137,533 results match your criteria employment status

Return to sport and work after medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy : a case series.

Acta Orthop Belg 2021 Mar;87(1):117-124

Data on return to work and sport following open wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) have been underreported. Furthermore, there is no clear consensus in literature about the postoperative alignment goals following HTO. A retrospective case series was performed to evaluate return to sport and work following open wedge HTO. Read More

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Socio-economic resources and adult mental health in Canada: controlling for time-invariant confounders and investigating causal directionality.

Can J Public Health 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Sociology, University of British Columbia, 6303 N. W. Marine Drive, Vancouver, V6T 1Z1, BC, Canada.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether family income and education have a causal effect on psychological distress among Canadian adults.

Methods: We executed fixed-effects regression analyses using data from the Longitudinal and International Study of Adults (LISA). We investigated whether changes in family income and education from wave 2 (2014) to wave 3 (2016) corresponded with changes in psychological distress during this same time period. Read More

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Academic Medicine Faculty Perceptions of Work-Life Balance Before and Since the COVID-19 Pandemic.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 06 1;4(6):e2113539. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Office of Faculty Affairs, The University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas.

Importance: How the COVID-19 pandemic has affected academic medicine faculty's work-life balance is unknown.

Objective: To assess the association of perceived work-life conflict with academic medicine faculty intention to leave, reducing employment to part time, or declining leadership opportunities before and since the COVID-19 pandemic.

Design, Settings, And Participants: An anonymous online survey of medical, graduate, and health professions school faculty was conducted at a single large, urban academic medical center between September 1 and September 25, 2020. Read More

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Assessing Policy Challenges and Strategies Supporting Informal Caregivers in the European Union.

J Aging Soc Policy 2021 Jun 15:1-16. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

MSc, Department of Health Services Research, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, CAPHRI, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands.

Cost containment and the preferences of older adults are important stimuli for encouraging the provision of informal care worldwide. Nevertheless, informal caregiving can have negative effects on caregiver's health, wellbeing, and employment opportunities. Moreover, it is questionable whether informal caregivers can substantially contribute to meeting the increasing demand for care or serve as a substitute for formally provided services. Read More

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Changes in proportion of bachelor's nurses associated with improvements in patient outcomes.

Res Nurs Health 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

This study uses data from two cross-sections in time (2006, 2016) to determine whether changes over time in hospital employment of bachelor's of science in nursing (BSN) nurses is associated with changes in patient outcomes. Data sources include nurse survey data, American Hospital Association Annual Survey data, and patient administrative claims data from state agencies in California, Florida, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. The study sample included general surgical patients aged 18-99 years admitted to one of the 519 study hospitals. Read More

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Follow-up of the Cool Little Kids translational trial into middle childhood.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Centre for Emotional Health, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: Public health advocates have highlighted internalising problems as a leading cause of global burden of disease. Internalising problems (anxiety/depression) affect up to 20% of school-age children and can impact peer relations, school engagement and later employment and mortality. This translational trial aimed to determine whether a selective/indicated parenting group programme to prevent internalising distress in shy/inhibited preschool children had sustained effects in middle childhood. Read More

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The Barriers and Facilitators of Gastric Cancer Screening: a Systematic Review.

J Gastrointest Cancer 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

Aim: Gastric cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death and the fifth most common cancer worldwide. Screening is one of the most important ways to increase survival. The aim of this systematic review was to determinate barriers and facilitators for accessing gastric cancer screening. Read More

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Crossing Social Boundaries in an Immigration Context: Exogamy and Gendered Employment Patterns in Unions in Germany.

Gender Issues 2021 Jun 10:1-35. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Institute for Sociology and Demography, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany.

We study gendered employment patterns in unions by focusing on the role of exogamy for non-migrants in Germany. Classical assimilation theory has studied such mixed migrant-non-migrant unions mainly with a focus on the members of ethnic minorities. However, this perspective neglects the question of the social consequences of exogamy for the members of the majority group. Read More

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E-cigarette manufacturers' compliance with clinical trial reporting expectations: a case series of registered trials by Juul Labs.

Tob Control 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are a frequently debated topic in public health. It is essential that clinical trials examining e-cigarettes are fully and accurately reported, especially given long-standing concerns about tobacco industry research. We assess the reporting of clinical trials sponsored by Juul Labs, the largest e-cigarette company in the USA, against accepted reporting standards. Read More

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Qualitative Clinical Trial Exit Interviews Evaluating Treatment Benefit, Burden, and Satisfaction in Patients with Schizophrenia.

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr;26(2):156-157

CNS Network, LLC, Garden Grove, CA, USA.

Objective: An open-label extension study (NCT02873208) evaluated the long-term tolerability, safety, and efficacy of combination olanzapine/samidorphan (OLZ/SAM) treatment in patients with schizophrenia. This qualitative sub study explored perceptions of benefit, burden, and satisfaction with previous medications and OLZ/SAM.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews (60 minutes; audio-recorded) were conducted. Read More

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Breastfeeding and employed mothers in Ethiopia: legal protection, arrangement, and support.

