23,610 results match your criteria epidemiological situation


Epidemiological analysis of African swine fever in the European Union (September 2019 to August 2020).

EFSA J 2021 May 6;19(5):e06572. Epub 2021 May 6.

An update on the African swine fever (ASF) situation in the 10 affected Member States (MS) in the EU and in two neighbouring countries from the 1 September 2019 until the 31 August 2020 is provided. The dynamics of the proportions of PCR- and ELISA-positive samples since the first ASF detection in the country were provided and seasonal patterns were investigated. The impact of the ASF epidemic on the annual numbers of hunted wild boar in each affected MS was investigated. Read More

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Uptake of Hearing Aids and Hearing Assistive Technology in a Working Population: Longitudinal Analyses of The Netherlands Longitudinal Study on Hearing.

Ear Hear 2021 Feb 4. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

1Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Ear & Hearing, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands 2Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands 3Research & Development, Sonova AG, Stäfa, Switzerland.

Objective: To identify predictors of the 5-year uptake of hearing aids (HAs) and hearing assistive technology (HAT) in a sample of Dutch employees eligible for HAs and/or HAT. The potential predictors included demographic factors (age, sex, marital status, and living situation), education, hearing factors (ability to recognize speech in noise and self-reported hearing disability), distress, self-efficacy, and work-related factors (job demand, job control, and need for recovery).

Design: Five-year follow-up data of the Netherlands Longitudinal Study on Hearing (NL-SH) collected until January 2019 were included. Read More

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February 2021

Post-outbreak serological screening for SARS-CoV-2 infection in healthcare workers at a Swedish University Hospital.

Infect Dis (Lond) 2021 May 11:1-6. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Faculty of Medicine, Division of Infection Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Background: Nosocomial outbreaks of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can have devastating consequences from both a resource cost and patient healthcare perspective. Relying on reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for identifying infected individuals may result in missed cases. Screening for antibodies after an outbreak can help to find missed cases and better illuminate routes of transmission. Read More

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Potential Mechanisms of COVID-19-Related Psychological Problems and Mental Disorders.

Authors:
Alfred Shaw

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1318:727-735

Network of Immunity in Infection, Malignancy and Autoimmunity (NIIMA), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN), Beijing, China.

As the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has spread, so has the psychological impact of the disease been felt worldwide. Despite this, the mechanisms of COVID-19-related psychological problems and mental disorders remain unclear. As such, effective therapeutic schemes or intervention strategies cannot be developed. Read More

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The Incubation Period of COVID-19: Current Understanding and Modeling Technique.

Authors:
Char Leung

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1318:81-90

Deakin University, Burwood, VIC, Australia.

This chapter aims to answer the following questions regarding the incubation period of COVID-19. Why is understanding the incubation period of COVID-19 important? How long is the incubation time, and what are the associating factors? How should the incubation period be modeled given the current pandemic situation? Where should we go from here? As a critical epidemiological metric, the incubation period is of public health and clinical importance. While the incubation time of COVID-19 is generally similar to that of SARS and MERS, recent studies identifying factors that impact the incubation period of COVID-19, travel history, for example, only tell part of the story. Read More

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The Psychological Impact of COVID-19 Among Pakistani Adults in Lahore.

Front Public Health 2021 21;9:578366. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Psychology, Forman Christian College: A Chartered University, Lahore, Pakistan.

In the wake of the worldwide spread of the novel coronavirus and the resultant restrictive measures, mental health has become a crucial issue. Physical health is not the only aspect of humans that is at risk. Globally, the rates and severity of mental illness are being significantly impacted by this pandemic. Read More

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Quality of life in patients with Marfan syndrome: a cross-sectional study of 102 adult patients.

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2021 Apr;11(2):602-610

Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Chair of Sport Psychology, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background: Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a genetically determined multiorgan disease that leads to severe physiological and psychological impairments in adult life. Little consensus exists regarding quality of life (QOL) in individuals with MFS. The present study sought to investigate QOL in a representative cohort of adults with MFS. Read More

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Trends in cardiovascular diseases burden and vascular risk factors in Italy: The Global Burden of Disease study 1990-2017.

