2,573 results match your criteria economically socially

Regularity detection under stress: Faster extraction of probability-based regularities.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(6):e0253123. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.

Acute stress can crucially influence learning and memory processes. One of the key processes underlying human learning and memory is the ability of our brain to rapidly detect and extract regularities from sensory input across time and space leading to effective predictive processing. Here, we aimed to get an in-depth look into the effect of stress on the acquisition of two aspects of regularity extraction. Read More

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Microalgal Biodiesel Production: Realizing the Sustainability Index.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2021 28;9:620777. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Agricultural and Food Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, India.

Search for new and renewable sources of energy has made research reach the tiny little tots, microalgae for the production of biodiesel. But despite years of research on the topic, a definitive statement, declaring microalgae as an economically, environmentally, and socially sustainable resource is yet to be seen or heard of. With technological and scientific glitches being blamed for this delay in the progress of the production system, an assessment of the sustainability indices achieved so far by the microalgal biodiesel is important to be done so as to direct future research efforts in a more coordinated manner to achieve the sustainability mark. Read More

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Relationship between level of economic development, age and etiology of spinal cord injury: a cross-sectional survey from 22 countries.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lodz, Poland.

Objective: To examine relationships between age and spinal cord injury (SCI) and cause of SCI, and how this depends on economic development.

Design: Cross-sectional survey.

Setting: Community, 22 countries representing all stages of economic development. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2 Brazil variants in Latin America: More serious research urgently needed on public health and vaccine protection.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Jun 5;66:102428. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

College of Pharmacy and Health Care, Tajen University, Yanpu, Pingtung, Taiwan.

COVID-19 has not only created a pandemic but also affected both economically and socially in all countries. It has further created a socio-economic chaos throughout Latin America. Currently, some new SARS-CoV-2 variants are circulating in Latin America and one among the significant variant belongs to the P. Read More

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[Dental and oral health services research in Germany].

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Abteilung für Orale Diagnostik, Digitale Zahnmedizin und Versorgungsforschung, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Aßmannshauser Straße 4-6, Berlin, 14197, Deutschland.

Over the past eight years, the continuous call for "more oral health services research" in Germany has been (at least partially) answered. Today, relevant oral and dental health services research activities can be found at 12 medical faculties in Germany and nine large-scale projects are funded by the German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) or the Innovation Fund of the Federal Joint Committee (G-BA). However, the demand for high-level research in this field exceeds the current capacities of university and non-university dentistry; structured and methodically competent research networks that are cross-linked within the dental and public health services are required. Read More

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Addressing the challenges of climate-driven community-led resettlement and site expansion: knowledge sharing, storytelling, healing, and collaborative coalition building.

J Environ Stud Sci 2021 Jun 2:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington, DC USA.

Presently coastal areas globally are becoming unviable, with people no longer able to maintain livelihoods and settlements due to, for example, increasing floods, storm surges, coastal erosion, and sea level rise, yet there exist significant policy obstacles and practical and regulatory challenges to community-led and community-wide responses. For many receiving support only at the individual level for relocation or other adaptive responses, individual and community harm is perpetuated through the loss of culture and identity incurred through forced assimilation policies. Often, challenges dealt to frontline communities are founded on centuries of injustices. Read More

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Physical and biological performance evaluation of disinfection systems for transportation vehicles against AI virus.

J Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Republic of Korea.

In order to prevent the outbreak of infectious diseases that cause huge losses economically and socially, domestic livestock farms and related facilities have introduced automatic and semiautomatic disinfectant solution spraying system for vehicle. However, the facilities standards and specifications are different for each manufacturer, and there is no scientific performance evaluation. The puropose of this study is to develop physical and biological evaluation methods. Read More

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Regulation and Consumer Interest in an Antioxidant-Enriched Ham Associated with Reduced Colorectal Cancer Risks.

Nutrients 2021 May 3;13(5). Epub 2021 May 3.

