, Marketing and Public Relations, Queensland University Technology, 2 George Street, Brisbane, QLD 4001, Australia.

Chronic health conditions have necessitated the need for behavioral interventions (such as exercise programs) outside of clinical contexts, increasingly managed through technology such as mobile health (mHealth) services. Gamification has emerged as a promising tool to facilitate greater engagement in these services; however, no studies investigate the links between specific game design elements (GDEs) and psychological or behavioral outcomes within a health context. This domain is motivationally complex and has shown resistance to the satisfaction of social (relatedness) needs, presenting a challenge to the design of gamification products for health promotion. Read More

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October 2021

Walking on common ground: a cross-disciplinary scoping review on the clinical utility of digital mobility outcomes.

NPJ Digit Med 2021 Oct 14;4(1):149. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Insigneo Institute, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.

Physical mobility is essential to health, and patients often rate it as a high-priority clinical outcome. Digital mobility outcomes (DMOs), such as real-world gait speed or step count, show promise as clinical measures in many medical conditions. However, current research is nascent and fragmented by discipline. Read More

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October 2021

Effects of traditional Chinese exercises and general aerobic exercises on older adults with sleep disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Integr Med 2021 Oct 1. Epub 2021 Oct 1.

School of Public Health, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu Province, China. Electronic address:

Background: Sleep disorders are common in older adults and have a negative influence on their physical and mental health. General aerobic exercises (GAEs) have long been used in the treatment of sleep disorders as a non-pharmacological measure. However, there is no consensus on the efficacy of traditional Chinese exercises (TCEs) for treating sleep disorders in older adults and the difference between TCEs and GAEs. Read More

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October 2021

Connecting breast cancer survivors for exercise: protocol for a two-arm randomized controlled trial.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2021 Oct 14;13(1):128. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Background: Peer-based exercise interventions that cultivate new opportunities for support with a fellow cancer survivor may result in increased exercise volume. It is not clear whether adding qualified exercise professional (QEP) support to peer-based interventions improves health outcomes. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine whether breast cancer survivor (BCS) dyads who receive 10 weekly sessions of virtually delivered QEP support have improved outcomes compared to BCS dyads who do not receive QEP support. Read More

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October 2021

Prehabilitation, improving postoperative outcomes.

Rozhl Chir 2021 ;100(9):421-428

Cardiopulmonary fitness impacts upon post-operative outcomes. Improved fitness may lead to a reduction in postoperative morbidity, mortality, reduced length of stay and improvements in patients quality of life. Prehabilitation can be defined as a group of interventions undertaken prior to a surgical procedure, with the aim of reducing peri-operative risk, improving post-operative recovery and outcomes. Read More

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October 2021

Child neglect and eating habits in primary schoolchildren: A prospective study in Wuhan, China.

Appetite 2021 Oct 11;168:105756. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China; Hubei Biomass-Resource Chemistry and Environmental Biotechnology Key Laboratory, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:

Child neglect (CN) has been associated with eating disorders, but little is known about its prospective association with the eating habits (EHs) of children. This study aimed to assess the cross-sectional and prospective associations of baseline CN with six common EHs in Chinese primary schoolchildren. We analyzed two-wave data of 1102 children (aged 9. Read More

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October 2021

Short- and long-term effects of different exercise programs on the gait performance of older adults with subjective cognitive decline: A randomized controlled trial.

Exp Gerontol 2021 Oct 11:111590. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Institute of Innovation for Future Society, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan; Department of Community Healthcare and Geriatrics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Older adults, especially those with cognitive decline, often have poor gait performance, which results in poor clinical outcomes due to falls or decreased daily physical activity. The effects of various exercises on gait performance have been studied, whereas the short-term and long-term effects of different exercise modalities remain unknown.

Objective: To compare the short- and long-term effects of aerobic training (AT), resistance training (RT), and combined training (CT) on the gait performance of community-dwelling older adults with subjective cognitive decline (SCD). Read More

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October 2021

Exploring the impact of exercise and mind-body prehabilitation interventions on physical and psychological outcomes in women undergoing breast cancer surgery.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 44 Binney St, YC1250, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Purpose: To compare the impact of exercise and mind-body prehabilitation interventions on changes in quality of life and cancer treatment-related symptoms in women with newly diagnosed breast cancer.

Methods: The following describes a secondary analysis of a randomized window of opportunity trial (The Pre-Operative Health and Body Study). Forty-nine women were randomized to participate in either an exercise prehabilitation intervention or a mind-body prehabilitation intervention from the time of enrollment to surgery. Read More

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October 2021

Nature-based outdoor activities for mental and physical health: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

SSM Popul Health 2021 Dec 1;16:100934. Epub 2021 Oct 1.

