6,730 results match your criteria eating problems

Functional Outcomes, Goals, and Goal Attainment Amongst Chronically Critically Ill Long-Term Acute Care Hospital Patients.

Ann Am Thorac Soc 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 14640, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.

Rationale: Chronically critically ill patients admitted to a long-term acute care hospital (LTACH) setting are a vulnerable population of intensive care unit survivors. Little is known of the goals and functional outcomes achieved by patients after rehabilitation in the LTACH setting.

Objectives: We sought to examine patient goals and functional outcomes, including swallowing function, amongst ICU survivors admitted to an LTACH with a tracheostomy. Read More

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Universal and Selective Interventions to Prevent Poor Mental Health Outcomes in Young People: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Harv Rev Psychiatry 2021 May-Jun 01;29(3):196-215

From the Early Psychosis: Interventions and Clinical-Detection (EPIC) Laboratory, Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London (Drs. Salazar de Pablo, De Micheli, Catalan, Verdino, Di Maggio, Radua, Provenzani, Montealegre, Signorini, and Fusar-Poli, and Mr. Oliver); Departments of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (Dr. Salazar de Pablo) and of Psychosis Studies (Drs. Bonoldi and Baccaredda Boy), Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London; Institute of Psychiatry and Mental Health. Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón School of Medicine, Universidad Complutense, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón (IiSGM), CIBERSAM, Madrid (Drs. Salazar de Pablo and Arango); National Institute for Health Research, Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London (Drs. De Micheli and Fusar-Poli); Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences, University of Pavia (Drs. Di Maggio, Provenzani, Ruzzi, Calorio, Nosari, Di Marco, Famularo, Molteni, Filosi, Mensi, Balottin, Politi, and Fusar-Poli); Neurosciences Department, University of Padova (Dr. Solmi); Mental Health Department, Biocruces Bizkaia Health Research Institute, Basurto University Hospital, Facultad de Medicina y Odontología, Campus de Leioa, University of the Basque Country, UPV/EHU, Barakaldo, Bizkaia, Spain (Dr. Catalan); Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, Division of Psychiatry, University of Siena (Dr. Verdino); Imaging of Mood- and Anxiety-Related Disorders (IMARD) group, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), CIBERSAM, Barcelona (Dr. Radua); Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatric Research and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Dr. Radua); Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS) Mondino Foundation, Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatric Unit (Dr. Mensi); Department of Paediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Dr. Shin); Zucker Hillside Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Northwell Health, Glen Oaks, NY (Dr. Correll); Department of Psychiatry and Molecular Medicine, Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, NY (Dr. Correll); Center for Psychiatric Neuroscience, Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, Manhasset, NY (Dr. Correll); Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Dr. Correll); OASIS service, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London (Dr. Fusar-Poli).

Background: Much is not known about the efficacy of interventions to prevent poor mental health outcomes in young people by targeting either the general population (universal prevention) or asymptomatic individuals with high risk of developing a mental disorder (selective prevention).

Methods: We conducted a PRISMA/MOOSE-compliant systematic review and meta-analysis of Web of Science to identify studies comparing post-test efficacy (effect size [ES]; Hedges' g) of universal or selective interventions for poor mental health outcomes versus control groups, in samples with mean age <35 years (PROSPERO: CRD42018102143). Measurements included random-effects models, I2 statistics, publication bias, meta-regression, sensitivity analyses, quality assessments, number needed to treat, and population impact number. Read More

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Weight Loss and Maintenance Related to the Mechanism of Action of Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 Receptor Agonists.

Adv Ther 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Doctor of Medical Science Program, University of Lynchburg, Lynchburg, VA, USA.

Obesity is a chronic disease associated with many complications. Weight loss of 5-15% can improve many obesity-related complications. Despite the benefits of weight reduction, there are many challenges in losing weight and maintaining long-term weight loss. Read More

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Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites and Associated Factors Among Psychiatric Patients Attending Felege Hiwot Comprehensive Specialized Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia.

