382 results match your criteria emus


Prospective Study of a Multimodal Convulsive Seizure Detection Wearable System on Pediatric and Adult Patients in the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit.

Front Neurol 2021 18;12:724904. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Empatica, Inc., Boston, MA, United States.

Using machine learning to combine wrist accelerometer (ACM) and electrodermal activity (EDA) has been shown effective to detect primarily and secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizures, here termed as convulsive seizures (CS). A prospective study was conducted for the FDA clearance of an ACM and EDA-based CS-detection device based on a predefined machine learning algorithm. Here we present its performance on pediatric and adult patients in epilepsy monitoring units (EMUs). Read More

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An Outbreak of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H7N7) in Australia and the Potential for Novel Influenza A Viruses to Emerge.

Microorganisms 2021 Jul 31;9(8). Epub 2021 Jul 31.

School of Nursing, Midwifery, Health Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Notre Dame Australia, Fremantle, WA 6160, Australia.

In 2020, several geographically isolated farms in Victoria, Australia, experienced an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus H7N7 and low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses H5N2 and H7N6. Effective containment and control measures ensured the eradication of these viruses but the event culminated in substantial loss of livestock and significant economic impact. The avian HPAI H7N7 virus generally does not infect humans; however, evidence shows the ocular pathway presents a favourable tissue tropism for human infection. Read More

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Implementation of Mini-FLOTAC in Routine Diagnosis of Coccidia and Helminth Infections in Domestic and Exotic Birds.

Vet Sci 2021 Aug 9;8(8). Epub 2021 Aug 9.

CIISA-Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar em Sanidade Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida da Universidade Técnica, 1300-477 Lisbon, Portugal.

Mini-FLOTAC (MF) has recently been proposed for the fecal quantification of gastrointestinal (GI) parasites in birds due to its higher sensitivity and precision in comparison with the McMaster method. The current research aimed to test the use of MF in routine diagnosis of coccidia and helminth infections in several domestic and exotic bird collections in Portugal. Between July 2020 and April 2021, a total of 142 fecal samples from organic layers, peacocks and ratites were collected in four Portuguese bird collections and processed using MF and fecal cultures to identify and calculate GI parasite shedding and prevalence. Read More

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The safety and efficacy of modifying the admission protocol to the epilepsy monitoring unit in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 09 24;122:108229. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Neurosciences, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted admission to epilepsy monitoring units (EMUs) for classification and presurgical evaluation of patients with refractory epilepsy. We modified the EMU admission protocol via anti-seizure medications (ASM) withdrawal implemented one day before admission; thus, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this modified protocol.

Methods: In January 2021, we initiated ASM tapering 24 h before-rather than on the first day after-EMU admission, contrasting with the previous protocol. Read More

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September 2021

Importance of access to epilepsy monitoring units during the COVID-19 pandemic: Consensus statement of the International League against epilepsy and the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology.

Clin Neurophysiol 2021 09 21;132(9):2248-2250. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Neurology, Christian Doppler University Hospital, Paracelsus Medical University and Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Salzburg, Austria; Affiliated EpiCARE Partner, Neuroscience Institute, Christian Doppler University Hospital, Salzburg, Austria; Department of Public Health, Health Services Research and Health Technology Assessment, UMIT - University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Hall in Tirol, Austria.

Restructuring of healthcare services during the COVID-19 pandemic has led to lockdown of Epilepsy Monitoring Units (EMUs) in many hospitals. The ad-hoc taskforce of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) and the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology (IFCN) highlights the detrimental effect of postponing video-EEG monitoring of patients with epilepsy and other paroxysmal events. The taskforce calls for action to continue functioning of Epilepsy Monitoring Units during emergency situations, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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September 2021

CD4+ T cells sustain aggressive chronic lymphocytic leukemia in Eμ-TCL1 mice through a CD40L-independent mechanism.

