18,755 results match your criteria economic losses

Detection and Quantification of Apple Stem Grooving Virus in Micropropagated Apple Plantlets Using Reverse-Transcription Droplet Digital PCR.

Plant Pathol J 2022 Aug 1;38(4):417-422. Epub 2022 Aug 1.

Department of Applied Biology, Institute of Environmentally Friendly Agriculture, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61185, Korea.

Apple stem grooving virus (ASGV) is a destructive viral pathogen of pome fruit trees that causes significant losses to fruit production worldwide. Obtaining ASGV-free propagation materials is essential to reduce economic losses, and accurate and sensitive detection methods to screen ASGV-free plantlets during in vitro propagation are urgently necessary. In this study, ASGV was sensitively and accurately quantified from in vitro propagated apple plantlets using a reverse transcription droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (RT-ddPCR) assay. Read More

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Characterization and Pathogenicity of Lasiodiplodia theobromae Causing Black Root Rot and Identification of Novel Sources of Resistance in Mulberry Collections.

Plant Pathol J 2022 Aug 1;38(4):272-286. Epub 2022 Aug 1.

Department of Microbiology, Bhavan's Vivekananda College of Science, Humanities and Commerce, Secunderabad 500 094, Telangana, India.

Black root rot (BRR) caused by Lasiodiplodia theobromae is an alarming disease of mulberry that causes tremendous economic losses to sericulture farmers in India and China. Successful control of this disease can be attained by screening germplasm and identifying resistant sources. Seventy four diseased root samples were collected from farmer's fields belonging to four major mulberry growing states of South India. Read More

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Study of scaling problem in the region of tata (Morocco): Analysis of the elemental composition, crystalline phases, and morphologies of scale deposition in water installations.

Appl Radiat Isot 2022 Aug 5;188:110388. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Process Engineering Laboratory, Team "Materials and Physico-Chemistry of Water", Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco.

In the region of Tata (southeast of Morocco), groundwater is the only resource for drinking and agriculture. However, the formation of mineral deposits, known as scaling, inside groundwater distribution networks and household facilities is significantly observed in this oasis area. This phenomenon leads to technical problems and substantial economic losses. Read More

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Antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of Mycoplasma hyorhinis strains isolated from five European countries between 2019 and 2021.

PLoS One 2022 11;17(8):e0272903. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Veterinary Medical Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary.

Mycoplasma hyorhinis is an emerging swine pathogen bacterium causing polyserositis and polyarthritis in weaners and finishers. The pathogen is distributed world-wide, generating significant economic losses. No commercially available vaccine is available in Europe. Read More

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Economic impact of poisoning by Brachiaria grass in lambs from birth to finishing receiving to different levels of supplementation.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2022 Aug 11;54(5):259. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Postgraduate Program in Animal Science, College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science of the Federal University of Mato Grosso Do Sul, Campo Grande, MS, 79074-460, Brazil.

This study aims to evaluate the economic impact of poisoning by Brachiaria grass in lambs from birth to weaning (suckling) and from weaning to slaughter (finishing) different levels of energy protein supplementation (EPS). In addition, we estimated the economic efficiency of removing lambs from the pasture as a control measure to minimize the losses caused by Brachiaria grass poisoning. Seventy lambs were used in the suckling phase, distributed in two nutritional treatments (control and creep feeding). Read More

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Microbial resistance to sanitizers in the food industry: review.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2022 Aug 11:1-16. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Department of Food Engineering and Technology, University of Campinas - UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brazil.

Hygiene programs which comprise the cleaning and sanitization steps are part of the Good Hygiene Practices (GHP) and are considered essential to ensure food safety and quality. Inadequate hygiene practices may contribute to the occurrence of foodborne diseases, development of microbial resistance to sanitizers, and economic losses. In general, the sanitizer resistance is classified as intrinsic or acquired. Read More

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Non-ambulatory pigs in two Brazilian growing-finishing farms: a clinic, etiological and pathological perspective on 76 cases.

Porcine Health Manag 2022 Aug 10;8(1):36. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Departament of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande Do Sul - UFRGS, 9090 Av. Bento Gonçalves, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande Do Sul, 91540-000, Brazil.

Background: Non-ambulatory pigs, colloquially known as downers or downed pigs, are animals presented with limited to no mobility, usually as a result of pre-existing neurologic or musculoskeletal conditions. Impaired ambulation is a major cause of euthanasia in pigs, leading to economic losses and animal welfare concerns. Additionally, reaching the underlying diagnosis of impaired ambulation in pigs is commonly a challenging task for swine practitioners. Read More

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Investigation of cause-specific pre-weaning mortality in Harnali sheep.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2022 Aug 10;54(5):256. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana, India, 125001.

