46,868 results match your criteria elevated beta


Formulation development, in vitro and in vivo evaluation of topical hydrogel formulation of econazole nitrate-loaded β-cyclodextrin nanosponges.

J Pharm Sci 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, 110062, India. Electronic address:

Econazole nitrate, an antifungal drug used in the handling of skin ailments, is commercially not efficient as these ailments typically require a more elevated concentration of the drug to offer an effective pharmacological retort. Like so, it is proposed to assess the effectiveness of the topical hydrogel of econazole-loaded nanosponge in the management of skin ailment(s). Econazole nitrate-laden β-cyclodextrin nanosponges were developed by employing the melt method using β-cyclodextrin as the organic polymer and N,N-carbonyldiimidazole as the crosslinker. Read More

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Sex -Specific Differences in the Association Between Metabolic Syndrome and Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Among a Low-Income Population in China: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 15;14:3263-3272. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Neurology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, 300052, People's Republic of China.

Introduction: Carotid atherosclerosis is a well-established biomarker associated with future cardiovascular disease and stroke. We explored the influence of sex on the relationship between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components with carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) among a low-income population in China, which has a high incidence of stroke.

Methods: This population-based study recruited participants aged ≥45 years from rural areas of Tianjin, China between April 2014 and January 2015. Read More

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High carbohydrate intakes may predict more inflammatory status than high fat intakes in pre-menopause women with overweight or obesity: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Res Notes 2021 Jul 21;14(1):279. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), P.O. Box: 14155-6117, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: The associations between dietary carbohydrate, fat intake, and inflammation are controversial. Most existing data are from industrialized societies which low-carbohydrate and high-fat diet is common and so their attribution to other populations remains unclear. We evaluated the association of fat and carbohydrate intakes with inflammatory markers in pre-menopause women with overweight or obesity in Iran. Read More

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Chai Hu oral liquid enhances the immune functions of both spleen and bursa of Fabricius in heat-stressed broilers through strengthening TLR4-TBK1 signaling pathway.

Poult Sci 2021 Jul 18;100(9):101302. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

School of Life Science and Engineering, Foshan University, Foshan 528225, China. Electronic address:

Heat stress can affect the poultry production and immune status of broilers. Heat stress disrupts intestinal integrity and increases intestinal inflammation, which is related with body immune dysfunction. Chai Hu oral liquid used as an antipyretic and anti-inflammatory drug is widely used in exogenous fever of poultry, but its resistance to heat stress and the mechanism is still unclear. Read More

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High co-expression of the ghrelin and LEAP2 receptor GHSR with pancreatic polypeptide in mouse and human islets.

Endocrinology 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Center for Hypothalamic Research, Department of Internal Medicine, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Islets represent an important site of direct action of the hormone ghrelin, with expression of the ghrelin receptor (growth hormone secretagogue receptor; GHSR) having been localized variably to alpha-cells, beta-cells, and/or somatostatin (SST)-secreting delta-cells. To our knowledge, GHSR expression by pancreatic polypeptide (PP)-expressing gamma-cells has not been specifically investigated. Here, histochemical analyses of Ghsr-IRES-Cre X Cre-dependent ROSA26-YFP reporter mice showed 85% of GHSR-expressing islet cells co-express PP, 50% co-express SST, and 47% co-express PP + SST. Read More

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Anagliptin prevented interleukin 1β (IL-1β)-induced cellular senescence in vascular smooth muscle cells through increasing the expression of sirtuin1 (SIRT1).

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):3968-3977

Department of Cardiology, The Fourth People's Hospital of Shaanxi, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

Vascular smooth muscle cell senescence plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Anagliptin is a novel dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor for the treatment of hyperglycemia. Recent progress indicates that DPP-4 inhibitors show a wide range of cardiovascular benefits. Read More

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December 2021

Circular RNA circRNA_0082835 promotes progression and lymphatic metastasis of primary melanoma by sponging microRNA miRNA-429.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):4159-4173

Department of Plastic and Burn Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, China.

To identify how circular RNA circRNA_0082835 impacts melanoma cells and lymphatic metastasis to observe whether it exerts effects through its action mechanism of sponging microRNA miR-429. Clinical baseline information was collected, and clinical samples were used for detection on circRNA_0082835 and EZH2. The expression of circRNA_0082835, EZH2, and miR-429 was detected by quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR). Read More

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December 2021

Depression accelerates gastric cancer invasion and metastasis by inducing a neuroendocrine phenotype via the catecholamine/β -AR/MACC1 axis.

Cancer Commun (Lond) 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Oncology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510515, P. R. China.

