17,888 results match your criteria essential policies


Childhood Cancer Drugs in China: An Overview and Comparison of Regulatory Approvals in China and the United States.

Int J Cancer 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Pharmacy Administration and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China.

Different from less developed countries, 80% of children with cancers in the US are cured. Traditional chemotherapy drugs are the mainstay of therapies; new targeted medications have become available recently. Using publicly available data, we created a database of cancer drugs with paediatric malignancy indications approved by October 31, 2020 in China and the US. Read More

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September 2021

Solid fuel use, socioeconomic indicators and risk of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality: a prospective cohort study in a rural area of Sichuan, China.

Int J Epidemiol 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Vanke School of Public Health, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

Background: Estimates indicate that household air pollution caused by solid fuel burning accounted for about 1.03 million premature mortalities in China in 2016. In the country's rural areas, more than half the population still relies on biomass fuels and coals for cooking and heating. Read More

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September 2021

Applying User-Centered Design to Develop Practical Strategies that Address Overuse in Primary Care.

J Gen Intern Med 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Veterans Affairs, Center for Clinical Management Research, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Introduction: Engaging patients and frontline clinicians in re-designing clinical care is essential for improving care delivery in a complex clinical environment. This study sought to assess an innovative user-centered design approach to improving clinical care quality, focusing on the use cases of de-intensifying non-beneficial care within the following areas: (1) de-intensifying diabetes treatment in high-risk patients; (2) stopping screening for carotid artery stenosis in asymptomatic patients; and (3) stopping colorectal cancer screening in average-risk, older adults.

Methods: The user-centered design approach, consisting of patient and patient-clinician charrettes (defined as intensive workshops where key stakeholders collaborate to develop creative solutions to a specific problem) and participant surveys, has been described previously. Read More

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September 2021

COVID-19 and beyond: how lessons and evidence from implementation research can benefit health systems' response and preparedness for COVID-19 and future epidemics.

Fam Med Community Health 2021 Sep;9(4)

Global Health Division, International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Early in the COVID-19 pandemic-and based on limited data on the novel coronavirus-it was projected that African countries will be ravaged and the health systems overwhelmed. Fortunately, Africa has so far defied these dire predictions. Many factors account for the less dramatic outcome, in particular the local know-how gained through dealing with previous epidemics, such as Ebola, and the early and coordinated political and public health response, applying a combination of containment and mitigation measures. Read More

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September 2021

Supervise the Physicochemical Quality of Ground Water Using Soft Computing Technique.

Environ Technol 2021 Sep 17:1-18. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Associate Professor Department of Mathematics, College of Science, Jazan University, Jazan (KSA), Email ID

Water resources are essential for human being and nowadays polluted water jeopardies the human health. Toxic substances come from houses, industries and farm lands, dust mix with water causes water pollution. This pollution depreciates the quality of water and affects the human life. Read More

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September 2021

Sociopolitical control as a mediator between ethnic identity and social support on 30-day drug use among black girls.

J Ethn Subst Abuse 2021 Sep 17:1-20. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Montclair State University, Montclair, New Jersey.

While Black girls have lower rates of drug use, they face worse health and wellbeing consequences associated with drug use. Understanding which strengths-based factors serve as buffers to limit adverse outcomes related to drug use among Black girls is essential for prevention. This study investigated the mediating role of sociopolitical control on drug use among Black girls (n = 340). Read More

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September 2021

Hydrochemical appraisal and solute acquisitions in Seti River Basin, Central Himalaya, Nepal.

Environ Monit Assess 2021 Sep 17;193(10):656. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal.

The chemical characterization and assessment of the water quality in the headwater areas of the Himalaya are necessary for securing the water in the future. This study aims to assess the hydrochemistry and water quality concerning drinking and irrigational uses in the Seti River Basin (SRB), Nepal. A total of 45 water samples were collected in 2016 from the SRB during pre-monsoon, monsoon, and post-monsoon seasons, and pH, EC, TDS, and DO were measured on-site, whereas Ca, Mg, K, Na, Cl, SO, NO, and dissolved Si were analyzed in the laboratory. Read More

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September 2021

Examining the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on community engagement for people with mobility disabilities.

