261 results match your criteria ethiopian origin

Camel Trypanosomosis in Yabelo and Gomole Districts in Ethiopia: Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors Based on Parasitological Examinations.

Vet Med (Auckl) 2021 10;12:87-94. Epub 2021 May 10.

Southwest Shoa Zone Livestock Development and Fishery Office, Woliso, Ethiopia.

Background: Trypanosomosis is the most prevalent disease and causes serious economic losses in Ethiopia. The disease is among the major constraint to camel production in the country. Hence, this study aimed to determine the occurrence and associated risk factors of camel trypanosomosis in the Borana zone, Ethiopia. Read More

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Genetic Diversity of Tef [ (Zucc.)Trotter] as Revealed by Microsatellite Markers.

Int J Genomics 2021 22;2021:6672397. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, National Agricultural Biotechnology Research Center, P.O. Box 249, Holetta, Ethiopia.

Genetic variability is the fundamental prerequisite of any crop-breeding program to develop superior cultivars. There are about 350 1 species, of which, tef is the only species cultivated for human consumption. Currently, the Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI) collected over five thousand tef accessions from different geographical regions, diverse in terms of climate and elevation, which are uncharacterized yet. Read More

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Involuntary psychiatric hospitalizations in Israel 2001-2018 and risk for immigrants from different countries.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Jul 22;301:113958. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Ruppin Academic Center, Israel.

Since 2000, the Israeli mental health system has undergone a reduction in hospital beds, initiation of community-based rehabilitation, and transfer of governmental services to health maintenance organizations. This study examined trends, predictors and outcomes of involuntary psychiatric hospitalizations (IPH), in particular for immigrants. All first psychiatric hospitalizations of adults, 2001-2018, in the National Psychiatric Case Registry were used. Read More

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Genetic diversity, population structure and selection signature in Ethiopian Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. [Moench]) germplasm.

G3 (Bethesda) 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, P.O. Box 307, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Ethiopia, the probable center of origin and diversity for sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. [Moench]) and with unique eco-geographic features, possesses a large number of sorghum landraces that have not been well studied. Increased knowledge of this diverse germplasm through large-scale genomic characterization may contribute for understanding of evolutionary biology, and adequate use of these valuable resources from the center of origin. Read More

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Developing a Framework to Increase Access to Mental Health Services for Children With Special Needs in Ethiopia.

Front Sociol 2020 17;5:583931. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Department of Counseling, Psychology and Special Education, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

The availability and accessibility of Westernized mental health diagnostic processes and evidence-based treatments are limited in developing countries, such as Ethiopia (Kakuma et al., 2011; Hohenshil et al., 2013; Wondie, 2014; Zeleke et al. Read More

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December 2020

Prevalence of Substance Use in University Students, Ethiopia.

Subst Abuse 2021 30;15:11782218211003558. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Yekatit 12 Hospital Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Although substance use is a known public health problem and a pressing issue in Ethiopia, its real extent and magnitude are not yet properly explored. The current study aimed to determine the extent and predictors of substance use among regular undergraduate students in the Institute of Technology, Addis Ababa University.

Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was carried among 794 undergraduate regular students at the Institute of Technology, Addis Ababa University, using a self-administered structured questionnaire filled by study participants. Read More

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A novel founder MSH2 deletion in Ethiopian Jews is mainly associated with early-onset colorectal cancer.

Fam Cancer 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

The Raphael Recanati Genetics Institute, Rabin Medical Center - Beilinson Hospital, 39 Jabotinsky St., 4941492, Petach Tikva, Israel.

Lynch syndrome is an inherited cancer predisposition syndrome caused by germline defects in any of the mismatch repair (MMR) genes. Diagnosis of carriers makes precision prevention, early detection, and tailored treatment possible. Herein we report a novel founder deletion of 18,758 bp, mediated by Alu repeats on both sides, detected in Ethiopian Jews. Read More

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SNP-based genotyping and whole-genome sequencing reveal previously unknown genetic diversity in pv. , causal agent of banana xanthomonas wilt, in its presumed Ethiopian origin.

Plant Pathol 2021 Apr 27;70(3):534-543. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Plant Pathology International Institute of Tropical Agriculture Kampala Uganda.