Background: Depression is a common, easily ignored, accompanied disease of gastric cancer (GC) patients and is often observed with elevated plasma catecholamine levels. Depression frequently promotes GC progression and leads to poor clinical outcomes; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying depression-induced GC progression remain poorly understood. We aimed to study the effects of depression on GC progression and explore possible mechanisms mediating the action of depression-associated catecholamines on GC. Read More

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FUBP1 promotes colorectal cancer stemness and metastasis via DVL1-mediated activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling.

Mol Oncol 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Program of Molecular Medicine, Affiliated Guangzhou Women and Children's Hospital, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Distant metastasis is, unfortunately, the leading cause of death in colorectal cancer (CRC). Approximately 50% of CRC patients develop liver metastases, while 10-30% of patients develop pulmonary metastases. The occurrence of metastasis is considered to be almost exclusively driven by cancer stem cells (CSCs) formation. Read More

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Altered Adiponectin Response in Older Women Following Dextrose and High-Fat Dietary Challenges.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2021 Jul 21:e2100487. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

German Institute of Human Nutrition, Potsdam - Rehbrücke, Department of Nutrition and Gerontology, Nuthetal, Germany.

Scope: Despite its beneficial properties, higher adiponectin concentrations are paradoxically associated with mortality in advanced age. Several mechanisms are being discussed. However, little is known about postprandial regulation of adiponectin in older adults. Read More

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Differences in cytokine and chemokine profiles in cerebrospinal fluid caused by the etiology of cryptococcal meningitis and tuberculous meningitis in HIV patients.

Clin Exp Immunol 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

National Clinical Research Center for Infectious Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Qingchun Rd, Hangzhou, China.

The roles of cytokines and chemokines in HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis (HCM) and HIV-associated tuberculous meningitis (HTBM) are debatable. In sum, 34 HIV-infected patients without meningitis, 44 HCM patients and 27 HTBM patients were enrolled for study. The concentrations of 22 cytokines/chemokines in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were assayed in at admission. Read More

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Pilot Study on Neonatal Screening for Methylmalonic Acidemia Caused by Defects in the Adenosylcobalamin Synthesis Pathway and Homocystinuria Caused by Defects in Homocysteine Remethylation.

Int J Neonatal Screen 2021 Jul 7;7(3). Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Hiroshima University Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan.

Neonatal screening (NS) for methylmalonic acidemia uses propionylcarnitine (C3) as a primary index, which is insufficiently sensitive at detecting methylmalonic acidemia caused by defects in the adenosylcobalamin synthesis pathway. Moreover, homocystinuria from cystathionine β-synthase deficiency is screened by detecting hypermethioninemia, but methionine levels decrease in homocystinuria caused by defects in homocysteine remethylation. To establish NS detection of methylmalonic acidemia and homocystinuria of these subtypes, we evaluated the utility of indices (1) C3 ≥ 3. Read More

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CCL25 Signaling in the Tumor Microenvironment.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1302:99-111

Department of Microbiology, Biochemistry, and Immunology, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Multiple checkpoint mechanisms are overridden by cancer cells in order to develop into a tumor. Neoplastic cells, while constantly changing during the course of cancer progression, also craft their surroundings to meet their growing needs. This crafting involves changing cell surface receptors, affecting response to extracellular signals and secretion of signals that affect the nearby cells and extracellular matrix architecture. Read More

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Backbone resonance assignments of the A2 domain of mouse von Willebrand factor.

Biomol NMR Assign 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Molecular Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto-Daigaku Katsura, Nishikyo-Ku, Kyoto, 615-8510, Japan.

von Willebrand factor (vWF) is an adhesive plasma protein that is important for platelet adhesion in normal hemostasis in response to vascular injury. Although large vWF multimers are released from storage granules of platelets and (sub-)endothelial cells in response to hemostatic stimuli, for normal physiological function, vWF multimers are required to be cleaved into smaller multimeric forms. The plasma metalloproteinase ADAMTS13 specifically cleaves the peptide bond located in the middle of the A2 domain of vWF (vWF-A2), but the cleavage site is buried inside the structure of vWF and is difficult to access in the absence of elevated flow shear stress. Read More

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A Case of Acute Eosinophilic Leukemia with a Novel 6 Mutation.

Case Rep Hematol 2021 3;2021:5574766. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Division of Hematology/Oncology, University of Rochester Medical Center, James P. Wilmot Cancer Institute, Rochester, NY, USA.

Acute eosinophilic leukemia (AEL) is a rare form of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that requires prompt exclusion of reactive etiologies of eosinophilia and identification of an underlying acute myeloid neoplasm. Myeloid neoplasms with prominent eosinophilia often have rearrangements in the platelet-derived growth factor receptor () or ( or are associated with core-binding factor AML. In this report, we describe a 35-year-old male presenting with chest discomfort and altered mental status, found to have marked leukocytosis with eosinophilic predominance and an elevated blast count. Read More

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Elevated circulating endothelial microparticles (EMPs) in prepubertal children born preterm.