Disabil Health J 2021 Sep 1:101212. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

University of Kansas Research and Training Center on Independent Living (KU-RTCIL), 1000 Sunnyside Ave., Room 1052, Lawrence, KS, 66045, United States; University of Kansas Institute for Health and Disability Policy Studies (KU-IHDPS), 1000 Sunnyside Ave., Room 1052, Lawrence, KS, 66045, United States; University of Kansas Department of Applied Behavioral Science 4001 Dole Human Development Center, 1000 Sunnyside Ave Lawrence, KS, 66046, United States. Electronic address:

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent mandates upended community participation in the United States. People with disabilities were often more vulnerable to the adverse effects of the pandemic. Some areas of community participation affected for this population include employment, access to transportation, and social engagement and connection to others. Read More

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September 2021

Research integrity guidelines and safeguards in Brazil.

Account Res 2021 Sep 16:1-17. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Center for Ethics and Law in Biomedicine, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary.

Brazilian research output has been growing annually, and so have its domestic and international research collaborations. Accordingly, it is essential to harmonize research integrity guidance and regulations to ensure research quality. Therefore, this study aims to collect and analyze guidance documents on research integrity from Brazilian research performing organizations (RPO). Read More

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September 2021

"I have the strength to get through this using my past experiences with HIV": findings from a mixed-method survey of health outcomes, service accessibility, and psychosocial wellbeing among people living with HIV during the Covid-19 pandemic.

AIDS Care 2021 Sep 16:1-7. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Global Health and Infection, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.

We examined the impact of Covid-19 restrictions on the wellbeing and access to care among people living with HIV (PLWH) in the UK. A cross-sectional anonymous online survey was circulated to PLWH attending care at three HIV services in Sussex. The questionnaire covered key themes: socio-demographic characteristics; changes in physical and mental health; accessibility of essential health services and information; and socio-economic concerns. Read More

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September 2021

Improving Disaster Data Systems to Inform Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building in Australia: A Comparison of Databases.

Prehosp Disaster Med 2021 Sep 16:1-8. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy.

Objective: Disaster impact databases are important resources for informing research, policy, and decision making. Therefore, understanding the underpinning methodology of data collection used by the databases, how they differ, and quality indicators of the data recorded is essential in ensuring that their use as reference points is valid.

Methods: The Australian Disaster Resilience Knowledge Hub (AIDRKH) is an open-source platform supported by government to inform disaster management practice. Read More

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September 2021

Working toward anti-racist perspectives in attachment theory, research, and practice.

Attach Hum Dev 2021 Sep 16:1-31. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department Of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, United States.

Recent social movements have illuminated systemic inequities in U.S. society, including within the social sciences. Read More

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September 2021

A Scoping Review of National Policies for Healthy Ageing in Mainland China from 2016 to 2020.

Lancet Reg Health West Pac 2021 Jul 28;12:100168. Epub 2021 May 28.

The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

There remains limited literature to facilitate understanding of healthy ageing-related policies in China over the last five-year policy planning cycle. This study aims to characterise all relevant policies and identifies the policy gaps from a health system perspective. A scoping review framework was used. Read More

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Anaesthesiology in China: A cross-sectional survey of the current status of anaesthesiology departments.

Lancet Reg Health West Pac 2021 Jul 17;12:100166. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Anaesthesia and Operation Centre, First Medical Centre of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, 100853, China.

Background: The discipline of anaesthesiology in China has undergone historical changes and development during the past century. However, nationwide comprehensive data on the current status of each hospital department providing anaesthesia care has been lacking since the discipline was first established in China. This information is essential for effective regulation of healthcare policies by both the professional associations and the government health ministry. Read More

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Guidance for biostatisticians on their essential contributions to clinical and translational research protocol review.