For decades, pv. (Xvm) has been an economically important bacterial pathogen on enset in Ethiopia. Since 2001, Xvm has also been responsible for significant losses to banana crops in several East and Central African countries, with devastating consequences for smallholder farmers. Read More

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Whole Genome Analysis of African G12P[6] and G12P[8] Rotaviruses Provides Evidence of Porcine-Human Reassortment at NSP2, NSP3, and NSP4.

Front Microbiol 2020 12;11:604444. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Diarrhoeal Pathogens Research Unit, Department of Virology, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa.

Group A rotaviruses (RVA) represent the most common cause of pediatric gastroenteritis in children <5 years, worldwide. There has been an increase in global detection and reported cases of acute gastroenteritis caused by RVA genotype G12 strains, particularly in Africa. This study sought to characterize the genomic relationship between African G12 strains and determine the possible origin of these strains. Read More

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January 2021

Genetic Diversities and Historical Dynamics of Native Ethiopian Horse Populations () Inferred from Mitochondrial DNA Polymorphisms.

Genes (Basel) 2021 Jan 25;12(2). Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources (CIBIO), University of Porto, 4485-661 Vairao, Portugal.

Matrilineal genetic diversity and relationship were investigated among eight morphologically identified native Ethiopian horse populations using polymorphisms in 46 mtDNA D-loop sequences (454 base pairs). The horse populations identified were Abyssinian, Bale, Borana, Horro, Kafa, Kundido feral horses, Ogaden and Selale. Mitochondrial DNA D-loop sequences were characterized by 15 variable sites that defined five different haplotypes. Read More

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January 2021

Genetic characterization of G12P[6] and G12P[8] rotavirus strains collected in six African countries between 2010 and 2014.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jan 22;21(1):107. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Diarrhoeal Pathogens Research Unit, Department of Virology, WHO AFRO Rotavirus Regional Reference Laboratory, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: G12 rotaviruses were first observed in sub-Saharan Africa in 2004 and since then have continued to emerge and spread across the continent and are reported as a significant human rotavirus genotype in several African countries, both prior to and after rotavirus vaccine introduction. This study investigated the genetic variability of 15 G12 rotavirus strains associated with either P[6] or P[8] identified between 2010 and 2014 from Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Togo and Zambia.

Methods: The investigation was carried out by comparing partial VP7 and partial VP4 sequences of the African G12P[6] and G12P[8] strains with the available GenBank sequences and exploring the recognized neutralization epitopes of these strains. Read More

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January 2021

A fungus-eat-fungus world: Digitopodium, with particular reference to mycoparasites of the coffee leaf rust, Hemileia vastatrix.

IMA Fungus 2021 Jan 5;12(1). Epub 2021 Jan 5.

Departamento de Fitopatologia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, 36570-900, Brazil.

Digitopodium hemileiae was described originally in 1930 as Cladosporium hemileiae; growing as a mycoparasite of the coffee leaf rust (CLR), Hemileia vastatrix, in a sample of diseased leaves of Coffea canephora collected in the Democratic Republic of Congo. No cultures from this material exist. More recently, the type material was re-examined and, based on morphological features, considered to be incorrectly placed in Cladosporium. Read More

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January 2021

Renal immature teratoma: A rare entity; A case report and literature review.

Urol Case Rep 2021 Jan 19;34:101495. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Hawassa University, College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Teratomas are neoplasms commonly arising from the gonads. Kidney is one of the rare sites of origin of the tumor. Immature intra renal teratoma is even more rare and to date only 4 cases have been reported in the literature. Read More

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January 2021

Genetic diversity, population structure, and gene flow analysis of lowland bamboo [ (A. Rich.) Munro] in Ethiopia.

Ecol Evol 2020 Oct 20;10(20):11217-11236. Epub 2020 Sep 20.

Department of Biosciences COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI) Islamabad Pakistan.

Bamboo, a member of subfamily Bambusoideae in the grass family (Poaceae), is one of the most important nontimber forest resources and a potential alternative to wood and wood products. Ethiopian lowland bamboo () is an economically and ecologically important species which accounts about 85% of total bamboo coverage in the country. This species is experiencing population decline due to a number of anthropogenic factors. Read More

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October 2020

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Towards COVID-19 Pandemic Among Quarantined Adults in Tigrai Region, Ethiopia.

Infect Drug Resist 2020 20;13:3727-3737. Epub 2020 Oct 20.

