394,772 results match your criteria endothelial


Enhancing the cardiovascular protective effects of a healthy dietary pattern with wolfberry (Lycium barbarum): A randomized controlled trial.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Food Science & Technology, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: The consumption of wolfberry (Lycium barbarum), a rich source of carotenoids and bioactive polysaccharides, may serve as a potential dietary strategy for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk management although limited studies examined its effects as whole fruits.

Objectives: To investigate the impact of wolfberry consumption as part of a healthy dietary pattern on vascular health-related outcomes and classical CVD risk factors in middle-aged and older adults in Singapore.

Methods: This is a 16-week, parallel design, randomized controlled trial. Read More

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ANTIHYPERTENSIVE AND CARDIOPROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF EPOXYEICOSATRIENOIC ACID ANALOGS AND SOLUBLE EPOXIDE HYDROLASE INHIBITORS (REVIEW).

Georgian Med News 2021 Mar(312):125-132

Tbilisi State Medical University, Departments of Pharmaceutical Technology and Medical Pharmacology, Georgia.

In the present article is considered antihypertensive and cardioprotective action of epoxieicosatrienoic acids (EETs) analogues and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors. Being epoxygenase products of arachidonic acid metabolism EETs provide a wide spectrum of biological activity in different organs implicated in the regulation of arterial pressure, including vascular endothelium (VE), heart and kidney. EETs are acting as autocrine or paracrine agents producing vasodilation, reduction in salt and fluid retention. Read More

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The association between treatment and systemic inflammation in acromegaly.

Growth Horm IGF Res 2021 Apr 30;57-58:101391. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Internal Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Objective: Acromegaly is characterized by an excess of growth hormone (GH) and insulin like growth-factor 1 (IGF1), and it is strongly associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Both acute and long-lasting pro-inflammatory effects have been attributed to IGF1. Previous results suggest the presence of systemic inflammation in treated patients. Read More

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Discovery of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine-based derivatives as potent VEGFR-2 kinase inhibitors and anti-cancer agents.

Bioorg Chem 2021 Apr 27;112:104947. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, AlMaarefa University, Ad Diriyah 13713, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Department of Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy (Boys), Al-Azhar University, Cairo 11884, Egypt. Electronic address:

Vascular endothelial growth factor-2 (VEGFR-2) is considered one of the most important factors in tumor angiogenesis, and consequently a number of anticancer therapeutics have been developed to inhibit VEGFR-2 signaling. Accordingly, eighteen derivatives of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidines having structural characteristics similar to VEGFR-2 inhibitors were designed and synthesized. Anticancer activities of the new derivatives were assessed against three human cancer cell lines (HCT-116, HepG2, and MCF-7) using MTT. Read More

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Ginsenosides in vascular remodeling: cellular and molecular mechanisms of their therapeutic action.

Pharmacol Res 2021 May 5:105647. Epub 2021 May 5.

The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518067, China. Electronic address:

Evidence is mounting that abnormal vascular remodeling (VR) is a vital pathological event that precedes many cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This provides us with a new research perspective that VR can be a pivotal target for CVD treatment and prevention. However, the current drugs for treating CVD does not fundamentally reverse VR and repair vascular function. Read More

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Prophylactic laser versus continued surveillance after initial bevacizumab treatment for retinopathy of prematurity.

J AAPOS 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina; Department of Pediatrics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. Electronic address:

Guidelines on managing infants after initial anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment (eg, bevacizumab) for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) are limited. We found that following initial bevacizumab treatment for ROP, prophylactically lasering infant eyes before hospital discharge reduced the number and duration of outpatient ROP screening examinations compared with following infants, per current United States (US) ROP screening guidelines. Read More

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Molecular identity of human limbal heterogeneity involved in corneal homeostasis and privilege.

Ocul Surf 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Shandong Eye Institute, Shandong First Medical University & Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Qingdao, China; Qingdao Eye Hospital of Shandong First Medical University, Qingdao, China; Eye Hospital of Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: The corneal limbus maintains the homeostasis, immune and angiogenic privilege of cornea. This study aimed to depict the landscape of human limbus tissues by single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq).

Methods: Single cells of human limbus collected from donor corneas were performed scRNA-seq using 10x Genomics platform, followed by clustering cell types through the t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding (t-SNE) and unbiased computational informatic analysis. Read More

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Hypoxia-induced retinal pigment epithelium cell-derived bFGF promotes the migration and angiogenesis of HUVECs through regulating TGF-β1/smad2/3 pathway.

