16,211 results match your criteria economic losses

Beneficial Use of Dredged Sediment as a Sustainable Practice for Restoring Coastal Marsh Habitat.

Integr Environ Assess Manag 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

US Army Corps of Engineers, New Orleans District, 7400 Leake Ave., New Orleans, LA, 70118, USA.

Coastal Louisiana (USA) continues to sustain immense land and habitat losses due to subsidence, sea-level rise, and storm events. Approximately 65 million cubic meters (85 million cubic yards) of sediment is dredged annually from Gulf coast Federal navigation channels to maintain safe waterway passage. The beneficial use of these sediments continues to increase and now this sediment is recognized as a critical resource in large-scale (estimated multi-billion dollar) ecosystem restoration efforts to mitigate land and habitat losses along the U. Read More

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A lipidomic view of SARS-CoV-2.

Biosci Rep 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

The global pandemic of SARS-CoV-2, which started in late 2019, has caused huge social and economic losses. A growing number of investigators are focusing on understanding the interaction of SARS-CoV-2 with host cellular processes to find therapeutic approaches. New data suggest that lipid metabolism could play a significant role in regulating the response of immune cells like macrophages to viral infection and thereby affecting the outcome of the disease. Read More

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New insights on Avian orthoreovirus and Chicken astrovirus co-infection in an Italian broiler flock: preliminary biomolecular and pathological results.

Vet Ital 2021 May 11;57(1):83-87. Epub 2021 May 11.

Dipartimento di Agricoltura, Alimentazione e Ambiente (Di3A), University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

Common pathogens of intensive poultry farms, either parasitic or bacterial, such as Coccidiaor Salmonella, are well known and strictly controlled by veterinary management. This case study reports an unusual case of runting stunting syndrome (RSS) observed on a Sicilian poultry farm of broiler chickens during 2019. The investigation was carried out on five chickens which present delayed in body weight and growth performance. Read More

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Isolation and molecular characterization of a virulent Marek's Disease virus serotype-1from Andhra Pradesh, India.

Vet Ital 2021 May 11;57(1):29-39. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Veterinary Microbiology College of Veterinary Science Tirupati-517502 Andhra Pradesh, India.

Marek's disease (MD) is one of the most significant neoplastic diseases of poultry caused by Marek's disease virus (MDV), an oncogenic avian herpesvirus which is responsible for great economic losses to the poultry industry worldwide. MD is being manifested as an acute disease with lymphomas in multiple visceral organs. In the present study, an outbreak of MD was investigated in one of the poultry farms from Andhra Pradesh, India. Read More

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A comprehensive review on avian chlamydiosis: a neglected zoonotic disease.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Jul 27;53(4):414. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Division of Public Health and Epidemiology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, India.

Avian chlamydiosis is one of the important neglected diseases with critical zoonotic potential. Chlamydia psittaci, the causative agent, affects most categories of birds, livestock, companion animals, and humans. It has many obscured characters and epidemiological dimensions, which makes it unique among other bacterial agents. Read More

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Characterization, Pathogenicity, Phylogeny, and Comparative Genomic Analysis of Pseudomonas tolaasii Strains Isolated from Various Mushrooms in China.

Phytopathology 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Engineering Research Center of Chinese Ministry of Education for Edible and Medicinal Fungi, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, Jilin, China.

Since 2016, devastating bacterial blotch affecting the fruiting bodies of Agaricus bisporus, Cordyceps militaris, Flammulina filiformis, and Pleurotus ostreatus in China has caused severe economic losses. We isolated 102 bacterial strains and characterized them polyphasically. We identified the causal agent as Pseudomonas tolaasii and confirmed the pathogenicity of the strains. Read More

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Association between disability-related budget reductions and increasing drug-related mortality across local authorities in Great Britain.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jul 13;284:114225. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy, Bocconi University, Milan, Italy.

Background: Drug-related mortality in the UK rose markedly after 2012. Here we test the hypothesis that cuts to disability-related spending were associated with increased drug-related mortality across local governments in Great Britain.

Methods: We regressed changes in drug-related death rates (years 2010-12 versus 2015-17) on local government disability-related budget reductions, adjusting for a range of regional, demographic, and economic factors. Read More

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Quantifying techno-economic indicators' impact on isolated renewable energy systems.

iScience 2021 Jul 12;24(7):102730. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China.

