20 results match your criteria embodiment essentially

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Social bodies in virtual worlds: Intercorporeality in Esports.

Phenomenol Cogn Sci 2021 Apr 27:1-24. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics (Research Unit: Movement, Culture and Society / MoCS), University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense M, Denmark.

As screen-based virtual worlds have gradually begun facilitating more and more of our social interactions, some researchers have argued that the virtual worlds of these interactions do not allow for embodied social understanding. The aim of this article is to examine exactly the possibility of this by looking to esports practitioners' experiences of interacting with each other during performance. By engaging in an integration of qualitative research methodologies and phenomenology, we investigate the actual first-person experiences of interaction in the virtual worlds of the popular team-based esports practices Counter Strike: Global Offensive and League of Legends. Read More

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A model for 3D deformation and reconstruction of contractile microtissues.

Soft Matter 2020 Oct 29. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Tissue morphogenesis and regeneration are essentially mechanical processes that involve coordination of cellular forces, production and structural remodeling of extracellular matrix (ECM), and cell migration. Discovering the principles of cell-ECM interactions and tissue-scale deformation in mechanically-loaded tissues is instrumental to the development of novel regenerative therapies. The combination of high-throughput three-dimensional (3D) culture systems and experimentally-validated computational models accelerate the study of these principles. Read More

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October 2020

Toward natural grasping with a tool: effects of practice and required accuracy on the kinematics of tool-use grasping.

J Neurophysiol 2020 05 22;123(5):2024-2036. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Department of Computer Science, Shizuoka University, Hamamatsu, Japan.

Studies have suggested that the proficiency of an end effector is the primary factor that defines kinematics of reach-to-grasp movements across the types of effectors, such as the hand or a tool. In particular, the duration of the plateau, or the time of static open aperture (i.e. Read More

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Psychoanalytic Underpinnings of Socially-Shared Normativity.

Front Psychol 2019 30;10:2032. Epub 2019 Aug 30.

School of Psychology, University of Kent, Canterbury, United Kingdom.

Alongside social anthropology and discursive psychology, conversation analysis has highlighted numerous ways in which cultural forms of perceiving and acting in the world are primarily rooted in socially shared normativity. However, when consideration turns to the origins and purposes of human affect and emotion, ethnomethodology, and conversation analysis appear to face particular difficulties that arise from the over-arching focus on sense-making practices. This article considers the proposal that psychoanalytic thinking might inform our understanding of how socially shared normativity emerges during infancy and early childhood. Read More

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The Organization of the Primate Insular Cortex.

Authors:
Henry C Evrard

Front Neuroanat 2019 8;13:43. Epub 2019 May 8.

Functional and Comparative Neuroanatomy Laboratory, Werner Reichardt Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Tübingen, Germany.

Long perceived as a primitive and poorly differentiated brain structure, the primate insular cortex recently emerged as a highly evolved, organized and richly connected cortical hub interfacing bodily states with sensorimotor, environmental, and limbic activities. This insular interface likely substantiates emotional embodiment and has the potential to have a key role in the interoceptive shaping of cognitive processes, including perceptual awareness. In this review, we present a novel working model of the insular cortex, based on an accumulation of neuroanatomical and functional evidence obtained essentially in the macaque monkey. Read More

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Fusing autonomy and sociality via embodied emergence and development of behaviour and cognition from fetal period.

Authors:
Yasuo Kuniyoshi

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2019 04;374(1771):20180031

Next Generation Artificial Intelligence Research Center & School of Information Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo , 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 , Japan.

Human-centred AI/Robotics are quickly becoming important. Their core claim is that AI systems or robots must be designed and work for the benefits of humans with no harm or uneasiness. It essentially requires the realization of autonomy, sociality and their fusion at all levels of system organization, even beyond programming or pre-training. Read More

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Embodiment and Entangled Subjectivity: A Study of Robin Cook's Coma, Priscille Sibley's The Promise of Stardust and Alexander Beliaev's Professor Dowell's Head.

J Med Humanit 2020 Sep;41(3):289-304

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, India.

