169 results match your criteria embodiment living


Taking Situatedness Seriously. Embedding Affective Intentionality in Forms of Living.

Authors:
Imke von Maur

Front Psychol 2021 23;12:599939. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Philosophy of Cognition, Institute of Cognitive Science, Osnabrück University, Osnabrück, Germany.

Situated approaches to affectivity overcome an outdated individualistic perspective on emotions by emphasizing the role embodiment and environment play in affective dynamics. Yet, accounts which provide the conceptual toolbox for analyses in the philosophy of emotions do not go far enough. Their focus falls (a) on the present situation, abstracting from the broader historico-cultural context, and (b) on adopting a largely functionalist approach by conceiving of emotions and the environment as resources to be regulated or scaffolds to be used. Read More

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Tempering hope with Intimate Knowledge: Contrasting emergences of the concept 'uninfectious' in HIV.

Sociol Health Illn 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

In this paper, we contrast two emergences of the concept of 'uninfectious' (that pharmaceuticals can render someone living with HIV non-infectious) in HIV. First, using Novas' framing of 'political economies of hope', we describe the deployment of 'uninfectious' as part of global health campaigns. Second, we draw on Raffles' (International Social Science Journal, 2002, 54, 325) concept of 'intimate knowledge' to theorise our own account of 'uninfectious' through a re-analysis of qualitative data comprising the intimate experiences of people living with or around HIV collected at various points over the last 25 years. Read More

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In the borderland of the body: How home-dwelling older people experience frailty.

Scand J Caring Sci 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Rationale: The increasing number of frail home-dwelling older people has sharpened the focus on discovering and implementing suitable treatment and care in clinical practice, aiming to prevent loss of physical functioning and preserve their autonomy and well-being. People's embodied experiences may yield rich descriptions to help to understand frailty. Thoroughly understanding older people's individual perceptions is especially relevant because the numbers of home-dwelling older people are increasing, and people tend to develop more health problems and become frailer as they age. Read More

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Fictionalism of Anticipation.

Biosemiotics 2021 Apr 15:1-17. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Institute of Applied Mathematics, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania.

A promising recent approach for understanding complex phenomena is recognition of anticipatory behavior of living organisms and social organizations. The anticipatory, predictive action permits learning, novelty seeking, rich experiential existence. I argue that the established frameworks of anticipation, adaptation or learning imply overly passive roles of anticipatory agents, and that a standpoint reflects the core of anticipatory behavior better than representational or future references. Read More

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Precarious Employment and Stress: The Biomedical Embodiment of Social Factors. PRESSED Project Study Protocol.

Front Public Health 2021 30;9:649447. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Research Group on Health Inequalities, Environment, and Employment Conditions (GREDS-EMCONET), Department of Political and Social Sciences, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain.

The PRESSED project aims to explain the links between a multidimensional measure of precarious employment and stress and health. Studies on social epidemiology have found a clear positive association between precarious employment and health, but the pathways and mechanisms to explain such a relationship are not well-understood. This project aims to fill this gap from an interdisciplinary perspective, integrating the social and biomedical standpoints to comprehensively address the complex web of consequences of precarious employment and its effects on workers' stress, health and well-being, including health inequalities. Read More

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On the matter of essence.

Authors:
Iris Berent

Cognition 2021 Mar 31:104701. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Northeastern University, United States of America. Electronic address:

A large literature suggests that people attribute the inborn properties of living things to their essence. Here, I explore the possibility that the essence of living things must be further embodied, and that this presumption guides intuitive reasoning about all of an organism's inherited properties, physical and psychological. Accordingly, when people reason about agentive living things (animals and humans), they presume that (a) Their essence must exhibit the properties of bodily matter- it must occupy a certain location in space, and it must be comprised of some appropriate organic substance that is anchored in the body; (b) Inborn (essentialized) traits must be embodied, and conversely, embodied traits are likely innate; and (c) The identity of biological kinds and by extension, one's psychological core, are defined by the material properties of their essence. Read More

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Secret lives and gender fluidity of people living with HIV in Hyderabad, India.

J Community Psychol 2021 Mar 22. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

SHARE India, MediCiti Institute of Medical Sciences, Ghanpur, Telangana, India.

This mixed-methods study sought to explore gender fluidity among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Hyderabad, India, almost all of whom did not identify as hijra. Sixteen gender-nonconforming people living with HIV completed both surveys and in-depth interviews, exploring their experiences with HIV and gender nonconformity stigma. Interviews were conducted in Hindi and Telugu, digitally audio-recorded, then subsequently translated and analyzed in English, using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Read More

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The marked body - a qualitative study on survivors embodied experiences of a COVID-19 illness trajectory.

Scand J Caring Sci 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

2Centre for Cardiac, Vascular, Pulmonary and Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Research on COVID-19 has reported data on epidemiology and pathophysiology but less about what it means to be a person living through this illness. Research involving the patients' perspectives may help to improve healthcare professionals' understanding of ways to support patients.

Aims: To gain in-depth understanding of the meaning of a COVID-19 illness trajectory from the patients' perspective. Read More

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Healing time: the experience of body and temporality when coping with illness and incapacity.

Authors:
Drew Leder

Med Health Care Philos 2021 Mar 18;24(1):99-111. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Philosophy, Loyola University Maryland, Baltimore, USA.

The lived body has structures of ability built up over time through habit. Serious illness, injury, and incapacity can disrupt these capacities, and thereby, one's relationship to the body, and to time itself. This paper focuses attention on a series of healing strategies individuals then employ on the "chessboard" of possibilities intrinsic to lived embodiment. Read More

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Toward an Embodied, Embedded Predictive Processing Account.

Authors:
Elmarie Venter

Front Psychol 2021 29;12:543076. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Institute for Philosophy II, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany.

In this paper, I argue for an embodied, embedded approach to predictive processing and thus align the framework with situated cognition. The recent popularity of theories conceiving of the brain as a predictive organ has given rise to two broad camps in the literature that I call and . The two approaches vary in scope and methodology. Read More

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January 2021

Detection of zoonotic pathogens in animals performed at the University Hospital Institute Méditerranée Infection (Marseille - France).

One Health 2021 Jun 24;12:100210. Epub 2020 Dec 24.

Aix Marseille Univ, IRD, AP-HM, MEPHI, Marseille, France.

At the University Hospital Institute Méditerranée Infection (IHU, Marseille, France), for almost thirty years, veterinarians have been carrying out epidemiological investigations, together with doctors, on animals living near human cases of zoonoses, on the one hand, and on the other hand, transverse and longitudinal epidemiological surveillance studies on animals which are reservoirs, vectors or sentinels of potentially zoonotic infections,. This article presents the methods adopted and the results obtained from these studies. They have been the subject of 76 peer-reviewed publications relating to wild animals (37 publications) and/or domestic animals (48 publications). Read More

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Living With Obesity: Expressions of Longing.

SAGE Open Nurs 2020 Jan-Dec;6:2377960819901193. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway.

Those who are obese experience complex moral distress. The norm in Western societies is to be slim, and people living with obesity experience challenges under the gaze of society. They feel great vulnerability and the available treatments seldom meet individual needs. Read More

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January 2020

Dimensions of Musical Creativity.

Front Neurosci 2020 30;14:578932. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Institute of Psychology, University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Current literature on creative cognition has developed rich conceptual landscapes dedicated to the analysis of both individual and collective forms of creativity. This work has favored the emergence of unifying theories on domain-general creative abilities in which the main experiential, behavioral, computational, and neural aspects involved in everyday creativity are examined and discussed. But while such accounts have gained important analytical leverage for describing the overall conditions and mechanisms through which creativity emerges and operates, they necessarily leave contextual forms of creativity less explored. Read More

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November 2020

An organisational systems-biology view of viruses explains why they are not alive.

Biosystems 2021 Feb 8;200:104324. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

School of Biological Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, 19 Chlorine Gardens, Belfast BT95DL, UK. Electronic address:

Whether or not viruses are alive remains unsettled. Discoveries of giant viruses with translational genes and large genomes have kept the debate active. Here, a fresh approach is introduced, based on the organisational definition of life from within systems biology. Read More

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February 2021

Integrating Illness Management Into Identity Verification Processes.

Authors:
Justin T Maietta

Qual Health Res 2021 Jan 2;31(2):254-270. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA.

Individuals living with type 1 diabetes (T1D) or type 2 diabetes (T2D) can experience conflict between self-presentation and their symptoms or management regimens. In this article, I explain how these individuals might use their illness management techniques to aid in successfully self-presenting or having their identities verified. Interview respondents associate conflicts brought on by symptoms or management regimens with identity processes and report some instances when illness management enables them to successfully perform identities. Read More

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January 2021

Anthropological study on Chagas Disease: Sociocultural construction of illness and embodiment of health barriers in Bolivian migrants in Rome, Italy.

PLoS One 2020 16;15(10):e0240831. Epub 2020 Oct 16.

Multispecialty and Medical Professions Department, National Institute for Health, Migration and Poverty (INMP), Rome, Italy.

Introduction: Chagas Disease (CD) is endemic in many Latin-American countries, Bolivia in particular. It is now spreading in Italy as a host country for transcontinental migrants and becoming an emerging health problem. This anthropological action-research, as part of a wider medical project on Neglected Tropical Diseases, has the purpose of analyzing the sociocultural construction of CD and its representation in Bolivian people living in Rome as well as barriers, such as the stigma about the illness, to access the National Health Service for those potentially affected. Read More

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December 2020

Perceptions of Quality of Life among Face Transplant Recipients: A Qualitative Content Analysis.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2020 Aug 17;8(8):e2956. Epub 2020 Aug 17.

Hansjörg Wyss Department of Plastic Surgery, NYU Langone Health, New York, N.Y.

The aim of facial transplantation (FT) was to enhance quality of life (QoL) for individuals living with severe facial disfigurement. Yet QoL has proved challenging to assess, as the field lacks a unified approach for incorporating FT recipients' perspectives into meaningful QoL measures. In this study, we review FT recipients' self-reported QoL through a qualitative analysis of publicly available posttransplant interviews to identify the aspects of QoL they report as meaningful. Read More

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The Hannes hand prosthesis replicates the key biological properties of the human hand.

Sci Robot 2020 09;5(46)

Rehab Technologies, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Via Morego, 30, 16163 Genova, Italy.

Replacing the human hand with artificial devices of equal capability and effectiveness is a long-standing challenge. Even the most advanced hand prostheses, which have several active degrees of freedom controlled by the electrical signals of the stump's residual muscles, do not achieve the complexity, dexterity, and adaptability of the human hand. Thus, prosthesis abandonment rate remains high due to poor embodiment. Read More

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September 2020

Introduction to the special issue on yoga and positive embodiment: a note from the editors on how we got here.

Eat Disord 2020 Jul-Aug;28(4):309-314

Department of Kinesiology and Educational Psychology, Washington State University , Pullman, WA, USA.

Studying the practice of yoga and its relationship to body image, embodiment, and eating disorders brings together the professional and personal aspects of our lives as yoga practitioners, researchers, and women living in bodies within a society that can be tough on body appreciation. Developing this edition on "Yoga for positive embodiment in eating disorder prevention and treatment" has been a work of love for all of us. As yoga practitioners, we have personally experienced the benefits of yoga in our own bodies and felt that there may be benefits for others. Read More

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September 2020

"I am the embodiment of an anorexic patient's worst fear": Severe obesity and binge eating disorder on a restrictive eating disorder ward.

Clin Obes 2020 Dec 10;10(6):e12398. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Adolescents who have been diagnosed with an eating disorder commonly have comorbid mental health conditions which have a significant impact on illness trajectory and may even limit access to effective treatment. Current models of eating disorder care focus mainly on treatment for patients diagnosed with restrictive eating disorders with fewer options available for those with binge eating disorder. We describe a case of an adolescent living with severe, complex obesity and binge eating disorder, presenting in a mental health crisis, admitted to an in-patient unit primarily for patients being treated for restrictive eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa. Read More

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December 2020

The Circularity of the Embodied Mind.

Authors:
Thomas Fuchs

Front Psychol 2020 12;11:1707. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

Phenomenological Psychopathology and Psychotherapy, Psychiatric Clinic, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany.

From an embodied and enactive point of view, the mind-body problem has been reformulated as the relation between the lived or subject body on the one hand and the physiological or object body on the other ("body-body problem"). The aim of the paper is to explore the concept of circularity as a means of explaining the relation between the phenomenology of lived experience and the dynamics of organism-environment interactions. This concept of circularity also seems suitable for connecting enactive accounts with ecological psychology. Read More

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Embodiment: Cultural and gender differences and associations with life satisfaction.

Body Image 2020 Dec 31;35:1-10. Epub 2020 Aug 31.

Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development, University of Toronto, Canada.

Although cultural factors have an important impact on individuals' experiences of living in their bodies, to date no studies have examined cross-cultural or gender differences in individuals' experience of embodiment. This study compared Swedish and Canadian women's experience of embodiment (and other body image related constructs), as well as Swedish men and women's experience of embodiment. Associations between embodiment, body esteem, and life satisfaction in men and women were also examined. Read More

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December 2020

Diabetes management experience of middle-aged persons with type 1 diabetes.

Jpn J Nurs Sci 2021 Jan 31;18(1):e12377. Epub 2020 Aug 31.

College of Nursing, Woosuk University, Wanju-gun, Korea.