Blood Adv 2021 07;5(14):2817-2828

Cellular Immunology Unit, Division of Immunology, Transplantation, and Infectious Diseases.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is caused by the progressive accumulation of mature CD5+ B cells in secondary lymphoid organs. In vitro data suggest that CD4+ T lymphocytes also sustain survival and proliferation of CLL clones through CD40L/CD40 interactions. In vivo data in animal models are conflicting. Read More

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Importance of access to epilepsy monitoring units during the COVID-19 pandemic: consensus statement of the International League Against Epilepsy and the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology.

Epileptic Disord 2021 Aug;23(4):533-536

Department of Neurology, Christian Doppler University Hospital, Paracelsus Medical University and Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Salzburg, Austria, Affiliated EpiCARE Partner; Neuroscience Institute, Christian Doppler University Hospital, Salzburg, Austria; Department of Public Health, Health Services Research and Health Technology Assessment, UMIT - University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Hall in Tirol, Austria.

Restructuring of healthcare services during the COVID-19 pandemic has led to lockdown of epilepsy monitoring units (EMUs) in many hospitals. The ad-hoc taskforce of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) and the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology (IFCN) highlights the detrimental effect of postponing video-EEG monitoring of patients with epilepsy and other paroxysmal events. The taskforce calls for action for continued functioning of EMUs during emergency situations, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Post mortem changes in M. iliotibialis lateralis muscle protein profile of emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae).

Meat Sci 2021 Oct 20;180:108562. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Genomics and Biodiversity, Institute of Genetics and Animal Biotechnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Postepu 36A, Jastrzębiec, 05-552 Magdalenka, Poland.

The available literature lacks information on the metabolic processes taking place in emu muscles after the cessation of circulation. Hence, this study was undertaken to examine the physicochemical characteristics (pH, drip loss, WHC, TBARS, L*, a*, b*) with concomitant changes in protein expression patterns (SDS-PAGE) of femoral muscle (M. iliotibialis lateralis) that occur post mortem and during the first days (0 h, 24 h, 48 h) of its maturation in 1- and 3-year-old emus. Read More

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October 2021

Eggs of extinct dwarf island emus retained large size.

Biol Lett 2021 05 26;17(5):20210012. Epub 2021 May 26.

Main Street, Currie, King Island, Tasmania, Australia, 7256.

Islands off southern Australia once harboured three subspecies of the mainland emu (), the smaller Tasmanian emu () and two dwarf emus, King Island emu () and Kangaroo Island emu (), which all became extinct rapidly after discovery by human settlers. Little was recorded about their life histories and only a few historical museum specimens exist, including a number of complete eggs from Tasmania and a unique egg from Kangaroo Island. Here, we present a detailed analysis of eggs of dwarf emus, including the first record of an almost complete specimen from King Island. Read More

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Physical activity status and quality of life in patients with epilepsy - Survey from level four epilepsy monitoring units.

Epilepsy Res 2021 Jul 9;173:106639. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Neurology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, TX, 75390, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: People with epilepsy (PWE) tend to have sedentary lifestyles which may predispose them to a lower perceived quality of life (QOL). Moreover, the relationship between physical activity (PA) and QOL in populations of PWE with high disease burden has been under-studied. The goal of this study was to evaluate PA level and its impact on health-related QOL in PWE who were admitted to Level-4 epilepsy monitoring units (EMU). Read More

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Developing and Implementing a Standardized Ictal Examination in the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit.

Neurol Clin Pract 2021 Apr;11(2):127-133

Department of Neurology (SSO'K), New York University; Department of Neurology (LF, CVK-S, SR-E, KAD), University of Pennsylvania; Department of Neurology (JR), Jefferson Hospital, Philadelphia, PA; Department of Neurology (AK), Emory University, Atlanta, GA; and Department of Neurology (CEH), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Background: The ictal examination is crucial for neuroanatomic localization of seizure onset, which informs medical and neurosurgical treatment of epilepsy. Substantial variation exists in ictal examination performance in epilepsy monitoring units (EMUs). We developed and implemented a standardized examination to facilitate rapid, reliable execution of all testing domains and adherence to patient safety maneuvers. Read More

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Diagnostic pitfalls of urogenital tuberculosis.