Addressing climate change with the rising global energy usage necessitates electricity sector decarbonization by rapidly moving toward flexible and efficient off-grid renewable energy systems (RESs). This paper analyzes the wind and solar micro-grids, with batteries and pumped hydro storage for a robust off-grid RES techno-economic operation, while considering diverse multi-objective optimization cases. This research has considered the RES variable operational losses in the developed methodology and relations between different indicators are evaluated, revealing a basic understanding between them. Read More

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Mycobacterial Infection of Precision-Cut Lung Slices Reveals Type 1 Interferon Pathway Is Locally Induced by but Not in a Cattle Breed.

Front Vet Sci 2021 9;8:696525. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

INRAE, Université de Tours, Nouzilly, France.

Tuberculosis exacts a terrible toll on human and animal health. While (Mtb) is restricted to humans, (Mb) is present in a large range of mammalian hosts. In cattle, bovine TB (bTB) is a noticeable disease responsible for important economic losses in developed countries and underestimated zoonosis in the developing world. Read More

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Milk yield depression and its economic loss due to production diseases: Iran's large dairy herds.

Iran J Vet Res 2021 ;22(2):136-139

Ferdows Pars Agricultural and Livestock Holding Co., Tehran, Iran.

Background: Incidences of production and metabolic diseases in dairy cows have increased over the last few decades because of the increasing trends in milk production. Production diseases cause different and distinct depressions in milk production that lead to different and major economic losses in large dairy herds.

Aims: The objective of this study was to determine milk production depression and its economic losses due to different production diseases in selected large dairy herds of Iran. Read More

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January 2021

Evaluation of intracellular survival of subsp. in bovine endometrial cells by qPCR.

Iran J Vet Res 2021 ;22(2):94-99

Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Department of Agricultural and Animal Production, Metropolitan Autonomous University-Xochimilco, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: subsp. is the causal agent of sporadic abortion and infertility in bovines that produces economic losses in livestock

Aims: This study evaluates the capability of subsp. to invade and survive in bovine endometrial epithelial cells and attempts to describe a pathogenic mechanism of this microorganism. Read More

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January 2021

Comparative Genomics Provide Insights Into Function and Evolution of Odorant Binding Proteins in .

Front Physiol 2021 7;12:690185. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Shenzhen Branch, Guangdong Laboratory for Lingnan Modern Agriculture, Genome Analysis Laboratory of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Agricultural Genomics Institute at Shenzhen, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shenzhen, China.

Insect olfaction is vital for foraging, mating, host-seeking, and avoidance of predators/pathogens. In insects, odorant binding proteins (OBPs) are involved in transporting hydrophobic odor molecules from the external environment to receptor neurons. The codling moth, , one of the most destructive insect fruit pests, causes enormous economic losses. Read More

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All India Ophthalmological Society Financial Impact Survey on ophthalmology practice in India during COVID-19.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2021 Aug;69(8):2196-2201

Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Purpose: A survey was conducted by the All India Ophthalmological Society (AIOS) to document the initial coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related financial impact on ophthalmology practice in India. It also assessed various measures taken by ophthalmologists and the possible role of AIOS in mitigating the economic crisis.

Methods: An online questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey was conducted among its registered members from July to August 2020. Read More

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Long-term effects of job loss on male health: BMI and health behaviors.

Econ Hum Biol 2021 Jul 13;43:101038. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

University of Michigan and NBER, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA. Electronic address:

Employment is one of the most critical determinants of health and health behaviors for adults. This study focuses on Ukraine and measures how an involuntary job loss - defined as job loss due to business closures, reorganizations, bankruptcies, or privatization - affects BMI, being overweight or obese, smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity. There are three reasons to study Ukraine in the aftermath of an enormous economic transition that resulted in employment contraction as high as 40 % compared to 1990. Read More

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Discovery of a novel plant-derived agent against Ralstonia solanacearum by targeting the bacterial division protein FtsZ.

Pestic Biochem Physiol 2021 Aug 5;177:104892. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Laboratory of Natural Products Pesticides, College of Plant Protection, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China. Electronic address:

Ralstonia solanacearum (R. solanacearum) is one of the most devastating bacterial pathogens and leads to serious economic losses in crops worldwide. In this study, the antibacterial activities of novel plant-derived coumarins against R. Read More

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Durability Study on High-Performance Fiber-Reinforced Mortar under Simulated Wastewater Pipeline Environment.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Jul 6;14(14). Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Engineering, China University of Geosciences-Wuhan, Wuhan 430074, China.

