952 results match your criteria evening increasing

Nocturnal Pollinators Significantly Contribute to Apple Production.

J Econ Entomol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Biological Sciences, Science and Engineering, Room 601, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA.

Agricultural dependency on insect-mediated pollination is increasing at the same time that pollinator populations are experiencing declines in diversity and abundance. Current pollinator research in agriculture focuses largely on diurnal pollinators, yet the evidence for pollination by moths and other nocturnal pollinators is growing. Apples are one of the most valuable and important fruits produced globally, and apple production is dependent on insect-mediated cross-pollination to generate a profitable crop. Read More

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Effect of Heeled Shoes on Joint Symptoms and Knee Osteoarthritis in Older Adults: A 5-Year Follow-Up Study.

ACR Open Rheumatol 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, and University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom.

Objective: Our aims were to examine the effects of heeled shoes on incident knee osteoarthritis (OA) and joint pain.

Methods: We used longitudinal data from the Chingford 1000 Women Study (Chingford Study), a prospective cohort of women aged 50 years or older. Participants with musculoskeletal disorders and/or a history of knee-related injury/surgery were excluded. Read More

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A Natural Experiment: Results of Community-Designed Park Improvements on Park Use and Physical Activity.

Health Promot Pract 2021 Jul 7:15248399211026265. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

College of Charleston, Charleston, SC, USA.

The objective of this study was to assess if built environment changes to two suburban parks that involved extensive community engagement and physical activity programming increased park use and physical activity. This study employed a natural experiment evaluation design where community engagement informed the redesign of two neighborhood parks. Community engagement in the redesign of the parks was tracked as was the diversity of the partners on the steering committee and participation by community members in the process. Read More

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Is there an association of cortisol, DHEA-S and cortisol/DHEA-S ratio with obesity and selected metabolic parameters?

Pol Merkur Lekarski 2021 Jun;49(291):187-192

Medical University of Poznan, Poland: Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Internal Medicine.

A growing problem of obesity observed worldwide results in an increased interest of its pathogenesis. One hypothesis is the association between hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and obesity.

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess cortisol and DHEA-S secretion and their association with body mass and other selected metabolic parameters. Read More

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Predicting traffic noise using land-use regression-a scalable approach.

J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 2021 Jul 2. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

German Aerospace Center (DLR), German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD), Weßling, Germany.

Background: In modern societies, noise is ubiquitous. It is an annoyance and can have a negative impact on human health as well as on the environment. Despite increasing evidence of its negative impacts, spatial knowledge about noise distribution remains limited. Read More

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The interindividual variability of sleep timing and circadian phase in humans is influenced by daytime and evening light conditions.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 1;11(1):13709. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Industrial Engineering and Innovation Sciences, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.

Human cognitive functioning shows circadian variations throughout the day. However, individuals largely differ in their timing during the day of when they are more capable of performing specific tasks and when they prefer to sleep. These interindividual differences in preferred temporal organization of sleep and daytime activities define the chronotype. Read More

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Feasibility and acceptability of a digital health intervention to promote engagement in and adherence to medication for opioid use disorder.

J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 Jun 16:108538. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Brown-Lifespan Center for Digital Health, United States; Department of Emergency Medicine, Alpert Medical School, Brown University, United States.

Background: Buprenorphine-naloxone is an evidence-based treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD). Despite its efficacy, nearly half of patients discontinue treatment prematurely. Novel intervention strategies that may be delivered outside of traditional treatment settings are needed to support buprenorphine uptake and maintenance. Read More

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Spatial patterns and temporal variations of traffic-related air pollutants and estimating its health effects in Isfahan city, Iran.

J Environ Health Sci Eng 2021 Jun 18;19(1):781-791. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran.

Isfahan as an important industrial city has faced with air pollution recently. Thus, we assessed the spatial and temporal trends of ambient PM, CO, SO, and O and for estimating their health effect on Isfahan citizens between March 2018 and March 2019 through the AirQ+ software. Our results showed that citizens of Isfahan in almost 240, 167, and 134 of the days in the year has exposure to PM, SO, and O higher than the WHO daily guideline, respectively. Read More

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Relationship between sleep habits and academic performance in university Nursing students.

