500,857 results match your criteria exercise


Effects of water-based exercises on functioning of postmenopausal women: A systematic review with meta-analysis.

Exp Gerontol 2022 Jun 25:111875. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Departamento de Fisioterapia, Curso de Fisioterapia da Universidade Federal da Bahia - UFBA, Salvador, BA, Brazil.; Grupo de Pesquisa em Fisioterapia - UFBA, Salvador, BA, Brazil.; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina e Saúde - UFBA, Salvador, BA, Brazil.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of Water-Based Exercise (WBE) versus Land-Based Exercise (LBE) and of WBE versus Non-Exercise in postmenopausal women on muscle strength, agility, flexibility, bone mineral density and aerobic capacity.

Methods: We systematically searched in MEDLINE, PEDro, SciELO and the Cochrane Library RCT published until May 2022. Only randomized controlled trials were included. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of an exercise-based lifestyle intervention on systemic markers of oxidative stress and advanced glycation endproducts in persons with type 2 diabetes: Secondary analysis of a randomised clinical trial.

Free Radic Biol Med 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Centre for Physical Activity Research, Copenhagen University Hospital - Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

Aims/hypothesis: This secondary analysis aimed to investigate the effects of a 12 months intensive exercise-based lifestyle intervention on systemic markers of oxidative stress in persons with type 2 diabetes. We hypothesized lifestyle intervention to be superior to standard care in decreasing levels of oxidative stress.

Methods: The study was based on the single-centre, assessor-blinded, randomised, controlled U-turn trial (ClinicalTrial. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Oxidative Stress, Testosterone, Cortisol and Vitamin D: Differences in Professional Soccer Players of African and Caucasian Origin.

Med Princ Pract 2022 Jun 28. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Background: Under conditions of intense athletic exercise free radicals and cortisol production increases, whereas testosterone and vitamin D blood levels decrease. Ethnic differences in the levels of these biological mediators have been reported. Aim of the present study was to evaluate the behavior of these biological parameters, the differences ethnic, and their relationships with clinical symptoms of overtraining. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of multicomponent and dual-task exercise on falls in nursing homes: The AgeingOn Dual-Task study.

Maturitas 2022 Jun 20;164:15-22. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Nursing, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Leioa, Bizkaia, Spain; BioCruces Health Research Institute, Barakaldo, Bizkaia, Spain.

Objective: To compare the effects of a multicomponent exercise program and a dual-task exercise program on the number of falls (fall rate) and number of fallers (fall incidence) and on parameters associated with fall risk in older adults living in long-term nursing homes (LTNH).

Study Design: This is a secondary analysis of a single-blind randomized controlled trial involving 85 older adults in nine LTNHs (Gipuzkoa, Spain). Participants allocated to the multicomponent group underwent a twice-a-week 3-month individualized and progressive resistance and balance program. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An exploratory analysis of gait biomechanics and muscle activation in pregnant females with high and low scores for low back or pelvic girdle pain during and after pregnancy.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2022 Jun 19;97:105705. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Department of Exercise Science, Creighton University, 2500 California Plaza, Omaha, NE 68178, USA.

Background: The purpose of this study was to compare gait kinematics, kinetics, and muscle activation between pregnant females with high and low scores for low back and/or pelvic girdle pain during and after pregnancy.

Methods: Twenty participants tested during second trimester, third trimester, and again post-partum. At each session, motion capture, force plates, and surface electromyography data were captured during self-selected velocity over-ground walking. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Conflicting time-dependent effects of treadmill exercise on joint contracture after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in rats.

Tissue Cell 2022 Jun 23;77:101861. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Hiroshima International University, Kurose-Gakuendai 555-36, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-2695, Japan.