Res Rep Trop Med 2021 4;12:51-61. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Background: Intestinal parasitic infections are among the major public health problems in resource-poor countries such as Ethiopia. Certain segments of the population such as psychiatric patients are believed to be at higher risk of infection because of their poor hygiene practices. However, information on the prevalence and contributing factors among psychiatric patients is limited in Ethiopia. Read More

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Patient-reported outcomes after oesophagectomy in the multicentre LASER study.

Br J Surg 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Oesophago-gastric Centre, Churchill Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: Data on the long-term symptom burden in patients surviving oesophageal cancer surgery are scarce. The aim of this study was to identify the most prevalent symptoms and their interactions with health-related quality of life.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional cohort study of patients who underwent oesophageal cancer surgery in 20 European centres between 2010 and 2016. Read More

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Marital quality over the life course and child well-being from childhood to early adolescence.

Dev Psychopathol 2021 May 11:1-14. Epub 2021 May 11.

School of Social Work, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA.

Research on marital quality and child well-being is currently limited by its common use of geographically constrained, homogenous, and often cross-sectional (or at least temporally limited) samples. We build upon previous work showing multiple trajectories of marital quality and data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-1979 (NLSY79) regarding mothers and their children (inclusive of ages 5-14). We examine how indicators of child well-being are linked to parental trajectories of marital quality (happiness, communication, and conflict). Read More

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Disordered eating and self-harm as risk factors for poorer mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic: A population-based cohort study.

medRxiv 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Background: Young adults and especially those with pre-existing mental health conditions, such as disordered eating and self-harm, appear to be at greater risk of developing metal health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, it is unclear whether this increased risk is affected by any changes in lockdown restrictions, and whether any lifestyle changes could moderate this increased risk.

Methods: In a longitudinal UK population-based cohort (The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, ALSPAC) we assessed the relationship between pre-pandemic measures of disordered eating and self-harm and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2,657 young adults. Read More

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Depression and physical health as serial mediators between interpersonal problems and binge-eating behavior among hospital nurses in South Korea.

Arch Psychiatr Nurs 2021 Jun 3;35(3):250-254. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Departments of Neuropsychiatry, College of Korean Medicine, Daejeon University, 75-0, Daedeok-daero 176 beon-gil, Seo-gu, Daejeon, South Korea.

This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between depression, physical health, interpersonal problems, and binge-eating behavior among South Korean nurses. Self-report questionnaires were answered by 187 nurses from five hospitals. Mediating roles of depression and physical health between interpersonal problems and binge-eating behavior were examined using mediation analyses with bootstrapping. Read More

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Behavioural and Emotional Symptoms of Adolescents Consulting a Specialised Eating Disorders Programme.

Rev Colomb Psiquiatr 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Especialista en psiquiatría infantil y del adolescente, Docente de psiquiatría de la Universidad El Bosque, Bogotá, Colombia.

Introduction: Eating disorders (EDs) are complex conditions of multifactorial origin. Their main characteristic is excessive concern about body weight and shape, which causes great discomfort and physical problems and leads to a decrease in quality of life and alterations in the patient's functionality social environment. The objective of this study is to describe the emotional and behavioural symptoms of adolescents who consult a specialised ED programme in the city of Bogota. Read More

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Revision of the spider family Zodariidae (Arachnida, Araneae) in Iran and Turkmenistan, with seventeen new species.

Zookeys 2021 27;1035:145-193. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Institute for Biological Problems of the North RAS, Portovaya Str.18, Magadan, Russia Institute for Biological Problems of the North Magadan Russia.