BMC Nurs 2021 Jun 17;20(1):100. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Cardiology, Hospital Clínico Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, Universidad de Murcia, Instituto Murciano de Investigación Biosanitaria (IMIB-Arrixaca), CIBERCV, 30120, Murcia, Spain.

Background: Sleep disorders are composed of a group of diseases of increasing prevalence and with social-health implications to be considered a public health problem. Sleep habits and specific sleep behaviors have an influence on the academic success of students. However, the characteristics of sleep and sleep habits of university students as predictors of poor academic performance have been scarcely analyzed. Read More

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Lifestyle and eating habits before and during COVID-19 quarantine in Brazil.

Public Health Nutr 2021 Jun 10:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Food Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Pres. Antônio Carlos, 6627, Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, MG31270-901, Brazil.

Objective: To assess changes in daily habits, food choices and lifestyle of adult Brazilians before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Design: This observational study was carried out with Brazilian adults through an online questionnaire 5 months after the social distance measures implementation. The McNemar, McNemar–Bowker and Wilcoxon tests were used to investigate differences before and during the COVID pandemic period, adopting the statistical significance of P < 0·05. Read More

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An in-depth analysis of self-reported cycling injuries in single and multiparty bicycle crashes in Denmark.

J Safety Res 2021 06 10;77:114-124. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of the Built Environment, Aalborg University, Thomas Manns Vej 23, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark.

Introduction: Cycling is one of the main forms of transportation in Denmark. However, while the number of traffic crash fatalities in the country has decreased over the past decade, the frequency of cyclists killed or seriously injured has increased. The high rate of serious injuries and fatalities associated with cycling emphasizes the increasing need for mitigating the severity of such crashes. Read More

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Chronotherapy for morning blood pressure surge in hypertensive patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Jun 4;21(1):274. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Cardiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, No.1 ShuaiFuYuan, Beijing, 100730, China.

Background: The morning blood pressure surge (MBPS) is related to an exaggerated risk of cardiovascular diseases and mortality. With increasing attention on circadian change in blood pressure and extensive use of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), chronotherapy that administration of medication according to biological rhythm, is reported to improve cardiovascular outcomes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of chronotherapy of antihypertensive drugs upon MBPS in hypertensive patients. Read More

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Vehicle Effects on the Rosacea Skin Barrier.

J Drugs Dermatol 2021 Jun;20(6):630-632

Background: Inflammatory papulopustular rosacea produces sensitive facial skin. Thus, medications designed for rosacea require careful vehicle development to insure optimal drug delivery in an environment suitable for barrier repair.

Objective: The objective of this phase 1 study was to elucidate the barrier effects of an investigational topical minocycline anhydrous gel 3% in subjects with inflammatory rosacea. Read More

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Short-Term Protein Supplementation Does Not Alter Energy Intake, Macronutrient Intake and Appetite in 50-75 Year Old Adults.

Nutrients 2021 May 18;13(5). Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Oncology and Metabolism, The Medical School, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2RX, UK.

Ageing is associated with a reduction in muscle mass and strength, termed sarcopenia. Dietary protein is important for the maintenance of muscle mass through the promotion of muscle protein synthesis. However, protein is also reported to be a highly satiating nutrient. Read More

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Chronotype and social support among student athletes: impact on depressive symptoms.

Chronobiol Int 2021 May 26:1-11. Epub 2021 May 26.

Sleep and Health Research Program, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA.

Previous studies have shown individuals with evening chronotype to have a greater likelihood for depression (self-reported and clinical ratings), especially in young adults. However, the mechanisms for this relationship remain unknown. Low levels of social support may be a plausible mechanism: young adults with evening chronotypes are awake when others are sleeping, which may lead to feelings of isolation or low support. Read More

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Effect of Daylight Saving Time clock shifts on white-tailed deer-vehicle collision rates.

J Environ Manage 2021 Aug 17;292:112774. Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Biology, Clarkson University, Potsdam, 13699, New York, USA; Department of Biology, Clarkson University, Potsdam, 13699, New York, USA. Electronic address:

To devise effective measures for reducing hazardous wildlife-vehicle collisions, it is necessary to know when during the year accidents occur most frequently, and what factors cause the seasonal patterns. Daylight Saving Time (DST) 1-h clock-shifts around the spring and fall equinoxes at temperate zone latitudes are associated with increased vehicle accidents, attributed to driver error caused by disrupted sleep patterns and changes in visibility during peak driving times. Collision with deer is a significant cause of motor vehicle accidents in North America; in New York State alone, 65,000 vehicle accidents annually are caused by collision with white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Read More

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Restoration of gallery forest patches improves recruitment of motacú palms (Attalea princeps) while diversifying and increasing wildlife populations.

