121,495 results match your criteria educational level

Fagerstrom score predicts smoking status six months after hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction: a prospective study.

Hellenic J Cardiol 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Emergency Medicine Department, Attikon University Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Background: Fagerstrom score is a validated marker of nicotine addiction in smokers.

Methods: In a prospective study, we investigated a) the predictive value of Fagerstrom score for the smoking status in patients early after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and b) the effectiveness of medically-assisted smoking cessation programs in the prevention of relapsing to smoking post-discharge . In 103 smokers (58±12 years, 79. Read More

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Long-term exposure to ambient black carbon is associated with sleep disturbance in college students.

Sci Total Environ 2022 May 20:156066. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, China; Department of Dermatology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China; National Engineering Research Center of Personalized Diagnostic and Therapeutic Technology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China. Electronic address:

Background: Evidence suggests an association of air pollution with sleep quality. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the effect of black carbon, a key component of ambient particulate matter, on sleep.

Objectives: To investigate the association of long-term exposure to black carbon and sleep quality in a group of college students. Read More

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Neighbourhood prevalence-to-notification ratios for adult bacteriologically-confirmed tuberculosis reveals hotspots of underdiagnosis in Blantyre, Malawi.

PLoS One 2022 23;17(5):e0268749. Epub 2022 May 23.

Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, Blantyre, Malawi.

Local information is needed to guide targeted interventions for respiratory infections such as tuberculosis (TB). Case notification rates (CNRs) are readily available, but systematically underestimate true disease burden in neighbourhoods with high diagnostic access barriers. We explored a novel approach, adjusting CNRs for under-notification (P:N ratio) using neighbourhood-level predictors of TB prevalence-to-notification ratios. Read More

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Knowledge, attitude and practice towards COVID-19 among secondary school students in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2022 23;17(5):e0268084. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Hematology and Immunohematology, School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: In Ethiopia, an array of measures have been adopted to control the rapid spread of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Such control measures could significantly influence the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19 in the general population. However, still, there is scarce information regarding the KAP of students towards the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Ignoring race and denying racism: A meta-analysis of the associations between colorblind racial ideology, anti-Blackness, and other variables antithetical to racial justice.

J Couns Psychol 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences.

One critical role counseling psychologists can play in dismantling anti-Blackness and eradicating systemic racism is to build on the field's strength in understanding individual-level processes (i.e., systems are created and maintained by individual actors). Read More

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Interaction Between Altered Gut Microbiota and Sepsis: A Hypothesis or an Authentic Fact?

J Intensive Care Med 2022 May 22:8850666221102796. Epub 2022 May 22.

Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, 48432Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Sepsis, as an important public health concern, is one of the leading causes of death in hospitals around the world, accounting for 25% of all deaths. Nowadays, several factors contribute to the development of sepsis. The role of the gut microbiota and the response state of the aberrant immune system is dominant. Read More

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Multilevel analysis of factors associated with utilization of institutional delivery in Ethiopia.

Womens Health (Lond) 2022 Jan-Dec;18:17455057221099505

Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Science, Mizan-Tepi University, Tepi, Ethiopia.

Background: The maternal mortality rate in poor nations remains unacceptably high. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with institutional delivery usage.

Methods: The data came from the Ethiopian mini demographic and health survey, which was conducted in 2019. Read More

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Emergent math difficulties among English learners: can the odds be reduced?

Child Neuropsychol 2022 May 22:1-29. Epub 2022 May 22.

Special education, University of Texas-Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

Solving word problems in mathematics presents difficulties for many English learners (ELs), including those who use Spanish as a home language. In the early stage of learning to solve mathematics word problems, some children, including ELs, experience difficulties. By English status, EL refers to those children whose home language was Spanish while in the process of developing English at school. Read More

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Accuracy comparison between statistical and computational classifiers applied for predicting student performance in online higher education.

Educ Inf Technol (Dordr) 2022 May 17:1-26. Epub 2022 May 17.

Sistema de Universidad Virtual, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico.

Educational institutions abruptly implemented online higher education to cope with sanitary distance restrictions in 2020, causing an increment in student failure. This negative impact attracts the analyses of online higher education as a critical issue for educational systems. The early identification of students at risk is a strategy to cope with this issue by predicting their performance. Read More

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Teachers' perceptions of using virtual reality technology in classrooms: A large-scale survey.

Educ Inf Technol (Dordr) 2022 May 18:1-23. Epub 2022 May 18.

Western Sydney University, Building K, Level/1 Second Ave, NSW 2747 Kingswood, Sydney Australia.

High-immersion virtual reality (VR) technology is often associated with gaming. Yet, it is increasingly popular in educational contexts due to its potential to engage and motivate learners. Prior to VR technology integration in the classroom, the acceptance or resistance toward VR needs to be explored. Read More

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Validation of Gender Friendly Breastfeeding Knowledge scale among young adults.

J Prev Med Hyg 2021 Dec 31;62(4):E892-E903. Epub 2022 Jan 31.

Professor and Head, Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Introduction: Breastfeeding is the most effective intervention to improve child health. Young adults, both genders play an important role in society supporting breastfeeding as they will be stepping towards parenthood in the near future. Bringing awareness and busting the myths among them is essential. Read More

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December 2021

Influencing factors of Chinese special education teacher turnover intention: understanding the roles of subject well-being, social support, and work engagement.

Int J Dev Disabil 2022 16;68(3):342-353. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Institute of Special Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.

 Turnover intentions are peoples' plans of turnover action, representing their expressed motivation to perform the turnover behavior, which may be the best predictor of turnover. The study aimed to investigate the level of turnover intentions of special education teachers in mainland China as well as exploring the factors that influenced their turnover intention. A total of 496 Chinese special education teachers participated in the current study. Read More

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Family quality of life: perceptions of parents of children with developmental disabilities in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Int J Dev Disabil 2022 23;68(3):274-280. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Faculty of Special Education and Rehabilitation, University of Tuzla, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The goal of the present study was to assess the family quality of life (FQOL) in families with children with developmental disabilities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. We examined the FQOL in relation to parents' demographic variables (gender, age, employment status), children's gender and age, type of children's disability (mild and moderate intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder) and parent's depression, anxiety, and stress levels. The sample consisted of 270 parents of children with disabilities; 90 parents of children with autism spectrum disorder, 90 parents of children with mild intellectual disability, and 90 parents of children with moderate intellectual disability. Read More

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Post-Bariatric Surgery Patients: A Quality of Life Assessment in Saudi Arabia.

Cureus 2022 Apr 19;14(4):e24273. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Family Medicine, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, SAU.

Background Bariatric surgery has emerged as the most successful and long-lasting treatment for weight loss because of its effect on losing weight, diminution or elimination of sedentary lifestyle-related comorbidities, and a concomitant decrease in mortality and healthcare expenditures. Understanding its effects on the quality of life of patients is a crucial aspect of treatment. This study aims to assess the quality of life and its associated factors following bariatric surgery in Saudi Arabia. Read More

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Assessment of Preservice Music Teachers' Multicultural Personality: Multicultural Music Education Perspective.

Front Psychol 2022 6;13:726209. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Music, Faculty of Creative Arts, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

This study examines preservice music teachers' multicultural personality level and characteristics in the context of multicultural music education in China, focusing on the factors that influence the teachers' multicultural personality traits. We surveyed 433 preservice music teachers who responded the Multicultural Personality Questionnaire-Short Form survey instrument. The results indicated that the multicultural personality level of preservice music teachers was intermediate, mainly due to a deficiency in the Flexibility and Emotional Stability dimensions, which are necessary for dealing with cultural differences in the face of unknown multicultural conditions. Read More

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What Is the Support for Conspiracy Beliefs About COVID-19 Vaccines in Latin America? A Prospective Exploratory Study in 13 Countries.

Front Psychol 2022 6;13:855713. Epub 2022 May 6.

Lone Star College-Conroe Center, Conroe, TX, United States.

Conspiracy theories about COVID-19 began to emerge immediately after the first news about the disease and threaten to prolong the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic by limiting people's willingness of receiving a life-saving vaccine. In this context, this study aimed to explore the variation of conspiracy beliefs regarding COVID-19 and the vaccine against it in 5779 people living in 13 Latin American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela) according to sociodemographic variables such as gender, age, educational level and source of information about COVID-19. The study was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic between September 15 and October 25, 2021. Read More

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Reflections on Reflection: Clarifying and Promoting Use in Experienced Coaches.

Front Psychol 2022 4;13:867720. Epub 2022 May 4.

Institute for Sport, PE and Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Background: We draw on the work of established scholars in the field of reflective practice who highlight its importance as a key cognitive skill for professionals to hold. While the substantive effect of engaging in reflective practice is emphasised in the literature, apparently coaches only spend a limited time learning about and engaging with it.

Objectives: This study was conducted in two parts: Part 1 examined coaches' knowledge of reflective practice and ascertained their perceived lack of value and use of reflective practice within their coaching. Read More

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E-Tools for Personalizing Learning During the Pandemic: Case Study of an Innovative Solution for Remote Teaching.

Front Psychol 2022 6;13:751316. Epub 2022 May 6.

Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania.

"Every child counts" has lost its value even from the political discourse of some societies during the pandemic, proving that the level of culture of inclusion is the true standard of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) commitment. Online education and therapy required rethinking the way we educate children with special needs and, implicitly, prepare them for life. We consider that the personalized approach of the therapeutic intervention was the main difficulty. Read More

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Determinants of maternal healthcare service utilisation among Indonesian mothers: A population-based study.

F1000Res 2021 8;10:1124. Epub 2021 Nov 8.

Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Medicine University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

In Indonesia, maternal health care services are widely available, aiming to improve health and survival among mothers. However, these services remain underutilised, and its determining factor was unknown. This study sought to identify determinant factors of maternal healthcare services utilisation among Indonesian mothers. Read More

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November 2021

Revisiting the 'physical activity paradox' in a Chinese context: Occupational physical activity and mortality in 142,302 urban working adults from the China Kadoorie Biobank study.

Lancet Reg Health West Pac 2022 Jun 17;23:100457. Epub 2022 May 17.

School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, Australia.

Background: Previous research suggests that while leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) is beneficial, occupational physical activity (OPA) may be detrimental to health, known as the 'physical activity paradox'. However, the current evidence is primarily based on data from Western countries. We examined the association of OPA with all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in working adults in urban China. Read More

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Does socioeconomic status impact the relationship between school absence and outcomes?

Aust Educ Res 2022 May 17:1-24. Epub 2022 May 17.

Health Economics, College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.

Absence from school, especially frequent or prolonged absence, is acknowledged as a potential factor in school dropout and suboptimal academic achievement. The issue of absence from school took on added significance in 2020 with the onset of the COVID-19 crisis, which resulted in schooling interruptions in several jurisdictions. However, there is little agreement in the literature on the exact relationship between absence and school outcomes as a function of socioeconomic status (SES). Read More

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Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Nursing Home Staff Regarding Physical Restraint in China: A Cross-Sectional Multicenter Study.

Front Public Health 2022 6;10:815964. Epub 2022 May 6.

School of Nursing, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

Background: Restraint is widely used in nursing homes to address safety concerns. However, many studies have shown that improper restraint can lead to many adverse outcomes. Nursing staff are the main practitioners of physical restraint in nursing homes and play an important role in restraint decision-making and management. Read More

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How you read affects what you gain: Individual differences in the functional organization of the reading system predict intervention gains in children with reading disabilities.

J Educ Psychol 2022 May 23;114(4):855-869. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Georgia State University.

There is now considerable evidence regarding the types of interventions that are effective at remediating reading disabilities on average. It is generally unclear, however, what predicts the magnitude of individual-level change following a given intervention. We examine new predictors of intervention gains that are theoretically grounded in computational models of reading and focus on individual differences in the functional organization of the reading system. Read More

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Preferences for Income Redistribution in Unequal Contexts: Changes in Latin America Between 2008 and 2018.

