5,676 results match your criteria ethiopian


Thirst for Information and Needs Reflections of Type 2 Diabetes Patients Receiving Insulin Treatment in North-East Ethiopia: A Qualitative Exploration.

J Prev Med Public Health 2021 Mar 1;54(2):119-128. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences (CMHS), Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia.

Objectives: Ongoing, proactive, planned, and patient-centered diabetes education is the cornerstone of care for all persons with diabetes. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the information needs of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients receiving insulin treatment in North-East Ethiopia.

Methods: The study was conducted from July 2019 to January 2020 using a qualitative enquiry (phenomenological approach) with purposive sampling. Read More

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Prevalence of Schistosomiasis (S. mansoni and S. haematobium) and its association with gender of school age children in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Parasite Epidemiol Control 2021 May 13;13:e00210. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.

Background: Schistosomiasis (S. mansoni and S. haematobium) is an important neglected tropical disease in sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia. Read More

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Pattern of crop raiding by wild large mammals and the resultant impacts vary with distances from forests in Southwest Ethiopia.

Ecol Evol 2021 Apr 14;11(7):3203-3209. Epub 2021 Feb 14.

College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine Jimma University Jimma Ethiopia.

Crop raiding is a major form of human-wildlife interaction mainly in the ecotone areas of human-modified natural landscapes. The aim of this study was to examine the spatial pattern of crop raiding and the resultant impacts on how farmers perceive forests at different distances from Yayu Coffee Forest Biosphere Reserve which is located in southwest Ethiopia. For this, thirty transects (each 1 km long) were laid out at 200 m interval parallel to forest edges: ten transects close to forest (<0. Read More

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Income inequality, economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions nexus: empirical evidence from Ethiopia.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

School of Policy Studies, Ethiopian Civil Service University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

The relationship between income inequality, economic growth, and CO emissions is ambiguous both theoretically and empirically. Hence, this study examines the link between income inequality, economic growth and CO emissions in Ethiopia for time span covering 1979-2014 using ARDL bounds test and DOLS approach to cointegration. The Zivot-Andrews unit root test and Clemente-Montanes-Reyes unit root test reveal that some of the variables under consideration are stationary at level while others become stationary after first differencing. Read More

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A novel founder MSH2 deletion in Ethiopian Jews is mainly associated with early-onset colorectal cancer.

Fam Cancer 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

The Raphael Recanati Genetics Institute, Rabin Medical Center - Beilinson Hospital, 39 Jabotinsky St., 4941492, Petach Tikva, Israel.

Lynch syndrome is an inherited cancer predisposition syndrome caused by germline defects in any of the mismatch repair (MMR) genes. Diagnosis of carriers makes precision prevention, early detection, and tailored treatment possible. Herein we report a novel founder deletion of 18,758 bp, mediated by Alu repeats on both sides, detected in Ethiopian Jews. Read More

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Magnitude and associated factors of unmet need for family planning among rural women in Ethiopia: a multilevel cross-sectional analysis.

BMJ Open 2021 Apr 9;11(4):e044060. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences and Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Objective: This study was aimed to assess the magnitude and associated factors of unmet need for family planning among rural women in Ethiopia.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Ethiopia. Read More

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Ethnic Specific body fat percent prediction equation as surrogate marker of obesity in Ethiopian adults.

J Health Popul Nutr 2021 Apr 9;40(1):17. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Public Health, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Background: Application of advanced body composition measurement methods is not practical in developing countries context due to cost and unavailability of facilities. This study generated ethnic specific body fat percent prediction equation for Ethiopian adults using appropriate data.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried ifrom February to April 2015 among 704 randomly selected adult employees of Jimma University. Read More

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Providing safe maternity care under challenging conditions in rural Ethiopia: a qualitative study.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Apr 9;21(1):323. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Molde University College, Specialized University in Logistics, Faculty of Health Sciences and Sociale Care, Britvegen 2, 6410, Molde, Norway.