PLoS One 2021 29;16(4):e0250183. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

School of Environment and Natural Resources, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America.

Globally, forest-savanna mosaic landscapes are of significant conservation importance but have been widely impacted by human land-use. We studied how restoration, through cessation of long-term cattle grazing impacts (i) forest regeneration; (ii) forest understory structure and composition; and (iii) populations and diversity of large mammals and nocturnal birds, within naturally patchy gallery forests in the Beni Savannas of Bolivia. Comparing grazed and restored sites, we assessed the abundance and composition of tree functional types at different life stages (seedlings, saplings and adults), with focus on the region's key palm species Attalea princeps (motacú). Read More

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A Study of the Pattern of Injuries Sustained from Road Traffic Accidents Caused by Impact with Stray Animals.

J Emerg Trauma Shock 2021 Jan-Mar;14(1):23-27. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Orthopedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Background: The incidence of road traffic accidents (RTA) is increasing every day, especially in developing nations. Amongst various attributable factors, the menace of the stray animals remains one of the most underrecognized factors leading to animal-vehicle collision (AVC). Objectives: Our prospective cross-sectional study aims to survey the incidence of RTA attributable to stray animals and record the pattern of injuries along with other epidemiological parameters. Read More

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Insomnia and stress of physicians during COVID-19 outbreak.

Sleep Med X 2020 Dec 20;2:100017. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Iraq.

Background: Healthcare workers are at high risk of developing sleep disorders during an outbreak. This study aimed to measure severity of sleep difficulty and its correlation with duration of deal with suspected/confirmed cases of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) in physicians.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 268 physicians from different medical settings were included during the COVID-19 outbreak. Read More

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December 2020

COVID-19 Pandemic on Fire: Evolved Propensities for Nocturnal Activities as a Liability Against Epidemiological Control.

Front Psychol 2021 22;12:646711. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Experimental Psychology, Institute of Psychology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Humans have been using fire for hundreds of millennia, creating an ancestral expansion toward the nocturnal niche. The new adaptive challenges faced at night were recurrent enough to amplify existing psychological variation in our species. Night-time is dangerous and mysterious, so it selects for individuals with higher tendencies for paranoia, risk-taking, and sociability (because of security in numbers). Read More

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Pentraxin-3 detected in human saliva shows limited correlation with biomarkers associated with systemic inflammation.

APMIS 2021 Jun 7;129(6):304-313. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of Inflammation and Infection, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Pentraxin-3 (PTX3) is a conserved protein of the innate immune system which has been less studied than the pentraxin C-reactive protein (CRP), but it is of relevance in, for example, vascular pathology and pregnancy morbidities. Since the interest in salivary biomarkers in general is increasing, we asked whether PTX3 could be detected in saliva and if any substantial diurnal variation occurs. In addition, we evaluated association with biomarkers of systemic inflammation (interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and IL-8 and CRP), body mass index (BMI), smoking, and age. Read More

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Combating COVID-19: The role of drug repurposing and medicinal plants.

J Infect Public Health 2021 Apr 27;14(4):495-503. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

College of Pharmacy, National University of Science and Technology, PO Box 620, PC 130, Muscat, Oman.

Background: A novel corona virus-2 disease has spread to 213 countries and territories across the globe. The corona pandemic has claimed more than 548,934 deaths worldwide till the evening of 8th of July 2020 and the number of confirmed cases is increasing at an alarming rate. Therefore, there is an urgent need to find a treatment or a vaccine for COVID-19 at the earliest. Read More

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Ridership exceedance exposure risk: Novel indicators to assess PM health exposure of bike sharing riders.

Environ Res 2021 06 14;197:111020. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

School of Geographical Sciences and Remote Sensing, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, 510006, China; Department of Urban Planning and Design, The University of Hong Kong, China.

