535 results match your criteria ecps

Biomechanical analysis of wheelchair athletes with paraplegia during cross-training exercises.

J Spinal Cord Med 2021 Jun 8:1-16. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences & Technology, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA.

Context: Extreme conditioning programs (ECPs), such as CrossFit, are a relatively new method of fitness with rapid growth in individuals with paraplegia. However, it is unknown if wheelchair users are at an additional risk of musculoskeletal injury during these exercises. Biomechanical characterization is necessary to determine the safety and efficacy of ECPs as an exercise modality for wheelchair users with paraplegia. Read More

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COVID-19 and family planning service delivery: Findings from a survey of U.S. physicians.

Prev Med 2021 Jun 1;150:106664. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States of America.

Equitable access to contraception is critical for reproductive autonomy. Using cross-sectional data from the DocStyles survey administered September-October 2020 (68% response rate), we compared changes in family planning-related clinical services and healthcare delivery strategies before and during the COVID-19 pandemic and assessed service provision issues among 1063 U.S. Read More

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Coronavirus outbreak from early career psychiatrists' viewpoint: What we have learned so far.

Perspect Psychiatr Care 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Education and Research Department, São Pedro Psychiatric Hospital, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Purpose: Since the World Health Organization declared the coronavirus outbreak a global pandemic several million cases and more than three million deaths have been already confirmed worldwide due to COVID-19.

Design And Methods: Early Career Psychiatrists from all over the world present an overview of what happened in their own countries and what they have learned so far by this experience in everyday clinical practice.

Practice Implication: We tried to take a real time picture of this unexpected situation, drawing useful hints for now and the future. Read More

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Use of Compulsory Treatment by Early-Career Psychiatrists: An International Survey.

Psychiatr Serv 2021 May 25. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Psychiatry and Addictions, Saint Petersburg State University (Chumakov, Petrova) and Saint Petersburg Psychiatric Hospital No. 1, Saint Petersburg, Russia (Chumakov); Waikato Hospital, Waikato District Health Board, Hamilton, New Zealand (Vadivel); Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, University of Porto, and Hospital de Magalhaes Lemos, Porto, Portugal (Pinto da Costa); Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Mental Health Services Development, Queen Mary University of London, London (Pinto da Costa); Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London (Bhugra); Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy (Ventriglio).

Objective: The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD) has been broadly incorporated into national frameworks for compulsory psychiatric treatment. Recently, instructions issued by the UN CRPD Committee discouraged any involuntary treatment and detention of people with mental disabilities, which has sparked clinical, legal, and ethical debates. Early-career psychiatrists (ECPs) are often at the front line of decisions to involuntarily detain psychiatric patients; here, the authors surveyed ECPs to gain insight into their experiences with compulsory psychiatric treatment in clinical practice. Read More

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Over-the-counter access to levonorgestrel emergency contraception in South Texas: Does Over-the-counter mean ready to buy?

Contraception 2021 May 23. Epub 2021 May 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley School of Medicine, 2821 Michaelangelo Dr., Suite 400, Edinburg, TX, United States.

Objective: To determine the percentage of pharmacies in Hidalgo County, Texas, with unrestricted over-the-counter access to levonorgestrel emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs). Unrestricted over-the-counter access means product is available directly to consumer on store shelf, in-stock the day of data collection, and with no security barriers present (such as locked cabinet or individual locked product container), and to compare this access to that of other reproductive health items.

Study Design: We conducted in-person secret shopper surveys from October 2018 to March 2019, recording in-stock over-the-counter availability of levonorgestrel ECPs, security barriers, and price. Read More

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Downplaying the role of water in the rheological changes of conducting polymers by using water-in-salt electrolytes.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2021 Jun;23(21):12251-12259