Eur J Prev Cardiol 2021 May;28(4):385-396

School of Medicine and Surgery, Research Centre on Public Health (CESP), University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.

Aims: An exhaustive and updated estimation of cardiovascular disease burden and vascular risk factors is still lacking in European countries. This study aims to fill this gap assessing the global Italian cardiovascular disease burden and its changes from 1990 to 2017 and comparing the Italian situation with European countries.

Methods: All accessible data sources from the 2017 Global Burden of Disease study were used to estimate the cardiovascular disease prevalence, mortality and disability-adjusted life years and cardiovascular disease attributable risk factors burden in Italy from 1990 to 2017. Read More

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Epidemiological and entomological studies of malaria transmission in Tibati, Adamawa region of Cameroon 6 years following the introduction of long-lasting insecticide nets.

Parasit Vectors 2021 May 8;14(1):247. Epub 2021 May 8.

Service de Paludisme du Centre Pasteur Cameroun, BP 1274, Yaounde, Cameroon.

Background: Malaria remains a serious public health problem in Cameroon. Implementation of control interventions requires prior knowledge of the local epidemiological situation. Here we report the results of epidemiological and entomological surveys carried out in Tibati, Adamawa Region, Cameroon, an area where malaria transmission is seasonal, 6 years after the introduction of long-lasting insecticidal bed nets. Read More

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Sensitivity of bovine tuberculosis surveillance through intradermal tests in cattle in France: An evaluation of different scenarios.

Prev Vet Med 2021 Apr 24;191:105364. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

INRAE, Oniris, BIOEPAR, 44300, Nantes, France. Electronic address:

The current situation regarding bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in Europe is spatially heterogeneous, with stagnating or increasing trends in bTB prevalence in many European regions, underlying the challenge in controlling this disease. In France, in spite of the implementation of two control programs in 2010-2012 to eradicate the disease and maintain the bTB-free status, bTB prevalence has continued to increase, underlying the need to reinforce and adapt surveillance measures. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of bTB surveillance in high-risk areas in metropolitan France, with an emphasis on the criteria to select herds and animals within herds in the context of programmed surveillance and movement testing. Read More

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Cryptosporidium infection in humans and animals from Iraq: a review.

Acta Trop 2021 May 5:105946. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan. Electronic address:

The apicomplexan parasite Cryptosporidium causes serious diarrheal disease in humans and animals worldwide. The present review summarizes epidemiological and molecular studies as well as the clinical disease burden of natural Cryptosporidium infections in humans and animals from Iraq. Retrieved reports regarding cryptosporidiosis in Iraq indicated that the disease is highly prevalent in humans and animals, but the results extracted from these reports are confusing and mostly employed traditional methodologies for the detection of Cryptosporidium infective stage, the oocysts, in clinical samples. Read More

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[Current issues of epidemiology, etiology, risk factors and predisposing conditions of acute pyelonephritis (review part I)].

Urologiia 2021 May(2):109-115

Dept. of Urology and Human Reproductive Health Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

A growing body of research indicates an upward trend in the incidence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) around the world. Acute pyelonephritis (AP), which is dangerous by the development of complex, life-threatening conditions, is no exception. Today the demographic portrait, as well as the characteristics of the causative agents and predisposing conditions of this disease are a global issue for the entire scientific community. Read More

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Experiences and outcomes of group volunteer befriending with patients with severe mental illness: an exploratory mixed-methods study in Colombia.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 May 6;21(1):239. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia.

Background: Improving care for patients with severe mental illness in Latin America requires effective strategies that are low-cost. One such strategy is a volunteering scheme, referred to as befriending, which seeks to support the social integration of patients. Despite positive reports in other world regions, this intervention has not been studied in Latin America. Read More

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A Retrospective Study of Cutaneous and Visceral Leishmaniasis in Istanbul, Turkey.

