237 results match your criteria emotionality aspects


Effortful control moderates the relation between negative emotionality and socially appropriate behavior.

J Exp Child Psychol 2021 Jul 17;207:105119. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Seattle Pacific University, Seattle, WA 98119, USA.

The current study investigated the relation between negative emotionality and socially appropriate behavior in a diverse sample of preschool and kindergarten children (N = 74). More specifically, we tested whether effortful control would moderate this relation. A computerized task measured children's effortful control by assessing their accuracy in shifting attention between different emotionally valenced faces (happy and angry) while inhibiting their responses to neutral faces. Read More

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[The latent structure of psychodynamic and psychological personality models: Conjoint investigation of OPD-CQ, OPD-SQS and BFI-2].

Z Psychosom Med Psychother 2021 Mar 15:OA5. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Mind Institute SE Werderscher Markt 12 10117 Berlin Deutschland.

Meanwhile, psychodynamic self-report questionnaires for the assessment of structure and conflict as aspects of personality have been developed. References to the psychological Big Five model, which is becoming more important due to the ongoing paradigm shift in the medical classification systems of personality disorders, are still unclear. The hierarchical factor structure of the psychodynamic scales of the OPD Conflict Questionnaire (OPD-CQ) and the short version of the OPD Structure Questionnaire (OPDSQS) as well as the psychological scales of the Big Five Inventory 2 (BFI-2) was investigated. Read More

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Opium Effect in Pregnancy on the Dynamics of Maternal Behavior: Testing a Neurochemical Model.

Neuropsychobiology 2021 19;80(2):147-157. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Investigations into neurochemical mechanisms of opioid addiction are difficult due to the complexity of behavior and multiplicity of involved neurotransmitter and hormonal systems. The aim of this study was to examine the benefits of structured analysis of these mechanisms using the framework of the neurochemical model Functional Ensemble of Temperament (FET) and the example of maternal behavior under the condition of opium consumption in pregnancy. The FET differentiates between (a) endurance, (b) speed of integration, and (c) emotionality aspects of behavior suggesting that these systems are differentially regulated by (a) serotonin-neuropeptides-brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), (b) dopamine-GABA, and (c) opioid receptor systems, correspondingly. Read More

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February 2021

A systematic review and realist synthesis on toilet paper hoarding: COVID or not COVID, that is the question.

PeerJ 2021 29;9:e10771. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Department of Psychiatry, Psychology and Psychosomatics, Dexeus University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain.

Objective: To explore whether the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is associated with toilet paper hoarding and to assess which risk factors are associated with the risk of toilet paper hoarding.

Design: A systematic review and realist review were conducted.

Data Sources: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and PsycINFO were searched (systematic review). Read More

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January 2021

Examining the Role of Microbiota in Emotional Behavior: Antibiotic Treatment Exacerbates Anxiety in High Anxiety-Prone Male Rats.

Neuroscience 2021 04 1;459:179-197. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

School of Neuroscience, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA.

Intestinal microbiota are essential for healthy gastrointestinal function and also broadly influence brain function and behavior, in part, through changes in immune function. Gastrointestinal disorders are highly comorbid with psychiatric disorders, although biological mechanisms linking these disorders are poorly understood. The present study utilized rats bred for distinct emotional behavior phenotypes to examine relationships between emotionality, the microbiome, and immune markers. Read More

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Symptomatological Variants and Related Clinical Features in Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 01 21;18(3). Epub 2021 Jan 21.

2nd Psychiatric Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Santa Chiara University Hospital, University of Pisa, 56100 Pisa, Italy.

A large amount of the current literature has focused on the characteristic symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. In contrast, less attention has been devoted to ADHD clinical subtypes in adult patients. We evaluated 164 consecutive adult ADHD (A-ADHD) outpatients using DSM-5 criteria and many specific rating scales and questionnaires. Read More

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January 2021

People with dyssomnia showed increased vulnerability to CoVID-19 pandemic: a questionnaire-based study exploring the patterns and predictors of sleep quality using the latent class analysis technique in Indian population.