Departamento de Química Fundamental, Instituto de Química, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes 748, 05508-000 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Volumetric changes associated with solvent/electrolyte exchange in electronic conducting polymers (ECPs) play an important role in the mechanical stability of the polymers, as these changes are a critical factor in ECP-based energy storage devices. Thus, the present work explores the hindering of such volumetric deformations for polypyrrole films doped with dodecylbenzenesulphonate (PPy(DBS)) by employing highly concentrated aqueous electrolytes (or water-in-salt electrolytes, WiSEs), and their effects over the corresponding electrochemical capacitor cell energy retention. Electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring measurements for thin PPy(DBS) films in the WiSEs revealed negligible dissipation changes (ΔDn ≈ 0), in contrast with those in dilute aqueous electrolyte (ΔDn ≠ 0), indicating inexpressive structural deformation of PPy(DBS) in the WiSE. Read More

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Supramolecular co-assembly of self-adjuvanting nanofibrious peptide hydrogel enhances cancer vaccination by activating MyD88-dependent NF-κB signaling pathway without inflammation.

Bioact Mater 2021 Nov 16;6(11):3924-3934. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Biomaterial Research, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin, 300192, China.

Peptide vaccine targeting tumor-specific antigens is a promising cancer treatment regimen. However, peptide vaccines are commonly low-immunogenic, leading to suboptimal antitumor T-cell responses. Current peptide vaccination approaches are challenged by the variability of peptide physicochemical characters and vaccine formulations, flexibility, and the broad feasibility. Read More

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November 2021

Future-proofing the primary care workforce: A qualitative study of home visits by emergency care practitioners in the UK.

Eur J Gen Pract 2021 Dec;27(1):68-76

Population Health Sciences Institute, Newcastle University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United Kingdom.

Background: Broadening the skill-mix in general practice is advocated to build resilience into the primary care workforce. However, there is little understanding of how extended-scope practitioners from different disciplines, such as paramedicine and nursing, embed into roles traditionally ascribed to general practitioners (GPs).

Objectives: This study sought to explore patients' and professionals' experiences of a primary care home visiting service delivered by emergency care practitioners (ECPs), in place of GPs; to determine positive impacts/unintended consequences and establish whether interdisciplinary working was achieved. Read More

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December 2021

Does a Recumbent Lateral Stability Trainer Improve Balance Scores Among Older Adults Within 4 Weeks?

Perm J 2021 May;25

College of Saint Mary, Omaha, NE.

Backgroud: Past literature has shown that balance and strength are important in preventing falls, but few studies have focused on developing strength and power in a lateral plane. The purpose of this study was to determine if a lateral pedal recumbent training device can improve balance scores among older adults in 4 weeks.

Methods: A 2-group experimental-control multivariate design (43 women, 13 men; age, 77. Read More

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The Predictive Value of Decisive and Soft Ultrasound Criteria for Ectopic Pregnancy Identification in 321 Preoperative Cases.

Ultraschall Med 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Gynecology, University Hospital Zürich, Switzerland.

Purpose:  To define the predictive value of morphological types (MTs) and further criteria in diagnosing ectopic pregnancy (ECP) by transvaginal sonography (TVS) prior to operative confirmation and treatment.

Materials And Methods:  Retrospective cohort analysis of 321 consecutive patients with suspected ECP who were advised to undergo operation.

Results:  ECP was investigated by TVS in all 321 patients. Read More

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Augmenting the electrochemical performance of NiMnO by doping of transition metal ions and compositing with rGO.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 Sep 8;598:409-418. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Electrochemical Power Sources (ECPS) Division, CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi 630003, Tamilnadu, India; Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad 201002, India. Electronic address:

The transition metal ions (TMIs) such as Co and Zn doped NiMnO (NMO)/rGO nanocomposite synthesized by facile sol-gel method was used for the fabrication of supercapacitor. The presence of metal ions in the nanocomposite was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and high resolution transmission electron microscope (HR-TEM) mapping techniques. The fabricated electrode showed high specific capacitance of 710 F/g which was 3-fold higher than NMO (254 F/g). Read More

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September 2021

A randomized control trial of a child abuse mandated reporter training: Knowledge and attitudes.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Jul 23;117:105033. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Pennsylvania State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, United States.

