3,630 results match your criteria emerging records

Bibliometric assessment and key messages of sporotrichosis research (1945-2018).

F1000Res 2020 29;9:654. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Mycology Laboratory, Evandro Chagas National Institute of Infectious Diseases (INI), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21040900, Brazil.

Sporotrichosis has recently emerged as an important mycosis worldwide, with diverse transmission and epidemiologic profiles. For instance, in Brazil most cases are related to zoonotic transmission from naturally infected cats, and the majority of cases in China are due to external injury with environmental materials. Publications on sporotrichosis and on its etiologic agent may guide the direction of the research in this field. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

New monogeneans from the bathydemersal southern African endemic catshark, Holohalaelurus regani (Gilchrist, 1922).

Syst Parasitol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Fish Health Research Group, Norwegian Veterinary Institute, P.O. Box 750 Sentrum, 0106, Oslo, Norway.

The catshark genus Holohalaelurus Fowler is currently represented by five species distributed off the southern and eastern parts of the African coast. Very few parasitological records exist for any of these five species, representing a significant knowledge gap. We report the first monogenean species from the bathydemersal species Holohalaelurus regani (Gilchrist): a new species of Microbothriidae Price, 1936, Leptomicrobothrium holohalaelure n. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Making every contact count: recognising obesity in paediatric and young adult cardiology.

Cardiol Young 2021 May 11:1-6. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Dietetics/SLT, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK.

Introduction: With increased survival, children with CHD are reaching adulthood, however, obesity amongst this cohort is an emerging problem. Making every contact count encourages clinicians to utilise contact to elicit behaviour change. The aim of this work was to identify whether the body habitus of children classified as obese was addressed during a clinical review. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Building the Sierra Leone Ebola Database: organization and characteristics of data systematically collected during 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic.

Ann Epidemiol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, United States.

Background: During the 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa, the Sierra Leone Ministry of Health and Sanitation (MoHS), the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and responding partners under the coordination of the National Ebola Response Center (NERC) and the MoHS's Emergency Operation Center (EOC) systematically recorded information from the 117 Call Center system and district alert phone lines, case investigations, laboratory sample testing, clinical management, and safe and dignified burial records. Since 2017, CDC assisted MoHS in building and managing the Sierra Leone Ebola Database (SLED) to consolidate these major data sources. The primary objectives of the project were helping families to identify the location of graves of their loved ones who died at the time of the Ebola epidemic through the SLED Family Reunification Program and creating a data source for epidemiological research. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

COVID-19 and violence against children: A review of early studies.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Apr 14:105053. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

UNICEF, Data and Analytics Section, 3 UN Plaza, New York, NY 10017, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Throughout the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, researchers across the globe have attempted to understand how the health and socioeconomic crisis brought about by the coronavirus is affecting children's exposure to violence. Since containment measures have disrupted many data collection and research efforts, studies have had to rely on existing data or design new approaches to gathering relevant information.

Objective: This article reviews the literature that has been produced on children's exposure to violence during the pandemic to understand emerging patterns and critically appraise methodologies to help inform the design of future studies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Assessing implementation fidelity in the First Episode Rapid Early Intervention for Eating Disorders service model.

BJPsych Open 2021 May 7;7(3):e98. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, UK; and Eating Disorder Outpatient Service, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Background: The First Episode Rapid Early Intervention for Eating Disorders (FREED) service model is associated with significant reductions in wait times and improved clinical outcomes for emerging adults with recent-onset eating disorders. An understanding of how FREED is implemented is a necessary precondition to enable an attribution of these findings to key components of the model, namely the wait-time targets and care package.

Aims: This study evaluated fidelity to the FREED service model during the multicentre FREED-Up study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Advancing physician wellness, engagement and excellence in a mental health setting: a Canadian perspective.

Health Promot Int 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 1001 Queen Street West, Toronto, M6J 1H4 Ontario, Canada.

This article describes the development and implementation of wellness initiatives within a large Canadian academic mental health hospital, based on the Mental Health Commission of Canada's workplace standards for mental health. To support the implementation of an organizational framework for physician wellness, a needs assessment of Centre for Addiction and Mental Health physicians (N = 181) was conducted between 21 November and 5 December 2017, including measuring physician burnout rates using two items on the Maslach Burnout Inventory tool. Based on findings, and the organizational wellness framework, a multi-pronged wellness approach was developed, improving physician supports at the individual, team and organizational levels. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Integrating Option Grid Patient Decision Aids in the Epic Electronic Health Record: Case Study at 5 Health Systems.