Pediatr Res 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Neonatal Unit, First Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Background: Endothelial microparticles (EMPs) act as early biomarkers of endothelial activation and damage. No studies have investigated EMPs in preterm-born individuals.

Methods: Sixty-three preterm-born children and 52 children born full-term (controls) were studied. Read More

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Effects of IGFBP3 knockdown on human endometrial mesenchymal stromal cells stress-induced senescence.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Jul 16;570:143-147. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Institute of Cytology RAS, Tikhoretsky Ave 4, St. Petersburg, 194064, Russia. Electronic address:

Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP3) is known for its pleiotropic ability to regulate various cellular processes such as proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation etc. It has recently been shown that IGFBP3 is part of the secretome of senescent human endometrial mesenchymal stromal cells (MESCs) (Griukova et al., 2019) that takes part in paracrine propagation of senescence-like phenotype in MESCs (Vassilieva et al. Read More

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22A-3-induced TGF-β1 secretion from intestinal epithelial cells stimulated CD103 DC and Foxp3 Treg differentiation and amelioration of colitis in mice.

Food Funct 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Agrobioscience, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501, Japan.

In the present study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory properties of Lactiplantibacillus plantarum 22A-3 (LP22A3) and attempted to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanism. The oral administration of LP22A3 significantly inhibited body weight reduction and decreased colon shortening and colitis score in mice with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. It was demonstrated that the production of the active-form of TGF-β tended to increase in both the intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) of the ileum and serum but not in the colon of non-DSS-treated mice by LP22A3. Read More

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Does oxidatively damaged DNA drive amyloid-β generation in Alzheimer's disease? A hypothesis.

J Neurogenet 2021 Jul 20:1-7. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

D.Y. Patil Medical College, Kolhapur, India.

In Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyloid-β (Aβ) generation and upstream β-secretase 1 (BACE1) expression appear to be driven by oxidative stress via c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), p38, and Interferon-Induced, Double-Stranded RNA-Activated Protein Kinase (PKR). In addition, inflammatory molecules, including lipopolysaccharide (LPS), induce genes central to Aβ genesis, such as BACE1, via nuclear factor-κB (NFκB). However, additional triggers of Aβ generation remain poorly understood and might represent novel opportunities for therapeutic intervention. Read More

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Fasting hypoglycaemia secondary to carnitine deficiency: a late consequence of gastric bypass.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 19;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 19.

University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA

Twelve years following gastric bypass surgery, a cachectic 69-year-old woman presented with both fasting and postprandial hypoglycaemia. Postprandial symptoms were relieved by dietary modification and acarbose, as is common in such cases. During a supervised fast, symptomatic hypoglycaemia occurred. Read More

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Telmisartan mitigates lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced production of mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) through increasing suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1).

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):3912-3923

Department of Gerontology, Hospital of PLA, Beijing, China.

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a serious clinical pulmonary disease. The pathogenesis of ALI is related to the excessive release of inflammatory factors and upregulation of mucin 5AC (MUC5AC). Telmisartan is a novel antihypertension agent that exerts promising anti-inflammatory effects. Read More

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December 2021

Neuroinflammatory profiles regulated by the redox environment predicted cognitive dysfunction in people living with HIV: A cross-sectional study.

EBioMedicine 2021 Jul 16;70:103487. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, UNMC, Omaha, NE, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Despite effective combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), people living with HIV (PLWH) remain at risk for developing neurocognitive impairment primarily due to systemic inflammation that persists despite virologic suppression, albeit the mechanisms underlying such inflammation are poorly understood.

Methods: Herein, we evaluate the predictive capacity of the mitochondrial redox environment on circulating neuro- and T-lymphocyte-related inflammation and concomitant cognitive function in 40 virally-suppressed PLWH and 40 demographically-matched controls using structural equation modeling. We used state-of-the-art systems biology approaches including Seahorse Analyzer of mitochondrial function, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy to measure superoxide levels, antioxidant activity assays, and Meso Scale multiplex technology to quantify inflammatory proteins in the periphery. Read More

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From reaction kinetics to dementia: A simple dimer model of Alzheimer's disease etiology.

PLoS Comput Biol 2021 Jul 19;17(7):e1009114. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America.

Oligomers of the amyloid β-protein (Aβ) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) through their toxicity towards neurons. Understanding the process of oligomerization may contribute to the development of therapeutic agents, but this has been difficult due to the complexity of oligomerization and the metastability of the oligomers thus formed. To understand the kinetics of oligomer formation, and how that relates to the progression of AD, we developed models of the oligomerization process. Read More

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Amorphous-Crystalline Calcium Phosphate Coating Promotes In Vitro Growth of Tumor-Derived Jurkat T Cells Activated by Anti-CD2/CD3/CD28 Antibodies.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Jul 1;14(13). Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Center for Immunology and Cellular Biotechnology, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, 236029 Kaliningrad, Russia.

