189,966 results match your criteria echocardiography admission

Ensure an "Ultrasound Window" on the Patient's Neck to Evaluate Cerebral Blood Flow!

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Pediatric Anesthesiology, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) does not provide information about changes in oxygenation in whole-brain areas. Although the branching vessels of the aortic arch are not always easy to identify using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), the blood flow status of cervical arteries can always be assessed by applying an ultrasound probe via the "ultrasound window" on the patient's neck, which can be ensured by devising alternative insertion approaches of the central venous catheter. This method is very simple but compensates for the limitations of the combination of NIRS and TEE, especially during cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass management using selective cerebral perfusion. Read More

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[Cardiac diagnostics after ischemic stroke or transitory ischemic attack].

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2021 Jun 15;146(12):801-808. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Stroke is the most common cause of permanent disability and one of the most common causes of death. Cardio-embolic strokes are associated with a poor prognosis and a high risk of recurrence compared to other stroke etiologies. The most common source of cardiac embolism is atrial fibrillation which must be quickly identified to optimize secondary stroke prevention. Read More

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Direct 3D ultrasound fusion for transesophageal echocardiography.

Comput Biol Med 2021 May 21;134:104502. Epub 2021 May 21.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital and Laboratory of Cardiac Imaging and 3D Printing, Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Science, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Background: Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3D TEE) has been increasingly used in clinic for fast 3D analysis of cardiac anatomy and function. However, 3D TEE still suffers from the limited field of view (FoV). It is challenging to adopt conventional multi-view fusion methods to 3D TEE images because feature-based registration methods tend to fail in the ultrasound scenario, and conventional intensity-based methods have poor convergence properties and require an iterative coarse-to-fine strategy. Read More

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Echocardiographic predictors of cardioembolic stroke due to underlying atrial fibrillation: Reliable left atrial remodeling signs in acute stroke.

J Neurol Sci 2021 Jun 1;427:117514. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Neurology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Japan.

Introduction: Atrial remodeling due to high-burden atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with cardioembolic stroke (CES). As not all CESs is caused by AF, we analyzed the diagnostic values of each echocardiographic parameter to distinguish likely AF-related CES in acute stroke patients while in non-AF rhythm.

Methods: The data of consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke in sinus rhythm between 2012 and 2015 were obtained. Read More

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Neutrophil degranulation biomarkers characterize restrictive echocardiographic pattern with diastolic dysfunction in patients with diabetes.

Eur J Clin Invest 2021 Jun 15:e13640. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

First Clinic of internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Genoa, 6 viale Benedetto XV, 16132, Genoa, Italy.

Objective: investigating the potential association between neutrophils degranulation and patterns of myocardial dysfunction in a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Background: Two distinct phenotypes of diabetic cardiomyopathy have been described: a restrictive phenotype with diastolic dysfunction (restrictive/DD) and a dilative phenotype with systolic dysfunction (dilative/SD). However, the underlying determinants of these two patterns are not yet recognized METHODS: In this single-center, observational, cross-sectional study 492 patients were recruited. Read More

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Cardiac Amyloidosis: Multimodal Imaging of Disease Activity and Response to Treatment.

Circ Cardiovasc Imaging 2021 Jun 15;14(6):e009025. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Amyloidosis Center, Department of Radiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, MA (F.L.R.).

Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is a disease characterized by the deposition of misfolded protein deposits in the myocardial interstitium. Although advanced CA confers significant morbidity and mortality, the magnitude of deposition and ensuing clinical manifestations vary greatly. Thus, an improved understanding of disease pathogenesis at both cellular and functional levels would afford critical insights that may improve outcomes. Read More

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COVID-19 in a Subset of Hospitalized Children in Israel.

J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Infectious Disease and Infection Control Unit, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel.

Background: Most pediatric coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is mild. We assessed nationally severe COVID-19, including pediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome (PIMS), in hospitalized children.

Methods: An ongoing, prospective, national surveillance was conducted from March 2020 through March 2021, at 20 hospitals treating children <18 years across Israel (~75% of Israeli hospitals). Read More

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Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus mimicking benign cardiac tumour of the mitral valve.