J Clin Transl Sci 2021 12;5(1):e161. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Preventive Medicine and Population Health, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA.

Rigorous scientific review of research protocols is critical to making funding decisions, and to the protection of both human and non-human research participants. Given the increasing complexity of research designs and data analysis methods, quantitative experts, such as biostatisticians, play an essential role in evaluating the rigor and reproducibility of proposed methods. However, there is a common misconception that a statistician's input is relevant only to sample size/power and statistical analysis sections of a protocol. Read More

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Assessment of health equity consideration in masking/PPE policies to contain COVID-19 using PROGRESS-plus framework: a systematic review.

BMC Public Health 2021 Sep 16;21(1):1682. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

School of Pharmacy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Introduction: There is increasing evidence that COVID-19 has unmasked the true magnitude of health inequity worldwide. Policies and guidance for containing the infection and reducing the COVID-19 related deaths have proven to be effective, however the extent to which health inequity factors were considered in these policies is rather unknown. The aim of this study is to measure the extent to which COVID-19 related policies reflect equity considerations by focusing on the global policy landscape around wearing masks and personal protection equipment (PPE). Read More

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September 2021

Essential but Ill-Prepared: How the COVID-19 Pandemic Affects the Mental Health of the Grocery Store Workforce.

Public Health Rep 2021 Sep 15:333549211045817. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

242715 Norton School of Family and Consumer Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Objectives: Frontline essential workers face elevated risks of exposure to COVID-19 because of the interactive nature of their jobs, which require high levels of interaction with the general public and coworkers. The impact of these elevated risks on the mental health of essential workers, especially outside the health care sector, is not well studied. To address this knowledge gap, we examined correlations between perceptions of workplace risks and mental health distress among grocery store workers in Arizona. Read More

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September 2021

ACSM Expert Consensus Statement on Exertional Heat Illness: Recognition, Management, and Return to Activity.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2021 Sep;20(9):470-484

Consortium for Health and Military Performance, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD.

Abstract: Exertional heat stroke (EHS) is a true medical emergency with potential for organ injury and death. This consensus statement emphasizes that optimal exertional heat illness management is promoted by a synchronized chain of survival that promotes rapid recognition and management, as well as communication between care teams. Health care providers should be confident in the definitions, etiologies, and nuances of exertional heat exhaustion, exertional heat injury, and EHS. Read More

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September 2021

UK Healthcare Workers' Experiences of Major System Change in Elective Surgery During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Reflections on Rapid Service Adaptation.

Int J Health Policy Manag 2021 Sep 1. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Targeted Intervention, University College London, London, UK.

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic disrupted the delivery of elective surgery in the United Kingdom. The majority of planned surgery was cancelled or postponed in March 2020 for the duration of the first wave of the pandemic. We investigated the experiences of staff responsible for delivering rapid changes to surgical services during the first wave of the pandemic in the United Kingdom, with the aim of developing lessons for future major systems change (MSC). Read More

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September 2021

Kidney failure, status passage, and the transitional nature of living with the disease: A qualitative study in Argentina.

Health (London) 2021 Sep 15:13634593211046842. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK.

The span of kidney failure (KF) has been extended by advances in treatment. To elucidate the lived experiences of people with KF, we draw on Glaser and Strauss's theory of status passage. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 50 patients with KF and 14 health professionals, from two healthcare facilities in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Read More

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September 2021

Pandemic Penetration: Factors for Measurement.

SN Comput Sci 2021 9;2(6):451. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Information Technology, Vasavi College of Engineering, Hyderabad, India.

The current Covid-19 Pandemic has thrown an immense challenge to the entire humanity. This pandemic spread across the entire globe is causing physical, economical, political, psychological and social stress. World Health Organization (WHO) is giving advisories to the nations from time to time in handling the pandemic. Read More

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September 2021

Fluorescent light energy modulates healing in skin grafted mouse model.