The acid-alkaline-inducd corrosive environments inside wastewater concrete pipelines cause concrete structural deterioration and substantial economic losses all over the world. High-performance concrete/mortar (HPC) was designed to have better resistance to corrosive environments, with enhanced service life. However, the durability of HPC in wastewater pipeline environments has rarely been studied. Read More

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A Review of Techniques Used for Induction Machine Fault Modelling.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Jul 16;21(14). Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Institute for Energy Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain.

Over the years, induction machines (IMs) have become key components in industry applications as mechanical power sources (working as motors) as well as electrical power sources (working as generators). Unexpected breakdowns in these components can lead to unscheduled down time and consequently to large economic losses. As breakdown of IMs for failure study is not economically feasible, several IM computer models under faulty conditions have been developed to investigate the characteristics of faulty machines and have allowed reducing the number of destructive tests. Read More

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The Antiviral Molecule 5-Pyridoxolactone Identified Post BmNPV Infection of the Silkworm, .

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jul 10;22(14). Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Biological Science Research Center, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China.

nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) is a pathogen that causes great economic losses in sericulture. Many genes play a role in viral infection of silkworms, but silkworm metabolism in response to BmNPV infection is unknown. We studied BmE cells infected with BmNPV. Read More

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Icariin and its phosphorylated derivatives reduce duck hepatitis A virus serotype 1-induced oxidative stress and inflammatory damage in duck embryonic hepatocytes through mitochondrial regulation.

Res Vet Sci 2021 Jul 16;139:133-139. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Chinese Veterinary medicine research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China; MOE International Joint Collaborative Research Laboratory for Animal Health & Food Safety, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China. Electronic address:

Duck hepatitis A virus serotype 1 (DHAV-1) causes acute inflammatory injury with a very high mortality rate in ducklings, leading to severe economic losses worldwide, especially in mainland China. There is an urgent need to find new treatments to prevent and control infection with DHAV-1. Not only is there a shortage of commercial anti-DHAV-1 drugs, but there are also gaps in the use and protection rates of existing commercial vaccines. Read More

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Sequencing and High-Contiguity Genome Assembly of Reveals Its Specific Fatty Acid Metabolism and Reproductive Stem Cell Regulatory Network.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2021 6;11:693914. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Key Laboratory of Bio-Resources and Eco-Environment (Ministry of Education), College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

() parasitizes the small intestine of sheep and causes inhibited growth and development or even death. Being globally distributed, it causes considerable economic losses to the animal husbandry industry. Here, using Illumina, PacBio and BioNano techniques, we obtain a high-quality genome assembly of , which has a total length of 142 Mb, a scaffold N50 length of 7. Read More

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Determinants of Persistent Patterns of Pepino Mosaic Virus Mixed Infections.

Front Microbiol 2021 6;12:694492. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Stress Biology and Plant Pathology, Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura (CEBAS)-CSIC, Murcia, Spain.

Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV) has become a pandemic virus in tomato crops, causing important economic losses worldwide. In Spain, isolates of the EU and CH2 strains co-circulate, with PepMV-EU predominantly found in mixed infections. Simultaneous mixed infections result in an asymmetric antagonism against PepMV-CH2, but the outcome of over-infections has never been tested. Read More

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Two New Strains of Affecting Natural Avocado Thrips.

Indian J Microbiol 2021 Sep 4;61(3):348-354. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Facultad de Ciencias, Grupo Biotecnología Vegetal UNALMED-CIB, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede-Medellín, Medellín, Antioquia Colombia.

is an obligate intracellular bacterium with a high frequency of infection and a continental distribution in arthropods and nematodes. This endosymbiont can induce various reproductive phenotypes in their hosts and has been previously found naturally in several pests including thrips (Thripidae). These insects cause physical fruit damage and economic losses in avocado. Read More

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September 2021

Direct and Indirect Costs of Influenza-Like Illness Treated with and Without Oseltamivir in 15 European Countries: A Descriptive Analysis Alongside the Randomised Controlled ALICE Trial.