A modern trend in traumatology, orthopedics, and implantology is the development of materials and coatings with an amorphous-crystalline structure that exhibits excellent biocopatibility. The structure and physico-chemical and biological properties of calcium phosphate (CaP) coatings deposited on Ti plates using the micro-arc oxidation (MAO) method under different voltages (200, 250, and 300 V) were studied. Amorphous, nanocrystalline, and microcrystalline statesof CaHPO and β-CaPO were observed in the coatings using TEM and XRD. Read More

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Quercetin Impairs HuR-Driven Progression and Migration of Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) Cells.

Nutr Cancer 2021 Jul 19:1-14. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Medical Oncology, Dr. BRA IRCH, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.

In the present study, we have explored the prognostic value of HuR gene as well as protein in breast cancers. Furthermore, we have also investigated the HuR therapeutic relevance in TNBCs, which is an aggressive breast cancer subtype. Using an online meta-analysis tool, we found that HuR protein overexpression positively correlates with reduced overall survival of TNBC patients ( = 0. Read More

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Beta-1 syntrophin (SNTB1) regulates colorectal cancer progression and stemness via regulation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Jun;9(12):1016

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Diagnostics, Dongguan Key Laboratory of Medical Bioactive Molecular Developmental and Translational Research, Guangdong Medical University, Dongguan, China.

Background: Beta-1 syntrophin (SNTB1) is an intracellular scaffold protein that provides a platform for the formation of signal transduction complexes, thereby modulating and coordinating various intracellular signaling events and crucial cellular processes. However, the physiological role of SNTB1 is poorly understood. This study aims to explore the role of SNTB1 in colorectal cancer (CRC) tumorigenesis and progression, with particular focus on SNTB1's expression pattern, clinical relevance, and possible molecular mechanism in CRC development. Read More

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TRAF2 Is a Novel Ubiquitin E3 Ligase for the Na,K-ATPase β-Subunit That Drives Alveolar Epithelial Dysfunction in Hypercapnia.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 2;9:689983. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), Department of Internal Medicine, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Universities of Giessen and Marburg Lung Center (UGMLC), Giessen, Germany.

Several acute and chronic lung diseases are associated with alveolar hypoventilation leading to accumulation of CO (hypercapnia). The β-subunit of the Na,K-ATPase plays a pivotal role in maintaining epithelial integrity by functioning as a cell adhesion molecule and regulating cell surface stability of the catalytic α-subunit of the transporter, thereby, maintaining optimal alveolar fluid balance. Here, we identified the E3 ubiquitin ligase for the Na,K-ATPase β-subunit, which promoted polyubiquitination, subsequent endocytosis and proteasomal degradation of the protein upon exposure of alveolar epithelial cells to elevated CO levels, thus impairing alveolar integrity. Read More

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Upregulated Intrathecal Expression of VEGF-A and Long Lasting Global Upregulation of Proinflammatory Immune Mediators in Vaccine Breakthrough Tick-Borne Encephalitis.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2021 1;11:696337. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Laboratory for Diagnostic of Zoonoses and World Health Organization (WHO) Center, Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Although anti-TBE vaccines are highly effective, vaccine breakthrough (VBT) cases have been reported. With increasing evidence for immune system involvement in TBE pathogenesis, we characterized the immune mediators reflecting innate and adaptive T and B cell responses in neurological and convalescent phase in VBT TBE patients. At the beginning of the neurological phase, VBT patients have significantly higher serum levels of several innate and adaptive inflammatory cytokines compared to healthy donors, reflecting a global inflammatory state. Read More

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The Young Heart Tears Easily Apart: A Case Report of Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection.

Cureus 2021 Jun 11;13(6):e15590. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Internal Medicine, MacNeal Hospital, Berwyn, USA.

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), seen mostly in young females. The rarity and limited knowledge of the disease make its management challenging. Prompt diagnosis of the condition is extremely important to decrease both long- and short-term complications. Read More

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Investigating the Role of Ferritin in Determining Sexual Underdevelopment in Beta-Thalassemia Major Patients: A Cross-Sectional Analysis From Pakistan.

Cureus 2021 Jun 10;13(6):e15572. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Internal Medicine, Rashid Latif Medical College, Lahore, PAK.

Background Beta-thalassemia major, a genetic disorder, delineates a vast spectrum of hematological and endocrinological complications. Elevated serum ferritin levels in beta-thalassemia patients represent various transfusion-related complications including infection, hemochromatosis, and severe iron overload that might lead to endocrinopathies such as hypogonadism leading to sexual underdevelopment. Our study, thus, aims to explore the role of ferritin in determining sexual underdevelopment in such patients. Read More

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