Sleep Med 2021 03 2;79:29-39. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

Centre for Consciousness Studies, Department of Neurophysiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: CoVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent lockdown have impacted the sleep quality and the overall wellbeing of mankind. The present epidemiological study measured various aspects of sleep disturbance such as sleep quality, daytime impairments, negative emotionality, sleep hygiene, and well-being associated with CoVID-19 pandemic among the Indian population.

Methods: This cross-sectional voluntary online survey (using Google form) was communicated across the country from 4th June to 3rd July 2020 through mail and social media applications. Read More

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Does valence contribute to the effects of dual tasking in aversive autobiographical memory? Some unexpected findings.

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 2021 Jun 9;71:101616. Epub 2020 Sep 9.

Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology, Centre of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases, Tilburg University, Postbus 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, the Netherlands; Department of Anxiety and Obsessive Compulsive Disorders, PsyQ, Lijnbaan 4, 2512, VA, The Hague, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background And Objectives: Lab experiments show that engaging in a working memory task while recalling an aversive memory reduces emotionality and vividness of memories. Studies targeting lab induced negative memory with valenced secondary tasks show promise, but work is needed on autobiographical memories to make it more in line with the original dual tasking research and PTSD treatment in clinical populations. In this study, we address this gap by evaluating differential effectiveness of valenced dual tasks on emotionality and vividness of aversive autobiographical memories. Read More

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How Trauma, Depression, and Gender Roles Lead to Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration Among a Sample of Predominately Low-Income Black, Indigenous, Men of Color: A Mixed Methods Study.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Oct 21:886260520967139. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Despite decades of research and significant efforts by practitioners and advocates, intimate partner violence (IPV) in the United States remains a public health issue that disproportionately affects racial/ethnic minorities. The lack of mixed methods and qualitative studies, particularly with Black, Indigenous, Men of Color (BIMOC), limits the field's ability to tease apart the complex, multifaceted aspects of IPV perpetration and minimizes diverse perspectives of how childhood trauma and key proximal factors culminate in IPV perpetration. An explanatory design, follow-up explanations model, was used with a sample of predominately low-income BIMOC in a batterer intervention program (BIP). Read More

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October 2020

Psychometric investigation of the French version of the Aberrant Salience Inventory (ASI): differentiating patients with psychosis, patients with other psychiatric diagnoses and non-clinical participants.

Ann Gen Psychiatry 2020 3;19:58. Epub 2020 Oct 3.

Community Psychiatry Service, Department of Psychiatry, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Consultations de Chauderon, Lausanne, Switzerland.

During the prodromal phase of psychosis, individuals may experience an aberrant attribution of salience to irrelevant stimuli. The concept of aberrant salience has been hypothesized to be a central mechanism in the emergence and maintenance of psychosis. The 29-item Aberrant Salience Inventory (ASI) was designed to measure five aspects of aberrant salience. Read More

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October 2020

Examining the Factor Structure and Validity of the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness.

J Pers Assess 2020 Sep 21:1-10. Epub 2020 Sep 21.

Individual Differences and Psychological Assessment Lab, Institute of Psychology and Education, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.

The goal of this study was to psychometrically evaluate the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA), a popular self-report questionnaire claimed to assess the most important subjective aspects of interoception. We collected data in two samples (N = 644 and N = 1,516) and focused on the factor structure and validity of MAIA, as well as its associations with personality traits. Confirmatory Factor Analysis suggested that six of the eight subscales measure a common general factor of self-reported ; two MAIA subscales, and were only weakly related to this factor. Read More

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September 2020

Morning affect, eveningness, and amplitude distinctness: associations with negative emotionality, including the mediating roles of sleep quality, personality, and metacognitive beliefs.

Authors:
Richard Carciofo

Chronobiol Int 2020 11 13;37(11):1565-1579. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Department of Health and Environmental Sciences, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University , Suzhou, China.