Clin Drug Investig 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Centre for Health Economics Research and Modelling Infectious Diseases (CHERMID), Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610, Wilrijk, Belgium.

Background And Objective: Influenza-like illness (ILI) leads to a substantial disease burden every winter in Europe; however, oseltamivir is not frequently prescribed to ILI patients in the primary-care setting. An open-label, multi-country, multi-season, randomised controlled trial investigated the effectiveness of oseltamivir for treating ILI in 15 European countries. We aimed to evaluate whether patients presenting with ILI in primary care and being managed with the addition of oseltamivir to usual care had lower average direct and indirect costs compared to patients with usual care alone. Read More

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Morphometric study of encephalic lesions in aborted bovine fetuses naturally infected by two subpopulations of Neospora caninum.

Parasitol Res 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Institute of Innovation for Agricultural Production and Sustainable Development (IPADS Balcarce), INTA-CONICET, Balcarce, Argentina.

Neospora caninum is a major reproductive disease in cattle worldwide. In the Argentinian Humid Pampa, the seroprevalence, incidence of abortions, and economic losses due to neosporosis are considerably higher in dairy than in beef cattle. Despite this, we recently demonstrated that N. Read More

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Target of rapamycin controls hyphal growth and pathogenicity through FoTIP4 in Fusarium oxysporum.

Mol Plant Pathol 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Institute of Urban Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu National Agricultural Science and Technology Center, Chengdu, China.

Fusarium oxysporum is the causal agent of the devastating Fusarium wilt by invading and colonizing the vascular system in various plants, resulting in substantial economic losses worldwide. Target of rapamycin (TOR) is a central regulator that controls intracellular metabolism, cell growth, and stress responses in eukaryotes, but little is known about TOR signalling in F. oxysporum. Read More

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In vivo experiments provide evidence that Flavobacterium psychrophilum strains belonging to multilocus sequence typing clonal complex ST191 are virulent to Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss.

J Aquat Anim Health 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.

Flavobacterium psychrophilum, the causative agent of bacterial coldwater disease (BCWD), causes significant economic losses worldwide, particularly in farmed Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Over the last decade, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) has revealed >30 clonal complexes (CCs) globally, comprised of >320 F. psychrophilum sequence types (STs). Read More

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Efficient RNA virus targeting via CRISPR-CasRx in fish.

J Virol 2021 Jul 21:JVI0046121. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Joint Laboratory of Guangdong Province and Hong Kong Region on Marine Bioresource Conservation and Exploitation, College of Marine Sciences, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China.

The emergence of the CRISPR-Cas system as a technology has transformed our ability to modify nucleic acids, and the CRISPR-Cas13 system has been used to target RNA. CasRx is a small sized type VI-D effector (Cas13d) with RNA knockdown efficiency that may have an interference effect on RNA viruses. However, the RNA virus-targeting activity of CasRx still needs to be verified in vertebrates. Read More

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EGR1 suppresses porcine epidemic diarrhea virus replication by regulating IRAV to degrade viral nucleocapsid protein.

J Virol 2021 Jul 21:JVI0064521. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Shanghai Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai, PR China.

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is a globally distributed alphacoronavirus that has re-emerged lately, resulting in large economic losses. During viral infection, interferon (IFN-I) plays a vital role in the antiviral innate immunity. However, PEDV has evolved strategies to limit IFN-I production. Read More

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Patient-reportedimpact of myasthenia gravis in the real world: protocol for a digital observational study (MyRealWorld MG).

BMJ Open 2021 Jul 20;11(7):e048198. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

argenx BV, Ghent, Belgium.

Introduction: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare, chronic, autoimmune disease, mediated by immunoglobulin G antibodies, which causes debilitating muscle weakness. As with most rare diseases, there is little patient-reported data with which to understand and address patient needs. This study explores the impact of MG in the real world from the patient perspective. Read More

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Early approval of COVID-19 vaccines: Pros and cons.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021 Jul 20:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Japan.

The development of safe and effective vaccines has been an overriding priority for controlling the 2019-coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. From the onset, COVID-19 has caused high mortality and economic losses and yet has also offered an opportunity to advance novel therapeutics such as DNA and mRNA vaccines. Although it is hoped that the swift acceptance of such vaccines will prevent loss of life, rejuvenate economies and restore normal life, there could also be significant pitfalls. Read More

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