Trop Med Int Health 2021 07 6;26(7):753-759. Epub 2021 May 6.

Blizard Institute, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University, London, UK.

Objectives: To describe characteristics, details of diagnosis and outcomes of urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) in a low-prevalence country.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study of 37 consecutive patients diagnosed with UGTB between 1 January 2014 and 31 October 2019 in an East London hospital.

Results: 68% (25/37) of patients were male and the median age was 42 years (IQR 34-55). Read More

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Past and future potential range changes in one of the last large vertebrates of the Australian continent, the emu Dromaius novaehollandiae.

Sci Rep 2021 01 13;11(1):851. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Hawkesbury Campus, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia.

In Australia, significant shifts in species distribution have occurred with the loss of megafauna, changes in indigenous Australian fire regime and land-use changes with European settlement. The emu, one of the last megafaunal species in Australia, has likely undergone substantial distribution changes, particularly near the east coast of Australia where urbanisation is extensive and some populations have declined. We modelled emu distribution across the continental mainland and across the Great Dividing Range region (GDR) of eastern Australia, under historical, present and future climates. Read More

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January 2021

Day and night comfort and stability on the body of four wearable devices for seizure detection: A direct user-experience.

Epilepsy Behav 2020 11 28;112:107478. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Department of Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College, London, UK.

Purpose: Wearable devices are progressively becoming an available tool for continuous seizure detection. Motivation to use wearables is not only driven by the accuracy and reliability of the performance but also by the form factor, comfort, and stability on the body. We collected direct feedback and device placement-related issues experienced by a cohort of people with epilepsy (PWE) to investigate to what extent available devices are nonintrusive, comfortable, and stable on the body. Read More

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November 2020

Perioperative pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of meloxicam in emus (Dromaius novaehollandiae) of different age groups using nonlinear mixed effect modelling.

J Vet Pharmacol Ther 2021 Jul 3;44(4):603-618. Epub 2020 Nov 3.

Department of Clinical Services and Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, London, UK.

Meloxicam is a widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug in avian species. However, variability in pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) parameters in birds warrants species-specific studies for dose and dosing interval optimization. We performed a perioperative PK study of meloxicam (0. Read More

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Development of 49 novel microsatellite markers from Next-generation sequencing data and a robust method for parentage tests in the emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae).

Gene 2021 Feb 15;769:145238. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Graduate School of Bioindustry, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Abashiri, Hokkaido 099-2493, Japan. Electronic address:

The emu is a useful and new breed of poultry, but their genetic improvement has not advanced yet due to their very recent domestication. Pedigree information is difficult to record because of their complex reproduction system (polyandry). To identify parent-offspring relationships in the emu, parentage test based on polymorphic DNA markers have to be developed. Read More

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February 2021

Natural infection by Procyrnea uncinipenis (Nematoda, Habronematidae), a parasite from rheas, an autoctone bird from South America, in emus Dromaius novaehollandiae, a ratite from New Zealand.

Sci Rep 2020 10 6;10(1):16541. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Laboratório de Sanidade Animal, Universidade Estadual Do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro (UENF), Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, 28013-602, Brazil.

The present study reports a natural infection of emus, Dromaius novaehollandiae, by the nematode Procyrnea uncinipenis. Five adult emus from a scientific breeding farm at North Fluminense State University located in the city of Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil were necropsied, and their gastrointestinal tract were collected and examined for the presence of parasites from October 2013 to November 2015. Two of the five (40%) emus necropsied were infected with nematodes, and a portion of the nematodes were processed for light microscopy. Read More

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October 2020

"Variances" and "in-variances" in hierarchical porosity and composition, across femoral tissues from cow, horse, ostrich, emu, pig, rabbit, and frog.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2020 Dec 30;117:111234. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Institute for Mechanics of Materials and Structures, TU Wien - Vienna University of Technology, Karlsplatz 13/E202, 1040 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

It is very well known that bone is a hierarchically organized material produced by bone cells residing in the fluid environments filling (larger) vascular pores and (smaller) lacunar pores. The extracellular space consists of hydroxyapatite crystals, collagen type I molecules, and water with non-collageneous organics. It is less known to which extent the associated quantities (mineral, organic, and water concentrations; vascular, lacunar, and extracellular porosities) vary across species, organs, and ages. Read More

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December 2020

Putative adult neurogenesis in palaeognathous birds: The common ostrich (Struthio camelus) and emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae).