School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Adigrat University, Adigrat, Ethiopia.

Background: With the onset of any novel condition, it is the "first" case identified that brings attention and sets into motion the machinery to respond - so it began with a first novel pneumonia case of unknown origin in Wuhan, China. Currently, the World Health Organization has declared SARS-CoV-2 (more commonly known as COVID-19) a public health emergency of international concern. It is projected that the path of COVID-19 could kill 50-80 million people and impacts the world's economy in its devastating global sweep. Read More

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October 2020

Correction to: Genetic diversity and matrilineal genetic origin of fat-rumped sheep in Ethiopia.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2020 Nov;52(6):3933

School of Pharmaceutical & Allied Medical Sciences, School of Natural Sciences, CT University, Ludhiana, Jagraon, Punjab, 142024, India.

The article Genetic diversity and matrilineal genetic origin of fat-rumped sheep in Ethiopia, written by Nigussie H., Mwacharo J.M. Read More

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November 2020

DArTSeq SNP-based markers revealed high genetic diversity and structured population in Ethiopian cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] germplasms.

PLoS One 2020 8;15(10):e0239122. Epub 2020 Oct 8.

Biosciences Eastern and Central Africa - International Livestock Research Institute (BecA - ILRI) Hub, Nairobi, Kenya.

Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] is one of the important climate-resilient legume crops for food and nutrition security in sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia is believed to harbor high cowpea genetic diversity, but this has not yet been efficiently characterized and exploited in breeding. Read More

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November 2020

Suitability of target region amplified polymorphism (TRAP) markers to discern genetic variability in sweet sorghum.

J Genet Eng Biotechnol 2020 Oct 6;18(1):59. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Department of Plant Biotechnology, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute, University of Sadat City, Sadat City, Egypt.

Background: Sweet sorghum is an emerging biofuel candidate crop with multiple benefits as a source of biomass energy. Increase of biomass and sugar productivity and quality is a central goal in its improvement. Target region amplified polymorphism (TRAP) is a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based functional marker system that can detect genetic diversity in the functional region of target genes. Read More

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October 2020

Adolescent BMI and early-onset type 2 diabetes among Ethiopian immigrants and their descendants: a nationwide study.

Cardiovasc Diabetol 2020 10 6;19(1):168. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Department of Military Medicine, Hebrew University, Jerusalem and the Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Background: We assessed in a nationwide cohort the association between adolescent BMI and early-onset (< 40 years) type 2 diabetes among Israelis of Ethiopian origin.

Methods: Normoglycemic adolescents (range 16-20 years old), including 93,806 native Israelis (≥ 3rd generation in Israel) and 27,684 Israelis of Ethiopian origin, were medically assessed for military service between 1996 and 2011. Weight and height were measured. Read More

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October 2020

Effect of habitual consumption of Ethiopian Arabica coffee on the risk of cardiovascular diseases among non-diabetic healthy adults.

Heliyon 2020 Sep 15;6(9):e04886. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

University of Gondar, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Biochemistry, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Globally, coffee is one of the most consumed beverages and recently, it has been a target of researchers to understand its effect on human health whether good or bad. Even though there is controversy on coffee consumption effect in cardiovascular diseases, several reports pointed out that coffee has a positive effect on the occurrence and progression of chronic non-communicable diseases including cardiovascular diseases. However, the impact of Ethiopian coffee Arabica consumption on cardiovascular diseases has not been well investigated thoroughly. Read More

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September 2020

Mitochondrial DNA Variations in Colombian Creole Sheep Confirm an Iberian Origin and Shed Light on the Dynamics of Introduction Events of African Genotypes.

Animals (Basel) 2020 Sep 8;10(9). Epub 2020 Sep 8.

Department of Animal Science Animal, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Palmira 763533, Colombia.

The genetic origins and diversity of Creole sheep from five regions of Colombia were investigated based on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variations across 89 sequences from five breeds: one wool Creole sheep (CL) and four hair Creole sheep, including Ethiopian (OPC), Sudan (OPC), Pelibuey (OPC) and (OPC). A global comparison was done using 62 haplotypes from Iberian, African, Indian, Caribbean, Mexican, Caucasian and European sheep based on sequences retrieved from GenBank. This study aimed to identify the maternal origin of Colombian Creole sheep and their genetic relationships at a global level. Read More

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September 2020

Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activities of Roasted and Green Coffee Beans Originating from Different Regions of Ethiopia.