York Environmental Sustainability Institute, University of York, York, YO10 5NG, UK.

Mental health problems are associated with lower quality of life, increased unscheduled care, high economic and social cost, and increased mortality. Nature-based interventions (NBIs) that support people to engage with nature in a structured way are asset-based solutions to improve mental health for community based adults. However, it is unclear which NBIs are most effective, or what format and dose is most efficacious. Read More

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December 2021

Effects of Exercise Interventions on Immune Function in Children and Adolescents With Cancer and HSCT Recipients - A Systematic Review.

Front Immunol 2021 27;12:746171. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Center for Child and Adolescent Medicine, Clinic for Pediatrics III, West German Cancer Centre, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.

Background: Pediatric cancer patients are at high risk for life-threatening infections, therapy associated complications and cancer-related side effects. Exercise is a promising tool to support the immune system and reduce inflammation. The primary objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of exercise interventions in pediatric cancer patients and survivors on the immune system. Read More

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September 2021

Left Atrial Myopathy in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction.

Circ J 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic.

The left atrium (LA) plays an important role in facilitating left ventricular (LV) filling by acting as a reservoir, passive conduit, and active booster pump, as well as a regulator of blood volume through A-type natriuretic peptide secretion in response to stimulation by mechanical stretch of the cavity. LA myopathy has emerged as one of the most important non-LV contributors to disease progression in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). LA dysfunction is common in HFpEF and is associated with more severe pulmonary vascular disease and right ventricular dysfunction, and increases the risk of incident atrial fibrillation or atrial functional mitral regurgitation, leading to limitations in cardiac output reserve and reduced exercise capacity. Read More

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October 2021

The PRO-ACTIVE trial protocol: a randomized study comparing the effectiveness of PROphylACTic swallow InterVEntion for patients receiving radiotherapy for head and neck cancer.

BMC Cancer 2021 Oct 13;21(1):1100. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Division of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, 7007 Bertner Ave, Houston, TX, TX 77030, USA.

Background: Swallowing therapy is commonly provided as a treatment to lessen the risk or severity of dysphagia secondary to radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC); however, best practice is not yet established. This trial will compare the effectiveness of prophylactic (high and low intensity) versus reactive interventions for swallowing in patients with HNC undergoing RT.

Methods: This multi-site, international randomized clinical trial (RCT) will include 952 adult patients receiving radiotherapy for HNC and who are at high risk for post-RT dysphagia. Read More

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October 2021

Effectiveness and moderators of a multicomponent school-based intervention on screen time devices: the Movimente cluster-randomized controlled trial.

BMC Public Health 2021 Oct 13;21(1):1852. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Federal University of Santa Catarina - Sports center - Physical Education Department, University campus, Trindade, Florianópolis, SC, 88040-900, Brazil.

Background: Interventions targeting reduce screen time in adolescents are urgently needed, mainly in low and middle-income countries because of the lack of evidence. Thus, the aims of the study were to examine the effect of a cluster-randomized controlled trial on screen time (ST) devices among Brazilian adolescents and to identify possible moderators.

Methods: Movimente was a multicomponent school-based intervention that was performed in 2017 and consisted of teacher training, education curriculum, and environmental improvements. Read More

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October 2021

Neurofeedback therapy for the management of multiple sclerosis symptoms: current knowledge and future perspectives.

J Integr Neurosci 2021 Sep;20(3):745-754

EA 4391, Excitabilité Nerveuse et Thérapeutique, Université Paris-Est-Créteil, 94010 Créteil, France.

Fatigue is a frequent and debilitating symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Affective manifestations are also of high prevalence in this population and can drastically impact the patients' functioning. A considerable proportion of patients with MS suffer from cognitive deficits affecting general and social cognitive domains. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of exercise on symptoms of anxiety in primary care patients: A randomized controlled trial.

J Affect Disord 2021 Oct 10. Epub 2021 Oct 10.

School of Public Health and Community Medicine / Primary Health Care, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Region Västra Götaland, Regionhälsan, Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: There is a need for high-quality research regarding exercise interventions for persons with anxiety disorders. We investigate whether a 12-week exercise intervention, with different intensities, could reduce anxiety symptoms in patients with anxiety disorders.

