2,494 results match your criteria economic transformation


Catalytic asymmetric hydrogenation of ()-α-dehydroamido boronate esters: direct route to alkyl-substituted α-amidoboronic esters.

Chem Sci 2019 Nov 25;11(3):851-855. Epub 2019 Nov 25.

Shenzhen Grubbs Institute and Department of Chemistry, Southern University of Science and Technology Shenzhen Guangdong 518055 People's Republic of China

The direct catalytic asymmetric hydrogenation of ()-α-dehydroamino boronate esters was realized. Using this approach, a class of therapeutically relevant alkyl-substituted α-amidoboronic esters was easily synthesized in high yields with generally excellent enantioselectivities (up to 99% yield and 99% ee). The utility of the products has been demonstrated by transformation to their corresponding boronic acid derivatives by a Pd-catalyzed borylation reaction and an efficient synthesis of a potential intermediate of bortezomib. Read More

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November 2019

Facile access to diverse all-carbon quaternary center containing spirobicycles by exploring a tandem Castro-Stephens coupling/acyloxy shift/cyclization/semipinacol rearrangement sequence.

Chem Sci 2020 Mar 16;11(15):3878-3884. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

State Key Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Lanzhou University Lanzhou 730000 P. R. China

Efficient combination of two or more reactions into a practically useful purification free sequence is of great significance for the achievement of structural complexity and diversity, and an important approach for the development of new synthetic strategies that are industrially step-economic and environmentally friendly. In this work, a facile and efficient method for the construction of highly functionalized spirocyclo[4.5]decane derivatives containing a synthetically challenging quaternary carbon center has been successfully developed through the realization of a tandem Castro-Stephens coupling/1,3-acyloxy shift/cyclization/semipinacol rearrangement sequence. Read More

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Systematic and bibliographic review of sustainability indicators for contaminated site remediation: Comparison between China and western nations.

Environ Res 2021 Jun 8:111490. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.

Sustainable remediation, which promotes the use of more sustainable practices during environmental clean-up activities, is an area of intense international development. While numerous indicators related to sustainable remediation assessment have been utilized and published in related academic literature, they are difficult to unify and vary in emphasis between countries. Following literature retrieval from CNKI, Springer, ScienceDirect, and Wiley Online databases, we present a systematic and bibliometric analysis of relevant national and international literature to define the most frequently considered indicators of sustainability, which play important roles in selecting remediation technologies or site management methods from a sustainability perspective. Read More

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Assessment of the role of trade and renewable energy consumption on consumption-based carbon emissions: evidence from the MINT economies.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Accounting and Finance, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Cyprus International University, 99040, Haspolat, Mersin 10, Turkey.

This research formulates a theoretical framework to investigate the impacts of trade on consumption-based carbon emissions (CCO) and also takes into account the influence of financial development and renewable energy use utilizing panel data for Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Turkey (MINT) nations between 1990 and 2017. The study utilizes a series of second-generation techniques such as Westerlund cointegration, cross-sectional augmented autoregressive distributed lag (CS-ARDL), and augmented mean group (AMG) tests to capture the linkage between CCO emissions and the independent variables. The study aims to answer the following questions: (a) can exports and imports determine CCO emissions in the MINT nations? (b) Is there a long-run association among the variables under investigation? The results of the Westerlund cointegration reveal a long-run association among the variables. Read More

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Closer to or further from the new normal? business approach through social media analysis.

Heliyon 2021 May 25;7(5):e07106. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Audiovisual Communication and Advertising, Faculty of Communication Sciences, Universidad de Málaga, 29071, Malaga, Spain.

The outbreak of COVID-19 has led to radical change in all social and economic spheres and, even today, the scope of the pandemic cannot be detailed. This unprecedent situation is challenging the global world but particularly for business. The packages of measures internationally imposed as restrictions on commercial activity, isolation and social distancing mean that business should face a transformation in order to survive in each stage of the crisis. Read More

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Midwives' experiences of father participation in maternity care at a large metropolitan health service in Australia.

