156,746 results match your criteria eating

Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries in Southern Italy: An Epidemiological Study.

Int J Dent 2021 25;2021:5106473. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of General Surgery and Surgical-Medical Specialties, School of Dentistry, University of Catania, Via S. Sofia 78, Catania 95124, Italy.

The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of Early Childhood Caries (ECC) and oral habits among preschool children from a southern Italian cohort. The survey population consisted of 300 subjects randomly selected among children attending two kindergartens in Catania, Italy. The prevalence of ECC and oral habits were clinically evaluated. Read More

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Online or Offline? How Smog Pollution Affects Customer Channel Choice for Purchasing Fresh Food.

Front Psychol 2021 26;12:682981. Epub 2021 May 26.

School of Business Administration, Faculty of Business Administration, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu, China.

Due to fresh foods' unique characteristics, where quality, freshness, and perishability are the main concerns, consumers are more inclined to choose offline channels for purchasing foods. However, it is not well-understood how these behaviors are affected by the adverse external environment, e.g. Read More

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Identity Functioning and Eating Disorder Symptomatology: The Role of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies.

Front Psychol 2021 28;12:667235. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Psychology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Adolescence is the most critical life period for the development of eating disorder (ED) symptomatology. Although problems in identity functioning and emotion dysregulation have been proven important risk and maintaining factors of ED symptomatology, they have never been integrated in a longitudinal study. The present study is part of the Longitudinal Identity research in Adolescence (LIA)-study and aimed to uncover the temporal interplay between identity functioning, cognitive emotion regulation, and ED symptomatology in adolescence. Read More

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Editorial: Toward an Improved Understanding of Severe and Enduring Anorexia Nervosa.

Front Psychiatry 2021 28;12:698194. Epub 2021 May 28.

Charles Perkins Centre, InsideOut Institute, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, Australia.

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Improvements on Clinical Status of Adolescents With Anorexia Nervosa in Inpatient and Day Hospital Treatment: A Retrospective Pilot Study.

Front Psychiatry 2021 28;12:653482. Epub 2021 May 28.

Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Unit, Department of Neuroscience, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Istituto di ricovero e cura a carattere scientifico (IRCCS), Rome, Italy.

Medical and psychiatric complications and treatment compliance are important considerations in determining the treatment program for patients with severe anorexia nervosa (AN). Clinical practice guidelines agree that an outpatient program is the first choice for the treatment of most eating disorders, but vary in supporting these programs for AN. However, inpatient care is known to be costly and the risk of relapse and readmission is high. Read More

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Impending Transition From Pediatric to Adult Health Services: A Qualitative Study of the Experiences of Adolescents With Eating Disorders and Their Caregivers.

Front Psychiatry 2021 26;12:624942. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Pediatrics, McMaster Children's Hospital, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

There is a dearth of research that identifies pediatric to adult health care transition practices that yield positive outcomes for young people with eating disorders (EDs). Further, adolescent and caregiver perspectives are poorly understood and underrepresented in the literature. The purpose of this study, focused on the impending transition from pediatric to adult health services, was twofold: (a) to identify adolescent and caregiver perspectives of barriers and facilitators of a successful transition for adolescents with EDs; and (b) to understand adolescent and caregiver suggestions of interventions for a successful transition. Read More

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Prevalence of ApoB100 rs693 gene polymorphism in metabolic syndrome among female students at King Abdulaziz University.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Jun 25;28(6):3249-3253. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Apolipoprotein B100 (ApoB100) is a glycoprotein and a member of the adipokine family. It plays a central role in lipoprotein metabolism. Many research studies have revealed a strong relation between ApoB100 and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and insulin resistance. Read More

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Prevalence of Disordered Eating, Eating Disorders and Risk of Low Energy Availability in Professional, Competitive and Recreational Female Athletes based in the United Kingdom.

Eur J Sport Sci 2021 Jun 13:1-22. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

London Sports Institute, Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom.

Eating disorders (ED), disordered eating (DE) and low energy availability (LEA) can be detrimental to health and performance. Previous studies have independently investigated prevalence of ED, DE or LEA, however few combined methods have identified risk within female athletes. The aim of this study was to identify prevalence of ED, DE and LEA in UK-based female athletes and investigate whether associations exist between age, competition level and primary sport. Read More

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Participants' Views on Lifestyle Intervention Program Enhancing Long-Term Health-Related Behaviors Improvement among Prehypertension and/or Prediabetes Mellitus Older Adults: A Qualitative Study Examined in Thailand at Health Promoting Hospitals.

