263 results match your criteria evaluation stemness


The Mechanism and Clinical Significance of Circular RNAs in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Front Oncol 2021 2;11:714665. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most prevalent malignant tumors worldwide. In view of the lack of early obvious clinical symptoms and related early diagnostic biomarkers with high specificity and sensitivity, most HCC patients are already at the advanced stages at the time of diagnosis, and most of them are accompanied by distant metastasis. Furthermore, the unsatisfactory effect of the follow-up palliative care contributes to the poor overall survival of HCC patients. Read More

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September 2021

[Molecular markers and mechanisms for stemness maintenance of liver cancer stem cells: a review].

Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao 2021 Aug;37(8):2719-2736

College of Life Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China.

Primary liver cancer (PLC) is an aggressive tumor and prone to metastasize and recur. According to pathological features, PLC are mainly categorized into hepatocellular carcinoma, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, mixed hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma, and fibrolamelic hepatocellular carcinoma, etc. At present, surgical resection, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are still the main treatments for PLC, but the specificities are poor and the clinical effects are limited with a 5-year overall survival rate of 18%. Read More

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Targeting CD166 lung cancer stem cells: Molecular study using murine dendritic cell vaccine.

Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2021 Oct 23;429:115699. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt.

Purpose: Cancer stem cells (CSC) are the most common causes of lung cancer relapse and mouse resistance to chemotherapy. CD166 was identified as CSC marker for lung cancer. Our study aimed to detect the effect of dendritic cell vaccine loaded with tumor cell lysate (TCL-DCV) on percentage of CD166 CSC in lung of mice exposed to Benzo(a)Pyrene (BP). Read More

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October 2021

The unfolded protein response as regulator of cancer stemness and differentiation: Mechanisms and implications for cancer therapy.

Biochem Pharmacol 2021 Aug 16;192:114737. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Department of Medical Oncology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, 9713 GZ Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

The unfolded protein response (UPR) is an adaptive mechanism that regulates protein and cellular homeostasis. Three endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane localized stress sensors, IRE1, PERK and ATF6, coordinate the UPR in order to maintain ER proteostasis and cell survival, or induce cell death when homeostasis cannot be restored. However, recent studies have identified alternative functions for the UPR in developmental biology processes and cell fate decisions under both normal and cancerous conditions. Read More

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Evaluation of Oncogene NUP37 as a Potential Novel Biomarker in Breast Cancer.

Authors:
Kangdi Li Ting Liu

Front Oncol 2021 27;11:669655. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

The Central Hospital of Wuhan, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Purpose: There is an urgent need to identify oncogenes that may be beneficial to diagnose and develop target therapy for breast cancer.

Methods: Based on the GEO database, DECenter was used to screen the differentially overexpressed genes in breast cancer samples. Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes and Cytoscape were performed to construct the PPI network to predict the hub gene. Read More

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Amphiregulin promotes hair regeneration of skin-derived precursors via the PI3K and MAPK pathways.

Cell Prolif 2021 Sep 12;54(9):e13106. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences (Shenzhen), Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Objectives: There are significant clinical challenges associated with alopecia treatment, including poor efficiency of related drugs and insufficient hair follicles (HFs) for transplantation. Skin-derived precursors (SKPs) exhibit great potential as stem cell-based therapies for hair regeneration; however, the proliferation and hair-inducing capacity of SKPs gradually decrease during culturing.

Materials And Methods: We describe a 3D co-culture system accompanied by kyoto encyclopaedia of genes and genomes and gene ontology enrichment analyses to determine the key factors and pathways that enhance SKP stemness and verified using alkaline phosphatase assays, Ki-67 staining, HF reconstitution, Western blot and immunofluorescence staining. Read More

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September 2021

Reporter gene systems for the identification and characterization of cancer stem cells.

World J Stem Cells 2021 Jul;13(7):861-876

Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City 04510, Mexico.

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are tumor cells that share functional characteristics with normal and embryonic stem cells. CSCs have increased tumor-initiating capacity and metastatic potential and lower sensitivity to chemo- and radiotherapy, with important roles in tumor progression and the response to therapy. Thus, a current goal of cancer research is to eliminate CSCs, necessitating an adequate phenotypic and functional characterization of CSCs. Read More

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An Study of the Effects of Crocin on the Modulation of , , , and Expression in Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells.

Cell Reprogram 2021 Aug 4;23(4):239-249. Epub 2021 Aug 4.

Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have been recommended as promising candidate for cell-based therapeutic applications due to high potentials in tissue repair/regeneration and modulation of immune responses. The gene expression change strategy by natural plant enhancers is an available opportunity to improve the stemness properties of these cells. The objective of this research was the evaluation of Crocin effects (saffron plant's bioactive compound) on immunoregulation and tissue regeneration-related biomarkers expression in human DPSCs. Read More

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Systemic depletion of histone macroH2A1.1 boosts hippocampal synaptic plasticity and social behavior in mice.