Background: Women's health and the reduction in the global maternal mortality rate is a research priority worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the structural conditions that influence the maternity care provided for women in rural Ethiopia.

Methods: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted, composed of 28 individual in-depth interviews with midwives and women who had given birth during the past 8 months, and observations of maternity care at health centres and a primary hospital. Read More

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HIV voluntary counseling and testing uptake and associated factors among Ethiopian youths: evidence from the 2016 EDHS using multilevel modeling.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Apr 9;21(1):334. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

College of Natural & Computational Sciences, Department of Statistics, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Existing evidence showed that Human Immunodeficiency Virus counselling and testing uptake among Ethiopian youths is low, and factors contributing to it are not well studied. Therefore, this study aims to assess the status of uptake and identify its determinants using the 2016 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey data.

Method: Data of 10,903 Ethiopian youths were extracted from the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey. Read More

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Determinants of dietary diversity practice among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at Wachemo University Nigist Eleni Mohammed memorial referral hospital, Southern Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2021 9;16(4):e0250037. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Medical Emergency, Hossana College of Health Science, Hossana, Ethiopia.

Background: Dietary diversity has continued to receive a global attention among pregnant women as they have been considered susceptible to malnutrition because of their increased nutrient demands. Thus, a variety of foodstuffs in their diet are necessary for ensuring the appropriateness of their nutrient consumptions. This study, therefore assessed the dietary diversity practice and its determinants among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at Wachemo University Nigist Eleni Mohammed memorial referral hospital, Southern Ethiopia. Read More

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Teratogenic Effect of High Dose of (Myrtaceae) Leaves on Wistar Albino Rat Embryos and Fetuses.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 24;2021:6677395. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

is an important medicinal plant effective against hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and cancer but with no evidence of its teratogenicity. This study was planned to investigate the teratogenic potential of leaves on rat embryos and fetuses. Five groups of Wistar albino rats, each consisting of ten pregnant rats, were used as experimental animals. Read More

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Seed-to-seed early-season cold resiliency in sorghum.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 8;11(1):7801. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Cropping Systems Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS, 3810 4th Street, Lubbock, TX, USA.

Early planted sorghum usually experiences cooler day/night temperatures, which may result in delayed growth, floral initiation, and infertile pollen, limiting productivity in high altitudes and temperate regions. Genetic variability for cold tolerance in sorghum has been evaluated by characterizing germination, emergence, vigor, and seedling growth under sub-optimal temperatures. However, the compounded effect of early season cold on plant growth and development and subsequent variability in potential grain yield losses has not been evaluated. Read More

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Nursing Experts, Hygienic Modernity, and Nation Building: The Case of Nursing in Ethiopia in the Post-colonial Era.

Authors:
Sioban Nelson

Can Bull Med Hist 2021 Apr 5:e455062020. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Sioban Nelson - Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

This is a tale in three parts. It begins with an exploration of the story of Princess Tsahai, daughter of Haile Selassie, and the highly successful British campaign led by suffragette E. Sylvia Pankhurst to bring British-style nursing and medicine to Ethiopia in the 1940s and 1950s. Read More

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Knowledge, attitude and practice of cervical cancer screening among women infected with HIV in Africa: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2021 8;16(4):e0249960. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

International Institute for Primary Health Care-Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: To establish successful strategies and increasing the utilization of preventive services, there is a need to explore the extent to which the general female population is aware and use the service for cervical cancer-screening among women infected with HIV in Africa. Available evidences in this regard are controversial and non-conclusive on this potential issue and therefore, we estimated the pooled effect of the proportion of knowledge, attitude and practice of HIV infected African women towards cervical cancer screening to generate evidence for improved prevention strategies.

Methods: We applied a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies conducted in Africa and reported the proportion of knowledge, attitude and practice towards cervical cancer screening. Read More

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Attitudes and experiences of employed women when combining exclusive breastfeeding and work: A qualitative study among office workers in Northern Ethiopia.

