1,589 results match your criteria evaluating diffuse


A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 study of lenabasum in diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis: RESOLVE-1 design and rationale.

Clin Exp Rheumatol 2021 Jul-Aug;39 Suppl 131(4):124-133. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

UCL Centre for Rheumatology and Connective Tissue Diseases, Royal Free Campus, University College London, UK.

Objectives: The multi-systemic, heterogenous nature of diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) presents challenges in designing clinical studies that can demonstrate a treatment effect on overall disease burden. We describe the design of the first Phase 3 study in dcSSc patients where the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Combined Response Index in diffuse cutaneous Systemic Sclerosis (CRISS) score was chosen prospectively as the primary outcome. The CRISS measures key clinical disease parameters and patient-reported outcomes (PROs). Read More

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Considerations for a combined index for limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis to support drug development and improve outcomes.

J Scleroderma Relat Disord 2021 Feb 5;6(1):66-76. Epub 2020 Oct 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Scleroderma Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Systemic sclerosis (SSc; systemic scleroderma) is characterized by a heterogeneous range of clinical manifestations. SSc is classified into limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) and diffuse cutaneous subgroups (dcSSc) based on the extent of skin involvement. Randomized controlled trials in scleroderma have mainly focused on dcSSc partly because the measurement of skin involvement, critical for evaluating a therapeutic intervention is more dynamic in this subset. Read More

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February 2021

A Novel Insight into Endothelial and Cardiac Cells Phenotype in Systemic Sclerosis Using Patient-Derived Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell.

Cell J 2021 Aug 17;23(3):273-287. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Stem Cells and Developmental Biology, Cell Science Research Center, Royan Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Technology, ACECR, Tehran, Iran. Email:

Objective: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease associated with vascular damage and multi organ fibrotic changes with unknown pathogenesis. Most SSc patients suffer from defective angiogenesis/vasculogenesis and cardiac conditions leading to high mortality rates. We aimed to investigate the cardiovascular phenotype of SSc by cardiogenic differentiation of SSc induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC). Read More

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Comparison of best supportive care, CHOP, or R-CHOP for treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in Malawi: a cost-effectiveness analysis.

Lancet Glob Health 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Center for Global Health, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA.

Background: Cost-effectiveness data for cancer treatment are needed from sub-Saharan Africa, where diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a common, curable cancer. In high-income countries, the standard of care for DLBCL is R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) chemoimmunotherapy. Rituximab is often not available in sub-Saharan Africa due to perceived unaffordability, and treatment with CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) is common. Read More

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Five-Year Incidence, Management, and Visual Outcomes of Diffuse Lamellar Keratitis after Femtosecond-Assisted LASIK.

J Clin Med 2021 Jul 11;10(14). Epub 2021 Jul 11.

Hoopes Vision, HDR Research Center, 11820 S. State Street Suite #200, Draper, UT 84020, USA.

Femtosecond (FS) lasers initially had a higher incidence of diffuse lamellar keratitis (DLK) compared with microkeratome flap creation. It has been theorized that higher-frequency lower-energy (HFLE) FS lasers would reduce the incidence of DLK. Our study sought to evaluate the incidence of newer HFLE FS lasers with pulse frequencies above 60 kHz. Read More

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Finite Element Analysis of the Microwave Ablation Method for Enhanced Lung Cancer Treatment.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Jul 13;13(14). Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, Pregrevica 118, 11080 Belgrade, Serbia.

Knowledge of the frequency dependence of the dielectric properties of the lung tissues and temperature profiles are essential characteristics associated with the effective performance of microwave ablation. In microwave ablation, the electromagnetic wave propagates into the biological tissue, resulting in energy absorption and providing the destruction of cancer cells without damaging the healthy tissue. As a consequence of the respiratory movement of the lungs, however, the accurate prediction of the microwave ablation zone has become an exceptionally demanding task. Read More

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Deep Learning Analysis in Prediction of COVID-19 Infection Status Using Chest CT Scan Features.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1327:139-147

Biotechnology Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background and aims Non-contrast chest computed tomography (CT) scanning is one of the important tools for evaluating of lung lesions. The aim of this study was to use a deep learning approach for predicting the outcome of patients with COVID-19 into two groups of critical and non-critical according to their CT features. Methods This was carried out as a retrospective study from March to April 2020 in Baqiyatallah Hospital, Tehran, Iran. Read More

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Cocaine-induced pulmonary complications: A diagnosis of waiting and watching.