We examined the time-dependent differences in the effects of treadmill exercise on joint contracture after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Rats received ACL reconstructive surgery. After surgery, rats were reared with or without treadmill exercise (60 min/day) starting at 3 days (when inflammatory reactions are active) or 14 days (when inflammatory reactions have subsided) post-surgery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Correction: Aerobic Exercise in HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2022 Jun 28;11(6):e40486. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2196/29230.]. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An Unfolding Tabletop Simulation Training Exercise on Disaster Planning for Nursing Students.

Nurse Educ 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Nurse Navigator (Ms Johnson), Advocate Aurora Illinois Masonic Medical Center, Chicago; Associate Director/Associate Professor (Dr Badowski), RN to MS Nursing Program, DePaul University School of Nursing, Chicago, Illinois; and Clinical Associate Professor (Dr Quandt), DePaul University School of Nursing, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: Disaster planning is an essential component for nursing students to learn.

Problem: Clinical experiences of disasters are typically unavailable for nursing students. Increasing frequency of disaster events around the globe has made disaster planning knowledge and skills a critical component in nursing education and professional practice. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Clinical outcomes of patients with coronary microvascular dysfunction in absence of obstructive coronary atherosclerosis.

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2022 Jul 23;23(7):421-426. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimento di Medicina Cardiovascolare, Rome.

Up to 50% of patients presenting with stable, mainly exercise-induced, chest pain and 10-20% of those admitted to hospital with chest pain suggesting an acute coronary syndrome show normal or near-normal coronary arteries at angiography. Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is a major cause of symptoms in these patients. However, controversial data exist about their prognosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Clinical outcomes of patients with coronary microvascular dysfunction in absence of obstructive coronary atherosclerosis.

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimento di Medicina Cardiovascolare, Rome.

Up to 50% of patients presenting with stable, mainly exercise-induced, chest pain and 10-20% of those admitted to hospital with chest pain suggesting an acute coronary syndrome show normal or near-normal coronary arteries at angiography. Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is a major cause of symptoms in these patients. However, controversial data exist about their prognosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Estimating core body temperature using electrocardiogram signals.

PLoS One 2022 28;17(6):e0270626. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Nishinihon Occupational Health Service Center, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Suppressing the elevation in core body temperature is an important factor in preventing heatstroke. However, there is still no non-invasive method to sense core body temperature. This study proposed an algorithm that estimates core body temperature based on electrocardiogram signals. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Interobserver and intraobserver reliabilities of determining the ventilatory thresholds in subjects with a lower limb amputation and able-bodied subjects during a peak exercise test on the combined arm-leg (Cruiser) ergometer.

Int J Rehabil Res 2022 Jun 29. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Departments of Rehabilitation Medicine.

The first (VT1) and second ventilator (VT2) (anaerobic) thresholds are used to individually prescribe exercise training programs. The purpose of this research was to analyze inter- and intraobserver reliabilities of determining VT1 and VT2 in subjects with lower limb amputation (LLA) and able-bodied (AB) subjects during a peak exercise test on the arm-leg (Cruiser) ergometer. Previously published data of exercise tests on the Cruiser ergometer of subjects with LLA (n = 17) and AB subjects (n = 30) were analyzed twice by two observers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The early impacts of COVID-19 on people living with dementia: part I of a mixed-methods systematic review.

Aging Ment Health 2022 Jun 28:1-14. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Lewy Body Society, Wigan, UK.

The aim of this Part I systematic review was to understand the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the lives of people with dementia living in the community or in residential care. Part II focused on unpaid carers. This review was registered on PROSPERO [CRD42021248050]. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Long-term Effects of a Social Media-Based Intervention (Run4Love) on Depressive Symptoms of People Living With HIV: 3-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Med Internet Res 2022 Jun 28;24(6):e36809. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Department of Medical Statistics, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Emerging studies have shown the effectiveness of mobile health (mHealth) interventions in reducing depressive symptoms among people living with HIV. Most of these studies included only short-term follow-up, with limited data on long-term effects.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to assess the long-term effects of a randomized controlled trial called Run4Love on depressive symptoms among people living with HIV at 1-year and 3-year follow-ups. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Practical Blood Flow Restriction Training: New Methodological Directions for Practice and Research.

