63,057 results match your criteria economic benefits


Impact of China's waste import policy on the scrap copper recovery pattern and environmental benefits.

Waste Manag 2021 Sep 22;135:287-297. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Research Center for Central China Economic and Social Development, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, PR China; School of Economics and Management, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, PR China. Electronic address:

The international trade weight of scrap copper has exceeded 6 million tons annually over the past two decades. China introduced the "National Sword" policy in 2017, which brought uncertainty to the international recycling of scrap copper. We use the international scrap copper trade figures from 1998 to 2019 in UN Comtrade, and seek to analyze the impact of China's import ban by setting up a difference-in-differences (DID) model based on the gravity model. Read More

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September 2021

Managing water sustainability in textile industry through adaptive multiple stakeholder collaboration.

Water Res 2021 Sep 10;205:117655. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; Center for Ecological Civilization, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.

Textile manufacturing poses pressing challenges on water sustainability characterized by intensive chemical consumption and waterborne pollution. Industrial clustering is a hallmark of textile industry development, featuring a two-stage wastewater treatment system consisting of in-plant and centralized treatment facilities. Driven by increasingly stringent wastewater discharge limits, three pillar stakeholders in textile industrial clusters, the local government, enterprises and environmental utility operators, seek for systematic countermeasures by balancing contradictory interests. Read More

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September 2021

Techno-economic analysis of livestock urine and manure as a microalgal growth medium.

Waste Manag 2021 Sep 21;135:276-286. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

School of Energy and Chemical Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, 50 UNIST-gil, Eonyang-eup, Ulju-gun, Ulsan 44919, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Microalgae have the potential to utilize the nutrients in livestock urine and manure (LUM) for the production of useful biomass, which can be used as a source of bioindustry. This study aims to evaluate the economic benefits of LUM feedstock that have not been clearly discussed before. Two types of photobioreactors were designed with a capacity of 200 m d. Read More

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September 2021

Impacts of irrigation efficiency on water-dependent sectors are heavily controlled by region-specific institutions and infrastructures.

J Environ Manage 2021 Sep 22;300:113731. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Farmers' investment in more efficient irrigation systems represents a primary adaptation strategy when confronting climate change. However, the regional benefits of these investments and their influence on the conflicting demands among different water dependent stakeholders for intensely irrigated regions remains an open question. Using the Pacific Northwest of the United States as an illustrative region of focus, we show that higher irrigation efficiency has diverse effects across stakeholders that are contingent on many local climatic, institutional and infrastructural factors such as the availability of water storage, the location of hydropower generators, and water rights. Read More

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September 2021

The MoveStrong program for promoting balance and functional strength training and adequate protein intake in pre-frail older adults: A pilot randomized controlled trial.

PLoS One 2021 24;16(9):e0257742. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Kinesiology and Health, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada.

Background: Balance and functional strength training can improve muscle strength and physical functioning outcomes and decrease the risk of falls in older adults. To maximize the benefits of strength training, adequate protein intake is also important. However, the number of older individuals that consume enough protein or routinely engage in strength training remains low at less than 5% and even lower for activities that challenge balance. Read More

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September 2021

Interventions to mitigate indoor air pollution: A cost-benefit analysis.

PLoS One 2021 24;16(9):e0257543. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

School of Accounting, Finance, and Economics, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.

Globally, around three billion people depend upon solid fuels such as firewood, dry animal dung, crop residues, or coal, and use traditional stoves for cooking and heating purposes. This solid fuel combustion causes indoor air pollution (IAP) and severely impairs health and the environment, especially in developing countries like Pakistan. A number of alternative household energy strategies can be adopted to mitigate IAP, such as using liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), natural gas, biogas, electric stoves, or improved cook stoves (ICS). Read More

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September 2021

A review of the operating parameters on the microbial fuel cell for wastewater treatment and electricity generation.

Water Sci Technol 2021 Sep;84(6):1309-1323

Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran E-mail:

Environmental and economic considerations suggest a more efficient and comprehensive use of biomass for bioenergy production. One of the most attractive technologies is the microbial fuel cell using the catabolic activity of microorganisms to generate electricity from organic matter. The microbial fuel cell (MFC) has operational benefits and higher performance than current technologies for producing energy from organic materials because it converts electricity from the substrate directly (at ambient temperature). Read More

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September 2021

Bridging the Energy Benefit and POPs Emission Risk from Waste Incineration.

Innovation (N Y) 2021 Feb 30;2(1):100075. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2871, Beijing 100085, China.