Int J Food Sci 2020 25;2020:8490492. Epub 2020 Aug 25.

Department of Microbial, Cellular and Molecular Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Coffee is among the most traded commodities and consumed beverages worldwide primarily for its stimulating effects. Moreover, coffee is known to contain various bioactive compounds with significant health benefits including antibacterial and antioxidant activities. However, Ethiopia as the origin of coffee and producer and exporter of varieties of has made little study on the health aspects of this beverage. Read More

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Physico-chemical, antioxidant and anti-microbial properties of some Ethiopian mono-floral honeys.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2020 Sep 22;27(9):2366-2372. Epub 2020 May 22.

Agricultural Research Corporation, Sudan, P.O. Box: 126, Madani, Sudan.

Honey has been widely used to treat several human pathogens. However, all honeys may not have equal potencies against different human pathogens. The purpose of the current work was to investigate the physico-chemical and antimicrobial qualities of some mono-floral honeys from Ethiopia against some human pathogen bacteria and fungi. Read More

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September 2020

Genetic Diversity of Populations in Ethiopia Using Microsatellite Markers.

Int J Genomics 2020 13;2020:3202037. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

EMBRAPA Mid-North, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA), Teresina PI-, Brazil.

is a parasitic weed that causes considerable yield losses on food legumes in Ethiopia and the Mediterranean region. Understanding the genetic diversity of using molecular techniques generate useful information in managing the weed through resistance breeding. This study aimed at assessing the genetic diversity of populations collected from major faba bean growing areas of Ethiopia. Read More

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Narrow genetic base shapes population structure and linkage disequilibrium in an industrial oilseed crop, Brassica carinata A. Braun.

Sci Rep 2020 07 28;10(1):12629. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 107 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun) is an emerging sustainable source of vegetable oil, in particular for the biofuel industry. The present study exploited genome assemblies of the Brassica diploids, Brassica nigra and Brassica oleracea, to discover over 10,000 genome-wide SNPs using genotype by sequencing of 620 B. Read More

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Optical maps of plasmids as a proxy for clonal spread of MDR bacteria: a case study of an outbreak in a rural Ethiopian hospital.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2020 10;75(10):2804-2811

Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Objectives: MDR bacteria have become a prevailing health threat worldwide. We here aimed to use optical DNA mapping (ODM) as a rapid method to trace nosocomial spread of bacterial clones and gene elements. We believe that this method has the potential to be a tool of pivotal importance for MDR control. Read More

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October 2020

Effects of prenatal exposure to the 1983-1985 Ethiopian great famine on the metabolic syndrome in adults: a historical cohort study.

Br J Nutr 2020 11 10;124(10):1052-1060. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, 378, Ethiopia.

The Ethiopian great famine was one of the severe forms of global famines ever documented in Africa as well as in the recent history of the world. Earlier famine studies, as natural experiments, had tested the association between prenatal famine exposure and the metabolic syndrome and reported heterogeneous findings. Hence, this study aimed at evaluating the effects of prenatal exposure to the 1983-1985 Ethiopian great famine on the metabolic syndrome in adults. Read More

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November 2020

Effect of altitude of coffee plants on the composition of fatty acids of green coffee beans.

BMC Chem 2020 Dec 12;14(1):36. Epub 2020 May 12.

3Department of Microbial, Cellular and Molecular Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: The fatty acids of green coffee beans are one of the major components that determine the quality of coffee. Fatty acids composition of green coffee beans is affected by soil composition and altitude of coffee plants. This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of altitude of the coffee plants on the composition of fatty acids in green coffee beans. Read More

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December 2020

Risk Factors for Positive Appraisal of Mistreatment during Childbirth among Ethiopian Midwifery Students.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 04 14;17(8). Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Department of Health Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, 9713 AV Groningen, The Netherlands.

The maternal mortality ratio and neonatal mortality rate remain high in Ethiopia, where few births are attended by qualified healthcare staff. This is partly due to care providers' mistreatment of women during childbirth, which creates a culture of anxiety that decreases the use of healthcare services. This study employed a cross-sectional design to identify risk factors for positive appraisal of mistreatment during childbirth. Read More

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