Background: Despite being well-positioned to identify maltreatment in the children that they provide care for and being legally required to report suspected child maltreatment, early childhood professionals (ECPs) make a limited proportion of reports to child protective services. It is critical to identify evidence-based interventions to improve the reporting practices of this group of mandated reporters allowing for the better protection of children from maltreatment.

Objective: The goal of the present study was to determine if iLookOut, an online child abuse identification and reporting training for ECPs, results in differential gains in knowledge and attitudes towards child abuse and its reporting among ECPs, as compared to an online standard training. Read More

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Men's knowledge, attitude, and barriers towards emergency contraception: A facility based cross-sectional study at King Saud University Medical City.

PLoS One 2021 26;16(4):e0249292. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, King Saud University Chair for Medical Education Research and Development, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Male partners have a considerable role in influencing women's contraceptive decision making to reduce the chance of unintended pregnancy. Most studies are focused on women's knowledge and barriers for emergency contraception (EC) use. There is limited research on this topic from the male perspective. Read More

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Choosing Plan B Over Plan A: Risk Compensation Theory and Contraceptive Choice in India.

Demography 2021 Feb;58(1):273-294

Agricultural and Consumer Economics Department, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA.

Can women's contraceptive method choice be better understood through risk compensation theory? This theory implies that people act with greater care when the perceived risk of an activity is higher and with less care when it is lower. We examine how increased over-the-counter access to emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) accompanied by marketing campaigns in India affected women's contraceptive method choices and incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Although ECPs substantially reduce the risk of pregnancy, they are less effective than other contraceptive methods and do not reduce the risk of STIs. Read More

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February 2021

Doctors', nurses' and clinical associates' understanding of emergency care practitioners.

Health SA 2021 11;26:1523. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Emergency Medical Care, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Healthcare professionals' understanding of the knowledge, skills and training of their counterparts from other disciplines cultivates appreciation and respect within the workplace. This, in turn, results in better teamwork and improved patient care. Emergency departments are places where emergency care practitioners (ECPs) engage with doctors, nurses and clinical associates. Read More

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BSSE-corrected consistent Gaussian basis sets of triple-zeta valence with polarization quality of the sixth period for solid-state calculations.

J Comput Chem 2021 Jun 31;42(15):1064-1072. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Mulliken Center for Theoretical Chemistry, Institut für Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Consistent basis sets of triple-zeta valence with polarization quality for the elements Cs-Po were derived for periodic quantum-chemical solid-state calculations. They are an extension of the pob-TZVP-rev2 [Vilela Oliveira, D.; Laun, J. Read More

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Antioxidant potential and optimization of production of extracellular polysaccharide by Acinetobacter indicus M6.

J Genet Eng Biotechnol 2021 Mar 12;19(1):39. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Biotechnology, Vikrama Simhapuri University, Kakutur, Nellore, A.P-524320, India.

Background: Extracellular polysaccharides (ECPs) produced by biofilm-producing marine bacterium have great applications in biotechnology, pharmaceutical, food engineering, bioremediation, and bio-hydrometallurgy industries. The ECP-producing strain was identified as Acinetobacter indicus M6 species by 16S rDNA analysis. The polymer produced by the isolate was quantified and purified and chemically analyzed, and antioxidant activities have been studied. Read More

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Light-Emitting Atomically Precise Nanocluster-Based Flexible QR Codes for Anticounterfeiting.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Mar 16;13(8):10583-10593. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Smart Materials Lab, Electrochemical Power Sources (ECPS) Division, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)-Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CECRI), Karaikudi 630003, Tamil Nadu, India.

Despite tremendous progress in the field of fluorescence-based anticounterfeiting, the advanced anticounterfeiting techniques are still posing challenges all over the world due to their cost and reliability. Recently, light-emitting atomically precise nanoclusters have emerged as attractive building blocks because of their well-defined structure, function, and stable photoluminescence. Herein, we report the room temperature fabrication of a stable, flexible, nontoxic, and low-cost precision nanocluster-based luminescent ink for the stencil printing of an optically unclonable security label. Read More

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Temporal organisation of the brain's intrinsic motor network: The relationship with circadian phenotype and motor performance.

Neuroimage 2021 05 9;232:117840. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Centre for Human Brain Health, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK.