Aim: For middle-aged persons with type 1 diabetes, diabetes management is essential due to the natural effects of middle age. However, studies investigating how such individuals manage their diabetes are lacking. This study aimed to explore diabetes management experiences of middle-aged individuals with type 1 diabetes. Read More

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January 2021

On Living And Moving With Zor: Exploring Racism, Embodiment, And Health In Albania.

Med Anthropol 2021 04 27;40(3):241-253. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

Department of Slavic and Eurasian Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

Drawing on ethnographic research from Albania, I examine Romani and Balkan Egyptian women's health inequities. While it has been well documented that Romani people, who constitute Europe's largest socioracial minority group, experience racism and marginalization, how these forms of social exclusion shape health outcomes in the Balkans remains limited. I argue that racism is a root cause of social and health inequities, and that Romani and Egyptian women experience unique bodily fatigue marked by extreme zor ("difficulty," "constraint"). Read More

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'Reflections on frontline medical work during Covid-19, and the embodiment of risk'.

Gend Work Organ 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Newcastle University Business School.

Drawing on the voice of a woman NHS frontline Doctor during the current Covid-19 pandemic, we explore her lived experience of the embodiment of risk in the crisis. We explore her struggles and difficulties, giving her voice, and mobilising our writing to listen to these experiences, reflecting on them as a way of living our own feminist lives. Her story illustrates that the current crisis is not only a crisis of health, but a crisis for feminism. Read More

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Neuromusculoskeletal Arm Prostheses: Personal and Social Implications of Living With an Intimately Integrated Bionic Arm.

Front Neurorobot 2020 24;14:39. Epub 2020 Jul 24.

Center for Bionics and Pain Research, Mölndal, Sweden.

People with limb loss are for the first time living chronically and uninterruptedly with intimately integrated neuromusculoskeletal prostheses. This new generation of artificial limbs are fixated to the skeleton and operated by bidirectionally transferred neural information. This unprecedented level of human-machine integration is bound to have profound psychosocial effects on the individuals living with these prostheses. Read More

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Embodiment as a Paradigm for Understanding and Treating SE-AN: Locating the Self in Culture.

Front Psychiatry 2020 12;11:534. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Private Practitioner, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

There has been a growing call for sociologically engaged research to better understand the complex processes underpinning Severe and Enduring Anorexia Nervosa (SE-AN). Based on a qualitative study with women in Adelaide, South Australia who were reluctant to seek help for their disordered eating practices, this paper draws on anthropological concepts of embodiment to examine how SE-AN is experienced as culturally grounded. We argue that experiences of SE-AN are culturally informed, and in turn, inform bodily perception and practice in the world. Read More

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The experience of embodiment scale: Development and psychometric evaluation.

Body Image 2020 Sep 14;34:117-134. Epub 2020 Jun 14.

Department of Psychology (JOR 926), Ryerson University, 350 Victoria St., Toronto, ON, M5B 2K3, Canada. Electronic address:

The construct of embodiment captures a broad range of experiences of living in the body. The present program of research involved developing and evaluating a fully structured measure of the experience of embodiment construct, the Experience of Embodiment Scale (EES), via four independent samples of women. Study 1 (N = 92) provided initial support for the internal consistency and convergent validity of the EES. Read More

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September 2020

Turning the body into a clock: Accurate timing is facilitated by simple stereotyped interactions with the environment.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2020 06 20;117(23):13084-13093. Epub 2020 May 20.

Institut de Neurobiologie de la Méditerranée (INMED), Turing Center for Living Systems, INSERM, Aix-Marseille Université, 13009 Marseille, France;

How animals adapt their behavior according to regular time intervals between events is not well understood, especially when intervals last several seconds. One possibility is that animals use disembodied internal neuronal representations of time to decide when to initiate a given action at the end of an interval. However, animals rarely remain immobile during time intervals but tend to perform stereotyped behaviors, raising the possibility that motor routines improve timing accuracy. Read More

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Learning from Transmasculine Experiences with Health Care: Tangible Inlets for Reducing Health Disparities Through Patient-Provider Relationships.

Transgend Health 2020 Mar 16;5(1):18-32. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin.

We examined health care experiences of transmasculine young adults to clarify factors contributing to mistrust in the health care system and identify tangible and modifiable means to address health disparities through improved patient-provider interactions. Thematic analysis highlights patterns within historical relationships between medical models and transmasculine embodiment, and provides guidance for health care clinicians, researchers, and policy makers to deliver competent services for transgender and gender diverse (TGD) individuals. The study team used qualitative methodology guided by interpretive phenomenological analysis. Read More

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