J Infect Dev Ctries 2021 Apr 30;15(4):595-598. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Medical Microbiology, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Leishmaniasis is a vector-borne disease caused by flagellated protozoans of the genus Leishmania. This study aimed to evaluate the epidemiological status of Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) and Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) among patients admitted to a university hospital in Istanbul, located in western Turkey.

Methodology: This study included 160 and 77 patients with a pre-diagnosis of VL and CL, respectively, between January 2001 and December 2017. Read More

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The forgotten sub-regional COVID-19 response layer. The case of the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region.

J Infect Dev Ctries 2021 04 30;15(4):478-479. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Medical Epidemiologist, Independent consultant, Geneva, Switzerland.

The response to the COVID-19 pandemic have been driven by epidemiology, health system characteristics and control measures in form of social/physical distancing. Guidance, information and best practices have been characterized by territorial thinking with concentration on national health system and social contexts. Information was to a large extent provided from global entities such as the World Health Organization (WHO), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and others. Read More

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Description and analysis of primary care-based COVID-19 interventions in Colombia.

Medwave 2021 Apr 7;21(3):e8147. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de La Sabana, Chía, Cundinamarca, Colombia. ORCID: 0000-0003-2498-0341.

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic was declared in early 2020, requiring different prevention and intervention measures on a large scale. In the case of Colombia, a series of measures focused on isolation and remote services provision were introduced in a context marked by health inequities. This article reviews the theoretical and normative references on primary care interventions in the Colombian response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Workplace measures against COVID-19 during the winter third wave in Japan: Company size-based differences.

J Occup Health 2021 Jan;63(1):e12224

Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Objectives: Little is known about workplace measures against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Japan during the winter of 2020, especially in micro-, small-, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs). This study aimed to provide an overview of the current situation of anti-COVID-19 measures in Japanese enterprises during the winter, considering company size.

Methods: This study was an Internet-based nationwide cross-sectional study. Read More

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January 2021

Polio Outbreak Investigation and Response in The Horn of Africa: 2013-2016.

J Immunol Sci 2021 Apr;Spec Issue(2):1104

WHO Regional Office for Africa (WHO AFRO).

Background: There has been civil strife, spanning more than two decades in some countries and recurrent natural disasters in the Horn of Africa (HoA). This has consistently maintained these countries in chronic humanitarian conditions. More important however is the fact that these crises have also denied populations of these countries access to access to lifesaving health services. Read More

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Informal caregivers and advance care planning: systematic review with qualitative meta-synthesis.

BMJ Support Palliat Care 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department for Health Services Research, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany.

Background: Advance care planning (ACP) is a communication process about a person's values, life goals and preferences for current and future treatment and care. It can improve end-of-life care experiences for care recipients as well as for family caregivers. Knowledge about caregivers' needs might support implementation of ACP interventions suitable to both care recipients and their caregivers. Read More

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[Perceptions of the COVID-19 pandemic, SARS-CoV-2, and viruses in general among children].

Cad Saude Publica 2021 30;37(4):e00304320. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Instituto Nacional de Comunicação Pública da Ciência e Tecnologia, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Although children have been identified as the group least affected by COVID-19 symptoms (even though they are not automatically shielded from the disease or its severe forms), their daily lives have been affected in various ways, including interruption of in-person school activities and contact with classmates, besides other impacts from social isolation and in many cases family financial and health problems. This study aims to understand the perceptions of children in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil towards SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, and viruses in general, through a qualitative study. We interviewed 20 children via conference services platforms. Read More

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The relationship between different types of caries and periodontal disease severity in middle-aged and elderly people: findings from the 4th National Oral Health Survey of China.

BMC Oral Health 2021 May 3;21(1):229. Epub 2021 May 3.

Hospital of Stomatology, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Sun Yat-Sen University, 56 West Lingyuan Road, Guangzhou, 510000, People's Republic of China.

Background: The relationship between dental caries and periodontal disease is still controversial. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between different types of caries and periodontal disease severity in middle-aged and elderly people in China.

Methods: The study population consisted of 4407 middle-aged and 4117 elderly subjects. Read More

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Nurses' Preparedness, Readiness, and Anxiety in Managing COVID-19 Pandemic.