Int Breastfeed J 2021 Jun 14;16(1):45. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

College of Medicine and Health Science Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia.

Background: Breastfeeding is the single, most cost-effective intervention to reduce worldwide child mortality. Women empowerment interventions have positive impacts on child and maternal nutritional, and health status. Women's employment and economic participation in Ethiopia have shown progress over the past three decades. Read More

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Investigating the Prevalence of Hearing Loss and its Related Factors in Professional Drivers in Shahroud City, Iran.

Int J Occup Saf Ergon 2021 Jun 15:1-13. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

School of Allied Medical Sciences, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran

A cohort study was designed and implemented to determine the prevalence of hearing problems and their related factors in professional drivers in Shahroud city. 1461 professional drivers were examined. Demographic information, work history, blood parameters, anthropometric, and audiometric tests' data were collected. Read More

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New graduate employment in general practice: Perceptions of final-year nursing students.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Jun 8;54:103115. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Professor of Primary Health Care Nursing, School of Nursing, Faculty of Science, Medicine & Health, Illawarra Health & Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Northfields Ave Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia. Electronic address:

Aim/objective: This paper sought to investigate the perceptions of final-year nursing students regarding general practice nursing as a new graduate career path.

Background: General practice nurses have become increasingly important in providing community-based care, in response to the growing burden of chronic conditions and the ageing population. To sustain this workforce, there is a need to optimise strategies to promote a consistent supply of new graduate nurses. Read More

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Trauma-related differences in socio-emotional functioning predict housing and employment outcomes in homeless veterans.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jun 2;281:114096. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, 01655, USA; Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research, Bedford VA Medical Center, Bedford, MA, 01730, USA.

Rationale: Mental health and substance use disorders are strong risk factors for homelessness. Understanding the role of transdiagnostic factors could help inform efforts to reduce homelessness among veterans with a range of disorders. Homeless veterans have high rates of trauma exposure, which can result in the depletion of social and emotional resources that may contribute to housing and employment stability. Read More

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A qualitative study of the needs of older adults with intellectual disabilities.

J Appl Res Intellect Disabil 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

St Michael's House Disability Services, Dublin 9, Ireland.

Background: Research indicates that adults with intellectual disabilities are living longer. However, there is limited research on how this affects health and care needs.

Objective: The present study aimed to examine the health and social care needs of older adults with intellectual disabilities in Ireland using multiple informants. Read More

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Does having children affect women's oral health? A longitudinal study.

J Public Health Dent 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

University of Otago - Sir John Walsh Research Institute, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Background: Many believe women's oral health deteriorates as a result of having children. If so, such associations should exist among women but not among men. The aims of this study were to investigate whether number of children is associated with experience of dental disease and tooth loss among both men and women and to examine whether this association is affected by other variables of interest. Read More

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Comparison of Psychological Health Problems between Families Living with Stroke Survivors and the General Population in the Community.

Chonnam Med J 2021 May 24;57(2):118-125. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Preventive Medicine and Institute of Wonkwang Medical Science, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Korea.

This study aimed to identify and assess the differences in psychological health problems between families living with stroke survivors (FwSS) and the general population without stroke families (GwoSF). A total of 4,514 cases of FwSS were selected for analysis from the 2013 Korea Community Health Survey. In order to determine control groups in GwoSF, propensity scores were generated based on the sociodemographic characteristics of age, gender, residential region, marital status, educational level, monthly household income, and employment status. Read More

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Scattering oblique plane microscopy for blood cell imaging.

Biomed Opt Express 2021 May 5;12(5):2575-2585. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA.

Oblique plane microscopy (OPM) enables high speed, volumetric fluorescence imaging through a single-objective geometry. While these advantages have positioned OPM as a valuable tool to probe biological questions in animal models, its potential for human imaging is largely unexplored due to its typical use with exogenous fluorescent dyes. Here we introduce a scattering-contrast oblique plane microscope (sOPM) and demonstrate label-free imaging of blood cells flowing through human capillaries . Read More

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Social Isolation During COVID-19 Pandemic. Perceived Stress and Containment Measures Compliance Among Polish and Italian Residents.

Front Psychol 2021 28;12:673514. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Developmental Psychiatry, Psychotic and Geriatric Disorders, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland.

Background: In this study, we analyze the association of social isolation in the first phase of the pandemic with perceived stress among residents of Poland and Italy with a look at how these populations adjust to and comply with implemented regulations, guidelines, and restrictions.

Materials And Methods: Internet survey with Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) and questions regarding mobility patterns, attitude, and propensity to adjust toward the implemented measures and current health condition was made among Polish and Italian residents (Cronbach's alpha 0.86 and 0. Read More

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Employment of leaf extract for zinc nanoparticles fabrication and their antibacterial and cytotoxicity.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Jun 4;28(6):3303-3308. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Faculty of Science, Biology Section, Princess Nourah Bent Abdul-Rahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

The plant belongs to Saudi Arabia, which is one of the native places and now cultured throughout the global countries. Medical care in the Arab world is an essential outlet for medicinal plants, both because they are crucial elements for prophetic medicine and due to their lengthy background in the Middle East. is one of the medicinal plants used in the Saudi Arabia. Read More

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Towards decent work in the digital age: introducing the fairwork project in Germany.

