56,074 results match your criteria erk

Oncogene-regulated release of extracellular vesicles.

Dev Cell 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Cell and Tissue Biology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA; Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA; Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. Electronic address:

Oncogenes can alter metabolism by changing the balance between anabolic and catabolic processes. However, how oncogenes regulate tumor cell biomass remains poorly understood. Using isogenic MCF10A cells transformed with nine different oncogenes, we show that specific oncogenes reduce the biomass of cancer cells by promoting extracellular vesicle (EV) release. Read More

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MMP-7 affects peritoneal ultrafiltration associated with elevated aquaporin-1 expression via MAPK/ERK pathway in peritoneal mesothelial cells.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Nephrology, State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, National Clinical Research Center of Kidney Disease, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Renal Failure Research, Guangzhou Regenerative Medicine and Health Guangdong Laboratory, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Peritoneal membrane dysfunction and the resulting ultrafiltration failure are the major disadvantages of long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD). It becomes increasingly clear that mesothelial cells play a vital role in the pathophysiological changes of the peritoneal membrane. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) function in the extracellular environment of cells and mediate extracellular matrix turnover during peritoneal membrane homeostasis. Read More

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Cabozantinib promotes erythroid differentiation in K562 erythroleukemia cells through global changes in gene expression and JNK activation.

Cancer Gene Ther 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences and Medical Biotechnology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Cabozantinib is a potent tyrosine kinase inhibitor with multiple targets including MET, VEGFR2, RET, KIT, and FLT3. Cabozantinib is widely used for the treatment of medullary thyroid cancer and renal cell carcinoma. We recently suggested cabozantinib as a potential therapeutic alternative for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with FLT3-internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD). Read More

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The Dickkopf1 and FOXM1 positive feedback loop promotes tumor growth in pancreatic and esophageal cancers.

Oncogene 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Japan.

Dickkopf1 (DKK1) is overexpressed in various cancers and promotes cancer cell proliferation by binding to cytoskeleton-associated protein 4 (CKAP4). However, the mechanisms underlying DKK1 expression are poorly understood. RNA sequence analysis revealed that expression of the transcription factor forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) and its target genes concordantly fluctuated with expression of DKK1 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells. Read More

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COL11A1 activates cancer-associated fibroblasts by modulating TGF-β3 through the NF-κB/IGFBP2 axis in ovarian cancer cells.

Oncogene 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Ovarian cancer has a unique tumor microenvironment (TME) that enables cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) to interact with cellular and matrix constituents and influence tumor development and migration into the peritoneal cavity. Collagen type XI alpha 1 (COL11A1) is overexpressed in CAFs; therefore this study examines its role during CAF activation in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Coculturing human ovarian fibroblasts (HOFs) with high COL11A1-expressing EOC cells or exposure to the conditioned medium of these cells prompted the expression of COL11A1 and CAF phenotypes. Read More

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Acute effects of 2.856 GHz and 1.5 GHz microwaves on spatial memory abilities and CREB-related pathways.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 11;11(1):12348. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Experimental Pathology, Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

This study aimed to evaluate the acute effects of 2.856 GHz and 1.5 GHz microwaves on spatial memory and cAMP response element binding (CREB)-related pathways. Read More

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Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy β-cardiac myosin mutation (P710R) leads to hypercontractility by disrupting super relaxed state.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Jun;118(24)

Department of Pediatrics (Cardiology), Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94304;

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common inherited form of heart disease, associated with over 1,000 mutations, many in β-cardiac myosin (MYH7). Molecular studies of myosin with different HCM mutations have revealed a diversity of effects on ATPase and load-sensitive rate of detachment from actin. It has been difficult to predict how such diverse molecular effects combine to influence forces at the cellular level and further influence cellular phenotypes. Read More

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Deletion of and causes abnormal skull morphology and global developmental delay.

Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud 2021 Jun 11;7(3). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York 10029, USA.

The ETS2 repressor factor (ERF) is a transcription factor in the RAS-MEK-ERK signal transduction cascade that regulates cell proliferation and differentiation, and pathogenic sequence variants in the gene cause variable craniosynostosis inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. The reported variants are largely loss-of-function, implying haploinsufficiency as a primary disease mechanism; however, gene deletions have not been reported previously. Here we describe three probands with macrocephaly, craniofacial dysmorphology, and global developmental delay. Read More

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Dencichine prevents ovariectomy-induced bone loss and inhibits osteoclastogenesis by inhibiting RANKL-associated NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways.

J Pharmacol Sci 2021 Aug 3;146(4):206-215. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Orthopaedics, Yancheng City No.1 People's Hospital, Yancheng, Jiangsu 224006, China. Electronic address:

Aims: To investigate the effect of dencichine on osteoclastogenesis in vivo and in vitro.