The essay examines Robin Cook's (1977) Coma and Priscille Sibley's (2013) The Promise of Stardust that dramatize the reified and disposable status of the brain-dead patients who are classified as nonpersons. The essay argues that the man-machine entanglement as depicted in the novels constructs a deterritorialized and entangled form of subjectivity that intervenes in the dominant biomedical understanding of personhood and agency that we notionally associate with a conscious mind. The essay concludes its arguments by discussing Alexander Beliaev's (1925) Professor Dowell's Head which depicts human subjectivity as an essentially embodied and distributive phenomenon and interrogates the Cartesian mind body dualism embedded in the dominant biomedical narratives. Read More

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September 2020

Robot-Embodied Neuronal Networks as an Interactive Model of Learning.

Open Neurol J 2017 30;11:39-47. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

Robotics Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, USA.

Background And Objective: The reductionist approach of neuronal cell culture has been useful for analyses of synaptic signaling. Murine cortical neurons in culture spontaneously form an network capable of transmitting complex signals, and have been useful for analyses of several fundamental aspects of neuronal development hitherto difficult to clarify . However, these networks lack the ability to receive and respond to sensory input from the environment as do neurons . Read More

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September 2017

Insiders and incomers: how lay public health workers' knowledge might improve public health practice.

Health Soc Care Community 2017 11 28;25(6):1743-1751. Epub 2017 Mar 28.

Professor Emeritus of Public Health & Wellbeing (Knowledge Translation), Faculty of Health & Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Since 2005, health trainers and other lay public health workers (LPHWs) have been increasingly active in the UK. Although elsewhere in the world LPHWs are expected to come from the communities within which they work and know that their knowledge is valued, neither is the case for LPHWs in the UK. This study sought to discover the lay knowledge of health trainers and other LPHWs, aiming to ascertain how this knowledge might more effectively be utilised within UK public health services. Read More

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November 2017

Toward a Unified Sub-symbolic Computational Theory of Cognition.

Authors:
Martin V Butz

Front Psychol 2016 21;7:925. Epub 2016 Jun 21.

Cognitive Modeling, Department of Computer Science and Department of Psychology, Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen Tübingen, Germany.

This paper proposes how various disciplinary theories of cognition may be combined into a unifying, sub-symbolic, computational theory of cognition. The following theories are considered for integration: psychological theories, including the theory of event coding, event segmentation theory, the theory of anticipatory behavioral control, and concept development; artificial intelligence and machine learning theories, including reinforcement learning and generative artificial neural networks; and theories from theoretical and computational neuroscience, including predictive coding and free energy-based inference. In the light of such a potential unification, it is discussed how abstract cognitive, conceptualized knowledge and understanding may be learned from actively gathered sensorimotor experiences. Read More

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Opening toward life: experiences of basic body awareness therapy in persons with major depression.

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being 2015 7;10:27069. Epub 2015 May 7.

Department of Health and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Although there is a vast amount of research on different strategies to alleviate depression, knowledge of movement-based treatments focusing on body awareness is sparse. This study explores the experiences of basic body awareness therapy (BBAT) in 15 persons diagnosed with major depression who participated in the treatment in a randomized clinical trial. Hermeneutic phenomenological methodology inspired the approach to interviews and data analysis. Read More

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September 2015

Embodiment of intersubjective time: relational dynamics as attractors in the temporal coordination of interpersonal behaviors and experiences.

Front Psychol 2014 31;5:1180. Epub 2014 Oct 31.

PErSEUs, Université de Lorraine Metz, France.

This paper addresses the issue of "being together," and more specifically the issue of "being together in time." We provide with an integrative framework that is inspired by phenomenology, the enactive approach and dynamical systems theories. To do so, we first define embodiment as a living and lived phenomenon that emerges from agent-world coupling. Read More

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November 2014

Embodied practice: rediscovering the 'heart' of nursing.

Authors:
Jan Draper

J Adv Nurs 2014 Oct 27;70(10):2235-44. Epub 2014 Mar 27.

Faculty of Health and Social Care, Department of Nursing, The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK.

Aim: This article explores the importance of embodiment in nursing. It examines different sources of authoritative knowledge concerning the body and embodiment. It argues that dominant scientific and medical epistemologies of the body have displaced and marginalized embodied epistemologies, creating only a partial understanding of the embodied experiences of our patients and our own embodiment as nurses. Read More

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October 2014

Application perspectives of localization microscopy in virology.

Histochem Cell Biol 2014 Jul 11;142(1):43-59. Epub 2014 Mar 11.

Institute of Molecular Biology (IMB), 55128, Mainz, Germany,

Localization microscopy approaches allowing an optical resolution down to the single-molecule level in fluorescence-labeled biostructures have already found a variety of applications in cell biology, as well as in virology. Here, we focus on some perspectives of a special localization microscopy embodiment, spectral precision distance/position determination microscopy (SPDM). SPDM permits the use of conventional fluorophores or fluorescent proteins together with standard sample preparation conditions employing an aqueous buffered milieu and typically monochromatic excitation. Read More

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Embodied cognition: taking the next step.

Front Psychol 2012 28;3:582. Epub 2012 Dec 28.

Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen Netherlands ; Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics Nijmegen, Netherlands.

Recent years have seen a large amount of empirical studies related to "embodied cognition." While interesting and valuable, there is something dissatisfying with the current state of affairs in this research domain. Hypotheses tend to be underspecified, testing in general terms for embodied versus disembodied processing. Read More

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January 2013

William James on a phenomenological psychology of immediate experience: the true foundation for a science of consciousness?

Authors:
Eugene Taylor

Hist Human Sci 2010 ;23(3):119-30

Saybrook Univ.

Throughout his career, William James defended personal consciousness. In his "Principles of Psychology" (1890), he declared that psychology is the scientific study of states of consciousness as such and that he intended to presume from the outset that the thinker was the thought. But while writing it, he had been investigating a dynamic psychology of the subconscious, which found a major place in his Gifford Lectures, published as "The Varieties of Religious Experience" in 1902. Read More

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December 2010

Embodied language, best-fit analysis, and formal compositionality.

Authors:
Jerome Feldman

Phys Life Rev 2010 Dec 25;7(4):385-410. Epub 2010 Jun 25.

International Computer Science Institute, 1947 Center Street, Suite 600, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA.

This review brings together two fundamental, but unreconciled, aspects of human language: embodiment and compositionality. One major scientific advance in recent decades has been Embodiment - the realization that scientific understanding of mind and language entails detailed modeling of the human brain and how it evolved to control a physical body in a social community. The ability to learn and use language is one of the most characteristically human traits. Read More

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December 2010

Abortion and the human animal.

Christ Bioeth 2004 Jan-Apr;10(1):105-16

Department of Philosophy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA.

I discuss three topics. First, there is a philosophical connecting thread between several recent trends in the abortion discussion, namely, the issue of our animal nature, and physical embodiment. The philosophical name given to the position that you and I are essentially human animals is "animalism. Read More

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Older men in contemporary discourses on ageing: absent bodies and invisible lives.

Authors:
A A Fleming

Nurs Inq 1999 Mar;6(1):3-8

School of Community Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Australia.

Contemporary discourses on ageing are essentially 'feminized', and as such report little on the experiences of older men. Living into late old age has become, and will continue to be, a normal phenomenon in our social worlds for both men and women. As a disadvantaged group, older women have attracted more attention than their older male counterparts. Read More

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Toward a pluralistic animal science: postliberal feminist perspectives.

Authors:
K K Schillo

J Anim Sci 1998 Nov;76(11):2763-70

Department of Animal Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40546-0215, USA.

Women have not had the authority to define the conditions of animal agriculture or to develop strategies for addressing its problems because the field of animal science has been and remains dominated by men. Therefore, criteria for assessing the professional performance of animal scientists reflect the views of men and the experiences of masculinity. Recent attempts to improve the retention rates of women in the animal science profession have focused on socializing female protégés to the norms and expectations of the discipline. Read More

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November 1998
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