Gene 2021 May 5:145695. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University. Electronic address:

Hypoxia promotes the secretion of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), which plays an important part in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This study preliminarily explored the effect of hypoxia-induced RPE-derived bFGF on the biological functions of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). After cell culture in hypoxia conditions, the cell viability, apoptosis, and the expressions of bFGF and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) in human RPEs were detected by 3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), flow cytometry, Western blot, RT-qPCR, or ELISA. Read More

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Amelioration of diabetic retinopathy in db/db mice by treatment with different proportional three active ingredients from Tibetan medicine Berberis dictyophylla F.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 May 5:114190. Epub 2021 May 5.

Innovative Institute of Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, 611137, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Berberis dictyophylla F., a famous Tibetan medicine, has been used to prevent and treat diabetic retinopathy (DR) for thousands of years in clinic. However, its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Read More

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Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 related microglial activation in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy: morphological consideration.

Am J Pathol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Mental Retardation and Birth Defect Research, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kodaira. Electronic address:

Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (nHIE) is a major neonatal brain injury. Despite therapeutic hypothermia, mortality and sequelae remain severe. The lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) was associated with the pathophysiology of nHIE. Read More

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Arginase II protein regulates Parkin-dependent p32 degradation that contributes to Ca2+-dependent eNOS activation in endothelial cells.

Cardiovasc Res 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Biological Sciences.

Aims: Arginase II (ArgII) plays a key role in the regulation of Ca2+ between the cytosol and mitochondria in a p32-dependent manner. p32 contributes to endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activation through the Ca2+/CaMKII/AMPK/p38MAPK/Akt signaling cascade. Therefore, we investigated a novel function of ArgII in the regulation of p32 stability. Read More

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The role of caveolin-1 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphisms in susceptibility to prostate cancer.

Int J Exp Pathol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Medical Biology Research Center, Health Technology Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Caveolin-1(cav-1) is overexpressed in prostate cancer (PC) and is associated with progression of the disease. We investigated the effects of CAV1-T29107A and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) G894T polymorphisms on the serum levels of testosterone, NO and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in patients with PC. We genotyped cav-1 and eNOS genes in 112 PC patients and 150 healthy controls by PCR-RFLP. Read More

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[Impact of cardiovascular metabolic diseases on COVID-19: review of recent progress].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2021 Apr;41(4):628-632

Department of Cardiology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710004, China.

The high comorbidity between cardiovascular and metabolic diseases (CVMD) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the consequent high mortality and the potential risk of cardiovascular damage have brought great challenges to the clinical diagnosis and treatment of the condition. The latest studies found that advanced age, immune function defects, inflammatory factor storms and oxidative stress damage all potentially contribute to the high comorbidity of the two. Direct virus invasion, myocardial oxygen supply and demand imbalance and vascular endothelial and coagulation dysfunction may be important mechanisms for cardiovascular injury in COVID-19 patients. Read More

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Senescence mechanisms and targets in the heart.

Cardiovasc Res 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology and the Harvard Stem Cell Institute, Harvard University, 7 Divinity Ave, Cambridge, MA 02138.

Cellular senescence is a state of irreversible cell cycle arrest associated with ageing. Senescence of different cardiac cell types can direct the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, and cardiac fibrosis. While age-related telomere shortening represents a major cause of replicative senescence, the senescent state can also be induced by oxidative stress, metabolic dysfunction, and epigenetic regulation, among other stressors. Read More

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Endothelial glycocalyx degradation and disease severity in Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium knowlesi malaria.

Sci Rep 2021 May 7;11(1):9741. Epub 2021 May 7.

Menzies School of Health Research and Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia.

Degradation of the endothelial glycocalyx is associated with mortality in adult falciparum malaria. However, its role in the pathogenesis of non-falciparum malaria is unknown. In Malaysian patients with knowlesi (n = 200) and vivax (n = 61) malaria, and in healthy controls (n = 50), we measured glycocalyx breakdown products plasma syndecan-1 and urinary glycosaminoglycans, and evaluated correlations with biomarkers of disease severity. Read More

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Sox9 and Rbpj differentially regulate endothelial to mesenchymal transition and wound scarring in murine endovascular progenitors.

