2,113 results match your criteria ess group

Sleep symptomatology is associated with greater subjective cognitive concerns: Findings from the community-based Healthy Brain Project.

Sleep 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

The Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

Study Objectives: To examine if sleep symptomatology was associated with subjective cognitive concerns or objective cognitive performance in a dementia-free community-based sample.

Methods: A total of 1421 middle-aged participants (mean±standard deviation = 57±7; 77% female) from the Healthy Brain Project completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) to measure sleep quality, insomnia symptom severity, and daytime sleepiness, respectively. Participants were classified as having no sleep symptomatology (normal scores on each sleep measure), moderate sleep symptomatology (abnormal scores on one sleep measure), or high sleep symptomatology (abnormal scores on at least two sleep measures), using established cut-off values. Read More

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Increased prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in women diagnosed with endometrial or breast cancer.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(4):e0249099. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Ludwig Engel Centre for Respiratory Research, The Westmead Institute for Medical Research, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Epidemiological studies demonstrate associations between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cancer incidence and mortality. The aim of this study was to measure OSA in women with breast (BC) or endometrial cancer (EC) and associations with clinico-pathological tumor variables.

Methods And Findings: In a cross sectional study, women with BC (12 months) or EC (3 months) post-diagnosis were recruited from cancer clinics. Read More

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Quantification of Training Load Relative to Match Load of Youth National Team Soccer Players.

Sports Health 2021 Apr 5:19417381211004902. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Health Sciences and Sport Medicine, University of Physical Education, Budapest, Hungary.

Background: Previous studies have examined the training load relative to match load in club settings. The aims of this study were to (1) quantify the external training load relative to match load in days before a subsequent international game and (2) examine the cumulative training load in relation to match load of U-17 national team field soccer players.

Hypothesis: Volume and intensity load parameters will vary between trainings; the farthermost trainings have the highest load gradually decreasing toward the match. Read More

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Can attention bias modification augment the effect of CBT for anxiety disorders? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Mar 22;299:113892. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Nanjing Brain Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China; Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Institute of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China; Functional Brain Imaging Institute of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China.

Attention Bias Modification (ABM) is a novel computerized therapy for anxiety disorders and is thought to augment the effect of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) as it may target different mechanisms. Recently, a growing number of studies have examined the combined effects of ABM and CBT on clinically anxious patients, with mixed results. This review examined the combined efficacy of ABM and CBT. Read More

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Patterns of Eating Associated with Sleep Characteristics: A Pilot Study among Individuals of Mexican Descent at the US-Mexico Border.

Behav Sleep Med 2021 Mar 31:1-12. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Sleep Health and Research Program, Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.

: Previous studies have linked sleep to risk of diabetes and obesity, at least partially via alterations in food intake. Diabetes and obesity are common among Hispanics/Latinos, and studies are needed to better clarify the role of sleep in health among this group. Utilizing the revised TFEQ-R-18, this study will examine whether eating behaviors such as cognitive restraint, emotional eating and uncontrolled eating are related to self-reported sleep experiences. Read More

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Cumulative risk of compromised physical, mental and social health in adulthood due to family conflict and financial strain during childhood: a retrospective analysis based on survey data representative of 19 European countries.

BMJ Glob Health 2021 Mar;6(3)

Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Childhood adversity (CA) has previously been linked to various health problems in adulthood. Investigations into the differential impact of distinct types of CA on a wide range of outcomes are scarce. This study aimed to assess the impact of self-reported childhood family conflict and/or financial strain on health and social functioning in adulthood among Europeans, while taking into account the mediating role of adulthood socioeconomic disadvantage (SED) in these associations. Read More

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Compromised Dynamic Cerebral Autoregulation in Patients With Central Disorders of Hypersomnolence.

Front Neurol 2021 11;12:634660. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Neurology, Clinical Trial and Research Center for Stroke, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

We aimed to investigate the dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA) in patients with central disorders of hypersomnolence during wakefulness. Thirty-six patients with central disorders of hypersomnolence were divided into three groups according to polysomnography and multiple sleep latency test results: the idiopathic hypersomnia group (IH), narcolepsy type 1 without rapid-eye-movement sleep behavior disorder group (NT1-RBD), and narcolepsy type 1 with rapid-eye-movement sleep behavior disorder group (NT1 + RBD), with 12 patients in each group. Twelve sex- and age-matched healthy controls were recruited. Read More

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Preoperative gabapentin versus bisoprolol for haemodynamic and surgical field optimisation during endoscopic sinus surgery: A randomised controlled trial.

Indian J Anaesth 2021 Feb 10;65(2):121-127. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Alsharqiah, Egypt.

