6,603 results match your criteria elementary schools

Sun protection changes among diverse elementary schoolchildren participating in a sun safety intervention: A latent transition analysis of a randomized controlled trial.

Prev Med 2021 May 7:106601. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States of America; Department of Dermatology, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States of America.

Children are a priority population for skin cancer prevention as excessive sun exposure in childhood increases the risk of melanoma in adulthood. The complexity of sun protective behaviors has posed measurement challenges for trials testing intervention efficacy. The current study evaluated a sun safety intervention for schoolchildren using latent transition analysis (LTA) to examine patterns of sun protection behaviors over time. Read More

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Association of beverage consumption types with weight, height, and body mass index in grade 3 children in northern Taiwan: A cross-sectional study.

Nutrition 2021 Jan 29;90:111173. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan; Department of Pediatrics, Shin-Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objectives: The prevalence of convenience and beverage stores in Taiwan provides an environment for children to access different beverages. To our knowledge, the relationship between beverage consumption types and anthropometrics in children has not been reported in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the consumption frequency of beverage type and anthropometrics in third-grade children. Read More

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January 2021

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Associated Factors Among First-Year Elementary School Students.

J Multidiscip Healthc 2021 30;14:997-1005. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Faculty of Public Health, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hue University, Hue City, Vietnam.

Purpose: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental health disorder commonly in children. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of ADHD and risk factors among first-year pupils in Vietnam's urban city.

Patients And Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in four randomly selected primary schools. Read More

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Magnitude of Gender-Based Violence and Its Associated Factors among Female Night Students in Bahir Dar City, Amhara Region, Ethiopia.

Int J Reprod Med 2021 12;2021:6694890. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Midwifery, College of Health Science, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia.

Background: Gender-based violence (GBV) is a major public health issue that affects the health and well-being of millions of young people worldwide each year. Gender-based violence was prevalent throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. However, research in Africa is extremely diverse. Read More

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Study of Functional Impairment in Students of Elementary and Secondary Public Schools in Iran.

J Can Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 May 1;30(2):68-81. Epub 2021 May 1.

Cambridge Health Alliance, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.

Objective: The current study aimed to investigate the frequency of impairment in different functional domains of life and the relationship between sex and age and functional impairment in school-based samples of Iranian children and adolescents.

Method: A sample of 270 children (ages 6-11) enrolled in two public elementary schools and a sample of 386 adolescents (ages 12-17) enrolled in four public secondary schools were selected by multistage sampling. The Persian version of the parent report form and self-report form of the Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale (WFIRS-P and WFIRS-S) were used for evaluating functional impairment in children and adolescents, respectively. Read More

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Co-occurrence of health risk behaviors and the family context among Brazilian adolescents, National Survey of School Health (2015).

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2021 3;24:e210023. Epub 2021 May 3.

Instituto Multidisciplinar em Saúde, Universidade Federal da Bahia - Vitória da Conquista (BA), Brasil.

Objective: To evaluate the association between the co-occurrence of risk behaviors (RB) and the family context in Brazilian adolescents.

Methods: Cross-sectional study on 101,534 students from the 9th grade of elementary school in the National Survey of School Health - PeNSE 2015. The co-occurrence of RB was estimated by the sum of the presence of sedentary behavior, low fruit consumption, regular consumption of alcohol and tobacco. Read More

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Stand Out in Class: Investigating the Potential Impact of a Sit-Stand Desk Intervention on Children's Sitting and Physical Activity during Class Time and after School.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 29;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK.

Sedentary behaviour (sitting) is a risk factor for adverse health outcomes. The classroom environment has traditionally been associated with prolonged periods of sitting in children. The aim of this study was to examine the potential impact of an environmental intervention, the addition of sit-stand desks in the classroom, on school children's sitting and physical activity during class time and after school. Read More

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Effect of a Scalable School-Based Intervention on Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Children: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Pediatr 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Callaghan, University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia.

Importance: Cardiorespiratory fitness is an important marker of childhood health and low fitness levels are a risk factor for disease later in life. Levels of children's fitness have declined in recent decades. Whether school-based physical activity interventions can increase fitness at the population level remains unclear. Read More

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Prevalence and associated factors of allergic diseases in school children and adolescents aged 6-7 and 13-14 years from two rural areas in Colombia.

Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 2021 1;49(3):153-161. Epub 2021 May 1.

Otolaryngology and Allergology Research Groups, Unidad Médico Quirúrgica de Otorrinolaringología (UNIMEQ-ORL), Bogotá, Colombia.

