45,230 results match your criteria emerging adults


Epidemiology of disturbing dreams in a diverse US sample.

Sleep Med 2021 Apr 29;83:5-12. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Psychology, Mississippi State University, USA; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine, USA.

Study Objectives: Disturbing dreams are a common complaint among trauma survivors, but little epidemiological research exists to document the frequency in the general population. In addition, information about their occurrence in diverse adults is lacking.

Methods: Using the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys we had the unique opportunity to examine disturbing dreams in a diverse sample of adults in the US. Read More

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An excised leaf assay to measure acquisition of "Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus" by psyllids associated with citrus Huanglongbing disease.

Phytopathology 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

USDA Agricultural Research Service, 17123, Emerging Pests and Pathogens Research Unit, 538 Tower Road, Ithaca, New York, United States, 14853.

Huanglongbing (HLB), or citrus greening disease, is the most serious disease of citrus worldwide and is associated with plant infection by "Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus" (CLas) and other Liberibacter species. CLas is transmitted by Diaphorina citri, the Asian citrus psyllid, in a circulative propagative manner. Circulative propagative transmission is a complex process comprising at least three steps: movement of the pathogen into vector tissues, translocation and replication of the pathogen within the vector host, and pathogen inoculation of a new host by the vector. Read More

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Zebrafish Cancer Predisposition Models.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 27;9:660069. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Cancer predisposition syndromes are rare, typically monogenic disorders that result from germline mutations that increase the likelihood of developing cancer. Although these disorders are individually rare, resulting cancers collectively represent 5-10% of all malignancies. In addition to a greater incidence of cancer, affected individuals have an earlier tumor onset and are frequently subjected to long-term multi-modal cancer screening protocols for earlier detection and initiation of treatment. Read More

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Changes in expectations to marry and to divorce across the transition to adulthood.

Authors:
Rachel Arocho

Emerg Adulthood 2021 Jun 3;9(3):217-228. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 123 West Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516.

Marriage and divorce expectations predict family life and personal outcomes. Understanding how expectations are associated with varying characteristics over emerging adulthood (ages 18-28) will inform understanding of emerging adult development. Panel Study of Income Dynamics Transition into Adulthood 2005-2015 data were used in hybrid-effects ordinal logistic regression to parse interindividual and intraindividual variation associated with relationship experiences, socioeconomic and contextual characteristics, and mental and emotional wellbeing. Read More

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Reducing antibiotic treatment duration for ventilator-associated pneumonia (REGARD-VAP): a trial protocol for a randomised clinical trial.

BMJ Open 2021 May 13;11(5):e050105. Epub 2021 May 13.

Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Introduction: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common nosocomial infection in intensive care units (ICUs). Using short-course antibiotics to treat VAP caused by Gram-negative non-fermenting bacteria has been reported to be associated with excess pneumonia recurrences. The "REducinG Antibiotic tReatment Duration for Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia" (REGARD-VAP) trial aims to provide evidence for using a set of reproducible clinical criteria to shorten antibiotic duration for individualised treatment duration of VAP. Read More

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A qualitative study of home health care experiences among Chinese homebound adults.

BMC Geriatr 2021 May 13;21(1):309. Epub 2021 May 13.

Centre for Health Management and Policy Research, School of Public Health, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, 44 Wenhuaxi Rd, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, China.

Background: Home health care services (HHC) are emerging in China to meet increased healthcare needs among the homebound population, but there is a lack of research examining the efficiency and effectiveness of this new care model. This study aimed to investigate care recipients' experiences with HHC and areas for improvement in China.

Methods: This research was a qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews. Read More

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Thundering hoofbeats and dazzling zebras: A model integrating current rare disease perspectives in paleopathology.

Int J Paleopathol 2021 May 10;33:196-208. Epub 2021 May 10.

School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, PO Box 872402, Tempe, AZ, 85287-2402, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: The article reviews the study of rare diseases and their nomenclature, emerging government policies and initiatives, and the concerns voiced by the modern rare disease communities. An interpretive model is then presented for the bioarchaeological interpretations of individuals with paleopathological evidence of rare diseases.

Materials: In demonstration of the application of the proposed framework, we evaluate the skeletal remains of an adult female (EZ 3-7-1) excavated in the 1980s from the Middle Woodland (50BCE-CE400) context of the Elizabeth site (11PK512) in the lower Illinois Valley, USA. Read More

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Rapid Emergence and Epidemiologic Characteristics of the SARS-CoV-2 B.1.526 Variant - New York City, New York, January 1-April 5, 2021.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021 May 14;70(19):712-716. Epub 2021 May 14.

Recent studies have documented the emergence and rapid growth of B.1.526, a novel variant of interest (VOI) of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, in the New York City (NYC) area after its identification in NYC in November 2020 (1-3). Read More

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Strengthening the Case for Cluster Set Resistance Training in Aged and Clinical Settings: Emerging Evidence, Proposed Benefits and Suggestions.

Sports Med 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

Resistance training (RT) is a fundamental component of exercise prescription aimed at improving overall health and function. RT techniques such as cluster set (CS) configurations, characterized by additional short intra-set or inter-repetition rest intervals, have been shown to maintain acute muscular force, velocity, and 'power' outputs across a RT session, and facilitate positive longer-term neuromuscular adaptations. However, to date CS have mainly been explored from a human performance perspective despite potential for application in health and clinical exercise settings. Read More

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Infection effects of the new microsporidian species Tubulinosema suzukii on its host Drosophila suzukii.

Sci Rep 2021 May 12;11(1):10151. Epub 2021 May 12.

Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants, Institute for Biological Control, Julius Kühn Institute, Heinrichstraße 243, 64287, Darmstadt, Germany.

Microsporidian infections of insects are important natural constraints of population growth, often reducing lifespan, fecundity and fertility of the infected host. The recently discovered Tubulinosema suzukii infects Drosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila, SWD), an invasive pest of many fruit crops in North America and Europe. In laboratory tests, fitness effects on larval and adult stages were explored. Read More

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Long-Term Care of the Pediatric Kidney Transplant Recipient.

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Pediatric kidney transplant recipients are distinguished from adult recipients by the need for many decades of graft function, the potential effect of CKD on neurodevelopment, and the changing immune environment of a developing human. The entire life of an individual who receives a transplant as a child is colored by their status as a transplant recipient. Not only must these young recipients negotiate all of the usual challenges of emerging adulthood (transition from school to work, romantic relationships, achieving independence from parents), but they must learn to manage a life-threatening medical condition independently. Read More

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A Scoping Review on College Student Physical Activity: How Do Researchers Measure Activity and Examine Inequities?

J Phys Act Health 2021 May 11:1-9. Epub 2021 May 11.

Background: The purpose of this scoping review was to critically examine the design and quality of contemporary research involving college student physical activity participation, focusing on physical activity measurement, assessment of sociodemographic characteristics, and examination of inequities based on sociodemographic characteristics.

Methods: Systematic searches were conducted in 4 electronic databases.

Results: From 28,951 sources screened, data were extracted from 488 that met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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Glutathione S-transferases and their implications in the lung diseases asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Early life susceptibility?

Redox Biol 2021 May 2;43:101995. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Center+, Maastricht, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Our lungs are exposed daily to airborne pollutants, particulate matter, pathogens as well as lung allergens and irritants. Exposure to these substances can lead to inflammatory responses and may induce endogenous oxidant production, which can cause chronic inflammation, tissue damage and remodeling. Notably, the development of asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is linked to the aforementioned irritants. Read More

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Characterize, Optimize, and Harmonize: Caring for Older Adults With Hematologic Malignancies.

Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book 2021 Mar;41:1-9

Department of Hematology and Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, City of Hope, Duarte, CA.

With the aging of the population, the number of older adults with hematologic malignancies is growing, and treatment paradigms for these patients are rapidly evolving. Use of allogeneic stem cell transplant has been expanding to include septuagenarians but remains a potentially morbid procedure, creating an opportunity for a geriatric-focused evaluation to improve assessment of the individual's risk in undergoing the procedure. Although age alone should not be the sole determinant for transplant eligibility, geriatric assessment often identifies vulnerabilities that are not captured in assessing performance status and comorbidities alone. Read More

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Contrast-enhanced ultrasound of the pediatric bowel.