Lung India 2021 Jul-Aug;38(4):362-364

Department of Radiology, Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, Augusta, GA, USA.

Pulmonary complications of cocaine among users are common. Manifestations include lung congestion, intra-alveolar edema, and diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH). Direct cellular toxicity, eosinophilia, barotrauma, and vasoactive effects of cocaine are believed to induce DAH. Read More

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A novel method for objectively, rapidly and accurately evaluating burn depth via near infrared spectroscopy.

Burns Trauma 2021 9;9:tkab014. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Institute Translational Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University, Shenzhen Second People's Hospital, Shenzhen 518035, China.

The accurate and objective evaluation of burn depth is a significant challenge in burn wound care. Herein, we used near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) technology to measure the different depth of thermal burns in porcine models. Based on the intensity of the spectral signals and the diffuse reflection theory, we extracted the optical parameters involved in functional (total hemoglobin and water content) and structural (tissue scattered size and scattered particles) features that reflect the changes in burn depth. Read More

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Locoregional infusion of HER2-specific CAR T cells in children and young adults with recurrent or refractory CNS tumors: an interim analysis.

Nat Med 2021 Jul 12. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Locoregional delivery of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells has resulted in objective responses in adults with glioblastoma, but the feasibility and tolerability of this approach is yet to be evaluated for pediatric central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Here we show that engineering of a medium-length CAR spacer enhances the therapeutic efficacy of human erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2 (HER2)-specific CAR T cells in an orthotopic xenograft medulloblastoma model. We translated these findings into BrainChild-01 ( NCT03500991 ), an ongoing phase 1 clinical trial at Seattle Children's evaluating repetitive locoregional dosing of these HER2-specific CAR T cells to children and young adults with recurrent/refractory CNS tumors, including diffuse midline glioma. Read More

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Bloodstream Infection Associated with an Urticarial Exanthem.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2021 10;2021:9932170. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Section of Infectious Diseases, Medical Service, Oklahoma City VA Health Care System, 921 NE 13th Street, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA.

. Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a fastidious, slow-growing, Gram-negative rod that is a commensal bacterium in normal gingival flora of canine and feline species. Infection with the organism may cause disease ranging from flu-like symptoms to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), fulminant sepsis, meningitis, and endocarditis with an overall fatality rate of 6-26%. Read More

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Flow Cytometry-Assessed PD1/PDL1 Status in Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes: A Link With the Prognosis of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma.

Front Oncol 2021 15;11:687911. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Pathology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

The PD1/PDL1 status of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) reflects immune function. However, the previously reported methods for evaluating this status are complex and may not be widely used in clinical practice. In addition, these studies did not introduce healthy controls to designate the cut-off when evaluating the prognostic value of the status. Read More

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Epidemiology and treatment of peripheral neuropathy in systemic sclerosis.

J Rheumatol 2021 Jul 1. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Toronto Scleroderma Program, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto Western Hospital, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; College of Medicine, Majmaah University, Saudi Arabia; Toronto Scleroderma Program, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto Western Hospital, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Medical Library, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Toronto Scleroderma Program, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto Western Hospital, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Corresponding Author. Sindhu Johnson MD PhD, Division of Rheumatology, Ground Floor, East Wing, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5T 2S8. Email:

Objective: The epidemiology and treatment of peripheral neuropathy in systemic sclerosis (SSc) is poorly understood. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the incidence, prevalence, risk factors, and treatments of peripheral neuropathy in SSc.

Methods: A systematic review of Medline, Embase and CINAHL databases for literature reporting peripheral neuropathy in SSc was performed. Read More

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Assessment of Myocardial Dysfunction by Three-Dimensional Echocardiography Combined With Myocardial Contrast Echocardiography in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 7;8:677990. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Medical Ultrasonics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

We aimed to explore the value of combining real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT-3DE) and myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in the left ventricle (LV) evaluating myocardial dysfunction in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. A total of 58 T2DM patients and 32 healthy individuals were selected for this study. T2DM patients were further divided into T2DM without microvascular complications ( = 29) and T2DM with microvascular complications ( = 29) subgroups. Read More

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Social Network Research contribution to evaluating process in a feasibility study of a peer-led and school-based sexual health intervention.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 10;11(1):12244. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

There is growing interest in social network-based programmes to improve health, but rigorous methods using Social Network research to evaluate the process of these interventions is less well developed. Using data from the "STis And Sexual Health" (STASH) feasibility trial of a school-based, peer-led intervention on sexual health prevention, we illustrate how network data analysis results can address key components of process evaluations for complex interventions-implementation, mechanisms of impacts, and context. STASH trained students as Peer Supporters (PS) to diffuse sexual health messages though face-to-face interactions and online Facebook (FB) groups. Read More

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Hysteroscopic detection of chronic endometritis: Evaluating proposed hysteroscopic features suggestive of chronic endometritis.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2021 Jun 7;50(9):102182. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital of Ioannina, Greece.

