1,402 results match your criteria eight-year period

Taking therapeutic apheresis services to patients in South Africa: An eight year review of SANBS mobile therapeutic apheresis service, 2013-2020.

Transfus Apher Sci 2021 May 21:103167. Epub 2021 May 21.

Sanquin Blood Supply, The Netherlands.

Introduction: A 20 year review of health and health care presents the multiple challenges faced by South Africans. Health and poverty is highlighted with 45% of population living on approximately US$ 2 per day and 10 million living on less than US$ 1 per day. Widening disparities in health care provision between public and private sector hospital services exist. Read More

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Study on the identification and evaluation of growth years for Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis using deep learning combined with 2DCOS.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2021 May 30;261:120033. Epub 2021 May 30.

Medicinal Plants Research Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Kunming 650200, China. Electronic address:

Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis, as perennial plants, its quality is closely related to growth period. Different harvest years determine the dry matter accumulation of its medicinal parts and the dynamic accumulation of active ingredients, as well as its economic value and medicinal value. Read More

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Risk-Reducing Mastectomy and Reconstruction Following Prophylactic Breast Irradiation: Hope Sustained.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 May 30;13(11). Epub 2021 May 30.

Faculty of Medicine, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91120, Israel.

Risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) is often advocated for BRCA1/2 mutation carriers who face a heightened lifetime risk of breast cancer. However, many carrier patients seek alternative risk-reducing measures. In a phase II nonrandomized trial, we previously reported that prophylactic irradiation to the contralateral breast among BRCA carriers undergoing breast-conserving treatment significantly reduced subsequent contralateral breast cancer. Read More

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Renal function in patients with intestinal failure receiving home parenteral support.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Progressive renal impairment, given by an annual decline in estimated glomerular filtrations rate (eGFR), has been described in patients with intestinal failure (IF) receiving home parenteral support (HPS). The objective of this study was to examine changes in eGFR over 5 years following initiation of HPS treatment and secondarily to identify potential risk factors for loss of renal function.

Method: This retrospective database study investigates changes of eGFR in non-malignant IF patients discharged with HPS from Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen in an eight-year period. Read More

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Increased Incidence of Stress-related Tic Habit Cough in Children During the Recent Greek Financial Crisis.

In Vivo 2021 May-Jun;35(3):1811-1820

University Research Institute of Maternal and Child Health & Precision Medicine, and UNESCO Chair on Adolescent Health Care, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Background/aim: Tic habit cough (THC) is not easily recognized and requires a high index of suspicion. Since there is evidence for stress-related etiology, the study presents our experience during the eight-year period of the recent Greek financial crisis.

Patients And Methods: This is a descriptive prospective cross-sectional clinical study using a consistent approach to diagnosis, possible triggers and treatment options. Read More

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February 2021

Changes in public knowledge and perceptions about antibiotic use and resistance in Jordan: a cross-sectional eight-year comparative study.

BMC Public Health 2021 04 19;21(1):750. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Faculty of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of Petra, Amman, Jordan.

Background: Resistance to antibiotics is a growing problem, worldwide and particularly in developing countries like Jordan. Raising public awareness on appropriate antibiotic use is crucial to combat this problem. The current study describes the change in public Knowledge and attitudes towards the use of antibiotics over a period of 8 years. Read More

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Chronic high risk of intimate partner violence against women in disadvantaged neighborhoods: An eight-year space-time analysis.

Prev Med 2021 Jul 20;148:106550. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Av. Blasco Ibáñez, 21, 46010, Valencia, Spain.

We conducted a small-area ecological longitudinal study to analyze neighborhood contextual influences on the spatio-temporal variations in intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) risk in a southern European city over an eight-year period. We used geocoded data of IPVAW cases with associated protection orders (n = 5867) in the city of Valencia, Spain (2011-2018). The city's 552 census block groups were used as the neighborhood units. Read More

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Inversion of T Waves on Admission is Associated with Mortality in Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 Jun 8;30(6):105776. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Neurosciences Intensive Care Unit, Department of Neurology, University of Chicago Medicine and Biological Sciences, Chicago, Illinois, USA; Section of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Medicine and Biological Sciences, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Cardiac dysfunction directly caused by spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a poorly understood phenomenon, and its impact on outcome is still uncertain. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between electrocardiographic (EKG) abnormalities and mortality in ICH.