Methods: RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis were treated with different concentrations of dencichine. Pit forming assays were applied to evaluate the degree of bone resorption. Read More

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High fat induces activation of the tryptophan-ERK-CREB pathway and promotes bone absorption in cage layers.

Poult Sci 2021 Mar 22;100(7):101149. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, PR China.

Cage layer fatigue is a common metabolic disease associated with a calcium and phosphorus imbalance, but recently we found this disease can be led by high fat diet. In order to elucidate the pathogenesis induced by a high fat diet, we randomly divided 88 White Shell Roman layers into 2 groups. There were 44 layers in each group. Read More

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Ochratoxin A induces ERK1/2 phosphorylation-dependent apoptosis through NF-κB/ERK axis in human proximal tubule HK-2 cell line.

Toxicon 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Bogazici University, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Molecular Toxicology and Cancer Research Laboratory, Bebek-Istanbul, 34342, Turkey; Bogazici University, Center for Life Sciences and Technologies, Bebek-Istanbul, 34342, Turkey. Electronic address:

Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a food contaminant mycotoxin with hazardous effects on human and animal health, primarily affecting the kidneys. OTA's mode of action is not well understood. OTA activates both MAPK/ERK and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways, which play role in apoptosis and cell survival, respectively. Read More

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Renoprotective effects of levosimendan on acute kidney injury following cardiac arrest via anti-inflammation, anti-apoptosis and ERK activation.

FEBS Open Bio 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Emergency, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

ATP-sensitive potassium channels (KATPs) have protective effects in ischemia-reperfusion-induced injuries and can be activated by levosimendan. This study investigated the effects of levosimendan on renal injury, inflammation, apoptosis and survival in a rat model of acute kidney injury (AKI) following cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Rats underwent a 5-minute asphyxia-based CA and resuscitation. Read More

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Damaging effects of TiO nanoparticles on the ovarian cells of Bombyx mori.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

School of Basic Medicine and Biological Sciences, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, 215123, People's Republic of China.

As a new type of biologically compatible material, TiO NPs are widely used in the industry as additives, drug carriers, and components of skin care products. Due to their wide use, residual TiO NPs in the environment are a safety concern that has attracted extensive attention. In this study, the ovarian cell line BmN of the model organism Bombyx mori was used to reveal the damaging effects of TiO NPs exposure. Read More

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Role of HOXC10 in Cancer.

Front Oncol 2021 25;11:684021. Epub 2021 May 25.

Central Laboratory, Affiliated Jinhua Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Jinhua, China.

The HOXC10 gene, a member of the HOX genes family, plays crucial roles in mammalian physiological processes, such as limb morphological development, limb regeneration, and lumbar motor neuron differentiation. HOXC10 is also associated with angiogenesis, fat metabolism, and sex regulation. Additional evidence suggests that HOXC10 dysregulation is closely associated with various tumors. Read More

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Improving NKCC1 Function Increases the Excitability of DRG Neurons Exacerbating Pain Induced After TRPV1 Activation of Primary Sensory Neurons.

Front Cell Neurosci 2021 25;15:665596. Epub 2021 May 25.

The Key Laboratory of Xinjiang Endemic and Ethnic Diseases, Department of Physiology, Shihezi University Medical College, Shihezi, China.

Our aim was to investigate the effects of the protein expression and the function of sodium, potassium, and chloride co-transporter (NKCC1) in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) after activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 receptor (TRPV1) in capsaicin-induced acute inflammatory pain and the possible mechanism of action. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, capsaicin, and inhibitor groups. The expression and distribution of TRPV1 and NKCC1 in rat DRG were observed by immunofluorescence. Read More

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The Short-Chain Fatty Acid Receptor GPR43 Modulates YAP/TAZ via RhoA.

Mol Cells 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Disease Target Structure Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), Daejeon 34141, Korea.

GPR43 (also known as FFAR2 or FFA2) is a G-protein-coupled receptor primarily expressed in immune cells, enteroendocrine cells and adipocytes that recognizes short-chain fatty acids, such as acetate, propionate, and butyrate, likely to be implicated in innate immunity and host energy homeostasis. Activated GPR43 suppresses the cAMP level and induces Ca flux via coupling to Gα and Gα families, respectively. Additionally, GPR43 is reported to facilitate phosphorylation of ERK through G-protein-dependent pathways and interacts with β-arrestin 2 to inhibit NF-κB signaling. Read More

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Extracellular vesicles from patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome impact on ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Pharmacol Res 2021 Jun 7;170:105715. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. Electronic address:

The relevance of extracellular vesicles (EV) as mediators of cardiac damage or recovery upon Ischemia Reperfusion Injury (IRI) and Remote Ischemic PreConditioning (RIPC) is controversial. This study aimed to investigate whether serum-derived EV, recovered from patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) and subjected to the RIPC or sham procedures, may be a suitable therapeutic approach to prevent IRI during Percutaneous-Coronary-Intervention (PCI). A double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled study (NCT02195726) has been extended, and EV were recovered from 30 patients who were randomly assigned (1:1) to undergo the RIPC- (EV-RIPC) or sham-procedures (EV-naive) before PCI. Read More

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KRAS-dependent cancer cells promote survival by producing exosomes enriched in Survivin.