Methods: 286 patients were recruited from primary care in Sweden. Read More

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October 2021

Modulation of offset analgesia in patients with chronic pain and healthy subjects - a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Scand J Pain 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Health Science and Technology, Centre for Neuroplasticity and Pain, School of Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

Objectives: Offset analgesia (OA) induces a brief pain inhibition and studies suggest OA impairment in patients with chronic pain when compared to healthy subjects. Conditioned pain modulation remains the most studied descending pain inhibitory control mechanism and is modulated by centrally-acting analgesics. Since OA may be mediated by similar neural substrates as conditioned pain modulation, understanding if OA is a peripheral or central proxy of pain modulation is important. Read More

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October 2021

Outcomes of Early Surgical versus Non-Surgical Management of Pediatric Hand Friction Injuries Caused by Treadmills.

J Burn Care Res 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital of Michigan/Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.

Introduction: Pediatric hand friction injuries caused by running treadmills are ever more prevalent due to the increasing presence of home exercise equipment. These and other related injuries have received recent attention in the media, leading to mass product recalls in some cases. These friction injuries are similar to deep thermal burns and these patients are usually cared for in the pediatric burn unit at our institution. Read More

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October 2021

The effects of a physical and cognitive training intervention vs. physical training alone on older adults' physical activity: A randomized controlled trial with extended follow-up during COVID-19.

PLoS One 2021 13;16(10):e0258559. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Gerontology Research Center and Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.

Background: Executive functions underlie self-regulation and are thus important for physical activity and adaptation to new situations. The aim was to investigate, if yearlong physical and cognitive training (PTCT) had greater effects on physical activity among older adults than physical training (PT) alone, and if executive functions predicted physical activity at baseline, after six (6m) and twelve months (12m) of the interventions, one-year post-intervention follow-up and an extended follow-up during COVID-19 lockdown.

Methods: Data from a single-blinded, parallel-group randomized controlled trial (PASSWORD-study, ISRCTN52388040) were utilized. Read More

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October 2021

Kinesiotherapy With Exergaming as a Potential Modulator of Epigenetic Marks and Clinical Functional Variables of Older Women: Protocol for a Mixed Methods Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Oct 13;10(10):e32729. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, Brazil.

Background: Kinesiotherapy is an option to mitigate worsening neuropsychomotor function due to human aging. Moreover, exergames are beneficial for the practice of physical therapy by older patients. Physical exercise interventions are known to alter the epigenome, but little is known about their association with exergames. Read More

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October 2021

Simulating the impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions limiting transmission in COVID-19 epidemics using a membrane computing model.

Microlife 2021 9;2:uqab011. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Microbiology, Ramón y Cajal University Hospital, M-607, km 9,1 28034 Madrid, Spain.

Epidemics caused by microbial organisms are part of the natural phenomena of increasing biological complexity. The heterogeneity and constant variability of hosts, in terms of age, immunological status, family structure, lifestyle, work activities, social and leisure habits, daily division of time and other demographic characteristics make it extremely difficult to predict the evolution of epidemics. Such prediction is, however, critical for implementing intervention measures in due time and with appropriate intensity. Read More

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September 2021

Safer cycling in older age (SiFAr): a protocol of a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Geriatr 2021 Oct 12;21(1):546. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Institute for Biomedicine of Aging, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Kobergerstraße 60, 90408, Nürnberg, Bavaria, Germany.

Background: Cycling has positive effects on health and the proportion of older cyclists is rising. However, the risk for older adults to be injured or killed by a bicycle accident increases. The aim of the ongoing project "Safer Cycling in Older Age (SiFAr)" is to promote safer cycling in community-dwelling older adults with a structured, multi-component exercise training. Read More

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October 2021

Estimation of Various Walking Intensities Based on Wearable Plantar Pressure Sensors Using Artificial Neural Networks.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Sep 29;21(19). Epub 2021 Sep 29.

Rehabilitation Engineering Lab, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA.

Walking has been demonstrated to improve health in people with diabetes and peripheral arterial disease. However, continuous walking can produce repeated stress on the plantar foot and cause a high risk of foot ulcers. In addition, a higher walking intensity (i. Read More

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September 2021

"It's More Than Just Exercise": Tailored Exercise at a Community-Based Activity Center as a along the Road to Mental Health Recovery and Citizenship.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Oct 7;18(19). Epub 2021 Oct 7.

District Psychiatric Center Østre Agder, Clinic for Mental Health and Addiction, Sørlandet Hospital, 4824 Bjorbekk, Norway.

Mental health care policies call for health-promoting and recovery-oriented interventions, as well as community-based programs supporting healthier habits. The purpose of this study was to explore how individuals facing mental health challenges experienced participating in tailored exercise at a community-based activity center, and what role tailored exercise could play in supporting an individual's process of recovery. Data were collected through in-depth interviews with nine adults experiencing poor mental health who engaged in exercise at the activity center. Read More

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October 2021