Species of the spider family Zodariidae occurring in Iran and Turkmenistan are reviewed. Seventeen species of three subfamilies are described as new to science: (♂, Qom; northern Iran), (♂, Alborz; northern Iran) (Lachesaninae), (♂♀, Kermanshah and Lorestan; western Iran), (♂♀, Fars; southwestern Iran) (Storeninae), (♂, Tehran; northern Iran), (♂♀, Qazvin and Tehran; northern Iran), (♂, Ilam and Lorestan; western Iran), (♂♀, Fars; southern Iran), (♂♀, Tehran; northern Iran), (♂, Kurdistan; western Iran), (♂, Kermanshah; western Iran), (♂♀, Fars, Isfahan and Markazi; central Iran), (♂, Mary; southeastern Turkmenistan), (♂, Isfahan; central Iran), (♂♀, Ardabil and Qazvin; northern and northwestern Iran), (♂, East Azerbaijan and Kurdistan; northwestern and western Iran) and (♀, Khuzestan; southwestern Iran) (Zodariinae). Andreeva & Tyshchenko, 1968, currently comprising only the type species ( Andreeva & Tyshchenko, 1968) is rediagnosed, with the following species being (re)transferred to it: (Tyshchenko, 1970) , (Kroneberg, 1875) , (Nenilin, 1985) , (Zhu & Zhu, 1983) , (Andreeva & Tyshchenko, 1968) , (Zhu, 1988) , Marusik & Koponen, 2001 , (Nenilin & Fet, 1985) , (Eskov, 1996) , Andreeva & Tyshchenko, 1968 , Marusik & Koponen, 2001 , (Nenilin & Fet, 1985) and Ponomarev, 2007 (all ex. Read More

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Evaluating disorders of gut-brain interaction in eating disorders.

Int J Eat Disord 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: Eating disorders commonly co-occur with gastrointestinal problems. This case-control study aimed to (a) document the prevalence of disorders of gut-brain interaction (DGBI) in eating disorders, (b) examine the specific impact of disordered eating behaviors on the risk of DGBI, and (c) explore the impact of current eating disorder psychopathology on DGBI.

Method: We included 765 cases with eating disorders and 1,240 controls. Read More

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Factors affecting Brazilians' self-rated health during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Cad Saude Publica 2021 30;37(3):e00182720. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

This is a cross-sectional study investigating the factors affecting brazilians' self-rated health during the COVID-19 pandemic, based on data from the web-based behavior survey. Carried out from April 24 to May 24, 2020, the survey recruited participants by a chain sampling procedure. Its outcome was the worsening of self-rated health during the pandemic. Read More

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The effect of Internet addiction on eating attitude and body image in university students.

J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Child Health and Diseases Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Erzincan Binali Yıldırım University, Erzincan, Turkey.

Problem: The research was carried out to determine the effect of internet addiction on eating attitude and body perception.

Methods: This study is descriptive, conducted with undergraduate students (n = 400) in a university in eastern Turkey. The data were collected by using Descriptive Questionnaire, Young Internet Addiction Test-Short-Form (YIAT-SF), Eating Attitude Test 26 (EAT-26), and Body Cathexis Scale (BCS). Read More

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A systematic review of network analysis studies in eating disorders: Is time to broaden the core psychopathology to non specific symptoms.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry 'Scuola Medica Salernitana', Section of Neurosciences, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy.

Objective: Network theory considers mental disorders as the product of symptom interaction. A growing number of studies employing this methodology has been conducted in eating disorders (EDs). We aimed to review those studies to provide evidence and limitations for a novel conceptualisation of EDs. Read More

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Do children with recurrent abdominal pain grow up to become adolescents who control their weight by fasting? Results from a UK population-based cohort.

Int J Eat Disord 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Centre for Academic Mental Health, Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Objective: Gastrointestinal (GI) problems are common in eating disorders, but it is unclear whether these problems predate the onset of disordered eating. Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) is the most prevalent GI problem of childhood, and this study aimed to explore longitudinal associations between persistent RAP (at ages 7 and 9) and fasting for weight control at 16.

Method: The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) is a UK population cohort of children. Read More

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Caloric Restriction in Group-Housed Mice: Littermate and Sex Influence on Behavioral and Hormonal Data.

Front Vet Sci 2021 15;8:639187. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Biomedical Research Center, Institute of Neuroscience, University of Granada, Parque Tecnológico de Ciencias de la Salud, Granada, Spain.

Much of the research done on aging, oxidative stress, anxiety, and cognitive and social behavior in rodents has focused on caloric restriction (CR). This often involves several days of single housing, which can cause numerous logistical problems, as well as cognitive and social dysfunctions. Previous results in our laboratory showed the viability of long-term CR in grouped rats. Read More

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Quality of life assessment in patients with long-term neurosensory dysfunction after mandibular fractures.