FASEB J 2021 08;35(8):e21793

International Clinical Research Center, St Anne's University Hospital, Brno, Czech Republic.

Gene expression and epigenetic processes in several brain regions regulate physiological processes such as cognitive functions and social behavior. MacroH2A1.1 is a ubiquitous variant of histone H2A that regulates cell stemness and differentiation in various organs. Read More

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Precision Medicine Gains Momentum: Novel 3D Models and Stem Cell-Based Approaches in Head and Neck Cancer.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 8;9:666515. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.

Despite the current progress in the development of new concepts of precision medicine for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), in particular targeted therapies and immune checkpoint inhibition (CPI), overall survival rates have not improved during the last decades. This is, on the one hand, caused by the fact that a significant number of patients presents with late stage disease at the time of diagnosis, on the other hand HNSCC frequently develop therapeutic resistance. Distinct intratumoral and intertumoral heterogeneity is one of the strongest features in HNSCC and has hindered both the identification of specific biomarkers and the establishment of targeted therapies for this disease so far. Read More

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Tumor-Associated Macrophages in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Therapeutic Opportunities and Clinical Challenges.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Jun 8;13(12). Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Olivia Newton-John Cancer Research Institute and La Trobe University School of Cancer Medicine, Heidelberg, VIC 3084, Australia.

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive malignant disease with a 5-year survival rate of less than 10%. Macrophages are one of the earliest infiltrating cells in the pancreatic tumor microenvironment, and are associated with an increased risk of disease progression, recurrence, metastasis, and shorter overall survival. Pre-clinical studies have demonstrated an unequivocal role of macrophages in PDAC by contributing to chronic inflammation, cancer cell stemness, desmoplasia, immune suppression, angiogenesis, invasion, metastasis, and drug resistance. Read More

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Alternative splicing associated with cancer stemness in kidney renal clear cell carcinoma.

BMC Cancer 2021 Jun 15;21(1):703. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Center for Bioinformatics, School of Life Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150000, China.

Backgroud: Cancer stemness is associated with metastases in kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) and negatively correlates with immune infiltrates. Recent stemness evaluation methods based on the absolute expression have been proposed to reveal the relationship between stemness and cancer. However, we found that existing methods do not perform well in assessing the stemness of KIRC patients, and they overlooked the impact of alternative splicing. Read More

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Pan-cancer Network Disorders Revealed by Overall and Local Signaling Entropy.

J Mol Cell Biol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

CAS Key Laboratory of Systems Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China.

Tumor development is a process involving loss of the differentiation phenotype and acquisition of stem-like characteristics, which is driven by intracellular rewiring of signaling network. The measurement of network reprogramming and disorder would be challenging due to the complexity and heterogeneity of tumors. Here, we proposed signaling entropy to assess the degree of tumor network disorder. Read More

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Cyclooctatetraene-conjugated cyanine mitochondrial probes minimize phototoxicity in fluorescence and nanoscopic imaging.

Chem Sci 2020 Jul 27;11(32):8506-8516. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Institute of Molecular Medicine, Beijing Key Laboratory of Cardiometabolic Molecular Medicine, Peking University Beijing China

Modern fluorescence-imaging methods promise to unveil organelle dynamics in live cells. Phototoxicity, however, has become a prevailing issue when boosted illumination applies. Mitochondria are representative organelles whose research heavily relies on optical imaging, yet these membranous hubs of bioenergy are exceptionally vulnerable to photodamage. Read More

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Lysine demethylase LSD1 delivered via small extracellular vesicles promotes gastric cancer cell stemness.

EMBO Rep 2021 Aug 31;22(8):e50922. Epub 2021 May 31.

State Key Laboratory of Esophageal Cancer Prevention & Treatment, Key Laboratory of Advanced Drug Preparation Technologies, Ministry of Education of China, Collaborative Innovation Center of New Drug Research and Safety Evaluation, Henan Province, Key Laboratory of Henan Province for Drug Quality and Evaluation, Institute of Drug Discovery and Development, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Academy of Medical Science, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Several studies have examined the functions of nucleic acids in small extracellular vesicles (sEVs). However, much less is known about the protein cargos of sEVs and their functions in recipient cells. This study demonstrates the presence of lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1), which is the first identified histone demethylase, in the culture medium of gastric cancer cells. Read More

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Bystander effects induced by electron beam-irradiated MCF-7 cells: a potential mechanism of therapy resistance.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2021 Jun 27;187(3):657-671. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Medical Physics and Imaging, Solid Tumor Research Center, Cellular and Molecular Medicine Institute, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

Purpose: The distinct direct and non-targeting effects of electron beam radiation on MCF-7 cells remain obscure. We aimed to investigate the effect of electron beam irradiation (EBI) and conditioned media (CM) of the irradiated MCF-7 cells on MCF-7 cells. The cytotoxic effects of CM from irradiated MCF-7 cells on the mesenchymal stem cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were also examined. Read More

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2-Methoxyestradiol synergizes with Erlotinib to suppress hepatocellular carcinoma by disrupting the PLAGL2-EGFR-HIF-1/2α signaling loop.