Cardiovasc J Afr 2021 May 7;32:1-4. Epub 2021 May 7.

Echocardiography and Vascular Ultrasound Center, the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Email:

Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus (CCMA) is a rare subtype of mitral annular calcification. It usually appears as a large, round, mass-like calcification with an echolucent core, which may be misdiagnosed as an intracardiac mass, cyst, thrombus or abscess of the mitral valve. We present a case report of CCMA that was misdiagnosed by echocardiography as a benign tumour due to its atypical imaging. Read More

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Clinical and echocardiographic findings in a cross-sectional study of HIV-infected adults in Enugu, Nigeria.

Cardiovasc J Afr 2021 May 12;32:1-7. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) are implicated in cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical and echocardiographic findings in HIV-infected adults.

Methods: One hundred HIV subjects on HAART, 100 HAART-naïve patients and 100 controls were recruited in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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Myocardial strain and left ventricular geometry: a meta- echocardiographic studies in systemic hypertension.

J Hypertens 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

University Hospital 'Dr Dragisa Misovic - Dedinje' Department of Cardiology, Belgrade, Serbia Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milano and Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore IRCCS Policlinico di Milano Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy.

Aim: Evidence on systolic dysfunction, as assessed by left ventricular (LV) mechanics, in hypertensive heart disease phenotyped by abnormal LV geometric patterns is still limited. Thus, we performed a systematic meta-analysis of 2D/3D speckle-tracking studies in order to provide an updated comprehensive information on this topic.

Methods: The PubMed, OVID-MEDLINE, and Cochrane library databases were analyzed to search for articles published from the inception up to 31 January 2021. Read More

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A novel method for the noninvasive estimation of cardiac output with brachial oscillometric blood pressure measurements through an assessment of arterial compliance.

Blood Press Monit 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Centro Clínico y de Investigación SICOR (Soluciones Integrales en Riesgo Cardiovascular) Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia Cellular and Molecular Biology Unit, Corporación para Investigaciones Biológicas, Medellín, Colombia.

Objective: To propose and validate a new method for estimating cardiac output based on the total arterial compliance (Ct) formula that does not need an arterial waveform and to apply it to brachial oscillometric blood pressure measurements (OBPMs).

Methods: One hundred subjects with normal heart anatomy and function were included. Reference values for cardiac output were measured with echocardiography, and Ct was calculated with a two-element Windkessel model. Read More

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18th International Conference on Cardiology, Diabetology, Electrocardiology and Critical Care, January 23-24, 2021 (Virtual Conference).

Echocardiography 2021 Jun;38(6):1093-1094

Manoria Heart and Critical Care Hospital, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

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Relations between left atrial appendage contrast retention and thromboembolic risk in patients with atrial fibrillation.

J Thromb Thrombolysis 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Cardiology, the Sixth Medical Centre, Chinese PLA General Hospital, 28 Fuxing Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100853, China.

Left atrial appendage (LAA), a blind pouch, accounts for more than 90% of the source of cardiac thrombus formation. Contrast retention (CR) in the LAA has been frequently observed during left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) procedures, especially in patients with stroke history. This study was designed to assess the relations between LAA contrast retention and thrombogenesis risk of the LAA in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Read More

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Associations between menopause, cardiac remodeling, and diastolic function: the CARDIA study.

Menopause 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD Department of Epidemiology, Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health, Birmingham, AL National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.

Objectives: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) affects more women than men. Menopause may influence HFpEF development in women. We assessed cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between menopause and echocardiographic measures of left ventricular (LV) function and cardiac remodeling. Read More

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TrueVue transillumination volume rendering for three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography in interventional imaging.

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Heart Center, University Hospital of Zurich, Rämistrasse, Switzerland IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milano, Italy Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Hospital São Lucas da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil HerzZentrum Hirslanden Zurich, Zurich Heart Surgery Department, Cardiocentro Ticino Ambulatory Heart Clinic, Othmarsingen, Switzerland.

Aims: The aim of the present article is to address the advantages of real-time TrueVue transillumination rendering for three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography in the context of echocardiographic procedural guidance for structural interventions for several procedural concerns.