Purpose: To evaluate the proposed criteria in a large sample and in additional subgroups in order to test the validity of the hysteroscopic features widely-accepted as suggestive of CE.

Method(s): All patients (n: 2675) underwent outpatient hysteroscopy, with the vaginoscopic approach technique. Hysteroscopic features such as, stromal oedema, diffuse or focal hyperaemia, "strawberry aspect", micropolyposis and endometrial polyps, are often indicate the presence of chronic endometritis. Read More

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Altered vascular permeability but not angiogenesis may play a role in the epileptogenesis of human hippocampal sclerosis.

Epileptic Disord 2021 Jun;23(3):490-499

Department of Neurology, NIMHANS, Bangalore, India.

Objective: We investigated the role of angiogenesis and vascular permeability in the pathogenesis of human drug-resistant epilepsy due to hippocampal sclerosis.

Methods: Resected hippocampi from 30 histologically confirmed cases of hippocampal sclerosis and 30 age-matched post-mortem controls were examined by immunohistochemical quantitation of vascular endothelial markers, CD31 and CD105 (markers of newly formed vessels), and data were analysed relative to MR volumetry. The blood-brain barrier was evaluated based on immunohistochemistry for IgG, albumin, VEGF and AQP4. Read More

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Surgical treatment of a distal oesophageal stricture by mucosal radial incision and dilation in a kitten with secondary megaoesophagus.

JFMS Open Rep 2021 Jan-Jun;7(1):2055116921994516. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Internal Medicine Department, National Veterinary School of Alfort, Maisons-Alfort, France.

Case Summary: A 7-month-old intact female Maine Coon cat was presented with a 2-month history of regurgitations. Contrast radiographic and endoscopic examinations revealed a diffuse megaoesophagus secondary to a severe lower oesophageal stricture. An epiphrenic diverticulum was noted. Read More

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Degree of foot process effacement in patients with genetic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis: a single-center analysis and review of the literature.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 8;11(1):12008. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, School of Medicine, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8666, Japan.

Determining the cause of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) has crucial implications for evaluating the risk of posttransplant recurrence. The degree of foot process effacement (FPE) on electron micrographs (EM) of native kidney biopsies can reportedly differentiate primary FSGS from secondary FSGS. However, no systematic evaluation of FPE in genetic FSGS has been performed. Read More

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[Molecular Diagnostic Approaches for Diffuse Gliomas Based on Updated WHO Classification and cIMPACT-NOW Proposals].

No Shinkei Geka 2021 May;49(3):510-519

Division of Pathological Neuroscience, Department of Pathology, Tokyo Women's Medical University School of Medicine.

The updated 2016 World Health Organization(WHO)classification of tumors of the central nervous system(CNS)has incorporated molecular parameters into the histopathological diagnosis of the tumor in the name of "integrated diagnosis." It has enabled more prognostically precise diagnoses of brain tumor entities; however, its practical application has also raised concerns about whether genotypes predominate over phenotypes in tumor diagnostics. In response, cIMAPCT-NOW(the Consortium to Inform Molecular and Practical Approaches to CNS Tumor Taxonomy-"Not Official WHO")was established to provide a forum for evaluating and recommending proposed changes to future CNS tumor classifications. Read More

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Infused Autograft Absolute Lymphocyte Count Predicts Superior Survival in Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma Patients Post-Autologous Peripheral Blood Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: A Matched Case-Control Study.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Medical Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Our group published a double phase III trial showing that patients infused with an autograft absolute lymphocyte count (A-ALC) ≥0.5 × 10 cells/kg experienced superior survival post-autologous peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (APBHSCT). Based on the results from our phase III study, as well as published retrospective studies, on April 1, 2017, our Bone Marrow Transplant Program changed our standard practice to collect an A-ALC ≥0. Read More

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PRAME immunohistochemistry is useful in the evaluation of conjunctival melanomas, nevi, and primary acquired melanosis.

J Cutan Pathol 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Surgery, Section of Ophthalmology, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA.

Background: Many dermatopathologists find conjunctival melanocytic proliferations challenging because they are rare relative to their cutaneous counterparts and have nuanced morphology and nomenclature. PRAME immunohistochemistry has been widely adopted for distinguishing cutaneous nevi from melanoma, but limited data exist assessing its utility in evaluating conjunctival specimens. In particular, it is uncertain whether it can predict the risk of melanoma progression in primary acquired melanosis (PAM). Read More

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Brain-Responsive Neurostimulation for the treatment of adults with epilepsy in tuberous sclerosis complex: A case series.

Epilepsia Open 2021 Jun 13;6(2):419-424. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Objective: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder primarily characterized by the development of multisystem benign tumors. Epilepsy is the most common neurologic manifestation, affecting 80%-90% of TSC patients. The diffuse structural brain abnormalities and the multifocal nature of epilepsy in TSC pose diagnostic challenges when evaluating patients for epilepsy surgery. Read More

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Imaging in gynecomastia.

Andrology 2021 May 25. Epub 2021 May 25.

Unit of Reproductive Endocrinology, First Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Background: Gynecomastia (GM) is the benign proliferation of glandular tissue in the male breast. It is a common condition, which may occur physiologically and shows three age peaks during a male's lifespan: infancy, puberty, and senescence. An underlying pathology may be revealed in 45%-50% of adult men with GM, such as aggravating medications, systemic diseases, obesity, endocrinopathies, or malignancy. Read More

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Up-To-Date Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings for the Diagnosis of Hypothalamic and Pituitary Tumors.

Yonago Acta Med 2021 May 16;64(2):155-161. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Brain and Neurosciences, School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago 683-8504, Japan.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the preferred imaging technique for the sellar and parasellar regions. In this review article, we report our clinical experience with MRI for hypothalamic and pituitary lesions, such as pituitary adenomas, craniopharyngiomas, Rathke cleft cysts, germinoma, and hypophysitis with reference to the histopathological findings through a review of the literature. Our previous study indicated that three dimensional-spoiled gradient echo sequence is a more suitable sequence for evaluating sellar lesions on postcontrast T1 weighted image (WI). Read More

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PRAME Immunohistochemistry as an Ancillary Test for the Assessment of Melanocytic Lesions.

Surg Pathol Clin 2021 Jun 28;14(2):165-175. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

PRAME (PReferentially expressed Antigen in MElanoma) is a melanoma-associated antigen expressed in cutaneous and ocular melanomas and some other malignant neoplasms, while its expression in normal tissue and benign tumors is limited. Detection of PRAME protein expression by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 400 melanocytic tumors showed diffuse nuclear immunoreactivity for PRAME in most metastatic and primary melanomas. In contrast, most nevi were negative for PRAME or showed nondiffuse immunoreactivity. Read More

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Imaging of Neurotrauma in Acute and Chronic Settings.

Curr Neuropharmacol 2021 May 16. Epub 2021 May 16.

Department of Neuroradiology, Barrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona. United States.

Traumatic injuries of the brain and spinal cord are a significant source of mortality and long-term disability. A recent systematic study in a rat model of spinal cord injury (SCI) indicates severe, destructive, and very protracted inflammation as the key mechanism initiated by the massive injury involving the white matter. Although the severe inflammation is localized and counteracted by astrogliosis, it has a damaging effect on the blood vessels in the surrounding spinal cord, leading to persistent vasogenic edema. Read More

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Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis complicated with nocardiosis: A case report and review of the literature.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Apr;9(12):2874-2883

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325015, Zhejiang Province, China.

Background: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a pulmonary syndrome wherein large volumes of phospholipid and protein-rich surfactants accumulate within the alveoli. PAP forms include primary (auto-immune PAP), secondary, and congenital. Nocardiosis is a form of suppurative disease induced upon infection with bacteria of the genus. Read More

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Targeting Bruton Tyrosine Kinase With Zanubrutinib for Treatment of Vitreoretinal Lymphoma: Report of 3 Cases.

Front Oncol 2021 23;11:676792. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Vitreoretinal lymphoma (VRL) is a rare intraocular malignancy, and standard treatment approaches have not been defined yet. Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors are found to be effective in the treatment of primary central nervous system diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Herein, we retrospectively reported the efficacy and safety profiles of bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors in three consecutive patients with VRL. Read More

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