Eveningness has been associated with maladaptive behavior, poor sleep quality, and psychological disorder. However, while much research has utilized unidimensional measures of morningness-eveningness, the current study aimed to test associations between negative emotionality (depression, anxiety, and stress/DAS) and the circadian rhythm components of morning affect/alertness, eveningness, and amplitude of diurnal variation (distinctness). Associations with maladaptive metacognitive beliefs, neuroticism, conscientiousness, and sleep quality were also investigated, and possible indirect (mediation) effects between the circadian rhythm components and negative emotionality were explored. Read More

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November 2020

Psychometric Properties and a Preliminary Validation Study of the Italian Brief Version of the Communication Styles Inventory (CSI-B/I).

Front Psychol 2020 22;11:1421. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Human Sciences, Society and Health, University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Cassino, Italy.

People will typically develop a communication style that tends to be coherent with their own fundamental personality traits. The current debate on communication style acknowledges the construct of adaptive behavior as an appropriate area where to include both the strictly personal aspects and social learning and cultural assimilation, which translate into communicative style as a specific form of adaptation integrating the behavioral and personality perspectives. Due to the lack of instruments in the Italian psychometric scenario to assess communication styles, the present study included the translation and validation of the Italian short version of the (CSI-B/I). Read More

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Near-Death Experience Memories Include More Episodic Components Than Flashbulb Memories.

Front Psychol 2020 13;11:888. Epub 2020 May 13.

Coma Science Group, GIGA-Consciousness, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium.

Memories of near-death experiences (NDEs) are recalled as "realer" than memories of other real or imagined events. Given their rich phenomenology, emotionality and consequentiality, it was hypothesized that they could meet some aspects of the definition of flashbulb memories. We aimed to identify and compare the episodic and non-episodic information provided in verbal recollections of NDE, flashbulb, and control autobiographical memories. Read More

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Implication of core beliefs about negative-self in neuroticism.

Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract 2020 Sep 13;24(3):278-283. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Yamagata University School of Medicine, Yamagata, Japan.

Core beliefs about negative-self are beliefs about self-deficiencies in basic aspects of human adaptation. Meanwhile, neuroticism is a personality trait characterised by negative emotionality, i.e. Read More

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September 2020

When do mothers' executive functions contribute to their representations of their child's mind? A contextual view on parental reflective functioning and mind-mindedness.

Dev Psychol 2020 Jun 27;56(6):1191-1206. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Psychology.

refers to parents' capacity to treat their children as having minds of their own and consider the mental states underlying their behaviors. This study examined the roles of mothers' executive functions (EFs), a group of processes supporting self-regulation, in 2 aspects of parental mentalization-spontaneity as measured by mind-mindedness (MM), and complexity as measured by parental reflective functioning (PRF)-while examining child- and family related contextual-moderators. Ninety-nine mothers of 66-month-old preschool children (40 full-term, 59 preterm) completed EFs tasks, were interviewed regarding their child and coparenting, and rated their perception of their child as being difficult (i. Read More

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[Validation of the French version of the 10-item Big Five Inventory].

Encephale 2020 Dec 21;46(6):455-462. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of psychology et institute of personality and social research, university of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, États-Unis; Paris, France.

Objective: Our primary objective was to validate the French version of the BFI-10, an ultra-short ten-item version of the Big Five Inventory (BFI; John et al., 1991), which allows for a reasonably accurate assessment of personality in circumstances in which more in-depth assessment is not possible. In order to reach a thorough evaluation of the external validity, we also aimed to examine the bandwidth of the BFI-10 scales with reference to the study by De Young, Quilty and Peterson (2007) who distinguished between two aspects in each of the Big Five: Assertiveness and Enthusiasm for Extraversion; Compassion and Politeness for Agreeability; Orderliness and Productiveness for Conscientiousness; Withdrawal and Volatility for Negative Emotionality, and finally Openness to Aesthetics and Openness to Ideas for Open-Mindedness. Read More

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December 2020

Using mouse tracking to investigate auditory taboo effects in first and second language speakers of American English.