Methods: Procedures in which transillumination imaging was used during at least one step of the whole intervention were retrospectively collected; the loops were reviewed by an experienced imaging specialist and the most important concerns imaged in the loops were listed. The apparent added value of transillumination for each of these concerns was scored independently by two imager specialists, and their agreement was derived. Read More

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Community burden of aortic valve disease.

Heart 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Cardiology Department, AP-HP, Bichat Hospital and Université de Paris, Paris, France.

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Coagulation derangement and risk factors for valve thrombosis following transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

Open Heart 2021 Jun;8(1)

Cardiovascular Division, School of Life Science and Medicine, King's College London, London, UK.

Aims: Durability of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is key to its expansion. We sought to identify incidence of valve thrombosis and predictors of valve thrombosis in our single centre with associated coagulation testing pre-TAVI and post-TAVI.

Methods And Results: This single-centre observational study comprised patients undergoing transfemoral TAVI discussed in the Heart Team meeting . Read More

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Deep Learning-Based Automated Echocardiographic Quantification of Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction: A Point-of-Care Solution.

Circ Cardiovasc Imaging 2021 Jun 15;14(6):e012293. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

University of Chicago, IL (V.M.-A., R.M.L.).

Background: We have recently tested an automated machine-learning algorithm that quantifies left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) from guidelines-recommended apical views. However, in the point-of-care (POC) setting, apical 2-chamber views are often difficult to obtain, limiting the usefulness of this approach. Since most POC physicians often rely on visual assessment of apical 4-chamber and parasternal long-axis views, our algorithm was adapted to use either one of these 3 views or any combination. Read More

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Promise and Frustration: Machine Learning in Cardiology.

Circ Cardiovasc Imaging 2021 Jun 15;14(6):e012838. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Translational Data Science and Informatics, Geisinger, Danville, PA (B.K.F., J.M.P.).

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[Clinical application value of transthoracic echocardiography during perioperative period in patients undergoing left ventricular assist device implantation].

Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 2021 Jun;49(6):610-614

Adult Cardiac Surgery Center, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100037, China.

To observe the changes of parameters derived from transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) before and after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation, and to evaluate the clinical value of TTE in the perioperative period of LVAD implantation. This is a retrospective study. The data of patients who underwent LVAD implantation in Fuwai Hospital from January 2018 to December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Read More

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[Clinical value of left ventricular strain analysis by cardiovascular magnetic resonance in patients with coronary chronic total occlusion].

Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 2021 Jun;49(6):601-609

Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029,China.

To explore the clinical value of quantitatively assessment of left ventricular strain in patients with coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR)-feature tracking (CMR-FT) technique. In this retrospective and observation study, patients with single CTO, who underwent CMR examination in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from November 2014 to January 2019, were selected as case group (CTO group), and those without cardiovascular diseases defined by echocardiography, electrocardiogram (ECG) and clinical history and with normal CMR results were selected as healthy control group (control group). General clinical data including age, gender, discharge diagnosis, and the examination results of echocardiography and ECG were obtained from the electronic medical record system. Read More

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[Clinical and genetic characteristics of different types of non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy].

Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 2021 Jun;49(6):593-600

Department of Cardiomyopathy, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100037, China State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Diseases, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100037, China.

To analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of clinical subtypes of non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). It was a cohort study. Patients with non-obstructive HCM admitted to Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, from January 1999 to April 2019 were enrolled. Read More

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Longitudinal Change in Myocardial Function and Clinical Parameters in Middle-Aged Subjects: A 3-Year Follow-up Study.

Diabetes Metab J 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is closely associated with the aging process. However, changes in metabolic conditions and cardiac function that occur in middle aged population remain unclear. We evaluated longitudinal changes in metabolic parameters and cardiac function during a 3-year period in subjects with suspected MetS. Read More

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The conundrum of Thiamine Responsive Acute Pulmonary Hypertension (TRAPH) syndrome in the Emergency Department.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Jun 7;49:185-188. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India. Electronic address:

Background: Management of acute pulmonary hypertension in the Emergency Department(ED) can be challenging. The treatment is specialised, requires rapid identification and correction of the precipitating cause; failing which the patient enters a vortex of deterioration. We describe a lesser-known cause for the same, Thiamine responsive acute pulmonary hypertension (TRAPH) syndrome where timely appropriate treatment can result in dramatic improvement. Read More

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Metoprolol attenuates intracerebral hemorrhage-induced cardiac damage by suppression of sympathetic overactivity in mice.