Methods: This is a retrospective study analyzing EKG patterns on admission in patients admitted with ICH at a tertiary care center over an eight-year period. Read More

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Exploration of E. coli contamination drivers in private drinking water wells: An application of machine learning to a large, multivariable, geo-spatio-temporal dataset.

Water Res 2021 Jun 27;197:117089. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department of Civil Engineering, McMaster University, 1280 Main St. W, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4L8, Canada; Department of Geography and Planning and Global Institute for Water Security, University of Saskatchewan, 117 Science Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5C8, Canada.

Groundwater resources are under increasing threats from contamination and overuse, posing direct threats to human and environmental health. The purpose of this study is to better understand drivers of, and relationships between, well and aquifer characteristics, sampling frequencies, and microbiological contamination indicators (specifically E. coli) as a precursor for improving knowledge and tools to assess aquifer vulnerability and well contamination within Ontario, Canada. Read More

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Using algorithmic trading to analyze short term profitability of Bitcoin.

PeerJ Comput Sci 2021 3;7:e337. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Department of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Engineering & Technology Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin (BTC) have seen a surge in value in the recent past and appeared as a useful investment opportunity for traders. However, their short term profitability using algorithmic trading strategies remains unanswered. In this work, we focus on the short term profitability of BTC against the euro and the yen for an eight-year period using seven trading algorithms over trading periods of length 15 and 30 days. Read More

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February 2021

Pain in Multiple Sites and Clusters of Cause-Specific Work Disability Development among Midlife Municipal Employees.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 24;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, PO Box 18, 00032 Helsinki, Finland.

This study investigates to what extent pain in multiple sites and common risk factors related to work environment, occupational class and health behaviours are associated with cause-specific work disability (WD) development clusters. The study population was derived from the Finnish Helsinki Health Study (n = 2878). Sequence analysis created clusters of similar subsequent cause-specific WD development in an eight-year follow-up period. Read More

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Prevalence of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis in Dalian, China: A Retrospective Study.

Infect Drug Resist 2021 16;14:1037-1047. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

School of Public Health, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning, 116044, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is the cause of serious health and economic burdens worldwide. The present study aimed to explore the initial and acquired drug-resistance rates among TB patients from 2012 to 2019 in Dalian, China. The effectiveness of MDR-TB prevention and control strategies were then evaluated. Read More

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Epidemiology of pelvic and acetabular fractures in a tertiary hospital in Singapore.

Singapore Med J 2021 Mar 12. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University Hospital, National University Health System, Singapore.

Introduction: Pelvic and acetabular fractures (PAFs) usually result from high-energy, potentially life-threatening accidents. They are one of the major injuries that lead to death in patients involved in such accidents. We studied the recent epidemiology of these injuries in Singapore. Read More

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Risk of Nursing Home Use among Older Americans: The Impact of Psychiatric History and Trajectories of Cognitive Function.

J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2021 Mar 15. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Syracuse University.

Objective: Mental illness and cognitive functioning may be independently associated with nursing home use. We investigated the strength of the association between baseline (1998) psychiatric history, eight-year cognitive function trajectories, and prospective incidence of nursing home use over a ten-year period while accounting for relevant covariates in U.S. Read More

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Return to play rates after ulnar nerve transposition and decompression surgery: a retrospective analysis.

JSES Int 2021 Mar 9;5(2):296-301. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Rothman Orthopaedic Institute at the Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Medial elbow pain is a common complaint in overhead throwing athletes. The throwing motion places repetitive tensile and compressive forces on the elbow resulting in significant stress across the ulnohumeral joint. This stress can result in soft-tissue, ligamentous, and ulnar nerve injury. Read More

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Longitudinal participation in delivery and payment reform programs among US Primary Care Organizations.

Health Serv Res 2021 Feb 28. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Objective: To assess longitudinal primary care organization participation patterns in large-scale reform programs and identify organizational characteristics associated with multiprogram participation.

Data Sources: Secondary data analysis of national program participation data over an eight-year period (2009-2016).

Study Design: We conducted a retrospective, observational study by creating a unique set of data linkages (including Medicare and Medicaid Meaningful Use and Medicare Shared Savings Program Accountable Care Organization (MSSP ACO) participation from CMS, Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) participation from the National Committee for Quality Assurance, and organizational characteristics) to measure longitudinal participation and identify what types of organizations participate in one or more of these reform programs. Read More

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February 2021

Does total hip arthroplasty have a higher risk of failure in patients who undergo lumbar spinal fusion?

Bone Joint J 2021 Mar;103-B(3):486-491

First Orthopaedic and Traumatologic Clinic, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy.

Aims: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients undergoing or having a prior lumbar spine fusion (LSF) have an increased risk of mechanical complications. The aim of this registry-based, retrospective comparative cohort study is to assess the longer term survival of THA in patients who have undergone a LSF during a 17-year period (2000 to 2017).

Methods: A registry-based population study was conducted on 679 patients who underwent both THA and LSF surgeries. Read More

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Trends and Patterns in Traditional Chinese Medicine Use Among Chinese Population in Late Adulthood: An Eight-Year Repeated Panel Survey.

Am J Chin Med 2021 20;49(2):269-283. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing 100191, P. R. China.

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), originated from China, is different from Western medicine in theory and practice. This study aimed to document the longitudinal trends and the patterns by demographical characteristics in the prevalence of TCM among the middle-aged and elderly Chinese population. This study used nationally representative longitudinal survey data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), covering approximately 20,000 individuals in each panel survey from 2011 to 2018. Read More

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February 2021

Past eight-year malaria data in Gedeo zone, southern Ethiopia: trend, reporting-quality, spatiotemporal distribution, and association with socio-demographic and meteorological variables.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jan 21;21(1):91. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Department of Microbial, Cellular and Molecular Biology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Informed decision making is underlined by all tiers in the health system. Poor data record system coupled with under- (over)-reporting of malaria cases affects the country's malaria elimination activities. Thus, malaria data at health facilities and health offices are important particularly to monitor and evaluate the elimination progresses. Read More

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January 2021

[An analysis of the long-term stroke morbidity and mortality in the regions of the Russian Federation included in the Federal patient assistance reorganization program].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2020 ;120(12. Vyp. 2):37-41

Astrakhan State Medical University, Astrakhan, Russia.

Objective: To analyze the average long-term incidence of stroke and mortality in the regions of Russia in the territories included in the Federal program for the reorganization of care for stroke patients from 2009 to 2016.

Material And Methods: The study is based on data from the territorial population register for an eight-year period for seven territories in the regions of Russia included in the Federal program for the reorganization of care for stroke patients. The study included the following territories: Stavropol krai, the Republic of Bashkortostan, Sverdlovsk region, Irkutsk region, Sakhalin region, and the Republic of Tatarstan. Read More

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January 2021

Epidemiology of Invasive Escherichia coli Infection and Antibiotic Resistance Status among Patients Treated in U.S. Hospitals: 2009-2016.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 Jan 9. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Vaccine Clinical Research and Development, Pfizer Inc, U.K.

Background: Published data is limited on the prevalence and risk of recurrence of extraintestinal invasive E. coli infections (IEIs) in the United States.

Methods: All inpatient and hospital-based outpatient visits occurring between 2009-2016 at hospitals with continuous microbiology data submission to the Premier Healthcare Database for 90 days prior to the admission/visit and 12 months following it were included in analysis. Read More

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January 2021

Social group memberships, physical activity, and physical health following retirement: A six-year follow-up from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.

Br J Health Psychol 2021 05 5;26(2):505-524. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Objectives: To investigate whether belonging to more social groups supports people to be physically active following retirement and confers physical health benefits as a result.

Design: A longitudinal design was used, drawing on data spanning an eight-year period from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.

Methods: In a population sample of retirees (N = 243), mediation models were used to examine relationships between number of post-retirement group memberships, subsequent post-retirement physical activity, and subsequent physical health. Read More

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spp. in wild boar () populations in Croatia during an eight-year study (2010-2017).