Inquiry 2021 Jan-Dec;58:469580211025209

Faculty of Nursing, Thaksin University, Phatthalung Campus, Thailand.

This study aimed to investigate the view of prediabetes and prehypertension elderly patients living around temple on long-term self-management in proficient way underneath the lifestyle intervention program based on both focus-group discussion and In-depth interview methods to fill the gap in partially successful intervention. 62 participants were selected from 220 participants of the quantitative published study by 2 researchers. The triangulation method was used to put great emphasis on the consistency and the credibility of the results. Read More

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A review of risk factors associated with insulin omission for weight loss in type 1 diabetes.

Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 2021 Jun 13:13591045211026142. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Department of Psychology, 4396Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.

Research suggests that as many as 60% of people with type 1 diabetes (T1D) admit to misusing insulin. Insulin omission (IO) for the purpose of weight loss, often referred to as diabulimia, is a behaviour becoming increasingly recognised, not least since prolonged engagement can lead to serious vascular complications and mortality. Several risk factors appear to be relevant to the development of IO, most notably gender, anxiety and depression and increased weight concerns and body dissatisfaction. Read More

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Racial/ethnic differences in dietary intake among a diverse sample of adolescents: An experimental study.

Pediatr Obes 2021 Jun 13:e12823. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California Irvine (UCI), Irvine, California, USA.

Background: African-American (AA) and Hispanic/Latina (HL) females have higher obesity prevalence than do non-Hispanic Whites (NHW); this may be due to AA and HL consuming more energy-dense foods in response to stressors.

Objectives: This study examined racial/ethnic differences in dietary intake under controlled conditions (relaxation and stress) in a diverse sample of adolescent females.

Methods: Participants included 120 adolescent females (30% AA, 37% HL and 33% NHW) who participated in a laboratory food intake study. Read More

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A Young Woman with Excessive Fat in Lower Extremities Develops Disordered Eating and Is Subsequently Diagnosed with Anorexia Nervosa, Lipedema, and Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Jun 14;22:e930840. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Endocrinology and Research, Total Lipedema Care, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

BACKGROUND Lipedema is a loose connective tissue disease that causes disproportionate subcutaneous fat accumulation on the extremities. As a result of the increased subcutaneous tissue accumulation, lipedema is often confused with obesity by both physicians and patients. Poor awareness and limited diagnosis of lipedema contribute to the confusion of lipedema with obesity and can lead to decreased body image acceptance. Read More

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Food intake, physical activity and quality of life among children and youth.

Work 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Ipam/Universidade Europeia -Laureate International Universities, Portugal.

Background: The health-related quality of life construct (QoL) implies a relationship with eating habits (EA) and physical activity (PA). Sociodemographic and anthropometric variables (gender, age and Body Mass Index - BMI) are highlighted in the definition of healthy lifestyle habits promotion strategies.

Objective: We aim to characterize and relate PA, EA and QoL in children/youth and explore gender, age and BMI influences. Read More

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Association between dietary phytochemical index and breast cancer: a case-control study.

Breast Cancer 2021 Jun 13. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 14155-6117, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Dietary intake of isoflavones has been positively associated with risk of breast cancer (BC) in some earlier studies. In addition, most studies on diet-disease associations came from western countries and limited data are available in the Middle-East.

Methods: This case-control study was performed on 350 women with BC aged over 30 years who were recruited from hospitals or private clinics in Isfahan, Iran. Read More

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How do people living with dementia perceive eating and drinking difficulties? A qualitative study.

Age Ageing 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Marie Curie Palliative Care Research Department, Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Eating and drinking problems are common among people living with later-stage dementia, yet few studies have explored their perspectives.

Objective: This study aimed to explore how people living with mild dementia understand possible future eating and drinking problems and their perspectives on assistance.

Design: Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews. Read More

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Beauty ideals, social media, and body positivity: A qualitative investigation of influences on body image among young women in Japan.

Body Image 2021 Jun 10;38:358-369. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

APPEAR, Department of Applied Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, USA; Department of Psychiatric Emergency & Acute Care, Lapeyronie Hospital, CHRU Montpellier, France. Electronic address:

Body image and eating concerns are prevalent among Japanese young women and result in part from exposure to unrealistic media imagery. In Western contexts, a growing body of research has explored the impact of social media on body image and eating disorder risk, and the potential for body positive media to mitigate these harmful effects. However, similar research in Japan is lacking. Read More

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Modeling the associations between internal body orientation, body appreciation, and intuitive eating among early-adult and middle-adult men and women: A multigroup structural invariance analysis.