Pediatr Radiol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3401 Civic Center Blvd., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has emerged as a valuable modality for bowel imaging in adults and children. CEUS enables visualization of the perfusion of the bowel wall and of the associated mesentery in healthy and disease states. In addition, CEUS images can be used to make quantitative measurements of contrast kinetics, allowing for objective assessment of bowel wall enhancement. Read More

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Contrast-enhanced ultrasound in pediatric interventional radiology.

Pediatr Radiol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

There is growing interest in the use of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in diagnostic and interventional radiology. CEUS applications in interventional radiology are performed with intravascular or intracavitary administration of microbubble-based US contrast agents to allow for real-time evaluation of their distribution within the vascular bed or in body cavities, respectively, providing additional information beyond gray-scale US alone. The most common interventional-radiology-related CEUS applications in children have been extrapolated from those in adults, and they include the use of CEUS to guide lesion biopsy and to confirm drain placement in pleural effusions and intra-abdominal fluid collections. Read More

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Preserved glycemic control and baroreflex efficacy in young adult hypertensive female obese Zucker rats.

Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Physiology and Anatomy, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX, United Statesgrid.266871.c.

Obese Zucker rats (OZRs) develop hypertension and hyperinsulinemia by 3 months of age. Male OZRs also have diminished baroreflex-mediated activation of nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) and bradycardia, which are improved by correcting their hyperglycemia. Conversely, 3-month-old female OZRs and lean Zucker rats (LZRs) have equivalent baroreflex-mediated bradycardia that is impaired in 6-month-old OZRs. Read More

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Cross-ecosystem fluxes of pesticides from prairie wetlands mediated by aquatic insect emergence: implications for terrestrial insectivores.

Environ Toxicol Chem 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Fort Collins, CO, 80526, USA.

Contaminants alter the quantity and quality of insect prey available to terrestrial insectivores. In agricultural regions, the quantity of aquatic insects emerging from freshwaters can be impacted by insecticides originating from surrounding croplands. We hypothesized that, in such regions, adult aquatic insects could also act as important vectors of pesticide transfer to terrestrial food webs. Read More

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A Prospective Study of Predictors and Consequences of Hooking Up for Sexual Minority Women.

Arch Sex Behav 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Hooking up, which refers to a sexual encounter (ranging from kissing to penetrative sex) between individuals who are not in a committed relationship, is an increasingly normative form of sexual exploration among emerging adults. Past research has focused on hookups within a heteronormative context, and some of this work has examined hookups as a way to cope with distress. Building on this work, we examined the role of hookups as a means for lesbian and bisexual women to cope with minority stress through increasing connection and engagement with the LGBTQ (lesbian/gay/bisexual/transgender/queer or questioning) community. Read More

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XPO1 inhibition with selinexor synergizes with proteasome inhibition in neuroblastoma by targeting nuclear export of IkB.

Transl Oncol 2021 May 8;14(8):101114. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Genetics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue Ullmann 813 Bronx, NY 10461, United States; Department of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, United States.

Across many cancer types in adults, upregulation of the nuclear-to-cytoplasmic transport protein Exportin-1 (XPO1) correlates with poor outcome and responsiveness to selinexor, an FDA-approved XPO1 inhibitor. Similar data are emerging in childhood cancers, for which selinexor is being evaluated in early phase clinical studies. Using proteomic profiling of primary tumor material from patients with high-risk neuroblastoma, as well as gene expression profiling from independent cohorts, we have demonstrated that XPO1 overexpression correlates with poor patient prognosis. Read More

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Update on neuroimaging in brain tumours.

Authors:
Marion Smits

Curr Opin Neurol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Radiology & Nuclear Medicine, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose Of Review: To highlight some of the recent advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in terms of acquisition, analysis, and interpretation for primary diagnosis, treatment planning, and surveillance of patients with a brain tumour.

Recent Findings: The rapidly emerging field of radiomics associates large numbers of imaging features with clinical characteristics. In the context of glioma, attempts are made to correlate such imaging features with the tumour genotype, using so-called radiogenomics. Read More

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