Cogn Emot 2020 09 17;34(6):1291-1299. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Language Research Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Researchers have argued that bilingual speakers experience less emotion in their second language. However, some studies have failed to find differences in emotionality between first and second language speakers. We used computer mouse tracking in an auditory lexical decision task to examine taboo effects - more efficient processing of taboo than neutral words - in first (L1) and second (L2) language speakers of American English. Read More

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September 2020

A Cohort Study of Relations Among Caregiver-Infant Co-Occupation and Reciprocity.

OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2020 10 9;40(4):261-269. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Idaho State University, Pocatello, USA.

Co-occupation is the mutual engagement of two people in a shared occupation. Recent research has investigated co-occupational activities during sensitive periods to inform clinical practice. However, there remains a dearth of applied research to bridge gaps between research and practice within salient co-occupational relationships between caregivers and infants. Read More

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October 2020

Fibromyalgia: heterogeneity in personality and psychopathology and its implications.

Psychol Health Med 2020 07 24;25(6):703-709. Epub 2019 Nov 24.

Faculdade de Psicologia, Universidade de Lisboa and Business Research Unit (BRU-IUL) , Lisbon, Portugal.

The fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) is a chronic widespread pain condition whose etiology remains unknown and no treatment has satisfactory levels of success. A meta-analysis has identified a distinct Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) clinical profile between FM female patients and healthy controls, and differences between FM and other chronic pain condition with clear etiology have also been found. However, heterogeneity in this population has been suggested in several studies. Read More

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Examining the Validity of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire in the Assessment of Police Candidates.

Assessment 2021 01 13;28(1):295-309. Epub 2019 Nov 13.

Kent State University, Kent, OH, USA.

A well-validated test of normal personality functioning is necessary in preemployment evaluations of candidates for public safety positions. In this study, we evaluated the construct validity and predictive validity of one such measure, the (MPQ), in a large sample of candidates for law enforcement positions. We examined associations between MPQ scale scores and biographical data, clinician suitability ratings on the 10 established California Commission on Peace Officer and Standards and Training (POST) psychological screening dimensions, and (for a subsample) posthire performance outcome data. Read More

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January 2021

Processing gender agreement errors in pleasant and unpleasant words: An ERP study at the sentence level.

Neurosci Lett 2020 01 15;714:134538. Epub 2019 Oct 15.

Cognitive Processes & Behaviour Research Group, Department of English and German, University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain), Spain. Electronic address:

In this study we examine the extent to which aspects such as the emotionality coded in words may interfere with the processing of gender agreement errors in a sentence grammaticality judgement task. We follow the methodological pattern of our previous experiments, using consistently the same kind of structure and task (gender agreement) and only emotional (pleasant vs unpleasant) words, in an attempt to clarify whether neural correlates and performance show similar patterns in positive and negative words. We found an emotional effect in the N400 time window for unpleasant adjectives as well as the classic grammaticality effects in the left anterior negativity (LAN) and the P600 components. Read More

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January 2020

The role of the amygdala in emotional experience during retrieval of personal memories.

Memory 2019 11 30;27(10):1362-1370. Epub 2019 Aug 30.

Department of Psychology, Boston College , Chestnut Hill , MA , USA.

Although the role of the amygdala in emotional memory retrieval has long been established, how such engagement varies depending on valence and retrieval context is less clearly understood. Participants retrieved personal memories associated with and images, pressing a button when successful. The button press divided trials into and phases. Read More

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November 2019

Relations Between Dimensions of Emotional Intelligence, Specific Aspects of Empathy, and Non-verbal Sensitivity.

Front Psychol 2019 14;10:1066. Epub 2019 May 14.

Department of Basic Psychology II, National University of Distance Education, Madrid, Spain.

In this work, on the one hand, we examined the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and empathy and, on the other, the relationship between EI and non-verbal sensitivity, through two independent studies. The first study analyzed the relationship between dimensions of EI and aspects of empathy, in a sample of 856 participants who completed two measures of EI, the trait meta-mood scale (TMMS) and the trait emotional intelligence questionnaire (TEIQue), and a measure of empathy, the interpersonal reactivity index (IRI). The results showed a similar pattern of significant positive relations in all the EI domains with empathic perspective-taking (PT), and significant negative relationships with empathic personal distress (PD), except for the EI domain of attention, which had a positive relationship. Read More

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Conditional knockout of UBC13 produces disturbances in gait and spontaneous locomotion and exploration in mice.