Pharmacol Res 2021 Jul 20;169:105685. Epub 2021 May 20.

Center for New Drug Safety Evaluation and Research, State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 211198, China. Electronic address:

Erlotinib, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor has been introduced into cancer chemotherapy. However, the therapeutic effects of erlotinib in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain vaguely understood. Our previous study found that a hypoxia-mediated PLAGL2-EGFR-HIF-1/2α signaling loop in HCC decreased response to erlotinib. Read More

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Comparative evaluation of osteogenic differentiation potential of stem cells derived from dental pulp and exfoliated deciduous teeth cultured over granular hydroxyapatite based scaffold.

BMC Oral Health 2021 05 15;21(1):263. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Family Oral Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Mesenchymal stem cells isolated from the dental pulp of primary and permanent teeth can be differentiated into different cell types including osteoblasts. This study was conducted to compare the morphology and osteogenic potential of stem cells from exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) and dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) in granular hydroxyapatite scaffold (gHA). Preosteoblast cells (MC3T3-E1) were used as a control group. Read More

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Reconstruction and Analysis of the Immune-Related LINC00987/A2M Axis in Lung Adenocarcinoma.

Front Mol Biosci 2021 27;8:644557. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

Enhancer RNAs (eRNAs) participate in tumor growth and immune regulation through complex signaling pathways. However, the immune-related function of the eRNA-mRNA axis in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is unclear. Data on the expression of eRNAs and mRNAs were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas, GEO, and UCSC Xena, including LUAD, and pan-cancer clinical data and mutational information. Read More

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[Construction of an adriamycin-glycyrrhizin molecular complex and assessment of its antitumor activity].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2021 Apr;41(4):613-620

Department of Pharmacy, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.

Objective: To prepare an adriamycin-glycyrrhizin molecular complex (ADR-GL complex) using glycyrrhizin (GL, a component in traditional Chinese drug) as the carrier and assess the solubility and anti-tumor activity of the complex.

Objective: Dried solid products of ADR-GL complex with different molar ratios of ADR and GL (2∶1, 1∶1, and 1∶2) were prepared by rotary steaming and characterized using FT-IR and DSC. The products were dissolved in pH7. Read More

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Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel isoxazole-piperazine hybrids as potential anti-cancer agents with inhibitory effect on liver cancer stem cells.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 Oct 24;221:113489. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:

In our effort for the development of novel anticancer therapeutics, a series of isoxazole-piperazine analogues were prepared, and primarily screened for their antiproliferative potential against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC; Huh7/Mahlavu) and breast (MCF-7) cancer cells. All compounds demonstrated potent to moderate cytotoxicity on all cell lines with IC values in the range of 0.09-11. Read More

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October 2021

Repeated Irradiation with γ-Ray Induces Cancer Stemness through TGF-β-DLX2 Signaling in the A549 Human Lung Cancer Cell Line.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 20;22(8). Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Environmental Safety Evaluation Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon 34057, Korea.

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play an important role in cancer recurrence and metastasis. It is suggested that the CSC properties in heterogeneous cancer cells can be induced by ionizing radiation (IR). This study investigated the role of DLX2 in the radioresistance and CSC properties induced by IR in NSCLC cancer cells. Read More

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A Drug Screening Pipeline Using 2D and 3D Patient-Derived In Vitro Models for Pre-Clinical Analysis of Therapy Response in Glioblastoma.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 21;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Centre for Cancer Biology, SA Pathology and the University of South of Australia, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia.

Glioblastoma is one of the most common and lethal types of primary brain tumor. Despite aggressive treatment with chemotherapy and radiotherapy, tumor recurrence within 6-9 months is common. To overcome this, more effective therapies targeting cancer cell stemness, invasion, metabolism, cell death resistance and the interactions of tumor cells with their surrounding microenvironment are required. Read More

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Oncogenic mechanism-based pharmaceutical validation of therapeutics targeting MET receptor tyrosine kinase.

