45,435 results match your criteria eating studies


Folate and vitamin B12 status: associations with maternal glucose and neonatal DNA methylation sites related to dysglycaemia, in pregnant women with obesity.

J Dev Orig Health Dis 2021 May 11:1-9. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Women and Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, King's College London, London, UK.

Recent studies implicate maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in differential methylation of infant DNA. Folate and vitamin B12 play a role in DNA methylation, and these vitamins may also influence GDM risk. The aims of this study were to determine folate and vitamin B12 status in obese pregnant women and investigate associations between folate and vitamin B12 status, maternal dysglycaemia and neonatal DNA methylation at cytosine-phosphate-guanine sites previously observed to be associated with dysglycaemia. Read More

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Pattern analysis of vegan eating reveals healthy and unhealthy patterns within the vegan diet.

Public Health Nutr 2021 May 11:1-33. Epub 2021 May 11.

Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, I. M. Marsh Campus, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom L17 6BD.

Objective: This study aimed to identify the types of foods that constitute a vegan diet and establish patterns within the diet. Dietary pattern analysis, a key instrument for exploring the correlation between health and disease was used to identify patterns within the vegan diet.

Design: A modified version of the EPIC-Norfolk food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was created and validated to include vegan foods and launched on social media. Read More

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Emotion dysregulation moderates the relationship between alcohol use and eating pathology among heavy-drinking college men.

J Clin Psychol 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA.

Objectives: There is limited research examining the relationship between alcohol use and eating pathology in men or factors that may moderate this association. The current study investigated the relationship between alcohol use and eating pathology, and examined emotion dysregulation as a moderator of this association, among heavy-drinking college men.

Method: Men mandated to receive an alcohol intervention (N = 88; average age = 19 years) completed questionnaires related to alcohol use, emotion dysregulation, and eating pathology. Read More

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The validation of a Farsi version of the Clinical Impairment Assessment (F-CIA) among Iranian adolescent boys and girls.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, 361 Windermere Road, London, ON, N6A 3K7, Canada.

Purpose: Although some studies have been conducted to examine general psychosocial impairment in Iran, there is no research to date on clinical impairment secondary to disordered eating in Iranian adolescents. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Farsi version of the Clinical Impairment Assessment (F-CIA) among Iranian adolescents.

Methods: A total of 1112 adolescents (age = 15. Read More

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Integrating User-Centered Design and Behavioral Science to Design a Mobile Intervention for Obesity and Binge Eating: Mixed Methods Analysis.

JMIR Form Res 2021 May 10;5(5):e23809. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States.

Background: Accounting for how end users engage with technologies is imperative for designing an efficacious mobile behavioral intervention.

Objective: This mixed methods analysis examined the translational potential of user-centered design and basic behavioral science to inform the design of a new mobile intervention for obesity and binge eating.

Methods: A total of 22 adults (7/22, 32% non-Hispanic White; 8/22, 36% male) with self-reported obesity and recurrent binge eating (≥12 episodes in 3 months) who were interested in losing weight and reducing binge eating completed a prototyping design activity over 1 week. Read More

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Effect of interaction between obesity-promoting genetic variants and behavioral factors on the risk of obese phenotypes.

Mol Genet Genomics 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Molecular Biology and Human Genetics Laboratory, Dr. Panjwani Center for Molecular Medicine and Drug Research (PCMD), International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS), University of Karachi, Karachi, 75270, Pakistan.

The studies investigating gene-gene and gene-environment (or gene-behavior) interactions provide valuable insight into the pathomechanisms underlying obese phenotypes. The Pakistani population due to its unique characteristics offers numerous advantages for conducting such studies. In this view, the current study was undertaken to examine the effects of gene-gene and gene-environment/behavior interactions on the risk of obesity in a sample of Pakistani population. Read More

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Psychiatric disorders as risk factors for type 2 diabetes: an umbrella review of systematic reviews with and without meta-analyses.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2021 May 6:108855. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Psychology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; STENO Diabetes Centre Odense, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark; School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia. Electronic address:

Having a psychiatric disorder may increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes[T2D] and this umbrella review aims to determine whether people with a psychiatric disorder have an increased risk of developing T2D and to investigate potential underlying mechanisms. A literature search was performed to identify systematic reviews of longitudinal studies investigating different psychiatric disorders as risk factors for incident T2D in humans (≥18 years). A total of 8,612 abstracts were identified, 180 full-text articles were read, and 25 systematic reviews were included. Read More

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An investigation of the diet, exercise, sleep, BMI, and health outcomes of autistic adults.