Sci Rep 2019 03 13;9(1):4379. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Neuroscience, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, 63110, USA.

Here we have characterized the functional impairments resulting from conditional knockout of the ubiquitin-conjugating E2 enzyme (UBC13) in rodent cerebellar granule neurons, which greatly increases the parallel fiber presynaptic boutons and functional parallel fiber/Purkinje cell synapses. We report that conditional UBC13 knockout mice exhibit reliable deficits on several gait-related variables when their velocity of ambulation is tightly controlled by a moving treadmill and by restricting space for movement. Selected gait parameters and movement patterns related to spontaneous exploration in an open field may also be affected in conditional UBC13 knockout mice. Read More

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[Personality and depression: A review of theory model and behavior and neural mechanism].

Sheng Li Xue Bao 2019 Feb;71(1):163-172

Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (Ministry of Education), Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China.

The analysis of the relationship between personality and depression can facilitate the development of subclinical preventive measures and clinical treatment schemes. Moreover, the personality is associated with a variety of mental diseases, and there is substantial comorbidity between depression and some other mental diseases. So, to reveal pathological relationships between personality and depression is helpful to understand the etiology of the comorbidity between depression and multiple mental disorders. Read More

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February 2019

Newborn amygdala connectivity and early emerging fear.

Dev Cogn Neurosci 2019 06 12;37:100604. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Behavioral Neuroscience, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA. Electronic address:

Connectivity between the amygdala, insula (Amygdala-aI) and ventral medial prefrontal cortex (Amygdala-vmPFC) have been implicated in individual variability in fear and vulnerability to psychiatric disorders. However, it is currently unknown to what extent connectivity between these regions in the newborn period is relevant for the development of fear and other aspects of negative emotionality (NE), such as sadness. Here, we investigate newborn Am-Ins and Am-vmPFC resting state functional connectivity in relation to developmental trajectories of fear and sadness over the first two years of life using data from the Infant Behavior Questionnaire Revised (IBQ-R) and Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) (N=62). Read More

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CA1 knockdown recapitulates hippocampal cognitive phenotypes in old mice which nicotinamide mononucleotide improves.

NPJ Aging Mech Dis 2018 8;4:10. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

1Department of Developmental Biology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA.

Cognitive dysfunction is one of the most concerning outcomes in global population aging. However, the mechanisms by which cognitive functions are impaired during aging remain elusive. It has been established that NAD levels are reduced in multiple tissues and organs, including the brain. Read More

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November 2018

The Impact of Caregiving on the Association Between Infant Emotional Behavior and Resting State Neural Network Functional Topology.

Front Psychol 2018 15;9:1968. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

The extent to which neural networks underlying emotional behavior in infancy serve as precursors of later behavioral and emotional problems is unclear. Even less is known about caregiving influences on these early brain-behavior relationships. To study brain-emotional behavior relationships in infants, we examined resting-state functional network metrics and infant emotional behavior in the context of early maternal caregiving. Read More

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October 2018

Psychological Distress, Self-Beliefs, and Risk of Cognitive Impairment and Dementia.

J Alzheimers Dis 2018 ;65(3):1041-1050

Florida State University College of Medicine, Tallahassee, FL, USA.

Depressive symptoms and a history of mental disorders are associated with increased risk for dementia. Less is known about whether other aspects of psychological distress and negative self-beliefs also increase risk. The purpose of this research is to examine 1) whether eight aspects of psychological distress and self-beliefs (anxiety, negative affect, hostility, anger-in, anger-out, hopelessness, pessimism, perceived constraints) are associated with risk of incident dementia and cognitive impairment not dementia (CIND), 2) whether the associations are independent of depressive symptoms and history of a mental health diagnosis, and 3) whether the associations are also independent of behavioral, clinical, and genetic risk factors. Read More

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