Ther Adv Med Oncol 2021 3;13:17588359211006957. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, First Affiliated hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

Aberrant expression and/or activation of the MET receptor tyrosine kinase is characterized by genomic recombination, gene amplification, activating mutation, alternative exon-splicing, increased transcription, and their different combinations. These dysregulations serve as oncogenic determinants contributing to cancerous initiation, progression, malignancy, and stemness. Moreover, integration of the MET pathway into the cellular signaling network as an addiction mechanism for survival has made this receptor an attractive pharmaceutical target for oncological intervention. Read More

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Pluronic Micelle-Mediated Tissue Factor Silencing Enhances Hemocompatibility, Stemness, Differentiation Potential, and Paracrine Signaling of Mesenchymal Stem Cells.

Biomacromolecules 2021 05 5;22(5):1980-1989. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Bioengineering and Nanomedicine Group, Faculty of Medicine and Health Technologies, Tampere University, Tampere 33720, Finland.

Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) evoke great excitement for treating different human diseases due to their ability to home inflamed tissues, suppress inflammation, and promote tissue regeneration. Despite great promises, clinical trial results are disappointing as allotransplantation of MSCs trigger thrombotic activity and are damaged by the complement system, compromising their survival and function. To overcome this, a new strategy is presented by the silencing of tissue factor (TF), a transmembrane protein that mediates procoagulant activity. Read More

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Modulation of the Dental Pulp Stem Cell Secretory Profile by Hypoxia Induction Using Cobalt Chloride.

J Pers Med 2021 Mar 30;11(4). Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, Division of Oral Pathology, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia.

The action of stem cells is mediated by their paracrine secretions which comprise the secretory profile. Various approaches can be used to modify the secretory profile of stem cells. Creating a hypoxic environment is one method. Read More

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Identification of Stemness Characteristics Associated With the Immune Microenvironment and Prognosis in Gastric Cancer.

Front Oncol 2021 3;11:626961. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Digestive Diseases Center, The Seventh Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Shenzhen, China.

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is a highly heterogeneous disease. In recent years, the prognostic value of the mRNA expression-based stemness index (mRNAsi) across cancers has been reported. We intended to identify stemness index-associated genes (SI-genes) for clinical characteristic, gene mutation status, immune response, and tumor microenvironment evaluation as well as risk stratification and survival prediction. Read More

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Process development and safety evaluation of ABCB5 limbal stem cells as advanced-therapy medicinal product to treat limbal stem cell deficiency.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2021 03 19;12(1):194. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

TICEBA GmbH, Im Neuenheimer Feld 517, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: While therapeutic success of the limbal tissue or cell transplantation to treat severe cases of limbal stem cell (LSC) deficiency (LSCD) strongly depends on the percentage of LSCs within the transplanted cells, prospective LSC enrichment has been hampered by the intranuclear localization of the previously reported LSC marker p63. The recent identification of the ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCB5 as a plasma membrane-spanning marker of LSCs that are capable of restoring the cornea and the development of an antibody directed against an extracellular loop of the ABCB5 molecule stimulated us to develop a novel treatment strategy based on the utilization of in vitro expanded allogeneic ABCB5 LSCs derived from human cadaveric limbal tissue.

Methods: We developed and validated a Good Manufacturing Practice- and European Pharmacopeia-conform production and quality-control process, by which ABCB5 LSCs are derived from human corneal rims, expanded ex vivo, isolated as homogenous cell population, and manufactured as an advanced-therapy medicinal product (ATMP). Read More

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Characterisation of stemness and multipotency of ovine muscle-derived stem cells from various muscle sources.

J Anat 2021 08 27;239(2):336-350. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Institute of Veterinary Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany.

Muscle stem cells (MSCs) are a promising tool for cell-based therapy and tissue regeneration in veterinary medicine. Evaluation of MSCs from muscles of different origins improves our understanding of their regenerative potential. The present study compared the stemness, cell proliferation, migration potential, myogenic differentiation (MD), and multipotency of MSCs for four developmentally different muscles of ovine origin. Read More

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Polyvinyl alcohol scaffolds and supplementation support 3D and sphere culturing of human cancer cell lines by reducing apoptosis and promoting cellular proliferation.

Genes Cells 2021 May 23;26(5):336-343. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Experimental Pathology, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

Three-dimensional (3D) culturing mimics the heterogeneous cellular conditions of the in vivo tumor microenvironment compared to 2D monolayer-cultured cells and 3D cultures of established cancer cell lines (sphere culture) or patient-derived cancer cells (organoid culture) are frequently used for cancer research or drug screening and evaluation. To establish more cost and time-efficient 3D culture methods for cancer cell lines, we supplemented sphere culture medium with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and found that 3D sphere cultures of breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines were significantly increased. Mechanistically, we found that PVA prevented cell death and promoted cellular proliferation while maintaining levels of stemness-related gene expression. Read More

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