Int J Dev Neurosci 2020 Nov 26;80(7):613-635. Epub 2020 Aug 26.

School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

In the current study, we examined adult neurogenesis throughout the brain of the common ostrich (Struthio camelus) and emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) using immunohistochemistry for the endogenous markers PCNA which labels proliferating cells, and DCX, which stains immature and migrating neurons. The distribution of PCNA and DCX labelled cells was widespread throughout the brain of both species. The highest density of cells immunoreactive to both markers was observed in the olfactory bulbs and the telencephalon, especially the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricle. Read More

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November 2020

A European questionnaire survey on epilepsy monitoring units' current practice for postoperative psychogenic nonepileptic seizures' detection.

Epilepsy Behav 2020 11 31;112:107355. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

National Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Department of Neurology, University of Pécs, Budapest, Hungary.

Background: In cases undergoing epilepsy surgery, postoperative psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) may be underdiagnosed complicating the assessment of postsurgical seizures' outcome and the clinical management. We conducted a survey to investigate the current practices in the European epilepsy monitoring units (EMUs) and the data that EMUs could provide to retrospectively detect cases with postoperative PNES and to assess the feasibility of a subsequent postoperative PNES research project for cases with postoperative PNES.

Methods: We developed and distributed a questionnaire survey to 57 EMUs. Read More

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November 2020

Impacts of exclusion fencing on target and non-target fauna: a global review.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2020 12 28;95(6):1590-1606. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

University of Southern Queensland, Institute for Life Sciences and the Environment, Toowoomba, Queensland, 4350, Australia.

Exclusion fencing is a common tool used to mitigate a variety of unwanted economic losses caused by problematic wildlife. While the potential for agricultural, ecological and economic benefits of pest animal exclusion are often apparent, what is less clear are the costs and benefits to sympatric non-target wildlife. This review examines the use of exclusion fencing in a variety of situations around the world to elucidate the potential outcomes of such fencing for wildlife and apply this knowledge to the recent uptake of exclusion fencing on livestock properties in the Australian rangelands. Read More

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December 2020

Clinical predictors of adverse events during continuous video-EEG monitoring in an epilepsy unit.

Epileptic Disord 2020 Aug;22(4):449-454

Department of Neurosciences, Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Spain.

Patients admitted to epilepsy monitoring units (EMUs) for diagnostic and presurgical evaluation have an increased risk of seizure-related injury, particularly in the many cases in which medication is withdrawn. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of adverse events (AEs) in this setting and to analyse associated clinical factors and costs. We evaluated consecutive patients admitted to an EMU at a tertiary care hospital over a 10-year period based on a descriptive, longitudinal study. Read More

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The influence of age and gender on emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) fat.

Sci Rep 2020 07 6;10(1):11082. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Monogastric Animal Sciences, Laboratory of Poultry Science, West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin, Janickiego Str. 29, 71-270, Szczecin, Poland.

Studies were carried out to determine the influence of age and sex on two types of fat (back fat and abdominal fat) in the emu, as these are factors that influence the composition of animal tissues. The material involved 26 emus at the age 1 (6 males), 3 (6 males) and 15 years (8 females and 6 males), kept on the same farm and fed the feed of the same nutritional value. The basic chemical composition, cholesterol and mineral content, as well as fatty acid profile of back and abdominal fat of emu were determined. Read More

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Genetic factors for short life span associated with evolution of the loss of flight ability.

Ecol Evol 2020 Jun 29;10(12):6020-6029. Epub 2020 May 29.