Midwifery 2021 May 24;101:103046. Epub 2021 May 24.

Centre for Social and Early Emotional Development, School of Psychology, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Australia; Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia.

Objective: Engagement of fathers to participate in pregnancy, birth and early postnatal care has significant advantages for women and infants as well as fathers. In Australia, guidelines for midwifery practice do not include specific recommendations about father-inclusive care, and models for publicly funded maternity care do not extend to the provision of care tailored specifically towards the needs of fathers. This study investigated the perceptions of midwives regarding their role in fathers' wellbeing, the extent of fathers' attendance at and participation in their services, advantages and disadvantages of father participation and barriers and enablers to father engagement. Read More

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Changes in forest areas and land cover and their causes using intensity analysis: the case of Alabarda forest planning unit.

Authors:
Sinan Kaptan

Environ Monit Assess 2021 Jun 7;193(7):387. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Forest Management and Planning, Faculty of Forestry, Bartın University, 74100, Bartın, Turkey.

The examination of land cover change, as the main driving force of global climate change, and the determination of its economic, ecological, and social effects are necessary for making the right decisions in sustainable development, planning, and management. This study, conducted in the local forest areas of Alabarda, located in Tavşanlı District (Turkey), examined temporal and spatial changes in land cover using an intensity analysis consisting of three levels: interval, category, and transition. Using the three maps of 1994, 2004, and 2015, we analyzed the land use changes during two time intervals (1993-2004 and 2004-2015) in the area for six categories, including three for forest areas (Productive, Degraded, and Treeless) and three for non-forest areas (Others, e. Read More

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Stalled Structural Change Brings an Employment Crisis in India.

Indian J Labour Econ 2021 May 29:1-28. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Economic Studies, School of Social Sciences, Central University of Punjab, Ghudda Village, Bathinda, Punjab 151401 India.

Using national-level employment data, this paper explores both the supply and demand-side factors responsible for stalling India's structural transformation on the employment side. We have found that although the overall LF participation has consistently been declining, the size of open unemployment and discouraged LF are rising at an unprecedented pace. This employment crisis arose because of the stalled structural transformation owing to the lack of effective demand for skilled workers in the non-farm sectors. Read More

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Useful & Reliable: Technological Transformation in Colonial India.

Authors:
Tirthankar Roy

Technol Cult 2021 ;62(2):494-520

The proposition that Useful and Reliable Knowledge (URK) produced divergent patterns of long-term economic growth implies that such knowledge had weak agency in countries that fell behind. This article rejects such a theory on the evidence of colonial India. Indo-European contacts activated transfer, transplantation, and adaptation in URK; however, the impact was uneven within India. Read More

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January 2021

Editorial Commentary: Fixing Health Care Requires Us to Evaluate Policy Through an Ethical and Societal (And Not Just a Financial) Lens.

Arthroscopy 2021 Jun;37(6):2009-2010

University of Texas at Austin.

Health care systems globally, including in the United States, continue to undergo a much-needed transformation focused on optimizing value-or health outcomes per dollar spent across a full cycle of care-for patients. Given the traditionally high cost and use of orthopaedic surgery services, the field is ripe for in-depth assessment and comparison of interventions to ensure that evidence-based, high-value care is prioritized. Cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) provide an important framework from which to begin effective policy discussions, and a recent study suggests that current orthopaedic economic literature is of high quality. Read More

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A stepped-wedge randomised controlled trial assessing the implementation, effectiveness and cost-consequences of the EDDIE+ hospital avoidance program in 12 residential aged care homes: study protocol.