Introduction: The prevalence of allergic diseases is increasing worldwide, affecting about 30% of the population in low to middle-income countries. Research trends on allergic diseases within rural pediatric populations of Latin American countries is scarce. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of allergic diseases (allergic rhinitis, asthma, and atopic dermatitis) and their associated factors using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood-III (ISAAC-III) questionnaire in school-aged children from two rural municipalities in Colombia. Read More

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Nutrition across the curriculum: a scoping review exploring the integration of nutrition education within primary schools.

Nutr Res Rev 2021 Apr 30:1-44. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW2308, Australia.

Primary schools contribute to promoting healthy eating behaviour and preventing overweight and obesity by providing nutrition education. Research highlights the importance of improving teachers' program implementation to enhance intervention effectiveness. An integrative approach has been suggested to reduce time barriers that teachers currently experience in teaching nutrition. Read More

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Validation of the parent version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) to screen mental health problems among school-age children in Mongolia.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 04 29;21(1):218. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Health Policy, National Center for Child Health and Development, 2-10-1, Okura, Tokyo, Setagaya, 157-8535, Japan.

Background: Child and adolescent mental health problems are urgent health issues in low- and middle-income countries. To promote child and adolescent mental health services, simple validated screening tools are helpful. In Mongolia, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), an internationally used child and adolescent mental health screening tool for children aged 4-17, was translated but not yet validated. Read More

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Implementation of Physical Activity in US Elementary Schools: The Role of Administrative Support, Financial Resources, and Champions.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 23;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Center for School and Community Partnerships, College of Education, Boise State University, 1910 University Drive, Boise, ID 83725-1742, USA.

The intentional integration of physical activity in elementary school classrooms-including brief instructional breaks for activity, or integration into lessons-can benefit children's physical activity and education outcomes. Teachers are key implementation agents, but despite physical activity in the classroom being an evidence-informed practice, many teachers do not regularly implement it. The aim of this study was to obtain updated nationally representative prevalence estimates in United States public elementary schools, regarding four key outcomes: (1) school adoption of physically active lessons (PA lessons); (2) school adoption of physical-activity breaks (PA breaks); (3) penetration in the classroom, defined as ≥50% of teachers using PA breaks; and (4) dose, defined as an average of at least 50 min per week of PA breaks. Read More

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Structural Equation Model of Elementary School Students' Quality of Life Related to Smart Devices Usage Based on PRECEDE Model.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 18;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Nursing Science, Kongju National University, Gongju 32588, Korea.

Korean elementary school students have the lowest life satisfaction levels among OECD countries. The use of smart devices has led to smartphone addiction, which seriously affects their quality of life. This study aims to establish and test variables that affect the quality of life (QOL) of elementary school students based on the Predisposing, Reinforcing and Enabling Constructs in Educational Diagnosis and Evaluation (PRECEDE) model, using smart device-related parental intervention, self-efficacy, social support, health promotion behaviors, family environment, smart device addiction, and QOL as measurement variables. Read More

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Self-Reported Dental Caries by Mexican Elementary and Middle-School Schoolchildren in the Context of Socioeconomic Indicators: A National Ecological Study.

Children (Basel) 2021 Apr 8;8(4). Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University/Purdue University, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.

The objective of the present research was to quantify the association between dental caries self-report and socioeconomic indicators in Mexican children. An ecological study included a self-report of dental caries in schoolchildren enrolled in public elementary and middle schools derived from the National School Health Survey. A total of 73,560 schoolchildren (representing 19,745,366 students) aged 5 to 16 years were included. Read More

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Directly Observed Physical Activity of Year 1 Children during School Class Time: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 1;18(7). Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Physiotherapy Program, Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Gold Coast, Robina, QLD 4226, Australia.

Providing physical activity opportunities to children throughout the school day may be beneficial for children's health and learning. Existing practices regarding the frequency, type and context of physical activity opportunities being provided to children in the early years of primary school remains largely unknown. The aim of this study was to observe Year 1 children's physical activity and its contexts during school class time and identify opportunities to incorporate additional activity. Read More

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Availability and advertising of sugar sweetened beverages in South African public primary schools following a voluntary pledge by a major beverage company: a mixed methods study.

Glob Health Action 2021 Jan;14(1):1898130

SAMRC/Centre for Health Economics and Decision Science, PRICELESS, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand School of Public Health, Johannesburg, South Africa.

: Towards the end of the 2017 school year, a prominent beverage company in South Africa pledged to remove their sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and advertisements from primary schools in order to contribute to the realization of a healthy school environment.: To assess the availability and advertising of the company's beverages in public primary schools in Gauteng province following their voluntary pledge to remove the products, and to explore perceptions of school staff regarding SSB availability in schools and processes related to the implementation of the pledge.: In 2019, we conducted a representative survey of public sector primary (elementary) schools in Gauteng province, South Africa. Read More

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January 2021

Evaluation of varicella vaccine effectiveness during outbreaks in schools or nurseries by cross-sectional study.

Vaccine 2021 May 22;39(21):2901-2905. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Pediatrics, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Aichi 470-1192, Japan.

Objective: The aim of this study was to elucidate vaccine effectiveness (VE) during varicella outbreaks in schools and nurseries in Japan.

Methods: An outbreak was defined as emergence of three or more cases of varicella within 21 days at the same institute. Clinical information such as varicella vaccination status, and history of varicella was collected. Read More

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Classroom-based cognitive behavioural therapy: a large-scale non-randomised controlled trial of the 'Journey of the Brave'.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2021 Apr 24;15(1):21. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Research Centre for Child Mental Development, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba, 260-8670, Japan.

Background: In Japan, 'Journey of the Brave', a cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-based anxiety preventive education programme, was previously developed and its effectiveness examined in two small-scale controlled trials. These studies had some limitations, including a small number of participants and not having regular classroom teachers as programme facilitators. Therefore, we conducted a large-scale controlled trial, with teachers as programme implementers. Read More

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Brief data report on parent-child pro-environmental engagement across five cities in China.

Fanli Jia Hui Yu

Data Brief 2021 Jun 18;36:106970. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

School of Education, Harbin Normal University, China.

The data presented here was partially published in the article "Action, Communication, and Engagement: How Parents "ACE" Children's Pro-Environmental Behaviors" [1]. The data was collected from 23 elementary summer schools across five cities in China. Two data files were presented: Child's Dataset, and Parent's Dataset. Read More

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A Mixed-Methods Evaluation of a School Wellness Initiative: An Examination of Longer Lunch Periods and More Physical Activity Opportunities.

J Acad Nutr Diet 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Background: There are currently no national standards for lunch period lengths or physical activity in schools. Research is needed to better understand the impact of school initiatives that improve policies related to lunch and movement opportunities on student outcomes. Additionally, best practices are necessary to support schools that are considering initiatives that address these factors. Read More

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Leveraging Motivational Interviewing to Coach Teachers in the Implementation of Preventive Evidence-Based Practices: A Sequential Analysis of the Motivational Interviewing Process.

Prev Sci 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

School of Education and Human Development, University of Virginia, 405 Emmet St S, Charlottesville, VA, 22904, USA.

Though emerging research supports the effectiveness of school-based coaching models utilizing motivational interviewing (MI), an examination of the specific drivers behind these effects is notably lacking in the prevention field. This study leveraged sequential analysis to examine how teachers' verbalization of change talk (i.e. Read More

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Accelerometer measured physical activity patterns of children during segmented school day in Abu Dhabi.

BMC Pediatr 2021 Apr 17;21(1):182. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Public Health Research Center, New York University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Background: The overwhelming majority of United Arab Emirates (UAE) school-aged children do not meet the 60 min per day recommendation of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Understanding the different school day segments contribution to children reaching this goal is a crucial step toward developing successful strategies to promote school day MVPA levels. This study aimed to objectively measure children's' physical activity levels and to examine the difference in physical activity levels between high active and low active children during the school day in Abu Dhabi. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2 transmission in a Georgia school district - United States, December 2020-January 2021.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

COVID-19 Response, CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: To inform prevention strategies, we assessed the extent of SARS-CoV-2 transmission and settings in which transmission occurred in a Georgia public school district.

Methods: During December 1, 2020-January 22, 2021, SARS-CoV-2-infected index cases and their close contacts in schools were identified by school and public health officials. For in-school contacts, we assessed symptoms and offered SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR testing; performed epidemiologic investigations and whole-genome sequencing to identify in-school transmission; and calculated secondary attack rate (SAR) by school setting (e. Read More

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Factors Associated with Participation in Elementary School-Based SARS-CoV-2 Testing - Salt Lake County, Utah, December 2020-January 2021.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021 Apr 16;70(15):557-559. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

During December 3, 2020-January 31, 2021, CDC, in collaboration with the University of Utah Health and Economic Recovery Outreach Project,* Utah Department of Health (UDOH), Salt Lake County Health Department, and one Salt Lake county school district, offered free, in-school, real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) saliva testing as part of a transmission investigation of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, in elementary school settings. School contacts of persons with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, including close contacts, were eligible to participate (1). Investigators approached parents or guardians of student contacts by telephone, and during January, using school phone lines to offer in-school specimen collection; the testing procedures were explained in the preferred language of the parent or guardian. Read More

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Construyendo Conexiones Para Los Niños: Environmental Justice, Reproductive Feminicidio, and Coalitional Possibility in the Borderlands.

Health Commun 2021 Apr 15:1-11. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Communication, Utah Valley University.

Familias Unidas del Chamizal is a community organization in El Paso, TX that works to increase awareness around the issues of education, environmental racism, development, and public health. In 2019, the El Paso Independent School District launched an initiative to close several schools due to low enrollment, forcing students in Barrio Chamizal to relocate to Frederick Douglass Elementary, which borders a designated industrial zone and is surrounded by two major recycling plants. In response, Familias Unidas has organized to reverse the decision and call attention to the discriminatory practices of the school district. Read More

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Children's perceptions of a Centrally Procured School Food Program in southwestern Ontario, Canada.

Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can 2021 Apr;41(4):131-137

Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: This qualitative study investigates children's perceptions of the influences of a Centrally Procured School Food Program on their dietary behaviours and their recommendations on how to improve the program.

Methods: The observations of 208 students aged 9 to 14 years (Grades 5-8) at 21 elementary schools were collected through focus groups in 2017/18. The larger intervention consisted of a 10-week program offering daily snacks (i. Read More

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School closures reduced social mixing of children during COVID-19 with implications for transmission risk and school reopening policies.

J R Soc Interface 2021 04 14;18(177):20200970. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

College of Letters and Science, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.

School closures may reduce the size of social networks among children, potentially limiting infectious disease transmission. To estimate the impact of K-12 closures and reopening policies on children's social interactions and COVID-19 incidence in California's Bay Area, we collected data on children's social contacts and assessed implications for transmission using an individual-based model. Elementary and Hispanic children had more contacts during closures than high school and non-Hispanic children, respectively. Read More

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Abnormal iron status is independently associated with reduced oscillometric lung function in schoolchildren.

Clin Respir J 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Pediatrics, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.

Background: Associations between anemia and allergic diseases have been reported, but the relationship of iron deficiency with airway dysfunction in children remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the relationship between abnormal iron parameters and lung function in schoolchildren.

Methods: Four hundred and forty-five children (10-12 years-old) from 11 elementary schools in were enrolled. Read More

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School Nursing in a Pandemic: Striving for Excellence in Santa Fe Public Schools.

NASN Sch Nurse 2021 Apr 13:1942602X211005166. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

School Nurse, EJ Martinez Elementary School, Santa Fe, NM.

When the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic led to school closures around the nation in March 2020, the role of the school nurse changed significantly, and it has continued to evolve as districts grapple with how to safely meet students' academic needs while also protecting the health of their communities. Nurses working for Santa Fe Public Schools in New Mexico have taken their new roles seriously and have been working closely with their district leaders, the New Mexico Department of Health, School Health Advocates, and the Public Education Department to facilitate evidence-based policies and procedures. Activities have included cohorting, contact tracing, resource development, education (of staff and families), planning and implementation of safety procedures, coordination of surveillance testing, and staff screening, along with finding new, COVID safe ways to provide standard school nursing services, including immunization administration, hearing and vision screening, teaching, and promoting wellness and mental health. Read More

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Health-related quality of life in mothers of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Taiwan: The roles of child, parent, and family characteristics.

Res Dev Disabil 2021 Jun 6;113:103944. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Psychiatry, Chiayi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan; School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Background: No study has examined how child and maternal psychopathological difficulties and family factors contribute to the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of mothers of children with attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD).

Aims: To investigate the impact of children's diagnosis of ADHD, children's and maternal psychopathology and significant sociodemographic variables of the children, parents and family on HRQOL of mothers of children with ADHD and those of children with typical development (TD) in Taiwan.

Methods And Procedures: Children with ADHD (n = 257) and children with typical development (n = 324) and their mothers were recruited from a psychiatric clinic of a medical center and 10 elementary schools and four high schools in northern Taiwan. Read More

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