Cancer Lett 2021 Jun 8;517:66-77. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Molecular Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Mutations in KRAS frequently occur in human cancer and are especially prevalent in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), where they have been shown to promote aggressive phenotypes. However, targeting this onco-protein has proven to be challenging, highlighting the need to further identify the various mechanisms used by KRAS to drive cancer progression. Here, we considered the role played by exosomes, a specific class of extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived from the endocytic cellular trafficking machinery, in mediating the ability of KRAS to promote cell survival. Read More

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Depalmitoylation Rewires FLT3-ITD Signaling and Exacerbates Leukemia Progression.

Blood 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, United States.

Internal tandem duplication within FLT3 (FLT3-ITD) is one of the most frequent mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and correlates with poor prognosis. While FLT3 receptor tyrosine kinase is activated at the plasma membrane to transduce PI3K/AKT and RAS/MAPK signaling, FLT3-ITD resides in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and triggers constitutive STAT5 phosphorylation. Mechanisms underlying this aberrant FLT3-ITD subcellular localization or its impact on leukemogenesis remain poorly established. Read More

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Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2/B1 regulates the ERK and p53/HDM2 signaling pathways to promote the survival, proliferation and migration of non‑small cell lung cancer cells.

Oncol Rep 2021 Aug 10;46(2). Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Integrative Bioscience and Biotechnology, Institute of Anticancer Medicine Development, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Republic of Korea.

Lung cancer is the most frequent cause of cancer‑associated mortality worldwide. Upregulation of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2/B1 (hnRNPA2/B1) has been reported in non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells, but its contribution to NSCLC remains poorly understood. hnRNPA2/B1 is involved in carcinogenesis by interacting with a number of proteins; however, little is known about its interaction with p53. Read More

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Dynamic loading enhances chondrogenesis of human chondrocytes within a biodegradable resilient hydrogel.

Biomater Sci 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15217, USA. and Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh Swanson School of Engineering, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, USA and McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, USA.

Hyaline cartilage in the knee joint is a soft tissue that is both stiff and elastic, which raises unique challenges in developing scaffolds for the repair of cartilage injury. In this study, we mixed poly-d,l-lactic acid/polyethylene glycol/poly-d,l-lactic acid (PEG-PDLLA-DA) with polycaprolactone-poly(ethylene glycol)-polycaprolactone (PEG-PCL-DA) with the aim to create a cartilage-like hydrogel. Results indicated that the hydrogel made from PEG-PDLLA-DA/PEG-PCL-DA (50/50) was biodegradable and resilient, able to bear compressive loads with strains up to 50%. Read More

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Gastrodin Attenuates Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammatory Response and Migration via the Notch-1 Signaling Pathway in Activated Microglia.

Neuromolecular Med 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Science and Technology Achievement Incubation Center, Kunming Medical University, 1168 West Chunrong Road, Yuhua Avenue, Kunming, 650500, Yunnan, People's Republic of China.

Microglia-mediated neuroinflammation is known to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of different neurological diseases. Gastrodin, a phenolic glucoside, has been reported to exert anti-inflammatory effects in activated microglia challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS); however, the underlying mechanism has remained obscure. The present study aimed to ascertain if Gastrodin would regulate the Notch signaling pathway involved in microglia activation. Read More

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MicroRNA‑142‑3p suppresses cell proliferation, invasion and epithelial‑to‑mesenchymal transition via RAC1‑ERK1/2 signaling in colorectal cancer.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Aug 10;24(2). Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Pathology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University, Haikou, Hainan 570102, P.R. China.

Aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) is associated with the initiation and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC), but how they regulate colorectal tumorigenesis is still unknown. The present study was designed to investigate the expression profile of miRNAs in human CRC tissues, and to reveal the molecular mechanism of miRNA‑142‑3p in suppressing colon cancer cell proliferation. The expression of miRNA was examined using an Exiqon miRNA array. Read More

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Redefining IL11 as a regeneration-limiting hepatotoxin and therapeutic target in acetaminophen-induced liver injury.