Graduate School of Life Sciences Tohoku University Sendai Japan.

Acquisition or loss of flying ability is evolutionarily linked with maximum life span (MLS) in mammals and birds. Although ecological factors, such as extrinsic mortality, may lead to either shortened or extended life spans through natural selection, MLS is influenced by complex molecular and metabolic processes, and the genetic changes associated with flying ability that have led to either a longer or shorter MLS are unknown. Here, we examine the parallel evolution of flight in mammals and birds and investigate positively selected genes at branches where either the acquisition (in little brown bats and large flying foxes) or loss (in Adélie penguins, emperor penguins, common ostriches, emus, great spotted kiwis, little spotted kiwis, okarito brown kiwis, greater rheas, lesser rheas, and cassowaries) of flight abilities occurred. Read More

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Osteological description of casque ontogeny in the southern cassowary (Casuarius casuarius) using micro-CT imaging.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2021 03 16;304(3):461-479. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA.

Extant cassowaries (Casuarius) are unique flightless birds found in the tropics of Indo-Australia. They have garnered substantial attention from anatomists with focus centered on the bony makeup and function of their conspicuous cranial casques, located dorsally above the orbits and neurocranium. The osteological patterning of the casque has been formally described previously; however, there are differing interpretations between authors. Read More

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Using sampled visual EEG review in combination with automated detection software at the EMU.

Seizure 2020 Aug 4;80:96-99. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Stichting Epilepsie Instellingen Nederland (SEIN), Heemstede, the Netherlands.

Purpose: Complete visual review of prolonged video-EEG recordings at an EMU (Epilepsy Monitoring Unit) is time consuming and can cause problems in times of paucity of educated personnel. In this study we aimed to show non inferiority for electroclinical diagnosis using sampled review in combination with EEG analysis softreferware (P13 software, Persyst Corporation), in comparison to complete visual review.

Method: Fifty prolonged video-EEG recordings in adults were prospectively evaluated using sampled visual EEG review in combination with automated detection software of the complete EEG record. Read More

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Parallel isotope differential modeling for instationary 13C fluxomics at the genome scale.

Biotechnol Biofuels 2020 8;13:103. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Key Laboratory of Information and Computing Science Guizhou Province, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang, Guizhou China.

Background: A precise map of the metabolic fluxome, the closest surrogate to the physiological phenotype, is becoming progressively more important in the metabolic engineering of photosynthetic organisms for biofuel and biomass production. For photosynthetic organisms, the state-of-the-art method for this purpose is instationary 13C fluxomics, which has arisen as a sibling of transcriptomics or proteomics. Instationary 13C data processing requires solving high-dimensional nonlinear differential equations and leads to large computational and time costs when its scope is expanded to a genome-scale metabolic network. Read More

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Extinction of eastern Sahul megafauna coincides with sustained environmental deterioration.

Nat Commun 2020 05 18;11(1):2250. Epub 2020 May 18.

Geosciences, Queensland Museum, 122 Gerler Rd., Hendra, QLD, 4011, Australia.

Explanations for the Upper Pleistocene extinction of megafauna from Sahul (Australia and New Guinea) remain unresolved. Extinction hypotheses have advanced climate or human-driven scenarios, in spite of over three quarters of Sahul lacking reliable biogeographic or chronologic data. Here we present new megafauna from north-eastern Australia that suffered extinction sometime after 40,100 (±1700) years ago. Read More

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Mitochondrial DNA variations in Japanese farmed emu populations.

J Vet Med Sci 2020 Jun 3;82(6):731-734. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Graduate School of Bioindustry, Tokyo University of Agriculture, 196, Yasaka, Abashiri, Hokkaido 099-2493, Japan.

The emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) is a new poultry. In this study, we investigated the haplotype composition of mitochondrial DNA among emu populations farmed in Japan. We sequenced the D-loop region in 109 individuals, and detected four substitution sites and three haplotypes (Hap-a, -b, and -c). Read More

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