Mol Autism 2021 May 8;12(1):31. Epub 2021 May 8.

Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18B Trumpington Road, Cambridge, England, CB2 8AH.

Background: Studies of autistic children suggest that restricted eating, reduced physical activity, and sleep disorders are common; however, no studies attempt to broadly describe the diet, exercise, and sleep patterns of autistic adults or consider relationships between lifestyle behaviors and the widely reported increased risks of obesity and chronic conditions. To address this, the authors developed the largest study of lifestyle patterns of autistic adults and assessed their relationships to body mass index, health outcomes, and family history.

Methods: We administered an anonymized, online survey to n = 2386 adults (n = 1183 autistic) aged 16-90 years of age. Read More

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Examining the validity and consistency of the Adult Eating Behaviour Questionnaire-Español (AEBQ-Esp) and its relationship to BMI in a Mexican population.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9NL, UK.

Purpose: Appetitive traits in adults and their associations with weight can be measured using the Adult Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (AEBQ). The aim of this study was to confirm the factor structure of the Spanish AEBQ (AEBQ-Esp) in a Mexican sample and explore associations between the eight traits with body mass index (BMI).

Method: A sample of 1023 adults, mean age of 36. Read More

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Diurnal rhythms and obesity.

Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This review will discuss the recent studies that implicate disturbed diurnal rhythms with the development of obesity. The second part of the review will discuss studies that use feeding time to restore diurnal rhythms and rescue obesity.

Recent Findings: Studies in patients with obesity and diabetes reveal attenuated circadian and metabolic rhythms in adipose tissue. Read More

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for the Eating Disorders.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2021 May;17:417-438

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA; email:

Research findings strongly suggest that cognitive behavioral therapy for the eating disorders (CBT-ED) is more effective than other treatments for bulimia nervosa (BN) and for binge eating disorder (BED), although interpersonal psychotherapy appears to be equally effective for BED. Evidence for the effectiveness of CBT-ED for the persistent (adult) form of anorexia nervosa (AN) is insufficient at present and is essentially absent for AN in adolescents except for some evidence from uncontrolled trials. This article begins with an overview of the early studies in the development of CBT-ED that showed a similar effectiveness of other symptom-focused psychotherapies-a finding that was neglected at the time. Read More

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Baby-led weaning in Italy and potential implications for infant development.

Appetite 2021 May 4:105286. Epub 2021 May 4.

Deparment of Psychology, College of Health and Life Sciences, Aston University, Aston Triangle, B4 7ET Birmingham, UK. Electronic address:

Baby-led weaning is an approach to complementary feeding that emphasizes an infant's ability to self-feed rather than being spoon fed, and to eat minimally-processed foods rather than puréed foods. This study aimed to investigate the variability in infant feeding practices and the possible association with developmental milestones in an Italian population. A sample of 1245 mothers of 6-12 month-old infants completed an online survey about complementary feeding and their infant's attainment of developmental milestones. Read More

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The applicability of the Eating Disorder Inventory in pregnancy.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.

Purpose: The aim of our study was validating Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) among pregnant women, who are vulnerable to eating disorders (EDs).

Methods: In 2012-2013, 1146 women (aged 18-47 years) completed a questionnaire including EDI during the first 3 days after delivery. We checked factorial validity of three diagnostic subscales of EDI with confirmative factor analysis and internal validity by Cronbach's alpha and item-total correlation. Read More

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Business outcomes of healthy food service initiatives in schools: A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Geelong, Global Obesity Centre, Institute for Health Transformation, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Fear of unfavorable business outcomes, including negative financial impacts, deters implementation of school food service initiatives to support healthy student eating behaviors. There have been no systematic reviews to guide feasible long-term healthy school food initiatives. This review aimed to synthesize evidence on the effect of school food service initiatives on business outcomes, including commercial viability, stakeholder perceptions, customer perceptions, and initiative maintenance and scale-up. Read More

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Evaluating Moderation of Parent-Teen Overweight/Obesity Relation by Household Socioeconomic Status.

Curr Dev Nutr 2021 Apr 12;5(4):nzab030. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine, Lewisburg, WV, USA.

Evidence links parent-offspring weight status, but few studies have evaluated whether markers of socioeconomic status moderate this relation. The 2014 Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating study was used to assess intergenerational weight status in a national sample of parent-teen dyads. Multivariable logistic regression models assessed the relation between parent-teen weight status, controlling for teen and parent dietary factors, physical activity, demographic factors, and socioeconomic factors. Read More

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Mental health difficulties among professional jockeys: a narrative review.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2021 19;7(2):e001078. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Sport and Exercise Sciences, Waterford Institute of Technology, Waterford, Ireland.

Introduction: Emerging academic literature and high-profile disclosures of mental health difficulties and mental illness from current and former professional jockeys suggest that further exploration of the mental health of jockeys is required. To date, a comprehensive review of jockeys' mental health has yet to be conducted.

Objectives: To examine the existing literature related to jockeys' mental health, including the prevalence of symptoms associated with mental health difficulties and help-seeking. Read More

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The Healthy Taiwanese Eating Approach is inversely associated with all-cause and cause-specific mortality: A prospective study on the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan, 1993-1996.

PLoS One 2021 6;16(5):e0251189. Epub 2021 May 6.

Institute of Population Health Science, National Health Research Institutes, Miaoli, Taiwan, R.O.C.

Background: Few longitudinal studies have investigated the association between foods/dietary pattern and mortality risk in the Asian population. We investigated the prospective association between foods/dietary pattern and risk of death among ethnic Chinese adults in Taiwan.

Methods: The study population included 2475 young and middle-aged adults (aged 18-65 years at baseline) who completed the questionnaires and physical examinations in the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan from 1993 to 1996. Read More

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Metabolic syndrome and cognitive performance across the adult lifespan.

PLoS One 2021 6;16(5):e0249348. Epub 2021 May 6.

San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University/University of California, San Diego, California, United States of America.

Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is associated with increased rates of mortality and increased risk for developing dementia. Changes in brain structure and cognitive functioning have been reported within the literature. However, research examining cognitive performance in individuals with MetS is limited, inconclusive, and focuses primarily on older cohorts. Read More

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Meal-time Smartphone Use in an Obesogenic Environment: Two Longitudinal Observational Studies.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 May 6;9(5):e22929. Epub 2021 May 6.

Division of Social Sciences, Yale-National University of Singapore College, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: Despite a large volume of research on the impact of other digital screens (eg, televisions) on eating behavior, little is known about the nature and impact of mealtime smartphone use.

Objective: We investigated how smartphones are used in everyday meals, whether phone users differ according to mealtime phone use patterns, and whether specific phone functions (particularly food photography) would affect the amount and enjoyment of food eaten.

Methods: Across 2 studies, we used the experience sampling method to track 1780 meals in situ. Read More

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Family caregivers' and professionals' experiences of supporting people living with dementia's nutrition and hydration needs towards the end of life.

Health Soc Care Community 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Centre for Ageing Population Studies, Research Department of Primary Care and Population Health, University College London, London, UK.

The aim of this paper was to understand the needs of family caregivers and professionals supporting people living with dementia with eating and drinking difficulties towards the end of life and the strategies they use to overcome them. A total of 41 semi-structured interviews with family caregivers (n = 21) and professionals (n = 20) were conducted in London and surrounding areas of England. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Read More

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How is television time linked to cardiometabolic health in adults? A critical systematic review of the evidence for an effect of watching television on eating, movement, affect and sleep.

BMJ Open 2021 May 5;11(5):e040739. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Anthropology, Durham University, Durham, UK.

Objective: To improve our understanding of how television (TV) time is linked to cardiometabolic health among adults by systematically and critically evaluating the evidence that watching TV is associated with increased food consumption, lack of movement or negative affect or affects subsequent sleep.

Design: Systematic review.