BMC Geriatr 2021 Jun 5;21(1):347. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Australian Centre for Health Services Innovation and Centre for Healthcare Transformation, School of Public Health and Social Work, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, 4059, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Older people living in residential aged care homes experience frequent emergency transfers to hospital. These events are associated with risks of hospital acquired complications and invasive treatments or interventions. Evidence suggests that some hospital transfers may be unnecessary or avoidable. Read More

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Patient-Centered Care: Transforming the Health Care System in Vietnam With Support of Digital Health Technology.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jun 4;23(6):e24601. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Behavioural Sciences Unit, Health Services Research and Implementation Sciences, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Over the recent decades, Vietnam has attained remarkable achievements in all areas of health care. However, shortcomings including health disparities persist particularly with a rapidly aging population. This has resulted in a shift in the disease burden from communicable to noncommunicable diseases such as dementia, cancer, and diabetes. Read More

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An electrostatics method for converting a time-series into a weighted complex network.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 3;11(1):11785. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Laboratory of Complex Systems, Department of Physics, International Hellenic University, Kavala, Greece.

This paper proposes a new method for converting a time-series into a weighted graph (complex network), which builds on electrostatics in physics. The proposed method conceptualizes a time-series as a series of stationary, electrically charged particles, on which Coulomb-like forces can be computed. This allows generating electrostatic-like graphs associated with time-series that, additionally to the existing transformations, can be also weighted and sometimes disconnected. Read More

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The Impact of the Upgrading of the Industrial Structure on the Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance Fund: An Empirical Study in China.

Risk Manag Healthc Policy 2021 24;14:2133-2144. Epub 2021 May 24.

School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: During the transformation of economy to a high-quality level in China, industrial restructuring and upgrading have played an important role. The upgrading of the industrial structure has affected not only the development in society and economy but also other fields, thereby having great impact on social security. In recent years, with the aging of the population and economic development, the social medical insurance fund is undertaking more payment pressure. Read More

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Women empowerment among academic and administrative staff in Saudi universities: A cross-sectional study.

Afr J Reprod Health 2021 Mar;25(s1):60-68

Department of Community Health Nursing, Benha University, Benha, Egypt.

Women in Saudi Arabia constitute nearly 50% of the population, but their participation in economic and social activities are far below the kingdom's potential. According to the 2030 vision, women empowerment is an essential requirement for community transformation and development. The study aims to explore women empowerment among academic and administrative staff in Saudi Universities. Read More

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Pyramiding the antimicrobial PR1aCB and AATCB genes in 'Tarocco' blood orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck) to enhance citrus canker resistance.

Transgenic Res 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Citrus Research Institute, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400712, People's Republic of China.

Citrus canker, caused by Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (Xcc), is a major bacterial disease responsible for substantial economic losses in citrus-producing areas. To breed transgenic citrus plants with enhanced resistance to citrus canker, two antimicrobial peptide genes, PR1aCB and AATCB, were incorporated into 'Tarocco' blood orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck) plants via co-transformation and sequential re-transformation. Read More

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A 15-Year Ecological Comparison for the Hiring Dynamics of Minnesota Pharmacies between 2006 and 2020.

Pharmacy (Basel) 2021 May 6;9(2). Epub 2021 May 6.

College of Pharmacy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.

Labor market forces in pharmacy are affected by frictional unemployment (job turnover), structural employment forces that require new skill sets for employees, and hiring practices that integrate technology or less costly labor such as pharmacy technicians. The objectives of this study were to describe hiring trends for both the pharmacist and technician workforces in licensed pharmacies on a biennial basis from 2006 through 2020 using data collected in Minnesota. Ecological comparisons were made between the survey years using descriptive statistics. Read More

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Real-Time Measurement of Drilling Fluid Rheological Properties: A Review.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 May 21;21(11). Epub 2021 May 21.

Faculty of Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China.

The accurate and frequent measurement of the drilling fluid's rheological properties is essential for proper hydraulic management. It is also important for intelligent drilling, providing drilling fluid data to establish the optimization model of the rate of penetration. Appropriate drilling fluid properties can improve drilling efficiency and prevent accidents. Read More

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Realist Process Evaluation of the implementation and impact of an organisational cultural transformation programme in the Children and Young People's Secure Estate (CYPSE) in England: study protocol.

BMJ Open 2021 05 28;11(5):e045680. Epub 2021 May 28.

