1,705 results match your criteria ethiopian population


Genetic diversity and population structure of date palms (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in Ethiopia using microsatellite markers.

J Genet Eng Biotechnol 2021 May 7;19(1):64. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Biosciences, COMSATS University of Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Background: Date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is a perennial monocotyledonous plant belonging to the Arecaceae family, a special plant with extraordinary nature that gives eminent contributions in agricultural sustainability and huge socio-economic value in many countries of the world including Ethiopia. Evaluation of genetic diversity across date palms at DNA level is very important for breeding and conservation. Read More

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Involuntary psychiatric hospitalizations in Israel 2001-2018 and risk for immigrants from different countries.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Apr 22;301:113958. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Ruppin Academic Center, Israel.

Since 2000, the Israeli mental health system has undergone a reduction in hospital beds, initiation of community-based rehabilitation, and transfer of governmental services to health maintenance organizations. This study examined trends, predictors and outcomes of involuntary psychiatric hospitalizations (IPH), in particular for immigrants. All first psychiatric hospitalizations of adults, 2001-2018, in the National Psychiatric Case Registry were used. Read More

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A First Report on Experience in Managing Infants with Congenital Toxoplasmosis in Ethiopia: Case Reports and a Review of Evaluation and Treatment.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2021 15;2021:9934391. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

. Congenital toxoplasmosis is a major sequela of untreated primary maternal infection. With or without symptoms, untreated infections eventually lead to multiple neurologic complications. Read More

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Risk Factors of Anomalous Cord Insertion Among Singleton Births at the University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: An Institution-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Pediatric Health Med Ther 2021 28;12:205-212. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Human Anatomy, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Anomalous cord insertion causes bad pregnancy outcomes. Therefore, knowledge on the prevalence and risk factors of anomalous cord insertion will reinforce the prenatal care by health providers in addressing the adverse outcome caused by this abnormality.

Methods And Materials: An institution-based cross-sectional study design was conducted among 421 singleton births at the University of Gondar comprehensive specialized hospital. Read More

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"We do not know how to screen and provide treatment": a qualitative study of barriers and enablers of implementing perinatal depression health services in Ethiopia.

Int J Ment Health Syst 2021 May 5;15(1):41. Epub 2021 May 5.

College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Health Sciences Building, Sturt Road, Bedford Park, Adelaide, SA, 5042, Australia.

Background: Qualitative studies evaluating maternal mental health services are lacking in Ethiopia, and the available evidence targets severe mental illnesses in the general population. We conducted a qualitative study to explore barriers to, enablers of, or opportunities for perinatal depression health services implementations in Ethiopia.

Methods: We conducted a total of 13 face to face interviews with mental and maternal health service administrators from different levels of the Ethiopian healthcare system. Read More

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Investigate knowledge management technology implementation for supporting decision making in Ethiopian health sectors.

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2021 May 5;21(1):146. Epub 2021 May 5.

School of Information Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Knowledge management technology is a key tool for facilitating and improving the quality of health care delivery in hospitals. However, the use and implementation of this technology is not an easy task. This study aims to investigate a knowledge management technology implementation and use in Ethiopian hospitals, with a particular reference to Jimma University Specialized Hospital. Read More

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The Role of Health Care Quality in Hypertension Self-Management: A Qualitative Study of the Experience of Patients in a Public Hospital, North-West Ethiopia.

Integr Blood Press Control 2021 27;14:55-68. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Purpose: Hypertension is becoming a global epidemic in all population groups. For its effective management and control, patients should have enhanced self-management skills and get adequate support from care providers. Although the quality of health care is critical in enhancing self-management behaviors of patients with hypertension, the issue has not been fully explored in the Ethiopian context. Read More

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Education can modify the long term impact of early childhood famine exposure on adulthood economic achievement: a historical cohort study among the survivors of the great Ethiopian famine 1983-85.