J Med Internet Res 2021 May 3;23(5):e22766. Epub 2021 May 3.

Dartmouth College, Lebanon, NH, United States.

Background: Some researchers argue that the successful implementation of patient decision aids (PDAs) into clinical workflows depends on their integration into electronic health records (EHRs). Anecdotally, we know that EHR integration is a complex and time-consuming task; yet, the process has not been examined in detail. As part of an implementation project, we examined the work involved in integrating an encounter PDA for symptomatic uterine fibroids into Epic EHR systems. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal (ECCO2R) therapy in COPD and ARDS patients with severe hypercapnic respiratory failure. A retrospective case-control study.

Turk J Med Sci 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Background/aim: Treatment of severe hypercapnic respiratory failure (HRF) has some challenges in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), especially when lung protective ventilation (LPV) strategies are required. Extracorporeal CO2 removal (ECCO2R) therapy is an emerging option to manage hypercapnia while allowing LPV in these cases. However, further data on ECCO2R use are still needed to clear recommendations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A scoping review of the literature featuring research ethics and research integrity cases.

BMC Med Ethics 2021 Apr 30;22(1):50. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Center for Ethics and Law in Biomedicine, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary.

Background: The areas of Research Ethics (RE) and Research Integrity (RI) are rapidly evolving. Cases of research misconduct, other transgressions related to RE and RI, and forms of ethically questionable behaviors have been frequently published. The objective of this scoping review was to collect RE and RI cases, analyze their main characteristics, and discuss how these cases are represented in the scientific literature. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Corticosteroids May Have Negative Effects on the Management of Patients with Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome: A Case-Control Study.

Viruses 2021 04 28;13(5). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Rheumatology, Infectious Diseases, and Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki 889-1692, Japan.

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging viral hemorrhagic fever in China, Korea, and Japan. To date, no standardized treatment protocol for SFTS has been established. Corticosteroids (CS) may be administered to patients with SFTS and hemophagocytic syndrome, but its effectiveness and safety are still debatable. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Maternal depression, adverse childhood experiences, and social support in relation to gestational diabetes risk: results from the Albany Infant and Mother Study (AIMS).

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Apr 27;21(1):335. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University at Albany School of Public Health, Rensselaer, USA.

Background: Psychosocial factors are of increasing interest as potential influencers in disease development. This study explores associations between gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and maternal depression, adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), and social support, in response to emerging evidence in these areas.

Methods: An observational, prospective cohort study (AIMS) served as the source of secondary data for this study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Illustrated guide to Pentatominae (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) species associated with the four main grain crops in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil.

Zootaxa 2021 Apr 14;4958(1):zootaxa.4958.1.27. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Laboratory of Systematic Entomology, Department of Zoology, Institute of Biosciences, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS). Av. Bento Gonçalves 9500, CEP 91509-900, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..

Several stink bugs in the subfamily Pentatominae are crop pests or have the potential to damage plants of economic importance. In the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, where agriculture plays a major role in the economy, the knowledge about pest stink bugs is fragmented and, in some instances, outdated. This work provides a summary of Pentatominae species recorded in Rio Grande do Sul feeding on the four most important grain crops for the state, i. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Systemic infections associated with tattoos or permanent makeup: A systematic review.

Med Clin (Barc) 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

NESMOS Department, Sapienza University of Rome, Azienda Ospedaliera Sant'Andrea, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: The aim of this article is to summarize published information on systemic infective complications of tattoos to gain an update of the current picture.

Methods: A literature search was performed in PubMed database (2009-2019), and compared with a search without year restriction. Eligibility criteria were studies on systemic tattoo-related infections, including case reports, case series, outbreak investigations, reviews, and systematic reviews. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Interim findings from first-dose mass COVID-19 vaccination roll-out and COVID-19 hospital admissions in Scotland: a national prospective cohort study.