Matern Child Nutr 2021 Apr 8:e13190. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Monash Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Peninsula Campus, Frankston, Victoria, Australia.

Evidence from different countries shows that the level of support given to mothers who return to paid employment can significantly determine the duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). However, little is known about how returning to work impacts Ethiopian women's EBF practice. The aim of this study was to explore women's attitudes and experiences of EBF when they returned to work. Read More

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Spatiotemporal dynamics of habitat suitability for the Ethiopian staple crop, (teff), under changing climate.

PeerJ 2021 22;9:e10965. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystems, College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China.

Teff ( (Zucc.) Trotter) is a staple, ancient food crop in Ethiopia. Its growth is affected by climate change, so it is essential to understand climatic effects on its habitat suitability in order to design countermeasures to ensure food security. Read More

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The Success Rate of Endotracheal Intubation in the Emergency Department of Tertiary Care Hospital in Ethiopia, One-Year Retrospective Study.

Emerg Med Int 2021 19;2021:9590859. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Emergency Medicine and Critical Care, St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Emergency medical care starts with airway assessment and intervention management. Endotracheal intubation is the definitive airway management in the emergency department (ED) for patients requiring a definitive airway. Successful first pass is recommended as the main objective of emergency intubation. Read More

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Standardizing clinical culture specimen collection in Ethiopia: a training-of-trainers.

BMC Med Educ 2021 Apr 7;21(1):195. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

The Ohio State University Global One Health initiative, Columbus, OH, USA.

Background: Proper specimen collection is central to improving patient care by ensuring optimal yield of diagnostic tests, guiding appropriate management, and targeting treatment. The purpose of this article is to describe the development and implementation of a training-of-trainers educational program designed to improve clinical culture specimen collection among healthcare personnel (HCP) in Ethiopia.

Methods: A Clinical Specimen Collection training package was created consisting of a Trainer's Manual, Reference Manual, Assessment Tools, Step-by-Step Instruction Guides (i. Read More

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eHealth Literacy of Medical and Health Science Students and Factors Affecting eHealth Literacy in an Ethiopian University: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Appl Clin Inform 2021 Mar 7;12(2):301-309. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background:  eHealth literacy is individual's ability to look for, understand, and evaluate health information from electronic sources. Integrating eHealth literacy to the health system could help lower health care costs and ensure health equity. Despite its importance, the eHealth literacy level in Ethiopia has not been studied on medical and health science students, who are important parties in the health system. Read More

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Do mothers who delivered at health facilities return to health facilities for postnatal care follow-up? A multilevel analysis of the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(4):e0249793. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Fenot, a Project of the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Returning to health facility for postnatal care (PNC) use after giving birth at health facility could reflect the health seeking behavior of mothers. However, such studies are rare though they are critically important to develop vigorous strategies to improve PNC service utilization. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the magnitude and factors associated with returning to health facilities for PNC among mothers who delivered in Ethiopian health facilities after they were discharged. Read More

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Magnitude and associated factors of poor medication adherence among diabetic and hypertensive patients visiting public health facilities in Ethiopia during the COVID-19 pandemic.

PLoS One 2021 6;16(4):e0249222. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Research Directorate, Saint Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Objective: This study aims to assess the magnitude and associated factors of poor medication adherence among diabetic and hypertensive patients visiting public health facilities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: A multi-site cross-sectional design was conducted from 1st through 30th of August 2020 at public health facilities of the study area. Adult outpatients with T2DM and hypertension visiting hospitals and health centers were included in the study. Read More

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Persistent Socioeconomic Inequalities in Measles Vaccine Uptake in Ethiopia in the Period 2005 to 2016.

Value Health Reg Issues 2021 Apr 2;25:71-79. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Health Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; Department of Economics, Econometrics, and Finance, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; Unit of Pharmaco-Therapy, -Epidemiology, and -Economics (PTE2), Department of Pharmacy, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; Department of Pharmacology and Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Objective: This study aims to quantify socioeconomic inequalities-and the factors contributing to these inequalities-in measles vaccine uptake among children aged 12 to 23 months in Ethiopia between 2005 and 2016.

Methods: Inequalities in measles vaccine uptake were investigated based on data from the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 2005, 2011, and 2016. Concentration curves and concentration indices were used to measure the degree of inequality, and decomposition analysis was used to identify factors contributing to these inequalities. Read More

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Natural insecticides for the control of urticating ant, Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a coffee plantation of Southwestern Ethiopia.

Heliyon 2021 Mar 21;7(3):e06546. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Department of Horticulture & Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, P.O. Box, 307, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Coffee, L. is a vital crop in Ethiopia's social, cultural, and national economy. Despite its dominant role in the country, the crop is challenged by various insect pests, which reduce coffee yield and quality. Read More

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Pharmacological Evaluation of Antipyretic and Antioxidant Activities of 80% Methanol Root Extract and Derived Solvent Fraction of M. (Asteraceae) in Mice Model.

Biomed Res Int 2021 15;2021:6670984. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Toxicity and untoward effects are very ostensible in most standard drugs including antipyretic agents. Searching for conceivable antipyretic drugs with minimal toxicities and side effects from traditional plants is a growing concern to date. M. Read More

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Paederus Dermatitis Outbreak in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A Case-Control Study.

J Environ Public Health 2021 15;2021:8892785. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Center of Public Health Emergency Management, Ethiopian Public Health Institutes, Swaziland Street, P.O. Box 1242, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Paederus dermatitis is an irritant contact dermatitis caused by crushing insects of the genus , which releases a vesicant toxin called pederin. On July 28, 2018, the district health office received a report of cases with erythema, itching, and burning after contact with the insect. In response, we investigated the outbreak intending to describe, confirm, and identify the risk factors associated with the country's first reported outbreak. Read More

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SabaTracheid 1.0: A Novel Program for Quantitative Analysis of Conifer Wood Anatomy - A Demonstration on African Juniper From the Blue Nile Basin.

Front Plant Sci 2021 18;12:595258. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Université de Lorraine, AgroParisTech, INRAE, SILVA, Nancy, France.

Knowledge about past climates, especially at a seasonal time scale, is important as it allows informed decisions to be made to mitigate future climate change. However, globally, and especially in semi-arid Tropics, instrumental climatic data are scarce. A dendroclimatic approach may fill this gap, but tropical dendrochronological data are rare and do not yet provide fine resolution intra-annual information about past climates. Read More

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Establishment of a Pediatric Surgical Unit at a University Hospital in Eastern Africa.

Children (Basel) 2021 Mar 22;8(3). Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Surgery and Child Health, Jimma University Hospital, Federal Ministry of Health, Jimma 47, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Ethiopia is a rapidly developing country in Eastern Africa. In total, 43.2% of the population are younger than 15. Read More

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Dynamic Impact Surface Damage Analysis of 3D Woven Para-Aramid Armour Panels Using NDI Technique.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Mar 12;13(6). Epub 2021 Mar 12.

College of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, 178 G.J.D. Road, Suzhou 215021, China.

The effects of the yarn composition system inside 3D woven high-performance textiles are not well investigated and understood against their final ballistic impact behaviour. The current study aims to examine the ballistic impact performances of armour panels made of different 3D woven fabric variants through postmortem observations. Four high-performance five-layer 3D woven fabric variants were engineered based on their different warp yarn compositions but similar area density. Read More

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From Traditional Breeding to Genome Editing for Boosting Productivity of the Ancient Grain Tef [ (Zucc.) Trotter].

Plants (Basel) 2021 Mar 25;10(4). Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Department of Biology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27412, USA.

Tef ( (Zucc.) Trotter) is a staple food crop for 70% of the Ethiopian population and is currently cultivated in several countries for grain and forage production. It is one of the most nutritious grains, and is also more resilient to marginal soil and climate conditions than major cereals such as maize, wheat and rice. Read More

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