Sports Med Open 2022 Jun 28;8(1):87. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Study and Research Group in Biomechanics and Psychophysiology of Exercise, Department of Physical Education and Sport, Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Norte, Rua Manoel Lopes Filho, nº 773. Valfredo Galvão, Currais Novos, RN, CEP: 59380-000, Brazil.

Most studies with blood flow restriction (BFR) training have been conducted using devices capable of regulating the restriction pressure, such as pneumatic cuffs. However, this may not be a viable option for the general population who exercise in gyms, squares and sports centers. Thinking about this logic, practical blood flow restriction (pBFR) training was created in 2009, suggesting the use of elastic knee wraps as an alternative to the traditional BFR, as it is low cost, affordable and practical. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms in a cohort of Australian servicewomen and female veterans.

Int Urogynecol J 2022 Jun 28. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Tactical Research Unit, Bond University, Robina, Australia.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common in the general female population. It was hypothesised that Australian female military personnel and veterans would experience similar types and prevalence of LUTS as the broader Australian female population.

Methods: An online cross-sectional survey was utilised to explore the pelvic health of active servicewomen and veterans in the Australian Defence Force (ADF). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effect of treadmill walking for anxiety, depression and social well-being in women with diabetes type 2: A randomized controlled trial.

Health Care Women Int 2022 Jun 28:1-19. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

UKZN and Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.

Anxiety and depression are higher in persons with diabetes leading to poor glycaemic control and diabetes-related emotional distress. Some diabetic women do not engage in exercises perceiving it to make their diabetes worse. The researchers' objective of this treadmill walking program was to determine its effect on anxiety, depression and social well-being in women with diabetes type 2 (DT2). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of intensive exercise training combined with motor imagery therapy on limb functional recovery of patients with post-stroke hemiplegia.

Minerva Surg 2022 Jun 28. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Linping Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China -

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of strength training on the biomechanics and coordination of short-term maximal cycling.

J Sports Sci 2022 Jun 28:1-10. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

College of Health, Wellbeing and Life Sciences, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK.

The aim was to investigate the effects of a gym-based strength training intervention on biomechanics and intermuscular coordination patterns during short-term maximal cycling. Twelve track sprint cyclists performed 3 × 4 s seated sprints at 135 rpm, interspersed with 2 × 4 s seated sprints at 60 rpm on an isokinetic ergometer, repeating the session 11.6 ± 1. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Reliability and validity of using the global school-based student health survey to assess 24 hour movement behaviours in adolescents from Saudi Arabia.

J Sports Sci 2022 Jun 28:1-9. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.

This study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) to measure 24-hour movement behaviours (moderate-to-vigorous physical activity - MVPA; sedentary behaviour in the form of recreational screen time - ST; and sleep) in Saudi Arabian youths. A total of 120 (50% female) participants aged 12-15 years old were recruited from eight Saudi public middle schools. Participants completed GSHS survey twice and wore GENEActiv accelerometers for seven consecutive days and completed a diary log. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Persistent Xe MRI Pulmonary and CT Vascular Abnormalities in Symptomatic Individuals with Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome.

Radiology 2022 Jun 28:220492. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Robarts Research Institute.

Background In patients with post-acute COVID-19-syndrome (PACS), abnormal gas-transfer and pulmonary vascular density have been reported, but such findings have not been related to each other, or to symptoms and exercise limitation. The pathophysiological drivers of PACS in ever- and never-hospitalized patients are not well-understood. Purpose To determine the relationship of persistent symptoms and exercise limitation with Xe MRI and CT pulmonary vascular measurements in individuals with PACS. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cardiocirculatory Stress in Professional Football (Soccer) Coaches.

Clin J Sport Med 2022 Jul 8;32(4):414-417. Epub 2022 Feb 8.

Institute of Sports and Preventive Medicine, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany; and.