Incineration has been the globally controversial and concerned method of solid waste disposal. Energy recovery and volume reduction are the benefits from waste incineration, but risk due to release of persistent organic pollutants is the major public concern in the world. In this study, the emission of organic pollutants including dioxins and polychlorinated naphthalenes from solid waste incineration in China was comprehensively evaluated, and a relationship between energy benefit and pollutant emission was firstly established. Read More

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February 2021

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Seven Measures to Reduce Tail Biting Lesions in Fattening Pigs.

Front Vet Sci 2021 7;8:682330. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Research Centre for Animal Welfare, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Tail biting is an important animal welfare issue in the pig sector. Studies have identified various risk factors which can lead to biting incidents and proposed mitigation measures. This study focused on the following seven key measures which have been identified to affect the risk of tail biting lesions: improvements in straw provision, housing ventilation, genetics, stocking density, herd health, provision of point-source enrichment objects, and adoption of early warning systems. Read More

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September 2021

Collaborative management of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam increases economic benefits and resilience.

Nat Commun 2021 Sep 23;12(1):5622. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

The landscape of water infrastructure in the Nile Basin is changing with the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam. Although this dam could improve electricity supply in Ethiopia and its neighbors, there is a lack of consensus between Ethiopia, Sudan, and Egypt on the dam operation. We introduce a new modeling framework that simulates the Nile River System and Egypt's macroeconomy, with dynamic feedbacks between the river system and the macroeconomy. Read More

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September 2021

Outpatient labour induction.

Authors:
Chris Wilkinson

Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2021 Aug 25. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Women's and Children's Hospital, North Adelaide, 5006, South Australia, Australia; Robinson Institute, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, 5000, South Australia, Australia. Electronic address:

The inexorable rise in induction rates over the past two decades, in parallel with increasing medical costs and pressure to reduce length of stay, has led to marked logistic difficulties for health care workers, managers and planners. Maternity services are being overwhelmed by the need to allocate staff and delivery suite space for the scheduling and undertaking of induction processes, rather than focussing care for women in spontaneous labour. Induction of labour according to the majority of current protocols and guidelines necessitates increased length of stay and relatively aggressive use of oxytocin (to reduce the time expended in the labour ward from artificial rupture of membranes (AROM) to establishment of labour). Read More

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Economic comparison of an ear tag automated activity monitor for estrus detection with timed-AI in Holstein heifers.

Theriogenology 2021 Sep 16;175:155-162. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Agricultural Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, T6G 2P5, Canada. Electronic address:

The objective of this study was to compare the economic performance of an ear tag automated activity monitor system (AAM) versus a timed-AI (TAI) protocol in Holstein heifers. In total, 340 heifers were enrolled onto the study at 13.5 mo of age and randomly assigned to receive either an AAM (n = 170) or TAI (n = 170) protocol before breeding eligibility (D 0). Read More

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September 2021

Analysis of technical efficiency of smallholder tomato producers in Asaita district, Afar National Regional State, Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2021 23;16(9):e0257366. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Economics, College of Business and Economics, Samara University, Samara, Ethiopia.

The tomato had nutritional, economic and health benefits to the societies, however, its production and productivity were low in developing countries and particularly in Ethiopia. This might be due to technical inefficiency caused by institutional, governmental, and farmers related factors. Therefore this study tried to investigate the factors that affecting technical efficiency and estimating the mean level of technical efficiency of tomato producers in Asaita district, Afar Regional State, Ethiopia. Read More

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September 2021

Single use negative pressure wound therapy in vascular patients: clinical and economic outcomes.

J Wound Care 2021 Sep;30(9):705-710

Smith+Nephew, 101 Hessle Road, Hull, UK.

Objective: Surgical site complications (SSCs) such as dehiscence and infection are a common issue within vascular surgeries and are a key concern to payers and clinicians. It is estimated that occurrence of complications in vascular surgery can increment length of stay by 9.72 days and costs by £3776 per episode. Read More

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September 2021

Attitudes Toward the Environment and Use of Information and Communication Technologies to Address Environmental Health Risks in Marginalized Communities: Prospective Cohort Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Sep 23;23(9):e24671. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, United States.

Background: Information and communication technologies, including mobile health (mHealth), can help isolated communities address environmental health challenges. The Puerto Rican island of Culebra has faced multiple sociopolitical and economic factors that have distressed the island's environment and health. Culebrenses are technologically engaged and have demonstrated a use of technology that transcends socioeconomic barriers. Read More

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September 2021

The influence of community health on hospitals attainment of Magnet designation: Implications for policy and practice.

J Adv Nurs 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Division of Health Care Delivery Research, Mayo Clinic Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern, Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida, USA.