Background And Aims: Appropriate premedication can optimise haemodynamics and hence surgical field visibility during endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). This study aimed to compare the intraoperative effect of gabapentin 1200 mg versus bisoprolol 2.5 mg, given 2 hours before ESS. Read More

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February 2021

Relationship between overweight, obesity and sleep disorders in adolescents from selected cities of Upper Silesia, Poland.

Ann Agric Environ Med 2021 Mar 17;28(1):193-197. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Chair and Department of Medicine and Environmental Epidemiology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Introduction: Overweight and obesity affect an increasing number of children and adolescents in Poland. This excessive body weight usually coexists with sleep disorders and other afflictions, which is worrisome.

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and sleep disorders among adolescents and demonstrate their relationships. Read More

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Functional autonomy in dementia of the Alzheimer's type, mild cognitive impairment, and healthy aging: a meta-analysis.

Neurol Sci 2021 May 18;42(5):1773-1783. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Psychology, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Caserta, Italy.

Background: Activities of daily living (ADL) are fundamental skills required to independently care for oneself and are categorized in basic (BADLs) and instrumental (IADLs) activities of daily living. ADL evaluation is of paramount importance in clinical practice to discriminate between healthy individuals (HC) and patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, it is unclear whether and to what extent BADL and IADL deficits occur in MCI, when compared with AD. Read More

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Efficacy of pitolisant in patients with high burden of narcolepsy symptoms: pooled analysis of short-term, placebo-controlled studies.

Sleep Med 2021 Feb 24;81:210-217. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.

Study Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of pitolisant, a histamine 3 (H)-receptor antagonist/inverse agonist, in adult patients with high burden of narcolepsy symptoms.

Methods: Data were pooled from two randomized, placebo-controlled, 7- or 8-week studies of pitolisant (titrated to a potential maximum dose of 35.6 mg/day) in adults with narcolepsy. Read More

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February 2021

Effect of healthcare benefits on short-term adherence of positive airway pressure therapy.

Clin Respir J 2021 Mar 15. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, National Police Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.

Purpose: The objective of this study was to assess the impact of healthcare benefits on adherence to positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients.

Methods: Medical records of OSA patients at the Veterans Health Service Medical Center were retrospectively reviewed. OSA patients were assigned to two groups as the date of prescribing PAP: after (=Group A) and before (=Group B) July 1, 2018 when PAP therapy starts to be included in healthcare insurance coverage for OSA patients in South Korea. Read More

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The Complex Interaction Between the Major Sleep Symptoms, the Severity of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, and Sleep Quality.

Front Psychiatry 2021 25;12:630162. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Division of Pulmonology, Department of Clinical Therapeutics, School of Medicine, Alexandra Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Little information exists in the general population whether clinical presentation phenotypes of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) differ in terms of sleep quality and comorbidities. The purpose of our study was to assess possible differences between symptomatic and asymptomatic OSA patients concerning syndrome's severity, patients' sleep quality, and comorbidities. First, in a nationwide, stratified, epidemiological survey, 4,118 Cypriot adult participants were interviewed about sleep habits and complaints. Read More

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February 2021

Effects of telemedicine interventions in improving continuous positive airway pressure adherence in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

Sleep Breath 2021 Mar 10. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, China.

Purpose: This meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effects of telemedicine interventions on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA).

Methods: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, OVID, Web of Science and EBSCO host databases were searched from January 2004 to February 2020 for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that assessed the effects of telemedicine interventions on CPAP adherence in patients with OSA. The study inclusion criteria were RCTs that compared patients who received telemedicine interventions with a control group and reported a change in CPAP adherence. Read More

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Effect of endoscopic sinus surgery on clinical outcomes in DeltaF508 cystic fibrosis patients.

Clin Otolaryngol 2021 Mar 8. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

St. Paul's Sinus Centre, Division of Otolaryngology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Objectives: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is prevalent in the Cystic Fibrosis (CF) population. CRS exacerbations in CF are thought to contribute to pulmonary exacerbations. Literature regarding the impact of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is inconclusive. Read More

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Oral Corticosteroids Following Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Chronic Rhinosinusitis Without Nasal Polyposis: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Mar 4. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Stanford, California.

Importance: Although oral corticosteroids are commonly prescribed following endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) without nasal polyposis, there are little data to suggest that this is a beneficial practice.

Objective: To assess the efficacy of oral corticosteroids following ESS in CRS without polyps.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This prospective double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized noninferiority clinical trial conducted in a single academic tertiary rhinology practice included adults with CRS without polyps undergoing ESS. Read More

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Postoperative Debridement versus No Debridement in Chronic Rhinosinusitis.