Objective: It was intended to quantify cardiocirculatory stress and risk of professional football (soccer) coaches during competition.

Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study.

Setting: Medical screening examination and measurements during match. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

High Number of Medical Conditions Detected in Elite Athlete Periodic Health Evaluations, But Only Mild Consequences.

Clin J Sport Med 2022 Jul 25;32(4):387-395. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Department of Sports Medicine, The Sports Physician Group, OLVG Hospital, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; and.

Objective: To evaluate the number of medical conditions detected by periodic health evaluations (PHEs) in elite athletes, and their consequences for management and medical clearance.

Design: Retrospective design.

Participants: Elite athletes of various sports in a high-performance program in The Netherlands, in the period between 2009 and 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pediatric Sport and Exercise Medicine: Eight Things Clinicians and Patients Should Question.

Clin J Sport Med 2022 Jul;32(4):339-340

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of exercise prescribed at different levels of claudication pain on walking performance in patients with intermittent claudication: a protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Ther Adv Cardiovasc Dis 2022 Jan-Dec;16:17539447221108817

Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Preston, UK.

Background: Peripheral artery disease affects over 236 million people globally and the classic symptom is intermittent claudication (IC) which is associated with reduction in physical activity. The evidence that supervised exercise programmes (SEPs) improve pain-free and maximal walking distance is irrefutable. However, adherence rates are low with exercise-related pain cited as a contributing factor. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Relationship Between Compliance of Physiotherapeutic Scoliosis Specific Exercises and Curve Regression With Mild to Moderate Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Global Spine J 2022 Jun 28:21925682221109565. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Department of Orthopaedics, 444333The University of Hong Kong - Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, People's Republic of China.

Study Design: Retrospective Case-control Study.

Objectives: To determine the requisite exercise compliance (EC) of physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercise (PSSE) for achieving curve regression; to analyze whether the apical translation (AT), apical wedging (AW), and apical rotation (AR) of the major curve improve with regression effect.

Methods: Between 2019 and 2021, a total of 763 patients undertook a 6-month PSSE treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Carbon dioxide effects on daytime sleepiness and EEG signal: A combinational approach using classical frequentist and Bayesian analyses.

Indoor Air 2022 Jun;32(6):e13055

Division of Biomedical Engineering for Health & Welfare, Tohoku University Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan.

Environmental carbon dioxide (CO ) could affect various mental and physiological activities in humans, but its effect on daytime sleepiness is still controversial. In a randomized and counterbalanced crossover study with twelve healthy volunteers, we applied a combinational approach using classical frequentist and Bayesian statistics to analyze the CO exposure effect on daytime sleepiness and electroencephalogram (EEG) signals. Subjective sleepiness was measured by the Japanese Karolinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS-J) by recording EEG during CO exposure at different concentrations: Normal (C), 4000 ppm (Moderately High: MH), and 40 000 ppm (high: H). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Editorial: The role of targeted nutritional modulation alongside exercise rehabilitation to improve systemic health outcomes in chronic diseases.

Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2022 May;25(3):133-135

Center for Translational Research in Aging & Longevity, Department of Health & Kinesiology, Texas A&M University. College Station, Texas, USA.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Editorial: Type 2 diabetes therapeutics: weight loss and other strategies.

Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2022 Jul;25(4):256-259

Center for Human Nutrition, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

DIFFERENCES IN STRENGTH, LEG LEAN MASS, AND LIFESTYLE FACTORS BETWEEN PRE- AND PERI-MENOPAUSAL WOMEN.

Clin Physiol Funct Imaging 2022 Jun 28. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Applied Physiology Laboratory, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: Menopausal changes coupled with age-related reductions in muscle strength can impact functionality.

Aim: To evaluate the differences in muscle strength, dominant leg lean mass (DLM ), relative protein intake (r_PRO), and physical activity (PA) between pre-menopausal (PRE) and peri-menopausal (PERI) women.

Methods: 24 PRE- (Age=39. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF