35 results match your criteria elaboration strongest


The role of self-efficacy and information processing in weight loss during an mHealth behavioral intervention.

Digit Health 2020 Jan-Dec;6:2055207620976755. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Holcombe Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, USA.

Self-efficacy (SE) and information processing (IP) may be important constructs to target when designing mHealth interventions for weight loss. The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between SE and IP with weight loss at six-months as part of the Dietary Interventions Examining Tracking with mobile study, a six-month randomized trial with content delivered remotely via twice-weekly podcasts. Participants were randomized to self-monitor their diet with either a mobile app (n = 42) or wearable Bite Counter device (n = 39). Read More

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November 2020

The psychology of professional and student actors: Creativity, personality, and motivation.

PLoS One 2020 22;15(10):e0240728. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

Department of Research Methods and Information Science, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado, United States of America.

As a profession, acting is marked by a high-level of economic and social riskiness concomitantly with the possibility for artistic satisfaction and/or public admiration. Current understanding of the psychological attributes that distinguish professional actors is incomplete. Here, we compare samples of professional actors (n = 104), undergraduate student actors (n = 100), and non-acting adults (n = 92) on 26 psychological dimensions and use machine-learning methods to classify participants based on these attributes. Read More

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December 2020

Coevolution of cognitive abilities and identity signals in individual recognition systems.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2020 07 18;375(1802):20190467. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.

Social interactions are mediated by recognition systems, meaning that the cognitive abilities or phenotypic diversity that facilitate recognition may be common targets of social selection. Recognition occurs when a receiver compares the phenotypes produced by a sender with a template. Coevolution between sender and receiver traits has been empirically reported in multiple species and sensory modalities, though the dynamics and relative exaggeration of traits from senders versus receivers have received little attention. Read More

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Prevalence and Risk Factors of Falls in Adults 1 Year After Total Hip Arthroplasty for Osteoarthritis: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2020 09;99(9):853-857

From the School of Physical Therapy, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada (SWH); Faculty of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada (PB); and Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Department of Surgery, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada (LS, JH, EMV, BL).

Total hip arthroplasty is very successful in alleviating the pain from osteoarthritis. However, deficits in lower limb strength, gait, and balance after surgery has identified this group at risk of falls. Considering the high number of people annually receiving a total hip arthroplasty, further elaboration of factors associated with falls is needed to refine fall prevention guidelines. Read More

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September 2020

Transrectal Doppler Sonography of Benign Prostatic Enlargement in Nigerian Men.

J Med Ultrasound 2019 Oct-Dec;27(4):169-176. Epub 2019 May 13.

Department of Radiology, Obafemi Awolowo University/Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

Background: Transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) is the best route for examining the prostate gland because of transducer proximity, elaboration of zonal anatomical details, and Doppler assessment of prostatic arteries' hemodynamics.

Materials And Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 300 men with benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) and 300 healthy age-matched controls. The resistive index (RI) of the left capsular, right capsular and urethral arteries were assessed by TRUS and correlated with these parameters: maximum urine flow rate (), total prostatic volume (TPV), transitional zone volume (TZV), transitional zone index (TZI), presumed circle area ratio, and the International Prostatic Symptoms Score (IPSS). Read More

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Human brain arousal in the resting state: a genome-wide association study.

Mol Psychiatry 2019 11 27;24(11):1599-1609. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

LIFE - Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Arousal affects cognition, emotion, and behavior and has been implicated in the etiology of psychiatric disorders. Although environmental conditions substantially contribute to the level of arousal, stable interindividual characteristics are well-established and a genetic basis has been suggested. Here we investigated the molecular genetics of brain arousal in the resting state by conducting a genome-wide association study (GWAS). Read More

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November 2019

Nanoparticulate Tubular Immunostimulating Complexes: Novel Formulation of Effective Adjuvants and Antigen Delivery Systems.

Biomed Res Int 2017 20;2017:4389525. Epub 2017 Jul 20.

Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Biotechnology, Far Eastern Federal University, Sukhanova St. 8, Vladivostok 690091, Russia.