Background: Functional connectivity (FC) of the motor network (MN) is often used to investigate how intrinsic properties of the brain are associated with motor abilities and performance. In addition, the MN is a key feature in clinical work to map the recovery after stroke and aid the understanding of neurodegenerative disorders. Time of day variation and individual differences in circadian timing, however, have not yet been considered collectively when looking at FC. Read More

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[SARS-CoV-2, influenza and norovirus infection : A direct epidemiologic comparison].

Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed 2021 Feb 9. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Zentrale Notaufnahme, Klinikum Fürth, Jakob-Henle-Str. 1, 90766, Fürth, Deutschland.

Background: Hospitalization rates (HR), emergency care prevalence (ECP) and case fatality proportions (CFP) of hospitalized severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) patients in one municipality have not been studied, including how these differ from other pandemic or seasonal viral diseases, such as influenza A/B or norovirus. These analyses and their comparison with negative-tested hospitalized patients are the purpose of the present study.

Methods: A total of 67,000 cases of hospitalized patients of a tertiary care hospital and data of the regional health institute were analyzed to calculate HR, ECP and CFP of SARS-CoV‑2, influenza A/B and norovirus genotype 1/2. Read More

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February 2021

The Role of Health Care Providers in Young Women's Attitudes about and Willingness to Use Emergency Contraceptive Pills.

Womens Health Issues 2021 May-Jun;31(3):286-293. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health, University of California, San Francisco, Oakland, California.

Background: Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are an underused resource among adolescent and young adult women who have unprotected sex. This analysis examines young women's attitudes about and willingness to use ECPs, with particular attention to their experiences with health care providers.

Methods: Sexually active young women (ages 15-25, assigned female at birth, N = 212) completed a self-administered survey at 10 family planning clinics in the San Francisco Bay Area. Read More

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February 2021

"It prevents a fertilized egg from attaching…and causes a miscarriage of the baby": A qualitative assessment of how people understand the mechanism of action of emergency contraceptive pills.

Contraception 2021 Jun 27;103(6):408-413. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Department of Applied Health Science, School of Public Health, Indiana University, Bloomington IN, United States.

Objective: The mechanism of action (MOA) of emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) is frequently mischaracterized. Our objective was to identify how members of the general public understand the mechanisms of ECPs.

Study Design: We recruited a convenience sample from social media for a survey about reproductive health attitudes and analyzed spontaneous descriptions of how ECPs work. Read More

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Self-Assembly of Precision Noble Metal Nanoclusters: Hierarchical Structural Complexity, Colloidal Superstructures, and Applications.

Small 2021 Jan 25:e2005718. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Smart Materials Lab, Electrochemical Power Sources (ECPS) Division, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)-Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CECRI), Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, 630003, India.

Ligand protected noble metal nanoparticles are excellent building blocks for colloidal self-assembly. Metal nanoparticle self-assembly offers routes for a wide range of multifunctional nanomaterials with enhanced optoelectronic properties. The emergence of atomically precise monolayer thiol-protected noble metal nanoclusters has overcome numerous challenges such as uncontrolled aggregation, polydispersity, and directionalities faced in plasmonic nanoparticle self-assemblies. Read More

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January 2021

Noninvasive real-time assessment of intracranial pressure after traumatic brain injury based on electromagnetic coupling phase sensing technology.

BMC Neurol 2021 Jan 18;21(1):26. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Southwest Hospital, Army Medical University, 29 Gaotanyan Street, Shapingba District, Chongqing, 400038, China.

Background: To investigate the feasibility of intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring after traumatic brain injury (TBI) by electromagnetic coupling phase sensing, we established a portable electromagnetic coupling phase shift (ECPS) test system and conducted a comparison with invasive ICP.

Methods: TBI rabbits' model were all synchronously monitored for 24 h by ECPS testing and invasive ICP. We investigated the abilities of the ECPS to detect targeted ICP by feature extraction and traditional classification decision algorithms. Read More

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January 2021

Variation in sag values in daily disposable, reusable and toric soft contact lenses.

Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2021 Jan 8:101386. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Pacific University College of Optometry, Forest Grove, OR, USA.

Purpose: While knowledge of the ocular surface sagittal height (OC-SAG) is increasing with newer instrumentation, understanding of soft lens sag values (CL-SAG) in daily clinical practice is limited. This study aimed to report the differences in CL-SAG of a large collection of daily disposable (DD), reusable (2-week and 4-week replacement) and toric lens designs.

Methods: 12 different spherical DD and 15 reusable lens types were analysed (labelled power -3. Read More

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January 2021

Factors influencing lithium versus valproate prescription preference in the maintenance treatment of bipolar patients: a report from the Italian Early Career Psychiatrists (SOPSI-GG).

Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract 2021 Mar 30;25(1):82-89. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Campania "L. Vanvitelli", Largo Madonna Delle Grazie, Naples, Italy.

Background: Objective of the present manuscript is to investigate, among Italian early career psychiatrists (ECPs), prescriber and patient-related factors associated with lithium or valproate preference to treat patients affected by Bipolar Disorder (BD).

Methods: An on-line survey was carried out among 252 ECPs, investigating their prescription patterns in relation to lithium and the differences with prescription of valproate. Collected data were compared according to lithium or valproate prescription preference in the long-term treatment of BD by tests for qualitative variables. Read More

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Improved Detonation Performance Via Coordination Substitution: Synthesis and Characterization of Two New Green Energetic Coordination Polymers.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Jan 29;13(1):563-569. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Key Laboratory of Synthetic & Natural Functional Molecule Chemistry of Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry & Materials Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China.

In this work, a new energetic coordination polymer (ECP), [Cu(HBTI)(HO)] () (HBTI = 4,5-bistetrazole-imidazole), was synthesized by a hydrothermal method. Due to the existence of coordination water molecules in , however, its energy density was limited, which led to the insufficient detonation performance. To further improve its detonation performance, [Cu(HBTI)(NO)] () was then obtained by substituting the coordinated water molecule in with nitrate through the coordination substitution reaction under acidic conditions. Read More

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January 2021

Caffeine Consumption and Behavioral Symptoms in Nursing Home Residents: A Cross-Sectional Analysis.

J Nutr Health Aging 2021 ;25(1):100-107

M.A. Kromhout (Michelle) MD, Leiden University Medical Centre, Department of Public health and Primary Care, V0-P, Postbus 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands,

Objective: Although behavioral changes are common in nursing home residents with dementia and caffeine is known to influence behavior in healthy adults, the effects of caffeine on the behavior of persons with dementia has received little attention. In this study we assessed the relationship of caffeine and behavioral symptoms in older persons with dementia.

Design: A multicenter sub-cohort study embedded in the Elderly Care Physicians (ECP) training program. Read More

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Nondestructive Prediction of the Buckling Load of Imperfect Shells.

Phys Rev Lett 2020 Nov;125(22):225504

Emergent Complexity in Physical Systems Laboratory (ECPS), École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.

From soda cans to space rockets, thin-walled cylindrical shells are abundant, offering exceptional load carrying capacity at relatively low weight. However, the actual load at which any shell buckles and collapses is very sensitive to imperceptible defects and cannot be predicted, which challenges the of such structures. Consequently, probabilistic descriptions in terms of empirical design rules are used and designing reliable structures requires the use of conservative strength estimates. Read More

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November 2020

Polypyrrole Hollow Microspheres with Boosted Hydrophilic Properties for Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution Water Dissociation Kinetics.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2020 Dec 9;12(51):57093-57101. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

College of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China.

The water dissociation step (HO + M + e → M - H + OH) is a crucial one toward achieving high-performance hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). The application of electronic conducting polymers (ECPs), such as polypyrrole (PPy), as the electrocatalyst for HER is rarely reported because of their poor adsorption energy per water molecule, which hinders the Volmer step. Herein, we strongly enrich PPy hollow microspheres (PPy-HMS) with attractive HER activity by enhancing their hydrophilic properties through hybridization with good water affinity SiO. Read More

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December 2020