Child Outcomes Research Consortium, Anna Freud Centre, London, UK.

Introduction: Young people in contact with the youth justice system are more likely to present with complex ongoing needs than young people in the general population. To address this, the Framework for Integrated Care (SECURE STAIRS) is being implemented in the Children and Young People's Secure Estate: a 'whole systems' approach to support secure settings to develop trauma-informed and relationally based environments, supporting staff to provide consistent, therapeutic care. This paper aims to present the protocol for a national cohort study examining the impact and implementation of this cultural transformation programme. Read More

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Boosted sono-oxidative catalytic degradation of Brilliant green dye by magnetic MgFeO catalyst: Degradation mechanism, assessment of bio-toxicity and cost analysis.

Ultrason Sonochem 2021 May 21;75:105592. Epub 2021 May 21.

Environmental and Water Resources Engineering Division, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address:

The magnetic MgFeO nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated via a facile co-precipitation technique and was comprehensively characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM, EDX and VSM. The prepared NPs were used as catalyst in presence of ultrasound (US) irradiation to activate persulfate (PS) for generation of sulfate radicals (SO) for boosted degradation of toxic Brilliant Green (BG) dye. Preliminary experiments revealed that highest BG dye degradation efficiency of 91. Read More

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Enhanced polyethylene glycol (PEG)-mediated protoplast transformation system for the phytopathogenic fungus, Ganoderma boninense.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

The basidiomycete fungus, Ganoderma boninense, has been identified as the main causal agent of oil palm basal stem rot (BSR) disease which has caused significant economic losses to the industry especially in Malaysia and Indonesia. Various efforts have been initiated to understand the disease and this plant pathogen especially at the molecular level. This is the first study of its kind on the development of a polyethylene glycol (PEG)-mediated protoplast transformation system for G. Read More

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Development of a preference-based heart disease-specific health state classification system using MacNew heart disease-related quality of life instrument.

Qual Life Res 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Australian Centre for Health Services Innovation and Centre for Healthcare Transformation, School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland University of Technology, 60 Musk Avenue, Kelvin Grove Queensland 4156, Kelvin Grove, Australia.

Purpose: The MacNew Heart Disease Health-Related Quality of Life Instrument (MacNew) is a validated, clinically sensitive, 27-item disease-specific questionnaire. This study aimed to develop a new heart disease-specific classification system for the MacNew amenable for use in health state valuation.

Methods: Patients with heart disease attending outpatient clinics and inpatient wards in Brisbane, Australia, completed MacNew. Read More

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Testing the quality of transformative science methods: the example of the Human Scale Development approach.

Sustain Sci 2021 May 20:1-19. Epub 2021 May 20.

Institute of Economics, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Universidad Austral de Chile, Isla Teja, Valdivia, Chile.

Scholars and funding bodies alike are increasingly calling for transformative research that delivers socially robust and impact-oriented outcomes. This paper argues that the Human Scale Development approach (HSDA) introduced by Max-Neef and colleagues in Latin America during the 1980s can serve as a method for transformative science (TSc). HSDA is both a theory and a participatory methodology and thus contributes toward fulfilling the objectives of TSc, which are scientific, practical and educational. Read More

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Sources of nutrition information for Indonesian women during pregnancy: how is information sought and provided?

Public Health Nutr 2021 May 26:1-11. Epub 2021 May 26.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC3220, Australia.

Objective: Adequate and appropriate nutrition education is expected to contribute towards preventing risk of child stunting and maternal overweight/obesity. Understanding women's information-seeking behaviours is an important key step for health professionals and departments of health in order to improve the development of optimal and targeted nutrition education during pregnancy. This study investigated the experience of Indonesian women in seeking and receiving nutritional information during pregnancy and its relationship to women's socio-demographic and pregnancy characteristics. Read More

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A state-wide audit of unhealthy sponsorship within junior sporting clubs in Victoria, Australia.

Public Health Nutr 2021 May 26:1-8. Epub 2021 May 26.