Identifying the fine particulate matter (PM) exposure risk for bicycle riders is crucial for promoting the development of theory and technology in transportation-related air pollution assessment as well as urban health planning. Previous studies have employed daily mean PM concentrations and designed routes to evaluate air pollution exposure risk. However, because the daily mean PM concentrations cannot fully illustrate the intra-day variations in PM, which are typically higher than daily mean values, the adverse effects of PM concentrations remain underestimated. Read More

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Increased Screen Use on Days With Increased Perceived COVID-19-Related Confinements-A Day Level Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.

Front Public Health 2020 2;8:623205. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Paris-Lodron-University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.

Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) quickly evolved into a global pandemic in early 2020, and most countries enforced social confinements to reduce transmission. This seems to dovetail with increasing, potentially problematic, screen use habits, such as gaming and "binge-watching." Yet, the subjective experience of the common confinements may vary not only between individuals depending on age, sex, and living conditions (i. Read More

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Integrating random forests and propagation models for high-resolution noise mapping.

Environ Res 2021 04 22;195:110905. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Canadian Urban Environmental Health Research Consortium, Canada; Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, School of Public Health, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada; Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec (INSPQ), Montréal, QC, Canada; Centre de Recherche en Santé Publique de l'Université de Montréal (CReSP), Montréal, QC, Canada. Electronic address:

The adverse effects of long-term exposure to environmental noise on human health are of increasing concern. Noise mapping methods such as spatial interpolation and land use regression cannot capture complex relationships between environmental conditions and noise propagation or attenuation in a three-dimension (3D) built environment. In this study, we developed a hybrid approach by combining a traffic propagation model and random forests (RF) machine learning algorithm to map the total environment noise levels for daily average, daytime, nighttime, and day-evening-nighttime at 30 m × 30 m resolution for the island of Montreal, Canada. Read More

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Effects of six weeks of chronic sleep restriction with weekend recovery on cognitive performance and wellbeing in high-performing adults.

Sleep 2021 Feb 25. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Unit for Experimental Psychiatry, Division of Sleep and Chronobiology, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine.

Chronic sleep loss is associated with escalating declines in vigilant attention across days of sleep restriction. However, studies exceeding two weeks of chronic sleep loss are scarce, and the cognitive performance outcomes assessed are limited. We assessed the effects of six weeks of chronic sleep restriction on a range of cognitive domains in 15 high-performing individuals (38. Read More

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February 2021

Phase 2 Randomized Clinical Study of Netarsudil Ophthalmic Solution in Japanese Patients with Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma or Ocular Hypertension.

Adv Ther 2021 04 24;38(4):1757-1775. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Aerie Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Irvine, CA, USA.

Introduction: Netarsudil reduces intraocular pressure (IOP) by increasing aqueous outflow through the trabecular meshwork (TM) pathway and decreasing episcleral venous pressure. The primary objective of this phase 2 study was to evaluate ocular hypotensive efficacy and safety of three netarsudil concentrations (0.01%, 0. Read More

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Improved Strength and Recovery After Velocity-Based Training: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Int J Sports Physiol Perform 2021 Feb 4:1-9. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Purpose: The present intervention study examined the effects of intensity-matched velocity-based strength training with a 10% velocity loss (VL10) versus traditional 1-repetition maximum (1RM) based resistance training to failure (TRF) on 1RM and maximal oxygen uptake (V˙O2max) in a concurrent training setting.

Methods: Using the minimization method, 21 highly trained rowers (4 females and 17 males; 19.6 [2. Read More

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February 2021

The relationship between chronotype and sleep behavior during rotating shift work: a field study.

Sleep 2021 04;44(4)

Centre for Study and Treatment of Circadian Rhythms, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Shift work, an essential part of our 24/7 society, inevitably leads to displacement of the habitual sleep period and thereby to misalignment of the internal circadian timing system with the rest-activity cycle and the environment. How interindividual differences in circadian organization affect sleep duration and timing during rotating shift work is not fully understood. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of chronotype, shift type, and their interaction on actigraphy-based sleep behavior in 74 police officers (20 women and 54 men; age [mean ± SD]: 32. Read More

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One size does not fit all: Assuming the same normal body temperature for everyone is not justified.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(2):e0245257. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Despite the increasing personalization of medicine, surprisingly ~37.0°C (98.6°F) continues as the estimate of normal temperature. Read More

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February 2021