Lamb mortality is an important aspect in sheep production system which affects farm profitability worldwide. The aim of the present study was to investigate the causes of pre-weaning mortality (PWM) in Harnali lambs with respect to various associated factors. The data records of 173 lambs which died before 90 days of age (weaning age) out of 2057 lambs born during 2001-2020 year were collected from various registers, and the respective causes of mortality were taken from the post-mortem reports. Read More

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Effectiveness assessment of reservoir projects for flash flood control, water supply and irrigation in Wangmo Basin, China.

Sci Total Environ 2022 Aug 7:157918. Epub 2022 Aug 7.

Changjiang River Scientific Research Institute of Changjiang River ResourcesCommission,Wuhan 430010, China.

Most flash floods in countries around the world occur in poor rural mountainous areas and typically cause more casualties and economic losses due to monitoring challenges and early warning difficulties. In mountainous regions, reservoir projects are a very effective measure for mitigating the risk of flash floods and can also be used for water supplies and irrigation, but there is a lack of research on the comprehensive benefit assessments of reservoirs. In this paper, we simulate the inundation extents of flash floods for the Wangmo Basin in China, where flash floods frequently occur, under different return periods using the HEC-HMS (HEC-Hydrologic Modelling System) model and FLO-2D model and compare the resulting housing losses with and without reservoirs. Read More

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Carbon Dots Improve Nitrogen Bioavailability to Promote the Growth and Nutritional Quality of Soybeans under Drought Stress.

ACS Nano 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Stockbridge School of Agriculture, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, United States.

The inefficient utilization of nitrogen (N) in soil and drought stress seriously threatens agricultural and food production. Herein, soil application of carbon dots (CDs, 5 mg kg) promoted the growth and nutritional quality of soybeans by improving N bioavailability, which was beneficial to alleviate the economic losses caused by drought stress. Soil application of CDs enhanced the N-fixing ability of nodules, regulated rhizosphere processes, and ultimately enhanced N and water uptake in soybeans under drought stress. Read More

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Research progress in toxicological effects and mechanism of aflatoxin B toxin.

PeerJ 2022 4;10:e13850. Epub 2022 Aug 4.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Henan University of Animal Husbandry and Economy, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.

Fungal contamination of animal feed can severely affect the health of farm animals, and result in considerable economic losses. Certain filamentous fungi or molds produce toxic secondary metabolites known as mycotoxins, of which aflatoxins (AFTs) are considered the most critical dietary risk factor for both humans and animals. AFTs are ubiquitous in the environment, soil, and food crops, and aflatoxin B(AFB) has been identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as one of the most potent natural group 1A carcinogen. Read More

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Crown dieback and mortality of urban trees linked to heatwaves during extreme drought.

Sci Total Environ 2022 Aug 6:157915. Epub 2022 Aug 6.

Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia.

Cities have been described as 'heat islands' and 'dry islands' due to hotter, drier air in urban areas, relative to the surrounding landscape. As climate change intensifies, the health of urban trees will be increasingly impacted. Here, we posed the question: Is it possible to predict urban tree species mortality using (1) species climate envelopes and (2) plant functional traits? To answer these, we tracked patterns of crown dieback and recovery for 23 common urban tree and shrub species in Sydney, Australia during the record-breaking austral 2019-2020 summer. Read More

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Reactive N emissions from cropland and their mitigation in the North China Plain.

Environ Res 2022 Aug 6:114015. Epub 2022 Aug 6.

College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, National Academy of Agriculture Green Development, Key Laboratory of Plant-Soil Interactions, Ministry of Education, China Agricultural University, 100193, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Excessive application of chemical nitrogen (N) fertilizer and inefficient N management are still common in the North China Plain, leading to large reactive N (Nr) losses and pollution, threatening environmental security and public health. Three improved N management practices (33% reduction in N applied (OU), OU combined with partial organic fertilizer substitution (UOM) and the urea in UOM amended with a urease inhibitor (ULOM)) together with no N application (CK) and farmers' conventional practice (CU) were tested on a maize-wheat rotation at Quzhou, Hebei, North China Plain (NCP). Nr emissions were related to WFPS (Water Filled Pore Space), soil mineral N (NH-N and NO-N) and soil temperature. Read More

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The recombinant subunit vaccine encapsulated by alginate-chitosan microsphere enhances the immune effect against Micropterus salmoides rhabdovirus.

J Fish Dis 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, China.