Lancet 2021 05 23;397(10285):1646-1657. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Usher Institute, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Background: The BNT162b2 mRNA (Pfizer-BioNTech) and ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 (Oxford-AstraZeneca) COVID-19 vaccines have shown high efficacy against disease in phase 3 clinical trials and are now being used in national vaccination programmes in the UK and several other countries. Studying the real-world effects of these vaccines is an urgent requirement. The aim of our study was to investigate the association between the mass roll-out of the first doses of these COVID-19 vaccines and hospital admissions for COVID-19. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

mHealth for transgender and gender-expansive youth: harnessing gender-affirmative cross-disciplinary innovations to advance HIV prevention and care interventions.

Mhealth 2021 20;7:37. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Friends Research Institute, Inc., Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Transgender and gender-expansive (TGE) youth endure stark disparities in health and wellbeing compared to their cisgender peers. A key social determinant of health for TGE adolescents and emerging adults is gender affirmation, which encompasses multidimensional validations of an individual's lived gender. Lacking available resources for one's gender affirmation, TGE young people may engage in high-risk maladaptive coping behaviors, linked to their disproportionately high HIV-acquisition risk. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

New records of bacteria in different species of fleas from France and Spain.

Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2021 Jun 6;76:101648. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

IHU-Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France; Aix Marseille Univ, IRD, AP-HM, SSA, VITROME, Marseille, France. Electronic address:

In this study, we assessed the presence of vector-borne microorganisms in different species of fleas collected from different hosts in diverse areas of South-Western Europe by molecular methods. A total of 319 fleas belonging to eight different species was tested for the presence of eight microorganisms. Wolbachia spp. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of epilepsy.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 04 15;4:CD011025. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Neurology, The Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK.

Background: Epilepsy is a highly prevalent neurological condition characterised by repeated unprovoked seizures with various aetiologies. Although antiepileptic medications produce clinical improvement in many individuals, nearly a third of individuals have drug-resistant epilepsy that carries significant morbidity and mortality, and even individuals who have clinical improvement from antiepileptic medications often report iatrogenic symptoms. There remains a need for non-invasive and more effective therapies for this population. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Diversity and regional distribution of harmful algal events along the Atlantic margin of Europe.

Harmful Algae 2021 Feb 12;102:101976. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

IOC Science and Communication Centre on Harmful Algae, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark.

The IOC-ICES-PICES Harmful Algal Event Database (HAEDAT) was used to describe the diversity and spatiotemporal distribution of harmful algal events along the Atlantic margin of Europe from 1987 - 2018. The majority of events recorded are caused by Diarrhetic Shellfish Toxins (DSTs). These events are recorded annually over a wide geographic area from southern Spain to northern Scotland and Iceland, and are responsible for annual closures of many shellfish harvesting areas. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Three decades of Canadian marine harmful algal events: Phytoplankton and phycotoxins of concern to human and ecosystem health.

Harmful Algae 2021 Feb 24;102:101852. Epub 2020 Jul 24.

Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Centre, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, A1C 5X1, Canada.

Spatial and temporal trends of marine harmful algal events in Canada over the last three decades were examined using data from the Harmful Algal Event Database (HAEDAT). This database contains the most complete record of algal blooms, phycotoxins and shellfish harvesting area closures in Canada since 1987. This 30-year review of 593 Canadian HAEDAT records from 1988 to 2017, together with other Canadian data and publications, shows that recurring harmful algal events have been widespread throughout both the Atlantic and Pacific coastal regions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Three ways of knowing: the integration of clinical expertise, evidence-based medicine, and artificial intelligence in assisted reproductive technologies.

Gerard Letterie

J Assist Reprod Genet 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Seattle Reproductive Medicine, 1505 Westlake Avenue, Suite 400, Seattle, WA, 98104, USA.

Decision-making in fertility care is on the cusp of a significant frameshift. Online tools to integrate artificial intelligence into the decision-making process across all aspects of ART are rapidly emerging. These tools have the potential to improve outcomes and transition decision-making from one based on traditional provider centric assessments toward a hybrid triad of expertise, evidence, and algorithmic data analytics using AI. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The degree and appropriateness of computed tomography utilization for diagnosis of headaches in Ghana.

Heliyon 2021 Apr 7;7(4):e06722. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Radiology, University of Ghana Medical School, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.

Introduction: Headache is a common and sometimes debilitating medical condition. Patients presenting with no neurologic anomaly, nontraumatic primary headache require careful evaluation before neuroimaging. National Guidelines standardizing exploitation of Computed Tomography (CT), the most utilized imaging modality in this clinical scenario, has not been established in Ghana, a developing country with limited healthcare resources. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Intersectionality in quantitative health disparities research: A systematic review of challenges and limitations in empirical studies.

