816 results match your criteria elementary schoolchildren

Influence of physical activity and postural habits in schoolchildren with scoliosis.

Arch Public Health 2021 Apr 29;79(1):63. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Postgraduate program in public health at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

Background: Scoliosis is considered one of the main musculoskeletal changes in childhood, and is characterized by three-dimensional changes in the spine. Schoolchildren is a group who are directly exposed to this condition because they go through a rapid growth phase in adolescence, added to other external factors such as school environment and daily living habits such as little physical activity. This study aimed to identify the risk factors associated with scoliosis in schoolchildren. Read More

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Self-Reported Dental Caries by Mexican Elementary and Middle-School Schoolchildren in the Context of Socioeconomic Indicators: A National Ecological Study.

Children (Basel) 2021 Apr 8;8(4). Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University/Purdue University, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.

The objective of the present research was to quantify the association between dental caries self-report and socioeconomic indicators in Mexican children. An ecological study included a self-report of dental caries in schoolchildren enrolled in public elementary and middle schools derived from the National School Health Survey. A total of 73,560 schoolchildren (representing 19,745,366 students) aged 5 to 16 years were included. Read More

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Abnormal iron status is independently associated with reduced oscillometric lung function in schoolchildren.

Clin Respir J 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Pediatrics, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.

Background: Associations between anemia and allergic diseases have been reported, but the relationship of iron deficiency with airway dysfunction in children remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the relationship between abnormal iron parameters and lung function in schoolchildren.

Methods: Four hundred and forty-five children (10-12 years-old) from 11 elementary schools in were enrolled. Read More

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[Perception of loneliness, happiness, and health, and quality of diet. The moderator role of weight status].

Nutr Hosp 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal. Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación. Universidad de Murcia.

Aim: to determine the relationship between perceived loneliness, happiness, and health, and quality of diet, observing the moderator role of weight status in elementary school children during the state of alarm decreed for COVID-19.

Methods: a descriptive, cross-sectional study in a sample of 116 Spanish schoolchildren. The perception of loneliness, happiness, and health was assessed using three items of the Health Behavior in School-aged Children questionnaire. Read More

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Developmental Changes in ANS Precision Across Grades 1-9: Different Patterns of Accuracy and Reaction Time.

Front Psychol 2021 24;12:589305. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

The main aim of this study was to analyze the patterns of changes in Approximate Number Sense (ANS) precision from grade 1 (mean age: 7.84 years) to grade 9 (mean age: 15.82 years) in a sample of Russian schoolchildren. Read More

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Parents' Perceptions on Barriers and Facilitators of Physical Activity among Schoolchildren: A Qualitative Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 17;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Nursing, Physioterapy and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 45600 Talavera de la Reina, Toledo, Spain.

Given that physical activity (PA) plays an important role in early childhood, understanding the factors that affect the practice of PA at an early age could help develop effective strategies for overcoming barriers and increasing activity levels in this age group. A qualitative study was conducted based on grounded theory aimed at exploring the perceptions of mothers and fathers from Cuenca and Ciudad Real (Castilla La Mancha, Spain) regarding barriers and facilitators of physical activity of their children during the adiposity rebound period. Data were collected using focus groups involving 46 parents of children in the 3rd grade of pre-school and 1st grade of elementary school. Read More

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Household and schooling rather than diet offset the adverse associations of height with school competence and emotional disturbance among Taiwanese girls.

Public Health Nutr 2021 Mar 22:1-10. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Institute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institutes, 35 Keyan Road, Zhunan Town, Miaoli County, Taiwan35053, Republic of China.

Objective: Short stature may reflect health in early life and be an enduring disability. How birth weight, gender, household, elementary schooling and diet play a role in associations between stature and overall school competence (OSC) have been assessed.

Design: The 2001-2002 Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT) for elementary schoolchildren (n 2274, 52·1 % boys) was linked to birth records. Read More

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Epidemiology and pain in elementary school-aged players: a survey of Japanese badminton players participating in the national tournament.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 19;11(1):6459. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Institute of Sport, Senshu University, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan.

Pain is common in athletes which should be well managed. To identify risk factors for shoulder pain, and the association between shoulder pain, lower back pain and knee pain among elementary school-aged badminton players, we conducted a cross-sectional study to collect data of the past year among 611 elementary school age (7-12 years old) badminton players belonging to the Japan Schoolchildren Badminton Federation using a questionnaire. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Read More

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The relationship of irisin with metabolic syndrome components and insulin secretion and resistance in schoolchildren.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Feb;100(5):e24061

Department of Education and Research, Kaohsiung Veteran General Hospital, Kaohsiung City.

Abstract: Irisin, a novel myokine, is believed to be the crucial factor in converting white adipose tissue to beige adipose tissue. For this paper, we studied the relationship among irisin and components of metabolic syndrome (MetS), and insulin secretion and resistance in schoolchildren of Taiwan.Subjects receiving routine annual health examination at elementary school were enrolled. Read More

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February 2021

Intra-Rater (Live vs. Video Assessment) and Inter-Rater (Expert vs. Novice) Reliability of the Test of Gross Motor Development-Third Edition.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 02 9;18(4). Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), University Hospital of Santiago de Compostela-CHUS, 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

The Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD) is one of the most common tools for assessing the fundamental movement skills (FMS) in children between 3 and 10 years. This study aimed to examine the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of the TGMD-3rd Edition (TGMD-3) between expert and novice raters using live and video assessment. Five raters [2 experts and 3 novices (one of them BSc in Physical Education and Sport Science)] assessed and scored the performance of the TGMD-3 of 25 healthy children [Female: 60%; mean (standard deviation) age 9. Read More

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February 2021

Age and ability differentiation in children: A review and empirical investigation.

Dev Psychol 2021 Mar 4;57(3):325-346. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Department of Psychology, University of Trier.

Differentiation hypotheses concern changes in the structural organization of cognitive abilities that depend on the level of general intelligence (ability differentiation) or age (developmental differentiation). Part 1 of this article presents a review of the literature on ability and developmental differentiation effects in children, revealing the need for studies that examine both effects simultaneously in this age group with appropriate statistical methods. Part 2 presents an empirical study in which nonlinear factor analytic models were applied to the standardization sample ( = 2,619 German elementary schoolchildren; 48% female; age: = 8. Read More

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Parental worry, family-based disaster education and children's internalizing and externalizing problems during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Psychol Trauma 2021 Jan 21. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Faculty of Education.

Internalizing and externalizing problems are prevalent in disaster-exposed children but few studies have investigated these problems in relation to parental factors. This study examined how parental worry and family-based disaster education related to children's internalizing and externalizing problems during the outbreak of COVID-19 in China. Parents reported parental worry, family-based disaster education and their children's (5-8-year-old young elementary schoolchildren [ = 245] and 245 9-13-year-old early adolescents [ = 245]) internalizing and externalizing problems. Read More

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January 2021

Pertussis Epidemic in Lower-Grade Schoolchildren Without Preschool Vaccination Boosters.

Indian Pediatr 2021 Jan;58(1):73-74

Department of Pediatrics, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

We investigated the characteristics of patients with pertussis who did not receive preschool vaccination boosters. Fifteen patients with laboratory-confirmed pertussis and 29 pertussis-negative patients were compared. All pertussis-positive patients, but only 17% of pertussis-negative patients, were elementary school age and older. Read More

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January 2021

Risk and Protective Factors for Frequent Electronic Device Use of Online Technologies.

Child Dev 2021 Mar 11;92(2):704-714. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Penn State.

A sample of 10,460 U.S. elementary schoolchildren was analyzed to identify early predictors of frequent use of online technologies (i. Read More

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Tourniquet application by schoolchildren-a randomized crossover study of three commercially available models.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2021 04;90(4):666-672

From the Faculty of Medicine (A.E.B., F.M., L.L.-H.), Université de Montreal; Pediatric Emergency Medicine (E.K.), Montreal Children's Hospital, Montreal, Quebec; Faculty of Medicine (J.M.F.), University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta; and Adult Emergency Medicine (V.H.), McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Background: Life-threatening hemorrhage is a major cause of preventable mortality in trauma. Studies have demonstrated the effectiveness and safety of commercial tourniquets when used by adult civilians. However, there are no data about tourniquet application by children. Read More

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Daylight and School Performance in European Schoolchildren.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 12 31;18(1). Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Epidemiology of Allergic and Respiratory Diseases (EPAR) Department, Saint-Antoine Medical School, INSERM, Pierre Louis Institute of Epidemiology and Public Health (IPLESP UMRS 1136), Sorbonne Université, 27 rue de Chaligny, CEDEX 12, 75571 Paris, France.

Aims and objectives: Lighting constitutes a critical issue in school design because of its importance as a strong enabler of performance, which is crucial for child development. However, data on light impacts on school performance are scarce. The main objective of this study was to assess the relationship between daylighting conditions in classrooms and mathematical and logical test scores. Read More

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December 2020

Negative Association in Reported Dietary Energy Intake and Physique in Japanese Schoolchildren.

J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 2020 ;66(6):545-552

Division of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University.

Appropriate dietary assessment and health education are necessary for children to achieve a healthy physique. To explore the relationship between habitual reported dietary energy intake (EI) and physique in elementary schoolchildren by sex and age, we conducted a longitudinal study, in the fiscal year 2011, that included all elementary schools in Omihachiman City, Shiga Prefecture, Japan. The study lasted for four consecutive years, ending in fiscal year 2014, and included 545 7-y-old schoolchildren in the target city. Read More

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January 2020

Rural schoolteachers' knowledge about oral health and perceived roles in oral health education.

J Public Health Dent 2020 Dec 28. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Division of Dental Public Health, Department of Primary Dental Care, University of Minnesota School of Dentistry, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Objectives: To explore schoolteachers' knowledge about oral health, their perception of their role as oral health educators, and their preparedness to teach oral health in rural public schools.

Methods: We conducted a survey of 119 schoolteachers in four public elementary and middle schools in rural Minnesota during spring semester of 2019. We used descriptive statistics to analyze the data. Read More

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December 2020

Proportion and characteristic of emmetropia in schoolchildren aged 6-11y: the Shenzhen elementary school eye study.

Int J Ophthalmol 2020 18;13(12):1983-1989. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510060, Guangdong Province, China.

Aim: To investigate the proportion and characteristic of emmetropia in schoolchildren aged 6-11, especially estimate the normal value of ocular biometric parameters of emmetropia.

Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted on children aged 6-11y in Shenzhen. Totally, 2386 schoolchildren from two primary schools were involved. Read More

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December 2020

Association Between High Birth Weight and Later Central Obesity in 9-Year-Old Schoolchildren.

Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2020 Dec 7. Epub 2020 Dec 7.

Department of Nutrition and Diabetes, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Studies have suggested that birth weight (BW) is associated with body mass index (BMI), but its association with waist circumference (WC) in children should be further explored. To determine the association between central obesity (OB) in 9-year-old Argentinean schoolchildren and high BW. Schoolchildren ( = 2567, 1157 males) aged 8. Read More

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December 2020

Joy in Movement: Traditional Sporting Games and Emotional Experience in Elementary Physical Education.

Front Psychol 2020 5;11:588640. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Faculty of Education, Murcia University, Murcia, Spain.

Through games a motivating learning climate is provided, generating mainly positive emotions among the students by the very nature of the game. However, while the early stages are the most important for emotional well-being development, research about scientific knowledge of emotional physical education in children is still scarce. The aims of this study were to analyze the intensity of emotions (positive or negative) produced when players took part in games of different social structure, with or without competition (winner or loser), with or without sport experience and to examine the explanations given by the participants for these emotional experiences. Read More

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November 2020

Intergenerational Comparison of Food Parenting of Home Eating Behaviors of Schoolchildren.

J Nutr Educ Behav 2021 Feb 12;53(2):130-141. Epub 2020 Nov 12.

Department of Nutritional Science, College of Human Ecology, Fu Jen Catholic University, Xinzhuang District, New Taipei City, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objective: To explore intergenerational differences on key factors of food parenting practices (FPPs) related to home eating behavior of schoolchildren.

Design: In-depth interviews with social recognition theory-based semistructured interviews conducted from December 2016 to January 2017.

Participants: Primary caregivers of elementary schoolchildren from 23 households (16 parents, 14 grandparents) in 4 remote areas of Hualien, Taiwan. Read More

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February 2021

Phonological remediation in schoolchildren with ADHD and dyslexia.

Codas 2020 9;32(5):e20190086. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ - Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil.

Purpose: To compare the performance in phonological processing skills, reading speed and reading comprehension before and after phonological remediation in a restricted group of schoolchildren with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and with dyslexia.

Methods: Thirty-two schoolchildren from the 2nd to 8th year of Elementary School of both genders, with diagnosis of ADHD and Dyslexia according to the DSM-5, participated in this study. All patients underwent Phonological Remediation Program consisted of 18 weekly sessions. Read More

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November 2020

Transmission Media of Foodborne Diseases as an Index Prediction of Diarrheagenic : Study at Elementary School, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 11 7;17(21). Epub 2020 Nov 7.

Center for Environment and Population Health, School of Medicine, Griffith University, Queensland 4215, Australia.

Foodborne diseases (FBDs) have a large disease burden among children. The major type of FBD in children is diarrhea, caused mainly by contaminated food. One of the diarrhea pathogens is Diarrheagenic (DEC). Read More

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November 2020

Assessment of Dental Caries Status and Oral Hygiene Practices among 6-10-year-old Rural and Urban Schoolchildren in South Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2020 Jul-Aug;13(4):348-354

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, VS Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Dental caries is the most common disease affecting oral cavity. Despite credible scientific advances and the fact that dental caries is preventable, the disease continues to be a major public health problem.

Aim: To assess the dental caries status and oral hygiene practices among 6-10-year-old rural and urban schoolchildren in south Bengaluru. Read More

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November 2020

Asthma prevalence and control among schoolchildren residing near outdoor air pollution sites.

J Asthma 2020 Nov 5:1-11. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Division of Pediatric Allergy/Immunology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Introduction: Outdoor air pollution (OAP) contributes to poor asthma outcomes and remains a public health concern in Pittsburgh. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of childhood asthma and its rate of control among Pittsburgh schoolchildren residing near OAP sites.

Methods: Participants were recruited from schools near OAP sites. Read More

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November 2020

Effects of Body Mass Index (BMI), demographic and socioeconomic factors on organized physical activity (OPA) participation in children aged 6-15 years: a cross-sectional study comparing primary and secondary school children in Greece.

BMC Pediatr 2020 10 22;20(1):491. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

Department of Endocrinology, Children's Hospital P. & A. Kyriakou, Thibon & Levadeias str, Ampelokipoi T.K, 11527, Athens, Greece.

Background: The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of body mass index category, as well as of demographic and socioeconomic factors on the participation in organized physical activity (OPA) of schoolchildren attending primary and secondary school in Greece. Furthermore, to compare the difference between the two levels.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on a representative elementary and secondary school cohort, derived using stratification and probability proportional to size (PPS) methodology. Read More

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October 2020

Risk of genotoxic damage in schoolchildren exposed to organochloride pesticides.

Sci Rep 2020 10 16;10(1):17584. Epub 2020 Oct 16.

Proteomic and Genetic Toxicology Laboratory, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, Calle IPN 195, Playa Palo de Santa Rita Sur, 23096, La Paz, BCS, Mexico.

This study identified and determined organochloride pesticide (OCs) concentrations in hair samples from children at two elementary schools: one exposed to fumigations in agricultural fields, the other unexposed. Three concentrations of OCs levels in the hair were compared (high, medium, low), and total nuclear abnormalities in buccal cells were determined: micronuclei (MNi), condensed chromatin, karyorrhexis, pyknosis, binucleate cells, karyolysis, lobed nuclei, and apoptosis. No significant differences were found for the presence of MNi between the schoolchildren from the exposed and unexposed schools, but the prevalence of OCs in both schools was over 50%, as well as the frequencies of MNi in the children were over 58%. Read More

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October 2020

Teaching Basic Life Support to schoolchildren: quasi-experimental study.

Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 2020 22;28:e3340. Epub 2020 Sep 22.

Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Faculdade de Enfermagem, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil.

Objective: to evaluate the knowledge of basic education students before and after educational intervention on Basic Life Support in a situation of adult cardiorespiratory arrest.

Method: quasi-experimental study conducted with 335 students from three elementary schools. Data was collected using an instrument that captured sociodemographic data and knowledge about Basic Life Support. Read More

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October 2020