Open Med (Wars) 2021 27;16(1):1240-1255. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Divisions of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Critical Care, 2D2.28 Walter C MacKenzie Health Sciences Centre & Wound Healing Research Group, 161 HMRC, Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Skin grafting is often the only treatment for skin trauma when large areas of tissue are affected. This surgical intervention damages the deeper dermal layers of the skin with implications for wound healing and a risk of scar development. Photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy modulates biological processes in different tissues, with a positive effect on many cell types and pathways essential for wound healing. Read More

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Emerging infectious zoonotic diseases: The neglected role of food animals.

One Health 2021 Dec 3;13:100323. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Italy.

This paper compares the relative frequency of zoonotic disease emergence associated with food animals versus emergence from other animal sources and explores differences in disease characteristics and drivers of emergence between the two sources. It draws on a published compilation of 202 Emerging Infectious Zoonotic Disease (EIZD) events for the period 1940-2004. Of the 202 zoonotic EID events in the dataset, 74 (36. Read More

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December 2021

Critical Factors Favoring Outward Physician Migration from an Affluent Gulf Country.

Risk Manag Healthc Policy 2021 7;14:3721-3727. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Medicine, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Background: Physician retention is essential to creating a strong and stable healthcare system worldwide. The density of physicians and nurses significantly impacts important population health outcomes. Globalization has enabled the mobility of physicians, but the recruitment and retention of quality physicians have not been without challenges. Read More

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September 2021

Global accreditation practices for accelerated medically trained clinicians: a view of five countries.

Hum Resour Health 2021 Sep 14;19(1):110. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

National Conference of Bar Examiners, Madison, WI, United States of America.

Background: Shortages and maldistribution of healthcare workers persist despite efforts to increase the number of practitioners. Evidence to support policy planning and decisions is essential. The World Health Organization has proposed National Health Workforce Accounts (NHWA) to facilitate human resource information systems for effective health workforce planning and monitoring. Read More

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September 2021

Qualitative analysis of Iranian sixth five-year economic, social, and cultural development plan from universal health coverage perspective.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Sep 14;21(1):966. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Knowledge Utilization Research Center, University Research and Development Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: This research analyzed the Sixth Five-Year Economic, Social, and Cultural Development Plan of the Islamic Republic of Iran (6NPD) to shed light on how the plan addresses the Universal Health Coverage (UHC).

Methods: This research was a qualitative study. We systematically analyzed 'Secs. Read More

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September 2021

A panel empirical modeling on the driving factors of provincial electricity consumption in China.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

School of Economics and Management, North China Electric Power University, Beijing, 102206, China.

This study aims to explore the relationships between electricity consumption and per capita GDP, urbanization rate, and the proportion of tertiary industry in China during 2005-2018. The results demonstrate that electricity consumption and its determinants are cointegrated. Then fully modified ordinary least square (FMOLS) and fixed effect with varying coefficients and intercept techniques are used to explore the relationships. Read More

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September 2021

Electroconvulsive Therapy in Canada During the First Wave of COVID-19: Results of the "What Happened" National Survey.

J ECT 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

From the Interventional Psychiatry Program, Mental Health and Addictions Service, St Michael's Hospital Temerty Centre for Therapeutic Brain Intervention, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto Centre for Mental Health, University Health Network Library and Information Services, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, University Health Network Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine Institute of Health Policy, Management, and Evaluation, University of Toronto Department of Anesthesia Centre for Clinical Ethics, St Michael's Hospital Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto Department of Infection Prevention and Control, University Health Network Department of Psychiatry, North York General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the provision of essential and potentially life-saving procedural treatments such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). We surveyed ECT providers across Canada to understand how the first wave of the pandemic affected ECT delivery between mid-March 2020 and mid-May 2020.

Methods: The survey was administered to ECT team members and decision makers at 107 Canadian health care centers with a focus on 5 domains: operations, decision-making, hospital resources, ECT procedure, and patient impact. Read More

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September 2021