Deakin University, Global Obesity Centre, School of Health and Social Development, Institute for Health Transformation, 1 Gheringhap Street, Geelong, VIC, Australia.

Objective: To systematically audit the extent of unhealthy sponsorship within junior community sporting clubs and ascertain whether differences exist across geographical areas and sport types.

Design: Club sponsorship data were assessed to determine the extent of unhealthy food/beverage, alcohol and gambling sponsorship using a cross-sectional design. Differences across geographical areas were assessed using logistic regressions. Read More

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Iodine-Catalyzed Methylthiolative Annulation of 2-Alkynyl Biaryls with DMSO: A Metal-Free Approach to 9-Sulfenylphenanthrenes.

J Org Chem 2021 Jun 24;86(11):7881-7890. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Chemistry, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (BITS Pilani), Hyderabad Campus, Jawahar Nagar, Hyderabad 500078 Telangana, India.

An iodine-catalyzed sustainable, cost-effective, and atom-economic synthetic methodology is developed to synthesize a wide variety of valuable sulfenylphenanthrenes and polycyclic heteroaromatics in moderate to high yield through electrophilic thiolative annulation of 2-alkynyl biaryls (6- cyclization) using methyl sulfoxides such as dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as the sulfur source under transition-metal-free conditions. The transformation requires only iodine in a catalytic amount and trifluoroacetic anhydride. Notably, DMSO played multiple roles such as methylthiolating reagent, oxidant, and solvent in this reaction. Read More

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Study protocol for the Healthier Wealthier Families (HWF) pilot randomised controlled trial: testing the feasibility of delivering financial counselling to families with young children who are identified as experiencing financial hardship by community-based nurses.

BMJ Open 2021 05 21;11(5):e044488. Epub 2021 May 21.

Policy and Equity Group, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: Poverty and deprivation can harm children's future health, learning, economic productivity and societal participation. The Australian Healthier Wealthier Families project seeks to reduce the childhood inequities caused by poverty and deprivation by creating a systematic referral pathway between two free, community-based services: universal, well-child nursing services, which provide health and development support to families with children from birth to school entry, and financial counselling. By adapting the successful Scottish 'Healthier Wealthier Children' model, the objectives of this Australian pilot are to test the (1) of systematising the referral pathway, and (2) short-term on household finances, caregiver health, parenting efficacy and financial service use. Read More

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A critical review of the current research mainstreams and the influencing factors of green total factor productivity.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Departamento de Proyectos de Ingeniería, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022, Valencia, Spain.

The current world economy needs to undergo a green transformation. Green total factor productivity provides the basis for judging whether a country or region can attain long-term sustainable development. However, there is little research into the factors that influence green total factor productivity and this has become an obstacle in the transition to a greener economy. Read More

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Coastal Community Resilience and Power in the United States: A Comparative Analysis of Adaptability in North Carolina and Louisiana.

Authors:
Candace K May

Environ Manage 2021 Jul 20;68(1):100-116. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Sociology and Rural Studies, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD, USA.

Community adaptations to increase resilience and reduce vulnerability depend on adaptability, which is constituted by how power shapes collective mobilization of differential capacities across scales and levels of governance systems. A multidimensional power framework (MPF) to track the role of power in adaptability is presented and applied in a qualitative, comparative case study of two historical fishing communities in the United States. The MPF conceptualizes power as differential capacities at the individual and group levels, structural at the policy level, and systemic, reflective of generalized norms, strategies, and technologies of political economic imperatives. Read More

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Digitalization and environment: how does ICT affect enterprise environmental performance?

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

School of Economics and Management, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024, Liaoning, China.

Despite the increasing use of digital technology in industrial production, how industrial digitalization affects the environmental performance of production activities remains unclear. This research contributes to the literature on the relationship between industrial digitalization and enterprise environmental performance by employing a large sample of Chinese manufacturing enterprises. Results indicate that the environmental performance of manufacturing enterprises has been significantly improved in the process of industrial digital transformation. Read More

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