The disease caused by Micropterus salmoides rhabdovirus (MSRV) has brought substantial economic losses to the largemouth bass aquaculture industry in China. Vaccination was considered as a potential way to prevent and control this disease. As a kind of sustained and controlled release system, alginate and chitosan microspheres (SA-CS) are widely used in the development of oral vaccination for fish. Read More

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Molecular Characterization Analysis of Prevalent Infectious Bronchitis Virus and Pathogenicity Assessment of Recombination Strain in China.

Front Vet Sci 2022 22;9:842179. Epub 2022 Jul 22.

Heyuan Branch, Guangdong Provincial Laboratory of Lingnan Modern Agricultural Science and Technology, Guangdong Provincial Key Lab of Agro-Animal Genomics and Molecular Breeding, Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China.

Avian coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is a respiratory pathogen of chickens, resulting in severe economic losses in the poultry industry. This study aimed to monitor and isolate the molecular identity of IBV in broiler flocks with respiratory symptoms in eight provinces of China. In total, 910 samples (oropharyngeal and cloacal mixed swabs) from broiler flocks showed IBV positive rates of 17. Read More

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Prevalence of Eimeria species, detected by ITS1-PCR, in broiler poultry farms located in seven provinces of northeastern Algeria.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2022 Aug 9;54(5):250. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Biomedical Research Centre, School of Science, Engineering and Environment, University of Salford, Salford, UK.

Coccidiosis is an important global chickens' disease which can cause serious economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. Little is known about the extent of infection or diversity, of the causative agent Eimeria spp., in Algeria. Read More

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Should and will "cultured meat" become a reality in our plates?

Adv Food Nutr Res 2022 25;101:181-212. Epub 2022 May 25.

INRAE, University of Clermont-Ferrand, VetAgro Sup, Saint Genès Champanelle, France.

Produced from proliferating cells in bioreactors with a controlled culture medium, "cultured meat" has been presented by its supporters, who are mainly private actors (start-ups), as a sustainable solution to meet the growing demand for animal proteins without weaknesses of animal husbandry in terms of environmental impact, animal welfare or even health. The aim of this chapter is to take stock of current knowledge on the potential benefits and pitfalls of this novel product. Since robust scientific arguments are lacking on these aspects, there is no consensus on the health and nutritional qualities of "cultured meat" for human consumption and on its potential low environmental impact. Read More

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Early immune response of two common carp breeds to koi herpesvirus infection.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2022 Aug 5;128:206-215. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Department of Infection Diseases and Preventive Medicine, Veterinary Research Institute, Brno, 621 00, Czech Republic. Electronic address:

Economic importance of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) increases every year. Viral diseases are major threat for carp aquaculture and cause significant economic losses. Read More

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Integrating optimization and damage estimation to increase economic benefit and ensure food security under seasonal land variability.

J Environ Manage 2022 Aug 5;320:115872. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati, Assam, 781039, India.

Rapidly increasing population and rising food demand necessitates expansion of agricultural mainland. However, with accelerated urbanization, agricultural land resources are difficult to expand. The riverine sandbars offer a vast fertile terrain that is conducive to agricultural food production and could support the global food demands despite urbanization. Read More

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The relationship among avian influenza, gut microbiota and chicken immunity: an updated overview.

Poult Sci 2022 Jun 26;101(9):102021. Epub 2022 Jun 26.

Department of Biology, College of Science, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, 15551, United Arab Emirates; Khalifa Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, 15551, United Arab Emirates; Harry Butler Institute, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia, 6150, Australia. Electronic address:

The alimentary tract in chickens plays a crucial role in immune cell formation and immune challenges, which regulate intestinal flora and sustain extra-intestinal immunity. The interaction between pathogenic microorganisms and the host commensal microbiota as well as the variety and integrity of gut microbiota play a vital role in health and disease conditions. Thus, several studies have highlighted the importance of gut microbiota in developing immunity against viral infections in chickens. Read More

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First Report of Strawberry Wilt Caused by Fusarium oxysporum Schltdl. in Jordan.

Plant Dis 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

The University of Jordan, Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Amman, Amman, Jordan;

Strawberries (Fragaria ananassa Duch.) are grown in Jordan year round due to the diversity of climatic conditions and the possibility of growing local or foreign varieties. More than six thousand greenhouses are planted with strawberries in the highlands and the Jordan Valley. Read More

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Efficacy of Acidified Oils against in Low-Moisture Environments.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2022 Aug 8:e0093522. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Food Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA.

When processing low-moisture, high-fat foods such as peanut butter and nuts, water-based sanitization is unsuitable due to the immiscible nature of water and fats. Dry sanitization mainly uses flammable compounds such as isopropanol, requiring equipment cooling before application. The use of oils to deliver antimicrobials against foodborne pathogens enables the use of elevated temperatures, thus eliminating processing downtimes associated with dry sanitization. Read More

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The Bombyx mori Nucleopolyhedrovirus GP64 Retains the Transmembrane Helix of Signal Peptide to Contribute to Secretion across the Cytomembrane.