Asia Pac J Public Health 2021 May 3:10105395211012170. Epub 2021 May 3.

Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia.

Nurses' preparedness has been very important for them to treat patients effectively during the COVID-19 pandemic and serve the community. Nurses provide a vital role in mitigating the effects of health crises. In order to help nurses better understand their skills, abilities, and knowledge, as well as the actions that they should take to manage care, the research aims of this study are to (1) investigate the level of preparedness, readiness, and anxiety among nurses during the COVID-19 outbreak in Sabah, Malaysia; (2) examine the effects of various differences in preparedness and readiness among nurses; and (3) examine the effect of COVID-19 preparedness on anxiety among nurses. Read More

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Generalisation of COVID-19 incidences provides a biased view of the actual epidemiological situation.

Lancet Reg Health Eur 2021 Jun 25;5:100116. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Health Directorate, 13 rue de Bitbourg, L-1273 Luxembourg-Hamm, Luxembourg.

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COVID-19-related deaths in residential care homes for elderly: The situation in Italy.

J Forensic Leg Med 2021 Apr 27;80:102179. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Legal and Forensic Medicine, University of Genova, via De' Toni 12, 16132, Genova, Italy.

The whole population is susceptible to infection but elderly people with previous diseases are at greater risk. All these epidemiological data show that older age represents an important risk factor for infection and especially for mortality. In recent weeks an increase in mortality among the elderly has been observed in many Italian residential care homes. Read More

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Modeling Social Distancing Strategies to Prevent SARS-CoV-2 Spread in Israel: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.

Value Health 2021 05 9;24(5):607-614. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

The Coller School of Management, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Objectives: While highly effective in preventing SARS-CoV-2 spread, national lockdowns come with an enormous economic price. Few countries have adopted an alternative "testing, tracing, and isolation" approach to selectively isolate people at high exposure risk, thereby minimizing the economic impact. To assist policy makers, we performed a cost-effectiveness analysis of these 2 strategies. Read More

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Addressing COVID-19 challenges in a randomised controlled trial on exercise interventions in a high-risk population.

BMC Geriatr 2021 05 1;21(1):287. Epub 2021 May 1.

Centre for Complementary Medicine, Institute for Infection Prevention and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical Centre - University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a threat to ongoing clinical trials necessitating regular face-to-face, in-person meetings, particularly in participants with a high risk of complications. Guidance on how to handle and safely continue such trials is lacking. Chronically ill elderly individuals require-in addition to protection from infection-regular physical exercise and social contact to remain healthy. Read More

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Psychological distress during COVID-19 pandemic in low-income and middle-income countries: a cross-sectional study of older persons in Thailand.

BMJ Open 2021 04 30;11(4):e047650. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

College of Population Studies, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Objective: The COVID-19 situation in Thailand was controlled with various social measures. Much of the information covered in the media and in studies focused on the public health and economic aspects of the pandemic. This study aimed to explore the psychological well-being of older people, which is important especially in an ageing society categorised as low income or middle income due to the limits of economic and healthcare resources. Read More

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Relationship of Test Positivity Rates with COVID-19 Epidemic Dynamics.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 27;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Virology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai 980-8575, Japan.

Detection and isolation of infected people are believed to play an important role in the control of the COVID-19 pandemic. Some countries conduct large-scale screenings for testing, whereas others test mainly people with high prior probability of infection such as showing severe symptoms and/or having an epidemiological link with a known or suspected case or cluster of cases. However, what a good testing strategy is and whether the difference in testing strategy shows a meaningful, measurable impact on the COVID-19 epidemic remain unknown. Read More

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The Economic Impact of the SARS-COV-2 (COVID-19) Pandemic in Spain.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 28;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences (IUIBS), University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35016 Las Palmas, Spain.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has hit both the Spanish economy and the population's health hard. The result is an unprecedented economic and social crisis due to uncertainty about the remedy and the socioeconomic effects on people's lives.

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of the macroeconomic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 using key indicators of the Spanish economy for the 17 Autonomous Communities (ACs) of the country. Read More

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