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Jan;33(114):15-21

Otorhinolaryngology Research Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: This study aimed to assess the long-term effects of postoperative debridement on the 4 and 8 postoperative weeks versus no debridement in terms of subjective and objective outcomes.

Materials And Methods: The statistical population of this study (n=80) consisted of 40 patients having chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) and 40 patients having chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyposis (CRSsNP). These samples were randomly divided into two groups of debridement and control. Read More

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January 2021

Nasal polyp eosinophilia and FeNO may predict asthma symptoms development after endoscopic sinus surgery in CRS patients without asthma.

J Asthma 2021 Mar 15:1-9. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Nagoya City University School of Medical Sciences, Aichi, Japan.

Background: Asthma is a significant comorbidity of eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Type2-driven biomarkers such as sinus tissue eosinophilia and fractional nitric oxide (FeNO) may be utilized to detect high risk patients who develop asthma symptoms after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in CRS patients.

Methods: Thirty-six CRS patients without asthma who agreed to undergo ESS between October 2015 and December 2017 were prospectively observed for 12 months following ESS. Read More

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Self-Management Group Education to Reduce Fear of Hypoglycemia as a Barrier to Physical Activity in Adults Living With Type 1 Diabetes: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

Can J Diabetes 2021 Jan 13. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Physical Activity and Well-being Research Group, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; Curtin School of Population Health/Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a theory-driven group education intervention designed to reduce fear of hypoglycemia (FoH) as a barrier to physical activity (PA) in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D).

Methods: This study was a single-blinded, pilot randomized controlled trial of adults aged 18 to 65 years and living with T1D in Western Australia. Participants were randomized (1:1) to standard care or intervention with self-management education. Read More

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January 2021

Effect of add-on melatonin on seizure outcome, neuronal damage, oxidative stress, and quality of life in generalized epilepsy with generalized onset motor seizures in adults: A randomized controlled trial.

J Neurosci Res 2021 Feb 27. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India.

Epilepsy treatment is challenging because of multiple impediments like lack of efficacy of monotherapy, adverse drug reactions, and different comorbidities. Add-on therapy to first-line antiepileptics may be the option to overcome therapeutic hurdles. The present randomized, double-blind, add-on placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of add-on melatonin in the treatment of generalized epilepsy with generalized onset motor seizure in adults. Read More

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February 2021

Randomized Controlled Trial of Solriamfetol for Excessive Daytime Sleepiness in OSA: An Analysis of Subgroups Adherent or Nonadherent to OSA Treatment.

Chest 2021 Feb 22. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH.

Background: Solriamfetol, a dopamine-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, is approved in the United States to improve wakefulness in adults with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) associated with OSA (37.5-150 mg/d).

Research Question: Does solriamfetol have differential effects on EDS based on adherence to primary OSA therapy and does solriamfetol affect primary OSA therapy use?

Study Design And Methods: Participants were randomized to 12 weeks of placebo or solriamfetol 37. Read More

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February 2021

Middle turbinate handling during ESS. Our experience.

Am J Otolaryngol 2021 Feb 16;42(4):102980. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Neuroscience DNS, Otolaryngology Section, Padova University, Via Giustiniani 2, 35128 Padova, Italy. Electronic address:

Purpose: The treatment of middle turbinate (MT) during endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) remains a controversial issue. Several authors recommended preservation of MT to avoid complications, but MT resection is sometimes necessary. In the last years, our group has applied an original surgical technique to preserve MT, stabilize its head and ensure patency of the ostiomeatal complex (OMC) in ESS. Read More

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February 2021

Impedance-pH monitoring Profile of Patients with Reflux and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome: A Controlled Study.

Clin Otolaryngol 2021 Feb 23. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Study Group of Young-Otolaryngologists of the International Federations of Oto-rhino-laryngological Societies (YO-IFOS).

Objective: To study the profile of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) at the hypopharyngeal-esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring (HEMII-pH) and to compare their reflux findings with LPR patients without OSAS.

Design: Prospective controlled study.

Methods: Patients with LPR and OSAS were prospectively recruited from Augustus 2019 to June 2020. Read More

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February 2021

The relationship between Thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy and Gestational diabetes mellitus.

Endokrynol Pol 2021 Feb 23. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University -Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria;Clinic of Endocrinology, University Hospital "Alexanrdovska", 1" St. George Sofiyski" st, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria.

Background: Thyroid dysfunction and gestational diabetes are the two most common endocrine disorders that can be observed during pregnancy. Thyroid function abnormalities could be associated with insulin resistance (IR) and changes in carbohydrate metabolism. In patients with type 1 diabetes, thyroid function is usually evaluated to rule out abnormalities within a second autoimmune disease. Read More

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February 2021