Body Image 2021 Jun 10;39:1-15. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Ohio Wesleyan University, Department of Psychology, Phillips Hall 52, Delaware, OH, 43015, United States. Electronic address:

This cross-sectional study investigated the associations among internal body orientation, body appreciation, intuitive eating, age, and BMI in men and women between 30 and 70 years old as delineated in the acceptance model of intuitive eating. Self-report measures were administered to a final sample of 522 individuals consisting of early-adult men (ages 30-44; n = 153), middle-adult men (ages 45-70; n = 108), early-adult women (ages 30-44; n = 135), and middle-adult women (ages 45-70; n = 126). Overall mean age was 45. Read More

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Spatial distribution analysis of phospholipids in rice by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry imaging.

J Chromatogr A 2021 May 30;1651:462302. Epub 2021 May 30.

Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Chemistry of Northwestern Plant Resources and Key Laboratory for Natural Medicine of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China. Electronic address:

Phospholipids are one of the main nutrients in rice, which have a positive effect on cancer, coronary heart disease and inflammation. However, phospholipids will become small molecular volatile substances during the aging process of rice, resulting in change the flavor of rice. Therefore, mapping the concentration and the spatial distribution of phospholipids in rice are of tremendous significance in its function research. Read More

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Ferulic acid, a phytochemical with transient anorexigenic effects in birds.

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2021 Jun 10;259:111015. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Animal and Poultry Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA; School of Neuroscience, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA. Electronic address:

Ferulic acid (FA) is a phenolic acid found within the plant cell wall that has physiological benefits as an antioxidant. Although metabolic benefits of FA supplementation are described, lacking are reports of effects on appetite regulation. Thus, our objective was to determine if FA affects food or water intake, using chicks as a model. Read More

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The differential effects of viewing short-form online culinary videos of fruits and vegetables versus sweet snacks on adolescents' appetites.

Appetite 2021 Jun 10;166:105436. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department Communication Sciences, University of Antwerp, SM486- 2 Sint-Jacobstraat, 2000, Antwerp, Belgium. Electronic address:

Social media culinary videos are a prominent feature across various social media platforms and constitute one of many media platforms that expose audiences to food. Given that there is a link between exposure to food content through food media and nutrient intake, our study aimed to investigate the effects of exposure to social media culinary videos on adolescents' appetites. We conducted a pre- and posttest study with 126 middle school children (M = 13. Read More

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Normative misperceptions of unhealthy snacking amongst 11- to 12-year-old secondary school students.

Appetite 2021 Jun 10:105462. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

The Staffordshire Centre for Psychological Research, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 2DF, UK.

Younger adolescents are at an age where they have increasing control of their diet, and where peers become an important social reference for acceptable and normative dietary behaviours. These normative perceptions are often inaccurate and can lead to the development of unhealthy eating practices; although, the role of normative misperceptions of peers' unhealthy snacking behaviours in younger adolescents' personal snacking behaviours is not clear. The current study was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a social norms-based healthy eating intervention sampling two secondary schools in deprived areas of England. Read More

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Feed Concentrate Palatability in Welsh Ponies: Acceptance and Preference of Flavors.

J Equine Vet Sci 2021 Jul 16;102:103619. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Pancosma SA, ADM Group, A One Business Center, 1080 Rolle, Switzerland.

In horses, it is well established that nutrients and the palatability of feed material (odor and taste) play an important role in diet selection. For example, high-fiber feed taste is not well accepted by horses. Consequently, manufacturers have begun to supplement horse feed with flavors to mask feed bitterness, to overcome feed neophobia and to encourage water drinking. Read More

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Symptomatic eating epilepsy: two novel pediatric patients and review of literature.

Ital J Pediatr 2021 Jun 12;47(1):137. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Pediatric Neurology and Muscular Disease Unit, IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini", Genoa, Italy.

Eating epilepsy (EE) is a form of reflex epilepsy in which seizures are triggered by eating. It is a rare condition but a high prevalence has been reported in Sri Lanka. In EE, the ictal semiology includes focal seizures with or without secondary generalization or generalized seizures. Read More

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Eating-related pathology at the intersection of gender identity and expression, sexual orientation, and weight status: An intersectional Multilevel Analysis of Individual Heterogeneity and Discriminatory Accuracy (MAIHDA) of the Growing Up Today Study cohorts.