Auton Neurosci 2021 Jun 5;234:102832. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Neurology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin Neurological Institute, Key Laboratory of Post-Neurotrauma, Neurorepair, and Regeneration in Central Nervous System, Ministry of Education and Tianjin City, Tianjin 300052, China. Electronic address:

The high rates of mortality and disability resulting from intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are closely related to subsequent cardiac complications. The mechanisms underlying ICH-induced cardiac dysfunction are not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the role of sympathetic overactivity in mediating cardiac dysfunction post ICH in mice. Read More

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Echocardiography during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic - the impact of the vaccination program. A 2021 update of the expert opinion of the Working Group on Echocardiography of the Polish Cardiac Society.

Kardiol Pol 2021 ;79(5):595-603

Department of Congenital Heart Disease, National Institute of Cardiology, Warszawa, Poland.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic resulted in an urgent need to reorganize the work of echocardiography laboratories in order to ensure the safety of patients and the protection of physicians, technicians, and other staff members. In the previous Expert Opinion of the Working Group on Echocardiography of Polish Cardiac Society we provided recommendations for the echocardiographic services, in order to ensure maximum possible safety and efficiency of imagers facing epidemic threat. Now, with much better knowledge and larger experience in treating COVID-19 patients and with introduction of vaccination programs, we present updated recommendations for performing transthoracic and transesophageal examinations, including information on the potential impact of personnel and the patient vaccination program, and growing numbers of convalescents on performance of echocardiographic laboratories, with the goal of their ultimate reopening. Read More

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January 2021

Longitudinal assessment of cardiac function in extremely low birth weight children at 7 and 11 years of age: implications for adult medicine.

Kardiol Pol 2021 ;79(5):539-545

Department of Pediatrics, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland.

Background: The long-term impact of extreme prematurity on cardiac structure and function has not been fully evaluated.

Aims: The aim of the study was to assess cardiac condition at 11 years of age in a local cohort of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) children born between 2002 and 2004 and to compare it to a previous study in the same group at 7 years of age.

Methods: Sixty-four children with ELBW (median birth weight of 890 g) and 36 children born at full term underwent echocardiography and physical examination. Read More

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January 2021

Polish Multicenter Registry (Pol-LAS-SE registry). Stress echocardiography in low-gradient aortic stenosis in Poland: numbers, settings, results, complications and clinical practice.

Kardiol Pol 2021 ;79(5):517-524

Department of Cardiology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wrocław, Poland.

Background: The diagnostic workup of low-gradient aortic stenosis (LG AS) is a challenge in clinical practice.

Aims: Our goal was to assess the diagnostic value of stress echocardiography (SE) performed in patients with undefined LG AS with low and preserved ejection fraction (EF) and the impact of its result on therapeutic decisions in Polish third level of reference.

Methods: All the patients with LG AS and with SE performed were recruited in 16 Polish cardiology departments between 2016 and 2019. Read More

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January 2021

Dobutamine stress echocardiography for low gradient aortic stenosis: current practice in Poland.

Kardiol Pol 2021 ;79(5):491-492

Cardiothoracic Centre, Guy's and Saint Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

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January 2021

Improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction after pharmacological up-titration in new-onset heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.

Neth Heart J 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Cardiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Objective: Recent studies have reported suboptimal up-titration of heart failure (HF) therapies in patients with heart failure and a reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Here, we report on the achieved doses after nurse-led up-titration, reasons for not achieving the target dose, subsequent changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and mortality.

Methods: From 2012 to 2018, 378 HFrEF patients with a recent (< 3 months) diagnosis of HF were referred to a specialised HF-nurse led clinic for protocolised up-titration of guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT). Read More

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