Soc Sci Med 2021 May 24;277:113876. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Sociology, University of California-Riverside, Riverside, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Rationale: Quantitative health disparities research has increasingly employed intersectionality as a theoretical tool to investigate how social characteristics intersect to generate health inequality. Yet, intersectionality was not designed to quantify, predict, or identify health disparities, and, as a result, multiple criticisms against its misapplication in health disparities research have been made. As such, there is an emerging need to evaluate the growing body of quantitative research that aims to investigate health disparities through an intersectional lens. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Incidence of a subsequent carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae infection after previous colonisation or infection: a prospective cohort study.

Int J Antimicrob Agents 2021 Apr 20:106340. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Pharmacy, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore, Singapore; Emerging Infectious Diseases Programme, Duke-National University of Singapore Medical School, Singapore, Singapore; Singhealth Duke-NUS Medicine Academic Clinical Programme, Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address:

Objectives: In patients with a history of carbapenemase-producing, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CP-CRE), the need for CP-CRE targeted treatment in subsequent sepsis episodes is unclear. This study aimed to characterise the incidence of subsequent CP-CRE infective episodes in individuals with prior CP-CRE colonisation and/or infection, and identify predictors for these subsequent CP-CRE infections.

Methods: All adult inpatients with CP-CRE detected from any site between June 2012 and May 2014 at a tertiary-care hospital were prospectively followed for two years to assess for any subsequent CP-CRE infections. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The PAP Flap Breast Reconstruction: A Practical Option for Slim Patients.

J Reconstr Microsurg 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Seoul, Korea.

Background:  The posterior thigh-based profunda artery perforator (PAP) flap has been an emerging option as a secondary choice in breast reconstructions. However, whether a PAP flap could consistently serve as the secondary option in slim patients has not been investigated.

Methods:  Records of immediate unilateral breast reconstructions performed from May 2017 to June 2019 were reviewed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Using Patient-Reported Measures to Improve Outcomes in Kidney Disease.

Blood Purif 2021 Apr 12:1-6. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.

Patients with CKD and ESRD are vulnerable to increased mortality rates and other poor outcomes. Among those with ESRD, their health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is shown little to no improvement as they undergo treatments such as dialysis and providers concurrently manage other health issues that complicate their already vulnerable state. This review synthesizes evidence demonstrating that a focus on measuring and monitoring patient-reported outcomes (PRO) such as pain and depression can improve HRQOL. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Data Integration to Improve Real-world Health Outcomes Research for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer in the United States: Descriptive and Qualitative Exploration.

JMIR Cancer 2021 Apr 12;7(2):e23161. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, United States.

Background: The integration of data from disparate sources could help alleviate data insufficiency in real-world studies and compensate for the inadequacies of single data sources and short-duration, small sample size studies while improving the utility of data for research.

Objective: This study aims to describe and evaluate a process of integrating data from several complementary sources to conduct health outcomes research in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The integrated data set is also used to describe patient demographics, clinical characteristics, treatment patterns, and mortality rates. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The History of Saskatchewan's Public Health Association Policy Initiatives, 1954-86: A Regional Comparison for Preventative Health Policy Work in Canada.

Can Bull Med Hist 2021 5;38(1):93-127. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Andrea Ens - Department of History, College of Liberal Arts, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States.

After the Second World War, health prevention work in Canada shifted from a focus on sanitation and hygiene to illness prevention and health promotion. Canada became a significant global leader, beginning with the Lalonde Report of 1974. Yet less is known about the provincial public health associations and how their work differed from that of the national body. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A review of prospective pathways and impacts of COVID-19 on the accessibility, safety, quality, and affordability of essential medicines and vaccines for universal health coverage in Africa.

Global Health 2021 04 8;17(1):42. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: The ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has the potential to reverse progress towards global targets. This study examines the risks that the COVID-19 pandemic poses to equitable access to essential medicines and vaccines (EMV) for universal health coverage in Africa.

Methods: We searched medical databases and grey literature up to 2 October 2020 for studies reporting data on prospective pathways and innovative strategies relevant for the assessment and management of the emerging risks in accessibility, safety, quality, and affordability of EMV in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF