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Submersed macrophyte restoration with artificial light-emitting diodes: A mesocosm experiment.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Dec 1;228:113044. Epub 2021 Dec 1.

Department of Bioscience and WATEC, Aarhus University, Vejlsøvej, Silkeborg, Denmark; Limnology Laboratory, Department of Biological Sciences, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey; Sino-Danish Centre for Education and Research (SDC), University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; Centre for Ecosystem Research and Implementation (EKOSAM), Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey; Institute of Marine Sciences, Middle East Technical University, Mersin, Turkey. Electronic address:

Urban lakes are important natural assets but are exposed to multiple stressors from human activities. Submersed macrophytes, a key plant group that helps to maintain clear-water conditions in lakes, tend to be scarce in urban lakes, particularly when they are eutrophic or hypertrophic, and their loss is linked, in part, to impaired underwater light climate. We tested if enhancing the underwater light conditions using light-emitting diodes (LEDs) could restore submersed macrophytes in urban lakes. Read More

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December 2021

Ambient ultraviolet B radiation induced valve behavioral acclimation of Pacific oyster which resulted from the different response strategies of smooth and striated adductor muscles.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Dec 1;228:113035. Epub 2021 Dec 1.

School of Agriculture, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, PR China. Electronic address:

Light not only conveys image-forming vision but also has an impact on various physiological functions. In particular, ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation has the closest relationship with living organisms. For Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas), alteration of valve behavior is one of the most important ways responding to ambient UVB. Read More

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December 2021

Imprints of COVID-19 lockdowns on total petroleum hydrocarbon levels in Asia's largest brackish water lagoon.

Mar Pollut Bull 2021 Dec 1;174:113137. Epub 2021 Dec 1.

Institute of Technical Education and Research, Department of Chemistry, Siksha'O'Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar 751030, India.

India successfully executed one of the strictest lockdowns in the world during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020, which provided unique opportunities to analyze the second-largest populous country's anthropogenic footprint on its natural systems. India's first Ramsar site and the world's second-largest brackish water system Chilika lagoon experienced a substantial decline (64%) in the total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPHC) level in water, which was attributed to the massive declines or, at times, an abrupt complete halt of motorized boat operations for fishing and tourism. Using the TPHC values during the lockdown period, our study recommends a TPHC baseline threshold of 2. Read More

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December 2021

Antibody mounting capability of 1D/2D carbonaceous nanomaterials toward rapid-specific detection of SARS-CoV-2.

Talanta 2021 Nov 29;239:123113. Epub 2021 Nov 29.

Member of Board of Trustees, Zand Institute of Higher Education, Shiraz, Iran.

Carbonaceous immunosensors are ideal nanoplatforms for developing rapid, precise, and ultra-specific diagnostic kits capable of early detection of viral infectious illnesses such as COVID-19. However, developing a proper carbonic immunosensor requires stepwise protocols to find optimum operating conditions to minimize drawbacks. Herein, for the first time and through a stepwise protocol, activation, and monoclonal IgG antibody mounting capability of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) at two diverse outer diameters (ODs), viz. Read More

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November 2021

Genome-wide identification and genetic characterization of the CaMYB family and its response to five types of heavy metal stress in hot pepper (Capsicum annuum cv. CM334).

Plant Physiol Biochem 2021 Nov 23;170:98-109. Epub 2021 Nov 23.

Guizhou Soil and Fertilizer General Station, Guiyang, 550001, PR China.

MYB proteins play a crucial role in plant growth and development and stress responses. In this study, 160 members of the MYB gene family from the pepper genome database were used to analyze gene structures, chromosome localization, collinearity, genetic affinity and expression in response to heavy metals. The results identified R2R3-MYB members and further phylogenetically classified them into 35 subgroups based on highly conserved gene structures and motifs. Read More

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November 2021

Disparate properties of afterdischarges elicited by electric cortical stimulation in MRI lesional epilepsy patients with different surgical outcomes.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2021 Nov 13;212:107034. Epub 2021 Nov 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Research Center for Refractory Epilepsy of Shaanxi Province, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an JiaoTong University, Xi'an 710061, China; Center of Brain Science, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710061, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the prognostic value of afterdischarges(ADs) on surgical outcome by comparing the disparate properties in epilepsy patients with different surgical outcomes METHODS: 27 lesional epilepsy patients were retrospectively analyzed. The brain region covered by subdural electrodes in each patient was dichotomized into the area of the brain lobe(s) where the MRI lesion is located (region ML) and other brain areas (region nML). The occurrence of ADs and ADs evolving into clinical seizure, ADs threshold and ADs duration in region ML and nML were compared between seizure-free (SF) and non-seizure-free (nSF) patients. Read More

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November 2021

Relationships of social support and attitudes towards death: A mediator role of depression in older patients on haemodialysis.

Nurs Open 2021 Dec 4. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Department of nursing, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Aim: To explore the mediating role of depression in older people receiving haemodialysis on social support and the attitude of participants towards death.

Design: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey.

Methods: Data were collected from older people undergoing dialysis (N = 209) at two regional hospitals in the north of Taiwan. Read More

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December 2021

Ectodysplasin pathogenic variants affecting the furin-cleavage site and unusual clinical features define X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia in India.

Am J Med Genet A 2021 Dec 4. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Laboratory of Molecular Oncology, Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, Hyderabad, India.

Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a rare genetic disorder caused by mutational inactivation of a developmental pathway responsible for generation of tissues of ectodermal origin. The X-linked form accounts for the majority of HED cases and is caused by Ectodysplasin (EDA) pathogenic variants. We performed a combined analysis of 29 X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (XLHED) families (including 12 from our previous studies). Read More

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December 2021

Factors affecting disclosure time of sexual abuse in children and adolescents.

Pediatr Int 2021 Dec 4. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Düzce University Faculty of Medicine, Düzce, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study is to determine the factors affecting early and delayed disclosure time of child sexual abuse (CSA). Early disclosure of CSA is considered to be crucial for child protection.

Methods: A total of 125 sexually abused children and adolescents, who had been evaluated by child adolescent psychiatry and forensic medicine specialists, were enrolled in this study. Read More

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December 2021

Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of coumarin analogs as novel LSD1 inhibitors.

Arch Pharm (Weinheim) 2021 Dec 4:e2100311. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Key Laboratory of Structure-Based Drug Design & Discovery of Ministry of Education, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, China.

The abnormal expression of lysine-specific histone demethylase 1 (LSD1) is associated with different cancer types, and it is increasingly recognized as a potential therapeutic target in oncology. Here, utilizing core hopping and conformational restriction strategies, we designed and synthesized a series of coumarin analogs that were shown to be potent LSD1 inhibitors in the enzyme assay. Furthermore, several potent compounds were selected to evaluate their antiproliferative activity on A549 cells and MGC-803 cells with high expression of LSD1. Read More

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December 2021

The miR156b-GmSPL9d module modulates nodulation by targeting multiple core nodulation genes in soybean.

New Phytol 2021 Dec 4. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

Symbiotic nodulation is initiated in the roots of legumes in response to low nitrogen and rhizobial signal molecules and is dynamically regulated by a complex regulatory network that coordinates rhizobial infection and nodule organogenesis. It has been shown that the miR156-SPL module mediates nodulation in legumes; however, conclusive evidence of how this module exerts its function during nodulation remains elusive. Here, we report that the miR156b-GmSPL9d module regulates symbiotic nodulation by targeting multiple key regulatory genes in the nodulation signalling pathway of soybean. Read More

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December 2021

Closing the Gap Between Theory and Practice: Conceptualisation of a School-Based Intervention to Improve the School Participation of Primary School Students on the Autism Spectrum and Their Typically Developing Peers.

J Autism Dev Disord 2021 Dec 4. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Primary and Allied Health Care, Monash University, Frankston, VIC, Australia.

Limited interventions exist that support student's school participation. This paper describes a theoretical model of school participation and the iterative process that led to the development of an intervention that aims to improve the school participation of students on the autism spectrum and their typically developing peers. Literature on autism, school participation and intervention research were integrated to develop a theoretical model. Read More

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December 2021

Introduction of ultrasound-based living anatomy into the medical curriculum: a survey on medical students' perceptions.

Ultrasound J 2021 Dec 4;13(1):47. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

School of Medicine, University of Nicosia, 21 Ilia Papakyriakou Street, 2414, Engomi, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Background: Traditional anatomy teaching methods are based on the models and cadaveric dissections, providing fixed views of the anatomical structures. However, in the last few years, the emerging concept of ultrasound-based teaching in anatomy has started to gain ground among medical curricula. This study aims to evaluate the integration of ultrasound as an adjunct tool to traditional anatomy teaching methods and explore students' perceptions of whether ultrasound-based teaching enhances their interest and knowledge of anatomy. Read More

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December 2021

The European Society of Head and Neck Radiology Mentoring Programme: development and feedback during the first phase of the initiative.

Insights Imaging 2021 Dec 4;12(1):177. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Diagnose Zentrum Urania, Imagingurania, Laurenzerberg 2, 1010, Wien, Austria.

There is increasing awareness of the benefits of formal mentorship programmes in radiology. In the context of the COVID 19 pandemic which impacted on education, professional engagement and networking within the wider radiological community, the European Society of Head and Neck Radiology (ESHNR) decided to develop a formal mentoring programme. The ESHNR mentoring initiative is novel in its scope, whereby European and international members of a subspecialty radiology society are matched into mentor-mentee pairings to disseminate good practice, knowledge and ideas. Read More

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December 2021

Small ruminants milk from Tunisian oasis: physicochemical characteristics, mineral contents, and microbiological quality.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Dec 4;54(1). Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Regional Public Health Laboratory of Tozeur, Ministry of Public Health, 2233, Bled El hadar, Tozeur, Tunisia.

Characteristics and quality aspects of milk from native ovine Queue Fine de l'Ouest (QFO) and the exotic D'man (DMN) breeds were investigated and compared with those of two subgroups of the local goat population Arbi and Serti. A total of 418 individual milk samples were collected from multiparous lactating animals reared in the continental oasis region of Tunisia. Samples were analyzed for physical parameters (pH, density, and acidity), chemical composition (dry matter, fat, protein, lactose, casein, ash, and casein/protein ratio), mineral concentrations (Ca, P, Na, K, and Ca/P) and microbiological features (total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (TMAB), total coliforms count (TCC), lactic acid bacteria (LAB), sulphite-reducing Clostridium (CSR), yeast and molds (Y/M), Staphylococcus aureus (S. Read More

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December 2021

Ionic liquid-based dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction followed by magnetic solid-phase extraction for determination of quinolones.

Mikrochim Acta 2021 Dec 4;189(1). Epub 2021 Dec 4.

School of Pharmacy, Shenyang Key Laboratory of Laboratory of Functional Drug Carrier Materials, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, 103 Wenhua Road Shenhe District, Shenyang, 110016, Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China.

An ionic liquid-based dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (IL-DLLME) combined with magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) was developed for extraction of quinolones (quinolones) from honey and milk prior to high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate was used as the extraction solvent and an effective adsorbent based on chitosan modified magnetic core-shell functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotube ([email protected]) nanoparticles was used to assist IL to adsorb quinolone residues in honey and milk samples. Extraction conditions were optimized through one-factor-at-a-time and response surface methodology using a Box-Behnken design. Read More

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December 2021

Physicians' Attitudes about Individuals with Intellectual Disability and Health Care Practices Toward Them: A Systematic Review.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Dec;33(Suppl 11):79-90

Department of Philosophy, Social Sciences and Education, University of Perugia, Piazza G. Ermini, 1, 06123 Perugia, Italy,

Background: Attitudes of physicians toward intellectual disability (ID) impact access and quality of the health care services provided to individuals with ID. Attitudes are conceptualized as composed of cognitive, affective, and behavioral dimensions. However, research on attitudes toward ID frequently neglects to define the underlying theoretical framework. Read More

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December 2021

The Right to Pleasure of People with Spinal Cord Injury and Their Partners.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Dec;33(Suppl 11):29-32

Department of Philosophy, Social & Human Sciences and Education, University of Perugia, Piazza G. Ermini 1, 06123 Perugia, Italy,

People with spinal cord injury (SCI) must battle cultural and personal attitudes and stereotypes that reduce sexuality to genitalia's physiological functions. These psychological and social restrictions stem from cultural and models of disability that emphasize phallocentric primacy and the sexual appeal of beautiful bodies when it comes to sexual pleasure. In this paper, we look at the attitudes and stereotypes, conveyed by the medical model of disability, which are based on two widespread and interconnected beliefs (myths): bodily perfection and asexuality. Read More

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December 2021

Sociodemographic and Clinical Factors That Influence Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Adolescents: a Cohort Study.

Community Dent Health 2021 Nov 24. Epub 2021 Nov 24.

Periodontology and Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Objective: To determine the sociodemographic and clinical factors that may influence oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) at ages 12 to 15.

Basic Research Design: Cohort study.

Participants: Cluster-randomized sample of Hong Kong 12-year-olds. Read More

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November 2021

Universal Design for Learning in Anatomy Education of Healthcare Students: A Scoping Review.

Anat Sci Educ 2021 Dec 4. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, School of Clinical Therapies, University College Cork, Ireland.

There are concerns among healthcare practitioners about poor anatomical knowledge among recent healthcare graduates. Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is a framework developed to enhance students' experience of learning and help students to become motivated learners. This scoping review identified whether UDL has been utilized in third level healthcare education and if so, whether it had been used to enhance student motivation to study anatomy. Read More

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December 2021

Study on the Structure-Activity Relationship Between Single-Atom, Cluster and Nanoparticle Catalysts in a Hierarchical Structure for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction.

Small 2021 Dec 4:e2105487. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Department of Chemistry, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Energy Materials for Electric Power and Key Laboratory of Energy Conversion and Storage Technologies (Ministry of Education), Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, 518055, China.

Literature reports have shown that in primary structures, single-atom catalysts exhibit better performance than cluster and nanoparticles due to their maximum atom utilization and the fine-tuning of the electronic structure of the active sites. Hierarchical structures have recently been extensively studied because of increased active sites and orderliness of channels significantly improves the catalytic performance compare to primary structures especially in nanoparticles, however, the different sized effect of catalysts research has not been reported. Herein, a unique hollow double-shell structure (a distinct cavity-containing) is used as a hierarchical model to study the possible difference between single atom, cluster, and nanoparticle and to establish the corresponding structure-activity relationship. Read More

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December 2021

Regulating Steric Hindrance in Redox-Active Porous Organic Frameworks Achieves Enhanced Sodium Storage Performance.

Small 2021 Dec 4:e2105927. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, 200237, China.

The development of novel redox-active polymers for sustainable sodium ion batteries (SIBs) has captured growing attention, but battery performance has been significantly limited by poor reversible specific capacities, where the majority of aromatic C6-benzene linkages are redox inactive. Here, a simple, yet efficient approach to improve sodium (Na) storage on these C6-benzene rings within a porous polymeric framework by rationally regulating their steric hindrance is reported. Decreasing intrinsic hindrance affords a significant improvement in redox reaction kinetics within the porous architecture, thereby facilitating the acceptance of Na ions on these functionalized benzene rings and boosting the SIB performance. Read More

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December 2021

Assessment of radiology baseline knowledge of freshman North American dental students prior to any formal instruction.

Eur J Dent Educ 2021 Dec 4. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Instructor of Oral Medicine, Department of Oral Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, Philadelphia.

Introduction: There is a wide variation in the knowledge related to oral radiology. This study aims to assess the prior knowledge of radiology among freshman dental students prior to beginning any formal dental school instruction.

Materials And Methods: 139 newly matriculated freshman dental students were asked to complete a seven-question radiology take home survey regarding their prior knowledge. Read More

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December 2021

Associations between early marriage and preterm delivery: Evidence from lowland Nepal.

Am J Hum Biol 2021 Dec 4:e23709. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Institute for Global Health (IGH), University College London (UCL), London, UK.

Objectives: Preterm delivery (<37 weeks gestation) is the largest cause of child mortality worldwide. Marriage and pregnancy during adolescence have been associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery. We investigate independent associations of age at marriage and age at first pregnancy with preterm delivery in a cohort of women from rural lowland Nepal. Read More

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December 2021

Variations in sustained home visiting care for mothers and children experiencing adversity.

Public Health Nurs 2021 Dec 3. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Western Sydney University, Translational Research and Social Innovation group, Ingham Institute for Applied Medical Research, Liverpool, NSW, Australia.

Objective: This study aimed to examine the variations in care received by mothers and families within a sustained home visiting program. We sought to identify the extent to which there were variations in home visiting care in response to the program schedule and families' risk factors.

Design And Sample: Data collected within the [email protected] program, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) for a sustained nurse home visiting intervention in Australia, were analyzed. Read More

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December 2021

Factors associated with recovery from homelessness among veterans in permanent supportive housing.

J Community Psychol 2021 Dec 4. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Desert Pacific Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, VA Greater Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Aims: We sought to identify person- and program-level factors distinguishing permanent supportive housing (PSH) residents with higher versus lower social integration; and higher versus lower instrumental functioning.

Methods: Among 60 PSH residents at Los Angeles' VA, surveys and medical records captured person-level factors. Using a median split, we dichotomized participants with higher versus lower social integration; and higher versus lower instrumental functioning. Read More

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December 2021

A survey study of endometrial receptivity tests and immunological treatments in in vitro fertilisation (IVF).

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 Dec 4. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Reproductive Services Unit, The Royal Women's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Suboptimal endometrial receptivity is a key factor behind in vitro fertilisation (IVF) implantation failure. Direct clinical tests of the endometrium of natural killer (NK) cells and endometrial receptivity analysis (ERA) are controversial.

Aims: To examine the current practice of endometrial receptivity tests (NK cells and ERA) and immunological treatments (corticosteroids, anticoagulants, antiplatelets, intravenous immunoglobulin, Intralipid, other) among fertility specialists in Australia and New Zealand. Read More

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December 2021

Concept analysis of longitudinal assessment for professional continued certification.

Nurs Forum 2021 Dec 4. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Department of Acute, Chronic and Continuing Care, University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Nursing, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.

Background: This concept analysis presents a scholarly epistemological approach to defining the attributes, empirical referents, antecedents, and consequences of a knowledge maintenance approach-known as longitudinal assessment-to professional certification.

Aim: The analysis reports on the efforts of the National Board of Certification and Recertification for Nurse Anesthetists to explore this educational method as an approach to meet requirements for continued professional certification.

Method: Using the classical approach to concept analysis, the authors explore the structure and function of longitudinal assessment and define the characteristics of the concept in a way that is meaningful to the continued certification of nursing and medical professionals. Read More

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December 2021

The efficacy and safety of azithromycin in treatment for childhood asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2021 Dec 4. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Department of Pharmacy, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China.

Background: Azithromycin (AZI) is increasingly used for childhood asthma despite limited and inconsistent data. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of AZI in childhood asthma.

Methods: We searched seven databases to include randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of AZI in the treatment for childhood asthma. Read More

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December 2021