Nat Commun 2021 May 7;12(1):2564. Epub 2021 May 7.

The University of Queensland Diamantina Institute, The University of Queensland, Woolloongabba, QLD, Australia.

Endothelial to mesenchymal transition (EndMT) is a leading cause of fibrosis and disease, however its mechanism has yet to be elucidated. The endothelium possesses a profound regenerative capacity to adapt and reorganize that is attributed to a population of vessel-resident endovascular progenitors (EVP) governing an endothelial hierarchy. Here, using fate analysis, we show that two transcription factors SOX9 and RBPJ specifically affect the murine EVP numbers and regulate lineage specification. Read More

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Sphingosine 1-phosphate, a potential target in neovascular retinal disease.

Br J Ophthalmol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

School of Pharmacy, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

Neovascular ocular diseases (such as age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and retinal vein occlusion) are characterised by common pathological processes that contribute to disease progression. These include angiogenesis, oedema, inflammation, cell death and fibrosis. Currently available therapies target the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the main mediator of pathological angiogenesis. Read More

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Single-cell Transcriptomics Uncover a Novel Role of Myeloid Cells and T-lymphocytes in the Fibrotic Microenvironment in Peyronie's Disease.

Eur Urol Focus 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Laboratory of Experimental Urology, Department of Development and Regeneration, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Department of Urology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: Peyronie's disease (PD) is an acquired fibrotic disease affecting the penile tunica albuginea that can lead to curvature and deformities, shortening, and erectile dysfunction. Although immunological mechanisms have been suggested for the pathophysiology of PD, these have not been investigated using single-cell transcriptomics.

Objective: To investigate the immunological signature of plaques from PD patients using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-Seq). Read More

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Early Transplant Arteriopathy in Kidney Transplantation.

Transplant Proc 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Electronic address:

Background: Early dysfunction of renal allografts may be associated with vascular injury, which raises the specter of active rejection processes that require medical intervention. In our practice, we have encountered patients who present with delayed graft function and demonstrate a unique pattern of endothelial cell injury that raises concern for rejection in their biopsy. Therefore, we sought to systematically determine the biopsy characteristics and outcome of these patients. Read More

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The multiple roles of actin-binding proteins at invadopodia.

Int Rev Cell Mol Biol 2021 12;360:99-132. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Cytoskeleton and Cancer Progression, Department of Oncology, Luxembourg Institute of Health, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. Electronic address:

Invadopodia are actin-rich membrane protrusions that facilitate cancer cell dissemination by focusing on proteolytic activity and clearing paths for migration through physical barriers, such as basement membranes, dense extracellular matrices, and endothelial cell junctions. Invadopodium formation and activity require spatially and temporally regulated changes in actin filament organization and dynamics. About three decades of research have led to a remarkable understanding of how these changes are orchestrated by sequential recruitment and coordinated activity of different sets of actin-binding proteins. Read More

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Potential mechanism of plus semen vaccariae granules in the treatment of diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction in rats utilizing combined experimental model and network pharmacology.

Pharm Biol 2021 Dec;59(1):547-556

Andrology Department, Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.

Context: Blume (Amaranthaceae) (ABR) and semen vaccariae (SV) are used commonly in the clinical treatment of erectile dysfunction in males with diabetes mellitus (DMED) to strengthen the kidney and promote blood circulation, and often achieve good curative effects.

Objective: Explore mechanistic details of ABR + SV treatment against DMED.

Materials And Methods: Prediction of key targets by network pharmacology. Read More

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December 2021

Light rare earth elements hinder bone development via inhibiting type H vessels formation in mice.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 May 4;218:112275. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Orthopedics, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Army Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China. Electronic address:

Light rare earth elements (LREEs) are widely used in medical, industrial, and agricultural fields. Wide application of light rare earth and exposure to these elements in human society leads to increasing accumulation of LREE in human skeletal system. However, the effects of LREEs on human bone health is not clear. Read More

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The study of Raddeanin A cerebrovascular endothelial cell trafficking through P-glycoprotein.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 May 4;559:222-229. Epub 2021 May 4.