Aims: To determine if there is an association between better County Health Rankings and the increased odds of a hospital gaining Magnet designation in subsequent years (2014-2019) compared with counties with lower rankings.

Background: The Magnet hospital model is recognized to have a great effect on nurses, patients and organizational outcomes. Although Magnet hospital designation is a well-established structural marker for nursing excellence, the effect of County Health Rankings and subsequent hospital achievement of Magnet status is unknown. Read More

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September 2021

Crisis responses, opportunity and public authority during Covid-19's first wave in Uganda, the Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan.

Disasters 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

London School of Economics and Political Science, UK.

Discussions of African responses to Covid-19 have focussed on the state and its international backers. Far less is known about the role of a wider range of public authorities, including chiefs, professional associations, faith-based and civil society organisations, humanitarians, criminal gangs, local security services and armed groups. We begin to fill this gap by investigating how the pandemic provided opportunities for claims to and contests over power in areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda and South Sudan. Read More

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September 2021

A Useful and Sustainable Role for N-of-1 Trials in the Healthcare Ecosystem.

Clin Pharmacol Ther 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Hans-Georg Eichler, MD, Regulatory Science and Innovation Task Force, European Medicines Agency (EMA), and Medical University of Vienna, The Netherlands, Vienna, Austria.

Clinicians and patients often try a treatment for an initial period to inform longer-term therapeutic decisions. A more rigorous approach involves N-of-1 trials. In these single-patient crossover trials, typically conducted in patients with chronic conditions, individual patients are given candidate treatments in a double-blinded, random sequence of alternating periods to determine the most effective treatment for that patient. Read More

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September 2021

The Efficiency of U.S. Public Space Utilization During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Risk Anal 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

School of Economics and Management, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Aglantzia, Cyprus.

The COVID-19 pandemic has called for and generated massive novel government regulations to increase social distancing for the purpose of reducing disease transmission. A number of studies have attempted to guide and measure the effectiveness of these policies, but there has been less focus on the overall efficiency of these policies. Efficient social distancing requires implementing stricter restrictions during periods of high viral prevalence and rationing social contact to disproportionately preserve gatherings that produce a good ratio of benefits to transmission risk. Read More

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September 2021

A review on the industrial solid waste application in pelletizing additives: Composition, mechanism and process characteristics.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Aug 30;423(Pt B):127056. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Science and Technology, Taiyuan, 030024, PR China.

Reducing the cost of pellet additives as a substitute for reducing bentonite binder is an important research direction of new pellet additives. There are some industrial solid wastes that have the similar physical and chemical properties to bentonite, and SiO content of them may be much lower than bentonite, but also contains a lot of FeO, AlO, MgO, BO and other components beneficial to the quality of pellets, which have been paid more attention by many pellet workers. In this review, the effect mechanism of FeO, NaO/KO, AlO, SiO, CaO, MgO and BO in the industrial solid wastes on the fired strength and reduction expansion of pellets were systematically summarized. Read More

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A review of blasting waste generation and management in the ship repair industry.

J Environ Manage 2021 Sep 20;300:113714. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

CHEC Research Center, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Building 229, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark. Electronic address:

Solid blasting waste generated from coating removal during ship repair and maintenance poses environmental challenges. This paper presents a review of the generation, characterization, and treatment of blasting waste in the ship repair industry. The quantities, properties, and environmental impacts of the generated blasting waste are summarized and analyzed, and the results indicate that blasting waste has a high generation rate and/or high toxicity. Read More

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September 2021

Management of Metadata Types in Basic Cardiological Research.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2021 Sep;283:59-68

Department of Medical Informatics, University Medical Center Göttingen (UMG), Göttingen, Germany.

Introduction: Ensuring scientific reproducibility and compliance with documentation guidelines of funding bodies and journals is a topic of greatly increasing importance in biomedical research. Failure to comply, or unawareness of documentation standards can have adverse effects on the translation of research into patient treatments, as well as economic implications. In the context of the German Research Foundation-funded collaborative research center (CRC) 1002, an IT-infrastructure sub-project was designed. Read More

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September 2021

Stakeholders' perspectives on the future of artificial intelligence in radiology: a scoping review.

Eur Radiol 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

McMaster University, 1280 Main St W, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L8, Canada.

Objectives: Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to impact clinical practice and healthcare delivery. AI is of particular significance in radiology due to its use in automatic analysis of image characteristics. This scoping review examines stakeholder perspectives on AI use in radiology, the benefits, risks, and challenges to its integration. Read More

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September 2021

Socioeconomic and environmental effects of soybean production in metacoupled systems.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 20;11(1):18662. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48823, USA.