Front Sociol 2022 4;7:806458. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Sociology, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

In a developing and highly unequal region like Latin America, it is crucial to understand the determinants that affect people's support for redistribution of resources from the state. A series of theories focused on self-interest have continuously established a negative link between people's income and their support for the reduction of inequalities through redistribution. Despite this, the evidence is scarce and sometimes contradictory while its study in Latin America is almost non-existent. Read More

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Contributions of Socioeconomic, Demographic, and Behavioral Risk Factors to All-Cause Mortality Disparities by Psychological Distress in the United States: A Blinder-Oaxaca Decomposition Analysis of Longitudinal Data.

Int J MCH AIDS 2022 5;11(1):e533. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

The Center for Global Health and Health Policy, Global Health and Education Projects, Inc., Riverdale, MD 20738, United States.

Background: Previous research has shown a significant association between psychological distress (PD) and all-cause mortality. However, there is a dearth of studies quantifying the contributions of sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics to group differences in mortality. In this study, we identify factors of mortality differences by PD. Read More

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Effect of COVID-19 lockdown on Moroccan patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Bull Natl Res Cent 2022 16;46(1):142. Epub 2022 May 16.

Molecular Engineering, Valorization and Environment Team, Polydisciplinary Faculty of Taroudant, IBN ZOHR University, B.P. 271, 83 000 Taroudannt City, Morocco.

Background: The implementation of coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) lockdown has affected the daily practices of subjects with chronic diseases such as diabetes and caused negative impact on their lifestyle and habits such as physical activity, dietary habits and accessibility to medications. Diabetic people are considered the most vulnerable groups to COVID-19, and the lockdown measure has disturbed the diabetes self-management. In our study, we aimed to assess, for the first time at the regional level (Souss Massa Region), the COVID-19 lockdown impact on HbA1c levels in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Read More

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Attitudes of Primary School Teachers and Its Associated Factors Toward Students With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Debre Markos and Dejen Towns, Northwest Ethiopia.

Front Pediatr 2022 6;10:805440. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Although most instructors appear to understand visible disability, they appear to have a negative attitude toward children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), considering them to be lazy or purposefully disruptive. In Ethiopia, there is a scarcity of data on teachers' attitudes toward children with ADHD.

Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted. Read More

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Generalized anxiety disorder symptoms during COVID-19 pandemic in Jazan, Saudi Arabia.

Heliyon 2022 May 14:e09424. Epub 2022 May 14.

Health Services Research and Administration Department, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha City, Nebraska, USA.

The aim of this study was to measure anxiety levels and many co-factors that might influence the levels of anxiety during the COVID-19 outbreak in southern Saudi Arabia (KSA). A cross-sectional self-reporting survey was conducted to determine the level of general anxiety disorder (GAD) symptoms related to COVID-19 and quarantining. We selected a convenience sample of eligible participants who had been invited online through social media apps. Read More

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Organizational Silence among Hospital Nurses in China: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Biomed Res Int 2022 12;2022:9138644. Epub 2022 May 12.

First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China.

Objective: To analyze the factors that contribute to organizational silence among Chinese nurses.

Methods: A descriptive, comparative, and cross-sectional study was performed with the participation of 866 nurses from public hospitals in China. The data were collected using an online questionnaire that included sociodemographic information and a silence scale. Read More

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Limited Public Knowledge of Chronic Kidney Disease in a Resource-Limited Setting: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Gen Med 2022 16;15:4997-5003. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Rural Medicine, University of New England, Armidale, Australia.

Background: The general public's awareness and knowledge of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its risk factors remains low, which may contribute to the development of CKD and undiagnosed disease. Therefore, the current study aimed to assess public knowledge of CKD in the Ethiopian community using a validated tool.

Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Ethiopia's capital, Addis Ababa. Read More

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