Soc Sci Med 2021 May 31;281:114092. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Ave North, Worcester, MA, 01655, USA. Electronic address:

The objective of this study was to investigate how gender identity, the overwhelmingly prioritized dimension of social identity/position in eating-related pathology research, intersects with gender expression, sexual orientation, and weight status to structure the social patterning of eating disorders and disordered eating behaviors among young people in the U.S. Data were drawn from the 2010/2011 Growing Up Today Study (GUTS; N = 11,090-13,307). Read More

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Addressing pediatric mental health using telehealth during COVID-19 and beyond: A narrative review.

Acad Pediatr 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, 15 Michigan Street NE, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 49503; Spectrum Health, Helen DeVos Children's Hospital, 100 Michigan Street NE, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 49503. Electronic address:

The pediatrician continues to serve as a frontline provider addressing patients' medical and mental health needs, yet COVID-19 is reshaping the way physicians deliver such care. Pediatricians are increasingly faced with the challenge of delivering healthcare, including mental health care, remotely. Given the rapidly evolving literature, we performed a narrative review of the use of telehealth for mental health care for pediatric populations during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Cognitive remediation therapy for anorexia nervosa as a rolling group intervention: Data from a longitudinal study in an eating disorders specialized inpatient unit.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Neuroscience, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Objective: Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) has been proposed as an add-on treatment approach that could increase the engagement in treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN) patients and reduce maintaining factors, but prior studies have evaluated CRT in individual and group settings, difficult protocols for rehabilitation settings. Our aim is to evaluate the CRT rolling protocol implementation in an inpatient specialised unit.

Methods: A historical longitudinal controlled study was designed to include 31 AN patients for the CRT program, and 28 AN patients treated as usual. Read More

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Chronobiological evaluation and an intervention study on timing of food intake in the treatment of obesity.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 12:e14502. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Family Medicine, Düzce University Medical Faculty, Duzce, Turkey.

Background: The chronotype of patients who cannot reach their ideal weight despite diet and exercise may play a role in this resistance. In this study, the relationship between BMI and chronobiological preferences was examined and a weight loss program was applied to refractory obese patients with evening type (ET).

Method: The study included 50 obese (BMI≥30 kg/m ), 50 overweight (BMI=25-29 kg/m ), and 50 normal normal-weight (BMI<25 kg/m ). Read More

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Obesity in early onset breast cancer in African American patients.

Breast J 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Medical Oncology, Thomas Jefferson University, Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson Health, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Obesity is a modifiable risk factor in breast cancer patients and is predictive of disease outcomes in early-onset breast cancer survivors. The purpose of this review is to summarize the current evidence in the association between early-onset breast cancer and obesity, specifically in African-American women. Reviewing the molecular mechanisms and social determinants of disease in this population can provide a foundation for future interventions in prevention, detection, and treatment aiming at improving outcomes for young breast cancer patients. Read More

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Nutrition status of adults with phenylketonuria treated with pegvaliase.

Mol Genet Metab 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Met Ed, Boulder, CO 80302, United States.

Background: Pegvaliase is an enzyme substitution therapy that reduces blood phenylalanine (Phe) in adults with phenylketonuria (PKU), and often allows normalization of protein intake (≥0.8 g protein/kg). Here we examine the nutrition status of adults with PKU consuming a normal protein intake without medical food after being treated with pegvaliase for ≥1 year. Read More

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Comparing Online and In-Store Grocery Purchases.

J Nutr Educ Behav 2021 Jun;53(6):471-479

Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; Channing Division of Network Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

Objective: To describe the grocery shopping patterns of people who shopped both online and in-store and evaluate whether shoppers purchased fewer unhealthy, impulse-sensitive items online.

Design: Secondary analysis of 44 weeks of grocery transaction data collected for fruit and vegetable incentive trials in 2 Maine supermarkets.

Participants: A total of 137 primary household shoppers who shopped at least once in-store and online (curbside pickup) for 5,573 total transactions MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES AND ANALYSIS: Paired t tests and descriptive analyses compared online and in-store transactions with respect to frequency, total spending, number of items purchased, and spending on 10 food groups and 34 subgroups. Read More

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