Toxalim (Research Centre in Food Toxicology), Toulouse University, INRAE UMR 1331, ENVT, INP-Purpan, UPS, 31300 Toulouse, France.

An economic experiment was conducted in France in 2020 to evaluate consumer attitudes toward two ham products associated with different colorectal cancer risks. We focused specifically on comparing a conventional ham and a new hypothetical antioxidant-enriched ham with a reduced risk of provoking colorectal cancer. Study participants were given descriptions of the two hams before carrying out successive rounds of willingness-to-pay (WTP) assessments. Read More

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Financial disclosure quality and sustainability disclosure quality. A case in China.

PLoS One 2021 28;16(5):e0250884. Epub 2021 May 28.

School of Accounting, Shanghai University of International Business and Economics, Shanghai, China.

This paper empirically examines whether there is an association between financial reporting disclosure quality and sustainability disclosure quality of the top 100 socially reputed Chinese listed firms. The paper computed financial disclosure quality by empirically combining earning qualities of accrual, persistence, predictability, and smoothness. Using content analysis and survey questionnaire research methods, it calculated sustainability quality by combining disclosure quantity (through quantitative weightings), disclosure type (through qualitative weightings), and disclosure item importance (through qualitative weightings) of economic, social, and environmental disclosures made in annual and sustainability reports, ascertained using the Global Reporting Initiative sustainability framework. Read More

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Exploring equity in health and poverty impacts of control measures for SARS-CoV-2 in six countries.

BMJ Glob Health 2021 05;6(5)

Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: Policy makers need to be rapidly informed about the potential equity consequences of different COVID-19 strategies, alongside their broader health and economic impacts. While there are complex models to inform both potential health and macro-economic impact, there are few tools available to rapidly assess potential equity impacts of interventions.

Methods: We created an economic model to simulate the impact of lockdown measures in Pakistan, Georgia, Chile, UK, the Philippines and South Africa. Read More

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Testing the quality of transformative science methods: the example of the Human Scale Development approach.

Sustain Sci 2021 May 20:1-19. Epub 2021 May 20.

Institute of Economics, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Universidad Austral de Chile, Isla Teja, Valdivia, Chile.

Scholars and funding bodies alike are increasingly calling for transformative research that delivers socially robust and impact-oriented outcomes. This paper argues that the Human Scale Development approach (HSDA) introduced by Max-Neef and colleagues in Latin America during the 1980s can serve as a method for transformative science (TSc). HSDA is both a theory and a participatory methodology and thus contributes toward fulfilling the objectives of TSc, which are scientific, practical and educational. Read More

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Inequitable Utilization of Neonatal Health Services in Southwest Ethiopia: The Effects of Socioeconomic Disparities.

Inquiry 2021 Jan-Dec;58:469580211018290

Faculty of Public Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Low levels of neonatal health services utilization and high neonatal deaths are often concentrated among socially and economically disadvantaged groups, especially in low-income countries. Therefore the aim of this study was to assess inequity in the use of neonatal health services in Southwest Ethiopia. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 8 districts located in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia from 19 March to 28 April 2018. Read More

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Patient experience of telemedicine for headache care during the COVID-19 pandemic: An American Migraine Foundation survey study.

Headache 2021 05 21;61(5):734-739. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Neurology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Objective: We sought to investigate the patient experience of telemedicine for headache care during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Background: The use of telemedicine has rapidly expanded and evolved since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. Telemedicine eliminates the physical and geographic barriers to health care, preserves personal protective equipment, and prevents the spread of COVID-19 by allowing encounters to happen in a socially distanced way. Read More

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Replication of GWAS significant loci in a sub-Saharan African Cohort with early childhood caries: a pilot study.

BMC Oral Health 2021 05 20;21(1):274. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Oral Pathology, Radiology and Medicine, College of Dentistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City , USA.

Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a rapidly progressing form of dental infection and a significant public health problem, especially among socially and economically disadvantaged populations. This study aimed to assess the risk factors for ECC among a cohort of Sub-Saharan African children and to determine the role of genetics in the etiology of ECC.

Methods: A sample of 691 children (338 with ECC, 353 without ECC, age < 6 years) was recruited from schools in Lagos, Nigeria. Read More

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Relationship Between COVID-19, Euthanasia and Old Age: A Study from a Legal-Ethical Perspective.

J Relig Health 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Court of Murcia (Spain), C/ Alfonso XIII, no 2, 30832, Javalí Nuevo, Murcia, Spain.

The global pandemic situation created by COVID-19 leaves many questions open in areas as diverse as politics, economics, society and ethics. The scarcity of health resources and the use that has been made of these by some governments raises the question of whether the distribution of health resources has been equitable, or whether the allocation of health resources depended on criteria such as age. The present work investigates whether those countries or geographical areas where euthanasia is legalized, decriminalized or socially accepted, have followed selective policies limiting access to healthcare by the elderly, thus undermining what is understood as quality of life. Read More

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Prevalence of food insecurity and related factors among slum households in Kerman, south of Iran.

Int J Health Plann Manage 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Public Health, Sirjan School of Medical Sciences, Sirjan, Iran.

Introduction: Household food insecurity (FI) is defined as limited or uncertain access to nutritionally adequate and safe food or limited ability to obtain foods in socially acceptable ways has become a global issue in recent decades.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kerman, southeast of Iran in 2019, covering 559 marginalised households. United States Department of Agriculture food security measure was used for data collection. Read More

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Do lonely and socially isolated individuals think they die earlier? The link between loneliness, social isolation and expectations of longevity based on a nationally representative sample.

Psychogeriatrics 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department  of  Health   Economics and  Health Services Research, Hamburg Centre for Health Economics, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Loneliness and social isolation both have been linked to morbidity and mortality. However, there is a lack of studies investigating whether these factors are associated with expectations of longevity. Therefore, we aimed to clarify this association. Read More

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Evaluation of a self-help intervention to promote the health and wellbeing of marginalised people including those living with leprosy in Nepal: a prospective, observational, cluster-based, cohort study with controls.

BMC Public Health 2021 05 6;21(1):873. Epub 2021 May 6.

Institute of Applied Health Research, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK.

Background: People affected by leprosy are at increased risk of ulcers from peripheral nerve damage. This in turn can lead to visible impairments, stigmatisation and economic marginalisation. Health care providers suggest that patients should be empowered to self-manage their condition to improve outcomes and reduce reliance on services. Read More

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[Covid-19: how the pandemic revealed gender inequalities].

Rev Med Suisse 2021 May;17(737):881-884

Service d'épidémiologie clinique, HUG, 1211 Genève 14.

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has revealed inequalities between men and women and has deepened some existing disparities. While in Switzerland, more women than men have been infected, men have been at greater risk of developing complications and dying. A weaker immune response and more co-morbidities help to explain this poorer prognosis. Read More

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Physically distant but socially close? Changes in non-physical intergenerational contacts at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic among older people in France, Italy and Spain.

Eur J Ageing 2021 Apr 26:1-10. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Sociology, University of Vienna, Rooseveltplatz 2, 1090 Vienna, Austria.

Physical distancing is intended to mitigate the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. However, the impact of a decrease in face-to-face contacts on non-physical social contacts of older people remains unclear. In particular, we focus on intergenerational contacts that are especially relevant for older people's mental health. Read More

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Moral rebels and dietary deviants: How moral minority stereotypes predict the social attractiveness of veg*ns.

Appetite 2021 Sep 27;164:105284. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Economics, Ghent University, Tweekerkenstraat 2, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.

In this preregistered study we examined why people with an omnivorous diet (i.e., omnivores) would view vegetarians and vegans (i. Read More

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September 2021

Experienced incivility in the workplace: A meta-analytical review of its construct validity and nomological network.

J Appl Psychol 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Management and Organization.

Although workplace incivility has received increasing attention in organizational research over the past two decades, there have been recurring questions about its construct validity, especially vis-à-vis other forms of workplace mistreatment. Also, the antecedents of experienced incivility remain understudied, leaving an incomplete understanding of its nomological network. In this meta-analysis using Schmidt and Hunter's [ (3rd ed. Read More

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[The comparative analysis of population attitude to vaccination against COVID-19 infection in foreign countries and in Russia].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Mar;29(2):220-226

Research Institute for Healthcare Organization and Medical Management of Moscow Healthcare Department, 115088, Moscow, Russia.

The COVID-19 vaccination is considered as decisive factor in termination of pandemic. Hence, the vaccine development and clinical trials are carried on in an accelerated rate. At that, success of any mass immunization program, including its global application, directly depends on population willingness to be vaccinated. Read More

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Stormwater on the margins: Influence of race, gender, and education on willingness to participate in stormwater management.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jul 20;290:112552. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, USA.

Stormwater has immense impacts on urban flooding and water quality, leaving the marginalized and the impoverished disproportionately impacted by and vulnerable to stormwater hazards. However, the environmental health concerns of socially and economically marginalized individuals are largely underestimated. Through regression analysis of data from three longitudinal surveys, this article examines if and how an individual's race, gender, and education level help predict one's concern about and willingness to participate in stormwater management. Read More

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Virtual Seminar on Coronavirus 2019 for the US-Mexico Border Region: Building Opportunities for Communication and Collaboration.

J Immigr Minor Health 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Division of Public Health Practice and Translational Research, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, 550 E. Van Buren Street, UA Phoenix Plaza Building 1, Phoenix, AZ, 85724, USA.

While the US-Mexico border region has had increasing restrictions due to coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), the economically and socially integrated region continues to facilitate necessary movement between the two countries. Binational partners representing universities, government, and health delivery worked together to develop a COVID-19 Virtual Seminar for the US-Mexico Border Region, which consisted of weekly sessions in Spanish designed to better facilitate communication and collaborative systems between border states. In total 835 participants registered for the virtual seminar with attendance ranging from 394 in Session 1 to 269 in Session 6. Read More

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The Sociology of Intra-African Pastoralist Migration: The Case of Tanzania.

Front Sociol 2020 10;5:518797. Epub 2020 Nov 10.

Centre of Economics and Community Economic Development, Open University of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Intra-African migration in sub-Saharan Africa is increasingly characterized by migration further and further south of the equator. The study focuses on the relationship between pastoralist migration and climate change, followed by loss of control of epidemics, which can lead to losses of large numbers of livestock. While increasing changes in the natural environment have been widely cited in the empirical literature, less attention has been paid to the social context and sociological factors influencing modern-day climate-induced intra-African pastoralist migration. Read More

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November 2020

Efficacy of Platelet-Rich Plasma on Pain and Function in the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Cureus 2021 Mar 15;13(3):e13909. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Trauma and Orthopedics, Independent Researcher, Private Sector, Heidelberg, DEU.

Background Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease commonly affecting the knee joints. It affects patients socially, psychologically and economically and rates of the disease have been increasing due to obesity and old age. Regardless of choosing a medically conservative approach, it is a challenge in the long term to provide OA patients efficient treatment with minimal side effects and long-term efficiency. Read More

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Factors associated with patient activation in a socially deprived population: Evidence from Germany.

Patient Educ Couns 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Health Care Management, Hamburg Center for Health Economics (HCHE), University of Hamburg, Esplanade 36, 20354 Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Objective: Patient activation has been identified as a crucial determinant of health, but little is known about its own determinants, particularly in low socioeconomic status populations. To address this research gap, we analyzed factors that might explain variation in patient activation in such a population.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional patient survey (n = 582) in a low socioeconomic status urban district in Germany in 2017. Read More

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