Arch Public Health 2021 May 4;79(1):67. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Background: Previous famine studies reported the inverse link between early life nutritional deprivation and adulthood optimal health outcomes. However, there remain sparse data on the impact of early life famine exposure in later life economic achievement. Hence, we set out to examine the association of early life famine exposure on economic achievement among survivors of the 1983-85 great Ethiopian famine. Read More

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Land-Use Impact on Stand Structure and Fruit Yield of L. in the Drylands of Southeastern Ethiopia.

Life (Basel) 2021 Apr 30;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Sustainable Forest Management Research Institute, University of Valladolid, Avda. Madrid 44, 34071 Palencia, Spain.

In this study, we evaluated stand status, dendrometric variables, and fruit production of Tamarind ( L.) trees growing in bushland and farmland-use types in dryland areas of Ethiopia. The vegetation survey was conducted using the point-centered quarter method. Read More

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Population structure and transmission of in Ethiopia.

Microb Genom 2021 May;7(5)

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is endemic in cattle in Ethiopia, a country that hosts the largest national cattle herd in Africa. The intensive dairy sector, most of which is peri-urban, has the highest prevalence of disease. Previous studies in Ethiopia have demonstrated that the main cause is , which has been investigated using conventional molecular tools including deletion typing, spoligotyping and Mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable number tandem repeat (MIRU-VNTR). Read More

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Risky Alcohol Drinking Pattern and Its Association with Educational Attainment and Wealth Index among Adult Men Population in Ethiopia: Further Analysis of 2016 Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey.

J Addict 2021 14;2021:6646085. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Center for Disease Control Zonal Cordinator, Awi Zonal Health Department, Injibara, Ethiopia.

Risky alcohol drinking is one of the major public health problems and an important health risk factor for premature death and disability worldwide. Identifying the determinants of risky alcohol drinking patterns is crucial for developing and improving intervention on drinking behavior. In Ethiopia, the role of educational attainment and affluence in reducing risky alcohol drinking patterns among men remains unclear. Read More

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Breastfeeding Education and Support to Improve Early Initiation and Exclusive Breastfeeding Practices and Infant Growth: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial from a Rural Ethiopian Setting.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 6;13(4). Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, 0316 Oslo, Norway.

Although peer-led education and support may improve breastfeeding practices, there is a paucity of evidence on the effectiveness of such interventions in the Ethiopian context. We designed a cluster-randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy of a breastfeeding education and support intervention (BFESI) on infant growth, early initiation (EI), and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practices. We randomly assigned 36 clusters into either an intervention group ( = 249) receiving BFESI by trained Women's Development Army (WDA) leaders or a control group ( = 219) receiving routine care. Read More

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Coverage Validation Survey for Lymphatic Filariasis Treatment in Itang Special District of Gambella Regional State of Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Infect Drug Resist 2021 21;14:1537-1543. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Arba Minch University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Collaborative Research and Training Center for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.

Background: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is one of the most debilitating and disfiguring diseases common in Ethiopia. In order to alleviate this problem Mass drug administration (MDA) has been given once a year for the public living in endemic sites. Despite this fact there might be a difference between reported coverage and the actual coverage on the ground due to various errors, so assessing the actual coverage through coverage validation survey appears imperative. Read More

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Exploring spatiotemporal distribution of under-five mortality in Ethiopia: further analysis of Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys 2000, 2005, 2011 and 2016.

BMJ Paediatr Open 2021 8;5(1):e001047. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, comprehensive specialized hospital, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore spatiotemporal distribution of under-five mortality in Ethiopia using data from four (2000, 2005, 2011 and 2016) consecutive demographic and health surveys.

Methods: A total of 41 498 children were included from four consecutive Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys. The geospatial analysis was conducted by using ArcGIS V. Read More

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Hyperuricemia and Its Associated Factors Among Adult Staff Members of the Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Ethiopia.

Int J Gen Med 2021 20;14:1437-1447. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Biomedical Science, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wollo University, Desse, Ethiopia.

Background: Hyperuricemia is related not only to an increased risk of gouty arthritis but also to an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, resistant hypertension, insulin resistance and progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, to the best of our knowledge, the prevalence of hyperuricemia and its associated factors have rarely been assessed in Ethiopian populations. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of hyperuricemia and its associated factors among adult staff members of the Ethiopian Public Health Institute. Read More

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The prevalence of depression among adolescent with HIV/AIDS: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

AIDS Res Ther 2021 Apr 27;18(1):23. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Departmemt of Psychiatry, Aksum University, Aksum, Ethiopia.