Sci Transl Med 2021 Jun;13(597)

Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disorders Program, Duke-National University of Singapore Medical School, Singapore 169857, Singapore.

Acetaminophen (-acetyl--aminophenol; APAP) toxicity is a common cause of liver damage. In the mouse model of APAP-induced liver injury (AILI), interleukin 11 (IL11) is highly up-regulated and administration of recombinant human IL11 (rhIL11) has been shown to be protective. Here, we demonstrate that the beneficial effect of rhIL11 in the mouse model of AILI is due to its inhibition of endogenous mouse IL11 activity. Read More

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ERK activation via A1542/3 limonoids attenuates erythroleukemia through transcriptional stimulation of cholesterol biosynthesis genes.

BMC Cancer 2021 Jun 9;21(1):680. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

State Key Laboratory for Functions and Applications of Medicinal Plants, Guizhou Medical University, Province Science City, High Tech Zone, Baiyun District, Guiyang, 550014, Guizhou Province, People's Republic of China.

Background: Cholesterol plays vital roles in human physiology; abnormal levels have deleterious pathological consequences. In cancer, elevated or reduced expression of cholesterol biosynthesis is associated with good or poor prognosis, but the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. The limonoid compounds A1542 and A1543 stimulate ERK/MAPK by direct binding, leading to leukemic cell death and suppression of leukemia in mouse models. Read More

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GPR34-mediated sensing of lysophosphatidylserine released by apoptotic neutrophils activates type 3 innate lymphoid cells to mediate tissue repair.

Immunity 2021 Jun;54(6):1123-1136.e8

Department of Geriatrics, First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230036, China; Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, CAS Key Laboratory of Innate Immunity and Chronic Disease, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China; CAS Centre for Excellence in Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China. Electronic address:

Neutrophils migrate rapidly to damaged tissue and play critical roles in host defense and tissue homeostasis. Here we investigated the mechanisms whereby neutrophils participate in tissue repair. In an intestinal epithelia injury model, neutrophil depletion exacerbated colitis and associated with reduced interleukin (IL)-22 and limited activation of type 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3s). Read More

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: manipulation of signaling pathways to inhibit host cell apoptosis.

Ther Adv Infect Dis 2021 Jan-Dec;8:20499361211014977. Epub 2021 May 27.

Departamento de Microbiología, Centro de Investigación en Ciencias de la Salud, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Anáhuac México Campus Norte, Av. Universidad Anáhuac 46, Col. Lomas Anáhuac, Huixquilucán Estado de México, Naucalpan, 52786, México.

The maintenance of homeostasis in living systems requires the elimination of unwanted cells which is performed, among other mechanisms, by type I cell death or apoptosis. This type of programmed cell death involves several morphological changes such as cytoplasm shrinkage, chromatin condensation (pyknosis), nuclear fragmentation (karyorrhexis), and plasma membrane blebbing that culminate with the formation of apoptotic bodies. In addition to the maintenance of homeostasis, apoptosis also represents an important defense mechanism for cells against intracellular microorganisms. Read More

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CEP55 Positively Affects Tumorigenesis of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Is Correlated with Poor Prognosis.

J Oncol 2021 18;2021:8890715. Epub 2021 May 18.

Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, China.

Centrosomal protein 55 (CEP55) is a centrosome- and midbody-associated protein that is overexpressed in several cancers. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of CEP55-mediated progression and metastasis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is not clear. In the current study, we detected CEP55 mRNA by qRT-PCR while protein expression was detected by western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Read More

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D. Don Polysaccharides Inhibit High Glucose-Induced Proliferation and Angiogenesis of Retinal Vascular Endothelial Cells.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 31;14:2431-2440. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Ophthalmology, Jingmen NO.2 People's Hospital, Jingmen, 448000, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: The traditional Chinese medicine D. Don () has been reported to exhibit anti-cancer and anti-inflammation activities. The ethanol extract of has been confirmed to attenuate diabetic retinopathy (DR). Read More

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Oncogenic BRAF, unrestrained by TGFβ-receptor signalling, drives right-sided colonic tumorigenesis.

Nat Commun 2021 06 8;12(1):3464. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

EMBL Australia, John Curtin School of Medical Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

Right-sided (proximal) colorectal cancer (CRC) has a poor prognosis and a distinct mutational profile, characterized by oncogenic BRAF mutations and aberrations in mismatch repair and TGFβ signalling. Here, we describe a mouse model of right-sided colon cancer driven by oncogenic BRAF and loss of epithelial TGFβ-receptor signalling. The proximal colonic tumours that develop in this model exhibit a foetal-like progenitor phenotype (Ly6a/Sca1) and, importantly, lack expression of Lgr5 and its associated intestinal stem cell signature. Read More

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