Data Sources: Web of Science and PubMed. Read More

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Prevalence and risk factors of hypertension among Hui population in China: A systematic review and meta-analysis based on 30,565 study participants.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25192

Evidence-Based Nursing Center, School of Nursing, Lanzhou University.

Background: Hypertension (HTN) has been considered as a health concern in developing countries. And Hui is a minority group with a large population in China. Its genetic background, inadequate access to health services, eating habits, religious belief, ethnic customs, and other factors differ from that of other ethnic groups, which may influence the prevalence of HTN. Read More

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The neural correlates of delay discounting in obesity and binge eating disorder.

J Behav Addict 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

1Department of Psychiatry, Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL, C/Feixa Llarga s/n, 08907, Barcelona, Spain.

Background And Aims: Increased delay discounting is associated with obesity and binge eating disorder (BED). Although BED and obesity frequently co-occur, the neural mechanisms underlying delay discounting in these conditions remain poorly understood.

Methods: Thirtyfive women with obesity, including 10 participants with obesity and BED and 31 controls completed a monetary delay discounting task during functional magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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Factors affecting Brazilians' self-rated health during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Cad Saude Publica 2021 30;37(3):e00182720. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

This is a cross-sectional study investigating the factors affecting brazilians' self-rated health during the COVID-19 pandemic, based on data from the web-based behavior survey. Carried out from April 24 to May 24, 2020, the survey recruited participants by a chain sampling procedure. Its outcome was the worsening of self-rated health during the pandemic. Read More

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Using network analysis to compare diagnosis-specific and age-specific symptom networks in eating disorders.

Int J Eat Disord 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital of Munich (LMU), Munich, Germany.

Objective: The network theory of mental disorders conceptualizes eating disorders (EDs) as networks of interacting symptoms. Network analysis studies in EDs mostly have examined transdiagnostic and/or mixed age samples. The aim of our study was to investigate similarities and differences of networks in adolescents and adults with anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN). Read More

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Validity and efficacy of diets used for preoperative weight reduction among patients qualified for bariatric surgery.

Pol Przegl Chir 2021 Mar;93(2):53-58

Department of Clinical Dietetics, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.

Introduction: Bariatric surgery is the most effective method of weight reduction among patients suffering from morbid obesity. Reduction of body weight before surgery is an important element. The aim of the study was to present the current knowledge on preoperative weight reduction and diet for this purpose. Read More

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Effect of exercise training interventions on energy intake and appetite control in adults with overweight or obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2021 May 5:e13251. Epub 2021 May 5.

Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital, Department of Nutrition, Institute of Cardiometabolism and Nutrition, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France.

This systematic review examined the impact of exercise training interventions on energy intake (EI) and appetite control in adults with overweight/obesity (≥18 years including older adults). Articles were searched up to October 2019. Changes in EI, fasting appetite sensations, and eating behavior traits were examined with random effects meta-analysis, and other outcomes were synthesized qualitatively. Read More

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Determinants of dental caries in children in the Middle East and North Africa region: a systematic review based on literature published from 2000 to 2019.

BMC Oral Health 2021 May 4;21(1):237. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Health Sciences, College of Natural and Health Sciences, Zayed University, P.O. Box 144534, Abu-Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Background: Dental caries risk factors have been expanded to not only emphasize biology, dietary and oral habits but also broader social determinants such as socioeconomic factors and the utilization of health services. The aim was to review sociobehavioural/cultural and socioeconomic determinants of dental caries in children residing in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.

Methods: A search was conducted in the PubMed/Medline database and Google Scholar to identify studies published from 2000 to 2019 covering children using key search terms. Read More

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Exploring the Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Eating and Purchasing Behaviours of People Living in England.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 29;13(5). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

National Centre for Food Manufacturing, University of Lincoln, Holbeach PE12 7PT, UK.

Consumers' eating habits have changed significantly due to the anxiety and boredom from the reported cases and deaths of COVID-19, the change in work patterns, controlled food shopping, and the inability to meet loved ones during the lockdown. The magnitude of these changes in the eating behaviours and purchasing habits of consumers varies across different groups of people. This study provides empirical evidence of the effects of COVID-19 on the eating and purchasing behaviours of people living in England, which was assessed based on sociodemographic variables. Read More

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