Minerva Dent Oral Sci 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, JSS Dental College, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, India.

Background: Long-term neurosensory dysfunction after mandibular fractures can have a significant impact on daily performances and quality of life (QoL) of the patient. The daily activities such as eating, speaking, shaving, kissing, and other social interactions can be affected due to the impaired sensation in the face and lip region.

Methods: A cross-sectional QoL assessment was done for the patients with inferior alveolar nerve dysfunction (IAND) from mandibular fractures at the 6-month follow-up visit. Read More

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Social Disconnectedness, Loneliness, and Mental Health Among Adolescents in Danish High Schools: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study.

Front Behav Neurosci 2021 12;15:632906. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Previous research has suggested that social disconnectedness experienced at school is linked to mental health problems, however, more research is needed to investigate (1) whether the accumulation of various types of social disconnectedness is associated with risk for mental health problems, and (2) whether loneliness is a mechanism that explains these associations. Using data from the Danish National Youth Study 2019 (UNG19), nation-wide cross-sectional data from 29,086 high school students in Denmark were analyzed to assess associations between social disconnectedness experienced at school (lack of classmate support, lack of teacher support, lack of class social cohesion, and not being part of the school community) and various mental health outcomes, as well as the mediating role of loneliness for each type of disconnectedness. Multilevel regression analyses were conducted to assess the associations. Read More

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Psychological distress and associated factors of the primary caregivers of offspring with eating disorder during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

J Eat Disord 2021 Apr 29;9(1):58. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 600 WanPing South Road, Shanghai, 200030, China.

Background: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global pandemic and posed serious challenges in many countries. A number of studies before the COVID-19 pandemic have shown that the primary caregivers of the ED patients are subjected to great burden, psychological pressure, and serious emotional problems. This study aimed to investigate the psychological distress level of the primary caregivers of ED offspring during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Does a Skills Intervention for Parents Have a Positive Impact on Adolescents' Anorexia Nervosa Outcome? Answers from a Quasi-Randomised Feasibility Trial of SUCCEAT.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 27;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Eating Disorders Unit, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria.

Skills trainings for caregivers of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) have been proven to be effective in improving caregiver skills and reducing caregivers' psychopathology. The effects on patients, especially adolescents, are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a caregivers' skills training program (Supporting Carers of Children and Adolescents with Eating Disorders in Austria, SUCCEAT, workshop or online version) on adolescents with AN delivered as workshops (WS) or online (ONL). Read More

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The Role of Lifestyle, Eating Habits and Social Environment in the Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes and Hypertension.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 25;13(5). Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University, 17671 Athens, Greece.

Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and hypertension are major health problems, with an undisputed growth burden in the past decades [... Read More

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A Framework of Visual Checkout System Using Convolutional Neural Networks for Bento Buffet.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Apr 8;21(8). Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Information Management, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Songhe Road, Xiaogang District, Kaohsiung City 807, Taiwan.

In recent years, the technology of artificial intelligence (AI) and robots is rapidly spreading to countries around the world. More and more scholars and industry experts have proposed AI deep learning models and methods to solve human life problems and improve work efficiency. Modern people's lives are very busy, which led us to investigate whether the demand for Bento buffet cafeterias has gradually increased in Taiwan. Read More

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Neuroenhancement in French and Romanian University Students, Motivations and Associated Factors.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 7;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion and INSERM 1073, Rouen University Hospital and Rouen Normandie University, 76000 Rouen, France.

This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the use of neuroenhancers, the motivations and factors associated with their use in French and Romanian university students. Students from two universities in France (Rouen and Opal Coast University) and one in Romania (Cluj-Napoca) were asked to complete a self-administered anonymous questionnaire, either online or on paper, about the use of three different categories of substance: Prescription drugs (methylphenidate, modafinil, and beta-blockers), drugs of abuse (alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, and amphetamines), and soft enhancers (coffee, vitamins, caffeine tablets, and energy drinks). In total, 1110 students were included: The users were 2. Read More

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Evolutionary profile of the family Calliphoridae, with notes on the origin of myiasis.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Apr 28;28(4):2056-2066. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Department of Entomology, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Abbassia, Cairo, Egypt.