New generation vaccines, based on isolated antigens, are safer than traditional ones, comprising the whole pathogen. However, major part of purified antigens has weak immunogenicity. Therefore, elaboration of new adjuvants, more effective and safe, is an urgent problem of vaccinology. Read More

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A specific immune and lymphatic profile characterizes the pre-metastatic state of the sentinel lymph node in patients with early cervical cancer.

Oncoimmunology 2017;6(2):e1265718. Epub 2017 Feb 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, CHU of Liège , Liège, Belgium.

The lymph node (LN) pre-metastatic niche is faintly characterized in lymphophilic human neoplasia, although LN metastasis is considered as the strongest prognostic marker of patient survival. Due to its specific dissemination through a complex bilateral pelvic lymphatic system, early cervical cancer is a relevant candidate for investigating the early nodal metastatic process. In the present study, we analyzed in-depth both the lymphatic vasculature and the immune climate of pre-metastatic sentinel LN (SLN), in 48 cases of FIGO stage IB1 cervical neoplasms. Read More

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February 2017

Conspicuous plumage colours are highly variable.

Proc Biol Sci 2017 01;284(1847)

School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, 3800, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Elaborate ornamental traits are often under directional selection for greater elaboration, which in theory should deplete underlying genetic variation. Despite this, many ornamental traits appear to remain highly variable and how this essential variation is maintained is a key question in evolutionary biology. One way to address this question is to compare differences in intraspecific variability across different types of traits to determine whether high levels of variation are associated with specific trait characteristics. Read More

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January 2017

Dental and Chronological Ages as Determinants of Peak Growth Period and Its Relationship with Dental Calcification Stages.

Open Dent J 2016 8;10:99-108. Epub 2016 Apr 8.

Department of Orthodontics, Dental School, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University; Research Area in Dentofacial Orthopedics, Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Department of Dentistry, IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy.

Purpose: To investigate the relationship between dental, chronological, and cervical vertebral maturation growth in the peak growth period, as well as to study the association between the dental calcification phases and the skeletal maturity stages during the same growth period.

Methods: Subjects were selected from orthodontic pre-treatment cohorts consisting of 420 subjects where 255 were identified and enrolled into the study, comprising 145 girls and 110 boys. The lateral cephalometric and panoramic radiographs were examined from the archives of the Department of Orthodontics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. Read More

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[Brief measure to assess patient perception of self-influence on the disease course-version for hemodialysis].

Przegl Lek 2016 ;73(1):20-4

Introduction: Self-influence on the disease course has a significant impact on coping with disease and adherence to medical recommendations.

Aim: Elaboration of a brief scale for screening of patient perception of self-influence on the course of disease among hemodialysis, which could be used during usual medical practice.

Methods: In the first stage of the study, based on a group focus interview with 6 hemodialysis (mean age 65. Read More

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Transcontinental latitudinal variation in song performance and complexity in house wrens (Troglodytes aedon).

Proc Biol Sci 2016 Feb;283(1824)

Behaviour and Evolution Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada T1K 3M4 Department of Biology, University of New Brunswick, PO Box 4400, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada E3B 5A3

There is growing interest in latitudinal effects on animal behaviour and life history. One recent focus is on birdsong, which is hypothesized to be more elaborated or complex in the north temperate zone compared with the tropics. Current evidence is mixed and based on cross-species comparisons, or single species with restricted distributions. Read More

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February 2016

Neural coding of image structure and contrast polarity of Cartesian, hyperbolic, and polar gratings in the primary and secondary visual cortex of the tree shrew.

J Neurophysiol 2016 Apr 3;115(4):2000-13. Epub 2016 Feb 3.

Visual Cognition Laboratory, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland

We comprehensively characterize spiking and visual evoked potential (VEP) activity in tree shrew V1 and V2 using Cartesian, hyperbolic, and polar gratings. Neural selectivity to structure of Cartesian gratings was higher than other grating classes in both visual areas. From V1 to V2, structure selectivity of spiking activity increased, whereas corresponding VEP values tended to decrease, suggesting that single-neuron coding of Cartesian grating attributes improved while the cortical columnar organization of these neurons became less precise from V1 to V2. Read More

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Discriminant validity of constructs derived from the self-regulative model for evaluation anxiety for predicting clinical manifestations of test anxiety.

Behav Res Ther 2015 Oct 29;73:52-7. Epub 2015 Jul 29.

Department of Biological and Clinical Psychology, University of Greifswald, Franz-Mehring-Str. 47, 17487 Greifswald, Germany. Electronic address:

Test anxiety is a highly prevalent and impairing syndrome. However, research on clinically relevant manifestations of test anxiety and especially on effective treatment components is still very sparse. In the present study we examined the predictive validity of constructs derived from the self-regulative model for evaluation anxiety proposed by Zeidner and Matthews (2007) for discriminating clinical and non-clinical levels of test anxiety. Read More

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October 2015

Child Modifiability as a Predictor of Language Abilities in Deaf Children Who Use American Sign Language.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2015 Aug;24(3):374-85

Purpose: This research explored the use of dynamic assessment (DA) for language-learning abilities in signing deaf children from deaf and hearing families.

Method: Thirty-seven deaf children, aged 6 to 11 years, were identified as either stronger (n = 26) or weaker (n = 11) language learners according to teacher or speech-language pathologist report. All children received 2 scripted, mediated learning experience sessions targeting vocabulary knowledge—specifically, the use of semantic categories that were carried out in American Sign Language. Read More

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Effects on channel properties and induction of cell death induced by c-terminal truncations of pannexin1 depend on domain length.

J Membr Biol 2015 Apr 8;248(2):285-94. Epub 2015 Jan 8.

Department of Neuroanatomy and Molecular Brain Research, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44780, Bochum, Germany.

Pannexin1 (Panx1) is an integral membrane protein and known to form multifunctional hexameric channels. Recently, Panx1 was identified to be responsible for the release of ATP and UTP from apoptotic cells after site-specific proteolysis by caspases 3/7. Cleavage at the carboxy-terminal (CT) position aa 376-379 irreversibly opens human Panx1 channels and leads to the release of the respective nucleotides resulting in recruitment of macrophages and in subsequent activation of the immunologic response. Read More

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[Comparative investigation of locust's phototactic visual spectrum effect and phototactic response to spectral illumination].

Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi 2014 Jul;34(7):1943-7

To provide theoretical support for determining locust's phototactic spectrum, and explore locust's phototactic mechanism stimulated by light, utilizing AvaSpec fiber-optic spectrometer system and AvaLight-DHS, the investigation of locust's phototactic visual spectrum effect after light energy stimulated locust's vision system was carried out and on this basis, utilizing the investigated device of locust's phototactic response to spectral illumination, the discrepancy of locust's phototactic response to spectral illumination was certificated comparatively. The results show that the degree of locust's vision system absorbing the single spectrum photon of 430, 545 and 610 nm is significant and there exists difference, and the behavioral response to orange, violet, green, and blue spectral light has the difference in selective sensitivity, with the intensity of response to violet light being the strongest. The degree of response to orange light is the maximum, simultaneously, locust's vision system absorbing spectral photon energy has selective difference and requirement of illumination time, moreover, the sensitive degree of locust's visual system to spectrum and the strength of the lighting energy, influencing locust's phototactic response degree, and the micro-response of locust's phototactic vision physiology, led by the photoelectric effect of locust absorbing sensitive photon and converting photon energy, is the reason for locust's phototactic orientation response. Read More

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Utility of tris(4-bromopyridyl) europium complexes as versatile intermediates in the divergent synthesis of emissive chiral probes.

Dalton Trans 2014 Apr 21;43(15):5721-30. Epub 2014 Feb 21.

Department of Chemistry, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK.

The synthetic utility of europium complexes with three coordinated 4-bromopyridyl groups for chromophore elaboration has been assessed in palladium-catalysed Sonogashira coupling reactions, and in copper(i) mediated click reactions of the triazide derivative, generated in situ. The crystal structure of the Eu complex of a p-OMe-phenyl substituted triazole at 100 K is reported in which the pendant triazole sensitising moieties interdigitate in the solid-state lattice. The triazole complex can be separated into Δ and Λ enantiomers by chiral HPLC but is weakly emissive in methanol (ε 5. Read More

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Cellular and behavioral functions of fruitless isoforms in Drosophila courtship.

Curr Biol 2014 Feb 16;24(3):242-51. Epub 2014 Jan 16.

Research Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP), Dr. Bohr-Gasse 7, 1030 Vienna, Austria; Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 19700 Helix Drive, Ashburn, VA 20147, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Male-specific products of the fruitless (fru) gene control the development and function of neuronal circuits that underlie male-specific behaviors in Drosophila, including courtship. Alternative splicing generates at least three distinct Fru isoforms, each containing a different zinc-finger domain. Here, we examine the expression and function of each of these isoforms. Read More

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February 2014

The importance of campaign saliency as a predictor of attitude and behavior change: A pilot evaluation of social marketing campaign Fat Talk Free Week.

Health Commun 2014 20;29(10):984-95. Epub 2013 Dec 20.

a Department of Education , University of Vermont.

Fat Talk Free Week (FTFW), a social marketing campaign designed to decrease self-disparaging talk about body and weight, has not yet been evaluated. We conducted a theory-informed pilot evaluation of FTFW with two college samples using a pre- and posttest design. Aligned with the central tenets of the Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM), we investigated the importance of FTFW saliency as a predictor of fat talk behavior change. Read More

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September 2015

Evolution of the strongest vertebrate rightward action asymmetries: Marine mammal sidedness and human handedness.

Psychol Bull 2014 Mar 9;140(2):587-609. Epub 2013 Sep 9.

Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin.

Marine mammals and humans have the strongest manifestations of what is apparently a vertebrate-wide tendency toward a rightward action asymmetry associated with routine behavior. Marine mammal asymmetries usually involve whole-body actions associated with feeding. The human-like strength of these asymmetries may result from a problem of external aquatic support for the reactive component of the demanding lateral maneuvers of large marine mammals in daily pursuit of prey. Read More

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Psoriasis and other Th17-mediated skin diseases.

J UOEH 2010 Dec;32(4):317-28

Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan.

T helper (Th) 17 cells have crucial functions in host defense, and dysregulated Th17 responses mediate a variety of autoimmune and inflammatory conditions. Th17 cells coexpress interleukin (IL)-22, and its receptor is expressed on epidermal keratinocytes. IL-17 and IL-22 cooperatively enhance some immunological responses. Read More

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December 2010

Aromaticity balance, π-electron cooperativity and H-bonding properties in tautomerism of salicylideneaniline: the quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) approach.

J Mol Model 2011 Jun 5;17(6):1295-309. Epub 2010 Sep 5.

Department of Physics, Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, Turkey.

Topological analysis based on DFT calculations regarding proton transfer reaction in salicylideneaniline (SA) was performed to scrutinize possible changes in the intramolecular H-bond, π-electron delocalization and aromaticity levels of certain fragments. Quantum chemical calculations and natural bond orbital (NBO) analyses were carried out over a tautomeric ensemble whose members correspond to the molecules at different stages in tautomeric interconversion of SA. The elaboration of intramolecular hydrogen bonding in terms of the relevant topological parameters and the interpretation of certain dependencies regarding its strength were examined. Read More

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The Berlin tradition in Chicago: Franz Alexander and the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis.

Authors:
Erika S Schmidt

Psychoanal Hist 2010 ;12(1):69-83

Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis.

Freud considered Franz Alexander, the first graduate of the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute and an assistant in the Berlin Polyclinic, to be "one of our strongest hopes for the future." Alexander went on to become the first director of the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis in 1932 and modeled some of the Chicago Institute's mission on his Berlin experiences. He was also a researcher in psychosomatic medicine, a prolific writer about psychoanalysis and prominent in psychoanalytic organizations. Read More

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The role of V1 surround suppression in MT motion integration.

J Neurophysiol 2010 Jun 24;103(6):3123-38. Epub 2010 Mar 24.

McGill University, Montreal Neurological Institute, 3801 University St., Montreal, QC H3A 2B4, Canada.

Neurons in the primate extrastriate cortex are highly selective for complex stimulus features such as faces, objects, and motion patterns. One explanation for this selectivity is that neurons in these areas carry out sophisticated computations on the outputs of lower-level areas such as primary visual cortex (V1), where neuronal selectivity is often modeled in terms of linear spatiotemporal filters. However, it has long been known that such simple V1 models are incomplete because they fail to capture important nonlinearities that can substantially alter neuronal selectivity for specific stimulus features. Read More

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[Brief measure to assess perception of self-influence on the disease course. Version for schizophrenia].

Psychiatr Pol 2008 Jul-Aug;42(4):503-13

II Klinika Psychiatryczna WUM w Warszawie.

Aim: Elaboration of a brief scale for screening of perception of self-influence on the course of schizophrenia, which could be used during usual psychiatric examination.

Methods: Group focus interview of patients with favourable and unfavourable course of schizophrenia led do the formulation of the 57 items Likert's scale. The study of 403 persons with schizophrenia, assessed by their psychiatrists as having low or high perception of self-influence on the course of schizophrenia resulted in a choice of 5 items that had the strongest power of discrimination of those two groups of patients. Read More

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Demodulation in tissue, the relevant parameters and the implications for limiting exposure.

Authors:
Jiri Silny

Health Phys 2007 Jun;92(6):604-8

femu-Research Center for Bioelectromagnetic Interaction, University Hospital RWTH, Aachen University, 30 Pauwelsstrasse, Aachen, Germany.

In the biomedical literature there are a number of reports that speculate about possible effects in the body due to the demodulation of electromagnetic fields. However, only few interactions in amplitude-modulated or even pulse-modulated electromagnetic waves are fundamentally plausible and have been demonstrated to occur in humans. The following observations fall into this specific category: thermal effects of amplitude- or pulse-modulated microwaves; demodulation of amplitude- or pulse-modulated electromagnetic waves in cell membranes; and demodulation of amplitude- or pulse-modulated electromagnetic fields in the electronics of implants such as cardiac pacemakers or cardioverter defibrillators. Read More

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Functional anthology of intrinsic disorder. 3. Ligands, post-translational modifications, and diseases associated with intrinsically disordered proteins.

J Proteome Res 2007 May 29;6(5):1917-32. Epub 2007 Mar 29.

Center for Information Science and Technology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122, USA.

Currently, the understanding of the relationships between function, amino acid sequence, and protein structure continues to represent one of the major challenges of the modern protein science. As many as 50% of eukaryotic proteins are likely to contain functionally important long disordered regions. Many proteins are wholly disordered but still possess numerous biologically important functions. Read More

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[Expression of genes for orthopoxviral TNF-binding proteins and study resulted recombinant proteins].

Mol Biol (Mosk) 2005 Mar-Apr;39(2):245-54

Genes for TNF-binding proteins (CrmBs) of variola virus (VARV), monkeypox virus (MPXV) or cowpox (CPXV) were isolated with PCR from viral genomes and expressed within baculovirus DNAs in Sf21 insect cell line. Properties of resulted recombinant proteins were studied with physical-chemical and immunological methods. It was shown with solid phase enzyme-linked immunoassay that viral proteins inhibited hTNF binding with polyclonal hTNF-antibodies. Read More

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[Polish Multicenter Study on Diabetes Epidemiology (PMSDE)--1998-2000].

Authors:
Z Szybiński

Pol Arch Med Wewn 2001 Sep;106(3):751-8

Diabetes mellitus is a growing health problem at all ages in all countries. The Saint Vincent Declaration signed by the representatives of all European countries--among them by Poland--indicated the main goals to reduce this burden. This may be achieved by elaboration and initiation of the nation-wide programme for early detection and control of diabetes on the population level. Read More

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September 2001