Background: Depression is particularly common among adolescents with HIV/AIDS and has been associated with disruption of the important developmental process, subsequently leading to a wide range of negative mental, physical and psychosocial consequences, as well as poor quality of life in those population groups. Nevertheless, to the best of our knowledge, there are no prior systematic reviews and meta-analytic studies that determined the prevalence of depression among adolescents with HIV/AIDS.

Method: We systematically searched PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science for relevant literature until May 2020. Read More

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Analyzing efforts to synergize the global health agenda of universal health coverage, health security and health promotion: a case-study from Ethiopia.

Global Health 2021 Apr 26;17(1):53. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Evidence exists about synergies among universal health coverage, health security and health promotion. Uniting these three global agendas has brought success to the country's health sector. This study aimed to document the efforts Ethiopia has made to apply nationally synergistic approaches uniting these three global health agendas. Read More

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Barriers to the utilization of community-based child and newborn health services in Ethiopia: a scoping review.

Health Policy Plan 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Programs Section, Maternal, Child Health and Nutrition Directorate, Ministry of Health, Sudan Street, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

The Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health and partners have scaled up integrated community case management (iCCM) and community-based newborn care (CBNC), allowing health extension workers (HEWs) to manage the major causes of child and newborn death at the community level. However, low service uptake remains a key challenge. We conducted a scoping review of peer-reviewed and grey literature to assess barriers to the utilization of HEW services and to explore potential solutions. Read More

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Evaluation of Acute and Sub-Acute Toxicity of Aqueous Extracts of Leaves on Brain, Heart and Suprarenal Glands in Swiss Albino Mice.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2020 Nov;30(6):981-990

Department of physiology, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.

Background: The majority of population rely on traditional medicine as a source of healthcare. Artemisia afra is a plant traditionally used for its medicinal values, including treatment of malaria in many parts of the world. Currently, it is also attracting attention because of a claim that a related species, Artemisia annua, is a remedy for the COVD-19 pandemic. Read More

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November 2020

Summary measures of socioeconomic and area-based inequalities in fertility rates among adolescents: evidence from Ethiopian demographic and health surveys 2000-2016.

BMC Public Health 2021 Apr 21;21(1):763. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

HaSET Maternal and Child Health Research Program, Shewarobit Field Office, Shewarobit, Ethiopia.

Background: One of the highest rates of adolescent pregnancies in the world is in sub-Saharan Africa. Most adolescent pregnancies in the region are unintended or unwanted, due to poor access to information and services on sexual and reproductive health for adolescents. Ethiopia has high adolescent fertility rates (AFR) with disparities across socioeconomic subgroups and regions. Read More

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Contraceptive Method Utilization and Determinant Factors among Young Women (15-24) in Ethiopia: A Mixed-Effects Multilevel Logistic Regression Analysis of the Performance Monitoring for Action 2018 Household Survey.

Biomed Res Int 2021 5;2021:6642852. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Population and Family Health, Faculty of Public Health, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Despite highly effective modern contraceptive methods (both short and long acting) are made widely available and accessible globally, their utilization remains low among young women in low- and middle-income countries, including Ethiopia. Hence, this study is aimed at determining its status and identifying the determinant factors by using nationally representative data. A multilevel analysis of the nationwide Performance Monitoring for Action 2018 of Ethiopia round 6 data, collected from June to July, 2018, was conducted. Read More

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Genetic diversity, population structure and selection signature in Ethiopian Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. [Moench]) germplasm.

G3 (Bethesda) 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, P.O. Box 307, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Ethiopia, the probable center of origin and diversity for sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. [Moench]) and with unique eco-geographic features, possesses a large number of sorghum landraces that have not been well studied. Increased knowledge of this diverse germplasm through large-scale genomic characterization may contribute for understanding of evolutionary biology, and adequate use of these valuable resources from the center of origin. Read More

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System Responsiveness to the Psychosocial and Mental Health Needs of Children in Ethiopian Primary Schools: The Case of Gondar City, Northwest Ethiopia Needs.

Front Sociol 2021 5;6:573306. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Psychology, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Ethiopia is the second most populous nation in Africa with children and adolescents constituting more than 40% of the population. Evidence shows the onset of significant degrees of mental illnesses is detectable in this age range. For such early identification to be made there should be a system responding to those needs. Read More

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Neonatal mortality and associated factors in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional population-based study.

BMC Womens Health 2021 Apr 16;21(1):156. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Science, Injibara University, Injibara, Amhara, Ethiopia.

Background: The neonatal period is the most critical time of human life for diseases. Neonatal morbidity and mortality are significant contributors to under-five morbidity and mortality in a low-income country like Ethiopia. Women are one of the key actors for the improvement of maternal, neonatal, and child healthcare utilization. Read More

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Identifying geographically differentiated features of Ethopian Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) morphology with machine learning.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(4):e0249593. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Institute of Computational Biology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria.

Visual characteristics are among the most important features for characterizing the phenotype of biological organisms. Color and geometric properties define population phenotype and allow assessing diversity and adaptation to environmental conditions. To analyze geometric properties classical morphometrics relies on biologically relevant landmarks which are manually assigned to digital images. Read More

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Income inequality, economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions nexus: empirical evidence from Ethiopia.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

School of Policy Studies, Ethiopian Civil Service University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

The relationship between income inequality, economic growth, and CO emissions is ambiguous both theoretically and empirically. Hence, this study examines the link between income inequality, economic growth and CO emissions in Ethiopia for time span covering 1979-2014 using ARDL bounds test and DOLS approach to cointegration. The Zivot-Andrews unit root test and Clemente-Montanes-Reyes unit root test reveal that some of the variables under consideration are stationary at level while others become stationary after first differencing. Read More

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Knowledge, attitude and practice of cervical cancer screening among women infected with HIV in Africa: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2021 8;16(4):e0249960. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

International Institute for Primary Health Care-Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: To establish successful strategies and increasing the utilization of preventive services, there is a need to explore the extent to which the general female population is aware and use the service for cervical cancer-screening among women infected with HIV in Africa. Available evidences in this regard are controversial and non-conclusive on this potential issue and therefore, we estimated the pooled effect of the proportion of knowledge, attitude and practice of HIV infected African women towards cervical cancer screening to generate evidence for improved prevention strategies.

Methods: We applied a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies conducted in Africa and reported the proportion of knowledge, attitude and practice towards cervical cancer screening. Read More

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Establishment of a Pediatric Surgical Unit at a University Hospital in Eastern Africa.

Children (Basel) 2021 Mar 22;8(3). Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Surgery and Child Health, Jimma University Hospital, Federal Ministry of Health, Jimma 47, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Ethiopia is a rapidly developing country in Eastern Africa. In total, 43.2% of the population are younger than 15. Read More

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From Traditional Breeding to Genome Editing for Boosting Productivity of the Ancient Grain Tef [ (Zucc.) Trotter].

Plants (Basel) 2021 Mar 25;10(4). Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Department of Biology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27412, USA.

Tef ( (Zucc.) Trotter) is a staple food crop for 70% of the Ethiopian population and is currently cultivated in several countries for grain and forage production. It is one of the most nutritious grains, and is also more resilient to marginal soil and climate conditions than major cereals such as maize, wheat and rice. Read More

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Cost-effectiveness analysis of an intimate partner violence prevention intervention targeting men, women and couples in rural Ethiopia: evidence from the Unite for a Better Life randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2021 Mar 29;11(3):e042365. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard University T H Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Objectives: Experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with adverse health and psychosocial outcomes for women. However, rigorous economic evaluations of interventions targeting IPV prevention are rare. This paper analyses the cost-effectiveness of Unite for a Better Life (UBL), a gender-transformative intervention designed to prevent IPV and HIV risk behaviours among men, women and couples. Read More

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