Z Arbeitswiss 2021 Jun 7:1-6. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, 1 St Giles', Oxford OX1 3JS, UK.

The Fairwork Project is an international action-research project that currently operates in over 20 countries. The project focuses on working conditions in the platform economy, in order to develop 'fairness ratings' for digital labour platforms. With respect to Germany, the project evaluated the working conditions offered by ten digital labour platforms, by scoring them against the Fairwork principles and producing a national league table. Read More

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COVID-index: A texture-based approach to classifying lung lesions based on CT images.

Pattern Recognit 2021 Nov 6;119:108083. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Information Systems, Federal University of Piauí R. Cícero Duarte, 905, Junco, Picos 64607-670, PI, Brazil.

COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered type of coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. Since the discovery of this disease in late 2019, COVID-19 has become a worldwide concern, mainly due to its high degree of contagion. As of April 2021, the number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 reported to the World Health Organization has already exceeded 135 million worldwide, while the number of deaths exceeds 2. Read More

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November 2021

Immune response to hepatitis B vaccination and factors associated with poor immune response among healthcare workers.

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Jun;24(6):795-801

Department of Medicine, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Changwon, South Korea.

Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major global health problem, and healthcare workers (HCWs) are at high risk for HBV infection. Current guidelines strongly recommend immunization and screening for high-risk groups.

Aims: We evaluated immunization and screening for HBV vaccination, assessed post-vaccination immune status of HCW's and characterized potential risk factors associated with poor immune response. Read More

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"Associations of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Depressive Symptoms over Time: Are there Differences by Education, Race/Ethnicity, and Gender?"

Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 2021 Jun 13. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

American Heart Association, 7272 Greenville Ave, Dallas, TX, 75231, USA.

Objective: To examine associations between changes in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) symptoms and depressive symptoms, adjusted for other time-varying characteristics, and to test if these associations differed by education, race/ethnicity, or gender.

Methods: Data from the 1988-98 United States National Rheumatoid Arthritis Study were analyzed (n = 854). Time-varying covariates included year of the study, pain, functional ability, household work disability, parental status, marital status, employment status, and social support. Read More

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SNAP Restrictions that Punish People Formerly and Currently Under Correctional Supervision.

J Health Care Poor Underserved 2021 ;32(2):654-663

Millions of Americans are formerly or currently under correctional supervision and their involvement with the correctional system imposes collateral consequences beyond sentencing times. We explore the creation of extended punishment through the intersection of correctional system involvement, food insecurity, and two Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) policies. Given the high prevalence of food insecurity, individuals with correctional supervision involvement are likely to need assistance from SNAP; however, they face more barriers accessing SNAP benefits than the general population. Read More

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January 2021

Analysis of the correlation between students' self-compassion and external pressure under chronic stress response.

Work 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Biotechnology, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Although the environment of college students is relatively safe, they are faced with the pressure of study, interpersonal relationship, and even future employment, which leads to a variety of psychological disorders, among which stress response is the most common one. As a new concept of healthy self, it is not clear how self - compassion affects students' stress response.

Objective: This study aimed to analyze the role of students' self-compassion based on chronic stress response in negative emotional regulation and coping style selection caused by external pressure, and to provide a theoretical basis for the application of self-compassion in regulating individual emotions in the future. Read More

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Failure to take-up public healthcare entitlements: Evidence from the Medical Card system in Ireland.

Soc Sci Med 2021 May 24;281:114069. Epub 2021 May 24.

Affiliated to the Economic and Social Research Institute and Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.

While population health and welfare can be improved through the provision of non-cash benefits, such as free healthcare, many welfare improving schemes have low rates of take up amongst those eligible for such a benefit. One interesting example of this is the Medical Card scheme in Ireland. Medical Cards are a non-cash benefit that provide free primary, community, and hospital care, as well as heavily subsidised prescriptions drugs, for those below specific income means-test threshold. Read More

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Nurses' perceptions and attitudes toward family-centered care in acute pediatric care settings in Jordan.

J Pediatr Nurs 2021 Jun 10;61:207-212. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Purpose: Perceptions and attitudes toward working with parents may influence nurses' family-centered clinical care practices. There is a paucity of research measuring family-centered care among nurses working with children and their parents in Jordan. The purpose of this study was to explore nurses' perceptions of family-centered care by examining nurses' attitudes toward working with children and their parents, as well as toward family-centeredness. Read More

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Economic empowerment and intimate partner violence: a secondary data analysis of the cross-sectional Demographic Health Surveys in Sub-Saharan Africa.

BMC Womens Health 2021 06 12;21(1):241. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been recognized as a defining human rights, development and public health issue of our time. Economic empowerment is one of the most promising interventions to reduce IPV in sub-Saharan Africa, yet the evidence around economic factors that are key to ensure a reduction in IPV are still mixed. Furthermore, there is a lack of clarity on what kinds of economic empowerment works for which population group. Read More

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