Human-environment interactions within and across borders are now more influential than ever, posing unprecedented sustainability challenges. The framework of metacoupling (interactions within and across adjacent and distant coupled human-environment systems) provides a useful tool to evaluate them at diverse temporal and spatial scales. While most metacoupling studies have so far addressed the impacts of distant interactions (telecouplings), few have addressed the complementary and interdependent effects of the interactions within coupled systems (intracouplings) and between adjacent systems (pericouplings). Read More

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September 2021

Constrained public benefits from global catch share fisheries.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 09;118(39)

Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.

Across publicly owned natural resources, the practice of recovering financial compensation, commonly known as resource rent, from extractive industries influences wealth distribution and general welfare of society. Catch shares are the primary approach adopted to diminish the economically wasteful race to fish by allocating shares of fish quotas-public assets-to selected fishing firms. It is perceived that resource rent is concentrated within catch share fisheries, but there has been no systematic comparison of rent-charging practices with other extractive industries. Read More

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September 2021

Recycling agricultural, municipal and industrial pollutant wastes into fertilizers for a sustainable healthy food production.

J Environ Manage 2021 Sep 17;300:113771. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of AGRARIA, "Mediterranea" University, Feo di Vito, 89122, Reggio Calabria, Italy.

This work was focused on recycling different typology of pollutant wastes (olive pomace and orange residues; municipal wastes and sulphur residue of hydrocarbon refining processes) with the triple objectives of limiting wastes in landfill, reducing greenhouse gas emission and producing organic-mineral fertilizers. The environmental risks and benefits of the whole process have been considered. The specific objectives were: 1) innovation in waste management techniques by reducing the accumulation of different typology of wastes using a unique process 2) verifying efficiency of the obtained organic-mineral fertilizers on soil and plant growth 3) improving soil and crop quality relating wastes to food, economy and environment. Read More

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September 2021

Biochar from constructed wetland biomass waste: A review of its potential and challenges.

Chemosphere 2021 Sep 14;287(Pt 3):132259. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

School of Environmental Science and Engineering/ Tianjin Key Lab of Biomass Waste Utilization, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, China; School of Science, Tibet University, Lhasa, 850012, Tibet Autonomous Region, China. Electronic address:

Constructed wetland is considered a promising approach for water remediation due to its high efficiency, low operation costs, and ecological benefits, but the large amounts of wetland plant biomass need to be properly harvested and utilized. Recently, wetland plant derived biochar has drawn extensive attention owing to its application potential. This paper provides an updated review on the production and characteristics of wetland plant derived biochar, and its utilization in soil improvement, carbon sequestration, environmental remediation, and energy production. Read More

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September 2021

Economic evaluation of the Happy Talk pilot effectiveness trial: A targeted selective speech, language and communication intervention for children from areas of social disadvantage.

Int J Speech Lang Pathol 2021 Sep 20:1-12. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Economics, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

This study presents a cost-effectiveness analysis of a targeted selective pre-school intervention programme, "Happy Talk", which focuses on language development, by simultaneously enhancing parental interaction and the pre-school environment. Happy Talk (delivered to 77 children) is an add on intervention, and is compared to usual care, adopting a healthcare perspective. Cost-effectiveness analyses were carried out using the Pre-school Language Scale 5- Total (PLS-5) for baseline analysis and the Child Health Utility Instrument (CHU9D) in a secondary analysis. Read More

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September 2021

Absolute Versus Relative Success: Why Overconfidence Creates an Inefficient Equilibrium.

Psychol Sci 2021 Sep 20:9567976211007414. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Economics, University of Technology Sydney.

Overconfidence is one of the most ubiquitous biases in the social sciences, but the evidence regarding its overall costs and benefits is mixed. To test the possibility that overconfidence might yield important relative benefits that offset its absolute costs, we conducted an experiment ( = 298 university students) in which pairs of participants bargained over the unequal allocation of a prize that was earned through a joint effort. We manipulated confidence using a binary noisy signal to investigate the causal effect of negotiators' beliefs about their relative contribution to the outcome of the negotiation. Read More

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September 2021

Using predicted length of stay to define treatment and model costs in hospitalized adults with serious illness: an evaluation of palliative care.

Health Econ Rev 2021 Sep 20;11(1):38. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Massey Cancer Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.

Background: Economic research on hospital palliative care faces major challenges. Observational studies using routine data encounter difficulties because treatment timing is not under investigator control and unobserved patient complexity is endemic. An individual's predicted LOS at admission offers potential advantages in this context. Read More

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September 2021