One Health 2020 Dec 29;11:100172. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Croatian Veterinary Institute, Veterinary Department Vinkovci, J. Kozarca 24, 32100 Vinkovci, Croatia.

Wild animals represent a constant source of spp. infections for domestic animals and humans. To date, four species of have been isolated in wild boar populations in Europe: , , and , in addition to several mixed infection types and one hybrid formation between and . Read More

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December 2020

Pregnancy Among HIV-Serodiscordant Couples: Case Report of Vertical Transmission and Retrospective Case Series.

Curr HIV Res 2021 ;19(3):269-276

Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Background: HIV transmission during pregnancy and breastfeeding among serodiscordant heterosexual couples represents an ongoing barrier to the elimination of vertical transmission of HIV-1 infection in Canada.

Objective: To report a case of vertical HIV transmission during breastfeeding and examine the prevalence of risk factors for HIV transmission in the pregnancy and postpartum periods among serodiscordant couples where the male partner is HIV positive and female partner HIV negative.

Methods: Case report and retrospective chart review of HIV-serodiscordant pregnant couples over an eight-year period in Edmonton, Canada. Read More

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January 2021

Expression of oestrogen-α receptor in papillary thyroid carcinoma and its association with metastasis.

Malays J Pathol 2020 Dec;42(3):415-422

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pathology, kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Introduction: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the ninth most common malignancy among women. Although the disease prognosis is good, less favourable outcomes are predicted in those with higher disease stages and nodal metastasis. Oestrogen- α (ER-α) expression has been associated with aggressive presentation and greater disease progression and has been proposed as a predictor for lymph node metastases. Read More

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December 2020

Management and long-term outcome of type II acute odontoid fractures: a population-based consecutive series of 282 patients.

Spine J 2021 Apr 17;21(4):627-637. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Department of Neurosurgery, Oslo University Hospital, Postboks 4956 Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, Norway.

Background Context: The surgical fixation rate of type II odontoid fracture (OFx) in the elderly (≥65 years) is much lower than expected if the treatment adheres to current general treatment recommendations. Outcome data after conservative treatment for elderly patients with these fractures are sparse.

Purpose: The main aim of this study was to determine the long-term outcome after conservative and surgical treatments of type II OFx (all age-groups) to evaluate whether nonoperative treatment yields an acceptable outcome. Read More

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Evaluation of the Serological Point-of-Care Testing of Infectious Mononucleosis by Data of External Quality Control Samples.

Microbiol Insights 2020 3;13:1178636120977481. Epub 2020 Dec 3.

Expert Microbiology Unit, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Helsinki, Finland.

Timely and reliable laboratory diagnostics is a necessity for patient safety and good patient management. Success in external quality assessment (EQA) reflects on the everyday work in a clinical laboratory. This study evaluated the reliability of serological point-of-care (POC) testing for the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) that causes infectious mononucleosis (IM). Read More

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December 2020

Cesarean delivery and early childhood diseases in Bangladesh: An analysis of Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS).

PLoS One 2020 3;15(12):e0242864. Epub 2020 Dec 3.

Department of Statistics, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh.

Introduction: The rate of cesarean delivery (C-section) has been increasing worldwide, including Bangladesh, and it has a negative impact on the mother and child's health. Our aim was to examine the association between C-section and childhood diseases and to identify the key factors associated with childhood diseases.

Methods: We used four nationally representative data sets from multiple indicator cluster survey (MICS, 2012 and 2019) and Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS, 2011and 2014) and analyzed 25,270 mother-child pairs. Read More

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January 2021

An alarming rise in the prevalence of deaths with methamphetamine involved in Tehran, Iran 2011-2018.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2021 Jun 25;17(2):208-215. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Forensic Toxicology Department, Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran.

Methamphetamine is one of the most commonly abused illicit drugs in Iran. Despite this fact, there has been relatively little research on methamphetamine-associated deaths in Iran. The present study aimed to investigate the cause of death in methamphetamine positive cases based on forensic toxicology findings In this data base descriptive study, individuals with methamphetamine-associated deaths that were referred to the Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran (2011-2018) were assessed. Read More

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