Microbiol Spectr 2022 Aug 8:e0191322. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Sericultural Biology and Biotechnology, School of Biotechnology, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.

Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) is the primary pathogen of silkworms that causes severe economic losses in sericulture. GP64 is the key membrane fusion protein that mediates budded virus (BV) fusion with the host cell membrane. Previously, we found that the n-region of the GP64 signal peptide (SP) is required for protein secretion and viral pathogenicity; however, our understanding of BmNPV GP64 remains limited. Read More

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Virome Analysis for Identification of a Novel Porcine Sapelovirus Isolated in Western China.

Microbiol Spectr 2022 Aug 8:e0180122. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Institute of Urban Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu, China.

Diarrhea is one of the most important problems associated with the production of piglets, which have a wide range of possible pathogens. This study identified a strain of porcine sapelovirus (PSV) by using next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies as the pathogen among fecal samples in a pig herd. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the PSV isolates shared a unique polyprotein and clustered with Chinese isolates identified before 2013. Read More

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Gross, histopathologic, microbiologic, and radiologic characterization of lesions associated with clinical lameness in a cohort of group-housed sows euthanized for lameness.

Vet Pathol 2022 Aug 8:3009858221114470. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

University of Pennsylvania, Kennett Square, PA.

Lameness in sows is reported as the most frequent cause of early culling from commercial farms and results in reduced productivity, economic losses, and a negative impact on animal welfare. Osteochondrosis was reported as the leading cause of lameness in North American sows and, although more recent European studies report infectious arthritis as the leading cause, lameness in US production facilities using group housing for gestating sows has not yet been evaluated. This study's aim was to characterize lesions associated with lameness in the appendicular musculoskeletal system of 26 sows euthanized for lameness using pathologic, radiologic, and microbiologic analyses. Read More

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A Bayesian Modeling Approach to Examine the Role of Testosterone Administration on the Endowment Effect and Risk-Taking.

Front Neurosci 2022 20;16:858168. Epub 2022 Jul 20.

Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Faculty of Medicine, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

Financial risk-taking and loss aversion are multifaceted phenomena that are the focus of neuroscience, psychology, and economics research. A growing number of studies highlighted the role of hormones (particularly of testosterone) on socio-economic decision-making. However, the effects of testosterone on risk-taking under framing and consumer-based choices and preferences are inconclusive. Read More

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Risk factors associated with cassava brown streak disease dissemination through seed pathways in Eastern D.R. Congo.

Front Plant Sci 2022 22;13:803980. Epub 2022 Jul 22.

Plant Pathology Laboratory, TERRA-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, University of Liège, Gembloux, Belgium.

Vegetatively propagated crops are particularly prone to disease dissemination through their seed systems. Strict phytosanitary measures are important to limit the impact of diseases as illustrated by the potato seed system in Europe. Cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) is a devastating disease caused by two viral species collectively named cassava brown streak viruses (CBSVs). Read More

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Novel and Alternative Therapeutic Strategies for Controlling Avian Viral Infectious Diseases: Focus on Infectious Bronchitis and Avian Influenza.

Front Vet Sci 2022 22;9:933274. Epub 2022 Jul 22.

Heilongjiang Key Laboratory for Animal and Comparative Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China.

The growth of poultry farming has enabled higher spread of infectious diseases and their pathogens among different kinds of birds, such as avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) and avian influenza virus (AIV). IBV and AIV are a potential source of poultry mortality and economic losses. Furthermore, some pathogens have the ability to cause zoonotic diseases and impart human health problems. Read More

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Selection of internal reference gene for normalization of reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis in .

Front Vet Sci 2022 22;9:934907. Epub 2022 Jul 22.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, China.

is the etiological agent of swine enzootic pneumonia (EP), which resulting in considerable economic losses in pig farming globally. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) is a major tool for gene expression studies. However, no internal reference genes for normalization of RT-qPCR data of have been reported. Read More

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Differential expression of miRNAs in the body wall of the sea cucumber under heat stress.

Front Physiol 2022 21;13:929094. Epub 2022 Jul 21.

Key Laboratory of Sustainable and Development of Marine Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao, China.

MicroRNAs, as one of the post-transcriptional regulation of genes, play an important role in the development process, cell differentiation and immune defense. The sea cucumber is an important cold-water species, known for its excellent nutritional and economic value, which usually encounters heat stress that affects its growth and leads to significant economic losses. However, there are few studies about the effect of miRNAs on heat stress in sea cucumbers. Read More

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