The family Calliphoridae is a group of heterogenous calyptrate flies with a worldwide distribution including species of ecological, veterinary, medical, and forensic importance. Notorious for their parasitic habits, the larvae of many blowflies are characterised - like some other dipteran larvae - by their ability to develop in animal flesh. When parasitism affects a living host, it is termed "myiasis". Read More

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Changing parental feeding practices through web-based interventions: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2021 28;16(4):e0250231. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Faculty of Psychology, Research Center for Psychological Science (CICPSI), University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.

Web-based parent interventions designed to promote children's healthy eating patterns can enhance parents' engagement and facilitate behavior change. However, it is still unclear how much the existing programs focus on changing parental feeding practices, and if so, which behavioral methodologies are used and how effective these interventions are in changing these parental behaviors. This systematic review and meta-analysis studied randomized controlled trials of web-based interventions targeting parents of 0-12-year-old children, aiming to promote children's healthy diet or prevent nutrition-related problems and reporting parental feeding behaviors as one of the outcomes. Read More

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Tobacco smoking and mental disorders in Australian adolescents.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2021 Apr 28:48674211009617. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

School of Psychology and Adelaide Medical School, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Objectives: This study aimed to (1) examine the strength of the association between mental disorders/mental health problems, risk behaviours and tobacco smoking among Australian adolescents, (2) compare rates of tobacco smoking among Australian adolescents with major depressive disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and/or conduct disorder in 2013/14 vs 1998, and (3) identify the extent to which an association between tobacco smoking and mental health problems among adolescents can be attributed to non-mental health risk factors.

Methods: The study utilised data from the first (1998) and second (2013/14) child and adolescent components of the National Surveys of Mental Health and Wellbeing. Both surveys identified nationally representative samples of Australian young people aged 4-17 years, living in private dwellings. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2: enhancement and segmentation of high-resolution microscopy images-Part I.

Signal Image Video Process 2021 Apr 23:1-9. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Institute of Tropical Medicine ¨Pedro Kourí ¨ (IPK), Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba.

Possibly, and due to poor eating habits and unhealthy lifestyle, many viruses are transmitted to human people. Such is the case, of the novel coronavirus SARS-Cov-2, which has expanded of exponential way, practically, to whole world population. For this reason, the enhancement of real microscopic images of this coronavirus is of great importance. Read More

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Relationship between sensation seeking, alcohol problems and bulimic symptoms: a community-based, longitudinal study.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Purpose: The association of bulimic symptoms with sensation seeking is uncertain; however, both behaviors have been linked to alcohol problems. We assessed in a longitudinal, community-based setting whether sensation seeking in adolescence is associated with bulimic symptoms in early adulthood, also accounting for alcohol problems.

Methods: Finnish men (N = 2000) and women (N = 2467) born between 1974-1979 completed Zuckerman's sensation seeking scale (SSS) at age 18. Read More

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Breakfast skipping alone and in interaction with inflammatory based quality of diet increases the risk of higher scores of psychological problems profile in a large sample of Iranian adults.

J Nutr Sci 2021 16;10:e10. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Gastroenterology and Hepatology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

The authors investigate the association of breakfast skipping and its interaction with a dietary inflammatory index (DII) with the severity of psychological disorders. A total of 2876 Iranian general adults were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Psychological problems profile score was calculated using the regression method in the framework of factor analysis based on depression, anxiety and psychological distress. Read More

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February 2021

Medical and nutritional implications in chronic heart failure: strengths and limitations.

Arch Cardiol Mex 2021 ;91(2):221-228

Departamento de Nutriología Clínica, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Ciudad de México.

Heart failure (HF) is one of the most important global public health problems, as there is an increase in its prevalence and an estimated 23 million of the world's population live with this problem. HF is defined by the presence of structural and functional abnormalities of the cardiac muscle leading to an impairment of ventricular filling and ejection. Multiple comorbidities have been associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. Read More

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January 2021