Key Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine Analysis, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Changchun University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Changchun, 130117, China. Electronic address:

As one of the natural triterpenoids isolated from Anemone Raddeana Regel, Raddeanin A (RA) has been confirmed to possess therapeutic effects against multiple tumorigeneses, especially for the onset of glioblastoma and growth in human brains. However, the mechanism by which this happens remains poorly understood in terms of the vascular endothelium trafficking routine of RA through the brain-blood barrier (BBB). To seek such answers, human brain microenvironment endothelial cells (HBMECs) were used to stimulate the microenvironment in vitro, and to explore the intracellular accumulation of RA. Read More

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Quercetin inhibits invasion and angiogenesis of esophageal cancer cells.

Pathol Res Pract 2021 Apr 28;222:153455. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Gastroenterology, Renmin Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan 442000, Hubei Province, China.

Background: Esophageal carcinoma has poor prognosis and novel therapies for esophageal carcinoma are urgently needed. Quercetin is a natural flavonoid compound that can be found in many foods. In this study, we investigated the effects of quercetin on invasion and angiogenesis of esophageal cancer cells. Read More

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Neurovascular-modulation: A review of primary vascular responses to transcranial electrical stimulation as a mechanism of action.

Brain Stimul 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, The City College of New York (CCNY), New York, NY, USA.

Background: The ubiquitous vascular response to transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) has been attributed to the secondary effect of neuronal activity forming the classic neurovascular coupling. However, the current density delivered transcranially concentrates in: A) the cerebrospinal fluid of subarachnoid space where cerebral vasculature resides after reaching the dural and pial surfaces and B) across the blood-brain-barrier after reaching the brain parenchyma. Therefore, it is anticipated that tES has a primary vascular influence. Read More

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Extracellular vesicles regulate gap junction-mediated intercellular communication and HIV-1 infection of human neural progenitor cells.

Neurobiol Dis 2021 May 4:105388. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, 33136, USA. Electronic address:

Human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) has been shown to cross the blood-brain barrier and cause HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) through a process that may involve direct or indirect interactions with the CNS cells and alterations of amyloid β (Aβ) homeostasis. The present study focused on the mechanisms of HIV-1 infecting human neural progenitor cells (hNPCs) and affecting NPC intercellular communications with human brain endothelial cells (HBMEC). Despite the lack of the CD4 receptor, hNPCs were effectively infected by HIV-1 via a mechanism involving the chemokine receptors, CXCR4 and CCR5. Read More

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ITGA8 positive cells in the conventional outflow tissue exhibit Schlemm's canal endothelial cell properties.

Life Sci 2021 May 4:119564. Epub 2021 May 4.

School of Basic Medicine, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266021, China. Electronic address:

Aims: Elevated intraocular pressure is primarily induced by the increased resistance of conventional outflow of aqueous humor. Dysfunction of the juxtacanalicular region of trabecular meshwork (TM) and Schlemm's canal (SC) endothelium, as the main conventional outflow tissue, have been implicated as the major reasons for the increased resistance. Integrins are widespread in these tissues, especially alpha8 integrin (ITGA8). Read More

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Endothelial Transient Receptor Potential V4 Channels Mediate Lung Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Surgery, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA. Electronic address:

Background: Lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), involving severe inflammation and edema, is a major cause of primary graft dysfunction following transplant. Activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channels modulates vascular permeability. Thus, this study tests the hypothesis that endothelial TRPV4 channels mediate lung IRI. Read More

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Association of COVID-19 transmission with high levels of ambient pollutants: Initiation and impact of the inflammatory response on cardiopulmonary disease.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Mar 16;779:146464. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, CA, United States of America; Department of Medicine, Greater Los Angeles VA Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA, United States of America; Department of Bioengineering, Henry Samueli School of Engineering & Applied Science, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, United States of America. Electronic address:

Ambient air pollution contributes to 7 million premature deaths annually. Concurrently, the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, complicated with S-protein mutations and other variants, caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has resulted in over 2.5 million deaths globally. Read More

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Assessment of Inflammation Biomarkers in Diabetic Macular Edema Treated with Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant.

J Ocul Pharmacol Ther 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Dicle University School of Medicine, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

To evaluate inflammation biomarkers in diabetic macular edema (DME) treated with intravitreal dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex). This retrospective single-center study investigated 64 eyes of 64 patients with DME who were nonresponsive to prior antivascular endothelial growth factor and treated with intravitreal Ozurdex. The neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR), and platelet/lymphocyte ratio were calculated. Read More

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